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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAEER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 115 Blythevllle Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1958 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS 400 U.N. PW's Gain Freedom 70 of Returning Men American Soldiers By GEORGE A. McARTHUR PANMUMJOM (AP) — Four hundred Allied war prisoner—70 of them Americans—come home to freedom in a. few hours, opening the happiest postscript to the Korean War— "operation big switch." —— •> The big trade of Allied war prisoners for Red begins tomorrow at ^^ ff 9 a.m. (7 p.m. Tuesday, EST). |i |_J ^% \f ^^ I T Tlla ^ etls are handing over 12,§ O V ^^ I I 7e3 captives—3.313 Americans, 8.* 186 South Koreans, 922 British and • • 342 from 9 other Allied countries. In Tax Case Probed House Group Is Studying $65,000 Fee Pour hundred will be freed daily, 100 each hour for four hours. Some spent almost all 37 months of the Korean War in bleak prison camps in North Korea. They'll return to freedom at this neutral center where Allies and Reds met for two years and finally wrote an armistice July 27 —the ticket to freedom for the POWs. The Allies are giving the Beds 74,000 prisoners—69.000 North Koreans and 5,000 Chinese—at the ate of 2,400 able bodied and 360 sick and wounded daily. Red Cross Inspections WASHINGTON fAP) — Welburn S. Maycock said today he gave the Democratic party j ^boto^ltes^nlse'Ttte™™ $30,000 of a 865,000 Cash fee; at Panmunjom to begin inspection he got in 1948 for obtaining a favorable ruling from the Treasury in an income tax matter. Mayock, former counsel for the Democratic National Committee, made the statement to newsmen In his law office before his scheduled appearance later in the day before a House Ways and means subcommittee. William S. Lasdon of Katonah, N. Y., a drug manufacturer, told the investigators yesterday he paid the lawyer 865,000 in, cash after Mayock got him a favorable INSPECT NCPC SITE—Inspection this week of the site for the annual Jaycee National Cotton Picking Contest to be held Oct. 2, showed plenty of cotton that will mature and be ready for the contestants. The inspection party consisted of (left to right) H. D. Jackson, in whose field the event will lake place; Charles Moore, chairman of the Jaycee Cotton Picking Contest Committee; and Keith Bilbrey. Mississippi county agent. Mr. Bilbrey said the site looked good. (Courier News Photo) Reds Storm. Free Food Stations in West Berlin of prisoner camps and to comfort the homebound captives. Thirty Allied members went north, the first time in more than three years that any Allied representative has gone into North Korea without fightini Thirty Reds came south under protection of D. N. military police, grinning like schoolkids at their first ride in helirjpters. Panmunjom itself rustled rest- essly as The Hour neared. The Reds said the first group of 100 men to be freed would be sick and wounded — 35 Americans, 50 tax ruling. I South Koreans, 8 Turks, 2 Pili! pinos. 1 Briton, 1 Australian, 1 Other subcommittee is investigat- j Canadian, 1 Belgian and 1 South ing charges of "undue influence" Afl . ic . m on tax cases by high Treasury officials. Lasdon testified he paid Mayock in currency at the lawyer's request. Today Mayock iold newsmen "it is true" that $30,000 of 'his fee Went to the Democratic party. He said he did riot wish lo talk further about the case until he went before 'ihe subcommittee. At that time, he. said, "I'll tell the truth and not try to evade or avoid the responsibility for my conduct." "I'll not try to involve anyone unnecessarily but I'll tell the truth and shame the devil," Mayock added. Maycock was identified by John Tobin, counsel for a ways and means investigating subcommittee, as attorney for the Democratic National Committee in 1944 and 1948. The subcommittee summoned Maycock for questioning today about the money and what he did to earn it. A witness testified yesterday that high Treasury officials intervened in the case after government tax experts had recommended against a ruling in Lasdon's favor. The committee is 1 looking for "undue influence" by top Treasury officials on tax case decisions. Lasdon. president of the Nepara Chemical Co. of Yonkers. N. Y., See TAX on Pape 2 Pastors Plan Sewer Study Ministerial Alliance Names Committee Blytheville's Ministerial Alliance yesterday