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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 116 Blytlieville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytlieville Herald BLYTHBVII.LE, ARKANSAS, WKDNKSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1953 TWELVE PACKS SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Big 4 Meeting Seems Certain U. S v France, Britain To HoldConsultations 37 Soldiers By JOHN M. HIGHTOtt'ER WASHINGTON (AP) — The United Stales, Britain and France are expected to consult promptly on Russia's acceptance of their bid for a Big Four meeting on German unification this fall. — " * Soviet objections to joint action among the Western Powers, as set forth in a note released by Moscow last night, were regarded here as mainly propaganda. They did not appear to make the slightest difference in the thinking of Western diplomats, who were due to go ahead with proposals fairly soon for a date and place for the Big Four foreign ministers meeting. The three Western governments seemed certain, however, to take a long and careful look at Soviet suggestions for including Red China in a possible conference lat- decreasing world tension generally. In the first place, the Western Powers over the last several years have usually insisted that tensions can best be removed by solving specific problems such as the unification of Germany. Careful Study Due Berlin Ranks Second Largest This Year BERLIN (AP) — Thirty-seven East German soldiers and policemen fled to West Berlin today in the second largest j, in the second place, ail three mass desertion of Red armed Western governments are keenly forces this year sensitive to Kremlin efforts to ex- The" fugitives, including one of- Pl oit 'he differences in their ap- ficer. deserted from the food block- • Great Britain recognizes and the nde which the Soviet Zone govern- j United States and France do not. ment set up around Berlin last Sat- The note which Moscow an- urdny to kill off American relief j nouneed last night was due for for 18 million East Germans. j careful study here, U. S. officials Twenty were from the Red Wehr-! said. They were not sure what con- macht and 17 from the people's ditions proposed might prove to police. be unacceptable. The record for one day's flight i Initial reaction, however, was was set June 24. a week after the'thai (he Russians appeared to have East German revolt, when 4ti sol- j arcepleo the meefin" proposal in diers and policemen applied here, a manner which made further ne- for political asylum. The total for ] golialions desirable. 'Youth Week' Is Set for Aug. 22-29 "Youth Week" was proclaimed for Blytlieville for ihe week of Aug. 22-29 this morning by Mayor Dan Blodgett.. The announcement was made in conjunction with setting of the date for a Children's Bicycle Carnival for Aug. 26 by the Merchant's Division of the Chamber oi Commerce, sponsors of the annual program. • Date for the annual Children's Fishing Rodeo, sponsored jointly by the City and the Americiiin Le- BMU, has already been set at Ai:gust 22. with a Negro children's rodeo to be held August 29. The proclamation issued today by Mayor Blodgett, read, in part, "Whereas the future of our nation rests in the youth of today, and their welfare is vital to our progress . . . and . . . the merchants of Blytheville desire to sponsor a day in their honor and to promote their growth in safety training. .. I proclaim Aug. 22-29 to be Youth Week and call upon every citizen of Blytheville to show his interest in our youth by promoting their interest and activity in ... the Pishing Rodeo and" Bicycle Carnival." Kelley Welch will be chairman of Ihe Bicycle Carnival, which will include a parade, contests, entertainment and free refreshments to be served to participants. Committees named to work on the Bicycle Carnival include: parade — J. T. Sudbury. chairman, Emery Francis, Arthur Weaver and Bill Turner; awards — Pat- Covrigan, chairman. O. O- Hardaway. Freeman Robinson and Mrs. Willie Cherry; entertainment — Hardy Aston, chairman. Russell Hays and Oliver Richardson- en- See YOUTH