The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 16, 1947 · Page 14
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 14

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, December 16, 1947
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Page 14
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,?AGK FOURTEEN BLTTHEVLLLB (ARK.) OOURKR MKW1 TUESDAY, DECEMBER !«, 194T Changes in Monetary Policy In Russia Certain to Bring Huge Wave of Dissatisfaction By PMMli J. GotoalM tMted rrtm Bteff Correspond**! WASHINGTON.'Dec. 1«. (U.P.)—Dissatisfaction 1* certain to re- wit to Ruvbi over th. new eurrency change* but it wouia be folly to belim the'action wlB J«ipardl» the Soviet regime, BUt* Department eOfcUi wki today, •Officials who hare a first-hand knowledge of Russia said .thousand* upon thousands of Russians, principally in the peasant classes, lost large amount* of their ruble holdings under the new axchang* rates Although the Soviet decree wat* •teed at sjwculators, Russian farmers and the mari-ln-the-street were aaid to have suffered financially in these ways: 1. A large segment of^the Russian population has never adopted a practic* of putting money in bank*. Currency in Soviet pockets and In hiding places now is redeemable at only one new ruble for ten old ones. Currency held m banks up to 3,000 ruoles Is exchangeable without loss. 1. During the recent buying panic to Moscow and other cities, thousands of Russlaas withdrew their cavings from banks in the hope o escaping losses. Udder the government's decree, they are chief losers. I. Those who withdrew rubles •pent them on. luxury goods thus wiping out their chances of purchasing additional amounts of food and other necessities. One official, who served in the American embassy In Moscow, said the Soviet government's decree will be followed by "a iot of dissatisfaction, apathy and grumbling." But he added: in Moscow yesterday, a Soviet bily« will pay about M cents for 2.3 pounds (one kilogram) of black bread. A similar amount of white bread In this country would cost about 36 cents. BIG FOUR "The Soviet people are used to hardship such as this and they also know that any trouble they might try to stir up would only backfire." Report* reaching the Slat* Department to the wake of the Soviet decree disclosed that it was accompanied by a stepped-up propaganda campaign In Russia attack- Ing capitalism — "where prices are rising and wages are being held down." This line was accompanied by assurances that the currency switch would be the "last sacrifice" to be asked of'the Russian people as a result of the war, Despits the announced reduction of some prices and elimination of rationing, experts on Soviet affairs pointed out that prices are still higher in Kussla than they arc in the United States. Soviet wages, on the other hand, are lower. The average Soviet, worker's monthly wage was said to be about 450 rubles. This amounts to about J90 at the official exchange rate oi 5.3 rubles to $1. American factory workers In September earned an average of $201.80, according to tha Bureau of labor Statistics. On the basis of hew prices posted Commercial Food Lockers Well-Stocked WASHINGTON, Dec. 16. (UP)— The Agriculture Department re- purted today that Dec. 1 slocks of food In commercial cold storage broke nil records, Storage stocks then totaled 4,800,000.000 pounds, of which meat comprised two per cent. The department attributed the high total to record holdings of onions, 14,000,000 pounds; potatoes, 122.000,000 pounds; pears, 3,300,000,000 bushels, and near-record holdings of fresh apples, 35,046,000 bushels. The department said 127.000,000 pounds of mcnt moved Into storage during November, boosting the total to 516,000.000 pounds. This Is the seasonal period for meat storage; reduction of federally-Inspected neat alone has been running well vcr 400,000,000 pounds a week. Poultry stocks rose to 317,000,000 wunds by Dec. 1, within two per ent of last year's record. Butter n storage totaled 46,000,000 pounds, r only about hall the normal loldhvs for December. Stocks of hell eggs totaled 800,000,000 cases, third less than average. L-«r«r«< Austin Gray York Dies At Cottonwood Point, Mo., Austin