The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on September 2, 1947 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, September 2, 1947
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NOftTBaUIIT AKkANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIV—NO. 137 Blythevlllc Daily News Blytheville Courier Blylhcvllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader Rl.YTHKVII.LK. ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1947 17 Rail Unions Win Pay Hikes By Arbitration 1,000,000 Workers Will Get Hourly Raises of 15.5 Cents CHICAGO, Sept. 2. (U.P.) —A government arbitration hoard today awarded a 15-1-2 cent hourly wage increase to 1,000,000 non-operating em- ployes of the nation's railroads. Seventeen railroad unions: and brother-heads, representing the workers, had demanded a 20-cent hourlj raise. The arbitration board reached its decision after hearing testimony from both unions and the railroads in hearings here which began Aug. 4 and ended Aug. 28. Both the unions and railroads have agreed to accept the board's decision as final. The non-operating railroad brotherhoods represent shop workers, maintenance men. and clerical em- ployes on the nation's railroads- workers not directly connected with running the trains. During the hearings by the arbitration board, representatives of the railroads said that, the lines could not raise wages without "seriouslj injuring public interest througl: rate and price increases." The railroads contended that the rail wages already exceeded th< general wage level by a substantia: margin. A spokesman toi the rai; unions told the arbitrators during tin hearings that wages of railroad em ployes had lagged behind thosi paid in comparable industries fo: 30 years. The arbitration o; the wage is sue was necessary because the 1' unions and representatives of th< railroads were 'unable to' roac agreement during direct negotia tions. • • , Mercury Drops After Reaching 04 Degrees Here Blytheville residents sheltered n- iln yesterday us Scptcmljcr was ushered in under a blazing sun iat sent the mercury up to a sizzling 104 degrees. But relief came son as the mer- ury did a turn-about during ihe Ight and plummeted 36 degrees to low of 68 degrees, according to :obert E. Blaylock, official weather bserver. Last night's G8 was Ihe lowest eni|>erature recorded here in the ast two months. And yesterday's ligh marked the first day the mercury exceeded the century mark Incc last month's 10-day heat 110 Highest in Arkansas The remainder of the state v.-as ixpected to continue to broil under lumld temperatures approa thing he 110 maximum set yesterday The forecast called for fair skies tonight and Wednesday, not quite warm in the North portion. Temperatures in the Little Hock area were expected to drop from .he season's record of 103 yesterday to the middle OO's. Ozark topped ihe slate yesterday with 110 degrees, while practically every other place in Arkansas, except Stuttgart, was en the bandwagon with readings from 100 to 1C3. -Stuttgart had a relatively mild 97 degrees. In the 103 division were Bates- vllle, Dardanclfe and Morrilton. Olher high temperatures Included Newport and Searcy 107: Brinkley. Hot Springs. Little nock, Monticello and Pine Bluff, 106: Porl Smith and Jonesboro. 105; Gilbert. 1C1; Cnmdcn, 103; Fiiy- ettevillc and Arkadclphia, 102; and Harrison, Texarkana and El Dorado, 100. Army Officers Revolt Against New Dictator Governor Shuns Special Session Belief Expressed Board Can Move Stare Medical School GUAYAQUIL, Ecuador. Sept. 2 (UP)—Capt. Antonio Rlvas HIdal go. commander of the Guayaqu anti-aircraft battery, was chosen today as chief of the military forces in the Guayaquil area which have revolted against the dictatorship established last week by Col. Carlos Maneheno. Rlvas was backed by all junior officers in command of the Bolivar artillery regiment, the mechanized corps and the anti-aircraft battery, all of whom early today rejected the Maneheno government and joined the counter-revolutionary movement seeking to reestablish constitutional regime. They appeared to be in full control here after imprisoning Col. N. Soils, commander of the military