The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 23, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, April 23, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NIWSPAPKB Of NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND BODTHIAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 28 BlythevlUt Courier BlythivilJ* Daily Nem Blythevllle Herald Missinippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSA, SATURDAY, APIRL 23,1955 EIGHT PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Distribution Plan Set Up For Vaccine By W. JOYNES MacFARLAN WASHINGTON (AP) — The government moved by voluntary means today to assure that the Salk polio vaccine goes first to those who need it most. Secretary of Welfare Hobby said she will name, perhaps today, a national advisory committee ol seven or nine members—"small, but a*' broadly representative as possible"—to suggest allocations by states. Each slate Is expected to set up Us own system of priorities for handling its share of the vaccine. The plan, developed in a conference here yesterday and ap proved by President Eisenhower last night, will have no effect on the free immunization of first anc second grade school children already under way under auspices of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. It applies only to the furnishing of supplies to doctors for administering to those not covered by the free program. By July 1 In a formal statement after the conference, Mrs. Hobby said statistics showed that an estimated 25,600,000 children can be vaccinated by July 1, but that almost no commercial supplies are available now. The free school program is getting the first quantities. "These are the simple inescap able facts about the supply situation," she said. "It is a situation which will require very great patience on the part of everyone. On the other hand, it is, in my opinion, a hopeful picture, , .instead of years there now remain only months before the great boon of the Salk vaccine can be made available to many millions." She said the conference of doctors, public health workers, drug manufacturers and others which developed the allocation plan " compllshed all that we hoped for . . , there was not one dissenting note in the day's activities." Recommendations The .-recommendations were; 1. Establishment of a national advisory committee to recommend voluhtcry alloactions in a state-by- slate basis, aimed at assuring availability to children 1 through 19 years of age at the time it most needed. 2. Creation of stale committees composed of health, medical and drug industry representatives to hnndle immunization plans within each state and establish such age group priorities as may be deemed necessary. In the absence of specific state plans priorities should be considered for children 1 to 10 years of age. 3. A continual check by technical experts on the use of the vaccine, SeMo Gefs Its Salk Polio Vaccine CARUTHERSVILLE — Salk vaccine arrived here at 10:30 a.m. Friday and the first inoculations will be given at Pemiscot County Memorial Hospital in Hayti next Thursday and Friday, according to Dr. S. B. Beecher, county health officer. Dr. Beecher said, "I'm glad it's here." He stated that only two injections will be given this spring. The second will be given before school is out this year. However, an exact date is 'not known because the additional vaccine from the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis has not arrived yet. He said he did not know at this time whether the booster shot would be given in the autumn. The vaccine that had been scheduled to be given to the health department as a booster will go to regular physicians, Dr. Beecher said. to consider whether any changes should be made in the dosage schedule, and to study most effective ways of utilizing the vaccine. The recommendations also proposed that distribution be handled through the usual channels of trade — from manufacturer to wholesale druggist to retail druggist. Based On Two Shots Allocations and priorities for the vaccine would be based in part on records showing which geographical areas normally have the earliest upturn in cases, in part on which age groups have the most cases and the most deaths, and in part on child population. The program would be based on use of two shots of vaccine for each child as fast as supplies become available. A third "booster" shot would be given