The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on July 31, 1953 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, July 31, 1953
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FWBAT, JULY 81, 1953 BTjTTHEVTLLl! (ARTC.T COttSTffR PAGE SEVEN FARM NEWS AND REVIEW : arm Situation in State lightening Say Reports By HAROLD HART i that escaped drought damage ha [TjITTLE ROCK [tfi — Tilings are shown considerable improvement. taking up for Arkansas' farmers, he effects of the drought will not le shaken off toon- But the rains pave come bringing with them a 'lightened farm picture. 1 The Federal-State Crop Reporting Service said most of the bottom lands now have sufficient moisture [or current needs. The cotton outlook showed fur|her improvement during the week, additional showers helped the Prop in most areas. Late corn prospects have been aided materially, iluch early corn also was helped, |he agency said. Many fields are being fallowed for seeding of winter grains. Rice Is making good growth since the •ains. A good crop of soybeans leems assured, and vegetable crops And of prime consequence, froi a financial standpoint, the agem says marketing of cattle has return ed to normal in those counti which received good rains. Cotton farmers must be th world's greatest believers in tf old saw, "You can't have your cak and eat it too-' 1 The dry, hot weather was fin for early cotton. Then rain needed to speed germination of lal cotton. The rains came—for abou the last 10 days—but accompany ing them were the insects. Insect infestation long has bee one of the scourges of the cotto farmers. Lack of insecticide usuall goes hand in hand with emergenc of boll weevils and other pest Then, too, for spraying purpose } eac/7 Tree Handling Subject )/ Recent Experimental Work FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. — Providing sufficient fertility induce early, rapid growth of peach trees, thinning t 'revent overloading, and prevention of loss of foliage dii'_ o bacterial spat or other causes should go a long way towan protecting peach trees against winter injury. So Prof. J. R Cooper of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture concludes in a recently published Report in a 13-year study >n factors affecting winter injury to peach trees, conducted [from 1940-52. .Professor Cooper found that the Concentration of carbohydration of [carbohydrates in peach trees vitally Influence the industry of rest in the irees and their resistance to winter |mjury. Other factors being equal, he greater the amount of stored .rbohydrates in the tree, the longer was the rest period. Factors that 11- nited concentration of carbohy- |drates, such as a heavy crop, or hot dry weather the preceding sum- \rner, or premature defoliation, low- Jered the carbohydrate-nitrogen ra- Ition and rendered both "wood and •buds more susceptible to damage prom cold. The research vas conducted at Ithe Main Experiment Station at |Payetteville, the Fruit and TrucK Branch Station at Hope, and the IPeach Substation at Nashville and •Clarksville. Chemical analysis were Imade of shoots collected in the [various orchards at from 3-to 10-day •intervals. Observations were made •in the orchards on temperature and •weather conditions, swelling of buds land amount of winter injury. Vari• ous defoliation, fertilization, and • spraying tests were carried on in I connection with the studies,. Analysis showed that the highest I concentration of carbohydrates oc- Icurred in peach trees that grew in learly spring, stopped growth early, I but retained a full complement of (leaves until near frost. Nitrogen I from a vetch cover crop, or applied • as a fertilizer in September, lowered J the carbohydrate-nitrogen ration land so hastened end of rest and I date of blooming. The continued use I of vetch In a young orchard may I be questionable because of the am- loimt of nitrogen added to the soil, I Professor Cooper believes, and he I advises the use of sudan instead I of vetch the summer before the I young orchard will bear fruit the Llirst time. However, in a bearing orchard there is little danger from planting a cover crop of vetch every year provide too much nitrogen Is no used. With a good crop of vetch, the only nitrogen needed is an application of about 15 pounds per acre in late January or early February he states. Professor Cooper considers four kinds of injury in sihreport: trunk and crotch injury, wood injury to buds, and cambium injury. Young trees, growing late Into the summer and holding their leaves late into fall, are particularly susceptible to trunk and crotch injury, he states Wood injury, which usually occurs in January or February, is associated with Insufficient storage of carbohydrates in the trees when the low temperatures occurs. Buds may be killed by very low temperatures before rest is ended on trees with low carbohydrate concentration, but injury to buds more often result from low temperatures following a warm period after rest is over. Cambium injury usually results from severe cold In March after some cambium activity has been resumed. Conditions that will encourage later ending of rest should therefore reduce the last two kinds of injury, Prof Cooper points out. The report of