area. Comd. Alberto Riquetti and several other senior officers. Mancheno's minister of interior, Julio Morene, who came here yes tcrday in an attempt to come to terms with the counter-revolutionists, was ordered arrested. If could not be determined immediately whether he had been. Rivas issued a manifesto promising to maintain order and .absolute freedom of Ihe press. He sent a communncation to the commanders of other rebel garrisons at Riobamba. Ambato and Latacunga pledging the Guayaquil forces to work with them for the early re- cslablishmenl of the constitution By BOB BROWN (United Press Staff Correspondent) LITTLE ROCK, Sept. 2. (UP) — Gov. Ben. Laney sairt today he believed the Board of. Trustees of the University of Arkansas has authority to movefile medical school from its present site to land owned by th»,>Stated-Hospital -vHthotjt benefit of new legislation. Back today after a two-weeks tour of the East and Canada, Laney said "scanty information and common I sense lead me to believe "the medical school board would have considerable authority in moving the school from one piece of state property to another in Little Rock." . However, Laney's statement that "I doubt that the board could move the school out of Little Rock," conflicted with a suggestion he made earlier this Summer that the school be presented to another city unless Little Rock came through with a definite proposal regarding the site and business arrangements. The governor explained that his statement today was based only upon opinion and a brief study of the problem. A definite opinion, he said, would have to be issued by legal authority. Laney indicated that lie would not. call a special session of' the legislature unless it was "absolutely necessary." He said he would attempt to confer wilh the chairmen or the University and Hospital boards to determine what has developed in the hospital situation during his. absence. Last week. Ally. Gen. Guy Williams suggested a special session <jf the legislature, and Aclinq Gov Clyde E. Byrd of El Dorado said he would recommend a special session to the governor. Walker Park is Closed While Drives Get Asphalt Coat to Settle the Dust Walker Park gates were closed loday and are expected to remain closed until Saurday while asphalting of drives in the park is underway. Robert E. Blaylcck, secretary of the 'Mississippi County Fair Association said today that work on the drives is expected {o begin tomorrow and will bo finished by Saturday, when the Clyde Beatty circus will set up in the park The drives were scheduled to be blacktopped. but iherc plans were abandoned when engineers advised thai such surfacing would not last on the gravel drive-;. Asphalting js being done to dustproof the drives until funds are obtained for laying concrete drives. New York Stocks 2:3fl p.m. slock prices: A T and T 150 Amcr Tobacco 74 'Anaconda. Copper 35 3.4 Beth Steel % Chrysler 59 3-4 Gen Electric, 36 5-8 Gen Motors 65 3-1 Montgomery Ward 601-8 N v Central 15 3-i Int Harvester 87 1-2 North Am Aviation t Republic Steel 215-8 Radio 8 3-a Socony Vacuum 16 1-2 Stmdebalrcr 21-1-4 Standard of N J 77 Texas Corp 83 Packard 5 U S Steel 72 Two Blytheville Banks Cash Many Veterans' Bonds Lines Form Early as Former Gls Convert Paper Into Currency Blytheville merchants can look forward today to a booming business in soiling new merchandise, collccl- ing past due bills and receiving payment on accounts due Sept. 1 foi an estimate,-! $35,000 was dropped Into the laps of several hundred veterans this morning whc:i they formed long lines before both banku to cash U'lininal leave pay bonds Ex-GI's lilerl past- special tellers windows set aside for bond cashing in both banks iirre and received nn average cf about SMO per bond To 'Mean Spending Hpree A brief prosperity for merchants here was indicated by Sam II Williams, president of , the First National Dank, who said that 05 pen- cent of the money received foi the bontls was taken out of the bank in cash and not deposited. He said the First National Hank cashed 217 bonds for $1-1,840.50 today, an average of $208 per bond. Approximately S40.0UO was glvei out by noon today for bonds o all sl/.cs as veterans crowded the Farmers' Hank and Trust Co. lobby Cashier R. 