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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS ANP SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 112 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily New» Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JULY 31, 1953 TEN PAGES SINGLE' COPIES FIVE CENTS R. A. Taft Dies; Sons at Bedside He May Be Succeeded By an Ohio Democrat NEW YORK (AP) — Sen. Robert A. Taft died today. The end came at 10:30 a. m. EST for the Senate Republican leader in New York Hospital. . "Senator Taft's life came to an end quietly and without pain at 11:30 a. m. EOT July 31, 1953," a hospital bulletin The bulletin said "his death was the result of Widespread highly malignant, rapidly growing juniors." first official word on the nature of his ailment. Taft's death reduces the Republican membership in the Senate to less than that of the Democrats. The line-up now is 47 Democdats 46 Republicans and one independent. Taft's four sons were at his side when he died. His wife, Marth an invalid, was at the family home in Washington. She was brought here Tuesday in a wheelchair foi a visit to her husband, but friends said she was too ill to make another trip. Taft, 63, was the son of Presi dent William Howard Taft and a candidate against Dwighfc Eisen hower for the GOP presidentia nomination last year. He enterec the hospital July 4 for treatment o what was described as a hip ail ment. The Hospital Bulletin The hospital bulletin on his deat] said: "His death was th9 result l wide-spread, highly malignant j rapidly growing tumors, the firs symptoms of which were pains i.. - - - . the legs, later localized in the left formed. The Foreign Office de- ; hjp _ clinecl comment. j "These svmplorhs had their on- Fearful that he could not mam- ^ ^ ^ g ^ f of _ .^ tain his grip In the weak of the. beginning were very of Interior Minister L. P. Has Zhukov Taken Over In Russia? Churchill Gets Reports Of Military Coup LONDON (AP) — Reports that a trio o! Russian war-hero marshals under the famed Georgi K. Zuhkbv has taken over real power in the Soviet Union' were studied here today. The Evening News said Prime Minister Churchill had been Pilot Testifies Red PlanesDownedBSO Search for Survivors Has Been Abandoned TOYKO (AP) — An American Airman rescued from the sea a few miles off Siberia said his B50 bomber was shot down by Russian fighters, Gen. 0. P. Weyland, Far East Air Force commander, said tonight. Moscow said yesterday two Soviet fighters exchanged shots with a B50 over Vladivostok. Capt VISITS TEST PLOTS — Seven cotton and two soybean fertilizer test plots in North Mississippi County were checked yesterday by Dr. R. L. Beacher, head of the Soil Testing Laboratory at the University of Arkansas, and Dick Maples, a field assistant. They were' accompanied by County Agent Keith Bilbrey and Assistant County Agent H. H. Carter. Above ^leit i to right), Mr. Carter, Mr. Maples, Dr. Beacher and G. T. Oracy are shown in a cotton test plot on the Gracy farm at Yarbro. They reported some visible differences already in the cotton plots but no apparent differences on any treatment in soybean plots. Mr. Bilbrey said they were pleased with stands in the plots and the outlook for good information at harvest time. House Committee Okays Lifting of Debt Ceiling WASHINGTON (AP) - President Eisenhower's late-hour proposal to boost the fedcr, debt ceiling to 290 billion dollars cleared its first congressional hurdle today. Ihe House New Trace Violations Are Charged by Reds By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN (AP) — The Reds accused the Allies today U.K. spokesman said the purge .j. ~.._~-— Beria the paper says. .Premier Georgi M. Malenkov turned in desperation to the professional soldiers of the Soviet army who now are the "power behind the throne." and in obscure. "The disorder was accompanied by a severe anemia requiring many transfusions. Some of the areas of involvement were benefit- in Thursday night's! ted by treatment and there were edition of Lord Rothermere's newspaper was signed by 'ts diplomatic correspondent, C. F. Melville, who brief periods of general improvement. "However, the disease could not , Je controlled, and eventually pro! gressed relentlessly despite the ap- Jt was tne nrsi siep in a ten^. nym-mc u,,^ by administration forces to push across the storm