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PAOB EIGHT • BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS TUESDAT, APRIL », I960 Next Three Years Critical Ones in European Cold War EDITOR'S NOTE — How goes Uie cold w»rT Whml te llie ilgnlflcance of Communist ietb>ckl Mnont Europe's workers? Where are the dangersT What c» the West expect? To n>t the an>wer>, Sillltm L. Ryan traveled along the western «l»e of the Iron Curtain from France to Turkey. He wipled hk own knowledge of Communist alms and method* with the l»nt Information from political Mid military officiate. Th« AF foreign news an.lyst flra hk findings In three arllcle* of which thfe li MM Mnt. By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst PARIS (AP) — This te how the West can assess the cold war on the European front hi thfe spring of 1955: Trom the shorUrange viewpoint. the West has chalked up remark- Able victories. From the long-range view, the next two or three years will be critical and dangerous. At the guns of World War II fell silent, communism sprang irmed and militant from the ruins, feeding upon carnage and despair. Now, 10 years later, communism, as a Soviet-sponsored revolutionary movement, Is loving its appeal Among Europe's working people. Communist parties, stopped cold for some time, are being rolled b«ck politically. A military "no trespassing" line has been drawn across Europe and down through the Middle East. It has forced the Soviet Union to change its tune and its tactics. These tactics bear germs of further decay for the Red parties of the West. Can Still Lwe Thit k a synthesis of the best opinion to be found in Europe at the moment: The West Is winning battles. It can still lose the cold war. One cannot escape the relatively recent upsurge of public confidence and optimism In Western Europe. Tor eight years, under the Marshall Plan, the Truman Doctrine »nd other names, the United SUtee has been pumping new •conomlc life and military stamina into Western Europe. Currencies have hardened. Standards of living h»ve been rising. Jf these trends continue, and If the Soviet union Is kept Indefinitely from moving outside the Iron Curtftln, then, in the opinion of many a Western observer, the be- gmti^ of decay will set In for the Communist movement In Eu- zope M sponsored and directed by Moscow. But these successes, at Uie same time, have generated new facto™. The new confidence tnd optimism bring an urge for relaxation. Thne On Our Side "For the first time In the cold war." a highly placed Western •pokesman told me, "lime Is on our side. In the next few years, our position with regard to tlio Soviet Union, politically, economic- air/ and militarily, should get betUr and batter—provided we don't relax. We can't afford to relax now. "Fear drove us into each other's arms and into the great experiment known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The new optimism generated in Europe by the fact that we are feeling militarily more secure all the time, plus the prospect of 12 German divisions being armed In Central Europe tinder our direction and control, has begun to set in motion n tendency to relex. "To relax Is dangerous. We may feel the Russians are not foolish enough to overestimate their abilities and move against us. But to gamble on that would be to take an awful chance." The prevailing estimate of the Soviet regime Is that It Is a shrewd and logical one. The Russians have made a realistic survey of their situation. They may be expected to react In accordance with a realistic conclusion. The conclusion: Soviet communism cannot now think in terms of seizure of governments, particularly In the West.The cold war then must move to other fields — economic, social and diplomatic. Nothing to Lose Soviet efforts In the diplomatic field are illustrated by the current gambit on Austria. The Russians have nothing to lose there and much to hope for In consenting to an Independence treaty guaranteeing Austrian neutrality. Unlike Stalin, the present regime is able to take a Russian boot out of u door for long-range advantage. Soviet efforts In the economic field dovetail with the diplomatic campaign. The present the lure of trade for exporting Western nations—particularly West Germany, whose capacity far outdistances her ability to absorb her p''o ductlon. The able A. I. Mlkoyan, Soviet trade expert, already Is In charge of the program. The Russians obviously intend that their move in Austria will have a strong effect In Germany, raising hopes that reasonable no gotlations with the Soviet Union are possible. But, the Russians will hint, how can negotiations for reunifying Germany lake place If Western Germany is building mil llarlly In an alliance Moscow