BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NIWSPAPIR OT NORTHKAS'l ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 38 Blythevillt Courier BlytiWYlUt Dill; Nm BljrthtTllle Rcnld l Valley Ltadtr BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 1955 TWENTY-SIX PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Adenauer, Pinay Discuss Saar Details B) GKORGE BOULTWOOD BONN, Germany (AP) — West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and French Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay sat down together today to work out details of the French- German pact on the industrial Saarland. If they fail to agree, West German rearmament could be delayed still more. * * * • Adenauer Plans Legislation For German Defense Action Is Expected Immediately After Pacts Effective By BRACK CURRY BONN, Germany (ff*—Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's government will submit military legislation for the new German defense force to the Cabinet immediately after, the Paris rearmament treaties are in effect next month. Heinrich von Brentano, f liamentary leader of Adenauer's Christian Democratic party, told a news conference today Parliament will hold the first readings of the bills before the summer recess starts July 15. By Early Fall He predicted action on .most of . the military bills will be completed by early fall. Von Brentano is expected to become foreign minister after West Germany wins sovereignty. A mass of legislation is required to implement the Paris treaties calling for the forma lion of a 500.000-man West German defense force in NATO. Answering a question, Von Brentano said a Soviet bid for West German leaders to visit Moscow to discuss ending the partition of Germany is "not unthinkable," . He voiced concern over what he called the growing feeling In the United Stales and Britain that West Germany might try to become an independent "third force 1 between East and West after winning sovereignty under the Paris treaties. No Doubt Exlsits "The goals of our foreign policy will be realized in collaboration with the other Allied Western nations," Von Brentano said. "No doubt exists that the present foreign policy of the West German Federal Republic will be continued after the Paris treaties are in effect. We will assume our proper obligations." . Von Brentano conceded tha t "some voices" in West Germany want to adopt an alternative foreign policy to the present one of close cooperation with the West. He said neutrality in the East- West struggle "is not suitable either for West Germany or a united Germany." "Perhaps the West eventually can reach a modus vivendi with the East." he said. "But it is absolutely unthinkable that any future political development might make NATO unnecessary." Autry Is Named To Head Group L. H. Autry of Burdette and a member of the state legislature has been named to the chairmanship of the Education Committee of the Arkansas Legislative Council. The appointment was made by Rep. Charles F. Smith of Crittenden County, speaker of the house in 1955 and council chairman. To head off demonstrations supporting Germany's claim to the border territory, Adenauer's government reinforced police in the capital and banned public processions. Pinay, arriving by special train from Paris early today, declared French-German understanding "is the key to the security of Western cooperation and of the world in peace." The 988-square-mile valley of the Saar River, a region of vast coal resources and a big coal and steel industry, was German before World War n. Politically autonomous since 1953, its economy has been linked closely to France's since the end of the w Under WEU As one of the Paris treaties to return sovereignty to West Germany and rearm her within the North Atlantic Alliance, West Germany and France agreed the Saar would be put under the seven-nation Western European Union until a final peace treaty is concluded with Germany. The French are to retain economic links and their customs union with the territory. Highly unpopular in West Germany, the Saar agreement was ratified by the Bonn Parliament by only a small majority. The French have insisted the details of the pact must be worked out before they will deposit their instruments ratifying West German sovereignty and rearmament in Bonn, Brussels and Washington. Major Points Until all the treaty signatories give that formal diplomatic notice that the .pacts are in effect, he occu pation cannot be ended and rearmament cannot commence. Adenauer and Pinay must settle four major points: 1. The details of future German trade with the Saar. The Germans want more than they've been getting. 