The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 30, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, April 30, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THB DOMINANT NEWSPAPER O» MOBTWeAgl ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 34 BlytheviUe courier Blytheville Dallj N«wi BlythrrtUe Herald MiulMippI Vtlle; LudK BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1955 EIGHT PAGES Except Sunday SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTi Salk Joins Study Of Polio Cases Representative Of Drug Firm Also Included By LEE GARRET! WASHINGTON (AP) — The developer and chief tester of the Salk polio vaccine worked with other medical experts today on a case-by-case study among the 29 children afflicted after receiving the shots. Technical representatives of the drug manufacturers making the vaccine were added today to the conference started yesterday by Public Health Service representatives and 11 outside experts on polio and immunology. These included Dr. Jonas E. Salic of Pittsburgh, who developed the vaceine. and Dr. Thomas Francis of the University of Michigan, who headed the team which evaluated results of widespread tests conducted last year. The Public Health Service, disclosing last night that it had called the experts for a two-day conference, said: "The consultants are reviewing the epidemiological and medical histories of polio cases who received the Cutter vaccine." The reference was to the vaccine supplied by Cutter Laboratories of Berkeley, Calif., which was withdrawn for further tests after a number of children inoculated with it were stricken by polio. Study Vaccine The experts here, like others working in California, were seeking to determine whether some possible imperfection in the vaccine supply, or mere coincidence, was responsible for the new cases. In Berkeley, Dr. Robert K. Cutter and other officials of the Cutter Laboratories said they feel they are using a basically air tight procedure for testing their vaccine. Present principles will be retained, they said, even though some changes may be made in procedure. • They joined in a news conference with Dr. Karl Habel and Dr. J. T. Tripp, U.S. Public Health Service officials who flew to California Wednesday to study the vaccine See SALK on Page 8 California Halts Vaccinations Delay Is Ordered Pending Decision on Safety of Serum By RENNIE TAYLOR Associated Press Science Reporter BERKELEY, Calif. LR—All polio vaccination halted officially in California today pending a final decision by U.S. Public Health au- thorties and virus experts as to the safety of the injection materials beinfr used. The decision was made by a special advisory committee to the State Board of Health last night as specialists .in Washington investigated the appearance of infantile paralysis among some vaccinated children. A halt in the immunization program for at least a week was decided upon. This will prevent several communities from going ahead with olnns to inoculate children with vaccine from drug houses other than Cutter Laboratories of Berkeley. Withdrawn The Cutler vaccine was withdrawn from use Wednesday after several children vaccinated with it en me down with infantile paralysis. There was no prohibition, however, against vaccine made by five other pharmaceutical firms. But the special committee's decision halts the use of these other vaccines also in California tem porarily at least. As of 5 p.m., yesterday the State Health Board had records of 3 children in California and one in Chicago who had developed pnlio after receiving vaccine made by Cutter. It also had reports of See POLIO on Page 8 Davey-y-y-Yf Dovey Crockett A Great-Grandson. Of The Great Davey Lives on Farm Here "There .vere 17 dead Mexicans stacked in the room of the Alamo where Davey Crockett's and Jim Bowie's bodies were found after the' battle," T. A. Crockett of near Blythe- viUe related yesterday. T. A.