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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TH« DOMINANT HEW8PAHBI OT HOHTBIA81 AMCANIA* AND 8ODTMA8T JO88ODIU VOL. LI—NO. 36 Blythevllk Couritr Blytb«vUk CWlj Hen BlyttWTtlli Renld UiuWppl Vallty LMte BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MAY 3, 1955 SIXTEEN PAGES PuMUlud Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Governors Hear Ikes Plans for Salvaging Big Highway Program By HERB ALTSCH11LL WASHINGTON (AP) — Administration leaders reported to a pretty well split group of the nation's governors today on what it plans to do about salvaging its big highway program. The meeting was held behind closed doors. SPRING SCENE — Negro and white' school children line up at the health unit here for what may be an ordinary springtime event in years to come. They're getting their anti-polio inoculations. The children in grades one through four wert getting their second, and final, Salk vaccine «hot. Over 1,700 children from BlytheVille, Dell and Burdette received shots this morning, with fwo schools, Lange and Elm Street, scheduled for this afternoon. North Mississippi County officials will complete the series tomorrow at Luxora City Hall beginning at 1 p.m. That will leave only boosters and makeup shots to be given at a later date. Five hundred children received shots at Manila and Leachville yesterday. (Courier News Photo) House to Study Federal Curb On Polio Vaccine Distribution WASHINGTON (AP) — An early start appeared assured today for House hearings into the wisdom of federal controls over the distribution of Salk polio vacine. The Eisenhower administration has thus far recommended against such controls. Secretary of Welfare Hobby said last night she wi:l recommend curbs to the White House "if it appears on the basis of our findings and discussions or developments that the fight against polio will best be advanced by such legislation." * * * * * * Two Inoculated Walnut Ridge Boys Feared Polio Patients PARAGOULD, Ark. W) — Doctors are keeping « close eye on two Walnut Ridge, Ark., children at Community Methodist Hospital here. They may be the first two Arkansas children to contract polio after being inoculated with Salk vaccine. They are Dane Sloan, 7, son of Mr. and Mrs. J F Sloan, III. and Danny Collins, 7, son of Mr. and Mrs. Hobart Collins. Doctors said tests had been made since they were admitted to the hospital over the weekend. No definite conclusions have been reached yet. The youngsters, second grade pupils, were inoculated with vaccine manufactured by the EH Lilly Co. of Indianapolis. They received the first shot April 21 The Sloan boy was hospitalized fi days after receiving the 'vaccine and the Collins boy was admitted one day later. The normal incubation period for polio is 10 to 14 days. Ike, Congress Chiefs View Foreign Aid Bill WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhuwer conferred for an hour ami 40 minutes today with 25 congressional leaders of both parlies on his 3-1/2-bilHon-doUar foreign aid bill. Sen. George (D-Ga), chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, told reporters later: "There is no question but that it will get through—in what form, I don't know." George, Senate Leader Lyndon Johnson of Texas, and House Speaker Rayburn of Texas headed the 11 Democrats at the White House conference. The Republican contingent included Vice President Nixon, Senate Leader Knowland of California and House Leader Martin of Massachusetts. Gave Review Secretary of State Dulles and Foreign Operations Administrator Harold E. Stassen were among administration officials joining in the Holder Awarded C.of C. Certificate Worth Holder, manager of Blytheville's Chamber of Commerce, last night received a certificate of commendation at the organization night dinner of the 43rd annual meeting of the Chambers of Commerce of the United States in Washington, D. C. Holder, in Washington in connection with local housing problems, also attended the national Chamber meetings. He was a host at the education breakfast held this morning. What, No Bacon? ASHLAND, Ky. 0P> — Ten pounds of sugar, a pound of coffee and five bunches of carrots were stolen from the Charles Russell Elementary School. The thief also took a skillet. conference. Rayburn told reporters that Dulles and -the other officials gave a worldwide review of economic and military conditions. "I thought they handled them-' selves very well," Rayburn said. Knowland said Dulles' briefing centered on "developments in the Par Pacific area." He gave no details, Opposition Dwindling, Sen. Byrd Claims WASHINGTON UPl — Sen. Byrd (D-Vn) said today most of the Senate opposition to the liberalized foreign trade bill appeared to have di.sappeared. Byrd, floor manager for the bill, said in advance of a second day of floor debate there is a possibility of an agreement to limit debate starting tomorrow and, that the bill might pass without change tomorrow night. 