the study is Experiment Station Bulletin 535. "Factors Affecting Winter Injury to Peach Trees-" Growers interested in receiving a copy may obtain one from their county Extension agent or from the Bulletin Office, University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, Fayetteville. the atmospheric conditions virtually must be perfect. If the winds shift suddenly the poison may be blown into adjoining fields. The Federal-State Crop Reporting Service says the prevailing showers and cool weather have increased boll weevil Infestratlon sharply in southwest and southeast Arkansas. Federal aid to drought-stricken farmers usually brings to mind money. But ordinarily irs not money the farmers want or need—it is feed. On the subject of insects . . . Harlan E. Smith and Gordon Barnes, pathologist and entomologist respectively for the Agricultural Extension Service h.ave come up with treatise or soybean diseases and insects. The discussion runs the gamut from bacterial blight to purple stain. Smith and Barnes recommend crop rotation, resistant varieties, good seed and seed treatment as means of combatting the various pests. In the case of crop rotation, the two authors say that most of the parasitic organisms causing leaf diseases over-winter are diseased leaves. "Therefore," they said, "rotations in which other crops such as cotton, rice, and small grains are grown for one and preferably two or more years, will reduce the severity of such diseases." SIDELIGHTS: Missouri has started an all-out fight to eradicate brucellosis, the livestock disease commonly known as Bang's Disease. . . , Arkansas farmers planted 74 \'z per cent of ;heir 1953 corn acreage with hybrlc seed. . . • the almost unheard of HO aushels of oats per acre were harvested this year from two acres of DeSota oates on the Herman Sied- enschwarz farm near DeValls Bluff Seidenschwarz attributes the yield to good fertilization and a mild win- A professional magician's success depends 80 per cent on his use of psychology, 10 per cent on his situ, and 10 per cent on equipment. FHA Operating Loans Are Now Available Here Funds are now available for op- rating- loans through the Farmers !ome Administration, according to lilmus H. Hearnsberger, County 'HA Supervisor in Mississippi ounty. These loans can be made o eligible operators of family type irms. The main purpose of these >ans Is to enable farmers to make lanned adjustments and improve- nents in their farm and home op- rations and increase their income. Mr, Hearnsberger states that ians may be made to buy livestock, farm and home equipment, feed, seed, lime and fertilizer. Under some conditions funds may be included in the loan to refinance debts secured by liens on livestock Allotments In County to Be Vote Subject Acreage allotments are the backbone of the recently proclaimed quotas to be voted upon by fHgible Mississippi County wheat growers in the August 14 referendum, C, P. Forfd, County PMA Chairman, said toda y-If approved by at least- two- thirds of the Wheat growers of the Nation voting in the referendum, quotas and allotments will become effective on the 1954 wheat crop. The results of the referendum also determines the amount and extent of price support the fanner will be eligible to receive. In general. Chairman Ford explains, all Mississippi County farms on which wheat was grown in 1951, 1952. or 1953 will be assigned an acreage allotment, if requested. In making these allotments, corv ider- ation Is given to the number of tillable acres on the farm, the crop rotation practices followed (including acreage planted to wheat), type of soil and slope and lay of the land. For the past six weeks the county committee has been obtaining data on each farm's past and current wheat production. The allotment for Mississippi County farmers is worked out from the basis of the national allotment The national acreage allotment for the 1954 crop is 62 million acres. Production from the allotment plus- carryover will provide more than enough wheat in 1954, together with the estimated imports, to meet domestic and export needs plus the 33 per cent required by law. The national acreage allotment is then appropriated among states and counMes according to acreage seeded to wheat during the latest 10-year average, adjusted for trends and other fac- ors. Chairman Fovd advises that any farmer who believes his wheat acreage allotment is not accurate may appeal to the county committee. It he is not satisfied with the county committe'e's decision he may appeal to a review committee of three farmers appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture which will consider the evidence and make a decision. If not satisfied with this decision, the farmer may, within 15 days, in- On Missco Farms Count; Agent Keith J. Bilbrey itlate proceedings lor the case by a court. review of and farm equipment. Loan funds also may be used to enable a farmer to join with one or more other farmers to'buy or obtain the use of such items as high quality sires or heavy equipment which hn could not afford to own for Individual use. The amount of the loan depends upon the need as determined by the farmer's plan of operation, Mr. Hearnsberger said. The,? most a armer can borrow at any one time s $7,000, and the total outstanding debt for operating loans cannot exceed $10,000. Loans can be made ,o run trom one to seven years. The number of years allowed for repayment depends upon the amount of income expected each year and the purposes for which ,he money is advanced. Applications for operating loans should be nade to the Farmers Home Ad- ninistrntion office located at City Arkansas. OUCH!