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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX— 113 BlyUievllle Courier Blytheville Daily New« Mississippi .Valley Leade Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1953 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Senate Wary Of debt Hike Comaiittee Might Okay Compromise By JOE HALL WASHINGTON? (AP) — The Senate Finance Committee went into session tod t jay to decide what to do about President Eisenhower's last minute plea for a 15 billion dollar boost in the national debt limht. There was some talk of a compromise on the politically tout-hy issue. One committee member*;, it was to quit and go home by tonight. learned, showed up with a \ compromise proposal of a temporary five more opposition in billion dollar increase in vhe ceil- I particularly among ing. This would run only unkit June 30, 1954. However, Chairman MiU'ikan <R- Colo) said he knew of no overnight behind-the-scenes agreement on any compromise. \ A compromise acceptable^ to most senators would permit \ an | early windup of this session. Pfre- sumably a compromise would *..be approved by ihe House, which ye*. terday gave Eisenhower a big victory by voting the full increa?%-to | 290 billions in the debt liiv/rt. The debt limit now/' 'stands at 275 billions. The natiimal debt has .reached 272V 2 billion's. Sen. Douglas (D-I1M), who is not a member of the committee, proposed in a statement that the debt limit be raised twfc billions. This compromise wouljS stay in effect Until Congress returns to Washington until ne^t January and makes a full s(ludy. Temporary Hike The plan whic-h reportedly is to j near panic." be laid before the committee calls j Sen. Millikin (R-Colo). the com- fbr raising the limit temporarily j mittee chairman, said Humphrey to 280 billions. j —one of the most respected Cabi- On hand to try to persuade the i net members on Capitol Hill— finance committee to go along- ; would be given "all the time he with a boost to a 290 billion dollar [needs to state his case." debt limit were Secretary of the j Millikin> who also fs chairman But there appeared to be far the Senate, the Democrats. And the Senate Democrats are in a majority now, 47-46 over the Republicans, because of the deaths of Senators Charles Tobey (R-NH) and Robert A. Taft (R- Ohlo). Closed Meeting: The Finance Committee session was called to meet behind closed doors, with Secretary of the j Treasury Humphrey as the star i administration witness. He had a, tough selling Job on i his hands. More than half of the 15 committee members were on record as being actively against the proposed hike in the 275- billion-dollar ceiling, or at least highly doubtful about it at this time. Humphrey has said that, U the ceiling on what his country can legally owe is not boosted to 290 dollars, the government U.S. Sends Angry Reply To Reds' Plane Charge WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States today rejected Russia's protest that Amerl- can pilots shot down a Soviet plane. Instead, the State Department said, Russia bears the responsibility for sending the plane into "the Korean zone of hostilities." SCHOOL GETS XE\V FENCE — Sudbiny Elementary School, on South Lake Street, got a new fence as a safety precaution this week preparatory to the school's opening in September. A much-used alley way, which borders the school's playground on the north side, had long been a source of uneasiness for parents and teachers. The Sudbury PTA, with Mrs. Gilbert Smythe in charge, recently voted to purchase a 300-foot long four-foot high steel wire fence to enclose the north side of the playground, and the city offered to Install the fence without charge, Above, Mayor Dan Blodgett (left) and City Engi- ner Claude Alexander, inspect n portion of the completed fence. (Courier News Photo). might not be able to meet its Russian. Planes Fiy Near U.S. Borders Regularly The Russian protest, handed to U. S. Ambassador Charles Bohlen in Moscow yesterday, claimed the plane was destroyed and 21 lives were lost when four U. S. fighters attacked it over Chinese territory north of the Korean boundary last Monday, about 10 hours before the cease fire became effective. The United States replied today that the attack by a U. S. fighter plane under the U. N. Command actually occurred "inside Korean territory approximately