WEEK on Page 12 Massive Korean ROW Swap Going Full Speed By GEORGE A. McArthur PANMUNJOM (AP) — Four hundred happy Allied war captives rode Russian trucks down the dirt road from North Korea to freedom today. The massive, five-week Korean War prisoner exchange was on—12 763 U N trooos including 3,313 Americans for 74,000 Reds. ' ' FISHING RODEO PHIZES—Part of the prizes for this year's City-American Legion sponsored Children's Fishing Rodeo are exhibited by Police Chief Cecil Graves, former game warden who will direct the affair. Entry blanks for the rorieo are appearing regularly on the sports pages of the Courier News. The fishing contest, held in conjunction with similar contests across the nation with backing of Better Pishing, Inc., is part of the "Youth Week" proclaimed for Blytheville, Aug. 22-29, by Mayor Dan A. Blodgctt today. (Courier News Photo) ee in is 2.555 — two-thirds of them army troops. The Communist hunger blockade | c Decisions on a formal reply may await the return of Secretary of onferring in Ko~-J'«« iiF-, >" J.1.V1 , , packages " the rush of ] ceive free Amer: in West Berlin. Poul co nce was agreed upon jn „ meetj hcre las n , nthof The nisi clashes last weekend with police and Red civilian ganss was i msr reported today by the Free Jurists ] ™'T. League, a West Berlin intelligence oreanisatlon. n Geol '? BK Bl d«ult and Britain's act- foreign secretary, Lord Salis- It said anti-Red fishermen from Government Before Treatr Western officials are determined that , ne establishment of political Agreement on Conference The Communists said 392 more H'isoners, including 70 Americans, will be liberated tomorrow (7 p. m. 1^1 \\ ednesday i. Siunty Americans came out of the bif ik Communist prison camps in the first day's exchange, many with laughs and shouts, all with heartfelt thanksgiving to be homeward bound. For them and 330 other former Allied captives the Korean War had imally ended, nine days after firm topped at the front on July 27. However, the sharp joy was blurred by a grim report from the first American officer released. Maj. John Datijat of Richmond. C ill! told newsmen the Reds had i numcd some U. S. officer captives to long: prison terms only \ o tins ago for "instigating"U im i peace." After Truce That was seven days afler the armistice. Daujiii was swept into the homeward processing before he could elaborate. In a later interview at learby Freedom Village he didn't add to his first report. In Washington. Pentagon and Stale Department spokesmen declined comment. The 400 Allied troops released included 250 South Koreans, 2fi British, 23 Turks, 12 Filipinos, 7 Colombians, 7 French and 1 each irom Greece, Australia, Canada, Belgium and South Africa besides the 70 Americans. The Allies sent back 2,700 Chinese and North Koreans. Seventy more Americans—<!2 of ! them sick and wounded—will be included with 250 Koreans and 72 other Allied personnel in the second day's exchange. The Ki'ds who went north in the tir:U clay 1 ;; exchange erupted at the last nilnule in defiance of the Al- snarled and cursed American off! cers and flashed anger. The dis play obviously was aimed at prop nganda for the Red newsmen ant photographers who stood nearby. In contrast, the Allied troops showed what they shouted—"Glad to be here!" "Welcome home." answered soldiers and newsmen. Some South Koreans broke down and wept. Some didn't even know (here was a truce. They had left their northern prison camps not knowing what awaited them. One tearful ROK repatriate bit a fingertip and traced in blood: Quietly Happy "The Communists never defeated us." Most of the Americans were simply, quietly happy. One returning prisoner threw his Chinese blue clothing sharply to the ground. Another laughed. Some waved. And mingled with the brightness was a touch of tenderness as waiting hands picked up stretchers of sick and wounded men who came from prison camps on their backs. About half of the 70 Americans were sick and wounded. The American prisoners were sped to Freedom Village, 13 miles south of Panmtinjom, for showers, food, tiuick medical treatment and tie