The Courier News from ,  on April 15, 1955 · Page 11
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The Courier News from , · Page 11

Issue Date:
Friday, April 15, 1955
Page 11
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FRIDAY, APRIL 18,19W BLTIHIV1UJ (AWL) OXJBIBR KKWI PAGE ELBV» REVIEW- FORECAST Cattle in Cotton land: High Costs Making Beef Tough Problem. For Farmers in Delta PAYETTEVILLE — A three- year study of beef cattle herds on Arkansas Delta cotton farms showed that high costs, both for pastures and for other feed, prevented many of the farmers from realizing a return on their investments of time and money. The study was conducted by assistant rural economist John D. Campbell of the University of Arkansas' Agricultural Experiment Station staff. Mr. Campbell interviewed the owners of 60 herds in 1951, 61 herds in 19S2, and 70 herds in 1953, to obtain information on their physical inputs and outputs, costs and returns. Most of the enterprises studied were cow-and-calf herds. The value of the feed used was a major cost for these farmers, averaging more than half the value of the beef produced in each of the three years. This makes low-cost feed Imperative. About a ton of roughage and from 200 to 300 pounds of concentrates per animal unit were fed by most of the farmers. The feed used for some of the herds was too expensive to leave any profit, even though other costs were kept low. It was found that farmers in the area generally encountered high costs on cropland pastures because of the cost, of land, seeding and reseeding, fertilizers, and mowing. Levee pastures or other low-cost pastures were used by some farmer§ to .reduce costs. In some cases,, miscellaneous Items of expense and cost of labor exceeded the necessary requirements. Even though such items are usually minor, they deserve attention as a means of cutting costs, Mr. Campbell points out. Production was low in many instances, resulting in low gross returns. Among the more common reasons were small calf crops and high death losses. Bangs disease was reported as a common cause of the low, percentage calf crops, and other diseases and bloat were reported as common causes of deaths. The survey indicated the need for owners of beef cattle herds on Delta cotton farms to make a record or estimate of all expenses and returns on their beef cattle and then study the results. The returns from time spent in this way would compare favorably with returns from time otherwise spent, Mr. Campbell believes. WARNING ORDER IN THE CHANCERY COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPPI COUNTY, ARKANSAS Henry Buchanan, Pltf. vs. No. 12,959 Sahra Buchanan, Dft. The defendant, Sahra Buchanan, Is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named In the captiovi hereof and answer the complaint of the plaintiff, Henry Buchanan. Dated this 7th day of April, 1955. GERALDINE LISTON, Clerk. By DONNA SIMMONS, D. C. SEAL T. J. Crowder, Atty for Pltf. Percy A. Wright, Atty Ad. Lltem. 4/8-15-22-29 South Pemiscot Oil Co. ANNOUNCES the opening of its new Anhydrous Ammonia Plant Now In Operation Located at site of PHILLIPS 66 BULK PLANT Steele, Missouri When soil locks Nitrogen, crops on disappointing. That's why you need Phillips 66 Agricultural Ammonia. This 82% Nitrogen fertilizer produces ropid early growth for better grazing, larger crop production! Apply it directly to soil with tractor equipment, or meter it into irrigation water. See in for full informa- tion on Phillips 66 Agricultural Ammonia. —Also dealer for, applicators— SOUTH PEMISCOT OIL CO. Ph. 117 —STEELE, MO.— Ph. 273 —Serving S.E. Missouri & Surrounding Territory— Weather And Crop Bulletin (Complied by cooperative ef- forte of USDA, Eitencion Service, Depirtment of Commerce and University of Arkansas Collet* of Agriculture.) Near normal temperatures with frequent light to moderate, and a few locally heavy showers, were favorable for crop growth. The weekly mean temperature for 21 stations was 60 degrees, which I* just 1 below the normal. The highest weekly mean reported was G degrees at several stations, and tile lowest was 55 degrees at Fayett*ville. Temperatures ranged from 29 degrees at Gilbert on the 8th to 83 degrees at Newport and Stuttgart on the 5th. The average rainfall for the week was 1.10 Inches. Weekly totals ranged from sprinkles too light to measure at Georgetown, to 2.66 Inches at Pine Bluff. Small grain crops were more seriously damaged by the freezes in late March than was evident at first. Heavy losses occurred in fields which. had made a lush, rank growth and had begun to joint. Fields which were somewhat late or had been grazed