The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 4, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, May 4, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 37 BlythevlUe Courier Biythevilto DsJly Nan Blytheville Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Split Expected In Austrian Treaty Talks By ARTHUR GAVSIION VIENNA, Austria (AP) — A possible Western-Russian split over oil properties U. S. and Dutch companies lost 17 years ago loomed as the Big Four ambassadors turned today to reparations clauses of the Austrian independence treaty. to be Negotiations between the U.S. British, French and Soviet ambassadors and Austrian Foreign Minister Leopold Figl went into theii third day-with about half the 30,Big City Demos Are Key Figures In Farm Vote Showdown on Price Support Program Draws Nearer By B. L. LIVINGSTONE WASHINGTO NW—Northern big- city Democrats with large numbers of consumer constituents appeared to hold the balance of power today as the House neared a showdown on farm price supports. It was a repeat performance of last year's farm battle, save that the House this time is being asked to reverse last year's administration victory establishing a program of flexible price supports on basic crops. Attention On Consumer Both sides concentrated their attention on the consumer and members from large city districts in the debate preceding a final voti scheduled for late today. Democrats generally supported the bill; Republicans were mostly lined up against it. Before the House was a bill which would scrap the administration program of supports ranging from 82|/ 2 to 90 per cent.of parity, and. substitute for it a program of rigid supports at 90 per cent of parity in effect until this year. Parity is a legal standard designed to afford the farmer a fair return on his crops ir relation to his costs. Denies Coalition To assertions that farm income was down 22 per cent since 1951, Republican Leader Martin of Massachusetts replied '"these depressing conditions all come about while price supports were rigidly pegged at 90 per centf of parity." Rep. Cooley (D-NC), chairman of the H.ouse Agriculture Committee, said it is not true that farm state members are in 'some kind of a vicious coalition" with organized labor. Cooley hotly rejected suggestions that farm leaders plan to repay organized labor for its support by voting later for an increase in the federal minimum wage. Area's Union To Share Jobs On D-Y Project Jonesboro Lo^al 1328 of the International Hod Carriers, Building and Common Laborers Union, which represents all of Northeasi Arkansas, has been selected together with local 1441 of Memphis to represent the union in regard to construction of the planned Dixon-Yates power plant at West Memphis. Jonesboro union officials announced yesterday. Authorization from the union's national office sets up .standards of procedure for equalizing the union's employment oportunitips in construction of the plant between Arkansas and Tennessee workers. The directive calls for establishment of a pool office at West Memphis on a joint basis by the two locals to conduct the union's affairs in regard to the Dixon-Yates project. 000-word treaty draft still reviewed. The five representatives are'try- ing to agree on a revised treaty for the Big Four foreign ministers to sign. Three months after it is signed, all foreign troops must be withdrawn from Austria. To Resist Demands The Western Allies were reported planning to resist a Russian demand that Austria guarantee, to keep her oil industry—operated by the U.S. Standard-Vacuum Oil Co. and Royal Dutch Shell before World War II — out of. foreign hands. The industry now produces an estimated three million tons of crude oil a year and has extensive refining and marketing agencies. In exchange for the Austrian ban on foreign ownership, the Soviets have offered to waive provisions of the previous treaty draft which gave them drilling and extraction rights in some fields for 30 years and for 26 years in others. The Austrians were reported ready to agree to the Soviet condition, which also includes Austrian delivery of 10 million tons of crude oil to Russia in the next 10 years. Socialist members of Austria's coalition government want to tionalize the oil industry. Seized by Nazis Hitler's Nazis seized the oil properties from the U.S. and Dutch companies soon after Wofld War II began. The Russians grabbed them after the war as German assets and reparations. Standard-V a c u u m and She! claimed they were forced to sell to the Nazis under duress. 