eight miles from the Yalu River." In Com hat Zone This it said, was in the Korean combat zone. The U. S. reply was contained I in a note sent by messenger from Ihe U, S. Embassy to the Soviet I Foreign Office in Moscow. There was no denial on the part up. survivors from the sea. A note to Moscow yesterday protested the incident and asked information on the supposed survivors. The Russians claimed, in that case, that the bomber violated Soviet territory. Outfoxed Meanwhile, two senators complained bitterly that , the United States had been outfoxed, Sen. Flanders (R-VO, a member of the armed services committee, said that letting the U.S.S.R. tell the world first about the B50 incident in the Sea of Japan was "just another case of stupidity at the Pentagon or the State Department, or both." Sen. Sparkman (D-AUO a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said, "I think it's mistake to let the Russians and WASHINGTON (AP) By ELTON C. FAY Russian planes have appeared over the polar perimeter of the of the United States that the big | Communists get the jump on us Russian transport, an IL-12 type j so many times. It puts us con- rm-craft, had been destroyed by tinually in the position of answering fighter Ore. In fact, the incident Communist propaganda when we North American continent and Greenland, where the U. S. has air bases and other defenses, nrconteir-wc^trcausel about a dozen times within the past 12 months. And the average of similar scouting expeditions over Japann averages about one every two weeks, a well-informed Air Force source said today. This information was made available in answer to questions arising out of the incident two days ago in Treasury Humphrey and Budget | of the conference of all Republi- i which Soviet planes shot 'down an Director Joseph M. Dodge. | can Senators, was making no pre- j American B50 bomber flying 40 Sen. Kerr (D-Okla) flew back j dictions and not even announcing ' from Oklahoma for the key meet- his personal position. But the ad- ing. He had gone home because of the death of his mother. He declined to state his position on the debt limit before the meeting.. Two Republicans who have opposed the President's proposal, Sens. Williams (Del) and Hugh Butler (Neb), both said they knew of no change in the situation. ministration obviously was counting on him to help pick up some doubtful votes. Hanging on the committee's decision was the question of when this Congress can close up shop. The leaders had' been figuring, for weeks on this as the last day. But the request to boost the debt A check uf the committee yes- limit and the death of Sen. Robert terday had indicated a majority j A. Taft (R-Ohio) upset the reck- against the measure. ; oning. The House gave the President, a j Korea Trip Off roaring victory on the politically i Sen. Knowhmd of California, explosive issue by a 239-158 vote j acting Republican leader since i last night. Then House Republican J Taft fell fatally ill, announced Leader Halleck of Indiana an- j yesterday that he and three other nounced the House should be ready ' " SPC SENATE Page 8 miles off the Siberian coast over the international waters off .Japan. The information was received before Russia formally protested that four U. S, fighter planes shot down a Soviet passenger plane with 21 aboard near the Chinese-Korean border last Monday. Shots Fired The exact number of incidents involving; forays by Soviet planes in the Arctic, the time, location ase: or Cut Out? MaxB.ReidResigns From School Board Air Force ond Politicians Interpret Bill Differently and circumstances—none of this data may be given. But in only one instance, already reported, were shots fired by American airmen against the ussian aerial re- ' connaissance parties—when the foreign craft made a firing pass nt the U. S. planes which discovered them. j The approximate dozen instances . of Soviet scouting ol this continent j and Greenland are only for the j past year. Others are suspected to have occurred before that. Only two such incidents during the«?3st.