Gray York, age 43, died yesterday morning at 10 o'clock at ils home at Cottonwood point. Mo., after an Illness of several days. Funeral arrangements are incom- ilete pending arrival of a son, Joel York, who is stationed with the Air Force in Panama Canal Zone. Other than his son, he is survived iy his wife, Mrs. Prances York; ive children at home, Margaret, Barbara, Linda, Jack and Alvln; and two other daughters, Mrs. Hazel Freeman of BIytheville and Mrs. Jnmlc Pinley of Memphis. Gobb Funeral Home is In charge. from Fate 1. United 8tat«, Britain and France. This time, France, having discarded the role of mediator, was aligned more solidly than ever before with the West. The failure of the session was not necessarily the "last chance" to fulfill the wartime dream of one world, But Western delegates agreed tliat relations between the East and West had now deteriorated so far It probably was the last chance for a long time. None of the delegates would predict today what would happen to the world because of this failure. And at the same time none would deny that the world Is In the midst of its greatest diplomatic crisis since before the war. M Months of Futile Effort ' After two-and-a-lmlf years, the greatest powers In the world are tarther from agreement than they iinve ever been. The machinery they set up to make peace — tha Conference of Foreign Ministers- had broken down completely. It was doubtful that the Big Four foreign ministers ever would meet n(;aln as a council. Some other approach lias to be Irled. Clernmny, divided Into four zones by Ihc victors, now becomes the front line In the "diplomatic war." The immediate result of the failure o( this conference will tie Immediate Intenslllcatlon of Ihc "colrl wnr" between East and West. Both the United Slates and Russia are determined to win, but both have expressed their determination that V. should not lead to a "hot wnr." But the failure of the Big Four to make peace Is certain to charge the atmosphere for, possible disaster unless extreme caution Is exercised. That probably Is why Secretary of State Marshall, very awaro of the dangers ahead, has sternly forbidden anyone connected with his delegation to discuss what moves the three Western nations may make in their zones of Germany. Quick moves are not expected, but the decision of the Big Pour foreign ministers to announce to the world they could not agree oh any issue will lead almost inevitably to these developments. (1) France can be expected to agree to unification of its zone ol Germany for economic purposes lion *«rt«d that If the political and William T. CtalUi, both el ZXJU& and economic unity of Germany The two men' an eenrinf eljht- ~ .... year sentences In UM Arkansas penitentiary for the armed robbery of Laster's Jewelry Store her* last February. would jeopardize the Marihall pian then the price was too great to pay. Molotov soon learned that Marshall's price for agreement to unification of all Germany was more than Russia wanted to pay. Clay te Eeiurn to Berlin What Marshall demanded was that Molotov abandon his claim for $10,000,000,000 in reparations from the Reich, since American and British taxpayers have to pay to keep the Germans from starving, and that Russia lift the iron cur- lain around its acme. As for Germany's Immediate future, Gen Lucius D. Clay,. ths American military governor, will return to Berlin and go through the motions of four-power rule. It hasn't worked to date and under the present circumstances It will be even more difficult for him to go throush the motions. The collapse of the conference was not a complete ijurprlse. It had been expected since Molotov's angry tirade Friday, which Incensed the Western delegations. Marshall has no platis for a press conference but will report to the American people by radio after he gets home. He made the motion yesterday that the conference be jiokcn up, because It was not getting anywhere. It was one subject MI which the ministers could and :lld iigvcc. Living Costs Go Higher For Lift/* Rock Residents .LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Dee. 1« (UP* -While Congress debated the price situation In Washington, housewives In Arkansas' capltoi city were