The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 10, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, August 10, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL XII -X MA ioft ij-ytheville Courier Mississippi Valley Leader TUU. A1AA—ISO, lap Blytheville Daily Newi Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, AUGUST 10, 1953 TEN PAGES X-RAY CLINIC OPENS — A seven-day free chest x-ray clinic opened here today with the State Health Department's mobile unit located at the Health Unit. Shown beginning the three-step process of getting a chest x-ray, Orville Standfield (left) of near Luxora registers in the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association office. As Dr. W. W. Workman (center photo) is x-rayed by a. technician, another Blytheville physician, Dr. F. E. Utley, looks on. After being x-rayed, Mrs. J. W. O'Neal (right), chairman of the Tuberculosis Association's Christmas'seal sale at Huffman, receives from Mrs. Joe Warren of Blytheville a button showing she has participated in the x-ray clinic. (Courier News Photos) Red-Sympathizers Returned, PWs Say By JIM BECKER FREEDOM VILLAGE (AP) — Americans freed from Red prison stockades said to- Bay Red-indoctrinated U. S. prisoner are among those returning—including 30 "progressives" en route home to preach communism in the United States. Cpl. Leslie E. Scales, 22, of Folsomville, Ind., said the 30 were members of his 306- man company at Camp 5 in Pyoktong on the Yalu River. * * * * * * Homeward Trek Begins For Released Prisoners By WILLIAM J. WATJGH PANMUNJOM. (AP)— Seventeen disabled but happy Americans left Tokyo tonight by plane for the United States, leaving behind grim months in North Korean prison camps. Another 328 Americans boarded* ^ , . a Navy transport in Inchon harbor and will sail for home tomorrow. About 1,800 D. S. Marines returning home on regular rotation also are aboard the ship, the 'Gen. Nelson M. Walker. The big Air Force plane carrying the vanguard of more than 3.000 Americans scheduled to be liberated in the massive prisoner exchange took off from Tokyo's Haneda Airport at 7:07 p.m. (4:07 a.m., CST, Monday). Although destination and landing time were not given, the transport probably will set down at Travis Air Force Base near San Francisco about noon Tuesday. -The ship probably will take about two weeks to cross the Pacific to Seattle or San Francisco. Monday saw 389 more Allied soldiers return from North Korean stockades—laughing, happy Americans, British and Turks, and 189 i on iy u South Koreans, many of them hu- feeders Livestock Loans Here FHA Soys Funds Authorized to Help Drought-Hit farmers Drought disaster livestock loans to farmers and stockmen who need credit to buy feed and pay operating costs are now available. Dilnius H. Hearnsbergej, county, supervisor of the Farmers Home Administration, said today. Authorized shortly before adjournment of this session of Con- on°y '"* man wrecks. Panmunjom's mood '/ sharply between sadness and gaiety Sunday, depending on what nationality was on the trucks. The 125 Americans and 25 Turks all appeared in good condition. The British, 50 in all, were in excellent Grim Scene But there were grim faces among tough U. S. Marines who unloaded Bed ambulances loaded with Wasted, emaciated BOK soldiers. ' And cynical Communist press photographers largely stayed away since the South Korean living dead offered no propaganda possibilities for them. There were 200. non-Koreans exchanged Monday. It was the first day that more non-Koreans than ROKs have been returned. Early Monday the Reds suddenly announced they were substituting 25 more Americans and 25 more British for 50 South Koreans. Whether this was merely a mixup in the Red schedule or had some deeper significance remained to be seen. There was speculation the Reds made the sudden switch to avoid delivering the ghastly ROK llttei cases before the eyes of India's Foreign Minister R. j. Nehru.' Nehru Present Nehru, a member of the Neutral Nations Advisory Commission which will oversee prisoners who refuse repatriation, reached P: munjom -in time to witness the third hourly delivery of prisoners This was the exchange group that was switched by the Reds. Tuesday's group, the Reds announced, all will be in good health. It will be made up of 100 Americans, 25 British, 25 Turks and 250 South Koreans. The total will raise the number of U. N. soldiers returned in seven days to 2,174, Including 623 of 3,313 Americans the Reds said they held. The Communists have said they will return 12,763 prisoners all told. of cattle and sheep who i cans sent back on one day. Most of the men in the company were anti-Bed, he said in an interview at Inchon, but he knew the 30 personally. Other repatriated prisoners have told of Americans who collaborated with the Reds, but only Scales told of repatriates returning to work for- communism in America. Scales saTol't^r niii' t.Xo.t£t -tfie' r i?s talk i.'jout joining organizations called the "Ex-POWs for Peace" and the "Veterans for Peace," but he did not know if they had been formed. Scales said he did not