Daily News from New York, New York on August 15, 1945 · 344
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Daily News from New York, New York · 344

New York, New York
Issue Date:
Wednesday, August 15, 1945
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Ilmmm A(((Bq)$ null W n wmtt o t J O 1 3 (Associated Press Wireloio) Secretary of State Byrnes extends his hand to Max Grassli, Swiss charge de'affaires, after Grassli had delivered Japs' answer to Allied -Truman Declares Today, Tomorrow V Holidays Washington, D. C. U.R). President Truman tonight of ficially declared Aug. 15 and 16 Wednesday and Thursday legal holidays to permit payment of time and a half to essential workers who must stay on the job. He said that since the National War Labor Board had permitted TVtf TTlil a. v XT. m m. For 2 Days the payment of straight time wages ' for employes who are excused from working on those days, many employers had requested that employes who do work on those days should receive premium compensation. Are "Days of Work." The amendment also makes these victory holidays, whether or not work is perfored by a war worker, holidays which must be counted as days of work in determining whether an employe has worked seven consecutive days in work week. Under the executive order, the President said, V-J Day becomes a holiday subject to all the rulings and interpretations issued by the Secretary of Labor with respect to the other six holidays previously specified in executive order which is amended by the one issued tonight by the President. 74 Big Stores, Others Close Today No regular mail deliveries will be made in the city today and tomorrow, in accordance with President Truman's proclamation giving federal emploes a two-day holiday, Postmaster Albert Goldman announced last night. The General Post Office, Grand Central, Church St. and Bronx Central stations will be open for business with skeleton staffs. rendered" by stata employes during the war. The Governor also recommended closing of all local government offices in the state for the two days. His proclamation said: "I do hereby proclaim tomorrow, Aug. 15, 1945, a statewide holiday as a day of thanksgiving and of celebration of the victorious end of the world war. I urge the peo- Fourteen department store mem- businesse9 80 ar a3 poH9sible and bers of the Retail Dry Goods As- join in thanks to A1ighty God sociation will be closed today, J. Howard Denny, chairman of the' (Continued on page 11, col. 1) association a executive committee, announced yesterdap. In addition, the sixty members of the Uptown Retail Guild, mostly specialty shops along 57th St., announced they also would be closed. President Truman's proclamation making today and tomorrow legal holidays came too late last night for all department store heads to be reached concerning a decision to close tomorrow. However, they are expected to meet today to consider the proclamation. Albany, Aug. 14 (JP). Gov. Dewey tonight proclaimed tomorrow "A day of thanksgiving and of celebration" in New York and directed that all state officers close tomorrow and Thursday "in recognition of 'the-moitientoua services By Jack Doherty and Ted Lewis of THE NEWS Bureau Washington, D. C, Aug-. 14. Japan tonight swallowed our all-out surrender terms making Emperor Ilirohito a puppet, and peace at last came to a world long tortured by war. The glad tidings of acceptance "without qualification" were announced here by President Truman at 7 P. M., shortly after the long de- 6 i j t 1.. i r. l iv-' :n.. i i iaycu iap ivyiy iu uui iiiiui terms uuiuaiiy rcuLiicu the White House via the Swiss legation. Japan's surrender was announced simultaneously in London, Moscow and Chungking. The end of the greatest global conflict in history came three years, eight months and seven days after the dastardly sneak attack on Pearl Harbor. And it came after two of the most trying days this great nation has ever endured days of tense, impatient and finally angry waiting for the Japs io Emp Sets 1st Order: Cease Fire Washington, D. C., Aug. 14 (JP). Emperor Hirohito whom the Japanese believe descended from the sun now becomes a mouthpiece for the Allies. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, appointed supreme Allied commander to receive the Japanese surrender, will tell Hirohito what to do. The Japanese understood this when they accepted the surrender terms. Nothing like this taking orders from a white man or any foreigner has ever before happened to a Japanese Emperor. Hirohito has no choice. He has agreed to carry out whatever orders are given him by the Allies. Order No. 1 came tonight when President Truman dispatched . " , ''ISC I I X .J J'" J r) J : "1 Gen. MacArthur through Secretary of State Byrnes an order for the Japanese Govern ment to stop the war on all fronts. The dispatch was sent through the Swiss Government It was turned over to the Swiss legation here a few minutes after 7 o'clock. The President ordered: 1. That the Japanese Govern ment "direct prompt cessation of (Continued on page 11, col. S) it ;.' 1 i. r f First Results of Victory From THE NEWS Bureau Washington, D. C, Aug. 14. Top developments tonight: 1. Gen. Douglas MacArthur picked to be supreme commander of Allied forces with authority to order Hirohito around. 2. President Truman orders draft cut to 60,000 men a month, taking lower age groups, and forecasts more than 5,000,000 men will be discharged in 12 to IS months. 3. War Manpower Commission lifts all manpower controls. 4. State Department in note to Hirohito orders arrangements for formal surrender to MacArthur speeded. 5. Tomorrow and Thursday declared legal holidays by President Truman. This permits essential workers who stay on job to get time and a half. All federal employes get both days off. Holding surrender message, President Truman announces war's end. come through with an answer to the Hig Four's final note dispatched Saturday at 10:30 A. M. That note accepted the Jap surrender plea with the proviso that Ilirohito may remain on the throne only if he takes orders from the supreme commander of the Allied powers. Selection of Gen. Douglas MacArthur for the supreme commandcrship was announced to night by Truman. And so tonight, as this and other Allied nations camo to jubilant celebration of the smashing finale of victory over the last of the once vaunted Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis, Japan had chosen to avoid the fury of atomic bombs, and gradual obliteration by encircling fleets and armies by bowing to our harsh terms. These include total disarmament and surrender of all armed forces, constriction of Japan to her four main islands and perhaps a few minor ones nearby, Allied occupation of key points, elimination of the Emperor's war-mongering ad visers. President Truman, on whose shoulders had fallen the greatest strain these last few days, made his exultant announcement at a press con ference jam - packed with nerve - wracked newspaper men. He read a statement which revealed that Gen. MacAr- , ,! j tQontinuedon paffelO,coi.li WAR'S END FEATURES Picture story of tho nation's reaction to surrender news Pages 1, 6, 9 and 28. Great Pictures of tho Pacific War Pages 12 and 17. Map "Japan Short-Lived Empire" Pages 14 and 15. Chronology of the Pacific ;War Pages 18 and 19. a a o

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