The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on October 21, 2001 · 82
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 82

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Sunday, October 21, 2001
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E6 Editorial Boston Sunday Globe OCTOBER 21, 2001 HIIIIIU Illllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIII fornix uribau dMobe Founded 1873 RICHARD H. CllMAN Publisher MARTIN BARON Editor RENfiE LOTH Editor, Editorial Page HELEN W. DONOVAN Executive Editor GREGORY L MOORE Managing Editor RICHARD J. DANIELS President I M 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 M I M I M M 1 1 1 1 1 M I ) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 ) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 THE SAUDI STRUGGLE m$- J im,m it V L M fX XJ SAMA BIN Laden is Saudi. Not only his inheritance, but also his exclusionary version of Islam an offshoot of the puritanical Wahhabi sect originates in the Arabian peninsula. His primary political project to cleanse the land of Mecca and Medina of infidels and to supplant the Saudi monarchy with an Islamic state in the Taliban mold threatens to make Saudi Arabia as much a battleground in the war against terrorism as Afghanistan. Because of America's close ties to the Saudi monarchy, and particularly because of the links between the Saudi regime and Bush administration officials, the contradictory behavior of the Saudi royals has become the unmentionable scandal of the crisis ushered in by the terrorist attacks of Sept. 1 1. Complicity in a jihad? Even now, when the United States and other governments are desperately seeking intelligence cooperation to prevent anticipated new terrorist attacks, the Saudi regime is refusing to provide all the information it might have on the dozen or so hijackers who are believed to have been Saudi subjects. Saudi spokesmen are denying that Saudi citizens could have committed such a crime. Saudi billionaires are denying that Muslim charities they had been supporting were used to fund thousands of religious schools, known as madrassas, in which impoverished Pakistani and Afghan boys were indoctrinated for holy war. They also deny that money from those charities was diverted into bin Laden's terrorist network. The deception practiced by the Saudis is not merely of Washington. It is also a form of self-deception. And it has been going on for a longtime. To maintain their precarious perch in power, the Saudi princes have entered into a succession of Faustian pacts. With Wahhabi clerics they have bartered control over education and social mores for political approval. By making lavish donations to Islamic social welfare charities that the Treasury Department has listed as funding sources for terrorist groups, they have submitted to a protection racket veiled in religious and political rhetoric. Out of fear and insecurity, they have been nourishing their own worst enemies. Thus far, those terrorist forces have conducted operations on Saudi soil only against foreign infidels. The monarchists' trepidation that they could become one of the next targets of bin Laden and his associates was revealed last Sunday when the kingdom's interior minister said: "We wish the United States had been able to flush out the terrorists in Afghanistan without resorting to the current action. . . We are not at all happy with the situation. This in no way means we are not willing to confront terrorism." Playing both sides This is a discreet way of saying that the government in Riyadh of course despises terrorism; that the perpetrators in Afghanistan have nothing to do with the kingdom, being outlaws with no ideological pedigree; but that the American campaign against Osama bin Laden and his fanatical Wahhabi-inspired associates in Afghanistan, if it is too messy and goes on too long, might arouse uncontrollable passions among the masses in Saudi Arabia. This blatant contradiction is characteristic of the Saudi royals' survival technique. Fearful of their subjects, their clerical critics, and their neighbors across the Gulf, they try to be all things to all parties. To one audience, they pose as the financiers of fundamentalism, to another as pragmatic moderates. They squabble over their percentages of kickbacks from arms deals with foreigners while their youthful population finds itself confronted with discouraging levels of unemployment and an education so freighted with theology as to be a hindrance in the contemporary economy. At home and abroad, the hereditary rulers of Saudi Arabia try to survive not by reforming or modernizing their realm but by submitting to diverse forms of blackmail. For years they protected themselves and their reputations in the Arab world by subsidizing the secular socialist regime in Syria and Yasser Arafat's PLO. They cut off their billions in payoffs to Arafat after he backed Saddam Hussein in August 1990, at a time when the Iraqi tyrant, having