not less than seven months after the second shot and not later than the start of the next polio season. Dr. Hart Van Riper, medical director of the National Foundation, said after the meeting that no one would need the "booster" shot until next February or March. Basil O'Connor, head of the Foundation, said in an interview that his organization would consider supplying a third shot free to the first and second graders now being immunized if the public wants it to and will provide the necessary funds. TO COTTON 1'ARADE — Miss Marian Mayes (left) daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Maycs of Biytheville, and Miss Margery Hale, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Hale of Burdette, have been named by Biytheville'^ Rotary Club lo ride in the Cotton Carnival parade on May 12 honoring the Lndies of the Realm. They'll also be on hand to welcome Carnival royalty at City Hall Monday at 4:30 p m. {Courier News Photo) White House Gives Hero's Reception to Salk Family By ED CREAGH r WASHINGTON {AP) — Kings and conquering generals have received less attention than the White House gave yesterday to Dr. Jonas E. Salk and his family as they arrived to receive from President Eisenhower the thanks of a grateful nation. Stenographers peered through doorways Presidential aides came out of their offices tor a look. Chief Aide Sherman Adams, sometimes said to be harder to reach than the President himself, came into the lobby, crouched down and had a chat with the three Salk youngsters. Then came the ceremony honor- .ng the developer of the vaccine against the dreaded polio. In the rose garden outside the President's office, the 40-year-old Salk, greying at the temples and a iUle stoop-shouldered, stood be- ,ween President Eisenhower and :>eamlng Secretary of Welfare Hobby. Eisenhower, had a handsomely got-up citation for Salk . . . "his- ,oric contribution to human welfare . . . a benefactor o( mankind." O'Connor, Too There was another for Basil O' Connor, president of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis —and a tribute by the Republican President to his new deal predecessor, Franklin D. Roosevelt, fur starting the Foundation and 'or "personal courage in overcoming the handicap of poliomyelitis." Standing behind the group sit the :nicrophones were Mrs. Salk, in a springlike mauv« outfit, and the }oys in slacks and sports jackets: Peter 11, red-haired and solemn. DarreH, 8, dark, alert and some- low amused at all the to-do. Jonathan, 5, a born imp—ready o tear off across the White House grounds at the slightest relaxtob if his mother's curbing hand. Before the presentation Eisen- lower, a man who lost a .son in childhood and who now has three grandchildren, took off his glasses and spoke a few words not written on any paper. "Dr. Salk." he said, in a voice See SALK on Page 8 Attorney General Rules: Part of Re-Assessment Bill Unconstitutional LITTLE ROCK. (AP) — The heart of Gov. Orval Faubus 1 plans for stepping up local support of public schools has been declared unconstitutional. ••-• '--••— •*• Atty. Gen. Tom Gentry yesterday ruled that one of the key sections of Act 153 of 1955—property re-assessment—WB.S unconstitutional. Unless reversed by the courts, his ruling has the effect of law. The law' ordered a "complete new appraisal and assessment by Jan. 1, 1957, of all property in the slate of Arkansas, both real and personal." Gentry ruled against Section 8 Traffic, Assault Cases Are Heard Two traffic cases and one assault with a deadly weapon case were heard in Municipal Court thio morning with the traffic cases resulting in forfeited bonds and the «ault case in a fine. Arthur Grider forfeited a Sill.75 bond on a charge of driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquors. In a case continued with Monday, April 11. C. P. Grider plead guilty Lo a charge of assault with a deadly weapon in which he was charged with hitMnc his wife over the head with a bottle, following an argument in the small cafe Uiey own and operate. Grider was fined S75 and costs, $25 of which was suspended during good behavior. Gridcr's wife was fined $20 and costs on another charge. J. E. Foe forfeited a $10 bond on a speeding charge. Rail Strike Spreads in Alabama By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The 41-day old strike by Louisville & Nashville Eailroad workers widened today as passenger and freight operations