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MOT (ARK.) OOURHR KIWI TUESDAY, APRIL M, INI I, 'Suitcase Farmers' Menace to Nation, Benson Declares By OVID MARTIN DENVER (AP) — The "suitcase farmer" was pictured in the central Great Plains today as a menace to the nation equal to the duststorms that now plague the area. . + A least this was the word picked up by Secreary of Agriculture Season as he started a two-day motor tour through the plains to ascertain extent of damage caused by drought-provoked wind erosion. % • "If you don't keep (he real farm- f | er on the land, he'll have lo «sl! ** out to the suitcase farmer and move to town to seek work," Cotton Group Makes Stop At Havti HAYTI — The Memphta Cotton Carnival goodwill tour came through Hayti Monday afternoon tnd stopped for about an hour on the iquare. Among those present were the King and <jueen of the carnival. Winners of a fashion contest were decided with Shirley Hounihan of Warden talcing first place. Jane Ellen Markey of Caruthersville was •econd and Janette Shlrey of Hay- tl got third. Drfs** worn by the high school girta were made by them from cotton fabrics. Cash prizes were awarded by the Southeast Missouri Comprea Company. AUo taking part in the program were Hayti's Cotton Carnival Duke »nd Duchess, Byron llnsley and Joyce Boolec. They will attend a teenage court wid luncheon, at Hotel Peabody Memphis on May 13, and they wlU al»o attend a ball that night at Crump Stadium. Traffic Cases Heard in Court Yesterday in Municipal Cfcurt, Andrew Brown WM Ilnod $10 and cOiU on • charge of driving while drunk and J60 and costs, which WM impended, on a charge of ourylnc a plitol ai a weapon. Two motorists forfeited bonds uut one WM fined In Mimlclual Court today on traffic violations. . Marlon Bobbins forfeited a $6 bond on a charge of running ft red light and Bill George forfeited a $19.78 bond on a charge of falling to stop at a stop sign. BlUy Humble plead guilty to a charge of operating a vehicle without brakes and was fined $10 and Commodity And Stock Markets- Ntw Y«rk Cetren May 3355 July 3313 dot 33P5 ... 3409 3357 3374 3306 3400 3344 3308 3388 3402 Deo New Orleans Cotton 335li 3314 3388 3400 May July Oct . Dec . 3340 3315 3395 3408 3355 331B 3307 3410 3340 33BB 3302 Chicago Corn Mny .... 144% 1451', 143% 144 July 147)4 141% 146% 146% Chicago Soybeans Mny .... 254% 255!-. 251% 252 N July 244% 245)4 242)4 242 :l ;, Sept .... 236% 231 234-H 235M, Nov .... 233% 234'/4 232 232 Va Chicago Wheat May .... 213% 214 211)'» 211 ij, July 106 IBO'i IDS'/;, 195!. 4 New York Stocks A T nnd T 181 Amer Tobncco 10 1-2 Anaconda Copper (il 1-2 Beth Steel 141 1-2 Chrysler 82 1 -2 Coca-Cola 122 1-4 Gen Electric 51 I-H Gen Motors 99 1-4 Montgomery Wnrd 77 1-H N Y Central 42 a-s Int Harvester 38 Republic Steel 87 1-4 Radio 44 1-4 Socony Viicuum 543-8 Studebaker 127-8 Standard of N J 115 7-8 Texas Corp 99 Sears 112 1-2 U S Steel 68 1-B Livestock NATIONAL STOCKYARDS. 111. W— (USDAI— Hogs 12,000; lower; bulk choice 180-220 II) 16.75 17.25; several hundred head 17.35: choice No. IS and 2s 17.50; 220-240 ]b 16.50-17.00; 240-270 II) 16.00-50; 270300 Ib 15.50-16.25; 140-170 II) 16.2517.00; sows 450 II) down 13.7S- 14.15; heavier sows 12.50-13.50; boars 9.50-12.50. Cattle 6,000; calves 1,200; very little done on steers, heifers and mixed yearlings; initial bids unevenly lower; choice heifers at 22.76-23.60 about steady; utility and commercial 12.50-15.00; canners and cutters 10.00-12.50; bulls utility and commercial 13.50-15.00; canners and cutters 11.00-13.00; vealers good and choice 20.00-25.00: high choice and prime sparingly 26.00-28.00; commercial and good vealers and calves 15.00-20.00. Gwtndlynn Daniel* Graveside services of Gwcndlynn Duileli, infant daughter of Rev. Henry Daniels and Theola Daniels, were to be held today at 1:00 p.m. with Rev. John Scott officiating. In addition to her parent* she It lurvlved hy her grandparents, Mary