provoking request in the closing hours or days of this congressional session. House leaders planned to rush* the bill through the Rules Committee and seek a House vote later today. Republican chieftains confidently predicted — and Democrats generally agreed—it would sail through overwhelmingly. But thjve i«,fi<v;'e "ppositior. in the Senate, and the issue threw a , . . , ( ------- ....... ----------- .... said he understood Sir Winston was i be controlled, and eventually pro"so impressed by reports of - of all the therapeutic av ilable to modern sci- takeover of power by a military i plication pro-peace group that he is about j weapons to redouble his efforts to get an j ence ,, earlv round-table between the Rus-1 ' . sfanand Western heads of govern-! Tat is the second Republican °\ *', ,, ! senator to die within a week. Sen. Triumvirate ! Charles W. Tobey of New Hamp- Allied with Zliukov in the mill-j shire died last Friday, tary triumvirate, the correspond-! A GOP appointee is,expected to ent wrote, are Marshal A. M. Vas-i succeed Tobey, the New if'evsky, former armed forces min-| shire Republican, ister, and Vastly D. Sokolovsky. • But Taft's native Ohio hero of Berlin and Soviet chief of • Democrat, Frank J. staff. Vasilevsky and Zhukov have; its R01 held, since the death of Joseph I pccled to name a Democrat to Stalin, the two posts of deputy de-: succeed Taft fense minister under the political, ' • ' general, Marshal Nikolai A. Bui-i *"> Majority ganin. i Should these expectations mater- Bulganin, this account said, "iSjialize, the Senate lineup would be: expected to disappear irom the' 48 Democrats, 47 Republicans, 1 scene before long, as he was one independent, of Stalin's hand-picked_ men." _ _ | This would give the Democrats , cloud of doubt over plans to ad- has n Laiische, as Lausche is ex- journ Congress this week. However, there were signs at least some of the Senate opposition to the President's plea was wavering. Chairman Daniel A. Reed (RNY) announced the House committee voted approval for a bill, drafted by him, to increase the debt ceiling from 215 to 230 billion Hamp- j dollars.' The action came after Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey and Budget Director Joseph Dodge presented the administration's case in a closed meeting. Humphrey said yesterday "near panic" might result if the lid is - . The three soldiers, Melville add" ed, would strongly favor pence \vith the West because they believe "Russia is not in a position to risk conflict." a mend- cotton Cotton Bill Said Ready Bonus Acreage Method Termed Compromise WASHINGTON f.-Pr—An ment permitting "bonus' acreage allotments to be counted on a historical basis in determining future quotas brought south and west near agreement today on a change in the cotton quota formula. Chairman Hope (R-Kan> announ ed House Agriculure Committee agreement on the amendment today. Hope said he would try to get House action on the bill later in the day. The bil^would provide for a 22'/ 2 million a*re basic national allotment for 1953, plus "bonus" acreage of 164,700 acres to prevent California and Arizona from being I cut more than 29!/ 2 per cent of * 195 plantings. As drafted yesterday, the committee bill would have prevented California and Arizona to count their bonus acreage on the five-year history on which future state allotments are made. The amendment today struck thai provision from the bill, allowing the extra acreage to go on history. a slim majority if they were joined by Morse, who would hold the balance of power. Howaver, if Morse chose to vote with his former Republican colleagues, the 48-48 tie could be decided in favor of the GOP by Vive President Nixon, a Republican. Despite their opportunity to wrest senatorial power, which means the coveted committee chairmanships, Democrats are reported tc be reluctant to take over control of that body at present. Taft's stay in the hospital had been marked by generally optimistic reports until Tuesday, when it wa.s announced his condition had deteriorated. He rallied Wednesday and as :Michael Called To Testify Again House Committee Wonts to Hear Fiery Methodist Accused of Being Red By HARRY SNYDER WASHINGTON (AP) — The House Un-American activities Committee today called back for more questioning a Methodist minister who vehemently denied any Red ties and P, denounced his first quizzing as "Un-American" "Un-Chnst- ian." of two new truce violations but a charges were not serious. ,.,,-,• The accusations came as the Korean Military Armistice Commission and other truce groups met, at Panmunjom. The Communists made their llth * * * and 12th complaints of Allied truce violation in the 4-day-old truce at the hour and 46-minute meeting of the U. N.