The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 12, 1947 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, December 12, 1947
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BLYTHEVILnrCOUKIER NEWS 1'HK ("HIM IN A NT Mfc'USKOADE'D f\li- Wrf-kOTLJ t^A WP Al>Lf*ue»ko . kin ^.^....^...n. .„- _ _ ' " * ^^^ 1'HE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHKABT ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAS1 MISSOURI VOL. XLIV—NO. 220 BlythevUle Courier BlythevUl* Dally New* Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevlll* Herald BLYTHEV1LLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAy, DECEMBER 17, 1947 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLl CX)PIEg FIVH CENT* Leachville Man Wins Trophy in Soybean Contest Award is Presented By Ed Critz at Dinner for Growers Ed Critz, former county agent here now district soil conservationist at Fayetteville, last night presented Earl Wildy, Leachville planter. with the "Ed Crltz Trophy" as first place winner of the first annual Soybean Yield Contest and told nearly 75 North Mississippi County .farmers, BlythevUle business men and members of the Junior Chamber of Commerce that "the soy is a miracle bean." Presentation of this trophy, at an award banquet held at the First Methodist Church, marked the culmination of a-yield per acre competition originated early this year by the Soybean Planning Committee and sponsored by the Junior Chamber of Commerce. Twenty- one North'-Mississippi County planters entered the contest, awards In which were based on the yield per •ere of a five-acre plot. Charley Wiley of BlythevUle on both the 975 second prize and the $25 third place award. He won both the $75 Kcond prize and of which yielded 38.37 bushels per acre and the other, 37.08 bushels per acre. ^ Mr. Wildy also won a $100 cash •Prize. His first-place winning plot ^yielded 40.52 bushels per acre. Floyd Rector of Roseland received honorable mention, his plot yielding 36.55 bushels per acre. Ogden variety seed was used by all three planters. Stressing both the active and latent capabilities of the soybean, Mr. See .IAYCEE AWARD on Page 11 Loos* Talk Expensive When He-Man Collects $50 tor Plunge in Lake MANILA. Ark., Dec. 12. — Lee Long, chunky-built farmer with a slow drawl of Southern speech, doesn't object to cold weather or even spine-chilling waters when he can make $50 in less than one mln- meter hovering around the freez- ute. It all started with the Uiermo- Ing point when some one said. "B-r-rl" I'd hate to fall out of a duck-boat in the lake today, "and Jim Pipkins remarked. "Yes, or even Jump out. In fact" he said "I'd give $50 to see anybody Jump in the water today." "By Grab!" Lee Long drawled. "Let's go! Show me the color of your money and I'll show you some wet clothes." Lee Baker, city marshal, Newt Moore, constable, Luke Stuart, and mg and Pipkins drove to Hutton's Ditch near Manila and Long dived in, clothes and all. Expert Says Soybeans Have Key Role In Helping Solve World Food Shortage and Aiding Industries Stressing the role of the soybean in solving the continued acuU shortage of fata and oils and its usefulness as human food and an industrial product, George M. Strayer of Hudson, la., executive secretary of the American Soybean Association, said here lust night that this crop will be one of the tilings that will help writs th« pence of the world. Speaking at the first annual Soybean Yield Contest award banquet at the First Methodist Church, Mr. Strayer, who also is editor of the Soybean Digest, urged an Increase in soybean production next year but said he foresaw a shrinkage in IMS acreage due to a heavy simultaneous demand for other U.S. staple crops tuch as corn, He predicted "production of fats and oils will go down instead of up and at a time when they are »o badly needed." Beans Used for Food He also predicted: 1. Larger quantities of soybean meal in Industrial usage. At pres- Marshall Raps Propagandists Against Peace Bj R. R. Shackford (United Press SUff Correspondent) . LONDON, Dec. 12 (UP)—Secretary of State George C. Marshal urged the American ind British people to proolr*^ -tsB!