*53 months have '*CT*J rr,f.de public. Last November. fighters, on patrol, at 16,000 feet over Eastern Hokkaido, Japan, encountered an LAI 1-11—a Soviet made, propeller - driven fighter— bearing Russian markings. The U. S. Air Force, planes closed in and flew alongside the Russian aircraft until it crossed the international boundary, headed for home. Lf-.st Feb. 17, two Russian planes of the same type were discovered by 'J. S. Air Force interceptors Was an : above Eastern Hokkaido. The Sov was fully disclosed by the U. N. at the time. The issue raised by the Russians was over where the attack occurred, They delayed filing their complaint for four days. This led State Department officials to speculate that perhaps the Russians were seeking to divert attention from another plane shooting 'incident of last Wednesday. I In this rase the United States I charged that an Air Force B50 I was shot down off the Siberian coast and that the Soviets picked could be out first with the real acts." Flanders said pro-Communist or even neutral peoples could "get the impression that the Soviet is telling the truth and that we're trying to get out of an incident." Both senators expressed their opinions in interviews. Case Bolstered The U. S. case on the B50 was bolstered by the testimony of the sole confirmed survivor, Capt. John Ernest Roche, who was pipked up by a U. S. destroyer after 22 hours In the sea. Roche said in Tokyo early today the American plane was attacked "without provocation" by one or two Russian jets at a time when there was "no possible chance" it was closer than 40 miles to Siberia. As for the shooting down of the Russian type IL2 transport while the Korean War was still in progress, a State Department spokesman said unequivocally "we will reject the protest." He said the responsibility will be placed on the Soviet government for causing the plane to fly through a Korean combat zone. , The U. S. Air Force said the plane was shot down 10 or 12 miles south of the Yalu River, boundary between Korean and Chinese Manchuria. The Russians said the attacking U. S. fighters invaded Chinese territory near the town of Huadian. There was unconfirmed speculation at the time that the Soviet plane might have been carrying Communist authorities on a mission connected with the armistice signed last Monday. Reds Scouting In the midst of the furore over the latest two shooting incidents. Air Force sources said Russian planes have appeared about 13 times in the past year over the far northern reaches of the American continent and Greenland and conduct scouting expeditions over Japan on the average of once See U.S. Page 8 Neutral Armistic Commission To Meet for First Time Today -' By' BAM SUMMERLIN two F84 jet I arm j st j ce . MUNSAtf (AP) — The four-nation neutral commission which will police the Korean stice met at Panmunjpm today for the first time and heard the Communists' chief military armistice delegate wish it success. Taft Is Scheduled or State Funeral WASHINGTON (AP) — Congressional leaders arranged Senate-House conferees on the sup. plementary appropriations bin was being interpreted variously in j Washington this morning. Max B. Reid last night resigned from the Blytheville | The f r a n t i c pre-adjournment School Board, which he had served as president for more: rush to complete pending legisia- than seven years. Mrs. H. W. Wiley, vice president of the board, automatically became president and Alvin Huffman, Jr., was named to fill the vacancy created by Mr. Reid's resignation. Fate of reactivation of Blytheville's air base unknown quantity today as confusion brought about by a |jet Planes mode n firing pass, The toclay r or a slate f uncral f or SclV Robert A. Taft, probably on I conference 'committee's report befoggedI the status of $8,883,- ^ ™ c ™^ B % ^^ ' ~ ' 000 in extra funds sought tor the work here. (damaging one of the LAIIS. Nci- Wordins of the report issued by , lost, after the House completes ao-! lher American plane was hit. The tion on it. ann()l|nced ]alc ,. tion was generally blamed for am- Sen. John L. McClellan's' office ; ! said this morning the exact status I of the Blytheville funds could not j he determined accurately until the j Arkansas senator can question tile , Program Ends Primary Streets Now 80 Per Cent Surfaced "Much progress has been maje in Blytheville in the field of edu- , . cation in the last seven years but, conference committee chairman, much remains to be done, and the Sen. McClellan will school board needs the continued to do this until the bill reaches the support of the community. Senate floor and "I am pleased over the. choice the chairman o: of Mr. Huffman as my successor such as