Lincoln Journal Star from Lincoln, Nebraska on April 24, 1961 · Page 1
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Lincoln Journal Star from Lincoln, Nebraska · Page 1

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Monday, April 24, 1961
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Cease-Fire Agreement on Laos Is 'No Cause to Cheer 9 ly William H. Stoneraan cago News World Service London -- The R u s s i a n ireement to a cease-fire in ws gives nobody in the est any reason lo cheer. Negotiations aimed at a ase-fire were initiated by e British and agreed to by e United States on the as- mption that the ultimate suit would be what was lied a "neutral" Laos. Several facts which have nerged in the meantime ake it clear that any fu- ture Laotian government to which the Russians and Chinese agree will be "neutral" only to the extent that the United States won't have any influence over it. First, when the British sent a note to Moscow, Mar. 21, proposing a cease-fire to be followed by a conference, the Laotian government recognized as legitimate by the United States was still holding its own in f i g h t i n g against the Communist- backed Pathet Lao forces in the north. But the Russians stalled in replying to the British for nearly a month, giving the Pathet Lao time to build up its strength with Russian air drops of supplies and to improve its position on the ground. Then on Saturday, as Secretary of State Dean Rusk was announcing the imminent conclusion of a cease- fire agreement, Communist troops seized the key town of Vangveng, only 85 miles north of Vientiane. It was the last government- held town in the mountains of north-central Laos with a most important landing strip between Vientiane and Luang Prabang. Its loss was the biggest setback suffered by government troops in the whole Laotian civil war. This Communist victory seemed to make a joke of the cease-fire. It has certainly made a mockery of reports insistently heard in British official circles to the effect that the fighting in Laos had died down of sheer inertia. Secondly, the recently established fact which has made it laughable to talk of a neutral Laotian government has been the conduct of Prince Souvanna Phouma, ex-premier, who has been regarded by London and more recently by Washington itself as an acceptable premier for a "neutral" government. He was ousted from power in 1960 with a big assist from the United States and he has always been suspected by Washington despite the support he has received from London. Recently London's suspicions seemed confirmed when he visited London and made a sharp attack on the United States. They were strengthened even more when he visited Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev in Russia and suddenly called off the trip he had been scheduled to make to Washington. Any doubts to the effect that he is a Communist stooge were dissolved when he visited Peipmg late last week and announced when he became premier he would look to Red China for support. If the United States now now accepts the kind oof "neutral" government Sou« vanna Phouma would head, it will obviously do so only in desperation. There is now a strong suspicion that American acquiescence to the "neutralization" of Laos may be followed not long afterward by similar action in regard to South Vietnam, already heavily infiltrated and threatened by Communists from North Vietnam. AP-UPI-WIREPHOTO urmit * and Nebraska State Journal * CITY EDITION 'UNDED IN 1867 94TH YEAR--97 'LINCOLN 1, NEBRASKA, MONDAY, APRIL 24, 1961 SEVEN CENTS Drench Airports Closed; \irborne Invasion Feared De Gaulle Seeks End To Algerian Uprising Paris ($--The French government again closed all the ion's airports and renewed its call for vigilance against airborne invasion by mutinous Freeh forces in Algeria, remier Michel Debre ! - is- d orders for a repetition of security steps invoked day night to g u a r d inst an attack by para- ips serving the Algerian itary junta. All runways e ordered blocked w i t h ·ks, buses and tanks until sday morning. te Air Force was instruct- o intercept all flights over territory of metropolitan nee. le dramatic move came nillions of Frenchmen and nce's major allies rallied ind President Charles de lie in his struggle to end Algerian uprising, ·ench airmen and sailors Llgeria were reported fol- ng suit, defying the junta :h claims to control all the territory. Armed Camps iris and other major s resembled an armed p. Reservists w e r e ;d up to strengthen the nses of France, jports reaching Paris said itroops controlled by the a surrounded the Main- Blanche (White House) »ort outside A l g i e r s Nebraska Trailers To Army? e/ Industry Workshop Unveils Potential By Bess Jenkins De-Mar Inc., is a two-year- old industry in Alliance that employs 125 people and