«k~«:.i__a ^relationship" 'fear o£ criticl aces no one, li»i*la »» one.' r "On the contrary^ it is truly ben- eficient in its influence on world de- •/.velopmente," Marshall said. » Speaking at a dinner in his honor by the Pilgrims Society, Marshal brushed aside complaints of thosi who see "calculated political com binatlons" in anglo-American relations. He predicted a rosy future for Anglo-American relations despite the fenrs of some that differences in economic systems would obstruct "this natural' development In the •future." The American and British people, he added, are not given to "fanatical devlotion to any one doctrine except the doctrine' of liberty.*' Does Not Mention Soviets "We must not conjure up imaginary ghosts when so many real factors are at large in the wrold today," Marshall said. "We should proclaim the existence of a relationship unique in history. It is a relationship which menaces no one, harms no one." Marshall did not mention the Soviet Union. But his references to Anglo-American relations made it unnecessary for him to point out the problem of unsatisfactory relations between the Western powers and Russia. Indirectly he was answering Soviet charges that there was something venal about the Anglo-American re- ^ttionship, and that it was directed ^Kfainst Russia. He denounced propagandists who have Installed a fear of war in the common people of the world. Asserting that the people are "sick to death of war, he said: "We must make a supreme effort, I think, to brush aside such In- sinutations (by Propagandists I and rise above our difficulties In what might be termed a spiritual conquest of our present weakness and frailties. We must restore the belief that we can al] live togelher In peace and understanding." Marshall said the greatest trouble today "Is a spiritual apathy that is not an unnatural result of the horrors Inflicted during the past years Smart is Elected C. of C. President New Directors Pick Officers for 1948, Plan Annual Dinner C. Murray Smart, co-owner of Lemons Furniture Co., was elected president of the Blytheville Chamber of Commerce yesterday at a Joint meeting of retiring and newly-elected members of the Board of Directors in City Hall, He succeeds Farmer England. J. L. Gunn, superintendent at Swift Oil Mill, was elected flrst vice president and W. C. Higginson, manager of Blytheville Cotton Oil Co., was named second vice president. W. J. Pollard, head of Pollard Insurance Agency, was re-elected treasurer and Worth D. Holder was re-elected secretary. Other retiring officers are Alvin Huffman • Jr., first vice president, and W. F. McDaniel, second vice president. Mr. Smart also is president of the Blytheville Retail Merchants Association and secretary of the Lions Club. He also served on the Chamber's Board of Directors last year- All officers were elected by acclamation and took office immediately following the ejection. Before being Joined by the newly - ent, he said, It i* more valuable aa human food, but the time is coming for greater industrial use. 2. "We arc going to have to work soybean raising Into balance farm- Ing because we will use all meal and oil produced for several years." 3. The soybean will .play a more important part in feeding the world as the U.S. moves into the next decade. 4. That one of the major factors in Mississippi County in the next five to 10 years will be marketing of oil and meal in Europe. Using "Don't Sell the Soybean 1 Short" as his subject, Mr. Strayer pointed out that th« government has asked for an increase in soybean production In 1948 because of the continued shortage of fals and oils. However.' he said, fat* and oils are »o short In Hie MB. that thik nation will be unable lo 1111 "Its commitments for shipping them to other parts of the world during the next quarter. Hnuth'« Acreage Doubled Oil is not forthcoming from pic- war sources such as the Philippines »nd the East, he said, and the U.S. even has to ship .soybeans back to China and ManchuvJa, from where S« SOYHKANS on Pal* 4 formally set up for 1948 and surplus money from 1947 operating costs were transferred to this fund. This practice will be followed at the end of er.ch yesr and they, money will be used for bringing new industries to Blytheville. Mr. Smart said yesterday that committees for 1948 will be announced later and plans for. the coming year will be discussed at the Board's January meeting. A three-man committee was named to handle arrangements for the innual Chamber of Commerce banquet to be held in February. The committee consists of Farmer England, chairman,' B. A. Lynch "and B. G. West. A vote of thanks was given Mr. England for his work as