—Clarinda, a Barred Rock hen, is the pride and joy of her owner in Rehobolh, R. I., after she laid an egg measuring eight inches in circumference. Recently she finished hatching out a letting of duck eggs, but the ducklings all died. Clarinda is shown above comparing the big egg with a normal-sized one. VETCH New crop vetch seed now being sold by Blytheville Soybean Corporation 1800 Weit Main, BlythevilU, Ark. Check our competitive prices before you buy. Phone 6856-6857 DANCING NIGHTLY! Snake Pit All farmers who have April cotton on vertlcllllum wilt land—look outl This may be another 1950, at least, it's looking that way now. Bac wilt fields along the river and over on Buffalo Ditch ore already looking bad. Cool nights between JuU 7 and July 24 brought it out ir plants so farmers can see it. I hear Mr. Waddle, head cotton wilt researcher on the Osceola plots thinks most all plants in the test plots have the infection. Nothing you can do about It, though. Fleahopptra Draw a circle ten miles in diameter with Blytheville as the center and you cover most of the cotton fleahopper troubles. 48 per cent of the fields checked In that area needed poisoning—and most of it is already done. Some fields are 100 per cent infested; every plant with some sign and damage. Many fields had 50 to 60 per cent infestation. Why they are worse in this area, I don't know. We are proud to have helped catch the fleahopper problem early. Thanks to the many farmers who have cooperated by learning our system of scouting and then helping neighbors. A good Job has been done. My Neck Is Out I challenge any man to show me loss of pin point or "match head" squares without presence of flea- hoppevs and the "signs" they -leave on the leaves. Or, if you can show me the leaf signs and distortions I can always show you dead "match head" squares. It's as plain as the nose on your face, when you learn It. I've been challenged on this. You either prove I'm wrong, or go along with me, one or the other. Check and See Remember last July and early August during the drouth when many farmers wanted to cut Ogden soybeans for hay because they "were not setting beans—all the blooms were falling off." I told you to wait because Ogden and Ogden .type beans always bloomed a long time and never set beanc any year until about August 8. (This is for the Blytheville area, not some other part of the soybean belt.) Ogden beans have been blooming since about July 6. Watch your Og- dens this year and see if I was right or wrong. (I'm really looking for a fuss, don't you think?) August Crop This county must set a heavy crop in .August or we will end up with one of the shortest yields in history. Travel ti>e roads and fields in this county like I have and you will see that we have a big vegetative growth and a very light crop on the botom. Most fields are not blooming right yet either. There are exceptions, of course. On the average, it takes late cotton 62 to 55 days, from coming up, to first blooms. By Lite cotton I mean that very large acreage that was planted this year between Ma 22 and 27. Saying It another way cotton that came up on June should start blooming July 22 to th 25. On early colon it takes 50 day from bloom to open boll. On lat coton it takes an average of e days from bloom to open boll. I other words, cotton that came u June I, should not be expected t start opening before October 1, Save every boll that you can pos sibly set In August. Cotton Acreage AllotmenU Much has been said about th argument between the west and th south over a proposed change In th cotton acreage allotment law. It th Nationar Farm r-ji Comprom ise Bill hari been passed, Arkansas cotton acreage allotment in IBS would have been only 2-8 per cen below your 1852 acreage. They could not reach an agreemenl Therefore, It looks like the acre age allotment for 1954 may have to be made on the basis of the law, which Is stilJ on the books. I that comes to pass, your acreage reduction in 1954 may be very drastic. It can be in the neighborhooc a 30 per cent reduction rather than the 2.8 per cent. Lack of compromise and bull-headed, stubborn people may force a reduction program on you that will be hard to live with. Let's still hope for a compromise ;hat will improve the old law. It's so Imperative, in my humble opinion P.S. Evidently there are no fleahop- pers in the Leachville area. I checked 16 fields there Wednesday and only found four or five fleahoppers so I could show farmers what to look for. Talk to Dallas Smith, Robert Pierce, Hollis Thurmond or Buey Ray for help on your fields. Arkansas To Study Bollworm Pink Cotton Pest Under Investigation FAYETTEVILLE — The University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station today took steps to combat a threatened invasion of the pink bollworm — one of the most serious cotton pests the world