'L. Banister said today A majority of the vets receiving this money left the bank with casl in hand to pay bills and make pur chases, he said. 'Meanwhile, thousands of Woi 1 ].; War II veterans queued up befon other Arkansas banks loday and be gan cashing their bonds estimatei variously worth between $14,500,00 and S29.COO.OOO. Identification Hi-.jiiin-.l Most banks demanded persona identification and cashed bond only for the men and women who* names appeared on them. Pracll cally every bank set up si>ecial fa cilitics a-.vay from their regula teller windows toMiamlte the ex pccted crowds. Jerome Thompson, assistant man uogcr'of the Veterans Admintstra lion in Little Rock, estimated tha 80 per cent of the 18\000 Arkansa veterans — or 145,000 — had tcr initial leave bonds averaging be twcen S100 and $200. On the basi '1 hompson estimated that Arkansa veterans could draw down bclv/ee ?14.000,000' and 529.000,000. No check was available Inline diately as to how many of >'ie Eible M5,COGi eligible :.itu-''aod -»o-'i men would cash their bonds on Ihe first dav. Bankers throughout the state believed, however, that "many would." Early indications were that "many did." Over tho nation, some 8,900.000 veterans hold, or held, $1,863,222,003 in bonds. Reports from all across the country indicated thai a great many wore Irving to get their cash on the first day, dcspile official government urging to veterans to hold on to their bonds as gilt-edged investment. SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Sane Driving Prevails On Arkansas Highways During Labor Day Trek (f.y United I're.ss) Arkansas pointed with pride today to ils long Labor Day weekend fatality rccor;! in which no traffic deaths were reported and only four persons \vcrc killed in accidents during the holiday. This was the first Labor Day week-end in a number of years thai the highways of Arkansas did nol give up from one to a dczen dcid. Sir persons died on highways hist LDbDr Day. Two persons were killed in an Airplane crash, one Kr.son was drowned, and a fourth was burnc;! to death over the week-end. Over the nation the long Labor Day holiday took '.bo livc.-> of -13.H Americans in traffic accidents. drovMings. ail-plane crashes and 'miscellaneous mishaps, a tabulation showed loday. 'Highway crashes killed 254 persons,, just four inoi-R than the 253 traffic deaths predicted by the National Safety Council l;elorc the holiday began. In addition, 69 persons wcro drowned, 24 died as result of airplane accidents, nnd 89 died :n miscellaneous mishaps directly attributable to the holiday. School Directors Meet The Blytheville School ^coa met In a-special session at tho high school last night. ,1 member of the board said tins morning that a was a closed meeting. No Information concerning the board's activities \VRS released. .end hnl McClellan Proposes Abolishing Russia's Veto Powers in UN POCAHONTAS," Ark., Sept, 1. {U.P.i-Abolishlng the veto power i the United Nations or expelling Russia from the organization loomed odny as the only steps toward n permanent peace In the opinion of J. B. Sen. John L. MiClcllun. Speaking at Labor Day «remonl*« dedicating a, memorial to the of World War I and World W«r II. McOlellan ytiterday s«ld the United Nations must Inevitably fan unless Rus.Ha consents o a change In the UN charter which would abolish the veto power Pointing out thai Russia ha«* xerciseil the veto power 16 times, , McClellan suld "Russia lias be- ' :oino the world's greatest peace ib.structlonl.st." "We will have only two alterna- Ivcs -— either to amend the United Nations charter so as to abolish he right of veto, or cxi>el Hussla 'ror.i the org.111:2 ilton " Statiui! tha', limsiii has refused .o co-o|,erati! wilu olhi r bit-, na- .ions, Arkansas' senior senator mid "If tho U.iitcrl Nations fills, .he world will be divided Into Ui'O spheres of induc'ico. with Russia nnd her coinniu<il.-iLls satellites coil- slllutlng one ;,n:l llu Western democracies the other, and. ..It would be most difficult. If not impossible, for tranquility between tUo two to be maintained." McClellan Fitl-l that I'.ie challenge of couumiui-mi cannot be Ijinor'.d or waded ami tltni it ii.i.s twcomr the Lhrcalc.iiii; lorcc obstructing Unltci! trie paths of world in'ace and security, sloai:>'.