captured Kuwait's oil reserves, stood poised to lunge for their own. A threat from Iraq The continuing threat from Saddam's regime is at the core of the current peril to the Saudi monarchy's stability. The Saudi royals invited America and its allies to save the kingdom from Saddam Hussein in 1990 while simultaneously promising the powerful Wahhabi clergy in the kingdom that the infidel soldiers would depart as soon as the threat was eliminated. Then, fearing Iraq's fragmentation as a consequence of the postwar Iraqi uprising against Saddam, they implored their friends in the first Bush administration not to prevent Saddam from crushing a revolt that otherwise would have swept him from power. Now they and their oil fields are at the mercy of bin Laden, whose great grievance against them is that they retained US soldiers on sacred Saudi soil a decade after Saddam was driven out of Kuwait. This timorous, contradictory conduct of the kingdom's affairs reflects an effort to protect, at all costs, the royal family and its ownership of Arabia's petroleum resources. It is no wonder that some in the Arab world actually believe the earlier Bush administration deliberately lured Saddam into invading Kuwait so that US troops could be permanently stationed in the kingdom to protect the ruling family from its own people. In the long run, the best hope for stability in Saudi Arabia will be an end to royal corrup-tion, the reform of an economy that has shamefully squandered the kingdom's vast oil profits, the modernizing of the country's educational system, and an opening to representative and transparent governance. To make those changes a realistic prospect, the looming threat from Saddam's regime will have to be eliminated. Without Saddam's vengeful threats against Saudi Arabia, there should be no need for Western troops on Saudi soil. Once there are no infidel soldiers to arouse the wrath of bin Laden and his followers, their primary reason for being will be taken from them and they will be left with their cultish love of holy war, their heroin trafficking, and their mad devotion to the twin stimulants of cruelty and martyrdom. STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP, MANAGEMENT AND CIRCULATION Required by 39 U.S.C. 3685 1. Publication Title: Boston Sunday Globe 2. Publication No. 907-240 3. filing Date: October 1,2001 4. Issue Frequency: Sunday 5. No. of issues Published Annually: 52 6. Annual Subscription Price: $216.00 7. Complete Mailing Address of Known Office of Publication: 1 35 Momssey Boulevard. Boston, MA 021 25 8. Complete Mailing Address of Headquarters or General Business Office of Publisher: 1 35 Momssey Boulevard. Boston. MA 021 25 9. Full names and complete mailing address of publisher editor and managing editor Richard H. Gilman, Publisher: Martin Baron. Editor Helen W. Donovan. Executive Editor: all at 1 35 Momssey Boulevard. P.O. Box 2378. Boston. MA 02107-2378. 10. Owner Globe Newspaper Company. Inc.. is a wholly-owned Indirect subsidiaiy of The New York Times Company, 229 West 43rd Street, New York. NY 10036. The names and addresses of persons known to own or hold 1 or more of the outstanding Class A a Class B Common Stock of The New York Times Company are: Bank of New rork, 925 Patterson Plank Hd., Secaucus. NJ 07094; Bankers Tmst Company, 684 Grassnwre Park Drive. Nashville. TN 37211; Barclays Global Investors, NAkmstors Bank & Trust 980 9th Street 6th Floor. New York, NY 9581 4; Boston Safe Deposit and Trust Company, co Mellon Bank HA., Pittsburgh. PA 15259; Brown Brothers Harrlman 4 Co., 63 Wal Street 8th Floor, Three Mellon Bank Center. Room 153-301S. New York. NY 10005; Cede & Co.. co The Depository Trust Co., P.O. Box 20, Bowling Green Station. New York, NY 10274: Charles Schwab Co.. Inc., co ADP Proxy Services, 51 Mercedes Way. Edoewood. NY 1 1 71 7: Chase Manhattan Bank. N A. 4 New York Plan, 13th Floor. New YonX NY 10004; Chase Manhattan Bank, co JP Morgan Investor Services. Date!, TX 75240: Citibank HA, 3800 ClUccfp Center, Tampa, FL 33610-9122; Mrs. Marian S. Heiskel. do Manxupu LLC, 229 West 43rd Street. New York. NY 10036; Marian S. Heiske & Ruth S. Holmbery & Xfffl P Sulzberger & Arthur Ochs SUAerger & Lynn DokNck. Trustees U-A Trust DTD 062497 The 1997 Trust 229 West 43n) Street New Yortt, NY 10036; Ruth S. Hotmberg. co Marukipu UC. 229 West 43rd Street New York. NY 10036; Imestsrs Bank 4 Trust Company. 200 Clarendon Street 15th Floor, Hancock lower, Boston. MA 02116: Barbara Mer Katzander 4 Stephen V. Nat TTEES uVW Julius Ochs Alter FB0. Barbara After Katzander. 1413 Vatey Road. Lancaster PA 17603: Men Lynch Pierce Fermer 4 Small Safekeeping, 4 Corporate Place. Corporate Park 287. 2nd Floor, Plscataway. NJ 08855; MSSTC 1 Co.. P.O. Box 2598. Jersey City. NJ 07303; Neuberger Berman. UC, co ADP Proxy Services. 51 Mercedes Way Edgewcod NY 11717; Northern Trust Company. 