rather closely seem to have been damaged very litle, and are now making a good recovery. Many fields of spring oats, which were killed out ,are being reseeded. Some wheat was completely destroyed and is being plowed under, although the full extent of the freeze damage is still difficult to appraise. Land preparation for spring crops was delayed much of the week by wet weather, and some farmers are behind with their work. The situation is not serious but farmers would like to have a couple of weeks of clear weather, as the main planting season Is now close at hand. The subsoil moisture situation is more favorable than at the start of the past two seasons. A limited acreage of COTTON was planted during the week in a few counties, and planting will get underway on a more extensive scale the next 10 days if weather permits. Most of the activity in cotton fields so far has been the application of fertilizer, turning under of cover crops and general seedbed preparation. CORN planting Is expected to begin on a large scale as soon as fields are dry enough. Some upland fields were planted the past week. ALFALFA was frozen back but is growing out rapidly. Some of the freeze damaged alfalfa has been cut for hay as a salvage measure. Some LESPEDEZA is being re- seeded where killed by the freezes but seed prices are high and it appears that not all of this acreage will be reseeded. Land is being prepared for the planting of SOYBEANS and KI(JE. Some rice has been seeded in the southeastern part of the State. New STRAWBERRY clusters are being formed and some beds are blooming again since the freeze but the harvest still promises to be ate. New plantings continue In many counties. TOMATOES are being transplanted to fields in South Arkansas as weather conditions permit. Transplanting will be made rapidly as soon as 1 the soil dries out. Most other VEGETABLE crops are now being planted in central and southern areas. Middle-aged SPINACH is making remarkable recovery in the Van Buren area since the freezes and harvest will be resumed about mid-April. Replanted MUSTARD GRKENS and TURNII' GRKENS are reported up to a good stand in Crawford County. FARM GARDENS that ***£*£ JOHN DEfct* 60on If you prefer to hum Liquefied Petroleum (propane and butane here) are brand-new tractors to meet your every need—specially-designed John Deere, "60" and "70" Tractors that are highly efficient on LP-Gas and develop essentially (he same horsepower as gasoline-burning "60's" and "70's". The new John Deere LP-Ga* Tractors art factory-engineered in every detail. They offer higher engine compression ra- iios, cold manifold, special LP-Gas carburetor, new-type ignition with resistor by-pass and many other features to give you maximum efficiency and economy on Liquified Petroleum. You've got to see these new tractors to really appreciate them. Stop at our store. Check these tractors. Note the clean compact design. See how much more you get in a John Detr* "60" or "70" LP-Gas Tractor. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. S. Highway 61 Ph. 3-4434 Something to Think About By GERTRUDE B. MUMAN Couty Home DemoMtraMod At"« Con<ratulaUoni, Falrvlew According to the highway people, Fairview roadside park it the only one in the state that is kept up by the home demonstration club., , . . ... i Have you seen their roadside park? It is beautiful and here are some things the club members and he Highway Department have done to make the park t very worthwhile project. There are three tables with seats, an outdoor furnace, pump for water, trash can with lid, a place to register, an automatic !i"ht that conies on at 6:00 o'clock and goes off at 10:00 o'clock p.m. The club has also had an outdoor toilet built for the convenience of those stopping. According to the note book, people have stopped there from many different states. Mrs. Same Bell donated the land and the H. D. 'members have beautified the plot by sodding with grass, setting out trees and flowers. The club pays lo keep it mowed, paper picked up and wood supplied to make fires. Clean-Up Campaign April is clean-up month for H.D. club members. How about everyone joining them in doing your blf in making Mississippi County a cleaner and safer place to live? The first line of defense against a fire is a clean home and farm. So, allow the children and teenagers to join in on the spring clean-up campaign. Here are several things to do for clean-up work for fire safety. Get rid of rubbish such as old magazines, newspapers, clothing, rags, or mattress or discarded furniture. Check the attic, closets, basement and other places of storage, particularly the barn. Rid the farm yard of