1 They are seeking to get the properties back. Conference sources reported last night that the Soviets had come up with a surprise proposal that all occupation troops be pulled out of Austria by,Dec,. 31, .even if the treaty then. had not been signed by Blytheville Men Who Escaped Tucker Captured LONOKE, Ark. (/B — Two escapees from the Tucker Prison Farm were captured today by Lonoke County Sheriff Earl Jackson near here. Although details of the capture were not immediately available, it was reported that they offered no resistance. The two men, who escaped from the state prison Monday afternoon, are Earl Cannon, 24, and Tom Elliott, 20. Both were sentenced from Mississippi County (Blytheville). Cannon was sentenced for grand larceny, Elliott for forgery. four D<e in Crash FT, DENNING, Oa , iff) Army men were killed in the crash of a helicopter on Ft. Ber.ning's main post last night, Four Woman Shot; Ex-Husband Held Jonesboro Mother Shot as She Enters Her Apartment JONESBORO, Ark. Iff'} — A 26- enr-old mother of two children was shot down as she entered her apartment here last night and police have arrested her former husband for questioning. Mrs. Sadi Ruffin was In a jones- b ro hospital In critical condition after she was shot once in the back with a .22 caliber rifle last night. In custody of police here was J. C. Ruffin, 38,a farmer of Nettleton, Ark, Chief of police Wes Mooneyham said Ruffin signed a statement in which he said he hid in some shrubbery near the apartment and shot Mrs. Ruffin. To File Charges Pros. Atty.' Terry Shell was expected to file charges of assault with Intent to kill against Ruffin this morning in Craighcad Circuit Court ' ere. Moneyham said the Ruffins have aeen divorced for about a year. There arc tvo children, both in the custody of Mrs. Ruffin. Mooneyham quoted Ruffin as .saying he shot his former wife out of jealousy and because she refused to allow him to .see the children. .said Mrs. RufHn was given "a 50-50 j chance" to live. Foptilotion of Frw Asia 737,300,000 Area 3,752.900 So. Miks Proposed $2,140,500,000 -, £f" for Regional Aid to " South East $831,700,000 Asian Aid for Fiscal Year 1955 J Free Asia boundary Communist Countries Attending Indian Conference at'Simla on Regional U. S. Aid Dollars to the Rescue in Asia- President Eisenhower has asked Congress for a $3.530,000,000 foreign aid program for fiscal 1956. starting July 1, 1955. Most of thir, estimated at $2,140,500,000, is earmarked for nations in "the vast arc of free^ Asia." The President's message did not give the country-by-country breakdown of the new program. This map shows tin- free Asinn arc and the amounts each country received under the fiscal 1955 program. India has called for an 11-nation (see map) conference lo be held at Simla, India, early this month, to plan the use of the new American aid on a regional basis. Constitutional Monarchy Said Recommended by US for Viet Nam By JOHN RODERICK SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) — The United States today was reported recommending hat a constitutional monarchy be established fur strife-torn South Viet Nam. As authoritative sources revealed this current American position, local and provincial Vietnamese leaders flocked to Saigon for a special congress called by Premiei Ngo Dinh Diem to act on the National Revolutionary Committee's demand for the ouster of chief of Fishermen Marooned JAKOBSHAVN. Greenland (/Pj— Rescue boats fought through drifting ice today in an attempt to save dozens of fishermen off the west coast of Greenland. Trade Meeting Set BOMBAY, India upjAn Arab-Indian trade conference suggested by Egypt's Premier Nassar wiU be held in July under auspices of the Indo- Arab Society. jtate Bao Dai, the ex-emperor of Annam. From his luxurious villa on the* French Riviera, Bao Dai denounced the congress—or "states general"—as illegal. ...The^Amerjcan .position was said ;o be that because of South Viet Mom's political immaturity, the ^tablizlng influence of a monarchy