801 S Canal C Chicago 1 60607; Salomon Smith Barney mc 333 West 34th Street. New York, NY 10001; SSB - Trust Company 225 Franklin Street M4. Boston. MA 02110: State Street Bank and Trust Company, 1776 Heritage Drive. No. Quncy MA 02171; Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, co Marujupu LLC 229 West 43rd Street New York. NY 10036: Juditti P Sulzberger, co Maruupu LLC, 229 West 43rd Street New York, NY 10036; UBS PaineWebber Incorporated. 1000 Harbor Boulevard. Weehawken. NJ 07087 11. Known bondholders, mortgagees, and other security holders owiangwhoW-Ing 1 or more of total amount of bonds, mortgages or other securities: None. 12. Tax Status: Not Applicable Publication Title: The Boston Sunday Globe Issue date for circulation data below: Sunday, September 30, 2001 15. Extent and nature of circulation: Average No copies Actual number of each issue during copies of Single preceding issue nearest to 12 months Wing date a. Total Number of Copies printed (Net Press Run Sun. 754,181 755,191 b. Paid andor Requested Circulation 1. PaidRequested Outside-Courtly May Subscriptions Stated on Form 3541 ' Sun. 1,102 1.018 2. Paid ki-County Subscriptions Stated on Form 3541 Sun. 17 17 3. Sales Through Dealers and Camers, Street vendors. Counter Sales, and Other Non-USPS Pax) Distribution Sun. 698.753 707.434 c. Total Paid anoVor Requested Circulation Sun. 699.872 708.469 1 ftn Distribution bv Mai (Samples, Complimentary, and Other Free) 1. 0jtsde-County Stated on Form 3541 Sun. 150 159 2 si-County as Stated on Form 3541 Sun. 4 4 t. Free Distribution Outside the Mai Sun. 8.964 7.230 f. Total Free Dnslbutxn Sun. 9,118 7.393 g. Total Distrxxmon Sun. 708.990 715.862 h. Copies not Distributed Sun. 45191 39.329 L Total Sun. 754.181 755.191 ), Percent Pax andor Requested Circulation Sun. 98 71 9897 16. ThsS1atemeMot0vnesha;wibetiinledmM Vks puMca&on. 17. FfCHARD H. GLMAN. Publisher I certify tat at mfcrmaMi fcmshed on tas torn) it sue and compk. I understand tal anyone who furnishes false or msteartng muniatmi on thn town or who onKs material or information requested on the torn may be subject i crimin Sanctons tnca and mpnsonrneisj anar cs" ssncstra tnduemjlfdsiiagessnlaipenmea. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Letters to the Editor Arab rulers worry about their 11 puvvci, iiul auuui 01 tivi IN YOUR EDITORIAL "Pushing Mideast peace" (Oct 14) you outline the importance of controlling the mayhem in the West Bank, Gaza, and Israel to maintain the broad-based coalition against bin Laden's terror network and achieve regional peace. Although your conclusion is sound, your explanation for the merits of the new Bush peace initiative, crafted in coordination with Arab leaders, is specious. You say, "Arab rulers fear their populations in large part because, for the past year, those populations have been seeing sickening images of Palestinian civilians under attack from the Israeli military." A more plausible explanation for fear among Arab rulers Redistricting plan is flawed THOMAS FINNERAN'S proposed redistricting plan for the Massachusetts House is a naked move to punish his detractors and further entrench himself as speaker. In Newton, his plan would force state Representatives Ruth Balser and Kay Khan, two liberal women who have been critics of the speaker's high-handedness, to run against each other in the next election. The plan could oust liberal and women representatives from other districts as well. Finneran says he is trying to create a "minority" district in Boston. People have every reason to be skeptical of this. His plan would move mostly black wards out of his own district, securing his position. Legislators should reject this plan. If they dont, the governor should veto it TEDHESS-MAHAN Newton Carlin is off track on tenure JAMES CARLIN, FORMER chairman of the Massachusetts Board of Higher Education, is continuing his crusade against tenure in higher education ("Pardon me," The Observer, Page B9, Oct 14). He contends that tuition and room and board could be cut "by at least 50 percent" if tenure were abolished. Carlin is mixing apples and oranges. Tenure is a guarantor of academic freedom. Salary and benefits are the result of union contract negotiations. Eliminating tenure would subject the free exchange of ideas to political pressure without affecting salaries. And it seems to be salaries Carlin is mainly concerned about Are they truly high in Massachusetts? The average salaries for all ranks combined at the state's doctoral-level public universities are: UMass-Amherst ($74,700), UMass-Boston ($67,700) and UMass-Lowell ($77,000). Does Carlin not understand that the modest salaries he is attacking are those of professionals who have spent years in training and who have obligations in teaching, service, and research? CHARLES BAKER Executive director Mass. conference American Association of University Professors Auburn than the one you detail is the denial to Arab constituencies of basic freedoms inherent in an open, free, democratic society. Heads of state in the Arab world realize