president of the Chamber during the past year. Members of the Board of Directors who began serving the second and final year of their terms yesterday are Kusseli Hays, Mr. Higginson, Mr. Huffman Jr., Mr. McDaniel, R. A. Nelson, W. B. Nichols,on. Marvin Nunn, Jerry Poe, Mr. Pollard, Mr. Smart, Jarncs Terry and C. F. Tucker. Incoming and retiring members were announced yesterday. House GOPs Seek Early Inflation Curb 20 Killed as C-47 Falls at Memphis ' Latest Tragedy Brings Death Toll to 45 for Air Force This Week By William J. Fox United Press Staff Correspondent MEMPHIS, Tenn.. Dec. 12. (UP) —Army investigators searched today through the blackened wreckage of a C-47 transport plane that crashed with a blinding flash near the Memphis airport last night, killing at least 20 and possibly 21 army officers and men. The plane was coming in for a landing when it tore through a grove of. trees and exploded in an open field three miles short of the landing strip. Everyone aboard was killed instantly. Twenty bodies were recovered, but Capt. Charles Carmichael, public relations officer for the 468th Air Force Base unit here, said other body parts had been found and rhcrc may have been a 21st passen- scr aboard. The total of 20 balanced with the plant's manifest, but base surgeon Capt. H. J. Goodall also said the bodies were "so badly battered that there may be one other." Some furlough papers were found near the plane, indicating that .some of the pasSengers were on : their'way --home for Christmas i leaves.---^Tie possible 21st .victim "blight have been a "hitchhiker." , "'The plane was enroute here from j as important as the anti-inflation WASHINGTON, Dec. 12. (UP) — Republican leaders will attempt to force their anti-Inflation program through the House Monday under suspension of the rules to block Democratic amendments, It was learned today. Suspension of the rules a two-thirds vote of the House. If adopted, however, It would bar amendments and would limit debate to 20 minutes on each aide. Democrats hope to offer amendments which would put more leeth Into the GOP bill and bring it more Into line with President Truman's recommended 10-polnt antl-lnfln- tfon program. The President asked Franco-Russian Impasse Debated Notional Assembly Gathers Facts on Impending Break PARIS, Dec. 12 (UP) — The I National Assembly, the supreme ' authority of the Fourth Republic rapidly deteriorating rela- tlons with Russia (oday. Anolher note In the series o ( sharp diplomatic exchanges between the Soviet snd French governments was scheduled to be dc Ilveied by the foreign office to the Russian embassy. I The note will answer/ Russlai protests over the arrest and ex> for stand-by wage and price con- puls i on of 19 Sov | el cltlzcns tnre( trol powers. | weeks ago for fomenting disorder For example, the Democrats during the .Communlst-led strikes Minister of Justice and Acting Foreign Minister Andre Marie an Minister of War Veterans Francois Mitterand will outline the event leading up to the tense relation between France and Russia fo the assembly. Then the Russian rupture of trad' negotiations out o! which Franc had hoped to get 30.000 tons o Democrats want to make the GOP-proposed voluntary allocations plan compulsory. They also want to include a. provision extending rent control for a year beyond Its scheduled expiration date of Feb. 29. Republican leaders have indicated they didn't Intend doing anything about rent controls at the special session. Chairman Leo Allen, R., HI., of the House .Rules Committee, told a reporter his group would -pot review the anti-inflation legislation before It Is presented on the House floor. This Is. the suspension-of-the-., procedure. Normally., all bill* wheat and the mutual expulsion o I rep at rat Ion mission! will be dc bated. Mitterandalso was achedulcd Biggs Field, El Paso, Tex., on an administrative flight. Its home base was Aberdeen, Md. Four Majors Killed It wis disclosed that the victims measure go through the rules com- mlttee _ , ,, , . , .. The Republican ami U to get the bill to the Senate late House GOP leaders have been ad- . mBjorlty an d , and the want and have followed. despair which Price Roll-Back Bill Offered by Schwellenbach WASHINGTON, Dec. 12. (UP)— Secretary of Schwellenbacl: Labor Lewis B. submitted a price control bill to Congress today- call- Ing for a roll back of essential of commodity prices to the levels last June. Schwellenbach said he would submit a proposal for wage controls I ,»,ter. His letter did not indicate I Wicther President Truman endorsed the price control proposals. Under Schwellenbach's formula the price control program would be rcstriclcd to commodities basically affecting the cost of living or the costs of agricultural or industrial production, or essential to U. S. foreign policy. Soybeans (Prices f.o.b. Chicago) open high , low close Mar. .... 