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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THl DOMINANT MWBPAWB Of NORTHSA81 ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI NblWwd OUST" Except Sunday VOL. LI—NO. 35 Blyttwtllle Courltr BlrtheviU* Dally N*n MiKluippI Vallcr LMtter BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 2, 1955 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPY FTVB CENTS Big 4 Talks On Austria Open Today By RICHARD O'REGAN VIENNA, Austria (AP) — Big Four talks which may bring freedom to occupied Austria and big changes in Europe opened in Vienna this morning amid an air of optimism. The ambassadors of the Unted States, Britain, Prance and Rus sia began conferences in an effon to reach final agreement on Aus tria's long-delayed independence treaty. Arriving for the first session U.S. Ambassador Llewellyn E * Thompson Jr. told newsmen: "I expect the conferenci to be a short one and a successful one We have much work to do, bu with good will on all sides, this can be accomplished in a ver short time. "If the conference develops as I hope it will, we may be able to arrange a meeting jf the Big Four foreign ministers in Vienna at very early date." They will bring the 30,000 words of the draft pact up to date so that their four foreign ministers can sign It at a later meeting here After 10 years of deadlock, the Russians have said they now wanl to end the occupation of Austria, The ambassadors' talks will show whether the Soviets mean it. Mos 1 Western diplomats here believe this time they may. 90 Days to Leave If the ambassadors agree the foreign ministers approve, the 44,000 Russian and 25,000 Western occupation troops will have to leave the country within 90 days after ratification of the pact. This could come by fall. The ambassadors' meeting also was watched closely as an indica tion of prospects for further Big Four conferences on East-West differences. Austria's government has said that once free she will remain militarily neutral. Although her gov ernment is strongly pro-Western neither Russia nor the West would be able to use her strategic crossroads or her Alpine strongholds. Thompson Chairman U. S. Ambassador Llewellyn E. Thompson Jr., as, the senior Big Pour diplomat in Vienna, was the chairman for the first session of . the talks. The gavel will rotate each day among Soviet emissary Ivan I Ilyichev, British Ambassa dor Sir Geofnrey Wallinger and French Charge d'Affaires Roger Lalouette. The envoys agreed in advance MilHgan Troop Again Wins At Camporee Milligan Ridge's Troop 56 re r tired North Mississippi County Boy Scout District's Kelley Welch trophy at the district's annual spring camporee Friday, Saturday and Sunday, It won the sweepstakes award based on camping, conduct and Scouting skills when 161 Scouts and adult leaders were on hand for the event at Cralghead Forest. It marked the third straight year that Scoutmaster Raymond Powers' IWilJigan Ridge troop had won the trophy. West of the Lake units made a clean sweep, Troop 32 of Manilla coming in sc-cond, three points behind Milligan, and Troop 42 of Leachville getting third place. Eagle Scout Gary Weinberg of Leachville was awarded a palm to his Eagle badge at Saturday night's campfire court of honor. The camporee was under the direction of W. J. Stensiek, district camping director. Talk b/ Cease-fire NEW DELHI, India IJI — U. S. Ambassador John Sherman Cooper held weekend talks with India's top foreign policy adviser, V. K. Krishna Menon, it was learned today. They reportedly talked about Menon's impending mission to Peiping to spur Formosa negotiations between Red China and the United States. their deliberations would be secret, with only brief communiques to report any progress made. The way for conclusion of a treaty was paved at the Moscow meeting last month of Soviet Foreign Minister V. M, Molotov and Austrian Chancellor .Julius Raab. After Austria had agreed to the neutrality pledge, Molotov said his government was ready to conclude the treaty. He also reduced Russia's reparations claims. BIG TRUCK ROLLS OVER — This trailer- truck rolled over on its side squarely across the Frisco lines near Holland early yesterday morning, but no one was injured. The driver said he had pulled off Highway 61 in an attempt to secure his load of processed beef. (IMioto by Vca- Ker) President Gets Radford s Formosa Report Tuesday WASHINGTON (AP) — The White House announced today that Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, will report to President Eisenhower tomorrow on his trip to Formosa. Press Secretary James C. Hagerty said he did not know whether Radford would be joined at the White House conference by Walter Robertson, assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern affairs. Radford and Robertson returned* over the weekend from Formosa where they conferred with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek anc other officials of the Chinese