over. Dr. Llppert S. Ellis, dean of the College of Agriculture and Experiment Station director, said $15,000 ha.s been set aside for pink bollworm research. He also announced the appointment of Jack D. Sherrer, of Prattvllle, Ala., to devote full time to the project. "While the pink bollworm has not been found In Arkansas," Dean Ellis said, "it is known to be a serious cotton pest In many parts of the world, and has done considerable damage in Texas In recent years. In fact, it was found ast year in at least one Texas county bordering Arkansas." "Although every effort Is being nade to control the pest through jreventive measures and quaran- ine." he added, "we must assume hat it .will eventually find Its way nto Arkansas. That Is why we feel it is important to begin research vork now, before the problem Is actually upon us." Mr. Sherrcr, who will Join the Experiment Station staff July 1 as nstructor and junior entomologist n the Department of Entomology, vill likely be stationed in Port javaca, Texas — In the .heart of he pink bollworm area. A second nan will be named to the project ater to do field work In the Hope- 'exarkana area of Arkansas. A graduate of Alabama Poly- .echnlc Institute, Mr. Sherrer re-1 What's wrong with American women? Tlieir husbands are supposed to bo the world's l )e st, yet they have the world's highest divorce rate. What's wrong? Are American women too bossy? Too independent? Too prudish? In the new August Ladies' Home Journal, Dorothy Thompson explores the facts and comes up with a provocative answer. Don't miss it. Get your copy of the Journal and read it todayl FINEST FROM THE FIRST HARDWOOD DANCE FLOOR Jitterbug Contest Every Wednesday Nile — SPECIAL!— Bunny Hop Dance Fun far All! GOOD FOOD At All Hom SANDWICHES SHORT ORDERS COMPLETELY AIR CONDITIONED All Brands Cigarettes $1.70 a Carton AIR CONDITIONED MOTIL FOR TOURISTS HUBERTS CLUB NiVlR A DULL MOMlNTt Highway 71 Hubert Utley Holland, Mo. It's t jnad foaor d tanaance tm grett acw Kamy-Hirris Self-PrsfelledMines The New 80 and 90 , The New 80 ind 90 will be the fulfillment of your finest harvest dreams. New full-.width body design . . . new hydraulic speed control and table lift. .. new enclosed gear drive axle . . . new operating ease will all add to greater capacity and profits. From dawn to dark these giants of the harvest will perform flawlessly. Stop in and see these newest most modern Self-Propelled Combines. NEW ENCLOSED DRIYC HCW HYDKAUUG TAILC LIFT MCW HTOKAULIC COHTKOL celved his Master'! degree at Auburn this month, majoring In in- tomology. He also worked on cotton Insect control for two stimmer« with the Alabama Experiment Station. Unlike .the better known boll weevil, the pink bollworm does most of its damage through lowering the grade of cotton lint and seed. In very heavy infestations, it can also cause additional damage through lower yields. The pink bollworm. is a small pinkish caterpillar, about a quarter of nn inch long, which feeds in the cotton, boll. It is similar in size and appearance to the common apple worm. In the adult stage, it is a small gray moth. While -the adult does not feed on cotton. It migrates great distances and poses a threat to new areas through reproduction of young pink bollworms. In outlining pink bollworm research plans, Dr. Charles Lincoln, entomology department head, said the work will be centered on in- secticidal control, investigations on wild host plants, and studies of factors affecting winter survival. Read Courier News Classified Ads. 61 Implement Co. North Highway 61 Phone 2142 and. S&W Implement Co. Leaehvillt, Ark. Television SERVICE ANY MAKE PAJSjstemj for Sale or Rant PHILCO FACTORY SERVICE Blaylock's N. Hltfmaj Ph. 3171 MUTUAL SELECTIVE FUND ;/ STOCK FUND Far proiptctuiti onJ ol/i.r Information wrilt DIVERSIFIED SERVICES Minneapolis 2, Minnesota Or fill out, clip and moil Hit coupo.-t betow: ' & WILLIAM FAURIMOND P.O. Box 72 Blytheville, Ark. PHONE 2200 ntnt «na m. |,r«,^c W » dewnmni uu .^01 comiunj or com. patties checked below: ADDRESS CITY _ZONE STATE_ TRENKLE PAINTS ARE BEST Research and development which has produced Nationally Distributed Theatre Screen Coating work* constantly for you in the entire TRENKLE paint line. 100 Hou^e Paint A 25 Surpassed by None TPer Gal. Clip this Adv. for 5% discount on any Trenkle product. FREE DELIVERY IN BLYTHEVILLE. Day Phone, Dell 2881. Night Phone Blyth«ville 2284 MARTIN TRENKLE PAINT CO. Main St. Dell, Ark. "FROSTY" The Smoother, Dcliciously Different Soft Ice Cream Try It at the RAZORBACK DRIVE-IN. Served to joa Hi your car or come into our air conditioned coffee shop. The only milk bar in Blytheville where you can be served In air conditioned comfort. Bring your children Inside where It Is cool and comfortablt. Take a Quart or Pint Home I Have You Tried The Drink All Blytheville Is Talking About? HIRES ROOT BEER Served From The "Wooden Keg" In Frosted Mugs Try Our Wonderful "Frosty" Sundaes 15e & 25< Fresh Strawberry Pineapple Chocolate Black Walnut Cherry Banana Splits 30c Fountain Coca Cola Brown Derby ... lOc & 15c Malts and Shake* extra thick "Frosty" conn 5c-10c-15c All kinds of sandwich**. "FROSTY" at tht Razorback Drive-In

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