2. The identity of th high commissioner who will be the final authority in the territory, represent- .ng the WEU. 3. The date for the Saarlanders to vote on their new "European' 1 status. The Paris agreement gives them the right to approve or reject it. 4. The future ownership of the huge Roechling steel plant in the Saar. FINAL NIGHT FOR BUS DRAMA — Tonight at 7:45 the curtain goes up on the final performance of Blytheville High School'.-- Masque and Gavel Club's spring presentation, 'Our Town," Thornton wilder's Pulitzer prize-winning play. In the above scene. Danny Cobb, who nas Uie unique stage mnnaBer-nnri'ator role, is pictured wllh E. F Still, Jr., and Peggy Taylor, who share lending roles with Mr. Cobb. (Courier News IMioto) Rise In. Post-Inoculation. Polio Said Not Unusual By LEE GARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) -^ California's postinoculation outbreak of polio stood at 12 case today, raising to 17 the number of treated U. S children known to have contracted the di sease. But Surgeon General Leonard Scheele, who heads the U. S. Public Health Service, reit jrated his confidence in the Salk polio vaccine and added: "There is nothing unusual about .he polio picture across'the nation. It follows very closely to the five- year mediali." Without reference to Ihe vaccine, the health service said it had reports of 106 new polio cases in 47 states hist week, compared with 117 for the nation in the comparable week last year. Such reports ore made weekly, .; In a special tabulation, the service listed U cases in which children who had received their first City Teachers Form Political Action Unit Blythevilie's public school teachers yesterday laid the groundwork for active campaigning on various political "ronts. At a Blytheville Education Association meeting yes- .erday, the group elected officers and drew up a tentative course of action. J. P. Sweat, high school dlstri-^.- '- butive education Midland Gets BAFB Contract LITTLE ROCK — Midland Constructors, Inc. o[ Chicago, 111. yesterday submitted the apparent ow bid of $271,540.85 for construc- ,ion of three squadron headquarters-supply buildings at the Blytheville Air Force Base. The U. S. Engineers oEttce here said the second apparent low bid of 8281,904.80 was submitted by the Townsend Construction Co. of Conway, Ark. The government estimate was $294,784.25 To Probe Crash MAHA, Okinawa iff)— An Air Force inquiry seeks to learn why a B29 bamber crashed into a 600- foot hill while being guided by radio in a landing approach through an overcast yesterday. Ten crewmen aboard the four-engined bomber were killed. All names were withheld. instructor, was named president of the group. He said the faction will interest itself in any elections which might have an influence on education. This excludes, he pointed out, school board elections. \ No Dissatisfaction "It in no way is an expression of dissatisfaction with our representatives in the General Assembly," he stated, saying the county delegation has a record of being friendly to school legislative proposals. In a resolution, adopted by the 175-member group, it is stated the organization could "no longer refuse to recognize (.he force of politics in shaping the welfare of the public schools." In a letter to one of the teachers, Gov. Orbal Faubus said apathy on the part of teachers was in some measure responsible for the failure of the last Legislature to do anything in connection with providing schools additional funds. AEA Action Asked The resolution, urging the Arkansas Education Association to adopt a similar state-wide plan, being considered by the AEA board. For Eight Days and Nights, 'Water We// at Tomato Burns Brightly Jf a discovery of last week holds out, the area around the Tomato Community may ^oon present a scene not unlike the California gold rush of the 1840's. Cause of spreading interest in the area took place eight days ago — last Friday at 9 a.m., to be precise. • • -• — -•• near the area. Mr. Elam, who farms 500 acres about one mile southwest of To- Inside Today's * Conner News . . . Hocft Csirrifis Hot Tigers to 5-Gaoie Win Slrcalt . . . Nine Missco Schools in District 3 Track Meets Toilny . . . Sjiovls .' . . Pages 10 and 11... . . . Arc "U.N. Agencies