'That would be three days, and not so long ago we were afraid it might take 30 days," he said. Working on Agreement Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex) said he n-as working on a time -limitation agreement. Such an agreement requires unanimous consent. Its fate appeared to be largely up to Sen. Malone (R-Nev), bitter foe of the reciprocal trade program. Malone conceded in a separate interview he believes there will be only a few vote? against the measure on passage. A rewriting 7 job done on the trade bill by the Finance Committee, which Byrd heads, appeared to have quieted much of the opposition. Bill, Unpaid 18 Years, Settled in Full Honesty is still the best policy ... at least In some foUts' books. That's the conclusion Mayor E. R. Jackson came to after receiving payment for a bill which was nearly 20 years old and long forgotten. Just the other day, the Mayor got ft $3.66 money order from one «ylvest«r Walker of Chicago. Walker, a real-M tit* man In Chicago, wrole that he lived m BlyihevlUe in 1937, at which time he opened an account at a filling station, then owned by Mayor Jackson. He said he recently wos looking over his past records and discovered that when he moved to Chicago, he had forgotten, the *3,6A bill, which had gone unpaid until now. A special government-sponsored advisory committee, comprised chiefly of private medical and health. officials, yesterday recommended voluntary controls to deal with problems of supply, distribution and priorities. Contracts treed Several members of Congress have called for federal controls to assure that the vaccine goes first to those who need it most—generally children from 5 to 9. Chairman Spence (D-Ky) said yeesterday the House Banking Committee will hold hearings on the question "as soon as possible." Rep. Celler (D-NY), sponsor of a bill calling for controls, wrote Spence that the situation has "the makings of a national tragedy." Sen. Morse (D-bre) told the Senate there has been evidence thnt the vaccine "was being distributed with favoritism" in New York. Still Too Early In New York, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis said fewer children have been stricken with polio this year than in recent years, but a spokesman said, "You can't draw any conclusions at all at this point concerning the effect of the vaccination program—it's still too early." The foundation said that of the nine million first and second- graders due to get free shots, about four million have received the first of two injections. Government officials, meanwhile continued their silence over inquiries they are making into some 35 cases of polio which developed after children had received at least one shot. Mrs. Ray Hall's Father Succumbs J. R. Pittman, father of Mrs. Roy Hall, died in Itta Bena, Miss., last night. A retired planter, he was 85. • Services will be Wednesday at 2 p.m. In Itta Bena Baptist Church. Mrs. Hall, who nas been in Itta Bena several days, will be joined there by Mr. Hall tomorrow. Mayor on Hand For AML Meet Mayor E. R. Jackson will attend a special meeting of the executive committee and officers of the Ar- 'kansas Municipal League at Little Rock tomorrow. The meeting, called by the -Hague's executive director. Glen G. Zimmerman, will be held at Howl Marlon. Mayor Jackson Is a .member of the executive committee. Federal Court Term Continued May U'rm of Federal Court in Jonesboro, scheduled to open yesterday, ha.s berin postponed till October because of illness of Federal Judge Thomas C. Trimble. The charge of embezzlement against Edward Calvin Stiles, former Idler at Farmers Bank and Trust Co., here was continued, along with the rest of the docket, until October 3. A briefing was scheduled alter the close of the session. Meanwhile, Oov. Robert F. Kennon of Louisiana, chairman of the governors' conference, aftid he and his supporters will campaign among members of the House of Representatives to revive the ad- State Is Seeking Early Shipment Of Vaccine Quota Rapidly Approaching School Vacation Is Listed as Reason LITTLE ROCK Ifl — The State Health Department has appealed to the National Foundation for Infantile' Paralysis for an early shipment of half of Arkansas' remaining quota of Salk polio vaccine. Dr. J. T. Herron said today that he had asked yesterday for an early shipment in order to give second shots to children in schools which will be closing in the next two weeks, The State Education Department said that a few schools will close for the summer this week and that the number of schools closing will increase each week for the rest of the month. No Firm Commitment If the vaccine doe's not arrive before the schools close, it will cause coasiderable inconvenience in administering the second shots. One of the reasonf for selecting school children to receive the free shote .was because they were In an organized, readily reached group. Dr. Herron said that the foundation made no firm commitment, but promised to make a quick shipment if at all possible. He said