first processing for their trip lome. The British were taken to Camp Britannica and the South Koreans o Camp Liberty, both near Free- Join Village. Newsmen at Freedom Village toted these men did not relate the ales of torture, death and maim- ng told by returning Allied pris- uiers released in the sick and vounded exchange last April. Associated Press Tokyo Bureau 3hief Robert Elinson said it was By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN few days of final Allied POWs, other "The War Department caught hell after some of the stories that sick and wounded told got out last April." one officer told Eunson. The Americans will be taken from Freedom Village to Inchon, a port on Korea's west coast, where they will board transports for home after processing, than South Koreans, will be sent to Japan for processing before starting homeward. Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, highest ranking American in Red hands was not among those delivered in the first group. He was captured in July 1950 while leading his U.S. 24th Division in action near Taejon. The first free-bound convoy from the North barely missed passing the first Allied convoy carrying Red prisoners north at 8:55 a. m. There were three Molotov trucks, ambulances and two jeeps in the first two rickety Uussian-built batch. One of the first to Identify himself was Maj. Daujat, who shouted had been a prisoner for 31 months. long Speech The day was gloomy and (Sis weather was muggy. One North Korean prisoner made long speech when he stepped rom an American ambulance. He thrust a blood-stained petition at an American officer, who ignored lim. Other Reds ripped off their U.S. Jlothinjj and threw them ?.t ArnerU :an medical attendants. Red guards restrained them. A North Korean tried to knock down an American with a shoe mil another hit a major under the eye with a crutch. It was a propaganda reception or the Red prisoners and not a vclcome home. The prisoners SEOUL (AP) — U. S. Secretary of State Dulles and President Syngman Rhee reached quick agreement today on ground they will cover in four days of vital talks. They reportedly decided to seek an international post-armistice Far Eastern political conference be- ' tween Oct. 1 r.-;:d 1?. Zosven, a town 20,miles south of j frefidom throughout Germany- is an sr ^rconir « — uial siep "M 1 ? process ' of set - Gcrmali Y,mm .FD.1. and a police'' ms . "" ."" ""-C""™'"' B°vern- patrol at Mollen Lake. I 11 """, 1 ' '•'"'thermore. they have tak- O'lf fi'-her'ivn w->- wounded in' en ™* hne t hat such a government , -- - 0 0 _ , the' arm with "a pistol shot bv a !"'"- sl be created before a peace : bomber blazing like a meteor plunged into the North At-i"? ,, mlmil . < '. '"'•''""£ «'ith Rh,'(> biue-shirtcd FDJ. and me latter i lrea| v '"•'" be «>sned. Then- argu- ilantic early today and its 23 men jumped into the icy waves '• , newsman He rei..;.« was then beaten to death. ]'"<'"' has been that a treaty draft-j : • * i- Mm , vn i lmlrs after" the RB3B -' ° hr JT^'^t ' "'""'''''" Pour members of the Zosscn!<?d by the big powers in the ah- I f+ a » ij reconnaissance plane went down L - 1 " p "™«<- 1 .mil lln- .sivsinn "«.-n. Fishiim Association weir ar,rp.,;cd i sonoe of a representative German i l^ O IS fCil OSfP : > British ship, the Manchester VC ' T w ""-- w<; had a 1:1101! prelim- icn hud been told some- Many ripped and n vhere in their Army processing to ed as though they were well aware new American-provided uniforms, soft-pedal the stories bee POWs on Page, 13 * LONDON (AP) — A big 10-engine U. S. Air Force i „ ",V,-.eu .'