Hltie- ouls for Kcds? . . . Page 5... Russians Fear Two Things: AU- Oul War, All-Out Peace . . . Pase 2. . . shot of the vaccine had contracte polio, but the Calif orniii Slat Hen 1th Department recorded si additional cases on which report- had not yet reached Washington Most Took Shuts The total thus included 12 1 California, two in Idaho includln one fatality, and one each in CK cago, Denver and Columbus, Ga All except the Georgia child ha received Inoculations with vaccin prepared by the Cutter Laborn torics of Berkeley, Calif. All un used supplies issued 'ay that cqmp a'ny'ha'vc'been withdrawn. A "very. exhaustive investlgii tion" is now under way to detei mine whether the Cutter vnccln was in any way at fnult, or wheth er all of the affected youngster had contracted the disease bcfor receiving 1 Ihe shots. Most slckenci less than u week after the shots although polio normally lakes 1 to 14 days to develop after ex posure. The Investigation Involves labor atory tests among other tilings and there was no indication hov soon conclusive results might bi available. In Gcovgin a 6-ymir-olil boy ile velopcd bulbar polio four day: after he received a shot of vncclni prepared by EH Lilly & Co. o Indianapolis. Dr. J. W. Murphy of the Georgia State Health Department said Sec POLIO on I'liKc 14 It was then that Elmer Elam put down an ordinary water well on his farm. When he had pipe down 19 feet, the well began bubbling and spewing. He tossed a match into the pine and it whooshed up in flames, blowing 40 feet high, Mr. Elam reports. Since then the well has been burning constantly with a flame about six to 10 feet high. The well apparently struck into the middle of a natural gas pocket, size or extent of which no one knows. No Pl[>clines Officials of Arkansas - Missouri Power Company contacted this morning could give no explanation of the phenomenon. They said a quick survey of their lines indicated there were no gas pipes anywhere mato on what is known as Island 25 for the owner of the property, Alvin Wunderlich of Memphis, said he was putting down the well in one of his cotton fields to get water for geese. He has been farming the area for eight years, and said this is the first time he's seen anything like this. Not the First However, he said, this Is not the first indication of gas In the area. There are stories told by old timers around Tomato, he said, relat- similar occurrence some 25 ago at the old Methodist ing a years Church at Tomato. Though it is paid that the well put down then would flame up only when lighted, and would not continue to burn M has thi* oat. Mr. Elam also told of an old lake about one mile from his place which had one spot that would never freeze over in the winter, though the rest of the wooded lake would. "That spot just kept bubbling all the time," he said, "and you could throw a match on it and it would name up, but it wouldn't last." Not Optimistic "I'm not too optimistic about this thing," Mr. Elam said. "But some of the folks around here are." He said he had not made any eflort to cap thfi well, for fear it will burst his pipe, and he hasn't said anything about It to the owner of the land, Mr. Wunderlich. He said if it continues, he plans to put a filter on the well and pipe it to his house where he burns propane. The well also has some water in It, which bubbles out In small amount* from time to time. ... G*i Wall at Tomato? . Nationalists' Ships Shell China Coast Artillery Posts Near Matsu Islands Blasted by Navy By SPENCER MOOSA TAIPEI, Formosa (AP) — Chinese Nationalist warships have shelled the Chinese mainland near the Matsu Islands and destroyed a considerable number of artillery positions, navy .icadqiiarters claimed today. The navy said the warships — number and nature not disclosed — poured more than 100 shells into artillery positions in the vicinity of the Huangchi peninsula, 10 miles north of the main island of Matsu on Thursday. It said all ships hit their targets, started fires and returned safely. The shelling: was preceded. by+- atlntks on Communist crntl nen liiiiingcht on both Wednesdoj 'iind Thursday, the navy said. Targets of the shelling include, docks at Huangchi where the Red hud been reported unloading sup plies presumably for use agalns the Mntsus. Midst of •ffncerUlnty The town of Huangchi is five miles from the nearest MtiUu, The commuhtquc said Thursday's op onitlon was directed by Capl. Lli Pch-kal.' The navys announcement caim In the midst of uncertainty RIM fear hanging over this Natlonalts capital — fear that U. S.