know if the "progressives" planned to join the Communist party in Amer- but said he heard them talk of a reunion at the home of a friend in San Francisco to discuss their next moves. Cpl. Harold Wilson, 32, of Mobile, Ala., said one prisoner—considered the "No. 1 progressive" in lamp 5 — had said he would "kill if own mother and father if they interfered with him being a Communist and'would never even spit on an American dollar again." Three other Americans who re- Mrned Monday said the Reds Reds have returned "No. 1 progressives" from Camp 5. The three were among 125 Americans who streamed into Freedom Village with smiles on their faces but grim words on their lips. This was the biggest group of Ameri- Cotton Crop Estimate: 14.6 Million Bales United states no longer has the lonopoly of the hydrogen bomb" onlinued to set off shock waves f reaction throughout the free 'orld. Skeptical Views Most of it was on the skeptical ide, but there were many expres- WASHINGTON (AP) — The Agriculture Department lons """• " at least could be lrue today forecast this year's cotton crop at 14,605,000 bales o£ L^ effe , ot of M ? lenkov ' s an ; 500 pounds gross weight—a figure which virtually assures I seemed Bke conmmation production controls on next year's crop SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Tense Week for West U.S. Authorities Seek Proof of H-Bomb Claim By FRANK E. CARRY mr A J!£!™S watch-and-wait period 1. Russia may actually have done<fr- a small-scale teat of primitiv 'I-bomb ;ate last week—smal scale insofar as the hydrogen enc of it, but conceivably involving riggeving atomic bomb 10 times is powerful as the one dropped on Nagasaki. 2. By Lapp's own estimate i vould take at least a week foi •adio-activity detection devices to 'erify such an event. While the Jnited States has never said how t detected the first Russian A 'last in 1949, Lapp suggested America's nationwide system for centing the atmosphere fron' •adioactivity from Nevada tests irobably has "global arms extend- ng right up to the Iron Curtain.' Russian Premier Georgi Malen ov's announcement to the Soviet ° f * weU - known atomic sclentist - Dr. Ralph Lapp Saturday that Department officials have said that, because of reserves already on hand, a crop of more than 12 million bales would create a surplus requiring rigid marketing quotas on the 1954 crop. Officials said it was inconceivable that weather conditions be- .ween now and harvest would reduce the indicated production enough to make controls unnecessary. A control program , with 95,000 last for the 10-year have a reasonable chance of work- swung ing out of their difficulties but \vfio -' - ' cannot obtain loans from private or bank sources. i Mr. Hearnsberger said loans will j not be made to enable farmers to i Came From Camp 5 They said the "No. 1 progressives" from their camp were hand- go into the livestock business or carry on commercial feed lot, opera- The prisoners labeled men who swallowed the Red line "progres- ,- ---- -7-- —• -• sives" and said many were inform- tions, nor can they be used to re- ers in the Pow " finance existmg debts. Some have elecled1Plo ' slay be . Application blanks are available hind, prisoners have said, either at the PHA office in City Hall here.! converted to the Communist philo- Loans are made for _up to three sophy or fearful of what their fel- years at five per cent interest. They • -- • can be renewed, Mr- Hearnsbergpr said, if renewal is found to be in the best interest of the farmer and the government. He explained that when a farmer applies for a loan, creditors will not be asked to subordinate their claims to those of the government. However, he said, they will be expected to give a standby agreement for long enough period to enable th farmer to have a reasonable chance of recovery. Ark-Mo Plans Bond Issue for Construction Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. ,„ scheduled to file with the Arkansas Public Service Commission a request for authority to issue a $2,000,000 bond issue to help finance Its construction program this year. A total of $3,383,500 is scheduled to be spent on the construction program. Preferred and common stock- was issued earlier this year for the other $1.383,500. Utility officials said today $1,775,000 will be spent on the company's gas operations and $1,608,500 on the electrical phase. The $2,000,000 In first mortgage bonds would become due Sept. 1, 108.1. Application for authority to ssue the bonds was filed with the Missouri F60 list week. I low inmates might do once the Red protection was gone. The three liberated men. all from Iowa, said all the "progressives" have been returned from Camp 5 near the Yalu River at Pyoktong. "The rest of the boys are okay," said Cpl. Dale L. Becder of Waukon. "They (the 'progressives') were in the first groups liberated." His words were supported by Sgt. Gordon M. Schmitz of Le Mars and Sgt. Kenneth Dai-row of Charles City. Most of the Americans who returned in the sixth day of Operation Big Switch climbed down from their ambulances light-hearted and healthy, bm inside the warehouse