of three additional lines were curtailed at Birmingham. Ala. Picket lines were set up at the joint yards of the Illinois Central, Frisco Lines and the Central of Georgia, Pickets said the yara had- been handling freight from nonstriking crews ot the L&N, whose nonoperating crews have been on strike since March 14. The fresh trouble came as members of the National Mediation Board prepared to make new attempts to settle the Jong and costly dispute. Talks Planned The board planned talks with rail and union officials today, which was set recently at a meeting of Southern governors as a deadline for settlement of the strike involving 25,000 workers. . | The governors did not disclose! wl;at action, If any, (hey planned stumbling block is the union's demand for a Jointly financed health Insurance plan. Efforts are also planned today to settle the other big strike which has been in progress for 41 days In nine Southern states, involving 50,000 CIO communications workers against the Southern Bell Telephone Co. Governors of Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia scheduled a meeting in Atlanta with union and telephone company officials to aU tempt to end the walkout, which, like the railroad strike, has been marked by violence. Reasons Differ The phone company says a no- strike clause is holding up settlement. The union says wngds and an agreement for full arbitration are the chief Issues, not the no- Mrike clause. The violence which marked the first two days of the strike at the plant at appeared big Sperry Gyroscope Lake Success, N. Y., each* plant gate. In New York attorneys for the company and the CIO International Union of Electrical Workers agreed to accept a Stale Supreme Court justice as mediator. The union, which represents 9,000 of the 16,000 made idle at the company's three plants, also promised no more violence. The company manufactuer.s electronics equipment, mostly for the U.S. armed forces. In another major .strike, involving some 23,000.CIO textile workers against 24 mills in fo r New England states, there was some hope of .settlement, A federal mediator opened talks at Lewiston, Maine with representatives of the Bates Mfg. Co. and .spokesmen for 6,000 of the firm's workers who arc on strike. The htipe was for a pattern of settlement for all of the strikers. The chief Issue is wages. But R strike of 2,400 textile work- ITS at the HtmL&vtllc fAla.) ended after the striking union j Co. and ihc Lincoln Mills of Ala- of the bill, which provides: "County assessors shall be authorized to employ ';uch special deputies as may be necessary to preform the duties required by this act. The number of such special deputies and their compensation -shall not be limited by any other law related to the employment of deputy assessors and fixing their <omp*:nsation. The number of such special deputies in each county r.nd their rate of compensation shall be fixed by the county assessor with the approval of the county Jii&ge of such county." Legislative Function Gentry .said this section was "a unconstitutional attempt to delegate to the assessor the power to preform a legislative function, i.e., to determine the number and compensation of the special deputy assessors." Without the authority to hire .special deputy assessors, few as- .ses.sors will be able to appraise find re-assess by the 1957 deadline. Gentry's opinion, prepared by A.sst. Atty. Gen. James L. Sloan, went to Benton County School Supervisor L. J. Gnagey of Benton- vllle. To Visit Moscow NEW YOHK (/IV-Columbia University will send two representatives to Moscow University's 200Lh anniversary celebration May 7-15. Two Soviet educators attended Columbia's bicentennial last year. Chou Offers to Negotiate Far East Tension with US Chou Is Asked For Conference On U.S. Fliers Congressman Asks Meeting but Has Received No Reply BANDUNG, Indonesia (/P) — Rep. Adam Clayton Powell (D-NY) said today he has nskcd Communist Chinese Premier Chou En-la! for a conference on the ll U. S. fliers Imprisoned by the Peiping regime but has not yet received any answer. The New York Congressman told a news conference he made his request in a written note, clearly marked unofficial, delivered to Chou on Thursday. In it, he said he offered to meet with the Red Chinese leader anytime within 24 hours after the nole was delivered. No Acknowledgement Powell said he had not even received an acknowledgement of