The Eagle from Bryan, Texas on October 13, 1952 · Page 8
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The Eagle from Bryan, Texas · Page 8

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Bryan, Texas
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Monday, October 13, 1952
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Page 8
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EIGHT THE BRYAN DAILY EAGLE. BRYAN. TEXAS MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1953 Forget Fear of Tarantulas; They're Not Reputed Killers COLLEGE STATION. Oct. 13 __“Forget your fear of tarantulas. They’re not the killers they are cracked up to be.” That’s the advice of Dr. Dial F Martin, professor in the Department of Entomology at Texas A&M College. The popular mvth about the power of the tarantula’s bite has been found completely without foundation. This overgrown spider should be treated with respect but not terror, Dr. Martin says. The tarantula’s bite is about equal to the sting of a bee or red ant,’* the entomologist sa:d. ‘The venom probably is compounded of a similar material to that of the ant. which uses formic acid as a base,” Only a few years ago a newspaper recounted the experience of a native of the Ozark mountains who’d just bought a new car. which he parked in his yard. One morning the man climbed into his car and drove out onto a twisting road which ran alongside a steep drop-off. Chancing to look down at the floor-board on the passenger side, he saw a huge tarantula staring at him. Then and there he left the car which crashed down the mountain-side while he leaped onto the road, receiving severe bruises and abrasions. The newspaper article stated that he lost the car, of course; it was completely destroyed; but that he considered himself extremely fortunate to escape the bite of this fearsome spider. Don’t let the tarantula’s ferocious appearance fool you. Dr. Martin cautions. For it really is a vicious-looking arthropod, with its two-to-five-inch leg span and huge, hairy body. On the other hand, the aran- tula is not a toy for children, any more than a bee or an ant is a toy. Some persons who were bitten by tarantulas have had large and painful swellings, even been ill for a time. But ant and bee stings cause the same effects in certain persons. Far more people have hurt themselves trying to escape from tarantulas than have been even slightly injured by them. The greatest danger from the spider’s bite is self-induced shock by a victim who thinks he faces certain death. Traditionally the tarantula has been credited with awesome power, including an effect called “tarantism,” widely known in Europe during the middle ages. From this reputation comes the present-day terror of these comparatively harmless spiders. Concerning tarantulas and “tarantism," the Cambridge Natural History says: “The bite of the spider was supposed to induce a species of madness which found its expression—and its cure— in frantic and extravagant contortions of the body. Ift the dance was not sufficiently frenzied, death ensued. In the case of survivors, the symptoms were said to recur on the anniversary of the bite. Particular descriptions of music were supposed to incite the patient to the excessive exertion necessary for his relief; hence the name “Tarantella.” “In the middle ages epidemics of ‘tarantism’ were of frequent occurrence and spread with alarming rapidity. They were seizures of an hysterical character, analogous to the ancient Bacchic dances, and quite unconnected with the venom of the spider from which they took their name. The condition of exaltation and frenzy was contagious and would run through whole districts, with its subsequent relapse to a state of utter prostration and exhaustion. The evil reputation of the tarantula appears to have exceedingly little basis in fact.” About 50 species of tarantulas are known to exist in the U. S., chiefly in the Southwest areas. They range in size and appearance from the small, fuzzy black ones which are some two or more inches in leg span—with the legs drawn into natural position—to the larger, soft brown ones with longer hair and a five- inch leg span. 0 In numerous experiments with those species found in the U. S., none has been known to kill a larger animal than a rat. Only four rats of the large number used, died from the bite or m* jection. Reports have been received of one species in the Panama Canal area which can kill a guinea pig. Dr. Martin said. Dr. Martin is a native of Upshur county in East Texas. He is a graduate of A&M College, having received the B. S. degree in 1939 and the M. S. degree in 1942. He received the Ph.D. degree in 1950 from Iowa State College. NEW YORK, Oct. 13 (/P)—The most common criminal in America today is neither the burglar, the bandit nor the shady opium salesman. No law really protects thepub- lic against him. He operates with a smooth tongue instead of a gun, he rarely is strung from a gallows as some think he deserves and yet every year he walks away scotfree with millions. Who is this bold rascal? Weil, it is probably you—the ordinary book thief. “But I’m not a book thief.” you protest. “Why, I never stole a book in my life.” Oh, yes you did. If you go inspect your books right now, the chances are that you’ll find it a book that says “Stolen from the library of—.” And the name written thereon won't be your own. Could Go to Court “But I didn’t really steal it— I only borrowed it,” you say, and add virtuously: “And I certainly intend to return it.” Maybe. But you probably have had it for years. The real owner wanted it back long ago—and if that isn't thievery, what It is? But among book lovers there is a tolerant recognition oi nu- man frailty and a general live- and-let-live policy. And of course each knows the other fellow may break down sometiifie and buy a book worth borrowing himself. The true professional book thief is a scoundrel who steals precious