The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 20, 1955 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, April 20, 1955
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WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1MB BLTTHEVILLf (ARK.) COURIER NBWS PAGE THRU Einstein's Disputed Statements Were Clues to His Human Side League of Independent Voters for Roosevelt In 1944 and endorsed FDR for a fourth term, saying "It would be very dangerous to change leadership now." Until the rise of the Nazis, Einstein had been an ardent pacifist. But in 1939,lie issued a statement declaring that as an "active pacifist" he now believed war justifiable against "war-making brigands." Einstein was wholeheartedly behind this country's war effort. In 1944 he donated the prized manuscript of his theory of relativity and an unpublished work to spur the sale of bonds for the fourth war bond drive. 1 Einstein was one of those instrumental in getting President Roosevelt to go ahead with the Manhattan District Project for the development of the atom bomb. Although it Was Einstein's theories that paved the way for the release of atomic energy, Einstein did not work on the actual development ol the A-bomb and insisted later: Not Father ot A-Bomb "I do not consider myself the father of the release of atomic energy." He said.he did not foresee that it would be released in his time. I believed only that it was theoretically possible." He gave credit for the practical application of his theory to "the accidental discovery of the chain reaction by Neils Bohr in Berlin." Bohr, h i m s e 1 i , misinterpreted what he discovered, Einstein added, and "it was Lise Meitner, who provided the correct interpretation and escaped from Germany to place the information in the hands of Danish physicist Niels Bohr, who brought It to the Unid Sats." "Einstein, along with many other atomic scientists, felt a keen responsibility to society for the creation of the atom bomb. He was sorely troubled by the fact that! atomic energy had first been I used for destructive purposes. But he was sure "the discovery of nuclear chain reactions need: not bring about the destruction of' slled by "a passionate :ues far removed from mankind any more than th* dii covery of matches." . . Einstein also looked at construction of the hydrogen bomb with misgivings. He said it would bring within range of technical possibility "radioactive poisoning of the atmosphere and hence annhilation of any life on earth," Einstein got into the middle of a major controversy in, 1953 over the methods employed by congrei sional committees investigating communism in the United States. He advised "every intellectual' called before such a committee to refuse to testify. He said he would do the same if called. He took this stand Just a few months after receiving the $1,000 annual Lord and Taylor Department Store award in New York City for "intellectual adventuring." At that time, he had commented facetiously that a congressional committee might .well check into the dangers of conformist thinking and the uncritical mind. By far his greatest honor was the Nobel Prize in physics awarded in 1921. A 10 million dollar Albert Einstein College of Medicine was started in 1953 as a part of Yeshiva College in New York. 1 By FRANCES LEH'INE PRINCETON, N. J. (AP) — Albert Einstein said he'was com sense of social justice and social responsibility" to take stands on i the problems of theoretical physics and mathematics. Einstein, who died Monday, made political statements that were widely disputed, many were misunderstood. But they all provided further clues to the human side of this great man. It took courage at times foi Einstein to continue his comments In the face of persona! attacks by those who opposed him. He spoke out against Nazis and Fascists, espoused the cause ol Zionism and world government, rebelled against attacks on civil liberties and urged commutation of the death sentence for atomic spies Ethel and Julius Rosenberg. Einstein, born in Germany, had been a citizen of three countries. In his youth, he let his German citizenship lapse while he lived In Italy with his family. As a university student, he acquired Swiss -citi- icnship and later, he became naturalized citizen of the United States. Honorary Citizenship Germany conferred honorary citizenship on its famous son when Einstein was appointed a professor at the Prussian Academy of Set ence in Berlin in 1914. But, with his usual concern over politics, Einstein waited until Germany became a republic in 1919 before he accepted this honor. When the Nazis came to power, Einstein stood up against the persecution of his fellow Jews and later renounced his German citizenship. He said he -would not set foot in Germany while