The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on August 15, 1945 · 2
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 2

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Wednesday, August 15, 1945
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MIMMIp,WillitoMMUNEOWEEIIMPIEMIpavO! I I Two Japan'si Surrender Text WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 (AP) The White Hause made public the Japanese Government's message accepting that ended the war which started 'Dec. 7, 1941. - The text of their message which .was delivered b- the Swiss Charge crAffaires follows: Communication of the Japanese Government of Aug. 14. 1945. addressed to the governments of the Atoned States, Great Britain, Soviet Linton and China: , With reference to the Japanese government's note of August 10 regarding their acceptance of the provisions of the Potsdam declaration and the reply of the governments of the four powers as follows: , "1. His Majesty the Emperor U. S. Directive to Japan wASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP)-- Following is text of the message of Secretary of State Byrnes to the Swiss Government with instructions for the formal Japanese surrender. The message was delivered at p. Tn. EWT today to Max Grass 11, Charge d'Affaires at the Swiss legation in Washington. Sir: With reference to your communi- -cation of today's date, transmitting the .reply of the Japanese Government to the communication which I sent through you to the Japanese Government on August 11 on behalf of the Governments of the United States. China, the United Kingdom, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. which I regard as full - acceptance of the Potsdam declara- - tion and of my statement of August 11. 11)45, I have the honor to inform yeti that the President of the United States directed that the following message be sent to you for transmission to the Japanese Government: You are to proceed as follows: 1.- Direct prompt cessation of Sheridan in the Caribbean Cuban Chinese Oppose Hirohito Retaining Throne King George Opens -Labor-Dominated Parliament Today By the Associated Press Delegates to the third conference of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration meeting in London yesterday expressed hope that more relief supplies will be available for hungry Europe when the .war ends.. sing George VI will open the 38th parliament of Great Britain and Ireland today. It is a parliament dominated for the first time in English history by a strong Labor party, pledged to a program with great aortal implications. The King's speech, said the London Time, - "will inevitably have im' mense historical and political signi:, licence:1 , - On Thursday statesmen of 14 '-tnated-Nations will meet within the - shadow of Westminster, in the council room of church house. to set in motion machinery they hope will guide the world to peace. - - They comprise the executiw, corn'rn,ttee et the Untied NaItorts PrctNa- ry.zry Az-44171r irhsfrprd, stit!t mat,.ret prvviso.nal arraz"tge-; reenm for the first session of the United Nations' general assembly. the security council. It will plan - -also the establishment of a secre tariat and the convening of an internal court of justice. :Reds Romp 93 Miles -Across.Manchuria 1 a UF Smashing Jap Lines LONDON, Aug. 14 (AP) , Russian armored forces burst - 93 mileS unchecked across west' ern'Manchuria today, the Soviet -High Command announced to right, wrecking key Japanese communications and threaten.