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5 at I 4j i --c lU 17) 1 Pi i i 1 if f. I NKWS foo Trohably conxjiaring notes on their experiences, these refugees take time out for talk at Oswego. E3" 5 9 (Continued from page 2) (NKWS The l'ranko, family from Yugoslavia Kaufmann, Kathc and their daughter Kve after a Het nf tennin at Oswcrii refuge. represented, but 102 are either merchants, tradesmen or salesmen. Across the border in Canada, refugees are being absorbed by individuals or firms, according to government officials in Ottawa.
They are needed there in the more sparsely settled regions, but up to now there has been no large movement of refugees into the country. (Other picture in center fold) visited their parents here while on furloughs. Save for such cases, all visitors are barred until after Sept. 1. Camp Expects a Birth Within 6 Weeks There have been two weddings Among the refugees since they arrived two weeks ago.
One couple was married last week aftar having met and become engaged in an internment camp six years ago. This sanctuary was the first place where they could legally wed. The big legal question at the moment concerns an impending birth scheduled in about six weeks. Will being born in the United States make the child a citizen of this country under this unprecedented situation? None of the Yaiik Ss There This' is the first of a series on refugees in this country. The next tuilt appear in The New soon.
sonal needs. Children under 11 are given per month those from 12 to 17 receive and adults get $8.50. Staple foods are purchased through the Army Quartermasters' depot, but fresh vegetables, fruits and meats are bought from local merchants. Although some have sufficient clothing, a survey is being made and each refugee will be provided with essential attire. Shoes are the biggest need as they were said to be almost unobtainable in Europe save at prohibitive prices.
Forty dollars a pair was about the cheapest price over there, one English-speaking refugee said. Food Is Rationed Sams os Elsewhere Medical attention is provided, with the shelter hospital staffed by the five doctors and a pharmacist among the refugees. Food is served under' the same rationing restrictions that prevail outside this federal reservation, with two meatless days each week. A typical day's menu such as was served yesterday follows I Is Deaf Genera (Continued from page 3) beat them to LeMans and, bursting north and south of Orleans, rolled up the second line before it had time to form. Our cavalry reconnaissance and patrols stabbing as far as the vicinity of Paris threw the Germans, into the utmost confusion.
They didn't know where to expect the next blow kept filtering through in small parties and groups to towns already taken over by our armored forces, to be shot down or taken prisoner. In their anxiety to escape some Hun soldiers donned civilian clothes. Every prisoner taken was bewildered by the depth of Patton's pene the gap between us and the Seine. Away on the horizon we could hea similar clouds of dust rolling marking the progress of tha other combat tank group. We ran 10 miles with the combat unit but.
found no Mgn of the Germans whom we'd ccnlidcntally expected to have to fight. The French who turned out in cheering horde to greet us declared that the Ilun had left in great haste hours bf ore. We nearly caught up with him east of the village of Gilles. Jlein a spearhead of our attacking forcu had caught and blown to pieces few minutes before a solitary e-caping German armored car. Close Air Umbrella As Bullets Sing By LAItRY NEWMAN C'omijinLd S.
Prt'SB) With the 7th Army -in Southern France, Aug. 18 (Delayed). Major Gen. Lueien K. Truscott, commander of the 6th Corps, rode through a hail of bullets thi afternoon when French Maquis and German snipers engaged in a spirited battle and he didn't even know it.
Joe Dynan, Associated Press Correspondent; Corp. Fred Dunn, New Britain, and I hit the roadside ditches with the Maquis when the fight started. The patriots fired over our head a we hugged the dirt. At the hottest point of the little battle down the road leisurely came a jeep with, two stars. I spotted Gen; Truscott studying a map either, unaware or unworried j.reahiast: vj range, one uoiieu trations.
At Chartres yesterday, the day WRA staff here knows the answer and the problem has been put up to Washington. Of the four religious faiths represented among the refugees, 916 are Jewish, though less than 200 of these are Orthodox Jews, according to Markley. There are 47 Roman Catholics, 15 Greek Orthodox and five Protestants. Men outnumber the women 52-3 to 400, with 55 unattached women against 175 unattached n. There are 163 children under 14 years of age.
There is one family group of 11; one of nine; two of seven, but couples comprise 130 of the family groups. There are doctors, lawyers, writers, actors, bankers, musicians, tailors, jewelers, bookkeepers and clerks among the occupations after Americans had captured the city, German groups tried to fight their way in. For- a few hours snipers infiltrated the northeastern section of the city but all were killed or captured. At Dreux today, after we had taken over the town, groups continued to walk into our arms. When we entered Dreux there were 1,200 Germans there, but 600 fled in a hurry.
We mopped up the rest by the snipers. Tench Patriot Push Deflects Nosy Flier Our column had air cover all tho way. Three miles from the Scino an imprudent Messcrschmitt cam down to have' a close look at Uh. A 47 Thunderbolt flashed down from the roof with roaring cannon and the Nazi, bursting into flames, exploded and crashed into a scoro of burning pieci's besides our tanks. That was the only incident of note until we reached our mission on the river, but in the long trek back to base we didn't finish without incident.