winter trash, dried weeds, grass and leaves around the buildings and along fences. Clean up the machine shop and the work bench. Dispose of shavings, oily rags and old paints and oils. * Check all eJeetrical equipment and power machinery. Have a competent electrician make any needed repairs. Clean stoves, furnaces and chimneys in both farm house and out- Negroes Plan Competition Tomorrow The 33rd annual Brfrad Contest and Dress Revue will be held.,Saturday at the Osceold Rosenwnld High School In Osceola. Home Demonstration Women »nd 4-H Club girls throughout the county will take part In this activity. The program for the day will begin at 9:30 a.m. The exhibits will feature homemade breads and cake* In the bread division; and church dresses, and other work girmeatfi in the dress dlivsion. Highlight of the show will be the dress revu« which will Uke place in the afternoon during which each were destroyed by March freezes have been or are being replanted. Some IRISH POTATO fields are also being replanted. The State's FRUIT crop prospects are unchanged. There will be few PEACHES in any oroa and practically no APPLES In Northwestern Arkansas. The GRAPE crop will be very light. PASTURES are recovering from the severe March freezes—quite rapidly in some counties, particularly in South Arkansas. CATTLE are reported In excellent condition In much of Southeast Arkansas and In fair to good condition elsewhere. FLIES, GNATS, and MOSQUITOS are presenting a problem In some herds. lying buildings. The second line of defense is farm fire fighting equipment. This should be regularly checked. An adequate supply of water is also a must on every farm just ns a fire extinguisher is. Buy an approved fire extinguisher and place it near the danger spots, the barn, 'machine shop and storage tanks of gasoline and kerosene. A garden hose and water buckets should be placed in various places in and around buildings. Ladders to reach the highest roof tops and windows should be available. A pump tnnk or sprayer, fire swatter, wet brooms, or Wet burlap bags should be on hand to fight field fires. The best time to fight a fire is long before It starts. Start now on the spring clean-up and prepare for a fire when it does come. It's Time To Use poisoned bran bait to control cutworms before setting: tomato plants. Apply aluminum sulphate (alum) to hydrangeas, if rich blue flowers are desired. Fertilize all roses with 5-10-5 or 4-12-4 commercial fertilizer. Plant marigolds, zinnias, cosmos, and other tender annuals outdoors ns soon as danger of frosl is past. Some may be started sooner in hotbed or flats indoors. Seed Bermuda grass from now to June l. Recommended seeding rate is four pounds per acre on well prepared seedbed. Drill the recommended fertilizer with the sed for best results. Changing Rice Picture Studied Bullatin Dealt With What to Do With Acreage P A Y E T T E V I L I, E — Ar- tans&s rice farmers who face changing production prac- Ices, pi-ices, snct market outlook will find a new publication by the University of Arkansas' Agrlcul- ,ural Experiment Station extreme- y informative. Farmers must find other profitable uses for land taken out of rice because of changing condl- ,ions, and the bulletin, "Enterprise fosts and Returns on Rice Farms", by M. W. Slusher, rural economist, is designed to provide data useful In making necessary changes. The bulletin is ft revision of one originally published In lfM7< Rice farming requires a relatively heavy investment in machinery and equipment, oven on small farms. At 195-1 prices, n farm of 120 acres or less required an Investment of $22.800 Including allowance for combine harvesting and a pumping plant. Labor, power, and equipment ire the major requirements for crop production. Provision is first made for handling the maximum acreage of rice, with oats, lespedeza, soybeans, corn, and cotton added to fill out the farm organization and utilize thcf acuities not required for rice. Harvesting rice by the combine method requires 14 mim hours of labor per ncre. a saving of 8 hours over the binder method. Combine harvesting of o»ts makes possible i saving of 6 hours per acre over tinder harvesting. Soybeans and esptdeu are harvested entirely >y combine, with 5.5 ind 1,8 man lours of labor required per tore. Cotton requires the greatest amount of labor per acre, and corn he next largest amount. The bul- etln Indicates that the high labor requirements nnd the low value of production compared to rice are among the reasons why cotton and corn are not grown in greater •mounts and on more rice farms. Estimates show that rice is the most profitable crop, providing a net return to