-Red armistice commission. The commission is charged with policing the 2 VI-mile-wide demilitarized zone across Korea. The Communists said military aircraft circled and reconnoitered over the zone Wednesday and Thursday. Maj. Gen. Blackshenv M. Brynn, head of the U. N. team on the commission, said the complaints woud be investigated but they they were not serious. There were indications the O.N. Command is trying to steer clear of arguments over what, it considers accidental ov extremely minor vioations. There %vas no indication yet whether the Allies • would accuse the Reds of a violation following Air Force reports that large numbers of planes—probably MIG jet fighters—flew south from Manchuria into North Korea Monday night after the cease-fire deadline. Armistice terms specify that only replacement armament is to be allowed into North or South Korea— and that under supervision. A joint Allied - Red croup discussed final details for exchanging >iiers. which Is to begin next Wednesday. tex t of a'nole delivered by Am- Soviets Picked Up Survivors U.S. to Demand Return Of Those Captured WASHINGTON (AP) — The United States has information that Soviet vessels picked up a number of survivors from the U. S. B50 plane shot down by Russian fighters off Siberia, it was disclosed today. The State Department announced it has protested to Moscow ngainst the shooting down of the B50 and n.skecl "an immediate report" from Russian authorities on the condition of the survivors and plans for releasing them. The dcp.irtme-nt released the not lifted and the government as a result couldn't pay its bills. The debt now stands at 272' ; i billions. The Senate Finance Committee planned a similar session this afternoon (1:30 p. m. EST). House leaders obviously hoped to send the bill to the Senate in time for that committee to act on it today. As the Senate recessed last night, acting Republican Leader Knowland of California told his colleagues he still "will want to reserve judgment on the hour nnd day of adjournment" in view of the President's debt limit request. lllh Hour Action He said he advised Secretary of State Dulles he does not expect to be free to leave either Saturday or Sunday on their scheduled trip to Korea to confer with Korean President Syngman Rhee. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, called the debt limit request "startling—it it has been sent to the Congress a long deposition relating their observations of Ihe minister. Tlie Rev. Jack Richard Mc- Mlchael. pastor of the Community Methodist Church of Upper Lake, Calif., came out of yesterday's stormy hearing saying'. "The whole procedure was based l a principle that would have condemned Jesus—guilt by association." The lanky witness, quick in speech and a hard man to quiet, gave the committee what one member. Rep. Clardy (R-Mtch), called "an exasperating day." During the hearing, the 36-year- ild Oeorgia-born preacher asserted he is not now and never has been a Communist. He shouted that two former Communists who branded him as a Red were "liars and perjurers" and,« - ^V^j—-;^ " '(.ought to be so charged and tried. > B , vthov in,, Mavor "I'd appreciate your producing uu y OI »'y">evnie. them and letting me look at them," he thundered. "They are my accusers. I'm an American and I'd like to confront them." The two men were named by Committee Counsel Robert L. Kun- Fishing Rodeo Set for Aug. 22 Similar Event For Negro Youth Slated for Aug. 29 The second annual Blythevsile Pishing Rodeo for young boys and girls will be held Aug. 22 at Walker Park under the joint sponsor- late as yesterday was able to eat | a t the llth hour." breakfast, chat and dangle his legs over the side of his bed. But he took a sudden turn for the worse late yesterday and went into a coma from which he did not emerge. One son, William Howard Taft III, ambassador to Ireland, made a transatlantic flight to be with him during his last hours. Another, Horace, a physicist, flew in from Los Alamos, N. M. The other sons with him at his death were Robert. Jr., and Lloyd. Gasoline Taxes Set New Mark Blodgett announced this morning. Registration for the rodeo will begin at 8 a.m. and the contest will start at 8:30, ending at 11 for lunch. Chief of Police Cecil Graves, chairman of the rodeo As they met. the U.N. Command bnssndor Charles Bullion to Soviet said it would move more Bed prls- j Dnp ,,ty Foreign Minister Andrei oners north toward the exchange Gromv |; 0 antl nlno ., statement which together with the note asserted: MIG t.Vs no Job 1. The U. S. Air Force B50 Was MIG15 fighters over the Sea ot shot down by one or more Soviet Japan about 40 miles south of Cape Povortyny. 