As we were pulling into Gilles, a scared lieutenant in a halftrack cama along and said that a truckload of Gorman troops had pulled into the village after th earlier passage of our column and now was engaged in shooting up the platoon of guards we had left behind to direct traffic. The chief of staff spurted aheml and we entered the town to (mil machine guns belching fire, down the main street. Serpen Nazis Hide Out In Church, tut Vainly But it was the dying thunder of battle. Right in our wheel track lay two Nazi SS troopers in death Frees All mm Port Uou, Spain, Aug. 20 (ZP).
The entire Pyrenees region of Southwestern ranee from the Atlantic, to the Mediterranean is now either in Maquis hands or under their control, reports reaching here today said. In this area the Maquis hold and discovered they comprised troops of 10 different Nazi divisions. Predicament of Enemy Is General In Wide Area Indicating the incredible breakdown of German communications, a crack Nazi foot division this morning was thrusting into a triangle north of Dreux where an American armored force already was holding a position bounded by the Aries and Eure Rivers. We took prisoners- who told us they had been drawn down from the area of Le Havre. These troops were described as being of good quality and of good morale.
They evidentally were picked men thrown in to bolster the whipped German infantry. For four days this reporter has accompanied advanced combat unit; and patrols of U. S. armor which have ranged almost unchal egg, milk, jam, oleo and bread and coffee. Lunch Boiled frankfurters, sauerkraut, mashed potatoes, sliced tomatoes and cucumbers, bread and oleo, lemon jello and milk for the children.
Supper: Macaroni with tomato sauce, spinach, combination salad, bread and milk and an orange. Refugees Must Stay On Their Reservation Many were still suffering from malnutrition when they arrived on Aug. 8, according to Smart. Ona man' reported that he had lost 80 pounds and photographs of his former self bore him out. The refugees' are restricted to the reservation but Markely said he hoped to be able to make arrangements for them to go into Oswego later on to shop and go to the movies.
Meantime, a shopping service is provided by the merchants of the town for the refugees' personal needs. Hundreds of letters have been received at the Fort from all parts of the country asking for the release of men and women to work as domestic help, as well as many offers to adopt children. But Markley pointed out that it is illegal for them to go into private homes, or indeed to work anywhere. Many Have Relatives -In This Country "Their official residence while they are here is this federal reservation," he said, "and so far as we know here there is no legal means by which they can be furloughed away from it." Many of the refugees have relatives or members of their own immediate families in this country. Few of them, however," know where they ale losated.
A number have sons in the U. S. Army. Four of the latter have already such important cities as Pau, agony. Another was being burned to death in a faming truck.
The rest had fled into a church arid were being dug out bv erini-faccd GIs. frontier town and port of Cerbere, from Port Collioure and Port Venders, and the highway frontier post of Perthus. The retreating Germans passed through Perpignan without a stop and continued on through Nar-bonne on the Toulouse-Marseille railroad. They halted a few miles north of Narbonne, where they were forced to ditch much of their heavy material because patriots already had blown up all the bridges in the "area. A report reaching here said the German garrison of some 500 was prepared to leave Perpignan as Maquis forces in that region were believed strong enough to deal with them.
Maquis forces in the Pyrenees were said to be moving northward in the wake of the Germans, apparently in an attempt 'to make contact with the main Maquis forces in other sections of France. Tarbes, Foix, Pamiers and Oloron and have surrounded the strongholds of Toulouse and Auch. (A communication by Brig. Gen. Joseph Koenig, commander of the French Forces of the Interior, broadcast by Algiers Radio, said French partisans controlled ona third of France comprising eight departments.
The communication added that during the week ended Aug. 19 patriots had killed 1,821 Germans, wounded 415 and captured 2,265, suffering only slight losses themselves.) All German forces just north of this Spanish border have withdrawn north toward Germany and Maquis forces, immediately took possession, appointing new. civil administrators. After blowing up all military installations, ammunition dumps and port facilities, the Germans also withdrew from the lenged on the western banks of the Seine, and nowhere have we encountered resistance worthy of the name. We met nothing but amazement, prisoners lost and bewildered and completely off balance.
Today's operations are a model of what your reporter has seen in When tha SS attacked our sentries at Gilles they shot from amazement at fiinlir-; Americans in the village. More from fright than anything else they failed to see approaching from another direction a machine gim-armed U. S. half track. But it saw the Germans and literally blew them apart.
INVASION nil la for lrriiirinli.ua MHliN if vtiNtt fttrr tflii yrnr Safp Hnilr iiier 1urii Im bundle etrr tteek more than 500 miles of driving since the fall of Orleans. Just after noon we joined an armored column and worked forward to a cavalry reconnaissance combat unit. In clouds of choking dust we charged forward to close.
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