BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TOT DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF HORTgEAgl ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI YOL. LI—NO. 21 Blytheville Dully Ncwi Hertd lppl Villej Ludu BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1955 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Soviet Calls for Speedy Okay of Austrian Treaty SPRINGTIME PARADE — It's always a good day for a parade, but Blytheville seldom has one this time of year. Yesterday was an exception, to the delight of several thousand children, who with their parents lined Main Street to witness the Spotlight on Automobiles parade. Bob Petrovich was the clown and the band, of course, is the pride of Blytheville High School. Joe Lynn Atkins, Linda Wall. Glenda Moore, Lavere Onines and Earl Blankenship exhibited ponies and horses. Company M, National Guard gave a hand to City Police in the event staged by Blytheville's automobile dealers (Courier News Photo) Ike's Policy On Islands Defended George Claims U. S. Shouldn't Tell of Plans Private Talks in Rangoon: Chou. Meets with Nehru, Nasser, Other Ministers RANGOON, Burma (AP) — The prime ministers of Red China, India, Egypt and Burma met today at Rangoon's Mingaladon Airport to start a day of private talks.. Jawaharlal Nehru of India and AbdeLGamal Nasser of Egypt flew in from New Delhi and were greeted by a cheering throng of 5,000. Their reception was in contrast to the hush- Russia's About-Face on Austria Fans Prospects of Big 4 Meeting By WAKKEN KOGKRS JH. WASHINGTON (AP) — Russia's evident nbout-fnce on independence for Austria fanne prospects of a new Big Four meef.ing higher today than at any time since the last one deac locked on that issue 14 months ago. Word from Moscow early today was that Russia has accepted a proposed Austrian trca tv which Britain, France and the United States already have agreed to. That would mean th end of 10 years of Red stalling and of the four-year ocupalion. hush arrival here yesterday of Chou En-Iai of China. it was announced today. By MARVIN L. 4RROWSAIITH AUGUSTA, Ga. (AP) — Backing President Eisenhower, Sen. George (D-Ga) sale last night the cause of peace would not be. advanced by any public announcement on whether the United States would defend Quemoy and Matsu. And George, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, suggested the issue of whether those Chinese Nationalist off-shore islands should be defended has become a "football of politics." The Democratic congressional lender's stand amounted la indirect criticism of such Republican senators as Knowland of California and Bridges of New Hampshire. Both GOP leaders have called for a declaration of the administration's intentions regarding Quemoy and Matsu. George said he knows quite well what Eisenhower will do if and when he is faced with a decision whether to defend the off-shore islands. Divine Help "He will do what good men always do," George declared, his voice breaking with emotion. "He will go into his closet and, face to i face with his God, make his decision. "And I for one don't want to force his hand in making that decision." The President has given no hint of his plans, but he does have the authorization of Congress to defend "related areas" in any general defense of Formosa against ln the fields, it stated. Sa!k Vaccine Due Here by Sunday About 2,000 school children in the Blytheville area an scheduled to receive their Salk polio vaccine shots Tuesday Two Towns Quit Split School Tern Leachviile, Manila Will Begin Sessions Late in October LEACH VILLE — School, it Leachviile and Manila toda were set to abandon the old cot .on harvest schedule, which kep children in school during the sum tner and released them for work n cotton picking during the fall. Leachville's school board mei his week to abolish the split term In its statement, the board said it was of the opinion that it has decided to try a. term which wil not start earlier than the thirc Monday in October and will run through the month of June. This will give those children who must work about five or six weeks assault by Red China. George spoke out for Eisenhower's policy of no declaration in an off-the-cuff address 10 the Georgia Bankers Assn. Eisenhower and George were together about an hour with a partj of friends. "No politics, no domestic affair? were discussed," George told news conference afterward. At the conference ho said Russia's dealings with Austria on an Austrian peace treaty arc aimec a t t hwa rting re a