Page 1 article text (OCR)
BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 118 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald :EVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 7,1053 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT* General Strike Hits France 2 Million Government Workers Walk Out PARIS (AP) — France's vast army of two million civil servants slapped Premier Joesph Laniel with a crippling 24-to-48 hour nationwide general strike today. They demandec he cut defense costs instead of upping their retirement age and trimming their ranks. ~—-* The protest against the Prem- Problems Ahead, Ike Warns U.S. 'Good Start' Is Seen By President • By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON ( A P) — President Eisenhower staked out a claim today that his administration has made "a good start" toward building an honest, efficient regime at home while exerting its power in the cause of world peace. But Eisenhower conceded that his administrator! has by no means "seen P and conquered all the problems of our nation" in its first six months. In an all-network radio address to the American public last night, the chief executive declared this to be his "single, supreme purpose": "T6 serve and to strengthen our people, all our people, in their faith in freedom and in their quest of peace; and to strengthen all peoples Who share with us that faith and that quest." It was a let's-take-a-look-at-the record address, much of it already said before but brought up to date and keyed to last Monday's adjournment of Congress. In it, he mentioned an even dozen actions by Congress—on such items as revised programs for defense and aid to America's allies, admission of refugees, lifting of economic controls, extension of needed of "onerous" taxes. Good Will Seen Even though the executive and legislative branches have had their differences, Eisenhower said, good will between them has been built up rapidly and firmly. Overseas, he said, there has has been the fostering of Western unity, U. S. food shipments for rebellious East Germans, and a Korea truce in which "two precious victories" have been gained: An opportunity has been won, he said, to demonstrate that free people can build in peace as boldly as they fight in war. And, in an apparent warning to Russia not to start anything elsewhere, he said Korea has shown "that the collective resolve of the free world can and will meet aggression in Asia— or anywhere in the world." What it all adds up to, the chief executive said, is "only a little more than a beginning." And it was,with caution and concern that he peered into a future he said is still filled with trial and hazard. In effect, if not actual intent. the speech was a comeback at those Democrats who have been saying the administration record is far from impressive up to now. House Democratic Leader Sam Rayburn of Texas said only yesterday that the, only 1952 campaign promise the GOP has kept was that of "hard money"—they have "made it harder to get." Better Things Immediate reaction to the Eisenhower address was almost entirely lacking among members of Congress. Many have gone home. Several senators said they had not tuned in. Some who listened declined to comment. Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) did call the speech "a pretty good job and a good review of legislation passed." He said it showed that "The foundation has been laid for better things to come in the next session." Eisenhower did not touch on some of the legislation he requested, such as Hawaiian statehood and a postage rate boost, which Congress put off at least until its next session. Nor did he discuss an administration-backed resolu- Sce EISENHOWER on Page 12 ier's rumored plans for government economies was Prance's worst strike since the 1936 days of Socialist Leon Blum's popul front government. Trains ground to a halt throughout the country. Telephones were dead. Gas flickered feebly. Garbage piled up in the streets. Non government mine workers also joined in. Paris buses and subways ran throughout the morning, but unions decided just before noon to cal out their operators Immediately That left only taxis and private automobiles for capital riders. Otherwise the nation's business and commercial life rapidly ap. preached paralysis. It looked like much of it would stay that way until Monday. Strike Picture This was the strike picture this morning: Postal, telegraph and telephone service—220,000 workers on indefinite strike for last two days; mail and telegrams stopped, telephone communications slashed 90 per cent. Railroads, mines and municipal services (street cleaners, garbage collectors, undertakers, etc.)