appointed a committee The committee, headed by the Rev. Roy I. Bagley of First Methodist Church, met yesterday and .scheduled another meeting for sometime within the next week. The Rev. Mr. Bagley pointed put that "we are interfiled in the sewer problem purely from a community health standpoint." A resolution from the committee is -expecter! sometime following its next meeting. At yesterday's regular monthly meeting at Hotel Noble, the Alliance heard E. M. (Buddy) Terry, Jr., tell of sewe: needs. His presentation was illustrated with color pictures. Scout Court Of Honor Set A hoy Scout District Court of Honor will be conducted Thursday at 7:30 p, m. at the First Methodist Church In Manila, it was announced today by Dick Watson, advancement chairman of the Chlckaswaba Dlst- An hour later, at 10 a.m., they'll hand back 50 South Koreans, 25 British. 10 Filipinos, 7 French, 7 Colombians, and 1 Greek. The 11 a.m. group will include 35 Americans, 15 Turks . and 50 sick and wounded South Koreans. At noon. 100 South Koreans will be released. Allied troops hurried through last-minute preparations to care for the freed captives. From Panmunjom. the American prisoners will be sped by truck to Freedom Village, near Munsan, there they'll get medical care, showers, mail, food, press interviews for those who are willing and just about everything else the Army can think of. The Big Lift British prisoners will go to nearby Camp Britannica and South Koreans will go to Liberty Village. After quick processing at Freedom Village, the Americans will be flown by helicopter to Inchon, the port of Seoul on Korea's west coast. They'll be held briefly there a few days, and then be picked up by troopships for the biggest ride —home. Some of Ihe sick and wounded Americans may be flown to Japan and on to the United States for j treatment. I Communist correspondents said the first Allied captives arrived by train Monday night at Kaesong, the advance Red truce headquarters six miles northwest of here. A Red Cross spokesman estimated there must be 2,000 POWs in Kaesong or en route from Red camps far to the north. The U. N. Red Cross representatives sent 52,000 pounds of food and other personal gear into Nc.-th Korea for Allied prisoners and the Communists sent 25 truckloads south. Lone lines of Red and Allied trucks entered Pahmunojm The Communists have insisted that all Red Cross supplies will be distributed only by Eed military personnel. Meanwhile, the senior O. N. member of the Military Armistice Commission told the Communists they could expect to get back some ragged looking captives. Maj. Gen. Blackshear M. Bryan said all Allied-held prisoners were provided new clothing before the exchange but some captives had deliberately torn and ripped their clothes. These prisoners will be delivered in the ruined clothing, Bryan said. Outside the meeting, Bryan said he could not see any point In reequipping these people at the U.S taxpayers' expense. In the short commission meeting, Bryan also told the Reds the U. N. Command had withdrawn from all the North Korean islands specified In the armistice agreement. By RICHARD KAS1SCHKE BERLIN fAP) — More than 6,000 Communists, including in today and made an effort to break up the free distribution of American food to East Germany's hungry. West Berlin police called out reinforcements and beat back the columns of riot gangs with clubs and water guns in swirling street battles. Dozens of heads were cnicked *• and about 150 Communists, including seven women, were arrested. Police said they expected more attacks. They reinforced their guards around the free distribution centers and moved mobile water guns up to stretegio sectors. The invasions took place in ' .e Neukoelln and Kreuzberg boroughs of the American sector and the industrial borough of wedding in the French sector. "We gave them a good beating," said a West German policeman in Contracts Due in September Congress OK's Funds for Base $9.7 Million Ready to Use; Added Funds Authorized As the fog of confusion lying over funds for reactivation of the air base here lifted today, it was found that BIytheville defintely was scheduled to get—beginning next month— a Strategic Air Command field that will most likely wind up as an $18,601,000 project. ~ —~ + This fog was dispelled today by Du//es Lands at Seoul; To Meet Rhee Tonight SEOUL (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles arrived from Washington