feel- Ing the pinch In the family shopping basket. The latest rise In the current price spiral In Little Rock markets was a two cents a loaf Increase In the price of bread. Baking companies announced yesterday that from now on bread would cost the Little Rock housewife 15 Instead of 13 cents. The announcement followed closely one by a number of milk distributors that milk would go up by a similar amount. And only a few days before, the price of gasoline went up one and a half cents a gallon. The bakers blamed the rise in bread prices on rising production costs, Rood Build* Will OPJWM! Litigation fiM by Judg*, LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Dee. 16 <UP> —A Little Rock highway contractor todajr aoufht permission to Intervene in the *ult in which about 40 Arkansas countle* are trying to get »1.M3,OOU in hlchway turnback funds. Attorneys for contractor, Ben M. Hogan, said he will support the state's contention that the counties are not entitled to additional road funds this year. The case is set for hearing be- 'ore Pulaskl Chancellor Frank Dodge here next Saturday. Meanwhile, Prosecuting Attorney Mlllard Hardln of Newport announced that several other prosecutors plan to Join in the litigation. Hardln took charge of the case when two private 'attorneys withdrew last week. Howard Countian Heads Educators of Arkansas LITTLE ROOK, Dec. 16. (UP)— Cecil Shuffield, Howard County school supervisor, has been elected president of the Arkansas Education Association, succeeding Roy Nelson of Hughes. Other officers elected In a mall ballot are Mrs. Claire T, White of Little Rock, recording secretary; anc C. F. Allen of Little Rock, treasurer Elected to the Board of Directors were C. B. Partee of Brlnkley, Fre< Moore, Jefferson County supervisor; and Horace Williamson, Unloi County supervisor. BUDGETS Continued from Page 1 New Orleans. Food "A satisfactory diet must provide the necessary food allowances—minerals, vitamins and calories—recommended by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council," a private organization composed of some 200 scientific and technical societies. "Provision for customary eating habits' was made, the report said, allowing for occasional meals out, occasional Ice cream and soft drinks, and to- Highway Board Calls Meeting for Friday LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Dec. 18 (UP) —The Highway Commission will meet Friday, and it- Is expected to consider the appointment of a successor to Chief Highway Department Engineer W. W. Zass. Meanwhile, the highway d<vjrt- ment announced It was going n be closed today In order that members could attend Zass's funeral, which was to be held In Little Rock. Zass had been with the highway Obtains Venue Change HELENA, Ark., Dec. 1« (UP)— The trial of Dr. James Bookman of Helena on charges of carnal abuse, was expected to be transferred to Lee County, following the granting of a change of venue In Phillips Circuit Court yesterday. After the charges had been filed, Dr. Bookman and the girl Involved were married at Hernando, Miss. Pawns Coat, Drinks Poison LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Dec. 16 (UP) Funeral arrangements were being planned today for Joseph Schoonover, 28, married Little Rock war veteran and father of a young son Schoonover killed himself yesterday In a Little Hock cafe by swallowing the contents of a bottle of acid. It was his second suicide attempt .in two weeks. When he died, the ex-O.I. had department for 15 years, with a , no money In his pockets, and only leave of absence to serve the army a ticket showing he had pawned engineers during World War II. I his overcoat. Provision Clothing was made for "ade- ivith the already merged American nd British zones. Three Way Aereement (It was understood In Wnshlng- 011 that the United States and irltaln are nearly agreed on plans o completely merge their zones. [•he tJS. would have a controlling voice In the economic and politicnl affairs of Western Germany for mying Britain's share of occupn- ,Ion costs.) (2) The United States, Britain and France will begin early exploration of the feasibility of unifying nil Western Germany politically, possibly leading to a provisional