Nationalist government on a variety of subjects. A top matter. presumably was the current talk of Formosa cease-fire. The leisurely plans for their port to Eisenhower tended to eliminate any air of urgency about the findings. In fact, Radford and Rob' ertson reached the United States in time for a weekend report but Went to Richmond, Va., for a stop at Robertson's home before coming on to Washington Iflst night. Cltiinged Subject Peiping radio early today dropped mention of the ceasefire Idea and spoke belligerently of "U. S. imperialism" it said is preparing" "to unleash a new war." Eisenhower was described by P highly placet! administration official yesterday as being determined o pursue his quest for a cease- fire in the Formosa Strait despite the opposition of some senators. Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP Senate leader, said in speech at a patriotic rally yesterday in Burlington, Wls., that the Red Chinese "don't need, a conference to bring about a cease-fire." "All they need," he said, "is to stop shooting and building up their aggressive forces in that area of the Formosa Straits." Not Resigning" Knowland said Saturday he has 10 present intention of resigning as Senate Republican leader because of his differences with the administration on Far East policy. Twelve other GOP senators said m a statement Saturday night they back the President's efforts for negotiation of a cease-fire. "The President of the United States has a right and obligation to wage peace as Well as war," :hey said. "Waging peace is what lip is trying to do." Tnose who signed the statement were Senators Allott (Colo), Beall Ma), Bush (Conn), Carlson (Kan), Clif/ord Case (NJ), H. Alexander Smith (NJ), Cotton (NH), Duff GPa), Ives (NY), Kuchel (Calif), Payne (Maine) and Saltonstall (Mass). Smith and Saltonstall added, in i supplementary statement, that if jossible "it is most advisable . . . hat such (cease-fire) negotiations be carried on In collaboration with •epresentatives of our ally, Na- lonalist China." More Mud Slinging SALT LAKE CITY 1/H — The weather went into iU mud-slinging ict in Utah again yesterday. Winds iO to 60 m.p.h. strong whisked dust nto the air, where rain gathered it ind splashed it back down. Mixed n was salt from the desert near he Great Salt Lake. Geologist Reports On Tomato Wei Tomato's strange natural gas phenomenon still shrouded in mystery today, though some possible explanations were provided by the state Geology Division today. * along the Mississippi River bottom- The .well, which blew in with a rush 'a""weck"'ago" last' 'Friday' oh the Elmer Elam farm, at, lost report was still . burning merrily away with no apparent diminishing of force. The BBS pocket was hit at 19 ieet when Mr. Stum was sinking a water well for geese in one ol his cotton fields. He farms 500 acres on land .owned by Alvin Wunderlich of Memphis. Possibilities Listed Norman F. Williams, director of the Division of Geology, in Little Rock said today there are a number of possibilities for the phenomenon. "Actually it would be just matter of time in telling how long It will continue/' he said. "There have been a number ol such cases in South Arkansas •lands," •far as I know, lasted as long as Busy Street Is Momentarily A Sweet Deal The intersection Ji Main and Division Streets not only was one of the city's busiest yesterday afternoon, for awhile It was the sweetest. Fifteen cases 01 Pepsi-Cola spilled from :i route truck owned by the soft drink bottling firm and broke as the truck turned from Division Street on to Main. The truck was being returned from service station to the bottling firm at the time of the accident. No one was injured but traffic was snarled for several minutes while city workmen cleaned up the broken glass. Cherry Elected At State Meeting J. Louis Cherry, New York Life Insurance agent for BtytiieviJle area, was named president of the Leaders' Round Table of Arkansas Friday when the group met in Little Rock. The group met in connection with the 23rd annual Life Insurance lales Congress at Robinson Audi- .orium. SeMo School After Teachers Here Missouri is moving into the Arkansas teacher market. Arkansas educators, already beset with problems in obtaining sufficient teachers for their schools, evidently are going to have even stiffer competition this year. Matthews, Mo., Consolidated District has placed an ad in the Courier News calling for teachers during the 1955-56 school year. Inexperienced elementary teachers with degrees are being offered $2.600. A high school English teacher, also needed In the school, will be paid $2,700 and a basketball coach, who is qualified to teach American history, civics or world history, will draw down $3^300. Lester M. King, Matthews' superintendent, submitted the ad to b« run In this newspaper. Above Local Rate* •Mpwtotwfeat oi ftctuolc W. A. Nicholson said today this scale evidently is somewhat higher than that paid In local schools where a beginning