- ing to split 1,500,000 Japanese troops on the Asiatic mainland. The Red Army was tearing up Japanese lines at points along a vast 2300-mile front heedless - of peace talk. Moscow, confirming reports - previously broadcast by Tokyo, - - announced a seaborne invasion - of Korea. Russian naval forces and Marines captured the Japanese port of Seishin, the Soviet communique said IOW Jape Taken - - Moscow also said 8000 Japanese prisoners had been captured in the frst five days of the Russo-Japanese War, which began Aug. 9. The Russians also announced they had invaded Karafuto; Japanese-owned southern half of Sakhalin Island. which lies only 26 miles north of the Japanese homeland. The Soviets rushed toward Harbin - from the west and the east. On the east they captured the key rail junction of Mutanklang after fore- ing the Mutankiang River and capturing four other towns. 'On the west the Trans-Baikal "Arrny severed the vital 950-mile long railroad linking Dairen with .extreme northern Manchuria by -capturing the .key rail town of . Taonan. , Gaining speed as they hit fiat zotmntry alter breaking across the . Great Khingan Mountain Aange. the -Russians-advanced up,to 93 miles on: - a 160-mile. front in southwestern , Manchuria and, among other towns, c. captured Linsi in the former Chinese Province of Jchol. 1 - - Pacific . - Continued from the First Page ...Tape Were Trapped 1 gt When Japan surrendered tens of of Japanese troops in Northern Manchuria were threat--stied-with entrapment as the Soviet, 'Trans-Baikal Army pressed toward I the Dairen-Shinchan Railroad. Horsemen of the Trans-Baikal Army captured a strategic point on the lisinking rail line, while other,' ; ',troops of this outfit took a tcwn 353i mi1es northwest of Harbin. Rus-! plane S blasted Hsingking, . , Ital. of Manehuria. Japanese said! : the city Viras being evacuated at the time President Truman announced surrender. ' 1111- captur retie --,- Pa( . Cont ällPs it Whe i..:thousa North --ertod-N Trans. the DE or Army the ;,.troops ,imiles , p ital the cit time 1 surren issued an Imperial rescript regarding Japans acceptance of the provisions of the Potsdam declaration.' "2. His Majesty the Emperor is prepared to authorize and insure the signature by his Government and the Imperial General Headquarters of necessary terms for carrying out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration. His Majesty is also prepared to issue his commands to all the military-, naval. and air authorities of Japan and all the forces under their control wherever located to cease active operations. to surrender arms, and to issue such other orders as may be required by the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces for the execution of the above mentioned has'terms." hostilities by Japanese forces. informing the Supreme Cqrnmander for the Allied Powers of The effective date and hour of such cessation. "2. Send emmisaries at once to the Supreme Commander for the Allied' Powers with information of the disposition of the Japanese forces and commanders, and fully empowered to make any arrangements directed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to enable him and his accompanying forces to arrive at the place designated by him to receive the formal surrender. "3. For the purpose of receiving such surrender and the carrying of it into effect, General of the Army Douglas MacArthur has been designated as the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, and he will notify the Japanese Government of the time. place and other details of the formal surrender. - , "Accept, Sir, the renewed assurances of my high consideration. "James F. Byrnes, Secretary of State." HAVANA, Aug. 14Cubans are not excited about expected peace in Pacific war, but Cuba's 30,000 Chinese are indignant that Emperor Hirohito will be :i;::.'':'' ,,,,,,,,-- 1.1 permitted to re- .,:. 