with only limited powers is needed to give continuity and avoid chaos. The sources said that should lo- i? sentiment prove so great igainst Bao Dai, his son Bao Long or some other member of the former royal house could bi; 'lesig- iitted ruler with tightly circumscribed powers. Became Councilor Bao Dai, now 42, succeeded to .lie throne of the central Viet Nam cingdom of Anmini in 192fi. A pup)et first of the French and then of the Japanese during the occupation, he abdicated at the end of hn war and became a "supreme councilor" in the postwar revolu- mnary government of Communist Ho Chi Minn. Early in 1946 he fled to Hong Kong and lived in exile there or on the French Riviera. The French brought him back in 194!) to be chief of state for Viet Nam. He vent to France in April 1954 and lasn't been back lo Saigon since. Sentiment against the playboy ex-Emperor increased in Saigon today. Newspapers appearing a few hours hefore the states general as- embly gathered carried violent at- ack.s against him. Some published photographs of him crossed by large black marks. One displayed a picture of Bao Dai with his bulldog and asked, "Which i.s the more interesting?" The Vielnaine.se move to oust Bao Dai followed his attempt last week to supplant Premier Diem with Gen. Nguyen Van Vy, a supporter of the chief of .state. The army refused to fellow Vy, who fled to the hill resort of Dalat. In a cable to Diem, Bao Dai last night challenged the authority of the special congress and snid its "illegality does not even need lo be proved." Support From French 'In the present situation and in the midst of civil war, a congress meeting in Saigon and dominated by a revolutionary fraction could i:ot express the will of the people," the chief of slate declared. Diem's success In routing the rebel Binh Xuyen society, which attempted to overthrow his government by armed force last week, See VIET NAM on Page 12 3Gunboats Damaged; Nationalists Report New Red Buildup TAIPEI, Formosa (AP) — Nationalist China today produced fresh reports of a Red buildup near the offshore islands and said its planes damaged three Communist gunboats in the Qucmoy area. Area's Insect Population Is Termed Small Appearance of army worms and other damaging Insctcs in Mississippi County's fields wits seen as a minor problem today by County Agent Keith Bilbrcy. He and Extension Service Entomologist Gordon Barnes checked number <;f fields this week and reported that in the north end of the county the number of diim;i[> insects is smaller than at any other similar period in years gone by. Some worms wore found, Bilbrey pointed out, .stating that if large hatch follows, .some fanners .still might have to poison in small grain." • Cut worm population in silfiilfa, the report stated, was quite smull. Inside Today's Courier News , . . Beardless Pirates Fast Becoming Nations! League. Nuisance . . . Limited TV, Unrestricted Draft Said Cures for HascbaM's Ills. . . Nine ISIythcvillc Golfers in Little Rock Tourney .... Sports . . .'Pages K and 9. . . . . . Organl/cd Labor to Remain Independent Politlral Force . . . Pace 7 ... Had Weather Good for Atomic Warfare . . . Page 2... NEA's Annual Report Says: Teacher Shortage Still Desperate WASHINGTON W) — The teacher shortage Ls still desperate, the National Education Assn. (NEA) said today. The association's annual report said the immediate problem Ls to get Into the classrooms qualified teacher candidates who will be coming out of the nation's col- legs next month. "A total of 86,f!9C members of the 1955 graduating class will come from college and university campuses with standard preparation to, enter teaching In the elc- rr.entary and high schools next September," the NEA reported. Of Still more tire needed to take care of the tremendous Increase in enrollments in the lower grades, thLs total 35.278 will be eligible for elementary school teaching and Si ,418 for high school, it said. But based on previous experience, NEA estimated only 79 per cent of the potential elementary teachers and only 56 per cent of the potential high school teachers actually would go into the classrooms. More than that, the report .said, are needed lo take the places of thr. 60,000 teachers who leave the profession each year. the NEA said, and to reduce