|y c?»<iucnr>K amnU «nd weak na-ilo.is ami brln them und-.T direct Influence cf Moscow. The senator sft.ri that while il'.e United Sta-cs will "mako effort to bring alxvi', M suit of all Issues.. .bv nil musns ble, short ,if war.., States caimu; surrender to an arrhy. . He asserted Hint the United States has no quarrel with the Russian people or with Its form ot government Inside Ms borders, "bui we will not tolerate Indefinitely her altitudes and actions that mark her apparent course In til dlrecllon of world conquest." McClelland will make the secoiu of a scries of speches al Jonesboro loday when lie addresses il gathering ol civic clubs. Truman Pledges U.S. Power Of Swords and Dollars to Achieve World P Jaycees Solicit Funds for Contest Harry Grimes To Operate Own Garage on S. 2nd Opening of the Harry Grimes Garage, on South Second Street opposite the Armory, was announced toriay by Mr. Grimes. Affiliated with Mr. Grime-; in the garage business is his f.iihcr, Sam Grimes. Mr. Grimes lias been an .nitomo- bile mechanic for 30 years. 20 of which have been spent working for a number of Chevrolet gnrag^s. His father has Iweu in thn lumber business her,- for the past :10 years. The garage opened for business yesterday. Hedge Selling Orders Send Cotton Price Down NEW YORK. Sept. 2. (UP)—A holiday accumulation of hcd?.c selling orders, and mis^ivinys Iril over the ev.rort outlook for .-\inrrl:;in cotton, bccau.sc ol Ihe ^horta^e of dollar credits, put cotton futures on an irregular downgrade today. News that Britain will urge all nations in (lie sterling area to rc.luw their imports from the United States to bar^: "essentials," and reports li-.nt France, .shifting from the dollar to the sterliiif; Z3nc on cotton Purchases, had opened ncROtiations lor cotton with iKit.h Eg>'pL and India, considerably clouded the export picture. Governor Renews Denial He's Quitting Politics I-ITTLK HCCK. Ark.. Sept. 2. run — Gov. Hen Lancy rrilcralcd his denial today of implications last, -seek that he would retire to his Camdcn home following his present term as governor. The statement, was allegedly made in Buffalo. N. Y. Riots Spread to Bombay BOMBAY, Sept. 2. fUPI— Heli- Bious rioting spread to Bombay to- d?.y and 17 persons were injured la knifings. Police ordered a 35-hour curfew. N. Y. Cotton March May . . Oct. Dec. open 3107 3073 3005 3161 3117 high 3112 3077 3r,15 3165 3124 Spots closed 3305; clown 46. low close 3092 SO!),! 3060 3000 2090 2S90 3145 ->145 3107 3103 Seven Burglaries Admitted by Trio Small Boys Living Near Manila Held By County Officers S2veu recent burglaries in North and west Mississippi County, Including the $200 theft from the Manila Post Office Aug. 22. and one in Eastern Craighead County, were believed cleared up today with the arrcsl of three teenage Manila boys- yesterday. The youths, who give their ages as 13 and 14, were arrested In their classrooms In the Shady Grove and Blackwatcr schools near Manila yesterday by Deputy Sheriff W. W. Simpson, of Dell, and Town Marshal Lcc Bailor, of Manila, and were reported by fleers to have confessed tering the post-office, the School, the Planters ell r.cni-,.. Manila, a .drug a'y, Potters 1 stoic gan's cafe In Dell and and Young Motor Company in niythevitle, all In a three-week period. At the lime of their arrest, the, three youths surrendered to the officers S7I ot the $200 taken from the poslofficc, a fountain pen and pencil set and a flashlight reported taken from the Caraway drug store which was entered three weeks ago witli merchandise valued at near SSCO reported taken. i;nlrr Blylhcvllle Store An unspecified amount of small change was taken from the cafe ami store in Dell, the officers said, but none of thir, loot was recovered. The store and cafe were entered on the afternoon of Aug. 24 (Sunday*, they said. The youths admitted entering the Planters OH Company near Manila Aug. 11. robbing il of approximately S15 in cash and two fountain pens. None of this loot has been recovered, the officers said. The youths' confession also cleared up the Manila High School burglary two weeks ago when'sev- eral pieces of athletic equipment were taken, and the Still-Young Motor Company burglary here on Aug. 23. A fountain pen and pen- numbcr of pocket from time said. Deputy Sheriff Simpson staled that the youths were first implicated in the scries of burglaries when the officers learned thai one of lite br-y- 1 ' was seen hanging around the Manila Post Office on the night il was entered. Artmil Fintrrinj Posloffic* 'I he youths slated Ihal I hey incd a rock to break the glass in the- poslclficc door, allowing them to re.