the Blytheville base funds. He has demonstrated his capacity House action on the conference, for useful service in civic affairs report was scheduled for early this _ and Tiid I hope he will have a long afternoon. Just when the bill might t£p Hig j nvav reach the Senate was not certain.; , ., • „ * February incident was at least Jack Martin, administrative assistant to the late Senate leader, told reporters this had been agreed three miles inside the internation.il i , lpon aftel . a conference in the of- boundary separating Japan from j n'ce'of J~~M:irk: Trice, secretary of the Russian-held Kurile where the Red Air orce Islands, f»pr>rlfirl- Attcnding were Senate and ly maintains bis h.ises for figh'r-rs j Hou _, e } GTI d e ,. s and Sherman and long range bomoers. | Adams, administrative assistant This contrasts with the Russian [ to . Prcsldent Eisenhower, attack two days ago on the 50 friend." This came from the man Taft had fought bitterly lust year for the Republican presidential nomination, then had pitched in to hslp di?char;;e the White Hou~.e responsibilities he himself had sought for so long. More than any other thing, the (i3-vear-o!d Ohionn had wanted to the 50 j Martin said Mrs. Tatt and the follow the footsteps of his father. • , h _ „„,„ nri 40 miles beyond Soviet territory , family nad consentcd to the state | William Howard Taft. into the ! „ „„.,„," and far out over international wa- j funP ,. al and thal burial would be ! White House. ' onic...s. ter - 1 at Cincinnati. Taft's home town. ! But with their differences buried Meanwhile, the first group of Allied prisoners was reported on its way down the road to freedom and the U. N. Command prepared a full dress reception rehearsal for Monday to speed their homeward murney. The prisoner exchange is scheduled to begin Wednesday at Pnnmunjom. Thn neutral commission officers from Sweden, Switzerland. Poland find C'/.^choslovakia were introduced and exchanged credentials in a formal meeting at the dusty truce site. The commission's chief function is to watch for violations of the armistice. ?I.".j. Gen. Blackshear M. Bryan, the Allies' senior delegate to the U. N.-Red Military Armistice Com- rri!.-:r ; cn, introduced the Swiss and Svecli-h representatives. Lt. Gen. Lee Sang Cho. Bryan's counterpart on the commission, introduced Czechs. Lee told In the spring of 1H52 vapor trails tenure on the board." Enlistees Sought For Arkansas Max Reid Aivin Huffman , In a statement this morning, Mr. ! FVlOfltlG Unit Reid said he resigned^ the school I Marine T/ggL a c McBride, „? M. ™^;l Ca ''f nr«irtpni. nf ihe | Jonesboro recruiter, will be in B!y- theville Monday and Tuesday to interview applicants for enlistment in , ,, . , the Marine Corps. He will be head- Mrs. Wylie said today that she | rtcr( , d at tbe Sclectivc Scrvice does not plan to continue as head •_. ri ....i n ,, ,,,, of the board and will call a meet-'< onlce aullnB ms ing soon to elect a new president. Mr. Huffman was elected to Commrecial Law League of America. LUXORA — The second and last _ phase of Luxora's , summer paving j were sighted above the Aleutian program was completed yesterday. Island chain which extends outward With completion of this paying [ from the Alaskan mainland. There he can question work ' Mayor Moses Sliman said, 80 i was no actual sighting of Russian " per cent of the primary streets in | aircraft nor radar pickup. Bui it specilic poims nixora are now hard-surfaced. j caused an alert of U. S. air de- Six streets—Jefferson, Railroad, - fenses throughout Alaska and the Canal, Main. Broadway and Church j Northern United States. strip connecting Jefferson j Reconnaissance flights over have been surfaced } Qreenland and the northern areas but little time was expected to be" £[™ %£^l^t I madf £" ^""-gined paired.; I aircraft. Ben M. Hogan Construction Co. of ( T j, e soviet Air Force has a Taft's death yesterday, from ; for the sake of national and party j members Hopes for Success "I hope for the success of the Water Safety Course Here Red Cross Official To Hold Instructors' Class Monday A course in water safety rancor, continued to evoke expressions of pncf nncl p;-nise. To Lie In State? In the niidrU of their eulogies, : ninny of the Ohio Republican's Senate colleagues had proposed LVrnt his body be brought,from New : York to Me in state in the rotunda of tlie Capitol. ! The Senate recessed yesterday j in respect to Taft. but the Hou.se j solemnly continued in session and I last nifcht formally adopted a reso- unity, Taft and Eisenhower pulled together. By degrees there grew up a mutual respect, a golf course camaraderie and finally a warm friendship. Big Asset. of the Neutral ations i Supervisory Commission." The Ked Peiping radio said the first Allied prisoners would be "non-Korean" sick and wounded —including Americans and British — from a camp at Pyoktong Little Rock did the work. Mayor! thousend" "or" more TU4 bombers ! 