rmament of Wesl Germany. In his speech later the veteran See IKE'S POLICY on Page 14 Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Generally fair and slightly warmer this afternoon and tonight. Tomorrow partly cloudy and warmer. Sunday partly cloudy and cooler with widely scattered thundershowers. High this afternoon high 70s to low 80s, low tonight mid to high 50s. MISSOURI — Generally fair and warmer this afternoon and tonight; partly cloudy Saturday with scattered showers :ikely extreme south; low tonight 45-55 east and 50s west; high Saturday in the 70s. Maximum yestcrdfty—72. Minimum this mornln«~52. Sunrise this morning—5:27. oiinsct today—6:,12. Mean temperature—62. Precipitation lust 34 hours to 7 p.m. —none. Precipitation Jan. I to date—18.72, This Dfttr I-a»t Year Maximum yesterday—B7. Minimum this morning—59. Precipitation January 1 to dat« — ' 1838. I A survey showed that about 15 percent of the students had plans to pick cotton. It If believed the early fall picking season will prevent any hardships from being \vorked on this group. Another factor in (he change is distribution of money to the county's schools. This usually occurs about Nov. l. In the past, Leachville has found It necessary to borrow money at six percent interest to operate during the summer months, a spokesman said. Manila and Leachviile hoards met earlier this week to discuss the problem. Manila officials have informed the Leachviile board they have already taken similar action. X-Ray Unit Pace Is Slowed Still held to a slow pace by an earlier burden placed on the equipment, the mobile x-ray unit gave free chest x-rays to 350 persons in Osceola yesterday. The unit was stationed in Osceola again today and will be In Luxora tomorrow. Assisting at Osceola yesterday were Mrs. E. L. Taliaferro, Mrs. Arthur Rogers, Jr., Mrs. W. D. Fergus. Mrs. Melvln Speck, Mrs. Jettie Driver, Mrs. Ben Butler, Jr., and Mrs. John B. White. • County Health Nurse Annabe Fill said she has been informec the vaccine is to arrive over tin weekend, if this is true, she said the children in the Blytheville arei will ge their inoculations Tuesday. Also pending weekend arrival o the vaccine, students in Manila and Leachviile are to receive their shots en Monday. Other Schools Those schools, in addition to those in the Blytheville district, to receive shots Tuesday include Ar- moreL, Burdette, Dell, Gosnell anci Lost Cane. Luxora students will be Inoculated Wednesday afternoon at 1 o'clock in .Luxora's City Hall. All children who took the polio vaccine last year are to receive one booster shot, Mrs. Fill stated. Two shots will be given in this series, if all goes according to schedule, this will mean those i the Blytheville area will get their second shot on May 3. Dr. J. E. Beasley, county health officer, is director of the inoculations in the county. Mrs. J. N. Thomas Dies in Florida Funeral services will be held this morning in Hollywood, Fla., for Mrs. J. Nick Thomas of Hollywood it Wadlington Funeral Home at ):30 and burial will follow in Hoi- ywood Memorial Cemetery. Mrs. Thomas, a long time resident of Blytheville before moving Hollywood in 1944, passed away at her home at 11:30 last night. Survivors include her husband, , .Nick Thorn MS, Sr.;. a son, J. "Jick Thomas, Jr. of Memphis; a aughter, Mrs. Hubert Potter of ituart, Fla., • three grandchildren nd four great grandchildren. •ix Years Old SEOUL (*) — The South Korean iarine Corps — a divi.sion strong — today celebrated its 8th anni- crsary at headquarters north of ieoul. • The latter came to the airport today with Burmese Premier U Nu to join in the reception. Chou had met Nehru before, but it was his first meeting with Nasser. Chou immediately .invited Nasser to visit Communist China. Tomorrow all four are scheduled to fly together to Bandung, Indonesia, for the Asian-African conference opening there Monday. Nehru and Nu are two of the five conference hosts. Nehru and Nasser took off this morning from New Delhi, where since Tuesday they have been discussing what is likely to happen in Bandung and the positions their delegations will take there. Arrived Yesterday Chou arrived in Rangoon by Indian plane yesterday for similar preconference talks with the Burmese prime minister. Nehru told reporters, at the, New Delhi airport that the 29-nation conference in Indonesia "represents the new spirit of Asia, which itself represents the spirit of the limes." "When anything is in tune with Lhe times and historical processes, t is bound to triumph despite difficulties, and