Sioux City Journal from Sioux City, Iowa on April 5, 1896 · 6
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Sioux City Journal from Sioux City, Iowa · 6

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Sioux City, Iowa
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Sunday, April 5, 1896
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6
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G THE SIOUX CITY JOURNAL: SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 5, l9G. A 40-YEAR-OLD IOWA PAPER Tt5 Iowa Talis Sentinel Eecallt Four Decades inlcia Jonrtalism. ONE OF" THE OLDEST IS IOWA T he Pioneer and Their Trials and Temp-ttIou The Founding-of Newspaper in Parly Tlmca In Iowa Some of the Proprietor and Contemporaries, Iowa Falls Sentinel, 2.7: With thi3 num ber the Sentinel enters upon its fifth de- '; ". and close?! the 40th year of its ex- J tf-m-e as an exponent of Iowa's best in- tenets generally and Hardin county's in particular. Forty years la a long span in the lives of men ana states alike. It la a span that more than puts the present proprietor back into his mother's arms. It is a span that jv.it a back upon the grand and glorious prairie ' of northwestern Iowa, its cr.un(h:-,s thousands of wild buffalo, elk. dt-cr end antelope. It puts us hack to the tiny a when the stealthy treading red men till clung- to the soil as sacred to the r.iniorii ;l of their fathers, and who, in the gladsome sunshine, pursued their flee- ln,T game as had their ancestors for cen-t n in before. It puts us back to days when tha rush, tho roar, the. rumble and i of railroad trains wer heard on '!' twa short bits of track this side of the, 1'athcr of Waters. It tends us back ir: to the doi.no solitudes that knew naught f tho chimes of the- blessed church bell, iiuf the warning1 call to study by the thousands of brazen toncu.es that clans fun above the. myriads of school houses i..at row oot our fair landscape every- v i.i Jt w a span that puts us away rat k prior to in- advent of the telephone, ptr-jnogrnph. electric, light, ocean cable. '-"ani fir engine, knitting machine, street ir annTtcan machine mads watches at i prop. -hers for utramshlns. It nuts us tack i j tho days when tho tallow candle v. us trie common evening: light, while the v mf '! Itm; was aiTeted only on - tatv Ofcasioim ami by aristocrats, Ion? ti-i-u'iunit in outburst of the first Rero- i.e. tlam... produced from the- "coal oil" that whs "Fprinqpoled" out of Drake's 'ii well m Pennsylvania. It nuts us back to when Iron and wooden inoldboard p.ows J d and la erred their rleketv wav through the. soil, the crop frcm which was cut py if..i old time, slcklo or hand cradle. orJy to bo nailed out hy hand and wln-i owed by the prairie winds from the chaff trat embraced It. it imts us back to the days of the lumbering stage coach, "tri'- w'niy rntila. wooden kein wagons and uurrioiie, nour:r.g mills. It u an historic span that carries us l ack to those darksome days when south- rn Jungles and swamps echoed and re- ' b ,-d to tho desnairlng crie of the fu- a;u slave, pursued by the relentless bioodhound. It puts us hack to dav. along :-.i)t- rior to the time when first tup ocean were linked together bv i ' r 1 r cf .:?eEi, ard almost o the time when th Kreat Pathfinder himself was as t uncertain whether such a thing: as a i ra irc-.a coi'id ever be made, to s:iecsftllv "oato tho lofty backbone of c.o comment. It fi'ir:. ' us back to the davs when V.'f Jftcr, Ciuy, Renton. Wade, Giddinvs, "!w:o Corw;n. Sumner, Seward, Douglas, Culi.cun, liaynes, Toombs. Davis. Cobb, V, p.'I'al!, Stephens and other intellectual i-,';tnts were wrestltr.gr in the nation's i r. arena with a fierceness and iicm that can be likened to nothing less than the combats In gladiatorial Rome; to t: - days when Lincoln was a country h"vyec at Springfield, when Grant was p'.ill celling leather In Galena; when Sher-n i- was an obscure professor In an ob-; uro southern military academy, and his bicther, tho now famous senator, was ji'.- t putting on . his first congressional .-i'urs; when Garfield was still a peda-,.-j.--u- at Hiram, and to when Lilaine was i .uinc-hing hid ecrller rhetorical pyrotechnic amid the piney arches of the Maine v. . -I is a span that brldcs the terrible epoch of the civil war, which sanguinary r-'-.rd can never bo washed away; but which ltt to ua the grandest political i:-Dr'.e on ins carta toaay a united re- i.:uM!C. ' . , . - . Fc-ur decades also carry us back to a time when Iowa Falls, or tVen llocksyl-anta was unheard of and almost un-tliCiiirtit of, and when I21dora was a tiny l.tth hamlet too in.sipnlUcant to be noted on any map of the state that w can find of that .period. Practically speaking1, thj history of the S-nUnel is continuously coincident with that cf Hardin county front the beln-v!: .;. a the county was not created until bv act of general assembly approved Jan-tmrv 1". lil, Mt which time It contained r:- tn or twelve settlers, and not until lucre than two years later, vis., March 2, !": were elected the nrst set of county t ffU-ur-. ICveti after so elected they jkjs-f-' -ct"! no neat of grctvrnment until the latter part of Juno of that ear when the 1 rosoru fl'e of nidora was selected. Even at the neentKi election htld In August, IMA, only about IS votes were cast. 1 hese lew e ents are all of any particular moment that occurred of a public nature tnit-r to the year in which wa flrnt aent iortli to the" world the Hardin County fcSt 1. 1 J nel. TI exact Gate of the first number of tin- Hentinel Ls March -2, 1S5S. from which timo until now it has covered an even leer decade two score of forty years' continuous publication. The i-done'-rs- of in this county were men of enerpy. ntelUirencf, ambition and bitne aounin. They did not rent their falt!i r ntirely upon the weelth of the sod und h;il and blu.r which they found in all t !' ',!' virj.inlty hero, but they looked farther out uron the broad jer.peetive of Vfi and promptly recognized that with ell thfse uttrtbutr-s it was necessary to r-stab -.h at the earliest possible moment ti. ' church, the school and the newspaper. And fo It wa. ti-.at. pdor the nows c f the winter of had'been f wept down the river, th j.popie o Kldora beian con-i-Mi'rinj' measures to pool th' ir nnances, .rcha - material and establish a news-1-s'n r. With cluiracteristlc enterprise this - i : ne. Tlie out fit was received and ! laced in charge, of t. M. Holcomb under .t leasehold, mlh J. D. Thompson a.T edit rr opiv a snort time elapsed before the nit e.1 iliv arrived and Hardin county's banner was bun- upon the outr wall; 1 rr ben eo -i i.'ht bias- 1 forth and the v, hite winse.l inesser.R-eis were sent upon their vekly tn'yicn of good will to all i . 