'ution expressing profound sorrow Sllman-said the cost breakdown of j ca p a bie of flying to those areas I before adjourning out of respect. the work has not been received yet j f rom soviet bases in Russia and I Speaker Joseph Martin (R-Mnss), Siberia and islands held by the ; authorized to appoint a committee he : Swift Official Is Killed UNION PIER. Mich. Iff — Nathan Butler Swift, 41, vice presl- Russians north land mass ' . of the Eurasian [ of 30 members to attend the funeral : service when arranged, said he will A still later bomber design, of capabilities simlar to the American B36, is believed to be in pro- residence in Washington's George- the proup today. Tafts' Victorian red brick ductlon. town district kept a light burning Tart's Judgment in congressional ] nral " thc Manchurian border, timing and his peacemaking abil- j rhe rad '° sald the Prisoners ity were accounted a tremendous • were " ivm a farewell "grand asset for Eisenhower adminis- | feast " before bei "i? P ut on tralns tration attempts to put through i for the trlp to Panmunjom. its program at its first legislative i Tne Recls nave sairt Ihe 5' wil1 sess)on j return 12,763 Allied captives. 3,313 of them Americans, in the mas- From people who opposed him, as well as from his supporters, there were tributes. Former President Truman, generally at odds politically with Taft, said his death was America's loss. Truman added: "He and I did not agree on public policy, but he, knew where I stood and I knew where he stood. serve until the next school election : San Diego. Calif., All?. 26. The pin- next March. Mr. Reid's term expires in March, 1955, so in the coming election three directors will be named — two for three-! Arkansas unit lo year terms scheduled to expire : then and one lo serve the remain-' '°°» *''" travel and train as a unit der of Mr. Reid's term. j according to recruiters. It is an- that seasoned Marines, of Arkansas, will be as- parec. it T - mid not, on account! .'ipned as instructors to guide the of the us,. J..JLS upon my time of I Arkansans through recruit tralnln; "We are seeking both immediate j taught by Lynn Stair, national wat- : dent of Swlft'co.', 'meaTpackin'g • pifcf OD£n Bolls Are Reported enlistments and enlistees for the 'Arkansas Travelers Platoon'," Sgt. McBride said. The .Marines announced Sunday er safety chairman of the Red Cross,' firm, was killed late last night In! at Walker Park swimming pool be-j an automobile accident. [ ginning Monday at 2 p.m., Mrs ' Mi chtean State Police said; State English sports car was Swift's .,..„, their plan to send a 75-man All- j Hugh Whltsitt. volunteer water safe- n , mm( , cl broadside by an automo. 'boot camp" at ' (y chairman of Bl.vlhcville, announr- ' bile driven by Semonr Gottlieb, 25 ert yesterday. i nt lakeside, Mich. Thr two hour classc,- for the re- over the doorway last night. Mes-' John L. Lewis and other union I scngers with telegrams and flowers ; leaders, who often criticized the ] Ohioan and the Taft-Hartley Labor sive exchange. The U. N. will deliver about 74,000 Communist i POWs. Allied POWs will be turned over by the Reds at Panmunjom, and then rushed to Freedom Village at Munsan for processing. Monday's big practice session, a U. N. spokesman said, will cover Sec TRUCE Page 8 Mr Keid said, "My decision ._ resit made as it became np-j natives mainder of the week at The collision occurred on U S. 12 shortly before 11:30 p.m. when .. Swift, drove onto the highway from The first open rottm*. bolls in this another office give the school board the time it deserved Without neglecting oth;.