so success must come to us," he declared. By success, Nehru explained, he did not mean success against any It would mean nlso that the Russians will have met a key li requisite to a Big Four me^, laid down by President Eisenhower: That Moscow give some evidence of good faith which would promise that a Big Four session might be fruitful. He has mentioned an Austrian treaty in that connection, Another key requirement, integration of West German military power with the Western European Union, already is in a fair way toward realization. Denmark tmcl the Netherlands, the only countries yet to act, are expected to do so by month's end or soon after, Would Clear Way This would clear the way for B meeting of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ministerial council, tentatively set for May 9 Chief business of that session will be welcoming West Germany a. 1 the 15lh NATO member. Overshadowing this perfunctory affair la the ready-made opportunity for a. meet- Ing of the Big Three foreign ministers. Aides of Secretary of State Dulles, British Foreign Secretary Harold MncMlllnn and French Foreign Minister Antolne Pinay have been meeting for weeks to settle details. A French spokesman said at Paris yesterday this group has agreed on methods to be used in preparing for a foreign minis'teis country but rather "the self- justification of Asia . . . helping ,he climate of peace and cooperation between* the world and Asia. Hopes For Turn "It means helping a little toward allzJng the one world Idea which must be achieved if the world Ls to survive," he added. At it dinner in honor of Nasser ast night, Nehru said he hopes the Bandung conference will produce turn in world affairs "which re- cej; or tends to retluce the con- lids and hatres of today." U Nu and Chou in their talks 'efiterday were reported to have ouched on conflicts between Red China and the United States as veil as on the coming conference, Casting himself in the peacemaker olc, the Burmese prime minister eportcdly raised the Formosa luostion and Peiping'- detention of American fliers. Two Are Dead Following Fire Osceolo Mother, Another Child May Lose Lives, Too OSCEOLA—Two young children of a tenant fanner burned to death this morning and their mother and brother were critically injured when a kerosene flash fire levelled their home on the Russell Gin farm seven miles west of here. Alice Piiye Ivy, 3, and Kenneth David Ivy, 2, children of 'Mr. and Mrs. Frank Ivy, were "burned beyond recognition" in a fire which started when their mother attempted to re-kindle a fire in a wood- burning stove with kerosene, Coroner E. M. Holt said. Listed as in 'very critical" condition nt Methodist Hospital in Memphis were Mrs. Ivy, 25, and a son, Gene, 4. Some Hope meeting with Russia. Killed Out The Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov, conducted the three days of talks Just ended at Moscow with an Austrian announcement that Russia is willing to end the occupation. Molotov is expected to be on hand at San Pran- cisco. in June at H ceremonial marking the 10th anniversary of the U.N. Also expected there are Dulles, MacMlllan and Pinay, so again the singe is set for explora- tory talks. Dulles has ruled out any fu dress East-West meeting then. EH at the same news conference Ins week, Dulles would not entirel discount hope of reaching an Eas West settlement. The last Big Pour foreign min Isters' meeting at Berlin In Pobri ary 1854 broke up in dlsngreemei when Molotov suddenly injected new Issue into negotiations for a See BIG FOUR on I'age 14 DIRECT HEART CLINIC — Doctors James S. Tnylor, assistant professor of Medicine nt the University of Arkansas School of Medicine; Raphael Paul, assistant professor of pediatrics, University of Tennessee School of Medicine, and H. E. McLochlfn, practicing cardiologist at Little ttock, are pictured at the Mississippi County Heart Association's free clinic at Chiekasawba Ho.sptal yesterday. Eighty-one; persons received free examinations at the clinic. (Courier News l*hoto) High Court Ponders Integration Agruments Ily KAKI, WASHINGTON (AP) Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chirks Tie for Seventh In ASC Track Meet . . . Fired-Up Cubs Continued to Set Ksrly I'ace in National League . . . Sports , . . Paffcs 8 and 9 ... , . . Nehru Not Hn n nd to Any Single Political Theory . . . Page 3 ... .Coroner Holt said they were not N j ccs today begin pondering the o expected to live "more than 24 js( , words d t . t hours, though hospital officials L. . ... , . l held out