tonight for important talks with President Syng- man Rhee. He said he hopes they will help transform the Korean truce "into an honorable and lasting peace." said he will visit Rhee dictate last, year, might take the place of Sen. Lyndon Johnson (D- Tex), the Senate minority leader who originally was slated to go. Japs to Build Red Ship TOKYO Wl—A Japanese shipyard ind the Soviet trade mission here the American sector. , U. S. Hign uoinmiaoiunei tsu^ivAj B, Conant wrote to Soviet High Commissioner Vladimir Semyeriov today inviting Russia to "submit proposals" to unfreeze East German funds in American banks to buy relief food for the East Zone's 18 million Germans. "My government is genuinely concerned for the welfare of the people of Eastern Germany and s anxious to do everything feasible .0 assist in alleviating the suffering in that area," Connnt wrote. "I will be pleased therefore to receive any proposals you may wish to make to utilize the (frozen) funds of the (East German) Notenbank for the purchase of food in the United States for the people of Eastern Germany." Disguised as Food Seekers The riot in the American sector was started by young Communists who infiltrated into a food station area in the guise of food-seekers. While standing in line they began jeering police and the "Amis" (American). When minor scuffling with police broke out the infiltrators were joined by a body of young Communists who rushed across the sector border. The attacks by Communist storm columns were the first direct attempt, to smash food stations in West Berlin. But during the past week the Reds have manhandled hungry Germans who returned home .with American aid packages. The Communists also have imposed a blockade on train tickets to Berlin in an effort to stop the floods of hungry from East Germany to the food centers. Some 3,000 Red toughs stormed across the border into the French sector. Police drove them back with clubs. Another 3,000 attacked in the ' American sector and battled West Berlin police in a street fight. Police finally smashed the raid after calling up reinforcements. McCarthy Points Finger at CIA Head By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) today accused Allen W. Dulles, director of the Central Intelligence Agency, of covering up information about a top official of the Dulles said he will visit Rhee 10 a. m. Tuesday (7 p. women, invaded West Ber-j Monday cs'D, less than 12 hours 'after landing at Seoul city airport. His plane was 13 hours late on a flight across the stormy north Pacific. Officials said it developed engine trouble and returned to the Aleutian Island base at Shemya for repairs. The secretary said be put aside heavy duties in Washington to fulfill a promise to discuss poslar- mistice American-Korean relations with Rhee. Before driving from the airport, Dulles said in a statement read to newsmen; Mutual Respect and Cooperation "I hope and believe that these talks, conducted on a basis of mutual respect and mutual cooperation, will help insure that Employment Hits Record High For July WASHINGTON MV-EmpIoyrnpnt last monlh reached 63,120,000, new record high for July, the Census Bureau said today. Tntal civilian employment, the bureau said, showed slight change from June, but was one million above last year's July figure. Unemployment in July stood at 1,548,000, one of the lowest totals on record for the month. Joblessness last month was about 400,000 below the level a year HRO nd was virtually the same as in June. There were an estimated 55.4EI2,- 000 non-agricultural workers in July. AgriculL ural employment snper?ij.?ret or--station. . McCarthy, chairman of the Senate investigations subcommittee, made public correspondence with Secretary, of State John Foster Dulles about getting information in the loyalty-security file of William P. Bundy. McCarthy, In a Senate speech last, month, said Bundy had contributed S400 to the defense fund of Alger Hiss. Bundy is a top CIA official and a son-in-law of former Secretary of Sfate Dean Acheson. Hiss is a former State Department, employe now in prison, convicted of lying under oath when he denied passing secrets to a pre* war Soviet spy ring. Dulles advised McCarthy that a complete investigation of Bundy resulted in a "favorable determination by the CIA loyalty board and the loyalty review board of the Civil Service Commission." Letter He added ,ho\vever, that a revaluation of Bundy's case is