teacher, with degree, starts at $2,250. However, Mr. Nicholson pointed out, up to now. as many or more teachers have signed contracts for this year than had done so at this time last year. "Evidently this .s some expression of confidence u. the schools. I have pulled no punches In telling them of our financial position. "About all I, or the board, can do is assure them we'll do every- tbiDg la our pow«t to fuUill U*ir 1955-56 contracts/' In past years, Mr. Nicholson has recruited teachers from ,an area consisting of Arkansas, George Peabody College, Nashville, and Mississippi. But a recent pay boost In Mississippi, he pointed out, may eliminate part of that area. Raiding by Missouri and other states, all of which pay teachers more than Arkansas, will further complicate the problem of recruit- Ing teachers, he pointed out. Earlier this spring, Indiana school men announced they will conduct teacher recruiting en ITU palgn* in Arkansas, n year." "It could be from an accumulation of gas rrom decomposing vegetable matter in the .sand, clay and gravel formations of this area "Or it could be that the gas IK coming from deeper down from a trapped gas .seep. The gas could be coming up from a deep entrapment through a fault." Such occurcncefi have been found farther south in Eastern Arkansas, lie said, though not In commercial quantities. There are other possible variations on the latter explanation, Mr. Williams pointed out. "On the basis of past experience, it would be touch and go as to whether to expend much money on taking the gas for use," he said. May Last Awhile To separate the Has from wafer, he said, requires a separator tank similar to that used in oil fields to separate oil from The mixture is run from the well to a closed tank where It is sprayed across baffles or other devices to scatter the material. The gas is trapped off at the top and the liquid is taken at the bottom. However, Mr. Williams did say looked like this well promised to last, quite awhile because of its pressure. "I don't recall any others in the eastern part of the state with that much pressure," he said. The well at E lam's has bad n continuous flame ftbout six feet high since first lighted. He doubted that it held mucn promise for large development, though. A l»rge number of openings in the area may deplete the supply rapidly, he said. Pulitzer Awards Today NEW YORK W— Pulitzer Prizes in journalism, literature and other fields will be awarded today for the 38th time. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. Not much change in temperature. Partly cloudy and warm Wednesday with widely scattered thunderstorms. High this afternoon in the mid to high 805. Low tonight in the 50s. MISSOURI—Partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday; scattered showers or thunderstorms west and north por tions this afternoon and tonight nd over most of the state Tuesday; windy northwest this afternoon; low t/jnight in the 60s; high Tuesday 85-92. Muximiim Saturday—83. Minimum yesterday—-55. Maximum yefitcrcl&y—85. Minimum this mornlnK—39. SunrlKfi ihln moinlng—5;09. Sunset today—<J;«. Mean temp«rnture—72 Precipitation la«t 48 hours to 7 p. m. --None. Precipitation Jnn, 1 to date—20.01. ' This D.Ur Last Year Maximum ypstfirdny—82. Minimum thin mornlnK—«9- Prftrlpltatlon January 1 to rtntc— 18.82. Deputy Sheriff Meets Death In Two-Car Crash One of Two • Traffic Accidents In This Area Highway accidents in Southeast Missouri and Mississippi County yesterday accounted for one death —that of County Deputy Sheriff Lester Ayers of Chelford Community, A large truck overturned a half- mile north of Holland cnrly Sunday morning, though neither of Its occupants sutnlned any injuries. Deputy Ayres was killed almost instantly about 7 o'clock last night whelh his cnr rammed into the renr|of a 1041 Ford driven by JncK Hunter of psceola. A [passenger jn the /Hunter cur, Identified A$ : Joe 'Bfrl Chltmnn, MethfedisUHoflpital, Mem- sfUd to be Diem Forces Push Fight Against Viet Rebels Hospital authorities today said he had been "hurt pretty 'jadiy, but isn't exactly critical." Hunter was reported uninjured. Officers said the Ford burned following the crush which occurred about 300 feet north of the A. C. Duclos residence neiir Grider. Mr. Ayres fnr.mcd in the Chelford community and hud a grocery store there, Truck Rolls Over A largo highway freight truck rolled onto iUi side at G a. in. yesterday on the Frisco crossing one- half mile north pf Holland. The accident happened when the driver pulled off U. S. Highway 61 and up the .steep incUne of the railroad crossing in attempt to shift the trailer cargo which was shiftnig forward. The truck was owned by the CcJJo produce Co. of Dallas, Tex. It was loaded with 15 Ions of processed beef enrou t« to Chicago. The driver, John Kirk, of Dallas, stated that the trailer first careened from the highway over the steep embankment and pulled the tractor with it. His ocmpanlon driver, S. D. Hudgens, also