.'ie U. N. Assembly reconvenes All, 17, it is lo arrange details of t. e international conference which, by terms of the Korean armlstic,-. must start by O.:t. 27. A qualitlec' iviurn 1 said Dulles and Rhee (i«iwd Unit Korean questions left unsealed by the war should rale primary attention at '<™m the i hour and : la ° e i-'reated lo speed them on their way home. By ROBKKT EUNSO.V nl WILLIAM J. WAL'GH FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea (AP) — Seventy Americans, i Communist prison camps behind Ihcin, savored their first taste the horror and boredom of of freedom today at tliis vil- o authorities considered thai started when the FDJ's tried to , She Soviol note lefi the way open break up a moonlight fishing ex- for proceeding- along this line, pedition. [since, in referring to discussion of the German problem, it mentioned first the establishment of German unity and second the conclusion of a peace treaty. The Western note of July 15 pro- Missourion Hurt As Car Leaves Calvary Baptist To Offer Two Grades open 7 for kindergarten and first grade students, it was announced today by she hud picked survivor and rescued one ry tnlk ;md ;u;reed on lupi 10 be tiisuussi-'d." Mo.. w.;s injured yesterciny after-! trian independence treaty. Russia noon when the car he was driving i ^ouniered with a proposal that leu ihe road to avoid crashing into '• work on this should be postponed up body. 4L>0 miles west of Frestwick, | Tfl ° - s °urce said Rhee and Dulles ; Scotland. jcnnir to no decision on whrrr I.IH: j Starch punies sighted two! T " ar East( - r » ^>if>rem:o shuultl bf j jiKis.scs of wreckage 285 miles' nnd P r()ij;ib 'V Put nff mini iheir ! I apart. Ships rushed to both places,! nm m™M"R Thursday l.hr cnni.ro- i | One circling rescue plane ra-' versinl question of unifying Korna. calvary Baptist Church here will | <-j ir) nd that it 'had spotted a rafti Rhee wants to resume thc w.ir if i Christian Day School Sept. i v .-irh five men aboard. Four of J the political conference makes no i ihe men waved but the fifth seem-[headway on this question and the ] ed to be motionless on the wild- j United States has promised to walk i ly lossins raft. i nut O f jj ie conferenrn nfier 00 days : Crewmen bailed out of the bias-] if the Commimisls persist in stall- mp RB36 at 2.400 feet while Hj mg on uniiicmmn '•• u-:is en route from Travis Field, j M ., V S[ ' „..„, j Caliiovmu, to England. Some may) > M I The classes will be open to all have ridden the plane down in ^'<->> Tllp source said al.-.o it wns ' children, regardless of church alfil- attempt to ditch her In the 15-foot : " vory Possible" Dulle.- lation, he said. The curriculum \vill ; hi'.;li waves. iin;; on Hie lips uf ;)ri;;oi](M'.s who ap- but bewildered. Homo interviews were conducted wilh j'refjiii'nl interruptions from censors and the men obviously hud bei-n told thrive wove only certain subjects they cotild discuss. "The War Department caught hell aller some of the stories the sick nnd wounded told when they pot nut la.sl April." one officer .said in rcfei im f -; io the exchange of si*-k and wounded prisoners last spring. "Don't Write That" One prisoner said he was captured tjcc;m:,e ft Smith Korean division collapsed on the flank of bis U. S. division. The censor and an interview officer quickly Interrupted: "You cannot write that!" The cr-u:;ot' v'tvs told by one rc- ,iylor. Wli Army commander. . S. Korvctiu-y of lUale .Julin Po:;'"!• Duller find If. ,s. Army t : '.rrp- :ht other libi-r.itrd pn.sunprs irom Pumnun.iuin. All were t-ruclcd by wHctmiin.y; Moidici's. a Mariiif band and Allied tfiry Robert Sotven.s. "We are oil' lo a <>ood start," touches your heart strings when you greet these boys." Dulles called the occasion "one of the "real momenls of my life." Cabs of the vehicles which brought the liberated prisoners licre were; decorated with colorful pictures of pinup sir's. Good Kond One of the first items Was a And tile Navy said 1-1,000 pounds of fresh stores have been loaded aboard the transport, Gen. Walker. See CENSORS on Page 12 * * * Head and chest injuries were re- i means assures agreement, ccived by Mr. Thompeson an at-! Essentially, there are only three tending physician said this morn- ! possible solutions to the problem ini; that i! was too early to esiab-iof Germany: lish the seriousness of his condi-j 1. That the Soviet asree to let tion - ' See BIG FOUR on Pace 12 Bloodrhobile's August Visit May Be Last One North Mississippi County is scheduled for two bloodmobile visits during the month of August. And they could well be the last from Memphis' Midsoulh