- obligations," He was elected June 30 as president of the Commercial Law League, becoming the first "small town" attorney and one of the few Southerners to hold that position. "I leave the board," he said, "with o feeling of deep gratitude toward the other board members, the' superintendent and other Sergeant McBride said. "Men 17 through 28 who want to go with the Arkansas Travelers will j safety Instructor, started a senior be enlisted now and returned home life saving class Thursday night, to await the platoon's departure later this month," he added. 9:30 a.m. Mr. Stair will not arrive in a restaurant where he had dinner. time to have, the first class on Monday morning. O'Neal Derlman. qualified water Ike to Seattle WASHINGTON I/P) — The White House announced today President Elsenhower will fly to Seattle, . school administrators, the teachers - Wash., Monday (o att.er.d the an- nr' IV nnb'ir ucncr.illy for the nual Governors Conference. Klsen- stipport civen the school program, hower will address the governors during my time on ihe board? 'informally. The class will be turned over to Mr. Stair upon his arrival. Mrs. Whitsptt said that to qualify for the senior life saving class a course in junior life saving must be satisfactorily completed. An Hpplicant for tho water safety course mii^t he a qualified senior life saver anri over 18 years old. Bot bclasiec will end next Friday, First POWs Moving LONDON (AP)—A motor convoy with the first batch of non- Korean prisoners of war to be released by the Communists under the armistice agreement left Pyoktong, North Korea, for Kae- iong this morning, Peiping radio reported. They nrc expected to reach Kae.'.onR on Monday, two days before the POW i-xc'l-ance is due to begin, a broadcast heard here said. , Other cot.ton in the area is on the, X'erfie of opening, it was report fd. The first open bolls were discovered yesterday. ! kept, appearing in its glow. Cars drove up the quiet tree- shaded street, paused and drove on. Mrs. Taft Confined ,\frs Taft--survivor of the "Bob and Martha" team which hud shaierl many a year of political cnmpaiyning — remained in her uji.slair.s room. Confined to a wheelchair, she had flown to New York earlier this week for a bedside visit with her fatally stricken husband. Mrs. Darrah Wunder of Cincinnati, an old family friend who began living with the Tafts after Mrs. Taft suffered a pari!s!!y paralyzing stroke in mid-1950, answered the door p.nd the telephone. Among the early callers were the President and Mrs, Eisenhower. The Eisenhowers visited with Mrs. Tatt [or about 10 minutes. The Pros, ident left a letter. In a public statement, Eisenhow- 4J63 Truck Licenses Sold The state revenue offices In Mississippi County, at Blytheville and Osceola, today reported a total of 4,763 truck licenses sold before the deadline for obtaining the licenses at -.....- — - nrrminf mldnlehl last nlRht. ! cr had Kald; tence account.. A pr-nally must or pair! for truck "The American people hfive lost "According to London radio. Ihe llrrnspR puiohaj-ed today and j a Iruly groat riti/.en find I have | prominent member of Ihe U. 6. through thi remainder of. On year. I lost » wise counselor ind a valued Senate, Taft, died today," Relations Act he co-authored, mourned his passing. "A tragic loss to America," said the mine workers' chief. "Honest difference of opinion is what makes America a great nalion and it is what made Sen. Taft a great RliUPsman and a great American." AFL President George Meany Weather ARKANSAS — Generally fair this afternoon, tonight and Sunday, except for widely scattered afternoon thundershowers. .MISSOURI — Fair and continued said: "His sincerity and his cour- : hot tonight and Sunday, few iso- age in his convictions were re- : l"l«l thundershowers, Low tonight spected by all his follow citizens." !« '° 80: high Sunday near 100. CfO President Walter Reulher Maximum yesterday - 85 Minimum yesterday morning — said: "He was an outstanding American who unstinting!;, 1 followed a course of action that he believed best served his country." In Europe, lenders of Britain, France and Italy quickly expressed their regret. Even Moscow radio, in a broadcast monitored in London, took note of Tn f t's passing, but in n one-sen- 75. Sunset today — 7:02. Sunrise tomorrow — 5:11. Precipitation last 24 hours to 6:30 p.m. yesterday — none. Mean temperature (midway between hlfih and low) — 85. Precipitation Jan, 1 to date — 32.21. This Dato last Year Minimum yesterday morning; — 73. Maximum yesterday — 100. Precipitation January 1 U> date - S6.50.