-Red Chin talks would do this governmen no good. The official policy is to say noth ing just now. Despite t'hls reticence signs worry find expression. The Kung Um Pao, a paper pub lishcd by Formosnn interests, sa' today Red China is baiting a trap for the United States and that tru United States might fall for I. United States might fall for it, No Turn Policy "The United States will abandoi its stnnd for Justice If it talks wit! a regime condemned as an aggres sor by the/United Nations, th paper said. H said Nationalls China would not be bound by any cense-flre agreement, Hu Chill-yuan, n membcT"6r th< Legislative Yuan (Parliament) complained In the second of a series of newspaper articles that "the United Stales has no firm pollcj against Moscow's long-range plan, to oust American Influence Iron Europe and Asia. The first nlm of the Chinese Reds, he said, is to obtain the offshore Islands of Qucmoy and Matsu without a fight. Wound Fatal To Farmer Of Double Bridges Funeral services for Tom E. Lorren, 50, ol Double Bridges community will be held in the German Funeral Home In Steele tomorrow afternoon at 3:00. Lorren died In Methodist Hospital in Memphis yesterday afternoon 12 minutes after being admitted. The Double Bridges farmer had walked In his home two hours earlier at about 10:30 to get a shotgun Lo kill a dog that was after his geese. He stumbled and accldently kicked the weapon which was propped agnlsnt the wall and the ;un discharged In hi.s stomach. Neighbors heard the shot and irsttioned help. Lorrens was rushed to a Luxora clinic where he eecivod emergency treatment. He vas Ihcn rushed to Memphis where ie died shortly after arriving. Survivors include his wife, Mrs. Mina Lorren; three daughters, Mary Ella. Cora Jane and Sarah 'ranees: two brothers, John, Maill.-i and Bill of Rives, Mo.; six Istnrs. Mrs. Ellen Hopkins, Cedar 'own. Oa.. Mrs. Rosle Mulling, Vlndmont, Ala., Mrs. Mary Wa- dcll. Oadstlen, Ala., Mrs. Lulla Ilndman, Cider Town, On., Mrs. Ml Ella Cain, Jacksonville, Fla., iid Mrs. Stella Foster. Florida. Burial will be In Mount Zlon Cemetery In Stcclc. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Party cloudy this afternoon, tonight nd tomorrow, not much change in empcralure. Sunday partly cloudy .nd mild. Somewhat cooler Monlay. High this nlternoon mid 80s, ow tonight near 60s. MISSOURI — Fair this afternoon md tonight; warmer west and lorlh; Saturday generally fair, windy and warmer; low tonight ilddle 50s; high Saturday in the Os. Maximum yeRtcrddy- 82, Minimum tills mornlnK—fll. Sunrlnc 111 In morning—5:12. Sunset today—fl:43. Mean temperature—71,5. iTcnlplUtloii liiflt 24 bourn to 7 p. m Norio. I'rtcIpltftUon Jnn. 1 to date—20,M. Thi* Dale I,ait Year Maximum yealerdfiy—HO. Minimum this morning—*, I* reel pi tut Ion Jununry 1 to (Ut« — 7.47. I DiemCiaimsVictory In Viet Nam War By JOHN RODERICK SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) — Premier Ngo Dinh Diem claimed victory today in his 24-hour-old civil war with the Binh Xuycn society and flatly refused to obey chief of state Bao Dai's order that he leave for France at once. Scattered fighting continued.* '. .. meanwhile, along the roads be tween Saigon and its Chinese su burb of Cho Lon. One clash was reported only four blocks, (rom the U.S. Embassy. A spokesman at the Premiers palace said Dlenis Cabinet sup ported him unanimously In his re fusal to comply with Bao Dais or dcr, telegraphed yesterday after the fighting broke out betweei the army and the private army of the rebellious polltlcal-cconomli society. Bao Dal had ordered Diem to report to him In Cannes, Franco for consultations before next Tues day. The order was Interpreted op only here as «. move to oust the nationalist premier^ 1,600 Casualties (In Pa rl-5, tho French News Agency reported in a dispatcli from Sfllgon that the dead and wounded — both civilian and mill tary — In the fighting that broke out yesterday totaled 1,000.) The Premier issued nis victory statement as the national army announced its .shock troops had rirlv on Binh Xuyon forces from the Van Cam Theater, the last majoi rebel stronghold guarding the approaches to the societys headquarters outside Cho Lon. Diem appealed to the free world for aid In maintaining South Viet Nnrns Independence. The withdrawing rebel forces blew up a bridge across the Chinese Arroyo — a canal between Sntgon