being made in line with President Eisenhower's new security program and he felt he should not "comment on certain phases" meanwhile. McCarthy wrote Dulles yesterday: "Your insistence that the Congress is not entitled to obtain informal ion about improper conduct on the part of your top officers is | extremely revealing—doubly so in view of the material which has been coming to me within the past few weeks. "Unfortunately the Congress is going out of session tonight . . . However, the full matter will be submitted to my committee and undoubtedly to the Senate upon its return. "The Last Man . . ." "I might add that il, would seem that the last man in the world who would try to protect and hide the facts about one of his top officers' associations with and contributions to a convicted traitor would be the head of the CIA." McCarthy earlier had said he wanted to subpoena Bundy, but after a conference with Dulles an- nounc'ed a delay to try to work out. arrangements to question a CIA employe without impairing security,. Then on July 16 McCarthy wrote OuJlts his subcommittee had information Bundy contributed to the Hiss defense fund. Dulles replied Bundy disclosed the contribution when he applied for a CIA job in 1951. He Raid the whole matter was being considered in the re-evaluation of Bundy'fi case. Deer Discusses Hospital Sewer Responsibility Rests with City's Citizens, He Says transformed into an honorable and la-ting pi£_;c' for t'.i Kored . . ." Dulles was accompanied by several of his top aides and Henry Cabot Lodge, U. S. ambassador to the United Nations, who he said will sit in on his discussions with Rhee. Thus, Dulles said, Lodge "will be fully aware of the viewpoints of Ihe Republic of Korea when he heads our delegation to the Aug. 17 special meeting of the United Nations General Assembly." Dulles is scheduled to confer live days with Ehee. unhappy partner in the Korean truce. Before his departure. Dulles called the talks "a preliminary exchange nf views with the govern- Republic 01 Korea" County Judge Philip Deer emphasized anew last night the grave situation concerning sewage disposal for the Chickasawba Unit of Mississippi County Hospital in a talk reviewing county government, i ment of the and the duties and responsibilities ! prior to the post-armistice political of the county judge at a meeting j conference. Banners Out He will discuss with the fiery 78-year-old President a u. S.-Korean treaty to strengthen the war- torn country acainst the possibility of future Communist attack, and the American plan to make Korea "show window of the free world by using troops for rehabilitation. White House stressed Mon™ be used for construction work. A presidential secretary said that in- itead technical training and eqitip- of the BIytheville Junior Chamber of Commerce. Judge Deer pointed out that while the hospital will be completed and ready for use within the next few weeks, it will not be permitted to open, under a ruling by the State Health Department, until adequate sewage facilities are provided. Though the hospll.1 Is a county „,-•-th.iiTombatTr^ps wOTld project, and comes under the re- ' • - - • • sponsibility of the county judge, the obligation to provide nrci^sary nd satisfactory sewage facilities rests solely with residents of Bly- thcville, he said. In his talk, Judge Deer also cited the county juvenile problem and the road and bridge program. Cites Delinquency In the first six months of his administration, ne .said, 175 boys have come before him -in juvenile court on a wide variety of delinquency charges. Judge Deer pointed to need for more active work by civic orjiitni- zaUons, schools and churches in reducing the incidence ant) Hiding GOP Must Replace Sen. Taft Knowland Only Candidate In Sight By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON (A-P) — Brushing aside some protests, Republican senators today set out to elect a permanent, majority leader, with Sen. William F. Knowland of California the only candidate in sight. And Knowland supporters indicated that Sen. Homer Ferguson of Michigan then would replace lim a.s chairman of the Senate GOP Policy Committee. A last-minute effort to delay the election—scheduled at a closed- door session to which all 46 Republican senators were invited— was beaten late yesterday in & contest that may open a breach n OOP Senate ranks. The delaying move was led by Senators Bridges of New Hampshire, who tops all