The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on November 1, 1972 · 24
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 24

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 1, 1972
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24 . Boston Evening Globe Wednesday, November 1, 1972 X WOMEN IN BUSINESS Margaret Hamilton Lickly Putting 'Eagle' on course By Alan H.Sheehan, Globe Staff ' . As the Apollo 11 lunar module "Eagle" neared the surface of the moon, the voice of Commander Neil A. Armstrong suddenly shattered radio silence with an alarming message: "There's a 1201 abort, there's a 1202 abort . . ." , I Television commentators pounced on the urgent Communication, quickly concluding that the problem was an on-board computer malfunction. Millions of Americans awaited an answer. Was the long journey to end without a historic landing on the moon? r v . ;: Perhaps no group of people had a keener interest in the perplexing development than a gathering of scientists and computer experts at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory in Cambridge, where the- Apollo 11 's computer system was hatched. , . Among the group in the MIT SCAMA room the Draper Lab was affiliated with MIT at the time was I Margaret Hamilton, a mathematics whiz and the head of a 100-member team which assembled and tested the t hardware (computer equipment) and software (pro-; gramming) for the flight. .Hamilton, Mrs. Dan Lickly, now an assistant director of the Draper Lab and its director of program development and verification, recalled those fateful moments on July 20, 1969: . "There was a decision, and it had to be made at Houston (Mission Control) ... because they" (the astronauts) still had a chance to abort . . . make the rendezvous and go home. The decision had to be made just like that go or no go and they decided to go . . . what a relief when it landed." ' However, the near perfect landing didn't solve the computer problem and Hamilton's team had to find a solution before the "Eagle" began its ascent from the moon's surface. Mrs. Lickly and her group were aware that the com- I I If- W, ' i " MARGARET HAMILTON ner. (Globe photo by Bob Amex mulling By John Dorf man Associate'1.. Press i NEW YORK The presi- dent of the American Stock Exchange today con- ;Sonesta plans tender offer f CAMBRIDGE Sones-1 a - International . Hotels Corp. today . announced that it intends to make a i tender offer in the near fu- ;ture for up - to 100,000 I shares of its common stock at a price or $7.25 per share.' The company will -reserve the right to purchase, additional shares if more than 100,000 are ten-dereti, and all shares acf ;cepted will be on a rata-., basis. ," ; . ' !l The company also an- Jiounced its plan to invite 'tenders of all preferred shares owned by those of its preferred stockholders who owns 50 shares or less pf its five percent cumulative preferred stocks as of .'record date to be fixed. ,The purchase price of the preferred shares will be ;:$17 per share, Dtfinitive terms and in-I'Btructions will , be an nounced and mailed to all common shareholders' of record and to all preferred shareholders owing of record 50 shares or less in the future. LICKLEY Backoff) ; Apollo plan- firmed rumors that the exchange is considering cuts of 5 percent or more in personnel because of low trading volume. Paul Kolton, the Amex president, said a 5 percent cut "is what we're looking for : now," but added, "there are contingency plans that could go deeper if volume doesn't pick up." Trading volume on the exchange has often . been below 3 million shares a day in recent months, and almost always, below 4 million shares. By contrast, the average daily volume for the entire year is 4.5 million shares. . Caution about putting money in stocks has been widespread recently among small investors, many of whom were hurt in the decline of 1969 and 1970. Kostoirs Money Managers Last summer The Globe published a series of articles entitled "Boston's Money Managers." It gave the names and numbers for the first time of the persons who handle investments worth 581 billion. Reprints of this series are now available. Individual copies may be obtained for 23 cents. Make checks payable to The Boston Globe and send request to: Boston's Money Managers, Public Service DepU The Boston Globe, ' Boston, Mass. 02107 puter had not, in fact, malfunctioned, but was sending out the alarms because it was momentarily overloaded by being asked to do too much in the time allotted to it. It took a few hours but finally an MIT hardware expert determined that the computer alarm was set off by human error the rendezvous radar switch was in the wrong position. .. During that tense period, Margaret might well have asked herself: "What am I doing here?" It's unlikely that she did because she knew exactly what she was doing there. " ' - But, if she had . . . Margaret Hamilton, a fragile-looking and soft-spoken woman, became involved in computer programming as an assistant to an MIT professor who did meteorological predictions and long-range weather forecasting. . . ' i .. She remained at MIT for more than a year and left to work as a programmer in Philco-Ford's SAGE project, a radar defense system for the US Air Force. In 1965, she learned of the Apollo program. "The fact that it was Apollo, a moon program, was very exciting. I wanted to be involved."' She was assigned to a small group which was preparing hardware and software for unmanned flights. It was to be the first time the equipment was to be used. Involved with systems, software, programming and, debugging, Margaret