> Croekttt . . . Last of the Crocketts? Crockett lore is commonplace around the well-kept farm home of Blylheville's Mr. Crockett, and small wonder. He's the great- grandson of the fabulous DaVey Crockett, the legendary frontiersman who has rocketed to new fame through television and the nation's number one song, "Davey Crockett." And as far as Mr. Crockett knows, he's the only living direct descendant of the fabulous buckskin buccaneer. Other Claims Two other Inch, one about 40, claimed to be great-grandsons some years ago, but Mr. Crockett's records revealed they probably were too young. Mr. Crockett, who came to this area as a railroad man with the old Jonesboro nnd Lake City lines in 1903, Is a well-preserved pipe- Nationalists Cool Toward U.S. Plan of Token Support' By SPENCER MOOSA TAIPEI, Formosa (AP) — Chinese Nationalist officials reacted coldly, today to Washington report's the United States might establish a jet fighter base and a token force of Marines on Formosa. . ... The cool response apparently was because the projected move was linked with proposals for a cease fire in the Formosa Strait, which the Nationalists solidly oppose. A qualified Nationalist official said he preferred not to comment, but confided: "Had the move not been linked with a cense-flre, our reaction would have been one of unqualified endorsement." Nationalist comment continued 1,0 stress the reported^ Communist buildup near the offshore Matsu Islands. Mainland Shelled The Nationalist Navy Thursday shelled the nearby mainland. More than 100 shells were lobbed on to the Huangchl peninsula where two Communist ships had arrived with supplies and two roads rushed to completion by the Reds. Nationalist planes attacked shipping in the same area Wednesday. Latest reports of Red activities included three shells dropped on little Quemoy Island todny. with no damage reported to Nationalist installations on that small island in Amoy Harbor across the Strait from central Formosa. More Russian Gifts The Tatao News Agency, operated by the Interior Ministry, asserted that Soviet Russia turned over five destroyers and 10 landing craft to Red China April 2. Tatao attributes its Information to underground contacts In Manchuria. The Nationalist press continued to assail any idea of a cease-fire. City's Police Crack Down On Traffic Violators Yesterday the City Police launched an oil-out campaign to cut. domi on speednig and running stop signs and lights in the :lty. This morning in Municipal Court 19 motorists forfeited bonds of $6 each for running stop signs. Chief of Police John Poster said this morning the city police department is conducting a rigid co- mpaign to stop speeuing and run' Sen. Mansfield Says: Any Defense of Islands May be Left to Chiang By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) said today any defense of Quemoy and Matsu ' suds "may well become the sole responsibility of the Chinese Nationalists." Mansfield snid it was his understanding that Asst. Secretary of State Walter Robertson and Adm. Arthur W. Radford discussed with Chiang Kni-shek the question of the defense of those islands. He did not elaborate. Robertson and Hndford. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Witnesses Leave 'Survival City' Oft-Delayed Atom Tesr Is Now Set For Tomorrow art flying back lo Washington alter talks with Chiang and his top defense aides on Formosa. An administration official told newsmen the Formosa situation "was bound to come up" during a White House-meeting next Tuesday of President Elsenhower and congressional leaders, of both par- tics. Announced I'urposc The announced purpose of the conference is to discuss Eisenhow er's S'/z-biHion-dollar foreign aid request. Mansfield, a Senate Foreign Re lations committecman, said In an Interview that "any real cease- fire" in the Formosa Strait "would have to result i n all the off-shore islands going to Red China." He said a cease-fire line would have to be drawn through the Formosa Strait. More than 100 miles of open water separates Formosa, By HILL BECKKR SURVIVAL CITY, Nev. I*—The atomic test town remained unblemished today. The question was: Where did all the people go? With the much-postponed operation cue now set for 5:10 a.m. tomorrow, the numbe'r of Civil De- Chines( ; p coples . Republic, wlth- fense workers and invited observ- ou( (he N!lUon!11 | sUs prcSDnt ers had dwindled _fromji peak_of ft poss|bl( , cease . f , re Peiping radio suggested last Chiang's major base, and the Communist-controlled mainland. No Grounds for TalkK President Elsenhower has .said the United States would be will to, negotiate direct with the 1,500 to about GOO and the military participants from ",800 down to 1,800. Even Val Peterson, head of the night, in a broadcast heard Tokyo, that because the United States and Red China are not nt smoking 84. ''And I was the baby of my family," he points out, adding that it was 119 years ago next month thtit Davey nnd Jim Bowie met their deaths at the hands of Simla Ana's forces at the Alamo. "You know, nfter Davey became so popular in Tennessee, lie ran for the Congress mid was elected. "It was after he was elected, they tell me,, that ne bought a cloth suit and took off those skins he always wore. "He had to ride his horse from Tennessee to Philadelphia, .where the nearest rail line to Washington was located. "But while he was in Washington, a political machine back in Tennessee organized and beat him in the next election. Davey .said to heck with it nnd lit out for Texas. "He and Jim Bowie (the man who first made the Bowie knife) passed through Arkansas on their way to Texas." Born in Illinois Mr, Crockett says he doesn't remember any of Ills grandparents. His grandfather, Df, course, was Dnvey's son. Mr. Crocektt was born near Parts. 