1 1 of it country. It was no rmsll matter, this early estab-r-'imfi't c-f a newspaper, at such a time, iioa in a rerion so wud and sparsely s?t-ti'jd. put the deed was done and done in a manner th.it would do credit to smch an enter;-ris.' in even this day of push, I.rTrfH?, rsdireads, triecraphs and lm-v roved appliances. As n-ar.v as can bo ti.eertainei. the tiles were burned, the if ntlm I was neatly pot en up seven-col-;mn fe'.io. and its makeup und peneral art-earance refieeted freat credit upon Mr. Hoieomb, ?dr. Thompson did him-.1.1 prctsd In h's icalutatory, as the article jt-rdr at te-t. as we find it in the History cf Hardin County, cn rncp 4:-7. From the i . nouree we warn that in addition to Vs ."ilutatory Mr. Tiiompson embellished ti- ilrst Isue with several other articles i' merit, besides run -an a fioc-dly crist 0 f local new saddest amon w hich was 1 Km account of tne death by freezing- of Thomas Downs, caused by intoxication, as tba coroner's Jury found, and they re-verc-iy censured the ones who sold the victim tho r e'.'on by making them acces-5-rfps before the fact. Put Mr. Thompson utct even further than the jury, and taxed up the blame upon the people of the tountv, for sllowl.v;- the rum curse a hold in the commumtv at an mus i n-e m-tial nu-nber ronmittinif the paper to the h-." best code of mora!. f:i l-'.T tne StrMnsl was scld to Jam's i'r --rs. Messrs. Thompson and Holcomb t.oi : retiring. --lr. peers conducted the i.nT.fr r.eariv i ne vcar, when hie sold out T.t-.-t one half and a little later his remain-int rest to J. 1. Hunter. esj.; the now vuirin and widely known editor of the .tiiter City Freeman. Mr. Hunter re-' .tined at the helm of the Sentinel about t.v vears. or until 1&-3, when he eur-?.-r .ae i th tiller to M. C. Woodruff, esq. U;. isr Mr. Hunter's able man 4 foment unA enrftio mithods, the paper grew and throve rapidly,, Mr. Hunter Tvas a hard worker, a conscientious editor, a forceful writer during- that portion of the war period when milksops- were at a dis count and when men who had the courage of their convictions were at a decided premium, and so being:, Mr. Hunter's friend became legrlon in Hardin county and his friends were of course the frlend3 ct the Sentinel. Durintr the incumbency of Mr, Hunter tha entire plant was -destroyed by fire, entailing heavy lo?3, but with a pluck and energy characteristic of the man It was only about six weeks before he resumed publication with new material from Chicago and the mechanical appearance of the paper was thereafter much improved. When he retired from it b had built up a stror.fr support everywhere for the paper, and imparted to it an impetus that has seldom since been permitted (o slacken. Frcm 1SC3 to the latter part of 1S65 Mr. Woodruff continued publishing the Sentinel in Kldora. but in November of that year, for reasons which he evidently considered good, he announced that after his issue on the lfdh of that month he. should move and publish the paoer at Iowa Falls. The reasons that geem to have im-v cl!ed him to this change arose from the fact that the Dubuque and Sioux City rr.llrcad would soon be completed to this idace, thus makinp it the leading market town for the county, and that he despaired of Kidora getting a road for many years. I'pon arriving here the name of the pa- per er was changed to that of the Iowa r ails Sentinel, and" Mr. Woodruff continued as Its editor and publisher until VM, when he sold it to J. D. Mathews, who Fuccess-fully conducted it until 1572, when the-plant, rood will and subscription list became the property of O. W. Garrison, ; Mr. Garrison controlled the business until 1S74, when outside affairs Impelled him to relinquish it to Weaver & Hampton, who, however, conducted it only a little moro th?.n a year, when it was .again turned over to Mr. Garrison, who was Its chief until in lS7i'i when his son, Frank K. stepped into the traces with him, under the firm name of O. We Garrison & Son. the business being- so conducted for about one and n half ve-ars. Then Frank K. Garrison dropped out, and O. W. Uarri son resumed the sole control and continued until the earlier part of la7, when ha sold the plant to L. D. Tracy,, who, after a brief ownership, tlisposed of the property to Charles Kliiott, who presided over its destinies until lsi5, when he sold the plant, good will and subscription list to S. C. riatt, the present editor and pro prietor. An efTort at investigation covering- 'all those years develops the fact that the Sentinel was rightly named. It was a sentinel among newspapers, as well es for the pec pli of this portion of Iowa, with all that the name implies at us lounamg. tor a hasty, though reasonably careful research shows that it was among the first, if not the firet. paper established and yet alive north of Dts Moines and west of Du- bUQUP. - - It was established the same year wun the Des Moines Rejrister. elpht years prior to the Fort Dodjre Mesener, - two years Drier to the Cedar Falls Gazette, fourteen years prior to the LcMars Sentinel, fourteen years ahead of the, Cedar Kapids Republican, three years ahead of the Mar- shallbown Times-Republican, one year nrior to th ebster City Freeman, and only nine years subsequent to the establishment of the Dubucjue Telegraph. Almost all of our present strongest contemporaries in the northern half of Iowa are from one to ten rears the Sentinel's juniors, and her.ee it is that we reiterete what wo stated at the openinp. that "Fcrty years is a loner ?ran m the live of men end states