-.cl] inside and trip the Ight latch. The money was taken from a cash drawer in t!ie track section of the poslifficc, the report stated. Mr. Simpson slated that following his receipt of the report thai the store and cafe in Dell had been entered, another youth reported seeing ihe three Manila bays running from the vicinity of the cafe with a small sack. Later, he said, he received a report that the three boys were seen .spending quite a. bit of small change in ploying pin-ball machines in Dell. Following their arrest the youths were brought to Ihe Mississippi County jail here for further iu- vcsligatinon and ((ucslloning. Posl office Inspector W. E. Youne. cf Jonesboro is expected tu arrive in Blylhev'iilc loday to question Ihe youths in regard to Ihe pcstofflcc burglary. Cash to Be Used to Finance 8th Cotton Picking Competition The Junior Chamber of Commerce today launched a "blitzkrieg" campaign to cliluln funds for the Eighth Nallonal Cotton Picking Content to be held here Oct. a. launched at a niccllng of the oritnnlzaltou last night in the Jay- cce club rooms, the drlvn, nn un- mal affair connected with the colon picking event, officially began oday as Jaycce solicitation tennis began covering llii: city to obtain 'uiuls that will be used to help JUbllclzj and promnle the contest. •By IilitliL-rlnn the contest, It was polnled out, miylhuvlllc, Mississippi County and the Stall! of Arkansas •>re brought nationwide attention hroufih the event. The drive lias been expanded somewhat this year, drive leader.! sa.ld. because costs entailed In sponsoring the contest have Increased. Scrk SJ),«W) The solicitation program was not v.]i to obtain auotil J8003 to augment contest funds, the balance Is 37 Die as Trains Collidein Canada Fire Breaks Out in Wreckage and Spreads To Oil Warehouse •DUGALD, Mnnltcbi, Sept. 2. (UP) —Thirty-seven bodies were removed Tramline wreckage of two Canadian National -Railways passenger trains here ioday and police said more victims may be found In the stlll- smoulderintj coaches. , The Irains collided head-on ut the Dugald station lost night. ... At least, 25 i>crsons were Injured In the crash, which Involved a hol- iday'train en route, to Winnipeg and a trans-continental express Slit-bound from Winnipeg to Toronto. :..The .work of removing and Identifying bodies ol the dead was ham- by fire which broke out in wrecked trains and spread "a nearby oil warehouse •elevator. S,~ "doctors and nurses here from hospitals in Winnipeg after the crush, which I '' 'no picker, however, will took place at 10:5o p.m. -o Die contributor, Mr. Barn Ambulancfs'-raced back and forth 'from Winnipeg all night with tho Injured.' • 'the work of removing the burned and mangled bodies Irom the wreckage continued today and authorities said identification would be difficult because of their condition. Somber Message is Delivered: Be/ore Group Gathered irt Riti By *. H.'SHACKIORI) •',•-'.United Frew Staff Corr«pond*nt ,"". ' I'KTKOI'OUS, Sept. 2. <U>.)