111., where the family moved when they left Tennessee. Later, Mr. Crockett's father look him to Pocahontas where they made their home for n while. But after a particularly hard winter, his father one day announced they were moving;. "We're going lo any place where it's warm," he said. They Joined n wagon train nnd pushed down into south Arkansas, but the father snid he hadn't seen anything that looked as good as Pocahontas, so back they went. Mr. Crockett first came lo tills area when he went to Caruthers- vllle around the turn of the century wilh Ihe railroad . And it was railroading which brought him lo Blylhevlllc in '03. Kept Davey's Rifle For nearly 55 years, Mr. Crock' elt had one of Davey's old flintlock rifles. Its barrels were Just nbout three feet long and he fired It many times. He recalls, the gun had quite a kick and few men chose to hunt with it. "But it would still fire," he said. See DAVEY CROCKETT on Page « Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS —Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and. Sunday. Not much change In temperature. Monday partly cloudy and warm. High today mid 80s; low tonight mid to high 50s. MISSOURI — Generally fair and warm this afternoon, tonight and Sunday; low tonight In 60s east to around 60 extreme west; high Sunday in 80s. Mnxtmum yesterday—83. Minimum this morning—55. Sunrise this morning—5:11. Sunset todny—fl:44. Mean temperature—fl9. Precipitation last 24 hours w 7 p. m. —None. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date-20.94. Thli Date Us! Year Maximum yesterday—80 Minimum thsl morning—64. PrectplMUoe J«nu»ry 1 lo 4«t«— ning stop signs especially near school zones. He said motorists who speed ana do not obey the traffic sinals and j signs near schools are endandger- ' ins the lives of the children as well as themselves. Chief Foster also stated that the city has purchased ,a new patrol car and motorcycle which will be delivered soon. This will increase the efficiency oi the department and will help cover more territory near schools and heavily traveled areas, he said. The chief also warned motorists to stop at red lights when turn- Ing right and that they must yield he right of way. He warned them not to turn right on stop lights that didn't have signs designating a right turn on red. The following motorists forfeited $6 bonds In Municipal Court this morning: Sammy Jace, Jasper Wood, Wilson Gorden, Billy Richardson, Roy Matthews, R. O. Blanchard, J. C. Brasfield, M. J. Cupples. H. C. Compton, Melvln Shields, Mrs. Lewis Garner, Dorothy Smith, Peggy Zachry, Otto Larsen, H. B. Richardson, P. C. Davis, Thomas Tale, Thomas Crawford, and Kenneth Grimes. Federal Civil Defense Administra-1 ; i]r '.. at nt „ there is .. no tion. said that if the shot didn t m , [o] . cer ,,, e . flre tldks b . twccn come off tomorrow, he would iiave to leave to attend a governors con- I vcntion In New York Many other high civil defense officials, several governors and congressmen also Quake Rocks Capital SANTIAGO, Chile 0?;—The Chilean capital was sha l :rn by a slight tremor today. No damage was rc- porMO. hit the road for home. Dust Storms The weathermen—and the Atomic Energy Commission claims It has some of the best—were guarded In their hopes. Something less j than a 50-50 chance was seen. Dust j storms swirled around the test j town yesterday. | The main problem continues to! be winds that might deposit radia- j tion fall out on communities like | Alamo (pop. about'1,000) and EI-) gin (pop. about 40—correct). Elgin has received 3.5 roentgens during the 1955 series, and the maximum radiation total for one year under AEC rules Is 3.9 roetgens. While 1 the reportorlal corps of news, radio and TV men was cut slightly, the majority plan to stay to see the blast go. After all, It Isn't every day you get to sec what the equivalent of 40,000 tons of TNT can do to a group of homes that' might come from any section of America. thern." The broadcast criticized Eisenhower's news conference statement and snid he "avoided reference to the crux of the question | Ie ^n]-M co'nc'ept," but""increases Committee Junks Ike's Road Plan Compromise with Gore's Program Gets Group's Okay By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON (If} — A Senate subcommittee has junked some key features of President Elsenhower's highway program In approving Its own five-year, 22-bllllon-dollar road modernization plan. The Senate Public Roads .subcommittee approved the bill (i-3 yesterday. Chairman Gore (U- Tenn- described it as a .compromise between legislation hi! introduced and the administration's recommendation for a 10-year fcderal- state-locai program to cost about 101 billion dollars. But Sen. Bush (R-Conn), a subcommittee member, termed the new bill "totally Inadequate." He pledged he would try to get the parent Public Works Committee to adopt. Instead, Elsenhower's "forward looking highway program." Gore soitl the full committee would consider the new highway measure next Thursday. He predicted Senate passage the (allowing week. Tile new bill retains the present of tensions" in the Formosa area. It referred to what it called the "occupation" of Formosa by U.S. troops. the federal corrmiilment nnd for interstate highways woUld boost the degree of federal participation from 60 to 75 per cent of the cost. Viet Assembly Fires Dia; Diem Takes Over Premier Ordered to Dissolve Cabinet and Form a New One SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) — An especially summoned Provisional Assembly fired Bao Dai today as South Viet Nam's Chief of- State. The Assembly, dubbed "the Revolutionary Democratic Forces of the Nation," also ordered Premier Ngo' Dinh Dicm's Cabinet disso ived, but called on him to form a new one. The Assembly, which had Cabinet bucking, met In Saigon's City Hnll and tore down Bao Dai's photograph from the wall nnd trampled on It. This apparently was Diem's answer to the the ex-Emperor's attempt to overthrow him. Bno Dai, now on the French Rivera, has. not been in Viet Nam for a year. Thursday he summoned Premier Diem lo the Riviera for consultations but Diem refused 'o HO. Ills Cabinet felt the trip would mean Diem would be dismissed as Premier. Victory Claimed This development in the tense South Viet Nam situation came as Diem's NtiUpnnll.st troups claimed a military victory over the rebel Binh Xuyen after two days of bloody civil war In the streets of Saigon and its adjoining suburb, Clio Lon. Gen. J. Lawton Collins, special representative of President Elsen- hower, was on his way buck to Viet Nam. The United States has said It stjll supports the Diem government. France and Britain were reported to have taken the view that Diem should be replaced. It- was not clear what legal authority the Assembly had to dismiss .Btto Dal as Chief of State. Bao Dai's authority stems from the agreement slijned In Purls In 19411 which gave Viet Nam its Independence ns a state within the French Union. New Government Eighteen small political parties and groups and persons sta the assembly, which pronounced Bao Dai deposed as of yesterday and the Diem government dissolved the sumo day.' It entrusted Diem with the formation of a new government with a threefold goal: "1. Repress the rebels and re-establish order and security. "2. Recover the total Independ once of the country and call for the withdrawal of the French expeditionary corps'from Viet Num. "3 .Urgently organize an elected National Assembly to turn over power to the people.". "We have the situation completely In hand both militarily and politically." a spokesman for the premier said. "For the moment the fllnh Xuyon threat has been removed. The population IH happy to be rid of them." The bloody slruBffle—which may prove only the opening round of n finish fight for control of the cap- ital—quieted last night after shattered remnants of the Binh Xuyen forces reeled across. the Chinese arroyo, a cannl separating Saigon proper from Chinese - populated Clio Lon, 500 Killed Military sources said more than 500 soldiers nnd civilians wore killed and an estimated 1.600 wounded in the battle with the society's 5,000 green-bcreted troops. Listed among the casualties was Everett "Dixie" Reese of Texas, director of the U.S. Aid Program's Photo Service. He was shot down while flying In a light plane over the Binh Xuyen area, but his exact * * * fate was still not known, Binh Xuyen commander Gen. Le Van Vlen reportedly called on Gen. Bacut o£ the Hon Hoa religious sect for aid. The Binh Xuyen, a society of ex-river pirates which formerly controlled police, gambling and vice in Saigon, is allied with the Hoa Hoa and Cao Dai religious sects In a united front to oust Diem. It seemed unlikely, however, that Bacut would risk an encounter .with the 10 hard-fighting Nationalist battalions now guarding Saigon. Diem today received a message of support from U.S.