land and mnnuge- nent of $65.11 per ncre. The return rom cotton is almost half tliat of exhibitor will model her garment, for final Judging. Cash awards donated by the County Home Demonstration Council will be presented to the top three places In each division. The main activity for 4-H boys during the day will be the countywide 4-H tractor driving contest which will begin nt 10:30 a.m. The 4-H boys who have enrolled for tractor maintenance ns a project demonstration for this yeai will participate in tills activity. The winner will represent the county In the tractor driving contest at the state 4-H camp In August. -COTTONSEED- Breeders Registered Certified Non-Certified Delta Pine 15 D&PL Fox —SOY BEANS— Breeders Ogdens Non-Cert. Ogdens Cert. Ogdens Cert. Dormans AU seeds In slock at Blylhcrllle Warehouse THE PAUL D. FOSTER CO. N. Hiway 61 Ph. 3-3418 Blythcvllle Warehouse HANDLES TWO JOBS WITH ONE SETUP! BARRENTINE FOUR-ROW PULVERIZER TWO TOOLS IN ONT—The Barrentlne Pulverizer! »re virtually two looll In one, having been designed and constructed In one compact unit consisting of stalk cutters and section harrow". The stnlk cutter* are placed for chopping the rows first; thereby helping tht tection harrows to do a good pulverizing jjob. By the HM of gauge wheels, (which are adjustable te any height desired and hydraullcally controlled by tractor operator from the driver's teat), you can keep the crop rowi a uniform height for future help In planting and cultivation. The pnlverlier permits one tractor am) one operator to do the work of two to three. The job It performs It don« better, faster, and with a great savings of 'man-hours' and eqylpmeni. 549 95 Plus Sale* Tax F. 0. B. Blytheville HARDY SALES and SERVICE 70S Clear Lake Avenue Phone 3-6978 rice, while lenedeta K«t in*. vldes a return of $38.75. Oatf, io^ boaus. and '.espedeza bay prortit net returns of approxiamaUly «*• fourth that of rte«. Corn tttvw *• lowest return at ill; only |«,JO f*» aore. Interested p*(ion« may oMai* single copies, free of charge, of/ contacting the Bulletin Room, Col* lege of Agriculture and Honk* !»• nomics, Unlvenlty of Arkuuu, Fnyettevllle. Tehy should art lef Bulletin No. 544, "Enterprise 0»»U nnd Returns on Rice Farmi". Only four motor vehicle* weM registered In tt» United Stak« IB 1896. Advantages D«riv«d From Us* «f Niagara Chloro IPC Miscible Niagara Chloro IPC Mlsolbk Is a low cost Insurance agalnat the weed competition during wet springs. The removal of thU weed competition (4 to « w«ki) iHowl the fertlHaer an* rool»lur« to IMS used In the, d«v«1»p»»nl *t the cotton. Hoeing cotli ire reduced from 60% to 80%'following the HM of thU material, thin reducing the labor nqtilrmenti In cotton production. Niagara Chloro IPC Mlsclble. an effective pre-emergent herbicide, don not Injure cotton stands and In the abience at weed competition the treated cotton often outylelds the hoed cotton.. If you will write. Mil or corn, by our place we will glye ;<M the complete facti about chemical farming. Remember If yiu need chtmlcali for the farm, rude*, flowin or stock spray, whatever your needi Buy b>, we have what K t*k*e and too, when you bay Niagara you buy Quality. SEI HARDY SALES & SERVICE YOUR NIAGARA DEALER 705 Clear Lake Avenue Phon« 3-6978 time. Sure measure of tractor different* Hold a watch on the WD-45 to measure more work dona in less time FROMi t POWER-CRATER Engine—more power with lesi fuel. SNAP-COUPLER—for quick Implement change-over, .jit. Power-Shift Wheels — lo space rear treads minute* (j*j) quick. (&, Automallc Traction Booster — no time lost in tough ^^ spots. (£3) Two-Clutch Power Control — no delay on PTO |obj. See. how quick you can work your acres .,. how little get-ready time is needed between jobs. Measure the great new Al.lis-Chalmers WD-45 in terms of your most .valuable possession . . . time. Then check the price. Both will help convince you that now is the time to order. Come in today or cull u* for • demonstration. POWEtt-CBAIER and SNAr-COUFLER Tune ;n lh« National Farm and Horn* Hour — Ivtry Saturday — NBC ( PLUS CHflLMERS ) V SAIIJ AND fUVICt J BYRUM IMPLEMENT Hardware & Seed Company Blytheville, Ark. Ph. 3-4404 American Electric Supply, Inc. WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTORS OF Electrical Supplies & Construction Material* Rear 313-215 W. Walnut —Blytheville— PO. J-8I5I IM-1M E. Word—Jone«boro—WE 5-53M LAMPS, SERVICE EQUIPMENT CONDUIT WIRING DEVICE* K yew home or bmlnew houae Is not adequately »« your licensed electrical centrwter. YOU'RE MISSING SOMETHING If You Haven't Tried Bobs Gypsy Rub Liniment

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