2. The American co-pilot was rescued by an American ship but Soviet vessels were sighted in the area of the crash and survivors were "seen on liferafts." 3. Yesterday Bohlon was instructed "to protest in the strongest ; terms the shooting down of this j American aircraft" and to get in- ] formation about the return of the I survivors "presumed to be" in So- j viet custody. ; 4. The U. S. plane crashed .niter the Soviet aircraft had shot into \ its engines and set it Ouchita Head Resigns ARKADELPHIA. MV- Dr. Howard A. Haswell resigned as president of- Ouchita College here last night, effective Oct. IS- He will become executive coordinator of the Texas Baptist Christian Education Commission ' at Dallas, overseeing financial affairs of the nine Baptist educational Institutions of Texas, Including Baylor Univer- LITTLE ROCK, record high of $2,168.269 in gasoline taxes \vas collected by the Arkansas Revenue Department last month. Revenue Commissioner Horace Thompson .said yesterday the gasoline tax collections exceeded last month's receipts by $426,000 and were $122,000 higher than the previous record set last October. Total collections from all tax sources In July were $9,536,447 an Increase of $1,100,000 over receipts for July 1052. Amounts from other tax sources Sales, $2.538,512; auto license, »2,148.535; severance, 1282,353; clRnret- Eisenhower formally asked for .he increase in a terse, 250-word message to Congress last night. The President said . it will be necessary to borrow more money and exceed the present limit "to meet necessary expenditures and to maintain a safe working balance of fund. 1 ? ... to conduct the government's fiscal affairs effectively." House Speaker Joseph Martin (R-Mass) told reporters there may be a wail of protests over the issue, but when the chips are down congressmen "will be falling all over themselves to vote for the increase." "None of these fellows is going to want to vote against this thing when they realize the vr-rans might not get their checks in De cember, or government might go unpaid, or we might not be able to pay for the airplanes and tanks delivered for national defense," Sen. Sparkmnn of Alabama, the Democrats' 1052 vice presidential nominee, said he would prefer to have the administration try to get along without the higher ceiling and call Congress back to special session In the fall If It finds this impossible. Sen. MRybank (D-SC) declared: "I think at this particular time it Is Impossible for Ihe President to zig as Manning Johnson and Leonard Patterson. "No Conspiracy" "I've engaged in no conspiracy , with the Communist party," Mci Michael said, telling the commit- I tee it was guilty of circulating "false charges." Such statements were Intermingled with numerous declarations that he had no recollection regarding past issoctations with some organizations that have been cited as subversive. From start to finish, confusion arose from the witness' inclination to expand his answers or to pursue a subject while a commlt- 'tee member was trying to ask another question. The witness, whose name figured in last week's committee testimony by Methodist Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam of Washington, D. C.. ackmnvldgrd he had been committee, said. j point at Panmunjom Sunday. The Red Pciping radio said Allied prisoners in the Pyoklonp; camp in North Korea were given farewell banquet. It said they joined with their Red captors in shouts of "LonK live peace!" However, pciping did not say when the prisoners would begin moving south. "Real Feast" The broadcast, heard in Tokyo, said it was a "real grand feast," each man getting l'/ 2 pounds of meat plus vegetables, all "prepared in Western style." It said, "beer, wine