-Presi<lont trurrian today told representatives of 19 Americni) nations that many countries of lOuropc ami Asiii live under- a "shadow-of armed itRKi-cssJon" and tlmt the United States i s determined to rolnm its military strength to preserve peace. . ,, M| '' ' n ' l , lmlm> in " «°mbcrly worded message deliverer! to the riniil session of the Inter-American Defense • Conference, pledged this nation's might of sword and dollar drive by solicitation teams and through the newspapers and radio, Each contributor, regardless of the size of his contribution, will bu- jome a contest sponsor and will be listed as such on the official contest program, It was announced. Terming the contest a county- .vide affair In scope and benefit, *Jtho Barnes, chairman of the drive, laid that "anyone who makes Ills living from cotton Ls benefited through promotion of that crop ts in extent warranting a contribu- .lon." Itonora (,'an Enii-r Contestants Individuals or. firms contributing »10 or-inorc are eligible to enter H picker In the contest, he said. Choice be led en stat- Jd. cil set and screw drivers were the motor company cf the burglary. Ihe taken at the officers Dog Knows His Dogma SAVANNAH, da., Sept. 2. IUP> — It's the word "Friday'' that keeps Father rcclcy's dog from eating meat. I'ut a hamburger before "victory" and the animal will start callus. Hut say "l-'rlday" and he'll back away. "Victory's" master Is pastor of St. Bincdk-l's Church. Legion Chief Stresses Preparedness NHW YOHK, Sept. 2. _(UP)_. James F. O'Ncil of Manchester, N. H.. newly elected national comniand- cr of the American Legion. In his first formal pfess conference today said lie believed reports of the danger of immediate war had been greatly exaggerated but thai universal military training would receive top priority during ills administration. "I'm a peaceful man," said O'Neal, who served 19 months In France during World War I as a combat infantryman, "and although I believe there is a definite danger of another world war, I don't believe it Is quit* as great as many would have you believe." ONcil said that the veterans' housing problem possibly was the No. 2 concern on his agenda. "It is certainly r.n acute problem and T propose to put a great deal of thought Into II," he said. "I would like to ."-ec the housing problem solved at the city or slate level," he added, "but It may be that a federal subsidy is the only solution." On the question of the Communist Party In the Unllcd Slates, O'Ncil said that he did nol regard tin! Communist group as a political par- ly "but as subversive international conspiracy." O'Nell replied lh.it he would like to sec the CommunlMs outlawed, but that it must be done by legal process and without hysteria. for U.S. Sends Sharp Note to Russians Two-Year Stalemate In Germany Blamed On Soviet Leaders WASHINGTON. Sept. 2. (UP) — The United Stales today blamed Russia for the Iwo-year stalemate over the economic unification of Cicnminy. H did so In a Hole to Moscow that the f c r e n e n the United .. Germany's Industrial levels violated the Pous- diun agreement. The note <mld, In part: ' Tor over Iwo years lh« United Slates govcriuncnl has .sought persistently to reach aareernenLi on mailers affecting Germany as a whole and to Implement .Ihe provisions of the Berlin agreement of 1!M6 (Potsdam) which state thai Germany should be treated as a single economic'unit and to this end certain common policies should' be established." ' : Asserting that the "Soviet government Is certainly uware of th« Importance of German production to the economic rchablHtatW'ri'of.'Eu--' rope," the note added; ' "Tho failure of the Soviet government to Implement the Berlin 1 agreement has placed upor) tho | United States a heavy financial btir- .cen extended an Invitation to at,end. The president also has been -iivitcd to attend the annual L?- ^lon fair at CaruthcrKvllle Oct. 1-5. John Ben Shepherd of Olactuwat- vr, Tex., luUlonal Jaycce president, ,ias been invited and members of ;he House and Senate Agriculture Jommlltecs are being sent invl- .ntlons, Air. Ncbliut said. In his report on contest prepara- .lons, Mr. Ncblmt also said that, -he committee lias contacted newspapers, radio networks, radio sla- -lons, newsrcol companies and lead- .ng mngazines to obtain publicity for .he contest. •He also tolri of plans for entertainment during the contest, the ,tylc chow and commercial exhibits. New Event Added The cotton b^u contest. In which Articles of womcn'.i clothing' made irom cotton sacks are entered, will .lave a revised open division this year. Mr. Nebhiil r.nnounzcd. This division formerly was open only to members of the first Ihruc division.