alike, and wo now add in the lives of newspapers as weu-Hut this must not be taken to mean that the S"nti"el feels old and decrerit- On the contrary, it feels as frisky and frolick-som as a lamb in fiy time as far as such things so. but the retrospect makes us feel jrood and solid and somcining aicm to dlsnified as any jycod, conservative, prosperous forty-vear-dd purveyor of news should. That's all. - Tho present nroprietor came into pos session of the Sentinel in May. lSi'3. He found tho business well established, the nlant a cood c-ne and the paper s con stituency ef that thrifty, l?yal character calculated to encovrasa him to try and so develop and improve the paner as to not only receive, but to merit, their sup port and esteem. "ot on the American Plan. Baltimore Bun: The English are a slow- people, considering tneir opportuniues. Recently It was announced frcm London that Lord Salisbury, acting in behalf cf many subscribers, had presented Mr. Middleton. who oragnized the last con servative campaign, with a check for $C0,-000. This wag a handsome payment of a political debt. But what is most remark-r.hlo in it is the fact that British politicians went down into their own pockets for the wherewithal. They actually paid for the triumnh of their ideas in the elec tion of it conservative majority in parlia ment with cash out of their own nurses: We do these things differently. The successful manager of a campaign would be paid, but with a federal salary or with the privilege oi aictaung appointments to effice. or writing: a tariff schedule. Wo should make him consul general in Len-fon. or ambassador somewhere, or 'Collector, or postmaster. He mipht even hoe for a place In . the cabinet. Our Btatesmen. when triumphant at the polls, know how to saddle the payment of their party aebts cn tne people. C7D0-IAiilES 'i Hints by May Manton. Sheer linen batiste Is here shiwn plain ly but stylishly arranged over apple green taffeta lining, tha. collar, belt and round cuffs being of green satin. A glove-fitting waist I;nmg of tff;ia that cioses in centre front forms tne foundation for tee fu.I front and back that is gathered and joined to the square, tucked, yoke por tions, closing at the ieft shouiaer. The full sleeve? are shaped, in three sections und arranged over two-seamed lining in tucks or plaits that turn backward and forward from the box p'.alt at the shoul der and back of arm to the wrist. Round, tiring cuffs of satin compieie the sleeves. iNffif ':vJf - PATTERN ORDER BLANK. Fill in your narna and address and mail with 10c to Pattern Department, The Journal aud Times, Sionx City, Iowa. Name iVb. of Pattern, Address Bo cot rank complaint of cca-re-eipt of THEY.. CAN TALK LIKE BIRDS A Tribe of Indians with Queer Speech Dis covered in Alaska. FINDING OF THEIE MUMMIES Dr. Frank XSoaz, of the Smithsonian Io- stitntion, Studied the Tribe Found Something, Tho, About Alaskan Mam mies. P.cne Bacho in St. Louis Globe-Der.io crat: . A tribe of people who talk like biros has been discovered by Dr. Franz Boi.z. lie was the first white man to -corner acrorH there chirruping savages, near the boundary between Alaska and British Columbia, though many travelers have heard them spoken of by other In dians. Once a tribe of some importance. only about twelve individuals now sur vive, and" they are perpetual fugitives- hunted like wild beasts, in fact, and pos sessing- no permanent homes. For ever bo long it has been a practice among the ccast Indians of Alaska, -when a chief died, to go and kill a few of the Tsutsowt as" the people who. talk like bird3 are called the object being: that th chief might bave servants to wait on him while on his way tb the aboriginal paradise. In the course of time the pur s-it of this good old custom greatly reduced theynumber of tho Tsutsowt, and Ihe latter 'during the last fifty years, be-lnr too few. to. fight, -have been kept con tinually on the Jump. The last of them t'.rculd have been killed some time ago but for the fact that they have retreated to th highest mountains, where they live cnicry by hunting marmots. These little animals dwell among the rocks, and maycftc-n.be seen sitting erect at the mouths of their holes, whistllnsr shrilly. The Tsutsowt capture them by means of oeadrail traps set at the hole mouth. Few savages In the world have such primitive habits of living as the Tsutsowt, Villages they have none, and their huts, erected for merely temporary purposes, are composed cf a few boughs put together for a shelter. Yet, of course, the climata of the lofty mountain tops in Alaska is extremely severe. Dr. Boaz had much trouble Jn finding . tnese people, owing to their moue of life. At length he came upon a Tsutsowt boy and. obtaining his confidence, was intro duced to other members cf the tribe. The birdlike language of which he had heard much appeared to owe its peculiarity to an extraordinary richness in sibilant and rruttural sounds. When spoken it had actually a remarkable likeness to the chirrupins- of birda. Though Dr. Bcaz is accustomed to the acquisition of strange languages, this one prt'ved the most diukult that he ever ha.d tried to learn.. Furthermore, the Tsut- i-swt could not imagine why he should wish to make a dictionary of their speecn. When he asked one man what was his term for a bear's den, the reply was: Tt is useless to tell you. No white man could ever find one." When he asked the man to translate the words, "I shoot the bird v-hUe- it is flying.' he answered: "I am not such a fool. I wait till it sits down." Tho Tsutsowt tribe formerly consisted of two clans, and among them the common aboriginal law- aealnst marriage within the clan was rigidly enforced. That to Pay. no maiden could take a hus band from her own clan, nor vice versa. But. now one cf the clans has been wholly wiped out, not a single member surviving,' r.r..i on this acount the men have taken wivci within the last few years from the N'a3 river Indians of northern British Co lumbia. Once a year they come down from the mountains and spend a fort night with the Nass river people, in order to see their wives' folks. It is an odd fr.?t that the Tsutsowt