—on 24-hour strike until midnight Saturday; gas 1 and electricity operating on reserves; gas pressure low and expected to drop drastically; electric power likely to decline in some sections; water pressure expected to dwindle. Unlike most French strikes, this one was not called by the Communists but by the Socialist Labor Force (Force Ouvriere) and the Christian (Catholic) Labor Federation. The Red CGT (General Confederation of Labor) joined in happily, however. The walkout was ordered to protest reports that Laniel's 6-week- old government planned to up the retirement age for government workers from 57 to 62 and lop many employes off the public payroll. Laniel Appeals The Premier launched an offensive of appeals and threats against the walkout. He ordered the striking telephone workers back on their jobs, threatened to suspend all striking civil service employes and warned that workers • would not be paid for time off the job, Such threats are usually not enforced, however, once a strike ends. The Premier's retrenchment program, designed to pull the government, out of near-bankruptcy, has not been announced. The rumors of its details have been widely broadcast among workers, however. To the lower-level public servants, who work long years at an average pay of less than $65 a month with retirement as their principal reward, the idea of adding several more years of duty is unthinkable. These workers argue, like the Communist-led CGT, that the government should cut down first on military spending—38 per cent of this year's lO'/ 2 -million-dollar budget. (ng Places Set for Wheat Quota Voting The wheat marketing quota referendum to be held Aug. 14 will be conducted at five voting places in Mississippi County, Chairman C. P Ford of the County Production and Marketing Administration announced today. These polling places will be the PMA office in Blytheville, the PMA office in Osceota, Wilson Tavern at Wilson, Wilson Bank Branch of Keiser and Planter's Gin at Joiner. They will be open from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., and each will be supervised by a local referendum committee of wheat growers appointed by the County PMA Committee. Mr. Ford urged that all eligible wheat growers vote, since the outcome will materially affect the price farmers will receive for their 1954 wheat. Acreage allotments will be In effect for the 1954 wheat crop regardless of the outcome of the referendum, he said. WRECKAGE OF CRASHED NKENGlNED U.S. BOMBER — PloaLlng in the North Atlantic is the wreckage of a 10-engined U.S. Air Force BB36 reconnaissance boniber which crashed while carrying 23 men to Britain from Travis Air Force Base, Calif., on a training mission. This picture was made from a B29 rescue plane. Only seven of the crew have been accounted for officially. Four were picked up alive from the rough water and ships reported finding three bodies. Stormy seas dimmed hopes for the remaining sixteen, (AP Wircphulo) Rhee, Dulles Will Initial Security Pact Tomorrow ome Americans Shun reeclom, Reports Say Latest Allied POWs Freed in Better Health By MILO FARNETI PANMUNJOM (AP) — A healthier group of 394 Allied war prisoners came out of Communist captivity today and added to mush-rooming reports the Reds are holding back some POWs — including perhaps 2,000 to 3,000 Americans. Eighty - one Americans were among the group released today under a brilliant sun at this wayside village in the third day of the Korean war prisoner exchange— "Operation Big Switch." Although the Reds had promised 400, an unofficial count showed six j South Koreans missing from the | scheduled ,250. There was no im- j mediate explanation. The Reds also sent back 25 British, 25 Turks, 12 Filipinos and 7 Colombians. They said the next group, scheduled for 9 a. m. Saturday (7 p. m. Friday, EST), would include 90 j formation about additional captives Americans, 250 South Koreans, 35 I in later proceedings. SEOUL, Aug. 7 (AP) By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and President Sygman Rhee will initial the draft of a security treaty between the United States and South Korea tomorrow, it was announced officially tonight. The ceremony is scheduled for 10 a. m. (8 p. m. EST} today. Agreement was reached on the treaty today. The