^ who wished to cnbnill miscellaneous entries Tills year It will be open to "anyone, anywhere,' Mr. Ncblmt explained. The other three divisions are open to 4-H -girls, Home Demonstration Club members, and home economic.'; classes. After receiving a table model dlo as an attendance award. Johns Inst night donated the radio to Blylhevlllc Hospital on behalf of ttic Junior Chamber lor use by charity patients. Ten members of the Local Advisory 'Board and two members of Ihe Non-Local Board attended tin; meeting. The 'Boards arc comix>scd 01 pli'.nters. businessmen, ginncrs and cotton buyers who assist, thj Jaycees with the contest In an advisory capacity. ;l Jti- ERim Driver Arrested After Crash on Chiekasawba John Griggs, Dlythcvllle Negro was arrested for running a stop sign after his car collided with a car rtriveo by Mrs. Lewis J. Partridge ot Blythcvlllc at the Intersection of Broadway and Chickasawba last night. Mrs. Partridge, driving a 1912 pontlac. was eastboitnd and Griggs, In a 194O Ponllac, was northbound. The impact damaged the fenders and sides of both cars. Mrs. Partridge said she did not sec Griggs until too late to stop and turned to avoid his car hut could not turn further because of a nearby telephone pole, a police rc|>ort showed. Griggs cliilmed he was injured but a medical examination showed ho was unhurt, police said. «n nll-otil effort to maintain world peace. * The president voiced strong hope thr.l olher Western hemisphere nations would Join tho United-States In contributing to Europe's economic recovery under the "Marshall plan." Noting that, this nation's it'Oiinces are "hot unlimited." he declared: . - •-•;.. -,, "I hope that the nation* of free Aimrlcii will he prepared, aicrT urrortilng tu Its an.Iliy and in Its uv>n manner, to contribute to la»t- In peace for the benefit of mankind." . Describing the postwar era as a 'bllter disappointment and deep concern" to this country, he said that the United Slates was obligated to prepare lor a prolonged military occupation of enemy territory. "We find'thai n number of nations nre sllll subjected .to a tyi>e of foreign domination which we ioujjht to overcome," he said. "Many, of tiie remaining peoples of Europe and Asia live under tho sriadow of armed aggression." ...... .„. . Mr. Truman did nol refer direct-' ly to the forcluii policy of Russia" In Central and Southern Europe r but there was no doubt as to whom- his remarks were directed; .' lip said, howe«r, tha'i'Sre do not believedial present triUrna- . tlonal itflfercncn will hare to be • resolved bjr armed conflict,' add- . Inj the "world rriiy depend on' II" thai .-we shall continue to to ,-f»r .. onl of c,ur.wajr to avoid inrtblne that would increase the ttrwions of international llfe.':^-^ •&.,:• He clescHbed'as the "fuluiarmiii- tal basis" of U. S. (Xilicy.tlM 'ifron^ desire for permanent., world .peace,- nddlng that Mils nation; Unprepared to work for that aim boifc through the United Nations and through use of Ite own resource!.'<••>'• -=• V • ;••••'•- "In carrying ^out .our !pollcy! Jvc arc determined to remain strcng," he lold the delegates who recently completed work on "ah" Iriter-'Anier- ican defense, pact. "This is' In no way a threat. The record of the past speaks for us. No'great nation has been more reluctant than ours ta use armed force." iBul the President .declared solemnly thnt this nation's determination to avert armed conflict should not be misrepresented as weakness. "Our aversion to violence must not be misread as a lacfc/of, "d^termt- natlon on our parl lo live up ip the , obligations of the United Nations charter or as an Invitation to others to take liberties with the foundations of Intoinational 'peace," he said. "Our military strength-Will be retained .^s evidence of the seriousness with which we View'our'ob- ligations." ,':'-..' likewise Mr. Truman made"It clrar that the United';.5UrWs_~h determined to do its best to provide n'onVmk help "to those who arc prepared lo help thrmKlvts and each other." This.Was.ia reference to current preparation of thr so-calkd "Marshall plan** for world rehabilitation. ''' '' .'