processing center they told ugly stories about their long months in captivity. Kstimates Vary They told of hunger and ceaseless indoctrination, death and constant racial propaganda, and their disgust for the "progressives." All the returned prisoners from Pyoktong agreed there were some •progressives" there but estimates of numbers varied widely. Cpl. Jerry W. Do Wesse of Detroit said about 7 per cent of his all-white company of 300 prisoners were either progressive or "played ilong with the Commies to get bet- er treatment." "No one could tell for sure which were real progressives and really believed communism and which were Just taking advantage of the * FOW'i <w p» ( e 1* - - ~ ,—_„ probably would require farmers to reduce plantings next year. to around 18 618,000 this year. The department said production prospects were more favorable Aug. 1 than was indicated a month earlier. A month ago, the department said, about 1.500,000 acres in Texas and Oklahoma had not germinated because of dry weather. The department said special surveys late July indicated about one million acres of this land had germinated and was up to a sufficient stand to be retained for harvest. The remaining one-half million acres appears to have been already abandoned, the department said. For the country as a whole, it appears that abandonment may be around 4.5 per cent of the July 1 acreage compared with the 10- year average of 2.5 per cent. In the central region early cotton was reported to have made very satisfactory progress. No estimate of cottonseed production will be made until final Winnings for the season are released. Secretary Benson has until Oct. 15 to decide on production controls for next year. The indicated crop compares with 15.136,000 bales last year and 12,215,000 for the 10-year 'average. This year's production will be supplemented by a reserve of 5.200,000 bales from previous crops. the 10-year average. Production of American-Egyptian type cotton was forecast at 66,500 bales, compared year and 27,200 average. In an accompanying report, the Census Bureau said 349,072 ing bales from this year's had been ginned prior to Aug. 1, compared with 176,356 to the same date last year and 223,566 two run- crop „ .,,-ecu- iation that the United States has unlocked the secret of the H-bomb. Rep. Van Zandt (R-Pa), a member of tbe Joint Atomic Energy Committee, in voicing suspicion of the Russian claim, said: "Why, we didn't know we had one ourselves until last October when we exploded a Hydrogen device." Rep. Hinshaw (D-Calif), also a committee member, ' saidf "We mastered production of the hydrogen bomb and all other aspects of it a year ago. so it is not surprising that the Russians claim to have developed it now." Anotner member, Rep. Durham (D-NC), did not make such a flat statement as these. But he said the committee reallzey Russia's H-bomb potential long ago—"that is the reason we worked so hard last year to double this country's capacity to produce the hydrogen bomb." Sen. Clinton Anderson (D-NM), also a member, said he considered it a "definite possibility" that Bus- sla has the H-bomb. Rep. Cole The body of Second Lt. Elliott B.! iR-NYi, committee chairman, said Sartain of Osceola is included in a Sat his borne in Bath, N. Y.:'"We years ago. The condition of the crop on Aug. 1", the indicated acre yield and production, respectively, by states included: Arkansas 80, 320 and 1,225,000. Osceo/o Jet Pilot's Body Is Returned Dulles Warns Reds To Release All PWs By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles said after a conference with President Eisenhower today that the United Mates probably would adopt "reciprocal measures" if the Communists refuse to return some American prisoners of war Dulles left no doubt at a news conference, that he meant thi country would take retaliatory steps if prisoners are withheld in violation of the armistice terms. The secretary arrived at Eisenhower's vacation headquarters this morning after an overnight nonstop flight from Honolulu on the way back from South Korea, where conferred with the president of that republic, Syngman Rhee. Dulles was with Eisenhower for about 70 minutes. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., chief of .he u. s. mission to the United Nations, and Assistant Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson—both of whom accompanied Dulles to Korea—sat in at today's conference. PullReport Dulles told newsmen he gave Elsenhower "a very full report" on his talks with Rhee. The sec- •etary then noted that a communi- que released before he left Korea lad said that the South Koreans sad given "categorical assurance" hat they won't upset the newly- von armistice. Dulles volunteered the information that he had been most impressed by what he saw of the exchange of prisoners of war at Freedom Village while he was in Korea. The Cabinet officer went on to say he witnessed the first exchange and that some of the United Nations forces exchanged were "in a rather dazed condition" and that most of them were in "pretty bad physical condition." The condition of those exchanged