389 369 38414 385 386 . , , Majer, minister of flnanc and economy, will open conference m ^ wlth Monday. I sentaUyes of „„„, the Corntmmls hqn-Communlst m confcdcra were four army majors, two cap- I vised that the Republican bill may , ,, or | tj , , of t))e tains, one first lieutenant, and the I run lnto more difficulty "»"« | tion of Labor Senate where the Republicans have j He Iatw wfl , ^ 1( , i(|( , r5 of a smaller majority than nl the | an tj.communist Christian Work House. ..,1.1 J»rs Federation and representalivi Republican leaders on both sides I k , Nntlonnl Councl i or p^r,,, of the capltol hope that Congress.] will be able to adjourn by next' remainder, enlisted men. Several were described as convalescents Irom the Letterman General Hospital in San Francisco. Carmichael said 17 bodies had j been positively identified by name 12. was Defense Witnesses Heard in Murder Case PARAGOULD, Ark.. Dec. (U.P.) — Defense testimony presented today in the trial of Dr G. R. McClure, Paragould physi cian who is facing a murder charge in the death of Mrs. Al lene janes at Little Rock May 7. Mrs. Janes. 23, died following an allegedly illegal operation. .Yesterday Chester Faulkner, Paragould barber, testified he had shaved Dr. McClure on May 7 and that the physician was ill but not intoxicated as charged in one of three Indictments. Other witnesses included Donald Janes, 24-year-old divorced hus-l band of Mrs. Janes who said the' decree became final April 28; Dr.' James S. Growden of Little Rock; John Schultz, father of Mrs Janes; and Miss Willene Schultz'. a sister. Dr. Growden, who assisted In an autopsy performed following Mrs. Janes' death, testified that doctors found a "high state" peritonitis, many abscesses J badly decayed Intestines. Little Rock Contractor Gets Leachville Project A contract for addition of two filters to the Leachville Iron removal plant was awarded to the Charles Williams Construction Co. of Little Rock on a low bid of $5,991 yesterday. The job also calls for an addition to the building housing this waterworks equipment. Work Is expected lo begin about the first of the year. Mayor John Hannl said this morning, and will last about 60 days. A contract for extension of the waterworks distribution system, to Include an area South of Leachville expected to be annexed to the town will be let about the middle of Jan- and that the "6ther three or four" were still unidentified. He said two of the victims were Negroes. Army authorities at Biggs Field withheld the names on the passenger list pending notification of next of kin. Caiue of the crash was not known, but Capt. Carmichael said "weather was apparently not a factor." Maj. Eugene Pitts of Clarksdale, Miss., appointed emergency Air Force investigator at the scene, began an immediate inquiry into the cause of the accident. Forty-five persons have been killed in lour Air Force crashes in the past three clays, the worst series of accidents since the Air Force became an independent arm of the military defenses, Another 20 still were missing with a C-47 which disappeared two weeks ago today between PLsa, Italy, and Fiankfurt, Germany. Rescue Operations Continue Rescue operations continued at Goose Bay, Labrador, where a helicopter brought out survivors of a four-engined transport which crashed Tuesday night killing 23 of 29 persons aboard. All 10 crew members aboard a B-29 Superfortress were injured, none seriously, when it made a crash landing with two engines afire in a pasture near Medical Lake, Wash., last night. The fourth crash, in which two were killed and four injured, occurred at Andrews Field, Washington, D. C., on Wednesday night, when a C-47 cargo plane crashed as it was coming in for a radar landing. At Goose Bay, the six survivors of the C-54 crash were to be flown to Washington, for treatment ai Walter Reed Hospital. A survivor, Lt. Col. Harry J. Bullis, of Portland, Wash., described the cause of the crash as a "power failure." He said the plane came "almost to a stop In midair" before it smashed to earth in the subarctic wasteland. The B-29 crash at Medical Lake was the thiid Superfortress smashup In two months. A B-29 crashed on Mount Spokane Nov. 13, killing live of seven crew members, and another crashed at Wilbur, Wash., Nov. 4, with all seven crewmen saved. weekend. ' The • four-point Republican anti- inflation bill came out of the House Banking Committee yesterday virtually unchanged. Missco Gins 777,522 Bales To December 1 Despite a sharp drop in cotton gtnnings in Mississippi County during November, total giniilngs for the first three months of the 1947 cotton season continued to .show considerable Increase over the same period last year according to ginning figures announced today by Chester C. Danehower of Osceola, official cotton statistician for the county. Reports on ginnings In the county showed that total of 179,935 bales were ginned prior to Dec. 1 compared with 171,522 ginned during the same period last year. The October report on ginnings showed 160,575 bales were ginned prior to Oct. 1 Indicating that 19,360 bales were ginned during November. Jrain Gamblers' Names Withheld : rom Committee GOP Senator Says Administration Refuses Request WASHINGTON. Dec. 12. (UP) — en. Homer Ferguson, R., Mich., aid today the administration 1ms cfused (o give Congress the names 1 the largo speculators on the ommodlly markets. Ferguson mndc llio disclosure as he Senate- Appropriation Commtt- ee began questioning Edwin W. 'ttliloy. special assistant to Sccre- nry of Army Kenneth C. noyttll, bout alleged "gambling" on Hi'itln nrkuls. Chairman Styles Bridges, H.. N. )., opened the hearing with a hnrgc that prominent persons close o the administration had been sticking knives in the hearts of umsry peoples" while posing ns great Imimmllarinns," Bridges had said It would "be hocking" If the nrfmcs were re- enled. But Ferguson snld the director ol 'resident Tinman's "cabinet com- uodlty committee" had refused to urn over to tho committee the lames of Individuals with grain 'ulures holding ol 200,000 bushels or more, The director said the law pro- ilblted him from giving such information to Congress, Ferguson reported. Ferguson IMKagree* The Michigan Senator disagreed. He said the law was passed primarily for tlic benefit of Congress. Ferguson said the cabinet committee comprised Secretary of AK- rlculture Clinton P. Anderson, attorney General Tom Clark and Secretary of Commerce W. Avcrell Hnrrlnmn. He referred to the director us "Mr. Mchl." J. M. Mchl is administrator o[ tho conunody exchange authority. Bridges' committee directed Us immediate Investigation at the 44- year-old Paulcy, millionaire ioriner Democratic national treasurer, fn & statement to the committee Pauley said lie bad liquidated most of his grain holdings in accordance with an agreement with Royall nt the time he became the secretary's assistant last September. Violence Spreads In Holy Land and Death Toll Grows JERUSALEM, Dec. 12. (U.P.)—Jewish-Arab violence spread to almost every part of Palestine today, with British authorities reporting a 24-hour death toll of 40 persons. The official casualty toll listed 25 dead Arabs, 15 dead *Je\vs, and 67 injured. Troops were posted throughout th» old city of Jerusalem today after » night of sporadic shooting climaxed by a daylight bombing or the newspaper Al Wahda, mouthpiece .of th» exiled grand mufti 8f Jerusalem. The heaviest casualties were suffered In rural areas, where tempers were beginning to flame. Jews in an organized Attack raided the village of Tlra, North of Haifa, starting fires and throwing bombs. In a> battle which continued for several hours. 12 persons died. Bedouins hid In the darkness along Police Disperse Strikers in Rome Communist Drive Seems to Be On Verge of Failure HOME. Dec. 12. (U.P.)