that the Ell Lilly Co., which nmmifacttired the vaccine used in Arkansas, hnd diverted part of Its supply to replace Cutter Laboratories, Inc. vacclne- which, has been withdrawn until an investigation can be made. Half of Arkansas' vaccine quota for second shots would be about 32,000 cubic centimeters—with each cc equal to one shot. 84,000 Inoculated Approximately 84,000 children received the vaccine the first time around, but the Health Department had about 21,000 shots left over and the Foundation will ship only the difference. The department announced yesterday that it had shipped the surplus to 16 counties which already had set up second shot clinics. It has been recommended that the second 'shot be given from two to four weeks after the first inoculation, and Dr. Herron 'said he will make every effort to do so. He said, however, that no "irreparable damage" would be done if the .second inoculations were delayed a few days. The department announced yesterday that the 59 counties which did not receive shipments of the surplus vaccine probably .would have to wait until the week of May 16 to give second shots. Blacktopping Starts on Hearn Blacktopping of Hearn Street in the 1600 block began yesterday, Mayor E. R. Jackson said today. The work is being done with the city blacktopping machine and with city provided labor. Property owners are paying *1 per frontage foot for the surfacing. The Job will take several days, Mayor Jackson said, and will make Hearn completely hard-surfaced. ministration's controversial road financing program. That plan has been scrapped by the Senate Public Roads subcommittee, which instead adopted A "pay-as-you-go" formula proposed by Sen. Gore (D-Tenn). Some Buck Gore Some of the governors, notably AvereU Harrlmim of New York and George M. Leader of Pennsylvania, endorsed the Gore formula. Reporting to the governors were Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey, Gen. Lucius D. Clay, head of President Eisenhower's highway committee; and Francis V. du Pont, special consultant on highways to the secretary of com merce. All three endorsed the Eisenhower road program in hearings before Uie Senate subcommittee. The subcommittee last Friday approved a Jive-year, 22-bilIlon-dol- lar new road program with the federal and stale governments sharing in the cost. Elsenhower urged a 10-year program involving 54 billion dollars more than would be spent at the .present rate. Forty-five governors were on hand yesterday for a briefing on foreign and defense policy. Afterward there was some grumbling about what they heard. Faubus Present Gov. Orval E. Faubus of Arkansas said, "We didn't learn anything we didn't know before." Gov, AvereU Harriman of New York said he heard -nothing thnt lie thought ought to be kept secret, adding that "a current, careful reader of the newspapers would be as well informed." Both Faubus and Harriman are Democrats. At a dinner last night, Eisenhower, told the governors in ti brief informal talk that the meeting serves 'to "bring us back closer to the people of your stated." Then speaking in general about the American form of government, Elsenhower spoke out against officials—state or federal—"silting in an Ivory tower," oblivious of criticism. He sad > • welcomes any honest .differences of opinion the governors may have with him, See GOVERNORS on Page 8 Debate on Farm Price Props Opens In House STATE PRESIDENT — Ml« Patsy Edlngton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. E. Torjusen, 560 N. W. Parkway, has been elected state president or the Future Business Lenders ol America at a state meeting In Conwny. As president, Miss Ellington will be the delegate from Arkansas to the National PBLA convention In Chicago June 7-8. (Courier Newi Photo). Demos Seek Return Of Rigid Supports By L, L. LIVINGSTONE WASHINGTON (AP) — Opposing House forces squared off today in a new battle over the old issue oi farm price-supports. Tho decision, however it goes. Is certain to' ec':o noisily In next year's political campaigning. Scheduled for two days of debate wns a bill to Jmik Uie admin istration's fledging flexible support program nnd restore high rigid price props on basic, commodities to the levels first fixed in World War II to spur production. Both Will Be Close sides conceded the could go either way when the show- Inside Today's Courier Newt . . . Bowl's Karly Power Gone . . . Archlt Moore Set for Surap with Murciano After Decision Over Valdai . . . Sportu . . . F»(« 12 >nd 13 ... . . . OrjanlKd Labor Flmm New Inlfri-nt In I'olltlai In 1956 . . . Pace 16 ... Courier Newt Maga- ilne . . . P»»e » . . . In Viet Norn Mop-Up; Cao Dai Troops Join Diem Forces By JOHN RODERICK SAIGON, South- Viet Nam (AP) — Premier Neo Dihn Diem's nationalist army has been joined by harct-hitting troops of the Cao Dai religious sect in a final offensive against the Binh Xuyen rebels, the Defense Ministry announced tonight. * * U.S. Reported Pledging Full Support to Diem