are hunters exclusively, whereas all other tribes in their ree'ion are fishermen. , 5 Dr. Tioaz has devoted most of his life to th- study of the savages of the northwest ec-asf. and he knows more about them timr. any other living man. That is almost the only region in the world, he says, where the practice of deforming the human head survives. The deformation is accomplished during infancy, by several different methods. Along the Columbia river the fashion Is to flatten the head by tvlng a hard cushion upon the forehead" and another cn the occiput, the result being an extraordinary broadening of the skull. In the southern part of Van-rcuver's island the cushion applied to the forehead is so arranged that the skull eventually asumes , a triangular shape, -with a huge prominence on each side of tho forehead and a depression in the mid-dis. Further to tho northward one cush ion is used on the front of the head, one on each side, and one on the back, mak-Int the head narrow, with a peak at the tri. Head deformation Is purely a matter of fashion like that of reducing the size of a woman s waist by tleht lacing. The prac tice is not known to affect the mental pow- kr;D WAIST. the standing collar and beit being cf th same material. This stylish waist is adapted to silk or cotton fabrics, affording ample, opportunity for displaying ha:.dsorr decorations - of Dresden, Persian Or plain satin ribbon, now so fashionable. If. can also be developed In cloth or other woolens made ail of one material and finished -pth machine stitching in all th severity cf the. tailor modes. The Quantity of material 03 inches wide requirsd to make this waist for a lady having a SG-lnch bust measur is 4 1-4 va rdp. ; The-pattern, which is No. 730 and retails f:r twenty-five cents, is cut In sizes for a S2, 34, 2d, S3 and 40-inca bH3t measure. 3 Size. tat tern until ten days hare elapsed. ersinany way. thd brain ha Just as much room and conforms itself to the altered shape of the brain case tit i one of the mose Interesting of aboriginal customs. It is found as far south as California, ana m former davs It extended nractically all over. North America, being most popular apparently in the lower Mississippi valley. The Peruvians used it to flatten the heads of their children. Indeed, the custom anciently was spread pretty nearly all over the world. W ithin historic times it was common - from the Caucasus westward clear across Europe, and a survival of It is to be found at this day In the neighborhood of Toulouse, in southern France, where the women swathe their babies' heads in a peculiar sort of cap that altera the shape of the skull somewhat. They do not do it for. this purpose, however, the fashion being a mere rudiment of an ancient custom. On Vancouver's Island the Indian mothers pull the noses of their Infants down and twist the outer corners of the eyes upward, -with the notion of beautifying. Similar practices are in vogue In civilized countries, as everybody knows. , When the girls come near the marriageable- age, they chew pebbles constantly until their teeth are much worn down. The ancient -Mexicans, by-the way, inlaid -th-eir-teeth with jade a custom oddly imitated by some modern women who have gems set in their incisors for ornament. : Perhaps the most remarkable curios of the northwest ccast are the Alaskan mummies -wholly natural products they, and owing nothing to artifice. , The. truth is, Jiowever, that mummies are always natural products. They are found in arid regions all over the world, and the rainless areas of the United States afford no exception to the rule. Mummies are discovered in the caves of the old time eliff dwellers or the southwest. One cf these is now preserved in the Peabody museum at Cambridge, Mass. It is a baby so perfectly desiccated as to be almost lifelike. Even the eye$ are intact. The child is fastened tc a board cradle, and on its breast is laid an ear Of corn. This last point is particularly interesting. . Among the Moqui Indians of today, every Infant Is dedicated to the rising sun when it is twenty days old, an ear of corn being used In the ceremony as a symbol of life. ' A fact not popularly understood is that mummies in general are a natural '&nd not an artificial product. They are found only in rainless regions, where the bodies of human beings or other animals are preserved without the aid of- artifice. The great desert of Sahara is full of mummies of camels. and men, lying where they fell and died. They -serve as way marks for caravans. For lack of moisture to promote decay, they have dried up. The pro-etas adopted by the ancient Egyptians for the preservation of the dead merely served toasslst nature, and their purpose was to a great extnt ceremonial. Religious murnraiftcatlon has been known only in countries where there is no rain. . Some years ago Kenry Elliott, the naturalist, found, thirteen mummies in a cave on Ragamil island, which Is one of the Aleutian chain. They werewrapped In skins and net, and were perfectly desiccated. Eleven of them are now in the Na tional museum. This was an extraordinary case, however. The cave was heated by steam from volcanic fires; and this was why the bodies were dried and preserved A cave in Kentucky yielded -a number of mummified bodies of Indians, which, though the climate of the region was moist, were preserved by saltpeter in a sort of dry pickle. It is said that in Africa corpses are sometimes mummlnVri bv suspending them Ma . the , hollow trunks of baobab trees. 