—Two Communist deputies were beaten today In a bloody brawl between 200 policemen and 3,000 strikers when general ntrlke violence broke out In the public square outside the Parliament Building. The Comimmlsl-lcd general strike and Province of Rome be on the verge of In the city seemed to failure. Scores of thousands" went back to work despite brisk action by flying wnmds of OommunlsU struggling lo enforce the walkout. Small scale and short-lived skirmishes were fought at hundreds of points. Police routed tho Communist slroiiKarni bands with Jeep truck charges and swinging clubs. The miUiluiullng Communist casualties were two deputies, one ol them a famous leader of the w«r- tlmc partisans, In the flareup outside the Parliament Building. The deputies mauled by police were Qiullano Pftjetta, who suffer cd a bloody nose, MoxcAtcllI, former partisan brigades. Police Scatter Crowds They and other members of Parliament were in the restive crowd the Jerusalem-Hebron road, and ambushed a group of Jews. Ten of the Jews were killed. The bodies of three other Jews were found burled In the sand near Bccrshcba. The bodies were mutilated. The victims were identified «« three men missing after an Arab attack on a Jewish settlement. Two' other Jews still are missing. Jews Seize Initiate Members of the Jewish under ground seized the initiative in other purl* of Palestine, with scores of knifings, beatings and shootings being reported officially. A bomb tossed Into an Arab but at Haifa killed three Arabs. Snlpimj from rooftops In Jerusalem's old city killed three Arabs. Jews «t Ramlch shot an Arab guard to death, and bombed two Arab garages. ' The Irgun Zval Leuml Jewish underground organization, which which tiled to prevent private transportation trucks from opcrat », tviiu nuiivi-i - . . .. " ' • •and Vincenzo! '°"Bh' so effectively against the Brl- loador of 16 tlsl) wns known to bo in action against Arabs. Irgunhtd stole a truck last night and used It to throw out five injured, as three of the five bomb* Ing In Parliament Square In flnncc of the strike order. de- France answered Russia's pro teal about the raiding and closln of Camp Beauregard, a Russia repatriation center near Paris, wit a stiff note yesterday. In .diplomat language, France accused tl Russians of using the camp to remove French citizens to Russia against their wfll. Sixty persons had been spirited through the camp to Russia without the knowledge or permission of French authorities, the note said France also polnled out that repatriation camps in Russia were administered by Russians, while French authorities were allowed In Cnrnp Beauregard only to deliver food and clothing. WlliA 3S114A uary, Mayor.Hannl *aid. New York Cotton Mar. May July Oct open 3627 3587 3459 3158 36W high low 3630 3610 3591 3571 3463 3445 3165 3147 3*44 Mil 1:30 362] 3585 3462 3165 M25 Osceo/cr Woman's Mother Dies in Woodward, Okla. OSCEOLA, Dec. 12. — M. O. Murphy, 70, of Woodward. Okla.. father of Mrs. IJoyd Gortlcy of Osceola, died In a Woodward hospital early this morning It was learned here today. Mr. and Mrs. Godley left by car this morning for Woodward to attend the funeral services which will be held there Sunday. Besides Mrs. Godley, lie leaves hLs wife, and one other daughter, Mrs. Roy Brandenburg of Stillwell, Okla., formerly of Osceola. Frenchman, in Blytheville to Purchase Cotton, Lauds New Premier's Policies 000 bushels; cotton Keed oil, 300,OCO pounds; lard, 60,000 pounds; hides, 43 contracts. He said the grain holdings and 80 per cent of the other futures had been liquidated at a "substantial profit.' He snld he would "be glad" to submit his books to the committee to show hi.s exact profits. Ailnills Nuking Profit In a. prepared statement, he had said he was $100,000 "worse off" than If he had held the commitments. But under questioning Panley said he had made an "overall" profit. He said lie "went Into thrj market lo make a profit" atul that he had done "fairly well." fVrguson called attention to recent public statements of President Truman, Anderson nml Clark blaming high commodity prices in part on speculation. He asked Pau- lcy If any of them knew he had large holdings. Pauley first replied they did not, fur as he knew. He said later he assumed that Anderson did because of his official knowledge of lioldings of al] large traders. "I have no reason to believe that the President knew IN any way about my business transactions," Paulcy said. He reiterated that he had advised Royall of his commodity dealings when he accepted the temporary post is special assistant to the secretary. He said that since then he had instructed his civilian office staff to liquidate his holdings In "an orderly manner ... in at least six months." Bridges' chiugc was made ns his committee opened hearings into the commodity market dealings. The New Hampshire Republican said: "It will be shocking to this nation if some of those names are revealed." A former member of