and candy also were made available." At Panmunjom, Allied soldiers rushed preparations to receive the 12,763 Allied prisoners—3,313 ol p them Americans. About 63,000 North Koreans and 5,000 Chinese will be turned back to the Reds. _lryan told newsmen after the joint commission's fourth meeting that "Things went along all right today." He acknowledged that Ihe com „,... John B. Roche of Wash- ngton, D. C., told Weyland the bomber was shot down shortly af- er 6:15 a.m. about 40 miles of! he Russian coast. Weyland said he personally Interviewed the rescued co-pilot. Roches was snatched from the water by a Navy destroyer, the • Picking, after having been in the water II hours and spending another 11 hours in a boat dropped by n search plane. Weyland's headquarters said Roche was in good physical condition and had only bruises on hla riead and face suffered when he bailed out of the bomber. The plane carried 16 other crewmen. The search for mor« survivors was abandoned today. Moscow charged Thursday that a B50 flew over the Siberian coast near the big port of Vladivostok Wednesday and opened fire as two Soviet fighters rose to intercept it. In a strongly-worded note delivered to the II. S. Embassy, Moscow said the fighters returned the fire and the bomber disappeared in the direction of the sea. Ask Punishment The note demanded that the U.S. government see to it that Russia's frontier is not violated and that the "guilty fliers" be punished. U. S. tate Department officials declined to comment. The B50 was from the 343rd Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron based at Forbes Air Force Base at Topeka, Kan. It was on temporary duty with the Far East Air Forces and had been operating from Japan. A B50 normally carries, a crew ol 10. Forbes announced the names ol 14 airmen listed officially as missing. Officials said the other two men were not regular members o! j the crew and Forbes had no record :! of their names. Roche was picked up from a small rescue boat dropped Thursday night by an Air Force plane. The Air Force said he was about 40 miles : south of Mys cape Povorotny, which is 50 miles east of Vladivostok. Bluest Base Vladivostok, some 600 miles north- w .(, of Tcniyo. probably is Russia's biggest naval base in the Far East. A search plane said it .may .have spotted more survivors bobbing in life belts Wednesday but heavy fog made further search impossible. Friday no additional survivors could be found and the search was cnlldc off. U. S- and Soviet planes have clashed three times in the Par East in less than a year. New Hours Set For Chest X-Ray tics in Rights-of-Way Said Offered Duplicate prizes will be awarded "~. """".,:~:;~ ,, , ,. ,„,,, 1 to the boy and girl that win each 1 mlK >'°" had hit snags but mcll- of the twelve titles. The grand, cated none was serious. | LITTLE ROCK Wl - The Ark.n- 1 prize is a complete casting outfit | Bryan said he considered prog- ' sas Highway Commission says Le- »oing to the boy and girl that' ress in the truce smooth and told panto nnd Harrisburg have offered catch the largest fish. There will a newsman: ' | to provide free rights-of-way in - - "We have accomplished as much Poinsett County on two highway ...... as we could expect in this time, j projects if the county judge fails the': YOU must remember that we are „.,« j dealing in three languages and it's There also will be j. prize for been fearfully slow." The commission agreed that civil be a prize for the best fishing cos tume worn by the contestants and a prize for the catcher of smallest fish. the entrant that catches the greatest weight In fish, and numerous other awards. The State Fish and Game Commission will furnish a new movie, made by them, to be shown after lunch is served. The prizes will be announced and awarded following the rnovle, Mayor Blodgett said. Any boy or girl in the Blytnevllle to do so. If County Judge Sid Smith does not act to furnish the riphrs-ot-way within 30 days, the commission i Am. o...,,.,........... ••*,-•—. -....