and Oovnor Bullock. Cuton Funeral Kome k in charge. New calculation* plact the height of Mount Even* M feet abort KI level, farmers told the secretary at meeting here last night. The term "suitcase farmer" Ifa usually applied to city residents who buy up land from distressed owners and hold It for speculative farmlntJ operations. Benson was told that the nonresident operator takes less care of the land than does one who lives on it. The resulting misuse of the land, they said, could cause an intensification of present wind erosion problems. The Cabinet officer said the present siege of duststorms could be laid In part to drought and to a plowup of grass lands. But much of the responsibility for this plow- up. he said, must be home by the federal government becmise it encouraged extended wheat production during th war. "This is a national problem,' Benson said. "The government has a moral responsibility to help solve the problem. I don't want to see the spirit of our rural people broken. I want to do all that I can to see that It is not broken." Benson emphasized, however, that future help extended by the federal government should be d- signd to get at the causes of wind erosion. Past emergency measures have not done so, he said . The purpose of his trip, he said, was to get fanner suggestions on long-range measures. He heard P. number of suggestions. Some wanted the' federal government to go Into the rainmaking business In a big way. Others would deny benefits of federal farm programs to farmers Who "misused" their land. Some proposed longer term credit to develop ground water supplies. Some said nothing would help except an end of the drought Itself. Benson planned to drive through eastern Colorado and Into southwestern Kansas today, stopping at Liberal for the night. Tomorrow ho planned to drive through Oklahoma, Texas and into New Mexico. A-Sub Can Stay Down Long Time WASHINGTON ifl •- It's a secret lust how long the atom-powered submarine Nautilus can remain submerged hut here's 1 a tip perhaps only partly facetious: Secretary of the Navy Charles Thomas smilingly commented today It only has lo surface to let the crew re-enlist. Thomas spoke briefly at the NKW IIUH.DING OPENS — The new home of Blytheville Federal Savings and Loan Association was lo'rmally opened this week. .It is located at the Intersection of Second and Walnut Streets and houses other businesses as well. W. J. Pollard In- surance Agency, Kemp Whisenhunt, realtor, and Attorney Marcus Evrard offices also are located there. Blytheville Federal formerly had office In the Olencoe Hotel. (Courier News Photo) FORMOSA (Continued from Page 1) tlonallffts at the conference table would be Indispensable," he said in (i separate interview. "We cer- tninly wouldn't sit down i\i imy conference to dispose of British territory unless Great Britain were there. New Proposal -> "We have recognized Chiang's sovereignty over Formosa by treaty. Congress has voted to use our armed forces to defend Formosa. To talk with Chou when they are absent would mean that we are abandoning them." A new proposal ciime last nlffht from Sen. Flanders (R-Vt), who suggested President Eisenhower try to gather together in one room Mao Tse-tung, Red China's chief of state, and the heads of Soviet Russia, Great Britain, India, France, Germany, Canada, Nationalist China and Jiiunn nations who have become entangled in this network of hostile posture and preparation." ; Spunking at a World War II veterans Elbe Day dinner, Flanders an id: "Let them meet without n multitudinous and cluttering .secretariat. Let them sny in session for least two weeks and first of all determine whether they can agree to Lreni disarm amen I us n matter of prime importance . . ." "Two Chinas" In New 'York yesterday, Sen. William F. Knowliuid of California, Jie Senate Republican lander, opposed proposals for "two Chinas" and a plebiscite and tlons , trusteeship for Knowinnd stttd nt