In slsts Is pointed nggi-essvcly toward the Soviet Union? How. can nor mal trade lake place under such clrcumslanccs? Short-Term Goal In the social cultural field, the Soviet Union will ••- all In its pow er to woo allies from all classes, regardless of Mnrxlfit dogma. This program Is pointed toward a short-term goal, to divide the United States from Its Allies and to produce a pnsslon for neutralism In Western Europe. While the Wcsl remains united, It Is dangerous for world communism to move aggressively In any direction. Yet communism, a dynamic movement, must keep moving or stagnate. How can the cold war be lost. Competent observers throughout Europe say the West will retain Its advantage only In relation, first, to a continuing Improvement of economic conditions and a steady rise In standards of living. But along with this, they say, there must be a public willingness to bear the cost of maintaining a constant alert. If Western unity should fall apart, soviet commu- nlsrvi once again could be on the move. How can the cold war be won? That Is a more jllfflcult question. I asked It of many statesmen and military leaders. All agreed the answer is not In the foreseeable future. All agreed it would be a long and wearing fight. Oqe man had a hopeful answer— a churchman who Is one of the staunchcst friends of. the United States. The Patriarch Athenagoras, spiritual leader of -11 the Orthodox faith, Including the Russian Ortho dox. Isolates himself from polltl tics In his traditonal seat n Istanbul, Turkey. But Athenagoras knows America well. He served 20 years as an archbishop In the United States. The answer, said the patriarch, lies with America. "Freedom with abundance—that Is America," Athenagoras said. "She hears r.ot only the peal of the liberty bell In Philadelphia, but also the bell from on high. It Is given to the United States to show the world the way. That Is the mission of America: To demonstrate to the world that free, dom with abundance Is possible Then there will be peace." Tomorrow: Communism in Its own trap. For a tempting glaze on fruit pics, such us apple, brush the top crust with undiluted evaporated milk before baking. In China, monkeys once were used to harvest Uie tea crop. Read Courier News Classified Ads HOUSE FOR SALE to the highest Mclilur. First Imisu went of First Methodist Churr.h on W. Main St. (Known us thr Williams home.) Contact office (if First MclliDillal Churrh (ir »ce .1. W. Adams at Adams Appliance Co. for details (if sale. Bills will he closed May 14. PAINT CLOSEOUT A Sensational Bargain is now here! Gold Bond Velvet RUBBERIZED PAINT Now at a Reduced Price that everyone can afford! Per Gallon Reg. Price $5.59 Per Gallon Ark. Paint & Glass Co. SeMo's Salk Schedule Set 5,000 Children Start Getting Vaeein. This Week CARUTHERSVILLB — Schedule for Inoculation of children of Pemiscot County with the Salic- polio vaccine has been released by Dr. S. B. Beecher, county aealth officer. The first shot will be administered to each of about 5,000 first and second graders Thursday and Friday, and the second shot will be given about two weeks later, Dr. Beecher said. He stated that those 3,820 students who participated in the vaccine trials last year will receive a booster shot during the second series of Inoculations. The schedule for the polio clinic at Pemlscot County Memorial Hospital In Haytl: Thursday mornlng^-Haytl, 8:30; Bragg City, 8:35; Warden, 8:45: Concord,-9:00; Braggadocio, 9:15; Decrlng, 9:45; Rural District Three, 10:00. Friday morning — Haytl Negroes, 8:30; Caruthersville, 9:00; Holland, 9:16; Caruthersville Catholics. D:30; Peach Orchard, 9:35; Steele, 9:40. Doctors for the clinic Thursday will be P. J. Aquino, Bill Turner, C. W. McKaskle, Woodrow Lamb, H. J. Price, D. R. Hensley, George Rlcketson and Edward Taylor. Friday's doctors will be O. W. Cook, Jim Turner, W. R. McCoy, Charles Cain, C. D. Kaiser, F. W. Cooke and A. G. Shlwy. Carl England, technician at the hospital, will assist. Salvation Army Plans Citadel EL DORADO, Ark. (/P) — The Salvation Army Is planning to build a $76,000 citadel here. Major Wade Farrior, head of the unit here, said a drive will be conducted May 2-12 to raise construction funds. KNUCKLE DOWN — The characteristic stance of the marble shooter provides just the right frame around the target marblei at Tinsley Green, England. The frame Is 75-year-old Sid Town, one of the starring players of the Arundel Mullets team competing in the British Marbles Championship. Can your house BURN OUT? Yei rt con. Fire often gets a long headstart before "rt is discovered. Insurance .. . and enough of "rt ... is the ortly answer to yew financial protection. 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