4,--.A...sk?,,.. . main the head of .. .-(44,44,s,-. the Japanese gov;--, ernment. An un- : ,.,.,,, '...4,,, conditional sur- -kV' render, some say. , ,- , ' should be just ; , , 4L ;,,,,::, .- . to 7 that, and Japs f,, ',4t 'A """ should not be ap- , , .': . r ,,,,. ., peased by fulfill- 4;A :'; mg a single re- ' .. . '' 0 J4 quest for lenien- I '' 1,,,,' j cy. z, , txA :41Clig Chinese here prefer to see Jap- anese cities battered even more by our Superforts, carrier planes and atomic bombs until they beg for mercy. Hirohito, they insist, should be treated as any other war criminalGoering, Hess, Petain and the rest. By permitting Japan to keep the Emperor as nominal bead of the government and religion, even though Allied military leaders dictate his moves, Chinese feel that we lose face to Jens and enable them to boast of the Allies' yield-.rg le) trwr drrnalld$, i Congress Continued from the First Page The other points for consideration, which he said conforms with the President's desire, are: 1. Expansion of unemployment compensation. 2. Alteration of surplus property disposal laws. 3. The, so-called Full Employment bill, through which sponsors hope 60,000,000 Americans will be gainfully employed. 4. Abolition of no longer needed war agencies; sontinuation of others. 5. Government reorganization, which was 0: 3 of President Truman's early recommendations as Chief Executive. Speedy consideration of ex. panded unemployment legislation to meet problems Of the peace was ordered by Chairman Dough-ton, Dem., cf North Carolina, of the House Ways and Means Committee, in the face of predictions by government economists that 7,000.000 workers may be jobless by Christmas. The committee will convene Aug. 27. Doughton said the Unemployment bill will be taken up first and then the committee will turn immediately to revision of the tax statutes. It is not expected, however, that any tax revisions will become effective until 1946. , :Labor Leaders Say 1 1Peace Won't Cause lEoidemic of Strikes WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP) War Labor Board Chairman Georgel W. Taylor expressed confidence today that V-J Day won't touch off an epidemic of strikes. 1 Taylor has been the government's; "chief of police." with responsibility' for keeping the peace in labor-management relations while pro-, duction for victory gathered mo-1 mentum. He added his views to those of A. F. of L. President William Green and C. I. O. President Philip Murray to the effect that: Expiration of the no-strike pledge, with eventual victory over Japan, will not be followed by a strike wave. , Lynn Traffic Stalled as Throngs Jam Roads LYNN, Aug. 14Thousands milled about. Central sq., traffic was tied up with buses powerless to move and all the main thoroughfares were thronged tonight as the city gave vent to its joy at the announcemen the was was over. Police reported the crowd wr orderly, although the celebratio assumed greater proportions than e the Armistice in 1918. Police Chic. Edward D. Callahan mobilized regular and auxiliary policemen. Juveniles celebrated with small bonfires in the streets. Auxiliary firemen were stationed at tire alarm boxce. THE , . ... ... . :........... ,c T . L Control ... ..... ..... .. ,... ,............. 