11 . The mummies of Peru are as w el! nre- served as those cf Egypt, yet they were subjected to no artificial processes of em balming. The bodies were merely swathed in skins of mats, with alternate lavers of leaves, grass or seaweed. The fabrics employed for this purpose were very beautiful. The bundles formed in the manner described were made as compact as possible, the knees of the Individual being placed beneath the chin. Upon the bundle was sometimes built a false beard, with long tresses cf human hair or of vegetable fiber as a substitute, the features of the face being rudely represented. Ihus prepared, bodies were simnlr bur ied In dry soil, which. In. that country was never moistened by rain. Niter and other chemical elementsMn the soil helped to preserve them. Some of the Peruvian mummies are known 'to be at least 1.000 years old. Recently the Peruvian authorities celebrated the. South anniversary of the death of Pizarro, the famous Spanish connueror, cy digging -ut his remains.. They were found perfectly mummmert, tho right eye being yet in Its socket. The hands and the toes had beep cut off. The internal organs had been transformed into a dry brown powder. The mummy win put into as good shape as possible by fastening the bones teg-ether with cop per wires, introducing a stuffing of car-Dclized cotton, and varnishing the externa) surface. The old gentleman was photographed, and finally was consigned to a marble cof f la In a glass case for permanent exhibition.- In the Metropolitan museum of New York is a very remarkable mummy, done uo in an unusual fashion Jn a basiiet of papyrus reeds. The top of the coffin which incloses the basket is a carved and painted board, done in low relief. It rep-resenta the occupant as eae looked in life a blonde and very beautiful young woman in a white gown, lying at full lenrth. It is an admirable work of art, even the almond shaped nails be-ing carefully represented. Inscriptions on the coffin state that the la4y was an Egyptian princess named Iottnoflrte.: -.. It was the fashion in ancient Egypt to keep the mummies of defunct relatives Jn tf.a house, for a. time at least, before transferrin thfm to their final resting -ace in the tomb. Thus the visitor, on .nterinr the. dwelling of a rich man, would find the doorway flanked on either slio within by rows of handsome And highly decorated coffins. Under the Ptclemies it became a popular custom to cover tha faces of "dead persona with placues of wood on which their portraits vc.tt painted. Quite a number of such portraits, executed by Greek artists, have been found. As a rule, they are art works of the highest merit, comparing favorably with the productions of the best modern -.ainters. A .n cr'mcre were dis covered bv Bedouins near . the ancient city of Croeodilopils, dating back to 200 B. C. The Arabs were locking for salt, when they came across several sarcophagi, which they broke open in the hope cf tindinr gold.; : In tne preparation of a mummy the Egyptians first removed the Intestines and tctk out the bra!ns through the nostrils. Th body was then soaked in preservatives and wrapped in bandages of linen -until the bundle was the same size frcm tc to bottom. This was placed in a papier-mache case, made of a pulp of liner, and whiting and formed so as to represent the occupant. The papier ma-c!.e was covered ail over with hieroglyphic inscriptions, consisting of state ments respecting the individual, prayers to the gods, etc. Finally, the whole was Inclosed in a nest of three of four wooden coffins, each of which bore a carved likeness of the dead person. The preparation of a- first class-mummy was a very expensive affair, costing several thousand dollars. Even at the present-day. such a mummy fetches a high price, though ordinary cnes are so cheap tr.nt they , were used for some time as fuel for locomotives on the railway between -Cairo and- Suez.. A pigment hn-.Kti a-s "mummy brown." which is mail frcm rrrammie; fs commonly used by painters in ells.. As is well known, th ancient Egyptians were accustomed to mummify cats, ibises, hawks and even fniSrM and little crocodiiea. in closing the .reelous remains of these saced ani-rrr-ia in jars of baked e!ay:of sometimes in copper bcxes. Style is stamped in every line of the Gordon hat. Ask your hatter tor 1L " What II Foood. Nw Tork Suit:. The Hon. J. Sullivan Clarkson has returned from the Golden Gate, .and -has been or is now making happy St. Paul. Minneapolis. Chicago. St. Louis and other roads which , lead to Iowa.- It is unnecessary to say that Mr. Clarkson found the Allison boom so thick in -many parts of the Pacific coast as- to be imnassabl: that he detected nowhere anv evidences of a desire on anybody's part to nominate Mr. McXinley; that he is ai fully convinced as ever cf the su-perexcelient prcspects cf his distinguished and -decorative principal: and that wherever- he has gone or goes he has difTnsd or wiii cMrfuse activity, good humor, and a fcatdt of hustiiKg, at .once radiant ard tumultous. "To be in a brown tudy" is a corruption of brow ?t, ,i a study : requiring much thought and contraction of the brows. PI TO fly IJATPn A K Popular Passions Wreaked cn Insjnsate Images. AET WOEXS Di -EUE0PE BBOSES George II Efiigy Made Into Revolutionary Bullets Andre Monument's Destruction Hostility to the i'cre Marquette Statue. New York Mall and Express: The se vere criticism and even the threats of violence which have characterized the opposition to placing a statue of Pere Marquette, the Jesuit priest, in Statuary hall in tho national capitol, brings to mind other public memorials which have been opposed. So great has been the feeling aga.in3t the Marquette statue, and eo fearful have tho capitol's officais been lest an attempt bo made to destroy it, that the ceremonies planned for the unveiling of the statue offered by the state of Wisconsin have been temporarily abandoned, and a - police guard has been placed upon it day and night. Iot sine the Andre monument was erected at Tappan, some years ago, has such a bitter controversy been raised over a memorial; and never before in the history of this country has a statue been opposed for a similar reason, religion. Instances are upon record where statues have been destroyed in our own land in outburst of patriotic feeling, but never through sectional or fractional strife Scattered throughout the whole theater .of. military operations in the south are the nj.riona i cemeteries where sleep the men who fought and died for the preservation of the union. A hundred shafts have been erected by the government or northern citizens to perpetuate the memory of their tRst deeds and heroism. A hundred similar tributes have been accorded the confederate dead by their own loving communities, and never in cither