the French 'underground was In Blytheville yesterday, pursuing his much more peaceful post-war occupation of cotton mill bu-"!r. He is Ber • d Delafos.se of Le" Havre, France, who Is at present associated with Patton Brothers cotton buying firm In Memphis. He was accompanied here by H. C. Patton of the Memphis firm. Mr. Dclafowe has been in this country for the past five months and expects to remain here for a year before returning to Le Harve. This is his first trip to the Uniled States and he said Yesterday that he was surprised orr his arrival to note the plentiful supplies of food in this country. All Europe, he said, Is in need of food and other American aid. The Marshall plan Is "very good," he said. France, Mr. Dclafosse said, needs cotton but has not the money to pay for It. In pre-war days, cotton goods were high on the list of exports leaving Le Havre, then rated as France's second busiest commercial seaport. Mr. Del a fosse slated that M per cent of the French people did not like the Communists and that while ther* !• much Uoubl* ther* now, the situation will improve in the near future. Robert Schumann, the newly- elected French premier, In capable of leading the French out of the present turmoil, Mr. Delafosse believes. He also said he felt that the strained relations between Russia and France will eventually break. Mr. Delafossexsald he has spent most of his time here in Memphis and New Orleans. He is purchasing cotton for his father, * Le Havre cotton merchant—equivalent to a mill buyer In the U. s. He said he expected lo make ad ditlonal trips to the U. s. after his year's visit ends. He expects to return every few years, he said, as U. S. and French business men alter' nate visits lo the other's country. In addition to his service wlti the underground, Mr. Delafosse also served for a year In the French Army. Unmarried, be has A brother attending Cambridge University In England. His mother was killed In a U. S. bombing raid over France. Mr. Patton said that an employe of the Memphis cotton firm was studying French at Southwestern College In Memphis In preparation Foot police and 10 Jeci> loads of mobile police rushed tho crowd with flying nightsticks. Both pa- Jcttn and Moscatolll came under the blows. Under tho police charge the crowd scattered, and the beat- in . deputies aritl, two others rutfi ed into parliament/ which then •was in session, •' '' Two truckloads of strikers, about 40. wore arrested. The interior ministry revealed Hint 90,000 military men and po lice had been mobilized for the strike cither lor duty In the streets or alerted In barracks Those on active duty were disi persiug crowds of strikers as fnst as Ihny Iried to assemble, and also were guarding the gates of the old Roman walls. Tho Chamber of Labor announced at midday that Die strike, which was becoming less effective by " ' ' - lo . _ other categories so far unaffected unless an agreement were reached Deputies In assembly corridors were discussing the possibility ol the strike spreading to Northern Italy If It continued to go badly In Rome wlthoul sufficient con- tile hour, would be expanded 'ucludc national railways and ave Communist The Christian Democrat Party 35-Degree Maximum Gives City Coldest Day Before Arrival of Winter Although extremely light and of brief duration, the first snow of the season'fell here yesterday, the coldest day so far this season by an eight-degree margin. The few flakes of snow fell In late afternoon and melted before hitting the ground. And Wednesday's record as Ihe coldest day this season fell by the way side yesterday the mercury moved sluggishly to a high of only 35 degrees. The high was 43 degrees Wednesday. The mercury again dipped below the freezing level as It hit a low of 3o degrees during last night, according to Hobcrt E. Biaylock, official weather observer. to returning Delafow*. to France with Mr. Strikers Close Exchange MILAN. Dec. 12. (UP)—The Milan stock exchange was forced to close loday when demonslrators invaded the Moor, protesting againsl ex- Icndcd speculation. Weather ARKANSAS — Continued cold tonight. Low temperatures 24 to 32 tonight. Saturday fair and lit-' Ue change in temperature. called for volustccrs to clear the streets of garbage. It was piling up and threatening the public health. Stores Stay Open ' By noon, police frolccted army trucks were bringing Irousnnds anl housands of workers into the city. Scores of" thousands had come to work In the morning. Banks, shops, the stock exchange, Catholic schools and all government offices were operating. 