11' ;,, 4 ..::' : ? .! :: ,i .: : , l:i: :; :!: ' ' '',esr",':91; 4t, , : ' ,; ,: .: :ts , :.,:x,.::: ,i,.,: .;. : . ' -.' - .:.-;':::'::',::::-.:::'':'..::::::,:::': ...:,:.17""1.11i :!!!'..::.::.: .' :H. t -li:..i:::-:;,,: ''..7-.s..! 'Stern, ,-i k - ;,:, : :-., ., ..,;:: 1 . .. ...:- , ; ..:"::,,-, -",N.,. :,,::,,,-,:- ,,,,,,,,,,s,--,., ,.: : :,,,,s::.,,: . i , Long ontro :,,, -,,,. t .. ,.,,,, i, :,...,, .:,:. :,...:.,:::::.-- .... .... .,,,,,,.... ,..,.,,..........:.,..:....,.,..,,,.,........,:,:,4:...,,,: 1 :;,,,,-,-,:t.,,,:..,,,;i:.,....:71,ia:::e. .-:- japs Under Potsdarr 4.,.. :!,.., : ,.::,1 .,..,..,.., :..:-.:::..:-,,:.:,,- . - ,,,:-,,--.,.... :.: ,prn: : , : :: :,,,7,-mk ..,, -2: 3 f - ,,,,,, ,,, :..., .:, . .,. e.. ,,,.. . :.::,:,, ik::. , . . , .,,:4 : .. :. , - . tv,',.;.:,,:!.,.,,: : : :, ex. I. . :,.. : .ii. ,i,.. ,.,i..,,-.i.i.::., ii,,,,, ,,. if, .,;,,:z,:i-,. ? : .: A:',-,-;:ni,,.,,. . - ,. . li .-.... N..,,,,:::,: , ., ,,,,,..,.. . ..,.,.,,:, - .4 -,.:, ,,,e, stern. and probably long, controls Japanese parti llt..:'4.;,.i..,,,..,,,.::'.::i.: i i..4,4' :;k:,;,:::::.,.:11::.:.::.:.....:..,,.z,:.7,,,,,.,-.7..,,,,.. ,:t"..-ic...32,,..:7.1v:;I:r..:i,),!.,,::::5..;:...:-:;,:;:.,:.:::.1. 7 ::,::,,,.,....,...1..,,,,.......:.. , .....::,.....i..:,.:.:.,...,;,.:..:::...,::..i.:::.0.;;.,,..::.4s 3.1,:.....:...,..:,...,,..::,..;:.,:.,............i...,..i.:...1..r.;ti.;tripirt,i,.::!.,,....,. . .:.,..,t:,..:....,,.....,,,..1..,,.,is.:.?,:e.,,,,,,.i.:,;,..:, ,.. .rs:...,,,,,.....,,,i:..:,... , The AjSapH.IoNeGseTOleNt,thAeumtellv4es(iAoP1)0; tinguished from t k trade relations F. terials shall be 1 The occupyinf -,:: : :: :. - ft ,,.?:,4,-.:4?';',E:g.. 0., :':!: - ::.:.: i-,,,::',,::::: ,:::i::.::::::::-,;',:.:: ::1,-.1 ' ' ,--':' . '',:';,.'s,...":;e4,41;:,:-:-,,-,'. ',1,':.i.:;.',:ii:1:::::::1::Or!.,:t (00,,.A . :,..4 ,:,,,..w.,,,,,,?.,.. -!.i:,,.-:,-: ::., ,, t... : : - ' .- ):::. :::'::::: .:::i'':i':?"V ''''''.. :' ' . ..: . ' :::,' .1,, ,. ' .: ,':, ''..4:', ..,,i tonight when they accepted the 'I, le .,e1 7-4 :', ''.:::;.:!''':,--"t:ii, :''':,; "::1 .1. - .i.,:::::':'''''-;.1,:::::':.A. ;:::-i:.:::: 4-::,,:::: :::: ' --f!'-- .-'',.l.:::-.4-;:::5::i-3!1,,- accomplished a: PoAtsodda mai tshuororgetn. dtehreytedrmi dst;,t -say so sstol:Inl as shall twheisthe dor t in so many words, they agreed tha ':';,;frt ::' .,,'U.I' ''' V,:st ,i.:':': - , ,. ,:,:,,:: ,: , -:: :,,,, , ',..- :,z, - ,1 ;''-. ''','. ..:....,..' --.,,-.. ' , :.:--,' :- T,AV;',:,', .: :-- :..' I n ,,. de troy freely expresset - ;;. wh e t ilhe Allies haul them back established in a ..,...,,,.,, .,i:Ji ::,.,,,r-i ," : 1 ,;-1..- - : , 1 '-i... ..:, ., .1,,n,..-,,,,,irk, t..,,lk .., '' irJ,, . :,.'!.Z. $ ::,:: '':,:'::::: '1. ' their Emperor will take orders - i ':: into the ways t.f peace and s nan es de ,,.,;---: :: 4t, .; , .': ,;.:- A,:-:---,:,..4 ''''''1-'-1 -V s; tr, , ,.i.-2 , '-lt. uom-,.,v.',. . 1. vve call upon ,, ,:. ::::.?:,-,-,?),,. : ,.....J: .-:-.:Ar::".,-,:44,:,-.P-,. Ik t-11; .5 .11', fl:: ' 1,,,,,e,,,,., ,, - , -.1, ..i.: .4, -:.--: '''':::.: ', :ii, .,:,,;:-.,:... -V.,i::: :i;, iat,',s: ,sk,;.: -:,..t: -,."!i':';;:,:rt-!' ', ti:,..,:.is'Ioi:',e :--?: ::: :: ,t, , k .,,,;,-.V-.1-,,,:;,,'.