the note from the Peiping delegation. The New York Negro leader Is attending the Asian-African conference here as an unofficial observer. He said he had not consulted with U. S. diplomatic officials before writing the letter. The congressman said he had written Chou after receiving a cable from Glenn Neville, editor of the New York Daily Mirror suggesting he talk with Chou about the airmen. Powell said he sent Chou a second note today enclosing a copy of hU first one and asking for a reply. Paramount Importance He declared the questlon-of; the fliers was of paramount importance to the people of the United States. "I cannot stress to emphatically the Importance of this problem to all the people of the United States," Powell wrote Chou. "The discussion of such a problem could go far towards easing world tension, would It not therefore be of mutual benefit to both 0111 countries to discuss a mutual problem?" Powell said he believed the A.slnn African conference had developed Into a 'great and positive force for democracy." "One of the fine things about It that no one has been allowed Lo )ss It,' he said. "Everyone here Is on an equal level." Red China Doesn't Want War, Afro-Asia Meet Told By OLEN LLEMENTS BANDUNG, Indonesia (AP) — Premier Cliou En-lai of Red China offered today to negotiate with the United States on tensions in the Far East, including the Formosa area. , In a move interpreted as the launching if a new Communist peace offensive in Asia, Chou issued this formal statement at the Asian-African conference: 'Survival City to Feel Atom Bomb's Power In Nevada Test Tuesday By BILL BECKER LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AP) — You won't find Survival City, Nev., on any map, and you may never get a chance to. The atomic test suburb, or a portion of it, may be blown off the map Tuesday before the cartographers can even place it. 0. S. Crowe//, Cotton Buyer, Passes Here Services for Orlando S. Crowell, 48, cotton buyer in Northeast, Arkansas and Southeast Missouri for many years, who died at Chlcka- sawba Hospital early this morning will he conducted nt 2;30 p.m. tomorrow at Holt Funeral Home Chape! by the R«v. James W. Rainwater. Burial with graveside services will be at 2 p.m. Monday at Roselawn Cemetery In Little Rock, Mr. Crowell, who was associated ,vfth the B. B. Goodman Cotton Company, had lived in Blythevllle for the pnst nine years. Prior to coming to Blythcvtlle he :ived in Sikefiton for 11 years and in Memphis for a short time where h<? engaged In the cotton business. He was born in North Little Rock. Survivors includle his wife, Mrs. Svclyn Crowell; and one daughter, Barbara Nell Crowell. Pallbearers will be B. B. Goodman, J. F. McOalla, J. F, Montandon, Charley Gray, Ed Johnson and !. J. Cure. Honorary pallbearers will be W. S. Johnston, George W. WigRS, O. O. Hardaway. Dr. J. E. Beasley, Jurton Setloon, James Terry, J. E. Stevenson, Jim Roleson, Foy Etch- n, J. S. Manley, Ray Price, Loy Welch, Louis Applcbaum, B. L. Wll- Ron, Siegbert Jlcdcl, Jim Anderson, Ralph Rushing; J, B. Massey of Kennett, E. A, Bates of Leland, Miss., William Slkes of Stkeston. and A. R. Wet- 'nkamp, Nick Shfycly, Duncan Baylor, and David Gildart, all of Memphis. Death Toll Mounts SASEBO, Japan 'A'. — Police yes- erday increased 'a 73 their estimate of dead and missing in Saturday's giant landslide. All were •Diners and their families. Work, to Start on Osceola Clean-Up if t settlement li not niched. Ctllei | «gre«l to limit picket* to live it I bama was called (or Monday. OSCEOLA - Work »ill begin Monday morning on the Osceola Junior Service Auxiliary's spring clean-up and bcautlflcatlon campaign. Practically all the Inwn'J clubs are entering ID the project: First pruue or OM will be an inspection of property. Owners, whose grounds are littered and-or unclean, wlU be notified M to what recommendations are mad* 1 for bfitiutlflcatlon. Mrs. Ted Woods Is general liw went. Survival City—really, n section of your town and mine—is the target of the biggest atomic age civil defense test ever planned. How It stands the blast and .withering heat of a bigger than average A- bomb ittwy determine how well some American city survives enemy attack some day. The inultlmlllioir dollar test will put the nuclear torch to 10 homes, six Industrial structures, a radio station, two complete electrical power systems, gas line sections, gasoline tanks and