over- sizo classes and replace teachers who do not meet minimum standards. The worst problem is in the elementary grades now, but the report said high school officials arc aware of the "Impending tide" expected to descend on lliein Iiitcr and arc faced "with dbsnstcr If th; teacher .supply troiKl Is not fthnrply and decisively rcverflcd." • The air force said its pilots sought out the gunboats, described as between :i01) and 400 tons, on the limdwiml .side of Quemuy In western A moy Bay. The area Is 120 miles west of Formosa across the strait. Pilots said one of the gunbont.1 caught fire and suflured heavy aamage. The Communist buildup threatening the offshore Islands continues both near Quemoy and the area opposite the Mfitsu group 175 miles up the const, the Tatao Newt. Agency reported. Patrolling Coast The Reds are patrolling the coast with high - speed torpedo bouts, said the agency, which Is operated by the Interior Ministry. Comimindo units are being org;mi'/L>d tn .spearhead sittucks oil bo'li groups of LslancLs, it asserted! Foreign Minister George Yen today personally denied local press reports which said he had hinted Nationalist China might agree to a <:ea.s(>fire. He told a press conference, ;miong other things, that his government "lias never requested, nor has the United States govern- mcnt offered, American ground foi'tics to be stationed in Taiwan tFormo.saj." Delayed Again SURVIVAL CITY, Nev. </?< — Had winds and clouds forced another postponement today of the much- delayed open atomic .shot. The prospect for firing tomorrow was riot regarded as favorable because of an approaching storm off' the California coast. Ike Favors Voluntary/ Controls for Vaccine Says Government Will Assure Inoculation for All Children ( By MARVIN L. AKKOWSMITH WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today he has given all sorts of consideration to federal controls over distribution of Salk polio vaccine but still thinks the voluntary method is best. The President told a news conference the government intends to see to it that no child ever goes without the vaciiic because of inability to pay for it. Volunteering his remarks about the vaccine program, Elsenhower nlso said government oUfclals 'arc convinced Uie present iuoculation program should go ahead despite development of paralytic polio by n few youngsters who have received vaccine produced by one firm. The President said that In his opinion It Ls both safe and wise to go ahead with the Inoeula'tlons. Esenhower nlso dealt with these other topics: CEASE-FIKE — Eisenhower said that tit the moment tho United j Stales Is in a sort of walt-and-sd position with respect to possible talks between this country ant Red China on a cease-fire In the Formosa urea. He added there aro a numbci of countries — apart from the United States—which are Interest Ing themselves In Uie prospect o a ccnsc-firc. There Is nothing new on the subject, he snid. MRS. EISENHOWER —He said Mrs. Eisenhower's health is robust and strong as Urn some people, but .she IK a gooc healthy person despite what ho termed her Inability to throw off Jic effects of a very serious virus Infection which she developed, lasl March. The reporter who put the question about the First Lady's health snid it wns prompted by: Demo- crntlc National Chairman Pitu! Butler's statement In March that the President might not «oe!c second term beciiM.se of. the slatt of Mrs. Elsenhower's heiUth, line secondly, cancellation of all of Mrs, Elsenhower's soclnl engagements for this week on orders of icr physician. The reporter, Charles von Fromd of CBS, told Elsenhower he" the question wn« a personal ono and hoped the president would not take offense. Elsenhower sold it was a legitimate question. He then wont :o say that In his opinion wife's general health the Innt two years has been better than It was luring the previous 10. Federal Vaccine Controls Backed By CHARLES P. BARRETT , WASHINGTON (AP) — House Republican Leader Martin of Massachusetts said today he favors "some federal supervision" over distribution of the Salk polio vaccine. MurtJn thus Joined POLITICS — A reporter recalled .hut Elsenhower remarked last week that his term still had 21 Tionths to run, and that he regarded that, as a long time tor a man of his age. He