announcement was made by members of Dulles' party and the office of President Rhee. A joint statement from Rhee and Dulles is expected tomorrow and the secretary of state will hold a news con- ference here before leaving for Tok- approved by the U. S. Senate. Will Defend Korea The treaty was reported pat- yo. Rhee has demanded the treaty as one condition for South Korea going along win. an armistice in K o r e i President Eisenhower promised in June to negotiate a security pact, which still must be Snyder Mentioned In New Tax Probe terned closely after the security pact between the United States and The Philippines. It provides that the United States will come to the erleans, In their bleak. Northern stockades. Returning n'risoners have told of U. S. officers being sentenced for "instigating against peace." In Washington, Gen. Mark W. Clark, U. N. Far East commander, told a news conference there is evidence the Reds hold from 2,000 to 3,000 more Americans than the 3,313 they listed for return. He also said "thousands and thousands" of South Koreans are unaccounted for. Clark said Washington instructed him to sign the armistice but re• serving the right to press for in- I for: Turks and 25 British. That will bring the total of Americans released to 311, still only a bare fraction of the 3.313 the Reds have promised to return. In nil. the Allies are handing over 74,000 Beds fov 12,163 Allied POWs. The TJ. N. Command sent back 2,753 Communists Friday, a quieter and better-behaved group than those of the first two days, who ranted wildly in last-minute shows of defiance. They still sang and chanted, but they were more re- , aid of South Korea in the event of j stralned and dld not att ack U. N. (APf -' ' investigators lifearcj testimony today that a 21-rhillion-dollar tax refund claim by Universal Pictures Corp. got swift, oul-of-channels action at the urgent request of the then secretary of the Treasury, John W. Snyder. A. Frederick Olsen. an official Internal Revenue Bureau, testified i the New York office of the Dell Youth Killed in Wreck Blytheville Man Hurt As Truck Overturns In Pennsylvania A 12-year-old Dell boy was killed and 32 other farm workers injured yesterday when the truck in which ;hey were riding overturned near Sunbury, Pa. The boy was identified as William Briggs. Pennsylvania state patrolmen said he was riding with other farm workers in a truck driven by Thomas Keatos, 28, of Blytheville. Officers said the truck was "re- .urning from picking beans near Pillow, Pa., when the truck over- •urned while attempting to nego- ,iate an S-curve. Another person, listed as Carrie Foster and otherwise unidentified, was reported to be in serious condition. The workers were living at a labor camp near Milton, Pa., investigating officers reported. the 1948 case in incident was the only his experience where 100 Scout Awards Given at Manila Court of Honor MANILA—-Nearly 100 awards were given to Boy Scouts of Manila, pel- ore, Milligan Ridge and Leachville at a court of honor conducted at Manila's Methodist Church last night. Twenty-seven advanced in rank, 17 going to First Class, seven to Second Class and three to Tenderfoot. Seventy-five merit badges were awarded at the court, which \vas conducted by District Advancement Chairman Dick Watson. Assisting with the court were District Chairman Jim Cleveland, Vice- Chalrman J. D. Wells and Milligan Ridge Scoutmaster Raymond Pow- rs. . . Approximately 150 persons attend- 7953 Crop Estimated at 73,787,000 Bales The nation's 1953 cotton crop stood at approximately 13,787,000 bales as of the end of July, according to an estimate released today by Orvis Brothers and Co., New York cotton brokers. Estimates by states pin cod Arkansas fourth with 1,120,000 balc» and Missouri 13th with 320,000 bales. Texas led the list with an estimated 3,150,000 bales. Mississippi, with 1,750,000. bales, was next and Ca 11 fornla ranked third with 1,600.000. Other estimates by states fol- low: Arizona, 980,000 bales; Alabama, 79,000; Georgia, 125,000', Louisiana, 705,000; South Carolina. 