Western German government. (3) There will be tremendous in- jrease In American support especially In Congress for the Marshall quatc" clothing for all members of the family, taking Into account variations in dress habits by geographical localities. "A few average purchases serve to illustrate the general level of the clothing budget: For the husband, one heavy wool suit every two years, one light wool suit every three years, five shirts and two pairs of shoes each year: "For the wife, a heavy wool coat! every four years, four dresses and three pairs of shoes each year." | Annual clothing costs for the "typical" family in the survey ran between $400 and $415. The budget also included funds for good medical and dental care, good transportation, and Incidental goods and services. Transportation costs—which covered both local and lonfi distance- traveling—ranged from $183 to *2SQ a year at June price levels. Medical and dental care ran from Ian, since the East and the West | a low of $132 In Mobile to $222 In have had the issue between them Los Angeles, drawn so sharply. It was the Marshall plan which doomed this conference from the start. Marshall was determined to do nothing that would help it. He has sworn to wreck it at all costs. It was obvious that although the ministers talked about Germany they were thinking of the Marshall plan and acting accordingly. Neither side wanted agreement over Germany at this time badly enougn to make the concessions such agreement would require. Marshall decided before the se.s- Firecirms Charge Filed Against Texas Bandit Duo LITTLE ROCK, Alk., Dec. 18 (UP) —Two Texas men today faced charges of illegal possession nnr 1 transportation of firearms. The charges were filed with U. S Commissioner Lee Niles yesterday by Rex P. Hayes, investigator for the alcohol lax unit of the Treasury Department. Nnmeci, in the charges were Lawrence W. Trasl Something AUt .V 1-lfFjfyf y •3*Wtf INTEGRITY CRAFTSMANSHIP TAADJT1ON WO TOF MtEWMG CO. ONONNA It's Better to be eagram's SEAGRAM'S 7 CROWN BLENDED WHISKEY. 655'. Guin Neutral Spirits. 86.S Proof. S«»iTim- Distillers Corpoution, Chrysler Building, NevvYoik Bo.re» Hamilton, Little Rock, Ark., - - - Distributors THIS FASTER, FINER SERVICE MERCURY-SKILLED MECHANICS—Our mechanics ate experts ia handling your car's service needs, and they are interested in your satisfaction on every job. MERCURY SERVICE METHODS-The latest precision tools and equipment, plus factory-standard service methods, save you time and money. What's more, work is delivered on time... as promised. GENUINE MERCURY PARTS—When replacement pans are needed, you know you are getting the ones best suited for your car—Genuine Mercury Parts, made for trouble-free driving. STILL & YOUNG MOTOR CO. Lincoln-Mercury Dealer Phone 3479 112 Walnut St. FOR REAL MERCURY SERVICE, ALWAYS SEE YOUR MERCURY DEALER! A MATUEAL AID FOB Rhumatism Kidney/ Bladder Thta NaUral Mineral Water from Met Hprincs, Arkansas, Helps to— 1. Stimulate kidney function. 1 Soothe bladder irritation. ). Neutralise uric-acidity, A. Discharge systemic wastes. Why not . give Mountain Valley a trial? It has helped many thousands. Delightful to drink. CROSSTOWN WHISKEY SHOP Main and Division BIytheville, Ark. DAVID B. ANDERSON MASON CONTRACTOR Brick Work oi Quality Boiler Work and Remodeling a Specially E. Davis St. Phone 4641 Come To Our 10YLAND! It's the most, complete toy [- display in BIytheville. LOOK AT THIS— 16 In. TRICYCLES 19.95 Overland COASTER WAGON ... 18.93 All Kinds Dulls Doll Buggies ... Christmas Tree LIGHTS $1.98 op .$1.95 up $2.89 BLAN HEATH Auto & HOME SUPPLY Phone 828 419 West Main Street FARM DITCHES DRAGLINE EXCAVATION R. M. HEUCHAN P. O. Box 883 CONTRACTOR BIytheville, Ark. Phone 4821 First National Insurance Agency FOR COMPLETE PROTECTION Phone 2311 108 North 2nd St. BILL WILSON CHARLES BITTNER Have You Tried Bowling? -4- eg ulation 10 Pin Alleys! Enjoy This Healthful Sport Regularly at CHITWOOD'S 10 PIN BOWLING ALLEY In 500 Block on East Main Street Phone 4929 FARM DITCHES DITCH BANK LEVELING PRIVATE ROADS OR ANY EXCAVATION S.J.COHEN Contractor LYNCH BLDG. BLYTHEVILLE ARK. • Phone, 3646awl2B15

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