case ha? there been an instance of desecration. On the contrary, the veterans of the blue and eray have otten chivalrously attended Th dedication of each other's memorial offerings. Iccncclasrn In this country has been tne cutsrowth of strong anti-for-e:gn feeling. ., ; in the early days of Constantinople, when siego followed siege, and the city was cften in the hands ot dilierent Christian rulers and varying nations, "failing at last under Mohammedan control, statues stood as mementos of victory and tell as the mute witnesses of defeat. Then the sacred images of St. Sophia wera berert of their heads as well as all the priceless relics of early Ureck art, and even the prehistoric statues were as ruth-' ie.ssiv dr-iaccd. The" use or graven and sculptured images in Christian churches in the sixth and seventh centuries provoked tlv-movement known as icenoclasm. During tho reformation in Switzerland many Roman Catholic churches were completely stripped cf all their representations of sa.crea ODjects. v The terrible Spanish scourge under Alva, lashing the art loving "icw country" reformers into a local fury, was the meens ct causing to the plastic art its greatest losses since the burning of Alexandria the tacking of Rome and the fall of Constantinople. The maddened Flemings and Hollanders associated the images in their magnificent cathedrals and .ublic edifices with the bloodv policy of the inruisition, and 7,000 statues In the eathedials of Antwerp alone were destroyed as an embiem of the bitter hatred of the revolutionists, to whem this icono-c'.zam was the pubiic mark of their severance forever irom Spain and its hated religion of state. And so in the lorrsr years of war of th? .Dutch republic the most superb examples of mediaeval art were sacriiled to popular fury as the only means of fitly exprs rising a religious resentment. It is strange that the passion of the low country people for col6r, even in, this wild frenzy, saved their pictures when thousands of magnificent statues were ruined and the art treasures of the land sustained an irreparable loss. The fury spread, and image breaking followed the reformation in varying lines. In the French revolution, especially in the re'gn of terror and throughout "Napoleon's earlier career, all statues of the Copet dynasty were destroyed. Under the reaction which accompanied the return of the Bourbons in 1S15, all Napoleonic emblems were obliterated and the exile's statues were razed, with the one exception of the Column Vendcme, which supported the statue of the great Corslcan and self made emperor. In the commune of 1S71 the Column Ven-dome was at last overthrown, and with It the heroic bronze statue of Napoleon, the head of which was severed in its fall and secured later, as a relic of these days-of, riot, by an Englishman, who took it across the channel. And. on the downfall of the commune, consistent with the mercurial French character, the column was exactly restored, the missing head was courteously returned from Lrglard. and the original figure was replaced intact upon its pedestal, the tall shaft being cased again with the winding bronze plates after only a slight repair. From this brief review It -will be seen what a multitude of varying religious and political passions have actuated the demolition of public memorials in the old world, due to fanaticism cr the fortunes of conquest. To come down to the brief annals of this country, 'we find what Mr. Iloveils would call "A Modern Instance." On Juiy 9. -loft, the Sons of Liberty pulled down the gilded lead equestrian statue of King Georgo III., which stood iu Bowling Green, and dragged it in triumph through the. streets. The statue was erected on August 21, 1770, by the colony of New-York, in honor of the signing of the repeal, of the stamp act. March 13, 1775. Upon the reception in New York of the exciting news of the Declaration of In-deitfnde"ift at Philadelphia both the fig-tsres of h5rse and rider were thrown from the pedestal by a mob of rejoicing patriots. - -'--.- - v Having hewed the statue into suitable pieces for transport, the patriots sent the metal to Litchfield, Conn., to the residence of Oliver Wclcott, the patriot governor. By his own wife and daughter it was converted into 42.0JJ bullets, which were distributed as ammunition to repel the British soldiery among the whigs of the surrounding country. Ebenezer Haz-zard, in a letter to Gen. Oates. referring to this destruction of the king's statue, said: .His troons -will r-robaotv have melted majesty fired at t.Cem." Ti e sage surmise was well fcur.de', for during a subsequent Invasion f Connecticut bv Oov. --Tyron. 4C! British soldier:? f!t the stinsr of their . kirsr's cold lead and fell on the field cf action. When Washington later evacuated- New, Vnrk. and ieft the city in the pes-ession e.' the British troops, they retaliated in Kind and defaced the statue of William Pitt, the great parliamentary friend and apologist of the revolted colonists, which cier-j at the intersection cf William and Wall streets. This statue was cf marble and was erected cn September 7, 177C bv the colony of New York, in recognition ef Pitt's eminent services in effecting the repeal ef th -taffio act. The Inscription upon It read: "This statue cf the Right Honourable Wiiliam Pitt. Earl of Chatham, was erected as a public testimony cf the grateful sense the Colony of New York retains ef phe many services he rendered to America, particuarly the repeal cf the Stamp Act. Anno Domini.. 