Senate Rcpub- icans in seniority, and McCarthy of Wisconsin, who told reporters it would be "a serious mistake" to hold the election today. Asks for Tost Knowland met the challenge head on by quickly assembling the policy group. It was learned he told the committee he was unwill- Sen. John L. McCleUan, who told the Courier News from Washington that^1) Final Congressional action late last night approved immediate spending of $9,713,000 on reactivation of the base. 2) This supplementary appropriations bill also authorized, but did not appropriate, an additional $8,888,000 for further base work. Sen. McCIellan said Maj. Gen. Lee B. Washbourne, Air Force director of installations, told 'him this morning the Corps of Engineers can begin letting contracts and advertising for bids in September. The $9,713,000. the senator said, is "cash on the barrel head" now at the disposal ol the Corps of Engineers district office in Little Rock and will be used for the work to ba launched next month. Letting of contracts involving the additional $8,888,000 may be started 1 by the first of the year, Sen. Mc- CIellan quoted Gen. Washborne as saying. Status of Funds Here's how he explained the status of the added funds: "Under the terms of the bill, tho Air Force can come back before the appropriations committees of both Houses and get clearance to proceed. "The Air Force will present to the committees its estimates and program for use of the $8,888,000 sometime right away. "If approval is given — and we think it will be — the Air Forcn will Immediately start planning further work and Is expected to be ready lo start letting those contracts by the first of the year." Sen. McCIellan said the $9,713,000 will be sufficient to begin the work and the added money will not be stressed included: 1. Unification of North and South Korea under the Republic'of Korea. 2. Withdrawal of Chinese Communist troops from North Korea. 3. Early conclusion of a mutual security pact between the United States and the Republic of Korea. President Rhee conferred at in rehabilitation of juvenile dclin- j !? n g lh with another member of the I Dulles party, Asst. Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson, last month. ! Senators May Attend ! Rhee strongly opposed the present truce In Korea because it left Ihe country divided with the South holding a little over half of the streets gave ; cr since June, when Senate Leader some hint of what Rhee wants to | Robert A. Taft of Ohio unshoul- tell Dulles. The major points I dered the task as his health wcak- quency. In a business meeting following Judge Deer's talk, a resolution was adopted unanimously calling for 'he establishment of an industrial committee within the Jaycfe orKtmi- zation to work, in conjunction with the Chamber of Commf-rry, toward bringing more industry to Blyllv- ville. The resolution dflegjjt'-d President Billy Boone anrl Bob Warren to appoint members to ili<- committee who are lo meet with the in-' m'"' ( ' ranking U. S .senators might,' ""'"'", '""'""""• """' "-'"'- dustrial committee of the Cham- i >h™' up for part, of the IJull-s-Rhee " , m , Iatt . 'K nore<l m naming Knowland acting leader or Sen Korean land area and the Communist North holding a much smaller population group but most 'of the major industriii] cities. There was a possibility one or ranking u. S ened from the cancer which took his life Friday. ed out that it is Congressional procedure not to appropriate all the funds for a project at one time when they are not all, needed at once. The supplementary appropriations bill containing the money for Blytheville's base was the last measure acted on by Congress before adjournment near midnight last night. Has Narrow Squeak All In ail, the Blythevllle base project squeaked through by a narrower margin than was generally understood here. It had been believed here that an Initial 89.382,000 already had been approved for spending. This figure, it turned out. had Increased to $9,713.000 somewhere along the legislative route because of a re-evaluation of the base made by the Air Force. Consequently, not only the additional $8.888,000 but also the initial S9.713.000 wa-s at stake during the waning moments of this session of Congress. At one point — in the Senate Armed Services Committee — Sen. McCIellan rescued the BIytheville base Irom what appeared to be sudden death. The House had removed from the bill S310.000.000 but Sen. McCIellan got this amount restored Had this 5310,000,000 been lost, BIytheville and nine other proposed In the showdown yesterday, Sen. Air Force bases would have been dropped. Clarlfirs Confusion Sen. Mccirllan clarified much of the confusion surrounding the fate of BIytheville base funds'last night Millikin of Colorado acted chairman and reported a "unanimous decision" by the policy group, with Bridges absent and Knowland not voting, to push ahead with the election. Asks Delay Millikin produced letters of requests for a delay from Bridges, Capehart and Jenner (Indi, Wclu- cr (Idaho), Malone iNevi and Bricker (Ohio). I when he questioned Sen. Ferguson ) (R.