that at some point the repressed masses will rebel, challenging and possibly toppling their regimes. As for the "sickening images of Palestinian civilians under attack," why no mention of the sickening images of Israeli youth torn apart at a discotheque, or Israelis shattered at a pizza parlor by Palestinian suicide bombers? The Globe should press for peace, but not at the expense of Israel, the only representative of our democratic society in the Middle East. DAVID S.GREENFIELD Newton 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 CIA's record of failures BRYAN BENDER'S article in Sunday's Globe described the results of US meddling in the internal politics of other countries as "mixed" ("Moving slowly, US aims to topple regime internally," Page Al, Oct. 14). To illustrate his point he cited the ill-advised Bay of fCA FELIPE GALINDO ILLUSTRATION Pigs invasion and Vietnam War. One wonders where Bender looks to see any success in CIA involvement overseas. The overthrow of Mohammad Mossadegh in Iran that led to the reinstated regime of the shah? The shah tortured and repressed the opposition until his overthrow by the Aya-tollah Khomieni. Perhaps he would point to the CIA-inspired coup that toppled Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala, which produced a string of brutal military dictatorships that Guatemala is only now beginning to move away from. Or could it be the CIA-backed coup in Chile that led to the assassination of the elected president, Salvador Allende, and the ascension of Pinochet? BILL MILLER Roslindale IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMMIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIMIIII Patriotic deal CONSERVATTVES, I've got a deal for you. If you protect my right to burn a flag as a form of protest, I wont say a word about your own form of flag desecration: namely, flying a Mag on the antenna of your SUV until it becomes soiled and tattered to ribbons. Or is it "desecration" only when a flag is destroyed expressing an opinion you dont believe in? TOM RAYMO Andover Studying abroad isn't dangerous I WAS A LITTLE upset by the article 'Tears raise doubts over studying abroad" (Page Al, Oct. 14). As a student studying at the Ameri- can University of Rome until last week, I can say it is no more dangerous living abroad than in the United States at this moment. . Events since Sept. 1 1 have af- . fected Americans everywhere. a,.. u , i 1 : nM M portunity to study abroad is not in -a student's best interest. Of course, it is necessary to proceed ; with caution, as it is here. CATHERINE J. CAMPBELL Hingham MY SON, A STUDENT at Northeastern, is going to study in Italy next spring. I figure he is at least as safe backpacking in Europe as he would be driving around Boston in his old car. And I can't pro- ' tect him in either circumstance. MARTHA MANN Wayland Dukakis is a good teacher t tit n t"t7T TOirrrn . 1 rru A ! ti kj HS11VJ1 A A AJJT lrS A VUU A return of Mike Dukakis" (Page Bl, with the description of his teach- .: ine at UCLA and Northeastern as "academic obscurity," and I think the former governor would agree. at TTfT.A's Srhnnl nf Piihlir Pnlirv. He teaches the finding of solu- a. : ii aj.i nnne rr nil rtiw nnin umv ill iiih blVUO IV 'UUUV LSI lLSl W M1V next generation. Teaching is as lmnortant to him as his knowl- -j i r nn ' eage 11 as Deen ior us. 10 minimise uiai is 10 minimize uie uuegiuy with which he lives his life. SUSAN REIMERS . Winthrofi The Globe welcomes letters from readers. Because of security -concerns, we cannot accept letters without a return address on the envelope. Letters sent by e-mail or fax will reach us more quickly. E-mail Fax: 61 7-929-2098. Regular mail: Letters to the Editor, The Boston Globe, PO Box 23 78, Boston, MA, 02107-2378. iiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii die Boston 6lobe MANAGING EDITOR Mary Jane Wilkinsondmmurarton DEPUTY MANAGING EDITORS Ben BradleeJrPTOjerta Lucy C BartholomayDesign 4 Photo Robert LTurnerfiditortai Page '. MichaeU.Larkin.'A'nrOpfrartonj Peter S. CanellosMffro John YemmaSunday SENIOR VICE PRESIDENTS Gregory L ThomtonEmptoje Relations Mary Jane PatroneSafcs 4 Marketing Yasmin NaminiOrruiuura Alfred S. Larkin, JrSGeneral Administration and Eitemal Affair VICE PRESIDENTS Michael A litProduction Robert T. Murphy'ftbrmolum Technology Harriet E. Gould Employee Relations Stephen Cahow Circulation Operations Jack I layonft mnu ( Peter O. ieonAdvcrtising William F. Connolryrfmmwrmftpn Robert "PawnMarketing Services Stephanie C Goodeffumon Resources Charles H. Taylor Founder t Publisher 1873-1921 Wiuum O. TaylorPuWwfer 1921-19HS Wm. Davis TaylorPaWin 1955-1977 William O. Ta-lor,-7WMfr 1978-1997 Benjamin B. lavtorftiMufter 1997-1999 Laurence L Winship, Erfitor ;ss55-T95 ' Thomas Winship, Editor 1965-1984 A NFW YORK TIMES COMPANY NEWSPAPER IlllllllllllllilllllliV 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

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