700,000; Tennessee, 600,000; North Carolina, 500,000; Oklahoma, 400,000; New Mexico, 295,000; Virginia, 21,000; Florida and others, 41,000. strict Treasury review regulations were 'Violated" on an excess profits tax case. Although the revenue agents assigned to the case recommended refund of almost all the company asked, the sum ultimately allowed was approximately 3 million dollars—some 18 millions less than Universal's claim. Olsen and other revenue bureau officials were witnesses before a House ways and means subcommittee investigating charges of "undue influence" by high Treasury officials on tax cases during the Truman administration. Snyder's intervention in the case was detailed by extracts from t^e office log of former Revenue Bureau Counsel Charles Oliphant, who resigned under fire some time ago. Oliphant's log recounted numerous telephone conversations in 1948 with Henry J. Merry, chairman of the excess profits council of the Treasury, which passes on all refund of almost all the company excess profits tax refunds, and other officials including Snyder himself. The gist of the barie-and-forLh telephoning was that Snyder was insistent handling of the case be speeded up. Committee Counsel John Tobin told newsmen the company stood to save considerable money ns interest on the unpaid tax claim by- getting, the case closed out quickly. Chairman Kean (R-NJ) of the House committee said earlier his group means to see to it that no taxpayers bypass internal revenue officials and get Treasury help at the top level from now on. new Communist aggression. It aiso provides for basing American troops in South Korea. Dulles met two hours and 45 minutes with Rhee today. He said he would have "some progress" to report tomorrow. Dulles said he would have a final meeting wth the South Korean President at 10 a. m. Saturday ^8 p. rn...^ST Friday' then would fly to _1?&:yo. "I will spend tomorrow night in Tokyo and take off for the States on Sunday," he said. Dulles and high State Department officials arrived in Korea Tuesday and Dulles and President Rhee have conferred four times on post-armistice problems in Korea. At a roadside news conference after he drove out of the grounds pcrsonnel as they did earlier. The Allied repatriates, wearing faded blue Chinese uniforms, ap- pen red in much better condition mentally and physically than the sick and weary men released the iirst two days. Even so, some were ill and needed medical care. Reds Show Eagerness The Reds, showing eagerness for the ifrst time, started the exchange at 8;55. a. m., five minutes ahead of time. The Americans laughed as they climbed from the Red trucks and jokes cracked from man to man. They waved and smiled and yelled to correspondents awaiting them. When the trucks stopped, tiiey jumped quickly to the ground, grinning. The South Koreans appeared of Rhee's mansion. Dulles said hr> j more worn and sick. Some were thought "Eiood progress" had bec> j masked with gauze, for lung dis- made today. j cases. Others were gaunt and thin. Unification Discussed [Some had to be helped from trucks. However, a .said ho nnd mom cut. huer the President w he working on a prepared statement to he given out tomorrow "covering what we have done." Asked whether he and President Rhee had discussed unification of North and South Korea the secretary said: "We discussed unification every • day, every hour on the hour." Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, Sin Army commander, attended this afternoon's meeting. Dulles met with Rhee both morning and afternoon. When Dulles emerged from the morning meeting, he V.-HS asked if he and Rhee had arrived at u formula for unficalion. He replied: However, ;m o m i n o u s fear blurred the happine.ss of the present pxrhfingo as reports grew that i.hc Reclr, may be holding out thousands ot POWs, many of them Am- Would Use AU Weapons Clark said the U. N. Command had to accept the Red figures or use military power to force the Reds to sign the truce. He said that if the Reds break the truce he would favor using "any and every weapon" to retaliate. He did not specifically mention atomic weapons, but pre- sumabiy his statement would cover them. Clark, who is soon to retire as U. N. commander, is in the United States on a brief visit from his Tokyo headquarters. The Reds have often said the figures they gave are correct. They have said, however, that not nil Allied POWs have been screened to see if they desire to return home. Meanwhile, nearly 12,000 Red fanatics in Koje Island prison compounds off far Southern Korea rioted an the eve of their freedom. One Red was shot to death and four others svere wounded when U. N. guards had to fire to p,ut down the first of three uprisings. They stopped the others with tear and vomiting gas. The Rcda Saving Face POW Command said the apparently were trying to "save face" after the "disgrace" of being captured and were also trying to avoid reprisals from the Red bosses they will soon rejoin by proving they never quit fighting. The Reds barricaded themselves in their stone-walled barracks and guards were forced to enter the compounds. The Rods charged out and See POW's on Page 12 J-Faced Reds Baffled By Bug-Eating American NEW YORK (AP).