* said, it would accept the cities' j police will enter the buffer zone 'offers for work on Highways 1 and The commission is giving construction priority to projects wtiore the rights-of-way are given to the shortly to maintain order and protect joint U. N. - Red observer teams. They also will keep unauthorized persons out of the zone. Their nationality was not announced. Both sides reported they had abandoned the buffer zone by 10 'workers I chairman of the American Youth Congress, an organization that has trade area will be eligible to en-ip. m . Thursday, the deadline set ter the contest. Each contestant will be required to furnish his own tackle and bait. Any bait is permissible except jirtilicial. The American Legion will spon TII Kiilld Runway Bryan also tolri the Reels Late Bulletin— i New hours for the annual series-. i of chest x-ray clinics to be held; I in Mississippi County next montB; were anounced today by Mrs.y- Franco.s G-immill, executive set*; retsry of the Tuberculosis Associ-'- auon. X-rays will be made from 10 .1. m. to 1 p, m. and from 2 until p. rn. The changes was made to; pernm more working persons to obtain the free x-rays. Mrs Onmmill said a meeting of volunteer registars lor the clinics will be Held at 10 a. m. Monday in the Tuberculosis Association i Mrs Annabel B. Fill, county• hfjlth r,i;y;e will conduct the meeting. Rev.istars will be cautioned to ; obtain exact address from persons being x-rayed to help in locating ! tubrrctilosi.s suspects later. i Mrs Oammill also said more ; volunteer registers are needed 1 i the clinics, which begin Tuesd . I In Leashville and continue through the end of August. -'''• IPS. S.W5.344: franchise, ,«336.27f); in-(have the debt limit raised. If the rorne $248446' beer, 108,450: liquor I administration will economize nnd nunuiu, rm unueiujvo nBv..»,: »-.«.. „,... ...... •'—-'-- i HOUSE on Pa«e U . wbo provided tht oommltt** with UuUpollUtt WM Involved. sor a similar RodfO for the Negro been cited as a Communist front, boys and girls Aiif. 29 with the; Sot Hcd same prizes and rules, according j But he insiled the organization "was not Communist-dominated and 1 can prove it." He said the organization was made up of several youth groups—including the Young Communist League. Bishop Oxnam testified last week that he became "suspicious" of McMlchacl throtigh his activities within the, Methodist Federation of Social Action. girls entered the second phase tcflms werc meeUng for the This year a greater number of f , [lmc |n the buffer zone . Ten entries are expected. .„„_, .„., with , our ,„ s | x oftl . . McMlchnel also said he .couldn't recoil Martha N. and John J. Edmiston, FBI undercover Agents Graves. Last . year, approximately white boys and girls .entered event and about 95 Negro boys and I girls entered the second phase. lhe U. N. Command plans to build | a runway for light aircraft in the Panmunjom area. The commission adjourned after > scheduling another meeting for U m . Saturday (7 p. m. Friday, Meanwhile Joint Allied-Red ob- Claims Politics in Aid WASHINGTON, OT-Rep. Harris says selection of drouaht disaster counties In his Arkansas district rankest f>' rank dls- ,«hows "the crimination 1 tefims, each with four to six offi- cers'of at least field grade rank, will police the demilitarized belt. Three other truce groups met at Pnnmunjom: a joint committee to arrange for construction of facilities for Ihe Neutral Nations Supfr- RIM) hlnls strongly i vlsory Commission, which Set TRUCE on Page II That extra $8,888,000 fnr Bly- Ihf-villc's !\ir base was In Hie hands of a Senate-House conft-r- iMine e'otiiniittctr tills afternoon hut no word of the outcome was expee-teel until tonight. Sen. ,lohn I,. McClellan's office said there was no indication of how long the conference committee's meeting would last, but that it probably woulel not break up before^ tonight at the earliest. Weather Belt Talks Continue ST. LOUIS, f/JV-Representa lives of Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. and the CIO Communications Workers Union will resume miRotialions next, wepk, Prnnk P. Lonorgan, vice president of Vhft union's District 6, announced today, ARKANSAS — Generally fair this alteinnon. tonight and Saturday. Not much change in temperature. . .MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight, and Saturday; continued hot low tonight 13-80; high Saturday 100. Maximum yostorday—98 Minimum ypEterdny morning—72. Suri.-,et today— 1 :03. Sunrlsft tomorro\v--5:]0. Procip .liift 24 hours to 6.30 p m. yesterday—none Mciin temperature (midway toetwet* l^ti and low)—85, Pm:lp. .Ian, I to date—3321. This IXitf Last Yrar Minimum y(v-ter.!ay morntoK—71. Maximum yo.stordny-t02. Prcclp. Jau. 1 10 diilo—26.50.