.' Bui Mr. T ruman observed I that Ihis nation's economic resources aro not unlimited. He' urged the other nations of the new world to coma ' to the aftslsiancc of the old world In concert with the efforts of the United States. He made clear that the need for assistance felt by war-torn coun- irics of Europe and Asia will bo given a priority over economic help for other American nations.- But here he told Ihe Pan-American del,- egalcs that later this country looked forward lo Increased economic collaboration within this hemisphcro as well. Three Pnwrns Acl Despite Soviet ob.icctloiis to raisin? Ocrmany's Industrial levels. American, British .nnd French ohl- cluls met In Ixmdon Aug. 22-?7 to discuss an Angln-Aiiiericart pro?o- snl to boost Qcrman produetloii. Rittsla was not invited. Tliat fact prompted her protest over the threc- jiower meeting. The American note said the United States was unable to accept the Soviet "thesis" that nothing could be done to alleviate the financial burden or to contribute to tho economic reconstruction of Germany "until the consent of the Soviet government has been obtained." "Pending the fullflllment of the riuadrl-partllc agreement, the United States feels justified In pursuing objectives which huvc been commonly agreed and making arrangements for that purpose with any other occupying power willing to work toward the economic end," the note said. The note was signed by Actlnj Secretary of Stale Robert A. Lov- ' ell. ! Although ihe United Slates and I Britain have agreed to nn economic merger ol their two Western zones of Germany, rtussta and Prance have not Joined. The 1943 PoUdam agreement called for economic unity of the four ZDMCS. Cob Driver's Complaint Causes Passenger's Arrest Two brothers, both nlythcvillc residents, arc being held in the county Jail here today charged with the robbery early this morning of Johnny Kuwing, Negro cab driver. , They air Lelimrt Cupp. •l r >. and. II. J. Cupp. 24, who police said rcbfccd the Negro of $11 In cash while in his cab on Soulli 21st Street atout 1 a. m. loday. Policemen Gene Dickinson and Charles Graham arrested the Cupp brothers two hours after the robbery. They said (he suspects both were drunk when arrested. They used no gun but merely demanded that Euwing hand over his money, officers said. Farm Bureau Proposes New Insurance Agency A district meeting to explain the new casualty Insurance, company that is to be set up by the Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation will be held at the Greene County Courthouse In Paragould at 1 o'clock tomorrow afternoon, it was announced loday. The proposed company would Weather ARKANSAS — Fair tonight nnd Wednesday. Nol quite so warm In North irorllon loday. Mr. Truman hailed the work of the Inter-American conference, write Insurance on automobiles own-i which In two weeks time reached cd by Farm Bureau members. The agreement on a broadly-drawn pact state Farm Bureaus of Mississippi, • • • Florida and Texas, are joining Arkansas in forming the four-state company, which will be organkcd a> a' participating stock company with $200,000 capital surplus. Similar meetings arc being held In Pine Bluff and BatrsviUe loday, and In Brinklcy tomorrow. Baptist Leader Dies OLIVE BRANCH, Miss., Sept. 2. tUP)—Dr.-B. O. Lowery, former Mississippi congressman »nd Baptist leader, died at the home of his son here today. Soybeans CHICAGO, Sept. 2. (UP)—Soybean quotations: Open High Nov 2SOb 280 March to check aggression against any American nation. Frond of Revolts in .Ri« "You have made It clear to any possible aggressor that the Amerl- ' and $100,0001 can'republics arc determined to sup' port one another against attacks. . . you can bo justly proud of the achievements, of this conference and I commend the noble spirit which has Inspired your eflorls." The President decried failure Of the major world powers to agree on peace terms for Germany and Austria. "No agreement has been reached among the Allies On the m*ln outlines ot a peace setUemedt,'', tie said. "In consequence, Y w« ate obliged to contemplate a prolonged military occupation of enemy territory. This Is profoundly ctteUtle- ful to our people." ' -,.-,-,-. Mr. Truman once" again pledged this nation to strengthen and more effective the United S«e SWORDS, Low 2*0 Close 280b 2841)

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