Hamilton the project's first female programmer, said she began "to understand the big picture after she became acquainted with the different, areas." ' - . As the Apollo program expanded so too did the staffs involved in the computer work of the project grow. Its enlargement meant more responsibility for her and a larger role in the lab's future. . At the height of the program, her groups she was by now in charge of both hardware and software sections werO writing the programs for both the command module and the lunar module. ;' Her staff is now preparing for Apollo 17 on Dec. 6 which will be the last of the scheduled Apollo missions. , Besides the space program, Margaret Hamilton's team is involved in several other diversified fields, such as biomedical research, studies on air traffic control and a data management system for the Department of Transportation. .. - - ; Unlike many other women in business, she said: "I ; can't point to a place 'where it hurts to be a female. I've encountered no discrimination at all. I suppose I was f or-itunate that my superiors were liberal enough not to let it ' bother them." ' . Ironically, it wasn't until the women's liberation movement began to mushroom that she detected some , changes in attitude. "It was just that some people kiddingly commented that 'we've had one here all the time.' " . '.'' Asked what part of her administrative duties she thought were the most difficult, she replied that "layoffs are a problem. That's the toughest." ' -. V She is convinced that a woman could go higher in , the industry but that "I like the position I'm in because I ' enjoy working with people. I'd also miss getting involved technically." .-'''., 1 . Despite her busy schedule, she finds as much time to spend with her daughter, Lauren, 13, the product of her first marriage which ended in 1967. She and Dan Lickly (pronounced likely), who was a ' director of guidance programs at Draper, 'married two .-years later. Lickly left DraDer before Annlln 11 tn fnrm a company Intermetrics with four others. The Licklys recently bought a Victorian house in Inman st., Cambridge, which they are restoring. Their other interests include climbing mountains in New Hampshire, rock hunting and antique salvaging. What is her feeling about the juggling of a career andmarriage? v .; , "Having a career has made the marriage better, but busier. I have my own interests which give me more to share, more to talk about. You find that you appreciate your time more." -:- ,' Some of this philosophy has rubbed off on 13-year-old Lauren Hamilton, a student at the Peabody School in Cambridge whose own interests include art and participation in the Boston Children's Theater. - "My daughter is more of a female liberationist than I am," laughed Hamilton, "she believes that a woman should work and fulfill herself. 5 statf This reluctance has particularly hurt the Amex since, according to an exchange spokesman, it is the nation's only stock exchange dealing mainly in individuals' transactions. ' According to the spokes- , man, only 30 percent of trading volume on the Amex involves large institutions such as mutual funds, banks or .insurance , companies. The comparable figure' at . the' New York Stock Exchange is 75 percent and at some regional exchanges is even higher, he said. Kolton said the Ameri-can Exchange is consider- " ing a plan to woo small investors back into the market, but said he could not : discuss the details at this time. Another exchange official i said the plan was in essence "a broad-based phil- cut osophical . approach" designed to "rebuild investor confidence in the market. He cited the Amex's recent naming of a new board of .governors, including 10 public members among the 20 total members, as a part of this approach. The Amex currently employs 650 people. While Kolton spoke of a five percent cut, other inside Treasurer quits Aerovox Corp. NEW BEDFORD Aer-ovox Corp. today announced that James F. Pablo, vice president of finance and treasurer of both Aerovox and its 84 percent owned subsidiary, AVX Ceramics Corp. (OTC), has resigned to accept a similar position with Providence Pile. Fabric Corp. A privately held firm located in Fall River. Bank stocks Bid Asked -Today Prev.- Bank AM ' ' 50i . SI 50 J4 Baystate Con 38 3814 37 1. Boston Co B . etiVi 26 Vi Capital B&T , 6 6 V. 6 City Bk & Tr ' 24 , 26 24 First Boston Co - 2834 28' 27 Framingham Tr 36 36 Franklin Nat .'3114 3Hi 31 Vt Guaranty B&T 33 '.i 35 33 Vt Girard Trust . 54 V 55' 64'i Hancock B&T s ,28 30 28 Harbor NsH . . . 17 19 17 Manchester Co i , 56 58 NatCKyCleve ! , 69 694 69 ' N E Merchants Co 23 23 23 PNBCorp ...,50'4 50 80 V RIHTCp eHVt 67 65 SccPacB 34' . 344 34' Shawmut Assn 513 52V4 51',i Shore Bank 29V4 30'i 29i . State St Bos . 