'flic Communist squads operated mostly outside the inner part of the city, which was too heavily guarded for them. United Press corrcsjx>ndents watched one Communist operation In the Piazza Quiidriila where a perfume shop a fur shop, a watch shop and two bars had opened. The Communists arrived in six groups of six each and ordered the places to close. Al Ihe walch shop Ihe routine went like this: The communists loudly threatened Ire proprietor. He listened to them for a minute, then pulled out a big revolver and covered them until the police came. The police swooped down on the Piazy.l in jeeps, whacking right-and-left with rifle butts and nightsticks. The communists made off, but six were captured and carted oft to Jpall. The shops they had come to close stayed open, and businessmen all round began to open trelr place. It was like that in hundreds of places, In many of which strikers tried to prevent private trucks from loading passengers. The Ministry of Interior said at 11 a.m. that the Incidents were "not worth mention." Communist Headquarters In Lyon, France, Bombed LYON, Fiance, Dec. 12. (UP) —. A violent explosion heavily damaged the main floor of the Communist Headquarters building today and broke windows hi dozens, of nearby buildings. No one was injured, however. The explosion occurred between 3 a.m. and 4 a.m., and firemen and police immediately surrounded the area. The police started an investigation. failed to explode. Eleven Jews and 10 Arabs wer« tilled by bombs, atbblng and am- bushers yesterday, raising the total to 144 since Nov. 29. Thirty-one persons were wounded yesterday. Mayors Plead for Peace Mayor Israel Rok.ah of'Tel Avi* and Mayor Yussuf Helkai of Jaffa promised to Issue appears rir'peac* .between their citizens; Somi'of th* worst, flghtingi since the anhbujice- ment of'the partition plan ban'taken place between Jaffa nnd'Tel Aviy. ' The Ineunlst bombing of "Yaitour promotly touched off a riot, ia'which one Jew was killed and five Jews aiid one Arab were wouiLUed. ' • ". After the bombing, a Jew trying to drive a truck through the villag* : was shot and killed. A little later, a Jewish convoy.escorted .by Jewish police started through. The Arab villagers opened fire on the convoy—It Included a bus as well as trucks—and wounded five Jews. Th« Jewish police started shooting at oncoming • Arab motorists" who shot back at the police. British Assistant District Commissioner E.C.Kggins, who was unarmed, finally slopped the shooting; He and Ws wife, who were driving from Rnmleh to Jaffa, took shelter in a ditch when the bullets itartcd flying. But Egglns raised up and holding a hnnderchief walked to the police, i They ceased fire. He persuaded them to stop shooting and then ran up and down the road, asking Jews and Arabs to quit firing. Robbers Get $2,100 From Store Owner Missouri officers toaay were continuing search for the two unmasked bandits who held up the Ed'i din glen Sloje near Ihe Arkansas- Missouri state line Wednesday night and escaped with $2,100 cash. Pcmiscot County Sheriff John Hosier of Caruthersville reported no new developments In the case. No arrests have been made. According to reports of the robbery, Dale Eddington, the 70-year- old owner of the combination grocery and whiskey store, was alone in Ihe slore at the time of th« robbery. He said that the two men walked into the store and one ordered some whiskey and when h» reached for the whiskey he was told to keep his hands up and^eep facing the wall. One gunman kept the slore owner covered with a pistol while th* other ransacked the cash register amd safe and "then escaped in 3k waiting automobile. The escape car was a black coupe, Mr. Eddington said. Included in the money taken was $1.480 in $10 bills and 1500 pennies. The remainder was In twenties, ones and fives, he said. New York Stocks I p.m. Stock* AT&T .... Amer -Tobacco Anaconda copper Beth Steel Chrysler Coca Cola Gen Electric ........... . Gen Motors ... Montgomery Ward ..... . Int Harvester Radio Studebaker ..... . Standard of N J ........ Texas Corp. . ......... .... Packard .... U S Steel .............. ;. 150314 65 1|2 337;g 9831* 62 1|4 171 343J4 57 87 1]2 10 20118 76112 57SJ 45.S 76

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