1770." During the occupation of New York bv t--o i$r.usn;- tne ntaa and- arms of this J statue were knocked off. In recent times a slumbering r-r.ti-for-eign feeling has again manifested - itself !r. the destruction by dynamite, cf the Andra roonnment at Tapoan. It was a memorial haft -. erected-"by Cvrns - W. Field, fcr which action he was severely criticised at the time in public SDc-ech and nrint. This glorification of his countrv's enemy, seemed to be a needless task for ! an American, in view of the memorial ' bit of the unfortunate rpy in Wesfmin- ! mXtt Abbey the burial place of heroes. j Mp. Joim Andre, a ycur-sr Rritlsh offi- ! ctr of great talent, and Gen, Clinton's I pdjutant general, was captured at Dcbb3 Ferry, near Tappan. He was in a secret leajrue with, the traitor., Benedict Arnold, in the latter's attempt to, surrender Andro was tried by a summary courtmar-ti-.l and sentenced to be hanged forthwith as a epy. He begged in vain to be shot, asking the courtesy of a soldier's death. The ueath sentence was duiy w:e-c.ted on the 2d of October, 17i9. Th monument'- which Cyrus r tela cr.used to be erected on the spot whtre tha unhappy Andre suffered was placed in position and uncovered at noon in the old apple orchard on Andre Hill, near Tappan, Rocaiand county. There were no public dedicatory ceremonies, not more than a single score of persons being present. The shaft, which was of Maine granite, 3li feet square by 5 feet high, was uncovered as nearly as possible at the same hour of the day that Andre was handed, at high noon. Not a single me-mor.al word was spoken, the silence being as profound as it was on that beautiful autumn day in October 100 years before, when the cart was drawn from under the ill fated poet soldier. Tha plain shaft was without external ornamentation. Upon it. in simple letter-. was this Inscription. . "Here died, Octcbor 2. 17i0. Maj. John Andre, of the British, army, who, entering the American lines, on a secret mission to Benedict Arnold for the surrender of West Point, was taken-prisoner, tried and condemned as a spy. His death, though according to the stern code of war, moved even his enemies to pity, and both armies mourned th-a fate cf one so voune and so brave. In ISl his - remains were received at Westminster Abbey. A hundred years after his execution this stone was placed above the. spot where he lay, by a citizen c-f the states against which he fought, "not to perpetuate the record of strife, but in token : of those better feelings which have since united two nations, one in race, in language, and in religion, with the earnest hope that this friendly union will never be broken." As was stated in the beginning, the latest controversy regarding publicly offensive images has arisen .over the Mar-euette statue. This statue Itself is - of i..ta Italian marble. On either eiae oi the pedestal are rel sentmjr the discov river and Father h.. robes to the in aiit letters, is "Wisconsin's Tribute. James Marquette. S. J., who. with Louis Joliet, Discovered tha Mississippi River at Prairie du tmen, Wis., June 17, 1670.. It occupies a position In Statuary hall between the statues of President Lincoln and Gen. Phil Kearney. It represents the priestlv explorer clothed in the canonicals cf a Jesuit, with crucifix, rosary beads r.nd. other embhms of his orders, standing with a map in one hand and the other grasping his robe. It is said that its ecclesiastical character is sacn that devotees stop in front of it and make the sign of their creed. t Thee national statues in Statuary hall are furnished by the different states, and are Portraits of distinguished persons who have been citizens of the states honoring them by their selection. They are cither of men Illustrious for historic reasons or greatly distinguished by civic or military services. . Pere Marquette was not a citizen of Wisconsin, but he was a man illustrious in tho earliest northwest exploration. " He was the first white navigator of the up per Mississippi, .river,- journeying - front its headquarters to the territory that now fcrm3 the state of Arkansas.. His statue cost J1C.0WJ, and has its considerable artistic merits, and an undoubted historic merit, but it is distasteful to many of dWcrcnt creeds that this figure in Jesuit gaib should be set up in the national capital, the. Pantheon of this nation's greatest heroes. The sculptured Fugges-tion of a religion directed by a foreign uotentate is claimed to bo unfitting any state of a great federal union, where absolute religious toleration is guaranteed bv the constitution. While this sectarian objection may seem to be trivial. It is well to remember that the same generosity of censorship must be given In the future to any figure officially offered.-whether in the robes of Rabbi or the priestly garb of the Aztec. And;ln the light of Washington's farewell address, it is well to avoid religious dissensions, and to refrain frem needlessly creating them by objectionable intrusion upon the feelings of those who meet on the common ground of the nation, under the dome of the canitcl. A Pauper Veteran of Two Wars. Marshalltown Times-Republican: An Interesting story could doubtless be woven out of the life history of James Robinson, who died in the Jefferson county poor, nouse Monday, . at the great age of 105 years. It was unquestionably a life in wiiieh there was more shadow than sunshine and it ended in gloom a paupers death. Ho was the hero of two wars and on donht would have served in a third but for the fact that he was too old to enlist even when the war or tne reDemon DroKe out. The saddest part of the story is thit the onlv reward for his services to his country was a rude pine coffin and a pauper's grave, - Others had -reaped the benefits of hi3 toil and nearly a century of strugjle for a livelihood, and the gov ernment had never recognized nis ciaim for relief in his adversity and old age, although Senator Gear has been making a commendable efTort to get a. bill through congress that would place him i .above want. But death too -often outstrips the progress of the government in behalf of its defenders. - This case suggests the need of some provision being made for survivors of the nation's wars when they shall have attained extreme old age and are unable to provide for themselves, regardless of their ability to prove up a pension claim in the regular way. - A few men talk through their hats, but all men talk of the SZ.Z1) Gordon. It's the latest: lie Had a Shine- , Buffalo Express: Apropros of the pas-snge of the Raines bill a good stcry is told cf one of the country legislators who helped it "through. The legislator was in Ne-n- York recently fcr one of the many purposes that so frequently call legislators to the metropolis? A city associate got together a party of friends and un-tiertco:; to shew him the sights of the town.