manufactures trailers with the American Trailer Co. as its principal customer. They may be turning out trailers for the U.S. Army Ordnance District in St. Louis after Plant Engineer John More on Page 7 re navy and air force es are stationed. tese reports said the para- ps moved in after the air, and sailors demonstrat- igainst the junta of Gen. rice Challe, himself an force officer. lother demonstration of force discontent with the a was the flight from Ala of 9 warplanes. T h e es flew into France tb loyal units. The junta in ers had previously claimed ontrol all airfields in the itory. Cities Reinforced he premier said guards ,nd public buildings, com- ications centers and key ts of Paris and the main s of the provinces h a d L reinforced with the re- of reserves s. and techni- Fhe Weather Ml TJ.S. Weather Bureau Forecnta (braska: C o n s i d e r * cloudiness M o n d a y t and Tuesday. Scattered rain or snow west and h Monday night. Colder heast and extreme south day night and Tuesday. day night lows 30-35 tiwest to 40 southeast. is Tuesday in 40s. ncoln: Variable cloudi- Monday night and Tues- Few showers or thun- torms Monday night. herly winds 15-25 Tues- Monday night low 45. i Tuesday 68. ther Elsewhere, Page 17. LINCOLN TEMPERATURES il U.S. Weather Bureau Keadinci p.m 83 4:30 «.m 56 p.m. . . . 81 5:30 a.m 56 p.m 7fi 6:30 a.m 54 p.m 7« 7:30 a.m 55 p.m 7fi 8.30 a.m 55 p.m. . . . 81 9:30 a.m 57 p.m. . .. IK! 10:30 a.m 58 p.m. 59 11:30 a.m «0 a.m. (Mon) 58 13:30 p.m Cl a.m. .. «0 1:30 p.m a.m 58 2:30 p.m 64 a.m. .. . S» 3:30 p.m 64 I temperature · year an 9», lew meet 7:1C P.m. Snnrlie 5:35 a.m. uraeter readlac at 12:10 p.m. ».«5. velocity ranee, M hanra endror at 20 m.p.h, from north, itlre hmnldrtr at 12:10 pjn. 17%. olpltatlon: Tfcta month to date, l.7 i! normal to date, l.tt laches. ar icaton (Apr. 1 to Oct. ») to 1.C7, normal to Halt 1.S7. Total rear [e, t.33 Incheii normal to dale, 4.78 Ehernberger's visit to Lincoln's first industrial procurement workshop. By talking to ordnance district representatives at the all-day workshop in Pershing Auditorium, E h e r n b e rger learned of the district's need. If De-Mar can fill the specifications of the 97 trailers needed and make the successful low bid, the job could be theirs. The trailer order is among the 15% of army ordnance needs reserved for small business production. The Alliance plant engineer was only one of hundreds of representatives of Nebraska industry, development and chamber organizations learning at the workshop what some 20 government agencies need that small business can provide. John B. Thornburgh of Denver represented another type of visitor who could bring more business to Nebraska. As small business representative of the Martin Co. missile and space firm, he attended the workshop to discover what resources Nebraska industry offers as manufacturers of small components used by or possibly useful to the mammoth Martin job in the space age. "Any resources I may find here will be added to Martin's future resource list," Thornburgh said. Lincoln and State Chamber of Commerces, Gov. Frank Morrison, the Nebraska Resources Division, Consumers Public Power District, Associated Industries of Nebraska and the Omaha Branch of Small Business Administration sponsored the workshop. TWO PRESIDENTS - President Kennedy points along with President Sukarno of Indonesia as they sit in the rear of an open car just before leaving Andrews Air Force WIREPHOTO Base near Washington for the White House, Sukarno is in the capital for a one- day informal visit and talks with Kennedy. Freedom Will Win Cold War For Latin America--Berle Washington (UPI)-- Adolph A. Berle, the State Department's top adviser on Latin America, told an audience here that "the struggle in Cuba is only part of the cold war for all Latin America. Freedom will win." He in effect echoed President Kennedy's pledge last week that the United States will not abandon Cuba to the communists. pacity for limited warfare operations. He, Director Allen Berle's speech to the Worn- nr n ,,' ,' ,, ,, , ' T ,- v a ti««ai n,,--,,,,,«,, r-1,,1, w - Dulles of the Central Intelligence Agency, and Adm. Arleigh A. Burke, chief of naval operations, will work on the project being directed by retired Gen. Maxwell D. Tay- en's National Democratic Club here came amidst these other developments on Cuba: --The White H o u s e announced that Atty. Gen. Robert Kennedy will help in a top-level study of the nation's intelligence structure and ca- Refusal to Deny Red Ties Can Bar Lawyer Washington (UPI)--The Supreme Court ruled that a state may refuse to admit to practice any lawyer who refuses to say whether he is a Communist. The court split 5 to 4 in deciding two cases on this issue. Justice John M. Harlan spoke for the majority both times. 