463,i 47 V , 46'i US Trust NY ' - S9V 60 59V4 Wore Bancorp 24 25 Vt 24 Now about thole dunce caps TRAFFIC CONES Continued' from Page 1 are about a " half -million cones in use in the Bay State. "And that's a conservative estimate," he said. "People use thenf for all sorts of .things. I've even heard that some kids saw off the bottoms and use the cones as megaphones at football games." For the record, the traffic cones were invented by Charles Terry, president of Interstate Rubber Products in Los Angeles. "Back in the forties, they used to put wooden stakes in the road to form a protective barrier," said Carl Petty, the firm's general sales manager. "At least, that's the technique they used on the West Coast. Cars used to knock the stakes oyer, and quite a few cars were damaged, as a result. Flat tires, things of that sort. "One day, Charles Terry noticed that some highway workers had: taken the inner lining from a rubber ' tube tire, and twisted it into a cone-shaped affair. These twisted inner linings were being used to protect highway workers from the traffic. And they worked. "So Charles decided to try making rubber cones. He made a few, then asked L. A. officials if they were interested in using them. The city fathers laughed at him. They said his rubber cones they were yellow . then were ridiculous. "Finally, Charles gave the city 500 of them free of charge, and asked engineers to try them out. A few wee'ks later, the city fathers were back asking for more. They said the cones were great. And that-was the start of our traffic cone business. . Later, one of our best men, C. R.,Fitz-simmons, moved east to New Jersey, and : intro-; duced the cones in that part of the country. They've been , selling like hotcakes ever since," . According 'to Petty, the py mm9 mww 1,3 !B r sz? bw . m It's the time of the year to have the time of your life in FreeportLucaya. The summer crowds have gone. The winter rush hasn't begun. ' . It's November, the most beautiful month of the year in FreeportLucaya.; The summer sun still shines brightly on miles and miles of . glistening white uncrowded beaches.. The ocean is soft and warm and so clean and clear you can see the colorful coral fathoms below. ,...' There's no waiting to tee-off on any of the six velvety smooth championship golf courses. Or to start volleying on scores of tournament-class tennis courts. And the big game fish are jumpin' in the Gulf Stream. v . Unst-of all, low summer rates are still in effect at all the luxury hotels, and there are a number of GRAND . I ii vrm s w. u iisak 1 W k oct::: J f --t '.ft I & iiiiiii i; h , - h I ' J j V TOP ORANGE CONE SALESMAN, JOSEPH ' BARRY (Edison Farrand photo) ' , ' i '- cones are also used inside buildings , to "designate . walkways" ' "Some football . teams use them in strategy sessions he said. "Each cone is an opposing player, when the coach is diagraming an offensive play. Baseball buffs put balls on top of them, and practice hitting line drives by swinging . : at them with bats. They are also used in driver education programs, and even to mark the course in sports car races." When the cones first appeared, motorists kept clear of them because they looked like they were made of steel, or cement. . Fortunately, the cones cause little damage to cars," said Charles Martell, a highway engineer for the City of Boston. "They are made of rubber or plastic, ' and seldom cause serious damage. Also, they are, easy to spot. Those old-fashioned -wooden horses used to cause a great deal of damage when they were , hit by a vehicle. The traf- . fic cones are a great improvement." liitttL" BAHAMA ISLAND .. . r . The world's most awesome ; display of orange plastic cones can be found ; every weekday morning protecting thosei wrong way buses from Quincy to Boston on the Southeast Expressway. "There's nothing else in the world like it," declared Sherm Eidelman, mainte- , nance engineer for - the State i Public Works Department. 'In some other cities, they got orange cones for a mile or so. But that Quincy to Boston stretch is seven miles. It's the longest orange cone barrier in the world today." According to Eidelman, there are 462 cones in the , orange spectacular. "It averages out to about one every 80 feet," he said. "Figure it out yourself. That, works out to 426 cones." -,- - Every day," two public works crew hit the . expressway at 6 a.m. One crew starts close to, and the other hits the ' trail at Neponset Cir-cle-iThese are the-men who-put ; dowh those , orange conesi 80 feet apart; Natu- . . . preseason all-inclusive travel plans, your travel : agen t will tell you about. : , Everything else though, is just the same as in -i the high season. There are lavish European revues ' " in both El Casino and the Monte Carlo casino..-Er- Morocco and Le Gourmet and all the other famous -restaurants and clubs are open. The fabulous Inter- , national Bazaar has beautiful new things from all over tne world and there are two distinguished new hotels the Xanadu Princess and the magnificent Princess International. , Come for a weekend in November. Then come back in December. Or any month. Holidays in FreeportLucaya can be habit-forming. 2' hours from New York or Chicago. Minutes from Miami. ' r- t FreeportLucaya-Tourist and Convention Board . I Box 4843 I Miami Lakes Station I Hialeah, Florida 33014 Dept. BG 1 . ' I I I I I Please tell me more about how I can have a wonderful fall holiday in FreeportLucaya. I NAME I ADDRESS. CITY. OF SOMERVILLE rally, they travel the right way down the Expressway ' while doing it. It should also be noted that the Public Works Department owes a debt of gratitude to some motorist . who will probably remain anonymous forever. Said Eidelman: "Suction from the big trucks kept knocking the cones over. This motorist called and told us we should cut the tops off, and make the hole wider. He Said it would lower the center of gravi- , ty, and the cones wouldn't fall over , when heavy trucks went by. We tried the man's suggestion. It' worked. Now all 462 cones have the tops cut off." MASSAGES BY BEAUTIFUL . f WOMEN executive health j iu with cemnlete JJ foeilWei 3; Call 50NYA 944-7395 Appointment not necessary SWEDISH SAUNA 125 Main St,, Reoding on Rte. 128 (Exit 36N off 128 head straight 1 500 ft on right next to Old Colony Got Statien.f t OPEN 7 t)AYS 1 1--A.M, to 1 A.M 11 iff i .STATE. .ZIP. u 1

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