Hitlerism prevailed. For his outspoken attacks on the Nazis, Einstein was declared "an enemy of the state." He became a voluntary exile from Germany, which only a few years earlier had declared a national holiday to celebrate his 50th birthday in 1929. On Oct. 9, 1933, Einstein sailed in secrecy from London because of threats on his life by the Nazis. He came to the Institute for Advanced Study in - Princeton, which was Just being opened officially a* a center -where scientists, scholars and their pupils might work to push beyond the present limits of human knowledge. Twelve years before, in 1921, Einstein had given a series of lectures at Princeton. This time, he was given a lifetime post as head of the institute's school of mathematics. At the age of 65 he became professor emeritus at the institute, but continued work as usual despite the honorary title that usually denotes retirement. Einstein said he found "ideal working and living conditions" in America. When he became a naturalized citizen in 1940, he said he felt in America "the most valuable thing in life is possible—the development of the individual and his creative powers." First Vote In 1940 In the United States, he added, "human • dignity has been developed to such a point that it would be impossible for people to endure life under a system in which the individual is only a slave of the slate." Einstein cast his first ballot at Princeton's Borough Hall Nov. 6, 1940. He joined the New Jersey Benny Honored At Banquet for Aid to Israel CHICAGO vet — Comedian Jack Benny and a Chicago theatre executive were honored at a testimonial dinner last night at which 650 persons each bought a $1.000 Israel government bond. Benny was cited for hli aid to the state of Israel and was presented the first Israel "Oscar," a map of Israel. The dinner was given for Jack Kirsch, president of the Al- ied Theatres of Illinois, by the Greater Chicago Israel Bond Committee. He was presented a plaque made from copper mined in King Solomon's ancient mines in Israel. George Go6e/ Gets Award HOLLYWOOD Iff) — The Mas- quers Monday night presented its George Spelvin Award to George Gobel "for his great contribution to entertainment." In a rare tribute, many of show business' old timers honored and ribbed Gobel is four hours of speechimiking. The show business club seldom, if ever, has so honored one so comparatively new to big- time entertainment. Art Unkletter was toastmastei 1 at the dinner and said he was chosen because "they couldn't find any comedians to say any gracious Mi Ings about Gobel." Gobel was toasted and praised in language, mostly unprintable, by such as Leon Ames, Gene Autry Preston' Foster, Joe Frisco, Jack Haley, Don Hartman, Alan Mowbray, Pat O'Brien, Edgar Bergen, Walter Brennan, Wally Ford and Rhys Williams. In the audience were many more great oldtime names, including Stan Laurel and silent screen star Jack Mulhnll. Today, Gobel flies to New York to accept the ,peabody Award as j television's comedian of'the year. Why Trop -Artie Oil Can Double Engine Life ITS PEHFOHMIXCE THAT COUNTS! Some motor oils give ecod protection at low temperatures. Other oils are effective at high temperatures. But new TROP-ARTic All -Weather motor oil gives protection at all temperatures, from below zero to extremely high heat. So it's ei$y to see why TROP-ARTic is so much better than ordinary motor oils at preventing engine wear ... so much better that it can even double engine life. TROP- ARTIC lets you start easier . . . saves you gasoline . . . and can save 15# to 4 5 % on oil consumption. Phillips 66 TROP.ARTIC is thejfrtf all-weather oil to meet the highest standard ever established for automobile motor oils . . . the Mil-0-2104 Supplement I Test. Get new TROP.ARTIC Motor Oil from your Phillips 66 Dealer. Remember, it's performance thai counts! /Tf P£M9*MANCC THAT OX/NTS/ SEE YOUR PHILLIPS 66 DEALER I DISTRIBUTED IN BLYTHEVILLE AREA BY K. L. lAKK W M/llJ Distributors Phillips Fttrokum Products hatwring KROIHLER Cushionized Furniture $ 50 FOR YOUR OLD SUITE On A New Suite By Kroehler KROEHLER Geniune OAM RUBBER PRICE OF SUITE ........... $249.95 YOUR OLD SUITE WORTH $50.00 YOU PAY ONLY •fflf? TMM F9KHITURE VALUE BUY YOU'VE BEEi LOOKIH9 FOR! KROEHLER TWIN SECTIONAL SOFA All Nylon Cover EASY TERMS 100% Nylon Cover Sofa priced at ......... $239.95 Your old sofa worth ..... 50.00 YOU PAY ONLY $ 189 All the fine features of famous Kroohler "Cushionized" construction plus the bright new styling of Ihe nationally advertised "Boulevard" group by KroeMor. This Big Trade-in Offer Applies to Any Kroehler Living Room Suite in Our Stock —for 10 Days Only! HUBBARD & SON Furniture Phone 3-4409 "Cash Talks at Hubbard's" Blytheville

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