By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON (AP) — The Slate Department, after wavering briefly, reportedly decided several days ago on all- out support for free Viet Nam's Premier Ngo Dinh Diem in the face of French and some Vietnamese opposition. Special Ambassador J. Lawton Collins, It was learned today, has been instructed to give Diem 100 per cent backing, scrapping plans which might have curbed Diem's authority. New directives were said to have been sent to Collins while he was flying back to Saigon. At the same time, the United States was understood to have requested both France and absentee Vietnamese chief of state Bao Dai, now living on the French Riviera, to throw their full support behind Diem. This Implied Threat plea reportedly was bolstered by an Implied threat to cut off American military and economic aid If French authorities and Bao Dai continued to oppose Dlcm. The freshly forged policy grows out of Diem's apparent success In crushing an attempted rebellion by political opponents and in rallying broad support from anti-communist groups In South Viet Nnin. Until the shooting broke out in Saigon last Wednesday, American officials were known to be draft- Ing "alternative" plans for changing Diem's government — plans which Involved concessions to his foes. Collins helped draft these new plans while here for consultations last week. The State Department tossed out yesterday a broad hint American policy might even include approval of possible ouster of Bao Dai. Paris dispatches reported last night that the French wore now prepared to "sacrifice" Boo Dal If that becomes necessary to restore stability to Southern Indochina. Missco Men Escape From Tucker Farm Two Blythevlllc men, who escaped from Tucker Prison Farm yesterday, were still free today and county authorities here Bald a check of this area produced no trace of the pair. The men, who walked away from a work detail In a rice field yesterday afternoon, were Earl Cannon, 24, and Tom Elliott, 20. Cannon was sent to the prison Irom Circuit Court here last November to serve a three-year term for grand larceny, and Elliott entered last February to serve two years for forgery and uttering. A possee with bloodhounds were believed to 'have had the men cornered near Coy, 18 miles north of Tucker, early last night, but there was no trace of them this morning. Russia and European Satellites Plan Unified Military Command VIENNA IB—Warsaw radio announced today that Russia and her seven East European satellites will meet in the Polish capital May il to set up a unified military command, ammand. Western observers In Vienna said the move apparently was being taken to provide the legal basis for retaining Russian troops in Hungary and Romania after ihe expected end of the four-power occupation of Austria, Red China Too said the with Communist China sending an observer. The eight European nations met In Moscow last November to warn that the unified command would be set up If West Europe went ahead with ratification of the Paris treaties and with West German rearmament. Western observers In Vienna said the announcement appeared a positive Indication that Ru.wla expects to carry through Its promise to sign an Austrian Independence treaty and end the occupation. A Big Four ambassadors' conference to settle outstanding questions on the Austrian treaty now In In progress In Vienna. A com- munique Issued after the first session yesterday said "notable progress was made." IXfml Hull Under the terms of the World War II pence treaties with Hungary and Romania, Russia should withdraw Its troops from those nations as soon as they are no longer needed to protect the supply line to Soviet troops in Austria. Creation of a unified command would give the Russians a legal bosls to continue their forces In the satellites—un estimated 300,000 men In Hungary, 300,000 In Romania and 400,000 In Poland. The Soviets reportedly have only military observers In Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Albania. The black-clad Cao Dnl forces, commanded by Gen. Trlnh Mlnh The, once were allied with the Binh Xuycn spclety and the Hoa HHO sect In a united front demanding Diem's resignation. But Ocn. The switched sides three months ago. He withdrew BULLETIN SAIGON, Soulh Viet Nam (/!')