asked whether the President kept a calendar on the wall and wa.s chocking off the months to the time when his term will expire. Joining In the laughter. Elsen- hower replied that he always does Sec IKi: nn I'lifrc 12 Blood Donors Are Sought For Accident Victim Blood donors for Joe Bill Chitman, Injured In an automobile accident at Orlder Sunday night which resulted In ',hc death of Ml«- KiKfllppI County Deputy Sheriff Lester Ay res, wore being sought today. Mcthodl.it Hospital officials at Memphis have .said that Chitmim, who was seriously burned In the accident, needs a Urge amount of blood. Chitman was a passenger in Jack Hunter's car which was struck from behind by the Ayrcs' vehicle. The deputy .sheriff was killed almost Instantly, Transportation for blood donors will be provided. Interested persons may contact lien A. Craig of Barker Lane or William J. Craig of 2329 Marguerite. City Pushes Its Traffic Campaign Five motorists forfeited bonds of $5 each this morning in the Municipal Court as a result of continued efforts of city police to cut down on stop sign runners and speeders. The five drivers who forfeited bonds on n charge of running stop signa were Mel Brooks, Rnland Davis, Mrs- Maurice Sales, B. P. Brogdon and Albert Haynts. A charge of improper passing cost Charley Lee Neal a $19.75 forfeited bom!.In a ca-w continued from yesterday, Oscar Jones 'forfeited a $19.50 bond on a charge of driving without a driver's llcnnw:. A ctmc crmrglng Mnyfield Thomp>n with assault with a deadly weapon was continued &(?ftln this morning, this time until Saturday, Cmit-nte Cotlins was fined on two courtta this morning. On one charge of having no driver's license. Collins wan fined $10 und coets after entering a plea of guilty. Oil the other count of failure to answer a summons he was fined $5 and casts, Which was suspended during fjood behavior. Lat« hist week Chief of Police John Foster warned ntotorl.sts that police were goin^ to conduct ti campaign against speeders and stop sign and stop light runners. The campaign is still going on and especially around schools and heavily traveled area. 1 !. Chief Foster said that Motorists were supposed to stop before turn- Ing right on a red ll^ht. Those who fail to do so will be treated the same as those who run red lights. He aLfio stated that on some IlifhlA n turn on red IR not per- miMtlbta n ml warned drivers to watch for the yellow signs thai state whether a right turn can be made. Missco Towns Plan for Action Small Towns Organize To Provide Jobs For Their Citizenry Pour Mississippi County totviw have bnndeii together with three from Crnlghentl County to form an orKmilzntlon known us "Northeast Arkansas Municipalities," clcslgned to work out coonerntlve programs of industrial development and civic Improvement. Towns forming the organisation at ii meeting at MonutUi Monday night were Manila, Leaclivllle, Dell, Luxora, Monette, Dlnck Oak and Caraway. TlpUin Clmirniiin Mayor Alvln Tlpton of Manila was named chairman of the organization. All seven towns were represented ut the meeting by their mayors nncl flldcniKMl. • Though no specific projects were undertaken, the group plans to fieek development of cooperative i in an effort to gain strength through unification and common efforts. Tlic-group Is still In the formative stage, Mayor Tlpton said today. At the present It is largely Just an exchange of Idens. Tile group docs plan U) try expanding to Include other towns nlso, hu said. Regular meeting will be held. No date has been set for the next meeting pending drafting of a constitution und By-lnwfl, he flfilcl. Following talks by Mayor Tlpton, former governor Francis Cherry and Arkansas Municipal League executive director dlcnn Zimmerman, and discussion by Uie group It was decided to form the organisation. The project was endorsed unanlSet: MISSCO cm I'aitc 12 - growing number of House; members and senators in both political parties advocating, temporary controls. Their: goal to assure that .while supplies are still scarce, the vaccine goes first to children In Uie 5 to 8 age group, which la most susceptible to polio. . Most of the plans cull for younger children to get-'the. ant priority. Several bills also would control prices of the vaccine. The Elsenhower administration has