some hope lor the child Negroes in public; schools. who was not burned a-s badly the mother. The hospital said Mrs. Ivy suffered third degree burns over her entire body. The child also had severe third degree burns but Uv;y did not cover the entire body. The family's tenant house, which IK near Victoria, was levelled by the kerosene explosion and ensuing fire. Holt said. The two younger children wtre .sitting on the floor in front of the stove when the explosion occurred, he said. "Evidently Mrs, Ivy poured kerosene on some hot embers in the stove and caused the explosion," Holt said.' The father and two other children escaped Injury. Mr. ivy had gone to the field, and two other children, Betty, 6, and Allen, 7, were out at the road awaiting a school bus when the explosion occurred. Funeral arrangemcnts were incomplete today. Holt Funeral Home Is in charge. R. BAUMAN The Supreme Court's nine jus- :omplexities of putting into segregation oi whites and days of conflicting incuts over what the court should do ended yesterday without any Indication that the justices on what thr:y should court's decrees. Appropriate Film BREWTON. Ala. W, - The Rltz Theater here slopes down to a street flooded by rain waters. About three feet ol water stands nslde the screen end today. The theater is showing "On the Waterfront." Korean War Cost U.S. $18 Billion PHILADELPHIA The United States spent about 18 billion dollars to fight the Korean War, Asst. Secretary of Defense H. Struve Hensel estimated today. The Army alone spent more than 16 billions, not including the pay of troops, Heasel commented in an address prepared for the World Affairs Council, and he added; "The war in Korea was a small war; for a long time we did not even regard It ns a real war " HI Hilllon Abroad The last 5'/ 2 years, Hensel said tbt United States has spent about 172 billion dollars on Its own forces "and only about 11 billion dollars In the creation of military strengths among our allifs." Member natioas of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Europe the same period spent about 35 billions of their own budgets, Hensel estimated. He said President Eisenhower's "request for new military alliance appropriations In the coming fiscal year, $1,400,000,000, l.x modest — modest In the abstract, more mod- ; e.st when compared with the cost! of «ven a small war," Then he I added: "As a matter of fact, it Is more than probable thnt our appropriations for defense alliance expenditures will have to rl.se in the future." He explained that one factor involved in this would be the upkeep of equipment .sent Allied natioas — a cost estimated at from one to two billion dollars annually. Some of the Allied natioas have neither the Industrial base nor the potential to permit maintenance of the American-loaned equipment, Hen- lei said. I're.suniftbiy the answers forthcoming before the In .settled In the "The" nnkod mie.slion," as Justice Black phra.sed it, v/ns settled last Miiy 17. On that day the court .struck down its 1«9G ".separate but equal doctrine," und said Kation In the .schools i.s unconstitutional. Bui. the court, .saying the "the formulation of decree in these ca.si.'.s present;; problems of considerable complexity," called for Icnal argurnf.-nls on how and when to put the historic decision Into effect. Important rjw.sLions, as well us legal technicalit.ir>s, .still must be decided, wil) be court reces.ses for the summer June. Up to Court? One of the toughest is whether thf: court itself .should fix a cutoff rJaU; for f-nding .segregation. Three different viewpoints were presented In the arguments. The Eisenhower administration, represented by U.S. Solicitor General Simon E, Sobcloff, argued agaiast a firm deadJIne, saying the matter should be left largely to U.S. District Courts. But Sobe- loff urged the Supreme Court "to .suggest motion, to encourage motion" with a view toward ending segregation as soon as feasible. His argument added up to: Avoid a fixed. Inflexible deadline; avoid also interminable delay, Thurgood Marshall, chief counsel for Nei<ro parents Involved in (he See 1MUGKATION on I 1 age U Caruthersville SalesmanKHied In Accident CARUTHERSVILLE — Melvln P. Tralnor, 44, was killed in an automobile accident, 18 miles west of Paragould at 8:30 on Highway 25 W. The lOfi'J Pontlac, which the victim was driving, hit a bridge head on and the man was thrown out of the car. At the time of the accident Tral- nor was alone In t,*ie car. Mr. Tralnor was n drug salesman for McKesson and Bobbins of Memphis and