n United NH- Formosn. jjcws con- 'A two-China policy requiring the Republic of China to give lip the Islands of Quemoy iind Mntsu and IfMivi- It only in control of FormoHii nnd Ihi 1 PeKcndorcs Ts- Inmls, and even lluit control under (|Ut'stloli, Is unncceptnble. ure ulwnys suggesting a policy requiring thnt the weekly breakfast of the Nebraska ooliRrcssional dcluKatloii. He salt! the Nautilus exceeded nil oxpcctntloilH 111 it: curly trials. Shots in Far East TKYO &—Snlk polio .shots will be given the 41.186 children of all U. S. Military nnd authorized civilian personnel under the jurisdiction of the Far East Command, onstrnle for Ihe next 10 years whnt "They two-Chlin 1 Nationalists give up sonic territory. 'Why (loeMi'l someone suggest n Iwo-Chliiii policy with the dividing line .mi the mainland of China at the Yangt/.o River, and have the frontier guaranteed by the United Millions? Thru tot the Cmn Freighter Sinks; 5 Feared Dead ANTWERP, Belgium iffi — The Greek freighter Belgian sank In the River Schelde early today after colliding with the Norwegian freighter Tai Shan. Five crewmen of the Belglon were believed drowned. The 1,894-ton Greek ship was en route from Antwerp when it became involved with the 9,249-ton Norwegian vessel on Its way in. The sunken wreck blocked the Schelde River entrance to Antwerp temporarily, forcing other ships to enter and leave through an alternate series of locks. No information was immediately available on damage suffered by the Tal Shan. PINBALL (Continued from Page 1) the federal tax. One man said .his machines had ben removed for the time being. Another said he would simply operate Ills machines for amusement. The federal law provides that imy person who "willfully attempts in any manner to evade or defeat any tax imposed by this title or the payment thereof shall, in addition to other penalties provided by law, be guilty of i\ lelony nnd, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both, together with the costs of prosecution." Mr. Godwin said Immediate action will be taken against operators of premises In which non-tax paid machines are found operating ns gambling devices. The operators of the establishment are the persons from whom (lie tux is due, he emphasized, not the owners of the machine. kind of a progress they would have under a tntnlitarian n^ime, and the free Chinese demnn.slrjUe the progress under a free government, and nfter It) years, under a United Nations plebiscite, let the people decide the kind of government and policy they wmit." The .senator gave- no indication that he expects any such idea to be put into ^ffcct. Knou'land told the newsmen he ROBERTSON (Continued from Page 1) find lies in the harbor of the Red port of.Amoy, only a'few miles from the mainland. It Is frequently shelled by the Reds but the shelling has not- been effective. A well-placed Nationalist official hinted broadly that Radford and Robertson had no' come to ask Chiang Lo give up Quemoy and the Matsus, He said their mission was "positive, not negative." There might be more conferences or there might not, he said. Fact Fin dine Trip Many observers felt the two had come to Taipei to take a last look around for a policy-making report to President Eisenhower on such subjects as Nationalist morale. Communist buildups and general conditions—in brief, that they are on a fact-finding trip. The Chinese press reacted with alarm nt world reception of Red Premier Chou En-lal's offer to negotiate with the United States on Formosa. Premier O. K. Yui told the Legislative Yuan (Parliament) the Nationalists are determined to defend Quemoy find Matsu and urged the lawmakers not to "believe rumors." He said the Robertson- Radforcl visit concerned the U.S.