favored trying voluntary.meth- ods first. . : Martin Said he had no recommendations but thought a House committee ''should look Into" the matter .of controls. ', : Hearlnci Planned Chairman Sponce (D-Ky) al the House Bunking Committee, which, handles controls legislation, aaid lie hoped to be able to sUrt hearings by Friday, , . . Chairman Priest (D-Tenn) of the House Commerce Committee, which handles general health"mat- tcrs, cautioned against too hasty action. He said his committee: Is "watching the situation very closely but we haven't yet reached the point where wo think legislative action Is required, or desirable at tho present time." Governors agreed at an. administration-sponsored meeting yesterday to name a committee to work with tho government on distribution problems. Some of them said they got no clear picture from Secretary of Welfare Hobby as to what Is planned. "It's a little bit disturbing," said Republican Qov. Mllword L, Simpson of Wyoming, "that they haven't come up with some program after having nearly a month to' work one out. They seem to be Just going around In circles." Oov. Avercll Harrlman of New York, a Democrat, said he does not support a system of controls because "It would take two months to establish any rationing system." Rep, Multcr (D-NY) Introduced a bill to give the President power io proclaim temporary controls over the distribution, use and price of the vaccine. Live Virus Vaccine May Be Long-Lasting ATLANTIC CITY, N. J. (AP) — A Cincinnati scientist looks forward to long-lasting immunization against polio through the 'iso of. vaccine containing live virus. Dr, Albert E. Sabln, who conducted experiments In which live- virus vaccine was .swallowed by 30 volunteer rcformator. prisoners told the A.ssociatlor of American Physicians yesterday It might be long time before a workable vaccine of that type can be achieved. In his report to the association, Sabin -said the prisoners who received the vaccine containing live jolfo Kirn las developed vlrus-block- ng ar.tlbodcfl. The news came on the heels of he .success of the Salk untipolio /acclne, which used a killed germ ind must be injected. Dr. Hart Van Riper, medical di- •cctor of the National Foundation or Infantile Paralysis, which financed Dr. Sabin's work, said it still too early to determine cf- ectivene.ss of the new vaccine. Thus, he said, there could be no lomparLson of the Salk and Sabin racclncs. Nehru to Visit Hussion Capitol NEW DELHI, India (/T) — Prime Minister Nehru plans to leave Bombay June 5 for his long-projected islt to the Soviet Union and other East European nations, a government spokesman said today. Dl-scloslnp the first definite dates r the trip, the spokesman said chru would arrive In Prague, Czechoslovakia,- June 6. On June he will fly to Moscow for a two- week (ttny. The spokesman said the balance if the Prime Minister's itinerary Deluding visits to Poland and Bill-Soviet Communist Yugoslavia, ot yet been settled. Sabln conducted experiments .for many years but in latter months gave the live vaccine to 30 volunteer prisoners In the federal reformatory at Chillicothe, Ohio. Ages of the prisoners ranged from 21 to 30. He said he used th-ee strains of live polio virus and fed minute quantities—about a 50th part of a drop—U) each prisoner In a tea- .spoonful of milk. He said the prisoners did not show symptoms of polio. He emphasized much work remains to be done before It can be said with certainty that a vaccine taken by mouth Is practical. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Put' ly cloudy and contiritied warm thU afternoon, tonight and Thursday. High this afternoon In the high 80s Low tonight in the low 60s. •MISSOURI—Partly cloudy esrt , und extreme south and fair elsewhere; generally fair Thursday; cooler most of state tonight and south and east Thursday; low tonight near SO northwest to N southeast; high Thursday TO north- cast to lower 30 southwest. Mftxlmum ywtcrdfty—«A. Minimum thli morning—45, ijunrlae this morning—5:07. sunset today—8:47. Menu temperature—77, Prcclplutlon IMC 24 houn to T p. •. —None Precipitation Jun 1 to 0|M«—H.N. Thli D»te Lut Y»t Miulmum yestent»yr-«3, Minimum this mornlnf—M. prMlplutlon Juiuurr 1 to <uw — MM,

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