— Gen, Trlnh Mlnh The, top Cm) Dal general and one of the chief lupporter* 'of the frc« Viet Nam revolutionary commlttifl, was killed hi action tonlfht. from the alliance when the Binh Xuyen leader, don, Le Vim Vlen, rejected demands that the antigovernment campaign avoid armed struggle, Four Battalion* Now Gen. The has thrown four battalions of his troops, perhaps 2,400 men, to Diem's support and is helping In the rnopup of Vlen's battered force of 2,000 men on Saigon's outskirts. Gen, The and his alc'.es, all antl- Communlst.'i and antl-Colonallsts, are also cooperating in Diem's consolidation of his advantage on the political front over absentee Chief of State Bao Dal. The Premier formally convoked tt "states general"—an assembly of political party representatives nnd municipal and provincial officials—to pass judgment on the National Revolutionary Committee's weekend recommendation to depose Bao Dal. The assembly wns called to meet In Saigon tomorrow. In a nationwide broadcast, Diem said the national army also would have voice In the flnnl decision on the committee's recommendations. Both the states general and the army were expected to approve the ousting of the playboy ex-Emperor, who Ims been living on the French Riviera for the past 13 months. New Support The demands for Bao Dai's deposition followed hLs cabled order last week for Gen. Nguyen Van Vy, a supporter of his, to supplnnt Diem. The army refused to follow Vy, who scurried back to the hill resort of Dalat. Reports of new French support and renewed U.S. backing bolstered the Premier. French officials In Paris said last night that their government and the United States are prepared to "sacrifice" Bao Dal if his removal would promote stability. In Washington, Henry Suydam, chief State Department press officer, told newsmen the United States "continues to support the legal government of free Viet Nam" headed by Diem. He. refused to say whether Washington still regards Bao Dal as chief of state. Fljhtlnir Continue! Spasmodic fighting continued, meanwhile, between four nationalist army battalions and the broken See VIET NAM on P»«e « down comes tomorrow. Democratic leaders, however predicted that If they capture 20 or more Republican votes they can pass the high support bill. Republicans were equally hopeful of hold- Ing city Democrats. Lnst year, in a Republican-controlled H o u s e, 45 Democrats tenmed up with the GOP majority to pass the present flexible law supporting basic farm crops at levels between 82& and 90 per cent of parity. Voting with the Democrats were 23 Republicans. Rep. Harrison (R-Neb) said the GOP expects to lose only about 18 votes this time, but might also lose some of las' year's Democratic support. No Early Chanfe Seen Regardless of what the. House does, no early change la the law is in prospect. The Senate Agriculture Committee has indicated it will not even consider a. price support bill be* fore next year. And In the event Congress should piss such legislation, It would almost certainly be vetoed by President Elsenhower. Tlie new farm bill would restore price supports at 90 per cent of purity for wheat, corn, cotton, rlc« and peanuts. Under . the present administration program, these crops can be supported at 82 to 00 per cent of parity this year. The support range will drop to 7t to 00 per cent next year and thereafter. For dairy products, the measure proposes • price support! at 80 to DO per cent of parity In place Of 78 to M per cent under present law. ' •• •• <» Parity In. a legal standard Intended to assure farmers a fair return for their • product* in relation to the cost of things they buy. Editor's Talk On Race Issue Is Interrupted MEMPHIS, Tenn. Ml — Reports of' murder and violence sent shrieking sirens lost night to compete with editor nodding Carter's criticism of while supremacy citizens councils In Mississippi. Tlie noisy arrival of a fire en- Klnc, squad cars, a Navy shore patrol wngon und two ambulances —summoned by false alarms—Interrupted Carter's talk before the Memphis Public Affaire Forum. The forum was held at th« YWCA. "It's clear that some people had it in for Mr. Carter and just wanted to make trouble," a YWCA official said. The scries of telephone calls falsely reported a fire, an accident, a shooting, a murder and •> riot. Carter, editor of the Greenville (Miss.) Delta Democrat-Times, said the recent growth of citizens councils In hla state Is "dangerous nnd unholy" and threatens to create a "shadow legislature." The councils were formed to fight, with economic pressure, any move to back up the Supreme Court's ruling that racial segregation In public schools is unconstitutional. Carter said he opposes any sharp change In Mississippi's school system, but feels the councils' use of "economic terrorism" to maintain segregation "is not worthy to be called American." Economy Aid ..TOKYO (/P) — U. S. servicemen and dependants contributed 296 million dollars to Japan's economy through individual purchases last year. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Partly cloudy and continued warm this afternoon, tonight and Wed- ne-rlay. High this afternoon in the high 80s to low 90s. Low tonight In the high 50a to low ««. MISSOURI: Partly cloudy thii afternoon and tonight with local thundcrshowers extreme northwMt this afternoon; Wednesday generally fair; little temperature change; low tonight generally In the tat; high Wednesday 86-90. Maximum yeaterdny—89. Minimum thU morning—*>. Sunrise thin morning—5:04, 3unc»t tod«y—«:«. Moan temperature—74.!. Prcclpltnlon lut 24 noun to 7 ». m, —None. Precipitation Jan. 1 to <Ut«—30,94. Thll Dltc U»t YtH ' Mnxlmum reit«rd«y—7S. Minimum this mornlni—W. Precipitation Jtnunry 1 to da«*-» 10.49.