'nir~ tt.;«i~ :- ,,!,,,,,, *U~A AT.'We think it clear that the 14th amendment's protection against arbitrary state action does not forbid a state from denying admission to a bar applicant so long as he refuses to provide unprivileged answers to questions having a substantial relevance to his qualifications," Harland said. One of the c a s e s was brought by George Anastaplo, a young University of Chicago instructor who has been trying for 10 years to become a member of the Illinois bar. Anastaplo refused as a matter of principle to answer questions about membership in the Communist Party, the Ku Klux Klan or the Silver Shirts. Arguing his own case before the U.S. Supreme Court last December, Anastaplo said he believes in the Decla- jw Ice Cream Treat eadow Gold's "Chocolate- m Parfait." Butter-pecan locolate ice cream twirled an exciting new taste. At r flom or ooor.--Adr. ration of Independence a n d would resist a dictatorial government or even a Supreme Court opinion if it "subverted" Constitutional principles. The other appeal was from Raphael Konigsberg, former Los Angeles social worker who won a previous h i g h court decision in 1957. The court held then that past membership in the Communist Party, if true, does not necessarily mean lack of good moral character. But when the case went back to California's Bar Committee, Konigsberg again refused to answer questions as to his party membership. California law requires that an applicant must be of good moral character and not advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government. Harlan's opinions affirmed decisions of the Supreme Courts of Illinois and California. lor. Taylor will investigation as conduct part of aftermath of the failure the anti-Castro revolt. the the Russia, Britaiu Call For 14-Nation Meet * * * * * * Control Group May Convene Compiled From News Wires The Soviet Union announced that an agreement for a cease-fire in Laos and the con- i vocation of a 14-nation international conference has been reached with Britain. The government said weeks of consultation with Britain have led to accord on 3 messages to be published Tuesday. The 3 are a call for the cease-fire, a call for a meeting in Geneva May 12 of a 14-nation "international conference on a settlement in Laos," and a message to India asking for the convening of the 3-nation international control commission for Laos. In Washington, a State Department spokesman said the United States will not attend the 14-nation conference on Laos until it is assured that an actual cease-fire is in effect, agreement. Britain and the Soviet Union lammered out the agreement on the basis of their having served as co-chairmen of the 1954 Geneva conference which ended the fighting in Indochina. 'Decisive Step' Joseph Godber, undersecre- ;ary of the foreign office, told ;he House of Commons in Condon that Andrei Gromyko, :he Soviet foreign minister, and the British ambassador in Moscow had worked out the agreement. The 14 nations are Britain ;he Soviet Union, the United States, Communist C h i n a , F'rance, Cambodia, Communist North Viet Nam, South Viet Nam, Laos, Thailand, Surma, India, Poland and anada. "The cooperation of the Soviet government in calling for a cease-fire in this way," he said, "represents a decisive step forward in the difficult process of bringing peace to region in an effort to stem A reliable source said one the rebel forces. of the Americans had been Three and possiblv 4 Amer- i Bounded at the front line ican military advisers were' TM l l e ? north °^ Van § Vien f- believed caught up in the lhe source s a i d t v TM m ° re ad ' llth-hour rebel offensive. ' V1 ^ were , c(ut off after §°- ,,, , , ;ri£ forward to rescue their The A m e r i c a n adusers have been missing since Sat- There was no immediate urday, and officials here i word about the 4th adviser's feared for their safety. I fate. Adjournment Saves Redistricting Move Stromer: Add Otoe, Neinaha, Johnson to Douglas Co. District By Ellis Rail An attempt to return the congressional redistricting bill to general file to take some counties out of the middle district which includes Lancaster, hangs on the thin thread of one vote. Sen. Marvin E. Stromer of Lincoln tried to bring from select file back to general file to take Otoe, Nemaha and Johnson from the middle district and tack them on Ehernberger (left) briefed by T. C. Morris. Industrials Down 7.30 The stock market dropped Monday, 2 p.m. Dow Jones stock averages being 30 industrials off 7.30 to 677.96, 20 rails off .50 to 140.38, 15 utilities off .54 to 111.62 and 65 Stocks off 1.80 to 226.24. DuPont was off 2M to 207Vfe and IBM was off 8% to 699. More Markets Page 17. Women's Dresses M a g e e ' s better half-size dresses, 12» 2 -24% D O W reduced Vt, tt.