— The New York Times says one American prisoner ended Communist germ warfare propa- i chance to convince them to return. Briton, Many ROKs Also Prefer Reds By JIM BECKER And STAN CARTER FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea (AP) — Liberated Americans today disclosed for the first time that some American prisoners of war — and at least one Briton — have swapped freedom for life under Communist rule. An Ohio soldier said three Americans in his group went back even as their truck rumbled toward the Panmunjom exchange site. Cpl. Charles Bryant Jr. of Cincinnati, said they apparently wanted to remain with the Reds. Many South Koreans also were reported to have chosen to remain in the North, some as the result of intense Communist propaganda others because they believed Chinese warnings they would be killed If they returned. Two U. S. soldiers just released from the same North Korean stockade said they knew of about seven Americans who had refused repatriation—apparently the victims of relentless Red propaganda lectures. Four other repatriates said at least three Americans they knew probably will remain behind of their own free will. Cpl. James Davis, Bradshaw, Md., said the three got special treatment. "If you hit one of them you'd, be going down the road—two to five years in prison," Davis told newsmen. "We called them G. I. Chinks or Chink lovers." Pfc. Donald C. Stewart, 20, of Cincinnati; Pfc. Theopilus Parris of Huntsville, Ala.; and Pfc. Harrison West, 26, of Gary, Did., con- cm-red -with-Davis that the three, all Negroes, would not return. The four were liberated from a Red prison camp at Pyoktong near the Manchurian border. Having Party Another American from the Glowacki, 22, of Brooklyn, said the camp was emptied during the first days of the prisoner exchange except for one Briton and seven Americans. He said the eigM stayed behind voluntarily. "They were having a party when e left," Glowacki said. "I didn't associate with them." Pfc, Thomas R. Murray of Baltimore, who said he knew "about" seven Americans at Pyoktong who turned down repatriation, described them as "the biggest 'progressives' in camp." "Progressives" is a term the Allied prisoners tn"geri on fellow captives who swalJowed Communist propaganda. Under the armistice terms, prisoners—both Allied and Red—who refuse repatriation are to bo turned over to a five nation commission, during which time agents from their homulnni, will have "That's the whole purpose of the political conference" ganda at a North Korean prison camp by eating a supposedly germ-infested bug. , r . | A dispatch from Inchon, Korea, He said the Allied side wants to ! ^ Gre & MacG B regor said the in. enter the political conference "with i cident was w'"»*scd and the story a certain amount of flexibility." Get Chest X-Rays as Clinic Opens in Manila Chest x-rays were rectovcd by 488 persons in Manila yesterday as a two-day clinic opened there, bringing the total to date in the month-long series of clinics in this county to 1,130. The State Health Department's mobile x-ray unit was located at the American Legion Hut yesterday and today. After a weekend recess,'the unit will move to Blytheville Monday and remain until Aug. 18 at the Mississippi County Tuberculosis Association office. Registers for the Manila clinic are Mrs. Hulen Faulkner, Mrs. M. D. Dennis, Mrs. Hershel Davis, Mrs. Harold Wall, Mrs. Dean Pierce, Mrs. W, M. Davidson and Mrs. E. A. Johnston. A total of 642 persons were x-rayed during clinics In Leachville Tuesday nnd Wednesday. This figure was Incorrectly reported yesterday aa 622. County Induction Quota for Next Month Set at 11 1 Mississippi County Draft Board No. 47 will furnish 11 of the 320 Arkansas men to be inducted into the firmed services next month, according to information released today by the Select ive Service Headquarters in Little Ror:k. This is the sr.mr quot;i n.s la.st month's which, was ihe ICAVPM received by the local board .since Ia.*t August. told by S Edward Hewlett, Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy today, tonight and Saturday; widely scattered mostly afternoon thundershowers; not much change in temperature. • - MISSOURI _ Partly cloudy with I ™K»t na ™ dll sted the bug with scattered thundershowcrs east and n deadly powder. 