- Nationallst. Mutual Defense Pact. PEIPING negotiations unless China is represented. Nationalist (Continued from Page 1) The Chinese people do not want to have' a war with the United States. The Chine.se government willing lo sit down and enter into negotiations with the United States government to discuss the question of relaxing tension in the Far East, nntl especially the question of relaxing tension in the Taiwan urea "Inlernnl Affair" "The liberation of Taiwan is China's Internal affair and external intervention will never be tolerated. The tense situation arising from U.S. intervention is nil inter- natlonnl problem. Consequently, it (.•alls for direct negotiations with the United States. This peaceful desire of the Chinese people would not in the least affect their struggle to liberate Taiwan. Premier Chou En-lai's statement was universally head of its class t?i everything. >. Diiilt bf Packiircl Cniflsmcn . - . your assur- amv of (lit: quality that distiiii-i Mirs the l!)o5 Clipper. POWKII- there's uniiKitcliccI thrill in the 2-15 ;\ml '225 horsepower V-Ss nnd th<> insLmt response of the new Twin-Ultrani.Uic Transmission, S/7E-nearly 18 luct ol glamorous exteriors . . . more head room, more hip room, more K-j: nnd rlbow room . . . more interior room all around. liitc [lit; Clipper ;ii;;iiiist the field in evrry- lliim; and we're suro you'll ;ii;r<'e . . . hero is luxury and quality nt a medium price. for those who rfci/re «<. <s _ individuality $,<• ///cJ955 "* NSTELLATION 145 HORSEPOWER /NV/Tt YOU TO COMf IN TODAY . . . TAKE THE KtYAND SES ;. Knjoy "TV RKADER'S DIGEST"—\VJICT. Channel 5 9:00 I'.M., Mondayi CHAMBLIN SALES COMPANY Your Studtbakcr-Packard Dealer Phone 3-6888 Railroad & Ash Streeh Actress Fails In Attempt To Kill Self HOLLYWOOD (* — Susan Hayward, one of the movies'-top box- office stars, attempted suicide early today by gulping sleeping pills. Two detectives who had to kick in the door of her swank Sherman Oaks mansion saved her life. The 35-year-old redhead gave warning of her intent in a hysterical call to her mother, Mrs. Ellen Marrener, 65. Her mother telephoned 'police, who battered in a patio door and found the actress, clad in pajamas and a housecoat, sprawled unconscious on the living room floor. Near her were two empty bottles of sleep-inducing medicine. After emergency treatment, a doctor pronounced her condition fair. The only explanation for the death try came from the actress' brother, Walter Marrener, who blamed her despondency on a recent tiff with her divorced husband, plus overwork. R. N. Priest Rites Tomorrow Funeral services for Robert Napoleon Priest, 79, who died yesterday at Chickasawbn Hospital, will be held at the Beacon Baptist Church at 2 p.m. tomorrow with Rev. George Gresham officiating. Mr. Priest was born in Union City, Tenn. He had lived in Blytheville for the past 38 years, where he has been engaged In carpentering. He has been ill the past week. His wife passed away about 10 days ago. Survivors include five sons, Bobby, A. D., and Cecil M. Priest, all of Blytheville, Paul A. Priest of Dumas, Ray Priest of Sheffield, Ala.; one brother, William B. Priest of East Prairie, Mo.; 10 grandchildren and four great- grandchildren. Pallbearers will be Jim England, Lealand Hodge, Johnny Hocott, Roy Pruitt, Otis Cole and Ed Jorrett. Burial Will be in Elmwood Cemetery. Cobb Funeral Home, will be In charge. Sign Aid Agreement MANILA OB — The United States and The Philippines sign au agreement today providing 9!••> million dollars in U. S. aid for training and equipping a Philippine army division, n Foreign Office spokesman said. The agreement calls for training 10,000 men and 426 reserve officers -by the Joint U. S. Military Advisory Group. Dr. Salk Cited For Flu Work Army Says Ht Played Major Role in Developing Vaccine FT. DIX, N. S. (ff)—Dr. Jonas E. Salk, discoverer of the polio vaccine, was credited today by Army authorities with a major contribution to the Army's battle against influenza, As director of a commission on influenza, Dr. Salk headed extensive field studies at this large In- f en try training center from shortly after World War n until 