-Adv. --Kennedy continued to line up Republican support for his Cuban policy. He will confer Tuesday with Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York after already meeting former president Dwight D. Eisenhower, former Vice President Richard M. Nixon, Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz), and former President Harry S. Truman. --Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos sent a strongly-worded message to the organization of American States (OAS) here asking it to advise the United States against any intervention in Cuba. His message did not contain any suggestions for specific OAS action. In the past, Cuba has rejected several attempts by the United States and other American republics to return the Cuban problem to t h e OAS. of Laos. : 'Much remains to be done THE BLACK HEART OF HITLER Chapter 7 *"" Page 9 sponsibility of Canadian-Polish before the conference can meet. Any substantial violation of the cease-fire would put all the arrangements in jeopardy. "We must be satisfied with the effectiveness of the cease- fire before the conference meets." Documents Received Verification that fighting has stopped will be the re- an Indian- commission. Documents relating to the pacification arrangements already have been received in New Delhi. In Laos, the pro-Western government of Premier Boun Oum suffered a further setback over the week end at the hands of the Communist-directed Pathet Lao rebels. Fierce rebel artillery fire forced government troops out of the town of Vang Vieng, 85 miles north of Vientiane, the capital. This victory apparently gave the Pathet Lao rebels a firm hold on north central Laos. The rebels also gained an important air strip, informants s a i d . Hundreds of royal troops were airlifted to the Be Sure to Read ALCOHOLISM -- S t u d y Group trying to find the "why" in Capital City's rising drunkeness figure. NEW FRONTIER LIKED--Polite skepticism among European newsmen that greeted President Kennedy when he took office has changed to praise and respect... Inside You'll Also Find Page 8 Page 3 Ann Landers 6 City News ... 8 Comics ..... 22 Crossword ..22 Deaths ...... 17 Editorial ..... 4 Markets ..... 17 Sports ....13-15 State News .. 8 Statistics ____ 17 Theaters ..... « TV-Radio ____ 17 Want Ads 18-21 What to Do . 6 Women ..10, 11 World . ...2, 3 the Douglas County district. Stromer's . . . Omaha district plan. But before the vote on his motion could be announced, motion to adjourn was slipped in and passed 24-10. The vote on Stromer's motion has not been announced, saving it from defeat. Stromer had only 21 votes to bring the bill back. He n e e d e d 22. This will supporters overnight to attempt to have a senator change a vote before t h final vote is announced Tuesday. Motion Withdrawn An earlier attempt to amend Stromer's motion to add Richardson and Pawnee Counties to the 3 Stromer advocated placing with Douglas County was withdrawn. Sen. Cecil Craft of North Platte made the motion and l reach 68 degrees. Monday I withdrew it. night's low is expected to be | Or ce the bill gets back to Showers To Follow High Winds A few showers and thunderstorms are likely for the Lincoln area through Tuesday, the Weather Bureau says. Northerly winds of 15 to 25 miles an hour are predicted with the Tuesday h i g h to 45. The west and north get scattered light ram or snow Monday night with lower temperatures as cold as 30. Tuesday night lows in the west and northwest are predicted in the 40's. T h e blustery, c o o l e r weather follows strong winds up to 102 miles an hour which whipped across t h e Panhandle Sunday. A Frontier Air Lines DCS was blown off the runway during a takeoff attempt at the Scottsbluff Airport. No one General File and the specific may amendment is taken care of, was injured as the plane rolled into a plowed field. the bill is then wide open for amendment by any senator. This could reopen the north- south districts versus the east-west districts f i g h should the bill be returned to General File. Another Motion There also is reported to a motion on the clerk's desk which has not yet been taken up to delay the bill until the final days of the session. So far, all attempts to delay the measure have failed. Stromer said he wanted to correct the disparity in popu- Tne gales churned up dust,' lation for the middle district, snarled traffic and tipped j which under the pending bill Continued: Page 8, Col. 4 i Continued: Page 5, Col. 2 SETTING UP--Tommy the Lion looks satisfied with the job Shrine Circus handlers did in setting up the cage at the State Fairgrounds in preparation for the 6-day stand here. Thirteen performances in all are planned for the big show. Tommy will perform in one t£ the most exciting acts of the Circus--jumping from one to another through a ring of, flames. INEWSPAPERif lEWSPAPERF

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