of DalJas, was asleep in a berth In the cab.' Kirk -had relieved Hudgens at 4:30 a. m. as driver. They suffered no injuries. See ACCIDENTS on PJIKC 3 Army's Cutback Views Rejected, 2 Officials Say Testimony of Rod ford/ Wilson af Hearing Made Public Today By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON W- Two top de fcn.se officials have told Congrcs Hint Army views were "fully con sidered" and rejected before Prci iclent Eisenhower decided to cu mi additional 75,000 men from the Army. Secretary of Defense Wilson and Adm. Arthur W. Rfidford, chair man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said they did not believe the addcc cutback would encourage strongci Red Chinese moves or would de clde tho outcome of a Korean-type war. The two officials testified bcfon closed session of » House An propitiations subcommittee inenrlj February. Their testimony was made public today. Before Klrtgway They appeared a few days before Gen, Matthew B. Ridgway, Army chief of staff, said he had chance to protest the. new. cutback the National . Security .Councl ( NSC) , the nation's top planning jonrd. Rlrifjwny snld the Army Was tolc with "little warning" last Dccem ber that it would be cut to 1,102,000 men, instead of the 1,173, 000 It had expected. This means a otal reduction of 148,000 from the original goals fixed in 1853. The Army, he said, had completed judgct based on the larger figure No Longer Necessary Wilson said tho additional 76,000 men to be eliminated rcpreaentet fl'vl!cuiiblwi. l .'. l ;JeU---iW_..ctti'l)cr, estimates, in case world condition^ deteriorated. "Last December," he testified "in making our final review of this budget, we decided that these situations (.Korea and Indochina) had changed to the point where this cushion was no longer necessary." Riidford said the additional ductlon actually conforms to the "new look" review made two years u KO and added: "I know of sudden decisions Unit were madt, without consultation with the Joint Chiefs of Staff. . . There were no decisions made that were a surpfse to me." A memorandum submitted by •Wilson to the .subcommittee said the, Army's views were "made fully known to the President and the members of the National Security Council." Wll.son and Rnd- ford lire members, but Ridgway Is not, Claim Jets Downed HONG KONG MV- Rod Chinese antiaircraft fire downed two of Gen. Chiang Kiil-shek's F84 Thun- tlerjct fighters and damaged another during raids last week on the mainland tinttt opposite Formosa, n Communist official of the New China News Agency said today. He referred to action over Kwangtung Province, SCOUTS Af CAMPORKK — These Boy Scouts arc a few of (he nearly 150 boys who were on hand in Cralghead forest over the weekend in a North Mississippi County District spring campore*. Scouts competed In various phases of Scoutcraft and camping. Saigon Quiet Broken By New Skirmishes By JOHN RODERICK SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) — Reassured of American support, Premier Ngo Dinh Diem struck anew today at the shrinking private army of his foes at home and at Chief of State Bao Dai, who is watching the Vietnamese turmoil from the French Riviera. Pour battalions of National armyfr-— -•- — — : troops stormed over three bridges lending* to areas of the Chinese suburb of Cho Lon where two battalions of the Blen Xuyen held out In civil warfare that flared last week. The government objective wns to mop up those men and permit five battalions which hnve deserted the Bfnh Xuyen, a commercial society which seeks to oust Diem, to switch to the army's side. A mortar barrage Umt shook the city heralded the attack after 48 hours of relative quiet. Headquarters Captured The government troops quickly captured the old headquarters of the Bien Xuyen commander. Gen. Le Van Vlen. Then they moved southwestward to the Nhi Thten Duong Bridge, two miles nwny, where n bitter battle was joined. Diem beat down ftn attempted coup at the weekend and launched R fresh offensive against Bao Dai. The premier' office announced a national assembly would meet here Wednesday to depose the absentee ox-emperor who tried unsuccessfully to oust Diem last week. Diem Issued the announcement after conferring with U.S. Gen. J. Lawton Collins, President Eisenhower's special envoy who returned by piano from Washington today. Shortly after the general's arrival, U.S. Charge d'Affaires Randolph Kldder lold newsmen at Uic airport American backing for tho anil-Communist premier still stands. Oni>onltloit Expected The French wore expected to oppono strongly any move to oust Bao Dal. They had reinstalled him Inside Today's Courier Hews . , . Indians Move into Flrtt Place on Pitching of Feller and Score . . . Hljlhevlllf Chiefs Win Third Striiijrht with 8-7 .Verdict Over Stanford . . . Baseball TV Jepordited by Minor League 9nlt . . . Sports . . . Page 8 and 9 ... . . . After C1O-AFL Merger Labor Will March in New Crusade . . . First of a Series . . . Pace 7 ... Scientific Facts About Salk Polio Vaccine . . . Pmge 12 ... us chief of state in 1049. Rarely a resident of the country since the end of World War II, the ex-ruler has been at his chateau on the French Riviera the past year. . Diem's offlqe said Bao Dal would be deposed by a "states general" assembly to be made up cf provincial councilors from South Viet Norn's 39 provinces. ... . ; The announcement said the assembly hnd been summoned by the Notional Revolutionary Committee namese leaders. The commlt^e* had bitterly denounced Bao, Dai Saturday as a French puppet and said he must be deposed. Dlom's office said the premier's cabinet and the national army bad approved the assembly call. The split between French hostility to Diem and the continued American backing for him wu underlined by the absence from the airport of Gen. Paul Ely, France's commissioner general., for Viet ' Worms Hit Grains, But Break in Weather Is Big Break for Farmers Good and bad reports — mainly good — loomed on the local farm front today. County Agent Keith Bilbrey said cultivation in Mississippi County's fields is right at its peak and called the fair, Warm weather "a tremendous break," for farmers. With continued good progress in fields, he estimated that most o the county will be planted by Frl day or Saturday. But the weather bureau In Little Rock today warned that North eiaL Arkansas /arm activity mny get a temporary setback this week. The official forecast saw partly cloudy weather for the area to- ilghl and tomorrow. Widely scattered thundorshowcre ind continued cloudiness are on tap or Wednesday, Uic bureau ported. I^o Important temperature changes were forecast. Remember '54 It was on May 2 last year that Jin weather took a sudden reversal md wreaked havic on the urea's ;rops. A cold rain, accompanied by low einperutures and several days of old wind killed and damaged Tiuch of the county's then-young otton. An "early spring" last year put lie farmers well ahead of their lormal schedule, until the unsea- ontible cold spell forced many to eplant. Soil preparation has presented some problems, he pointed out, elding that "It usually does." In heavier soils, It probably will take a rain to get the crop p, he said. Reporting on the unfavorable Ide of the farm picture, Bilbrey aid scattered reports of worm In- cstatlons In small grains have ontinued to reach him. Gordon Barnes, extension scr- Ice entomologist of the Univcr- ty of Arkansas, is coming to the ounty tomorrow, Bilbrey stated. Farmers wlio want Barnes to Ive their fields a check should Bilbrey tonight. As many lelds as possible will be visited y Barnes during hts stay here. Bilbrey said. ..H. Autry Named To State School Study Committee L. H. Autry, Burdctte supcrln- endcnt of schools "and veteran eglslator, has been named to a ommiltee set up to study Arknn- as education problems. The committee Is composed of 37 rominent Arkansans and will take close look at the state's educa- onal problems. Lee Roy Bcasley, El Dorado oil ompany executive and state omptroller under ex-Oov. Sid Me- Math, is chairman of the group. Crackdown On Drivers Is Still On Fifteen charges of traffic violations were heard in Municipal Court today as city and state officiate continued a crackdown on this area's motorists. The 15 included seven charges of running stop signs, six cases of speeding, one charge of driving while Intoxicated and one of improper passing. C. A. Rustin entered a plea of guilty to drivlnR while intoxicated and was fined $100 and costs and sentenced to 24 hours in jail. Kenneth Grimes. Lloyd Allbritton, Dnn McGruder, Jack Craig, A. T. Cabert, T. A. Owens and H. N. Swearengen Jr., all forfeited $5 bonds on charges of running stop signs. Speeding bonds of $19,75 were forfeited by Maggie Johnson, Archie lordon Jr., Bennie Lee Walden and Boyce Moore. Noble Wilson Shelton forfeited $15 for speeding and B. P. Butler gave up a $10 speeding bond. A. L. Collard entered a plea of guilty to improper passing and was 'fncct $15 and costs. Two charges of assault with deadly weapons also were heard In court. Cecil Sykes, Negro, pleaded guilty to ,he charge and was fined $50 and costs. Mayfield Thompson, also & Sfefrro, had his assault charge con- ,inued to Wednesday. Delbert Duncan, charged with abandonment, entered a plea or not guilty and was placed on $100 bond •tth the case continued till tomorrow. In Saturday's session, Jake Eaton forfeited $122.25 bond on a drunken driving charge, Joseph B. Roberts forfeited $19.75 speeding bond ind Lee Carter was fined $25 and costs for having improper brakes. Some Merchants To Get Holiday The Merchant's Division of the Chamber of Commerce has voted .1 favor of Wednesday afternoon closings for the summer months, according to the election commit- ,ee report. Ballots were sent out to 118 members at the division, with 41 returning votes In ravor of closing and 10 returning ballots against closing, the election oommlttM reported.