volumes only to barter there priceless products of the human spirit for filthy cash. There is also the occasional kleptomaniac who has such a compulsion to take what doesn’t belong to him that he will rent a $10 hotel room just for a chance to lift a Gideon Bible. Happy Amateurs But most of America's millions of book thieves are happy amateurs, wno preier to oe Known as “long-term borrowers.” I doubt if I have read any of the scores of books I bought myself in the last 10 years. They never stay in my house long enough. But I never fail to read a book I “borrow,” and I am honest enough to say I never borrowed one with the real intention of returning it. But my private library is an open shelf—of other people’s books. I’ll match it against any man’s, and the odds are it contains at least one book that belongs to him. Try an Eagl# Want Adï VETERAN MOVIE ACTOR; TOP DIRECTOR DIES PACIFIC PALISADES, Calif., Oct. 13 (/P )—Jack Conway, 65, who played the lead in what is believed to be Hollywood’s first movie—“Her Indian Hero”—died yesterday of a pulmonary ailment. The silent film actor later became a top director. He brought to the screen such films as “Boom Town,” “Viva Villa,” “A Tale of Two Cities” and “The Hucksters.” MACHINE GUN BLASTS QUELL PRISON RIOT TRENTON. N. J., Oct. 13 f/P)— About 20 knife-wielding con- l victs barricaded themselves !n a wing of Trenton State Prison last night in a two-hour riot that was quelled by machine-gun blasts. Three guards had been held as hostages, but were rescued unharmed in this fourth major outbreak in the prison this year. FALL FATAL TO MSA MAN IN FORMOSA TAIPEH, Formosa, Oct. 13 OP) —Dr. James A. Monroe of the U. S. Mutual Security Agency in Formosa, fell to his death from a bridge yesterday while climbing Mt. Alishan in Central Formosa. Several U. S. authorities left Taipeh today to recover the body. GO YOUR SAVINGS! at this low, low price! Dr. Carlton R. Lee OPTOMETRIST Phone 303A E. 26 2-1662 NORGE REFRIGERATOR ONLY HURRY! Just A few U/tl BETTER HONES Phone 2-1642 Coulter at Cavitt Sales and Service \W\VW\\\'\\V \...LET WE PAIN \P!TTER PATTER \\\\\ \\x) DOESN'T MATTER rf V RM Hi* \ ! v \ \ I; INIs w 1 \ mfírn 1' \\jff , v\ . ,.\ \OF iàiel:Wiiii - j € It I Ik U VII 1 W Mark jUg U&A&jCotiVel WINDOWS and DOORS CtimaHc «Ktrem«* pr»t«nt no probtam — with CLIARVIfW Th«*« beautiful, practical windows shed ram when open for ventilation. They reduce glare and heat ray*, and make for cooler temperotur*» within. And they can always be closed tight — and they're weatherstripped against storms •r eiicestive cold. May we show you some recent installations and submit estimates? ALUMINUM MAMfS PlATf GtASS ANO AlUMINUM IOUVERS STMNUSS STHl WiATHERST#M>PlN<J INSIDE REMOVABLE SCREENS A PICTURE WINDOW BRYAN GLASS CO. # 3 Years io Pay on F. H. A. Title II # Free Estimates 2111 College Rd. Ph. 2 8490 0CT-12-18 THISOIL PROGRESS WEEK >nsi : I mÊKÊmÊÊÊmèt iliuàÉlâÉ &¡a81ÉÉÉ«Í lexans have a natural interest in the oil industry, wb:°h is so important in their State, and in the progress made since Oil Progress Week was last observed. Here are a few quick facts: NSW WELLS During the twelve months ending August 31, 1952, the Texas oil industry drilled 17,000 new wells, at a cost of over $700 million. Most of the heavy expense of drilling these new wells was paid from earnings plowed back into the development of the State’s oil resources. PRODUCTION Production has reached a record level. Texas currently is producting about 46 per cent of all the crude oil produced in the U. S. In the year ending August 31, Texas production totaled about 1,015 million barrels. There are now 133,800 producing oil wells in Texas. RESERVE$ Proved oil reserves in Texas of IS billion barrels represented 57 per cent of the U. S. total at the beginning of 1952. During 1951, the last year for which figures are available, proved reserves increased two billion barrels. These are developed oil reserves and the figure is important: developed reserves supply our needs currently and provide reserve capacity that is immediately available when we need it. TAXES The Texas oil industry continues to be the largest tax-payer in the State. Through the year ending August 31, gross production taxes alone on Texas oil and natural gas amounted to more than $137 million; in addition, the industry pays large amounts in other taxes. REFININO The Texas refineries will have a big year. They now employ, in round number*, 46,000 Texans, and process about 28% of all the oil refined in the U. S. The daily refining capacity of all Texas refineries exceed* 2,000,000 barrels. A program to expand and improve these facilities has been gen* eral throughout the industry. TRANSPORTATION The total mileage of Texas' trunk pipe lines for oil and finished products is over 29,000. This low-cost transportation system is a major factor in the maintenance of the low prices you pay for petroleum product*. HUMBLE TEXAS OPERATIONS Twelve Months Ending August 31, 1952 Well* Drilled.......................................... ..... 891 Average Production, in barrels daily , • , , 330,100 Employees in Texas, August 31........................17,775 Baytown Refinery: Average crude runs to stills, barrels daily ..................................................... 249,310 Humble Pipe Line Co. operates 5,895 miles of trunk lines for oil and finished products, which had trans. ported a daily average of 722,600 barrels in the year ending August jl. In brief, the Texas oil industry during the past year continued to do its part in meeting the demand for oil. It has expanded pipelines to provide low-cost transportation. It has improved facilities for making more and better petroleum products for your use. Today, two gallons of gasoline do work that required three gallons in 1925; and the gasoline costs no more than it did then. HUMBLE OIL & REFINING CO HUMBLE PIPE LINE CO A

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