1954, the post public information office said. The preventive effect of several types of influenza vaccine was tested on hundreds of soldiers here. Now In Use After months of research and complex laboratory tests, the Salk commission, In cooperation with the Pt. Dix medical staff, was successful in finding a most effective combination of tested influenza vaccines now in use through out the armed forces. While he was working for the Army, Dr. Salk also was carrying on his polio vaccine research. When it appeared success was within reach in the polio field, the Army said, Dr. Salk was released from his contract. The influenza study was transferred to New York's Columbia University, where it is now being carried on under the direction of Dr. Harry Rose. 2 A Regiments To Be Rotated WASHINGTON Iffl — The Air Force, as part of its plan to rotate whole units rather than individual soldiers overseas, will shuttle two regiments of about 3,500 men each across the Pacific by air in July. The 508th Airborne Regimental Combat Team will be sent from Ft. Campbell, Ky., to Japan, replacing the 187th Regiment, which will return to Ft. Bragg, N. C. Surplus Food Program Set To Start LITTLE EOCK tfl — Federal surplus food will start moving from Little Roclc to county distri- : button points next week under a new welfare-surplus food program. Welfare Commissioner Carl Adams today met with 19 county judges here In the second of a , series of meetings designed to arrange for the details of the flow of food to an estimated 160,000 wel- . fare recipients. Adams said that a "tremendous amount" of the surplus dried foods already are in Little Rock warehouses. Fifty-eight county judges !>av« agreed to cooperate in the distribu- : lion. Other meetings are scheduled at Fort Smith tomorrow; at Harrl- : son Thursday; Batesville Friday; : and Texarkana next Monday; The first meeting was held yesterday at Forerst City. : Adams said that other county ! judges were expected to add their : counties to list that will receive _ the food, while others -had said that I an increase in farm employment in : their areas had eliminated the need for the present. Only One Bidder On Base Contract- LITTLE ROCK (ffl — L & M Construction Co. of Memphis was the lone bidder today on rehabilitation of two buildings at the Blytheville Air Force Base. The U S. District Engineers here said that L & M bid $220,572.97 on the rehabilitation ot a warehouse and an armament electronics building The buildings presently are occupied by the Air installation office. The government estimate was $195,850.75. The Engineers office here said that the bid might be accepted, or new bids may be asked. Read Courier News Classified Ad« welcomed nt the conference. "But the U.S. State Department hastily issued a statement puling forth unreasonable prerequisites to cope witli the situation." The editorial did not mention, but probably referred to, a stipulation that Nationalist China must take part in any such talks. Authorized Dodge-Plymouth Service Factory Trained Mechanics • Factory Approved. Equipment • Factory Engineered Parts For Service Bring Your Dodge or Plymouth Home to 61 MOTOR CO. N. Hwy. 61 (Same location as 61 Imp. CoJ Ph. 2-2142 BESTWAY CLEANERS Invites you to visit their NEW LOCATION Phone 2-2408 2012 W. Main Now Equipped to Serve You Better TO THE MAN WHO DOESN'T WEAR A HAT — Ever notice this? Most men, considered by their associate* as headed for success, woar hats—winter and summer. Of course, you don't have to be hatted to bo successful. But obviously a hat is an asset any season of the year. Come In and see our selection of popular Champ Hats, from genuine hand-woven South American Panamas to Milana in the latest styles that match triie summer's dark-toned apparel. Each model shown here—ffi. Take your choice—you're halted in smart, cool comfort lor butinew or pfrMMft< As advertised In Esquire Martin's Meiis Store "fverything for Men and Soft"