-: After seeing the Eden musee, the Central park menaterie and other objects which are supocsed to interest countrymen, the city member thought he w-ouid try an experiment and led his party into the Hcffm'.n house barroom. The country legislator did riot realize where he was goinar till he was safely if!l?o and had been lined up to the bar. with his companions. "Now. then," said his-guide, "what are you going to have?" The country legislator's face fell. ' "What, are tbe rest of you going to have?" he asked. "Nevr mind that," said the entertainer, "you Just name anything you want. It Is rnv treat." - "What will it cost?" asked the man from the country, dublct:ly. "Any sum from 5o cents to $." replied the either; "Dcn't worry about the cost." "I'll tell j ciT," aid "the Mtint'rna".-e?perateiy, "! don't orir.k, and I don't smoke,' but r you'll excuse me this time, I'll get my boots h'acked here." fry. Beauty is a Good ThingI To have it and to keep it thousands of ladies use my Have you tried It? r SI - Lola Montez Creme. Makes the complexion soft, rr.ooth, velvety. 75c. Sold in JSioux City, Iowa, bv C. EMis Nlehols &.Co.t druggists, 1th and Jackson ts. - : ; Trtlnl RHY I-a11' o-aVoISiouxCltraeTS'i-liilHL DLA in-r thi ad with n eert in stamps wiil rt-ceire book of instruction, md a aoawz vwam, face powJer Iiae. MRS NFTTIF HARRICflM i'ir" kc k 1 it' "AnnibUN, DermatoloeUt, 0-4 3 Geary St.. bim Fioclca, Cad iefs in bronze, repre- n fl n r7J CT"3 ery of the Mississippi xii ! 13 fj l u I Marquette preacning in i; t.n ' . it Indians. On the front, y.y'l -3 V fj " carved this Inscription: I 1 1 , It m 11 .rcrtfvU Kir. k the I . (In Powder Form.) Is the Grandest Discovery of ' the age for all Scrubbing Purposes. ' Try It AT ALL GROCERS. ; Illinois Central R, R. eadrjEsilKEnsf EXCURSIONS' at the low rt of ONE FARE nound Tr PLUS S2. 00 An opportunity to visit and investigate th merit ot the excellent farm lands for sala id Iowa at reasonable rates, and those of ha qnal v - nvforel in Minnehaha and Lake Countis, si. i.. or to visit o:he"r desirable farming regions west aud Southwest lick eta at tne above lates oa a, from stations on Illinois Central In Iowa cast of Cedar Falls and in liiinoi and Wisconsin, to all points on its lines wev of and including Iowa FatK also to all other points withm authorized territory in Northwest and sotita-west.cn April 7th and 2Iu an ' May Mh. isn. Tor Infcrmat'on as to tee rout ty reached br these excursions, aldres at Manchester, I.', J. F. Merry, A. G. P. A, I, C, li. It. fl cm n r; Homese?kr' ri 4 ft ii FTitmlnn. t. (j M all station d ri ncnith of Calrt i i on - toe nee ,ot ii N the IllUoU f I f Central and th '.. " Yazoo and Mib- - .- - v.- sisstppi Valley Railroads, xcpt Memphis ana New Orleans, from stationsjn Iowa. Aleu to Sioux City in-clusive.cn April 6-hand ."Gth.ar d May-ith ; tVom station Pwa Fain to C.iro lccU5tve. on April 7tb and2lst, and Jday feth. For a copy of th Southern Homeseekets Guide, describing tha agricultural advantages of the country traversed by th aboT ruenUondd roads, addres. at Manchester, lew a. J. F. Merry, AsUtni General Passaafet Agent. For information in regard to Railroad Lands -n Southern I.iinoiK, and in the fara-us Yazoo Valley of Mississippi, address at Chicago. E- P. SUene, Land Commissioner. L C. R. R.-- ' Tickets at the above rates on sale only on dates quoted. For further particulars apply to your local ticket agent, or address J. F. Merry. A, G. P. A,. Manchester. la, GRAND ARiViY EXCURSION hi.- f v :..-!. - TO' CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, VIA THE ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD In order that every Iowa veteran, member of the W. It. C. and Sons of Veterans and all their friends may attend the Annus G. A. K. Encampment to be held at Cedar Rapids. Aoril Jth and)th,arate of O.NK PAKE FOR THtl KOU-SD TRIP bas been made from aitpoiota in Iowa, tickets on ale April $7th to 2'rth, ewi to return until May Sad inclusive. This ILLI-SOIS CENTRAL, the popuiar lire among the Grand Array b-ys everywhere, will run epeclai trains from Manchester to Cedar Rapid th morning . of ,Tu?iay, April tiath, arriving at Cetiar EapiA at fi a. in. Train leavicg iiock Rapids at 5:00 p. m.. Monday. April 2Jth wi 1 have a through coach to Cedar Rapid. Train leaving Sioux City tt 6:$1 p. m. of that date wili have a through sleeper for Cepar Rap-Ida. Applications for berths sbouid be made to the undersigned not later than A pril 2.51. Boys, shad we not make this the larzen and most enthusiastic gathering ever befd ia the state? Cedar Rapids, one of the most eoterpris-iBg cities la Iowa, will spare no psio or xpens in th entertainment of the oid vet. Ex-g-ov. Hoard, Iepartrnent Commander of Wiseoos:!, the champion Rtory teller and tb bst fellow in the wor'd,will b with u. Other talent will b oa Land, i Judpe Olren, the Idol of the Iowa U. ; A R. will be a candidate for DeDartment Crn-mander. ; Now be In to plan for tbis Encarapmtnt. Wpl JlipMIunah! for Cellar Kapid and the Iowa (i A. It, J. T. MF.RK y, A. G. p. a 1. C. It. K. -Manchfii-r, Iowa. H A U fa : 1 l Uwai LL-3 UU CURED AS IF BY MAGIC. Victims of Lest Alan hood shocld eni at once lor a book that explalas how full teaaly viror i3 easily, quickly and permaneatly restored. ISo man suffering frcn weakness can n f. liXy JL&ft ford, to ignore thla ' lnA time t Riivic. ford to ignore thl3 -T t&-JW? tells hoW veiopment ana tone are imparted to every portion of the body. Sent with poeitiv proofs (sealed) frcs to any raaa oa application. EPaIr.iED!0ALC0.,3UFFAL0,n.Y. SHARP and take your prescriptions to C. ELLIS HICH0LS& GO. Prescription Druggists. Open All XtQht. SIOUX CITY, I A. Cor. Fonrth and Jackson Sr. J O 3 B IN ti-U O C is BA. L. RUMBS-.T CO, WHOLESALE DARN CSS. Headquarters for Leather acd P.fcb-sr Cs:v irg. .. r. ann Wor. and biia r Hara-vr. Dealer ia Sioe asi Kareew Leaih" scd Hides.- -maLS:rt,' pXRXIXS BE03. CO. BLAITC EOOS3 A3fi orricx gtrppiirs. c-t7 aad Bank Wert a- Sst&tj. Rt rft El re . -

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