Defense Blood Center. Unemployment Rising LITTLE ROCK The bloodmobile will visit Manila Aug. 19 and will return to Blytheville Aug. 26- A directive of the Department of Defense last week ordered closing of all defense blood centers. Only regional offices, Hie directive stated, will be maintained. The order came on the heels of signing of the Korean truce. Memphis' center has been notified It is to,cease operations as of Sept. 1. Manila's bloodmobile is .scheduled to be located at First Methodist Church there and Leachville will join in sponsoring the vi.sit, On Its trip to Blyllu'vllle, ihe unit \viil be sot. up at the American Legion Hut on North Second Street, j sufficient employment. i — State Welfare Director A. J. Moss estimated today that 1,000 persons will be put back on welfare .rolls because there isn't enough work lor them in the state's cotton fields. During the past few months 5,000 persons have been dropped from state welfare rolls because there were enough temporary job opportunities, said Moss. Mass said the department's policy is to Rive aid to persons in the seasonal labor class when there Isn't Tuition for each class will be $10 j men on thc rait, and 12 American >.., .,.„, ,„,„,. „,,,.,.„ , u a month, he said. j planes continued thc search: these points at their four-d First grade classes will be con- through the night, hoping u, spot! C ro,ice which ducted from 8:30 a.m. until 3 p.m. i flares. At dawn another dozen will daily. Two kindergarten classes are >: Join them. scheduled, one in the morning and ' British planes also participated the other in the afternoon. Children ''" today's search along with ships may be enrolled in both, kindergar- ; of several nations, ten classes, the Rev. Mr. Melton Th <! first SB29 to sight the rail immediately dropped a boat and See CKASII on I'aje 12 the Korean truce becomes ia.'.tm; See DULLES on Page 1Z said. While there is no age limit for kindergarten classes, he said, children should be old enough to do the required work. Applications for enrollment are being taken now at. the office of calvary Baptist Church, he said. 391 Get Chest X-Rays ot Clinic In Leachville j A total of 391 residents of the Leachyille-Moniic Phone Rate Hikes Again Suspended A schedule of Inr.rMsfrl telephone j Tnc State Health Department's '" Memphians Lose $300 Bond in Night Club Row rates sought in Leachvllle and Ma-I' Tlol)il0 x-ray unit remained nila was suspended for an additional j hi".. 0 :, ''I 0 todil .V,, and will six months yesterday by the Arkan- | sas Public Service Commission. years a;;o. Tile .s:une censor refusr-rl (o allow the ex-pri.soncr to discu.ss deaths of Allied captives on a midwinter march from Seoul north lo the Yalu River "except those deaths you actually saw yourself." As the helicopters carrying thc [eight litter patients whirred down : on the landing strip ambulances i .sped them to clean hospital cots ' and expert care. j None was smiling. j A hospital corpsman remarked I sadly: "Here is thc happiest day of iheir lives and they are too sick OSCEOLA — Walter Pirt:!"r and to appreciate it." Charles M. Skeggs of Memphis Starvation f ° r / elted $3 J°. '" ";;'; ri ; s /" d!™',';.!: ! Thc first tw ° »«<:'• PaticnU were of carrying a pistol ;'.nd coi: to defraud in connection witi turbancc that occured in :i club here Monday night. Skegfrs and Picklcr took posses-,'Communists. ion of an automobile beloiifiinK to a' ,; ; ., n ,.. s Davis said many of his Little Rock travelinc. salesman alt-, lrlf . nfl , Mr , rvetl to death )n ( , ie ear , move to' cr having supposedly made• ,i loan ; , months of 1!)5 , „ dc6crjbcd . . two-day clinic be- i to Ihe salesman at the niKht club, ,,..,.,,„,„„, ln ncd rnmn . ", .. '„, -nnuig tomorrow. The unit will officers said. The trio traveled to '•"••' tm ™ t .. In Red camps as pret- FRKEUOM VILLAGE, Korea fAPj—The head of the hospital at Freedom Village reported today that doctors _ found a high percentage of tuberculosis and other lung dis- porter thai he wrote the story j cases among returned U. N. prisoners of war and said, "1 am when it happened more than