proper and Cho Lon—and then spread out along the banks of the arroyo. The rebel headquarters wna reported In flames from army artillery. Small fights raged in various sections. Extra Marines were posted at the American Embassy. Occupied Post* By noon today, tho army said it nad occupied or neutralized all important Binh Xuyon posts on the government side of the arroyo and the Saigon River. The army See VIET NAM on Pajre H * * -Y- Collins Hurries Back to Viet Nam WASHINGTON Iffl — Special Am- mssador J. Lawton Collins hurried jack today to his post In South Viet Nam where a civil war be- .wcen government and rebel forces s raging. He wound up a week of urgent evlew of the Vietnamese outlook with a farewell conference with Secretary of State Dulles late yes- erday. As he left by plane, Collins was understood to be under Instructions continue supporting the government of Premier Ngo Diem, which a locked In a bloody battle with he rebel Binh Xuyen society. Fighting broke out while Collins was In Washington reporting on ircssurcs which already were icavy against Diem. The State Department was understood to be hoping that the ihootlng would end quickly, lest It ilunge South Viet Nam Into chaos. Chief Justice Griffin Smith Dies of Attack State Supreme Court Magistrate' Stricken At Church Meeting EL DORADO, Ark, April M til r-Qrlf[in Smith,.,.chlel justlc* -» x Arkansas, died early this morning, about six hours 'after -he suffered a heart attack; He was 70. Smith collapsed last night while speaking at First Christian Church here. Others on the platform caught the chief justice before be fell to the floor. En route Ho Warner Brown Hospital here, where he was placed In an oxygen tent, Smith regained consciousness. At Ihe hospital hli. condition first was described as 'fair" and an attending physician said he was "resting well." Then, about 1 a.m., the hospital said his condition was critical. He died about 1:45 a.m. Smith became chief justice In 1D3G when he defeated the lat« C. E. Johnson of Ashdown, Ark. Johnson died last week. Before he .became chle? Justice, Smith was state comptroller under former Oov. J. Marion Pu- trell. He formerly edited the Paragould (Ark.) Dally Press and the weekly Sollphone at Paragould. Smith received his law degree from Cumberland University at Lebanon, Tenn. Smith .was born at Laurel.Hill, Tenn., about 65 miles east of Nashville. He learned the newspaper business at Cookeville, Tenn., where his family moved after nig 'ather died. As correspondent for The Associated Press, Smith reported 11 feud killings In DeKalb County, Tenn. j When he was 26 he married Miss Amelia Daggett of Marlanna. In 1011, they moved to Bonham, Tex., where he worked as a linotype operator. A short time later he bought one-half interest In the Paragould Daily Press and weekly Sollphone and they moved to Arkansas. He later acquired full ownership. Led to Fight* As a newspaper editor, Smith requently criticized public officials for loose or illegal use of public funds. The habit led to "Ights with fists, shovels and guns. He once calmed an irate public official, who was charging with a .wo-by-four club, by shooting him .hrough the calf of the leg. During World War I Smith reported from the front line trenches n Prance. His dispatches were :arrled by his Paragould papers, he Arkansas Gazette at Little Rock, the Commercial Appeal at Sec SMITH on Page 14 Dog Owners: City's Catchers Go to Work in Earnest Monday Blythevllle's two dog catchers, Laura Pugh and Bctte Ledbcttcr, will lay off until Monday when he dog vaccination campaign will : concluded. Hired by the city last Monday, he women dog catchers have cord about 20 victims and taken hem to the dog pound. The pooches may be balled out f the pound by their owners pay- ng tho city $1 tor capturing them, he dogs' board at the pound, $1 or t city tag and 11.50 (or the 'Bcclnatlon fee. Today do»i coo b* vwclnat«d »t Porsythe's Grocery Store on Late Street and at Harrison High School tomorrow. Tomorrow Is. (he l»st day (or dogi lo be vaccinated, (or the $1.50 let. Then, all dogs that haven't been vaccinated and don't have city tag* will be picked up by the dog catchers. The owners will have 48 hours to ball out the pooches, after which time they will be exterminated. Doctors David M. Miles »nd N. 0, Jerome arc conducting the clinic, which Is being sponsored by thi Blythevlllt Junior Chamber of Com- mere*.
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