four communications towers, each over 100 feet tall. The Federal Civil Defense Administration said Its portion of Operation Cue—official name for the project—Is costing $1,750,000 with Industry supplying more than million dollars worth of materials and equipment. More than 160 firms have contributed. The 500-foot tower from which the atomic device will be detonated shortly before clnwn cost 1164,000, More than 2,000 armed forces persoitncl, 400 civil defense workers and hundreds of Atomic ergy Commission worker's will participate In the test. At News Nob will be some 1,400 observers, Including 360 news, radio and TV- men. The observers will be about seven miles from Ground Zero and several hundred soldiers and a few reporters will be In 66 Patton 48 tanks only 3,100 yards away —less than two miles. For the first time women—both civilians nnd WACs—will bo In trenches at the 3,500-yard mark. It was Indicated several women will be among the 30 civil defense volunteers selected by lot today for upfront positions. Two thousand troops are slated for similar Mrs. Crawford's Mother Passes In Jonesboro Mrs. Maude Ray Himley, 7B, mother of Mrs. Dixie Crawford and a former Blylhevillc and Stccle resl- dnnt, died in a Jonesboro hospital yesterday. She had made her home with Mrs. Crawford In Jonesboro since the death of her husband In 1352. Survivors other than Mrs. Crawford. Include a son, Clarence Hanley, Concord, Calif., and 10 grandchildren. Services will be conducted at Holt Funeral Home chapel at 4 p.m. tomorrow by Dr. A. F. FogarUc, pastor of Jonefiboro's Fir.'it Presbyterian Church. Juria! will be in Maple Grove Ccmctary. Pallbearers will include Gordon Matthews, Bob Purycar and Jim Reeve.s, Joncfiboro; Sims Mlchio, Steele, and J. L. Marr and W. Marion Williams, Blythevllle, Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS ~ Mostly cloudy with occasslonul showers and thunderstorms this afternoon and tonight. Cooler tonight. Sunday partly cloudy and mild. High ;oday mid-SOs, low tonight In the 50's. MISSOURI — Showers and thunderstorms thw afternoon and tonight with locally heavy amounts of rain; cooler Sunday partly cloudy md much cooler; low tonight 50 ex- -rerne northwest to 60-65 southeast; iigh Sunday 60'« northwest to 70's southeast. Mnxlmum yo«terday—88. Minimum ihln morning— 09. Hunrlftc this morning—S :19. Sunnct today—fl:3ft. Mftan tcmjicmturc—78.5, Precipitation taut 24 hour* to 7 p.m —none. Precipitation .Inn. 1 to date—20.flS. Thli Date I,*it Year Mnxlmum ycstfirdfty—85, Minimum this morning— -83. Precipitation January 1 to dftl* — A.M. trench spots. In the homes will be mannequin families. In shelters, some of them within a half-mile of the detonation tower, will be test animals, probably mice and rats. Survival City includes four homes at 4,700 feet, one at 5,500 feet, three at 10,600 feet and two at loaat 15,000 feet awuy. Some of the houses are furnished, and mny give a line on the heat-burn resistance of fabrics and other materials . There arc six one-story homes along Atomic Alley, four two-story houses. Two tiomea have concrete bathroom bomb shelters with steel- reinforced wnllfl eight Inches thick. ' ffiloclrlc companies lutvo set up two big power lino' complexes at 4,700 and 10,600 feet, serving the homes at those points. These are complete with transmission towers, transformer*] and rows of power poles. Gas lines include UBC of live gas at one point. All types of radio equipment and typical suburban telephone switchboard have been Installed. Lines are expected to be busy at 5:20 a.m. come Tuesday, "The Chinese people are friendly to the American people. The Chinese people do not want to have a war with the United States of America. "The Chinese government Is willing to sit down and enter into negotiations with the United'Statea to discuss the question of relaxing tension in the Far East, especially the question of relaxing tension In the Taiwan (Fovmor ) area." Premier Mohammed Alt of Pakistan said he had forwarded Chou'i statement lo Washington with some suggestions of his own. "I think it Is a great move for relaxing tension, particularly In the critical Far East," All added. "It was my understanding that tha negotiations would wait for an answer from the United States.'