--'.'.' fr:t I ,,- i l'.;,". :.. ... ,., ... th. suprrrend ocla rPesepeoPniesibale -..tr-'-k-,,,,.,:--'::.:'s:2'.;.,..,-,,-':,,,,-.3 ft :: 1 their capacity to follow any other ..,.......- ::: :;: :::: H14;:i:,:::::::AX:,.:,..10-''..:411,.;it . ' :',e, )t, '---':,--::,ti.: - , , . . II .:,.: ,s 4:: .. , Japan to , . '1,.. .. - . - ::..,:,,:',,..-:----:f:,... :,. re : : :.,,,s,.,,,: : .:.:,: :,: ,;:::: ,,::,,;at4:;;7:.!!.::i.::A;;-:,:-.,:. .,- .i. .,-,,, ;:. ; .,-, - - ------- te. ,,Li:;,.. pa ::, ,: :,:::,:,,.,: .. .. ::,,::::: c . terms isour.urennddeerr- di t- : ::: ;:j1;::t..::'::':;::;.y:,::',,i:'01::-',..,;::-,,.-,,,.,'..s . - ,..rico-:, .'-..e,-...7 : ,;,,, ,,, aanrmdfdadfeogruceast,eani - - -- - ,,,- .. .:: ' :::;.,.r ..,; ,..... .;::-:-.w -,::.,.,,.. ,i::.,- , :g..,,r. .:,.e,,,. . . - , 1, et er rsHr rel . . .i,Iv :.,,,-,,,,, :::.7 standing" that the pow- good faith in St , , ,,, ,, , ,,, .- would not be taken away and -,..,.,.-4:::':',.:-:,:i. :.-',,.,-,'i-$.t.::::- :i. :;. : ..:,.:::. .,;. ;:,.:::-4::4.:,-:. ,', -,,-.:,. sthetetinUgniftuerdthSttahtees 7TimopteerocfesAsutga.tuls1, ut et rt enra t idvees t fr ourc t 1101 : ,:, ,-::::-..::,:,,,,-,. , ::,.., ::,,, :'-!-,'.,:i :,' '1' ' 1 plus immediate surender steps. (2) Japanese .::,,,,,,,' :'' s';;;,''':-i-'4::4k-:?:-VO's.:::k'''::::'.14:kt:--': ......,,,,. oz ..,, (1) Terms The Japanese ,:; - : A- , i!' i '''''''''-, - r , i :::.: ,,.: in.," .., :.,:i : ::. ii.io, :-.;,:i:ii,i,,,7!,..,.., " ,,' ..,:::,.-.' i --:-.4,4-'. ,,..,...., '''1.- -...1.'.::,; 4,1"1. 7, f.1, ,....,,,,,,, There must be eliminated for all ready to accept ...ew- ' ., . . time the authority and influence of the understandir -- .:.:!-,..vt ?,i :,,,c,:.-::.,1. t . e.''' '' ,,,..., . those who have deceived and mis- claration does ..... . , :: ,o.,,,::.,-:.:,,,i..,,:-.::-:-i, t ........0 ,4 W,-,4 , .:::., - ,,: :, .., :: .. :::.::.::.:,:,?'-,,:ri';,-,''...!"::.:::"A--'- .. .,, ,, , ? 1 ::: '. 1:: :::: ':::: 4::':'',::: ::.:::::: :::::::::::::: :::::::i:.';,':. :''..:;--vs',4''-,- l - :, ''' ; , - :5: - , -,::;-:--':-:- - ? ,--s, ::,-,.:.,..1, , ...,,, lead the people of Japan into em- demand which ..:w--::::,Z .., . barking on world conquest. for we rogatives of his , ,, -. ,,,:, :,..,,:,. : ::::::.:i: :: .::.: ,H,: :: :,-.',.::::.:-.:::-:t' ,::... ...N 'Z;: ' ,,, ; .. . insist that a new order of peace. ereign ruler. , :-....)':''' . ,,:;:.:i',...''",,,,':,1---;';'!:':'''',...:::-,,',.:',:-it:,..,-eik, 5,,,k.'",.-- .... ,,,,sb.,,,,,,sii.... ,,. security and Justice will be im- (3) U. S. ..Attitt "k'''' ''''4- ''.;, : ,.. ,:',:': ,,-.::,-..-,- 4,'.. ( : - --.. , ,.. , . , .' ::. ' ,, - - ', ,: ., ,, 1,, , .:. ..,-, , .'r, ,, ... 7..,t-ii,.,., p d 1 1 ossi.ble until f il 1:-.nrespfohn..slb.,1,,e0Tilitar Surren - itm it 1 4- :. ..: 4, ,;', ' - 'f: ' :,:. ::":: .ii.: ::. ,,,,,:::',..40,041,416.10.40 .'"1' : . ...... ''''.;:- '''' ' ''' ... : ' ' .-, ,... '.. ' ', -,' ' . 