also was a well- known sportsman of Southeast Missouri, He had won several golf trophies In the area. Funeral arrangements are Incomplete and LaForge Funeral Home of Caruthersville will be in charge. Survivors Include his wife, Mrs. Melvin Trninor; one son, Barry, and a daughter, Libby Neff. Reds Tell Terms Of Agreement By STANLEY JOHNSON MOSCOW (AP) — The Soviet government called today for the speedy conclusion of an Austrian independence treaty and withdrawal of all occupation troops not later than next Dec. 31. A Joint Soviet-Austrian communi- que Issued this afternoon said Austrian Chancellor Julius R nn b ha(i assured Soviet Foreign Minister V, M. Molotov that Austria will not Join any military alliances or permit Uio establishment of any foreign military bases in Its territory. The Soviet government also pledged: (1) to settle Its reparations bill against Austria for ths equivalent of 150 million dollars in Austrian goods; (3) to return to Austria all former German property In the Soviet zone Including the Danube Shipping Co., and (3) to return the Austrian oil fields and refineries which the Russians have been operating during their 10-year occupation. Summed Up The Joint communique summed up Hie results of negotiations between Molotov, Roab and thetf aides which began here Tuesday. It was issued two hours after th« Austrian government chief Deputy Chancellor Adolf Schaerf and their party left in a Soviet mill- tary plane for Vienna. "We leave here happy people," said Baab as he boarded th« plane. Scliaerf early today told newsmen that Russia had made her agreement to Austrian Independence conditl. onal on a guarantee by the four occupying powers that Austria and Germany never would merge agaln- aa they hud under Hitler In 1938. The Joint communique made no mention of this point, however. The Russian-Austrian agreement low must be approved by the Jnllcd States, Brit-' • and Franca icfore It can be Incorporated In lie independence treaty and the rcaly cnn be signed. It was expected that a Big. Four meeting would be called soon to do this. Deputy Chancellor Schaerf indi- •atcd earlier today that Western igrccmcnl to the new treaty provisions was almost certain. The Austrian delegation has been Iceep- ng the Western allies abreast of 110 developments In Moscow. State Dcpnrtmcnt officials In Washlng- OM said yesterday Russia's report- d attitude was "encouraging." Trade Agreement The communique said Russia and Austria also had agreed to start cgotlatloas In the near future Imed at normalization of trade ctween the two countries. "After the withdrawal of Soviet ccupnllon troops In Austria, no /ar prisoners or intenred civilian ersons of Austrian citizenship will emain on the territory of the So- ict Union," the communique de- 'ared. In return for the Danube Shipping o. property the Austrlans agreed 0 pay "a sum yet to be named." 1 exchange for the oil properties, he Austrlans said they would de- ver the Russians "crude oil in an mount to be agreed on between le two states." Want Quick Conclusion The communique said the Soviet nlon had taken Into consideration le .U.S.-British-French declaration [ April 5 that the Western Allies •ere striving for the earliest con- iuslon of an Austrian treaty. "The Soviet Union and Austria upre.s.s the hope that at the pres- nt lime there are favorable op- ortunities for conclusion of a •eaty by means of appropriate greement among the four powers nd Austria," the communique aid. Raab, Foreign Minister Leopold igl and their aides left for Vienna Soviet military plane at noon. ist before they took off, Raab ld newsmen: "We are satisfied. I believe H 111 turn out well." Molotov and another first deputy ovlet premier, A. I. Mikoyan, saw e Austrians off. Virtually the en- diplomatic corps also was See SOVIET on Page H California Man Seeks Relatives A California man Is looking for a relative and he may live in Blythe- vllle, according to a letter received by the Courier News. Dan Parrls of San Francisco is looking for Charlie Wheeler or some members of his family. Furrls Is writing a story of his life and wants to include anyone related to him in any way and he think* Charli* Wheeler Is a rela- tive of his. It seems that Wheeler visited Par- rls's family while he WM young and that he was kin to Farrls In some way. Farris's mothcr'i name was Mol- Ite Grimon before she married. He wks Wheeler or anyone In hU family to write him at the following address: D, Farrlt, Box 335, Upper l*fe* OalUonte.
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