later, he added, has been somewhat better. The secretary then said that this government is concerned that some prisoners of war might be withheld and not exchanged by the Chinese Communists and the North Koreans. That matter, Dulles said, la "very much on our minds." He said those in charge of administering the armistice, including Gen. Maxwell Taylor, commander of ;he 8th Army In. Korea, are going to do "all that is humanly possible to get back -\\ American boys." list of ]98 Korean War dead beine; cannot gamble Hint it is no.t true." returned to this country from the Sen. Duff (R-Pa), who is not a Far East Command. member of the committee, said on The Air Force officer was killed i an NB C television show last night in May when a Sabreiet in which 1 he doc s not believe the Russians he had Just taken off from an 1111-1 have tne H-bomb but "we know we identified Korean air field failed to llavc U 1 " hm " h " ascend and crashed into heavy construction equipment on the end of a runway. He was the husband of the former Bleak Budget Picture Darkens Tax Cut Hopes By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) _ Congressional sources said to| day a bleak budget picture is throwing a heavy pall over a ; broad tax revision program firmly promised for next year The commented as the House Ways and Means Committee neared the end (probably Wednesday) of weeks of hearings, often running well into the night, on the-complex subject. ' bomb. Ike Has \o Comment Sen. Hickeniooper (R-Iowa), committee vice chairman, said only that America is far ahead of Russia or any other nation in nuclear development, but he cautioned: "Better overestimate their strength rather than underestimate it." President Eisenhower had no „..„.,,*, v.,,, ^._, vj,,,tii,,, ..i,- comment on Malenkov's announce- tory, which is expected to arrive at; ment, and in Denver, where the the San Francisco Port of Embarka-j President is vacationing, his aides tion today, it was announced by said no comment was expected, the Department of Defense. Miss Sarah Langston, and the son of Mr. and Mrs. Elliott B. Sartain, Sr, of Osceola. A graduate of Osceola High School, he attended the University of Arkansas. The Korean dead are being returned aboard the SS Sharon Vic- -••' ""• The nearest approach to an offi- °"' 1 clalm that A'""'™ had the Ail Safe in African Crash i "- bomb Clm ° fr <™ former Presi- .. ro. WIESBADEN, Germany «, - All I u"™^*™ tfcongl? u ° The indicated yield of cotton per 24 men who parachuted from their! January. Roferrin- to the 19515 harvested acre was reported at an disabled C-119 Flying Boxcar over i t est, at Eniwetok AMI m thfp average of 291.7 pounds compared *e Libyan desert late Saturday j ^ ,* Trumin «iri with 282.7 .pounds last year and! n '8 h t have been found alive, the , ' IIU " lan ial «271.4 for the 10-year average u - s - Air Force's Europeon head-; We have entered anot The rnnrtitmn n r th» ' . quarters said here today. I '" lne world-shaking dev me condition of the crop on Aug. T,,,=.«.,,— .< .1— -— I nf !,(«,„!„ „„„,.„., ™ a other stag .. .._ .„ developmen Twenty-one of the airmen were | of atomic energy. From now on ound earlier today. The other | man moves into a new era of d air structive power, capable of crea ing explosions of a new order Beria Purge Rubber-Stamped By Soviet Supreme Council LONDON tffi — The Soviet parliament rubber-stamped Its approval today of the purging of Lavrenty p. Beria and ordered the case against the Kremlin's former No. 2 man to the Soviet Supreme Court. The decree of the Supreme Council (parliament i," broadcast by Moscow radio, indicated that Ibe slaae Is being set for the trial of Premier Georgi M. Malenkov's onetime (op deputy who rose to power ns the head of Stalin's dreaded secret police. The broadcast said the Council had longer had a monopoly on the hydrogen^ bomb. The West accepted the statement as an announcement that Russia Iras built, or knows how to build, the fcarhil bomb. Many experts were skeptical of Malenkov's claim, however. - — , Berfa's downfall early in July confirmed the 54-year-old I came after persistent rumors of a s •; u s i e r for "criminal | titanic struggle for power In the and antistats activities," approved I Soviet high command. It launced stnpp:nR him of "all awards and | a widespread purge of his protc- ranks, and approved transfering ] RCS and favorites both within the nis case for consideration by the i Soviet. union and In various of — — - *•" >-i/iiolu^i (ItlUlJ u.S.S.R. Supreme Court." Ironically, the parliament acted at a session in which earlier It had wildly applauded announcement of a new Soviet achievement In a program which the West generally believed Beria bossed— the development of atomic weapons. Malcnkov told the Council Sal- tatt Ui* ualtM atttet no the restless satellites. Malenkov himself presented the charges against his long-tune associate to the Communist Party Central Committee meeting accused his deputy, who as minister of Internal affairs headed the police system, of planning to lake over the Sovir-t jiovcrnincnt and "' Plotting with foreign 