* After, Luncheon The Chou statement waa Issued after an Informal luncheon conference that included representatives of the Colombo powers, sponsors of the Asian-African meeting; Thailand, China and the Philippines. The five Colombo powers are India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Ceylon and Burma. Chou had told the luncheon conference the Peiping regime WAS ready to negotiate on Formosa, but did not specifically single out the United States a* he did In the formnl statement, delegates present said. Burma's Premier U Nu, .who has assumed the role of an East-West negotiator and plans a trip to'the United States, called Chou'i statement "a good step toward ending world tension." Prime Minister Nehru of India refused Immediate comment. The statement was not issued at a regular conference session and many delegates did not itnow about it. Want Direct Negotiation* Immediately after the statement was released, a Chinese delegation See CHOU an l'»fC 8 * # # U.S. Officials Cautious Of Chou's Statement By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — American officials reacted with extreme caution today to Red China Premier Chou En-lai's expressed readiness to negotiate on Formosa. They said, however, it may be his most determined effort so far to break out of diplomatc and economic isolation. Formal State Department com- when nn opportunity occurred. Previous Statement* Authorities recalled that Chou has expressed willingness to negotiate a Formosa settlement on several occasions. But h. has yet to ment was withheld. Officials waited for a cable from BamlmlK, Indonesia, where Chou 'lectured his country ready to negotiate will) the United Slalc.i to relieve len- slon.s In the Far East, especially In he Formosa area. At Gettysburg, Pa., a reporter early In the morning telephoned the text of Chou's statement to score service agents at President Elsenhower's farm. The Presldnt The agents said the President apparently had no' risen, but they promised to try and give the test of the message to Elsenhower Eight Joycees To State Meet Eight members of the Blythe- vllle Junior Chamber of Commerce were in Harrison today for the annual convention of the Arkansas Jayceea, The group left, In two cars yesterday for the three-day event. Attending were President Bill Hra- bov.iky, second vice president Ted SourzIk,as, Frank Harshman, Joe Warren. Charles Moore, P. D. Foster, Jr.. Chester Caldwell. Jr., and Bryce Layson. The BlythcvlIIe club is sponsoring the candidacy of Joe Warren for state vice president. The local organization also submitted eight scrapbooks In awards competition including a 136-page book on last year's National Cotton Picking Contest. Steele Prisoner Escapes from Pen CARUTHEKSVILLE - Pemiscot County sheriff's office has been notified thnt Arthur Lee Wilson, Rt. 3. Slccle. hns cscnpted from the Missouri Penitentiary In Jefferson City. He escaped yesterday nfter serving about four roontlw of a two- year sentence for grand larceny. Wilson l« 4.1, stands 5-10 and wrighi 100 pound*. say he would accept a Nationalist China participant. Officials said he would probably get little support from other Far East nations if he again tried to bypass Chiang Kai- shek, Nationalist leader. Accepting a Chiang representative would In effect be conceding for the first time that another China exists, officials said. Chiang would be recognizing the existence of the Pelping regime for the first time If he sent a representative to such a parley. American officials found especially interesting Chou's expressed willingness to discuss all Far East points of friction. Presumably, that would Include a Korea peace treaty, nn Indochina settlement, and release of 16 American airmen and about 30 American civilians held by Peiping. City Puts Up Three Stop Lights Motorists are warned to watch for the three new stop light* the city has Installed and which went Into operation yesterday, accord- In? to city police. A light has been Installed at 21st Street and Rose or Hlfhwaj 18. Lights have been Installed at the Intersections of Mcfianej and Highway 61 and at Brawler and Highway 61. All three llchti are now In operation and motorist* are Mk«4 to regard them a* they do other stop light* In the city. TViewtrt: DST Tomorrow Reminder to TV fans: Beginning tomorrow you had better turn your set on one hour earlier to ottoh your favorite program!. Daylight savings time foot Into effect In practically all section* of the nation, particularly nutropoM- MM*, M I a.m.

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