two j not sure they will all recover. But Seymour-i Collision Reported Cars driven by Bobbie Brown and "active pulmonary lesions" of the i Forrest Crawford collided yesterday pulled some of them right out of the i^rave." Seymour said over 30 men had first (jO U. S. and oilier U. N. re- s j . . an oier . . re- i „., ,, . . , patriates who entered the evacua- " thc latter iuvs backmg from ! il P'"'"'"B Place in the 6CO block on ' I'-sst Mam. according to police re- nationahties, but said the bulk was i ;:orrs. Door and wheel damage to ~ Seymour ^ave no breakdown on Leachville ter area were x-rayed 'ay as a month-long series of I tree chest x-ray clinics opened in : Mississippi County Kichard M. Davis of Boonc- . villc, A.rk. ( a 2nd Division infantry- mnn. and Sgt, James Davis, 25, j Mullm. 5. C. Both had spent more th:m two years as prisoners of the In for 10 J^UMIII; OKI viuu L'UinnilS.SlOn. v. , --•.-...,..,», j (n; mm, will i "' * "-ti o artiu. iu<j it i m LI «i'. i' M i.« The PSC suspended the rate in-'?? '° C! >ted at Rodman's Clinic in j Blytheville where the salesman crease sought by Arkansas Asocial- I ??_ • ty lOURh." It ed Telephone Co. in these and six other Northeast Arkansas towns pending a final determination ol the case. The rate increases, ranging from Mr. and Mrs. Lawerence Sim-, - „ , jfnons are traveling with thc unlti™™ to go to St. Lo as x-ray technician and clerk. humped out of the car at a'stop' "« ''^ wonderful" to be back, .light after Wartr* plan:, ot the two ! f." "•"•I""'" ?«">• y»° ^s cap- ; owner of the car on the \' -- for the clinic yester- ! cording to .,..,, "ay wore members of tho I,each-! Young. Blythevi] VIIIR llic "ired Nov. 2V, 1950. He said !1C .! "there':; not many men left" of Dave 'those captured with him. 25 cents to $1.25 a month, have been iThcy I collected by the. company under nnlMrs. T indemnity bond it posted June l.JHut Mr Cloo ' I Icy. Te '' nICR '' )n '"'' ry ' e police were no- • One man Iried to rise from his and Pickler were: stretcher as it lay just outside an ambulance., but he was too weak tlfied and arrested there. A $300 bond was po 'ed for ap-j to stand alone. when 'he ,„.„, «,h,,i,,!» .... r , r ., >. " W"- r ' ralnr '•• Mnyficld, Mrs Incnrance in court ilus morning Another .sal stolidly in an nmbti- uhcn ,he new .schedule was f.,:,t.Cleo Croom and Mrs. R. F. Ship- but was forfeited «h,.,, 1'ickler lance rcndin;; „ small Bible. suspended by thc PSC. and Skct'Bs failed lo appear. .... A convoy of Id ninbulancca Americans Flown to Tokyo Seymour told newsmen "the first group we received was at least as sick as any in Operation Little Switch," the exchange of disabled captives three months ago. He said the "vast majority" of the men received at his hospital today will be flown to Tokyo instead of taking the boat trip home from Inchon. "Some of them evidently have been sick lor some time." he said. "Had I been the one to dc- tnc Brown car resulted- Weather c, they would have been eligible lor repatriation last April." Seymour said some, ot the i'e- I leased POWs had definite malnutrition, but "it Is difficult to say whether it was the result oi then- illness." The colonel said it seemed the Communists "for the last few months have been feeding them the prisoners) much bi'tlrr. We would have expected malnutrition, jut those today not sick were not )adly nourished." "This miKhl explain their better ttitude," he snid. ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight, and Thursday; widely scattered thundershowers; not much change in temperature. MISSOURI -, Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday with scattered showers or thunderstorms mostly north and extreme west; slightly cooler southeast tonight. M;ixh»um yesterday—99. .'.(minium yesterday morning—75. .Sunset tociny—6:53. Hu:ii-l.s ( ; tomorrow—5:14. Precipitation last 21 hours to 6:30 [) ni. yc.sttrdny~.a4. Moan temperature (mlchvny bouvcen Illtitl Hiul low!—R6. Preclpltntlon Jan 1 to dnto—3:55. This IMIC Last Ye.ir Minimum yesterday inonilng—75. Maximum yeiiteHluy -UV.J. I'n-rlpHiitlon Jftnutuy 1 to (lute— 26.T2.