1m- perltllstt. magnitude dwarfing the mushroon clouds of Hiroshima and Naga saki." Dr. Lapp, who worked on th original Manhattan Project whtct produced the first A-bomb, is nov a private consultant on atomii energy. . He told this reporter he believed Russia's H-bomb test, if there was one, occurred last week, possibly Friday, because (A) Malenkov's speech was described in dispatchc as a "surprise." and (B) the Istatraionls by Hinshaw and Vai Enndl seemed to imply this coun try had received no recent evi nYneo of a hydrogen blast in Russia. Lapp said that If Russia actuallj has developed an H-bomb, it would not necessarily mean the Soviets "copied an American version through the aid of espionage." He said tile Held of thermonuclear research "is so new and fruitful that Russia mny hnvc uncorked a completely new development which we mny have overlooked," Basing his estimates on the speed of stratospheric winds, Lapp said that steady westerly winds might blow radioactive particles out of Russia at a speed of 500 miles ov more ft day. Thus, he said, it might take four or five days lor radioactive •vile* V. i. 01 Pitt it A tentative program of the proposals they would like most to adopt is shaping up in the minds of some lawmakers. But the problem was this: Almost all these proposals, certainly the ones with the most steam behind them, would cost substantial reductions In revenue. And the plain facts indicate the Eisenhower administration will have a major headache next year in keeping revenue high enough to reach the long-promised goal of a balanced budget. As one informed and influential source put it: "It looks like a battle between more justice in tax- laws, and a loss in revenue. That's hard choice." The fiscal facts are these: The administration estimates spending for the current fiscal year, ending next June 30, at about 74 billion dollars. Income is estimated at <58'i billion, leaving a deficit of 5'/i billion. Administration Committed The administration is firmly committed to permit two big tax reductions — a 10 per cent cut in individual income taxes, and ex;- piration of the excess profits tax, both on Jan. 1. Further, scheduled cuts in corporation income taxes and excise or sales taxes—set for April 1— would take another big bite of income. Altogether, the losses would reduce revenue to about 62 or 63 million dollars, at present econom- c levels. That means, to balance the budget, spending would have to be reduced up to 12 billion dollars under the present rate—or the tax cuts will have to be canceled, or w tax increases imposed. Eisenhower already has asked or cancellation of the scheduled corporate tax reduction. But Rep. Daniel A. Reed (R-NY), chairman f the Ways and Means Commlt- ee, said yesterday he regards the resent law as a firm promise to educe the tax. This difference could develop nto a repeat performance of the ramatic Reed vs. the adminis- ration battle that raged In the esslon of Congress just ended. The wue then was extension of the xcess profits tax, pushed across vcr Reed's last-ditch opposition. "I'm getting sick of doublec.ross- g the people and going back on •omises for political reasons," ced said In nn Interview yestcr- ay. Differed Sh»rply "Wi promised th* corporate ta» reduction when we wrote tha law several years ago. Buiness is counting oil it. We'll never be able to balance the budget until we take the shackles off business." Some influential congressmen agreed yesterday that, to keep pursuing a balanced budget, Eisenhower will have to cut his defense and foreign aid spending requests next yeer. But they differed sharply along party lines as to whether defense cuts could be made without weakening national security. Representatives McCormack (D- Mass), Short (R-M 0 ), Van Zandt, (R-Pa) and Price ID-Ill) expressed similar views to interviewers- that defense cutbacks are in prospect if the national deficit is to be pared. But Democrats McCormack and Price contended that would cause U. S. defenses to deteriorate dangerously, while Republicans Short and Van Zandt argued "good man- agreement" would insure sound defenses. C. of C. Beard To Discuss Sewers A special meeting of the Board of Directors of the Blytheville Chamber of Commerce has been set for 2:39 p.m. tomorrow in the Chamber offices to discuss proposals on the city sewer system situation, Worth D. Holder, manager, announced today. ———=^===: Weather ARKANSAS—Fair and mild this afternoon. Partly cloudy tonight mid Tuesday. Somewhat wanner Tuesday afternoon. MISSOURI - Fair west; partly cloudy west tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy; scattered thundershowers; warmer east tonight; little change in temperature Tuesday. Maximum Saturday—89. Minimum Saturday—74. Maximum yesterday—88. Minimum yesterday—«0. Sunset today— 6:54'. Sunrlsa tomorrow—5:17 Precipitation last 2« hourt to e M p.m. yesterdiy—none. Mean temperature (mldwfty bttwwa high mict low)—74. Precipitation Jan. I to date—32.JJ. This n.ito I.asl Ynr Minimum yostfrrtdy—T2. Maximum yesterday—0,1, Precipitation Jinunry 1 to 0.73,

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