-Mich.) on the Senate floor be! fore the bill was passed and sent to the White House. Bids for two base buildings, a wings headquarters and a guardhouse, have been accepted by the , Engineers In Little Rock. These eon- Limng up for the election today ! tracts were scheduled to be award- were Millikin,' PerHiison, Saltc-n- • ed July 29 and 30. stall (Massi, Young (N'Di, Dwor-i However, the lettings were post- shak (Idaho), Margaret Chase Smith (Maine), Cordon 'Ore'. Hondrickson (NJ) and Schoeppel (Kan). There were reports (hat Salton- -:tal!. whip or assistant tloor le:id- commit! PC of ih , ber of Commerce to see what steps lalk.v Two Republicans and two can be taken toward future indus- Democrats had planned to RO until trial promotion for Mr. Boone said Inside Today's Courier News .. .Summertime is practice time for BUS Bind. . .Photo Feature . . . Paj-c 5. . . .Ferr^ Fain singed with $50,000 riamatrt unit. . .Sports •o'ltnw.tevK. sfniils anil srmitr-rs \vfi attend the court, according to Mr. Watwo. will sfnrt ncgotl.ttlons soon (or con-' dropped by about 300,000 from the | seemed to slasul still during .July " ' . - - struotlon of a 10,000-ton freighter , for Russia, the business newspaper Nihoo Keiitl uid today. I .lime figure to an estimal/'d 7.628,- j 000. The Census Bureau noted that! UiJi k a MuonaJ aovolopment. . .Spin-Is. . .Paitrs 6 and 7. . . .Osceola News. . .Pa([p, J. the city. the committee members would be named immediately and a meeting with the Chamber of Commerce group would probably be arranged for this week. H was also announced at the meeting that the stock car races, held at Walker Park every Friday night and Sunday afternoon, have been taken over by the Jayrecs and will be operated by the organiza- ' tlon in the future. Pour new members were inducted last night. They were Don Kerbaugh, Rod Elils, Carl Ivy and Denny Bynim. OueM,s al the mr-n- Ing wore Ted Bour/lks, P. n Fin- I". H. A. Haines mid Rowland Faust. Congress failed to adjourn as planned last, week-end. Son. Kimwland (R-Callf), acting GOP leader, said he would decide sometime Tuesday on a request by Dulles to join him in Seoul. There v.-as a report in Washington that Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala), Democratic vice presidential can- Dirksen (III) were willing to take the policy chairmanship. But neither had a public bid out. poner( when the Fnnine"rs said they See AIR BASE on Page 2 Weather Weather Gloomy For 'Operation Big Switch' MUNSAN I/PI—The weatherman could offer only a Bloomy forecast for tomorrow's start of "Operation BlK Switch"--the r-xrhange of prls- onfis of uiir. HP prrdirtod n cloudy day with KaUered (howort. Second State Trooper Arrives Gene Mabry. state highway police officer arrived In Blythevllle this morning to become part of the two- man office here as specified by Llndsey Hntc.hett, st,it« police director, In an effort to cut traffic accidents In this area, Tom Smallcy, North Mississippi county state poli- ernan, wild tnls morninR. Patrolman Mabry was transferred from the Little Rock oltico of the Matt polioi. ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, widely scattered tlnmdershowers mostly in north and west central portion, not much change in temperatures. MISSOURI — Mostly fair tonight and Wednesday; cooler most of north tonight; low tonight 60 north to 70 south; high Wednesday 80 extreme northeast; 90 southwest. M.ixlnlum yesterday—M. Minimum yesterday morning—75 Sunset toci]iy~G:59. Prte.lpitntlon last 24 hours to 6:30 p m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between l£h nnd low)—84, Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—32.21. This Dale Last Year Minimum ye.sterdnv morning- -75. Maximum yrstntlay •!>!>. Precipitation January 1 to d«t« —' M.72.