24, of Detroit. Hewlett has just been released alter three years as a prisoner of \var. Last year Sgt. Hewlett was in Weisong pri.son camp near the Manchurian border. He and others were forced to attend propaganda classes. In one phase of the Classen the Chinese Communists tried to convince American prisoners that the U. S. Air Force was dropping germs over North Korea. Displayed Pictures The Communists displayed pictures purporting to show North Koreans in open fields picking up bugs they said were infested with germs by "American imperialists." Many of the Americans, including Hewlett, scoffed loudly. One day an instructor brought "evidence" to the class—a small glass container, in which there was a biif? the instructor said "is an insect bearing deadly germs to kill the people of North Korea and ihe Chinese volunteer army who came to protect them." He offered the bug for inspection. Several curious prisoners looked, suspicious that the Communists to fi;:;o south tonight; Saturday fair north; partly cloudy south; scattered thun dershowers. Maximum yrsimlay—ffl. Minimum ye.stcrclfiy— 69. Sunset lotiiiy— 6:.V7. •Stmrl.se tornoi rcm --5:15. Precipitation l:i;.t 2 •!.' p.m. yi-sterdiiy—nonf;. Mean tftmprriittiK.' (mlcl'.vny lush nnfl low)—70. Precipitation .'an 1 1° (1 ' tl( ' This ".Up l,.itt Vcar Minimum yrstrrdfiv 7.1. Maximum y<r.ilrrrl;<v - M, ! Precipitation .Iniinary I to '26.7J. Commies Goggle Eyed Finally one American prisoner calmly picked the bug out **nd popped it into his mouth. The Communists in the room were goggle eyed. One dashed out the door as their class roared. Several minutes later, a group of grim-faced Chinese officers returned and ordered all the other prisoners moved several paces away from the bug eater. "We will die soon but infoct you all first," the interpreter warned. "He must be taken to the hospital immediately." From week to week, said SRI. Hewlett, reports were issued that the insect eater was near death's door. But within two months, he was released from "death's door" looking amazing well. Inside Today's Courier News If they continue to refuse repatriation they will be freed within six months after the armistice was signed. The Communists, In a Peiping radio broadcast today, said they have never screened prisoners to determine whether they want to return home. The broadcast said the Reds will tell the U. N. Command "as soon as possible" (he number of captives they hold who refuse repatriation. Mass Burials Other Americans returned in today's exchange added to the mounting evidence of Communist brutality and disregard for human, life. They told of mass burials of up . . . Sen. John McClellan is fast proving himself one of Senate's most able men . , , Editorials . • . Page 8. Unanswered questions spot to 2,000 Allied prisoners, jail sen- "- •"'--"" i lences for "instigating against the drought iiitl move ... On Missco Farms . . . Farm News . . . Page 9. . . . Yankees might wrap up flag this weekend . • . Sports . Pages 6 and 7. . • . Television schedule . . Page 11. pesice" and intense attempts to convert captives i.,o Communism. Pfc. William H. Davis of llecu-ne, Texas, said "10 or 12" Americans were being held in Red camps awaiting trial on various charges See SOME AMERICANS Page 13 Undetected TB Cases In County May Total 200, Rotarians Told An estimated 200 persons living in Mississippi County unknowingly have tuberculosis, the Rev. Eugene Hall, pastor of Dell's Methodist Church and board member of the County Tuberculosis Association. told members of Blytheville's Rotary Club yesterday. Seventy-seven new cases of tuberculosis were discovered in the county during 1052, 21 of them by the mobile X-ray units now visiting this area, he said. Other facts on UibcrciilnMs bronchi out by the Rev. Mi. 'l«H: each eve cost $15,000. Eighty-four ]»rcent of money raised through Christmas seal sales is spent In the county. Boonevllle, the state's sanitovlum, "Is doing a splendid job" with tho approximately 1,500 patients It has, but needs to be expanded. Work at Boonevillc includes occupational, as well ji.s physical, rehabilitation. Rotarian J. W. Adams introduced the Rov. Mr. Hall. Guests at the meeting included A. M. 'Ray. Kennett: Byron R. Morse, Little Rock: Howell Boyd, Counting lost woges and taxes, j duel Lee Frailer, McCrovy.