* Secretary of See VIET ASSEMBLY on Pace I * * * On Viet Nam Policies: Dulles Is Planning Talks with French By JOHN SCALI WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles today was reported planning to meet in Paris with top French leaders next weekend in a personal move to reconcile conflicting French-American policies toward revolt-lorn South Viet Nam. Dulles is to leave Friday for Paris lo attend a Western Big Three foreign ministers meeting and Atlantic Pact talks. He was reported Indochl ,cd ngrcca Illnn discus; agreeable to separate isions while in the French capital, French embassy official* reported Foreign Minister Antblne Pinny and probably Premier Edjtnr Faure wore anxious to meet with Dulles on the critical Indochina outlook to work out i Joint plan for restoring order. A French-American split was disclosed publicly yesterday when the State Department reaffirmed Its bucking for Viet Nnm's Premier Ngo Dinh Dlom. This cnmc only a few hours after France had pointedly declared the Indochlnesc leader was no longer equal to the task of governing. Wavering Slljhtly This policy conflict came to public view us Diem proclaimed a victory lor his loyal nrmy forces In the bloody two-day war against a French-supported rebel group known ns the Binh Xuyen. Korean Papers Says Eisenhower 'Naive' SEOUL (AP) — The semiofficial Korean Republic said today President Eisenhower has shown "surprising naivete" and said he 'seems to have gone too far m his quest of newspaper, subsidized by peace. The; the government of President Syng- mnn Rhee, criticized both Elsen- hower's willingness for cease-fire talks with Red China and his exchange of letters with Soviet De- fense'Minister Georgl Zhultov. "It almost appears as if preoccupation with the avoidance of war hnd affected his usually good Judgment," the newspaper said. "In the lust few days," It said, Elsenhower has "contradicted his own State Department, evoked sharp criticism from congressional circles and displayed surprising naivete about an exchange of let- ten with Marshal Zhultov." rrhe paper's reference to the State Department was to a statement Issued by Undersecretary of India Injects Self into Formosa Issue; Plans Talks with Red China Threatens Embargo PHILADELPHIA '/T't—SouU. Korean Ambassador Vou Chow Yang says his government will place a, "rigid embargo" on all trade to and from Japan the instant the Jnpan- r5fc govrrnmsnt.enters into any. r n1 i- lions with Communist North Ko- NEW DELHI, India Minister Nehru said today India proposed to take an active role toward solving the Formosa crisis. As a first step, Nehru told the Indian Parliament, his chief foreign policy adviser, V. K. Krishna Menon planned to make a trip to Peiping. Menon, who heads India's delegation to the U.N., has often represented Nehru in East-West negotiations. He served as unofficial mediator during U.N. efforts to end the Korean War and represented Nehru last summer at the 1 Geneva conference on Indochina and Korea. ' Nehru made the reference to Formosa after reviewing the Asian- African conference which wound up at "Jan-Jim-;, Indonesia, I as I Sunday. Ha ao4*l Ui»t Bandung WH tb« rime, scene of Chou's offer of direct talks with the United States on Formosa and said that If the Americans accepted it could lead to ;i peaceful solution of the dispute. President Elsenhower said ing to enter direct talks and the other parties concerned have alfio not been unaware of it. Nehru said he and Menon hnd discussed Formosa with Chou at this! Bandung: and that 'in the last few week the United States would be gjad to talk with the Chinese Communists about a Formosa cease- fire. Nehru said India's government has explored the Formosa situation through its envoys In London, Washington and Ottawa. He added "we Increasingly felt efforts were needed to bridge the gulf. We have the privilege and advantage of being friendly with hoth sides." Nehru said Menon was going to Pelplng: at Chou's request "in order to continue the Bandung talks." DLseasslng C" -w offer to negotiate. Nehru salu "we have known for MIM UOM ttftt China ww wtit- months we also gained some impressions" on American, British and Canadian reactions. Nehru prefaced Ma announcement of India's plan to take a hand in the Formosa situation by saying; "We feel and hope that patient and persistent endeavour may produce results, or at least show the way toward them. . . . We entertain no prejudices and do not feel ourselves barred in respect of any approach that will lead to peace." Among those who heard Nehru speak were American and Canadian diplomats, including the new U.S. ambassador, Cooper. John Sherman State Herbert Hoober Jr. on Saturday which ruled out any discussion with the Chinese Reds unless the Chinese Nationalists participated. Secretary of State Dulles returned from vacation and on Tuesday snid cease-fire talks could be carried on without the Nationalists but he personally would prefer talks through the United Natlon.s. President. Eisenhower, at his Wednesday press conference, said cease-fire talks v/ith the Reds would not "affect" the Nationalists and that the United Stales would not discuss Nationalist ntialrs behind their backs. He also said he approved the Dulles statement and that there might have been an "error In terminology" in the Slate Department position expressed Saturday by Hoover. The newspaper called Eisenhower's willingness to discuss a cease- fire without Nationalist China present as "sheer and amazing sophistry, considering that it is spoken by one ally about the vital interests of another." California Girl Is Seeking News on Father Linda Kifer of Orange Cove, California is looking for her uncle whose name Is Alton or Theodore Klfer. The 15-year-old girl wrote that her father's name was Mclvyn K.i- fer and she hasn't seen him since she was six years old. About six years ago her aunt received a newspaper clipping out ol the Courier News stating that, her father was dead. She asks that anyom knowing the whereabouts of her uncle or what might have happened to him to please write her In care of Qen- •ra-1 Delivery, Oraog* drove, Calif. Dulles and top U.S. officials were reported wavering slightly In their support of Diem, but nevertheless unwilling to switch backing to any new candidate on the grounds none had been suggested yet who would be as acceptable to anti-Commurilut Indochlneso .patriots. It was learned, however, .thai special ambassador J. Lawton Collins, who la flying baok to his post at Saigon, was instructed to try to convince Diem to broaden his government, If possible, .by bringing In rival religious groups, The role of Viet Nam's absent chief of state, Ex-Emperor Bao Dal, was assuming Increasing Importance in the behlnd-the-scenei Jockeying. Bao Dai was reported determined to oust Diem despite an American warning that this might 'cause U.S. aid to be cut off. . • The State Department left the way open for a possible decision to Ignore or sidetrack any such Bao Dal Intervention yesterday. At a news conference, Presa- Officer Henry Suydam declined to say whether the department continues to recognize him as the legal authority for naming Viet Nam's premier. Sen's. Mansfield (D-Mont) and Humphrey (D-MInn), members of the Sente Foreign Relations Committee, both called yesterday for support of Diem over Bao Dal, Farmers Told: Watch Fields * For Insects University of Arkansas College of Agriculture and the United States Department of Agriculture have Isused a report on Insect infestations In the state this week. It Includes the assembled report of Lloyd O. Warren, Survey Entomologist. The report on cereal and forage crop Insects showed that army worm infestations are light but general In all counties examined this week from Crawford east to Lee County and south to Chicot and Ashley counties. Numbers are light in most areas. Most of the larvae in these areai were small, Indicating that eggs laid by the moths since the cold weather are Just beginning to hatch. It Is too early to tell whether a general economic infestation can be expected or not but all farmers should be on the alert, the report said. Fields of grain should be exam* Ined frequently during the next two weeks lo detect any buildup of infestations, flights of adults have been heavy as shown by light trap collections In areas Including Osceola. Toxaphene at two pounds technical per acre still does an excellent Job of controlling worms, the report states. The report also states that variegated cutworm infestations are much lighter now than at thii same period last jtear. Some damaging infestations iri appearing in East Central Arkansas .and ns far west as Pulaskl County, Army worms are also present In some alfalfa fields. Cotton fields adjacent to or fol- should be treated tf< lowing cover crops watched . closely and damaging Infestation occur*, aphene dust or spray used «t the rate of two pounds per acre glvet good control, It

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