4' eir.,. .::,,,,,,,444,,,,,,,,,,o,,,...,,,,,i, siiiiAjoiionkaioomotrik 'Aiti..A.,koAKok,kikevwofigo.o.toktbitemb.a.,..ioa L41, $,4 '41;a3gt9rto ''',406,41":416,A0 ,Loill;4000"101.0,14446,AtogapoWkw utp,,whio,,,poil,104,04400011,46,14.Mit, 11;1;:rAilij CABINET. HEARS SURRENDER MESSAGEPresident Truman in his office at the White House stands to read the Japanese surrender message to members of the Cabinet and his staff. Seated at his left is former Secretary of State Cordell Hull; at his right, seated, are Secretary of State James F. Byrnes and Adm William D. Leahy, his chief of staff. In the background, left to right, are Leo Crowley, Maj Gen Philip Fleming, William H. Davis, John W. Snyder, James Forrestal, Fred Vinson, Tom Clark, Lewis Schwellenbach, John B. Blandford Jr. and Robert Hannegan. Hirohito Continued from the First Page "Such being the case, how are we to save the millions of our subjects; or to atone ourselves before the hallowed spirits of our imperial ancestors? This is the reason we have ordered the acceptance of the joint declaration of the powers." The dispatch quoted him as saying: "Beware most strictly of any outbursts of emotion which may engender needless complications, of any fraternal contention and strife which may create confusion, lead ye astray and cause ye to lose the confidence of the world. "Let the entire nation continue as one family from generation to generation, ever firm in its faith in the imperishable' ness of its divine land, and 1 1 mindful of its heavy burden of responsibilities ' and the long road before it." Adm Baron Kantaro Suzuki followed the Emperor. in a broadcast speech. He also told the Japanese people that Japan's "war aim" was lost "by the enemy's use of the new type bomb." - The Domei dispatch said "It Is the first time in Japan's history that the Emperor spoke to the nation over the radio." The text of the rescript Includes the following: "Indeed, we declared war on America and Britain out of our sincere desire to insure Japans self-preservation and the establishment of East Asia, It being far from our thought either to infringe upon the sovereignty of other nations or to embark upon territorial aggrandizement. ''But now the war has lasted for nearly four years. Despite the best that has been done by everyone the gallant fighting of the military and naval forces, the diligence and assidinte onr servants of the state arwt tht ciewttd serswe t our one hundred million peop,e. the war situation has developed not necessarily to Japans advantage, while the general trends of the world have all turned against her interest." Challenge of Peace NowMust.Be Met, Says Adm Gygax Rear Adm Felix Gygax, USN, Commandant of the 1st Naval District and of the Boston Navy Yard: "The official announcement that Japan has surrendered comes as joyous news to all of us. The sons and daughters of New England who have served and are serving in the armed forces and production forces have contributed in outstanding measure to the complete victories over the Axis forces of aggression. "The challenge of war has been met and has terminated in complete victory for us and for all peace-loving, civilized peoples throughout the world. "We now must meet the challenge of peace. Let us dedicate ourselves to the establishment of a peace that will be worthy of our hero dead, a peace that will serve as an everlasting reminder that their supreme sacrifices have not been made in vain. "Let us never again forget that to enjoy peace we must always stand ready and able to protect it." 1, Aso,viawi; 1:MgYV ta:,-se,--'46dinu-amomag . .. ... . .... . .. . ..,,.. '. '-.,:::,,,i.:::.?:":::::::i;' ...-,,::.,.., - ... ................:... ...:..... i....7........,,i:.......!:.:...;::. '. . .:,..:....;,.t:::.:.!:.::v . , .,77..::::.:411,9;?!,,,1:...:.:.......... , ... .........,..,...i.;,.........Niiio.':iii??:-;:.::.... .....'i.,';......-.,.,..-.:f..,-,,:..:;,;,,..--e,;;,,1;,.;;;,,,.,.:;.,.s..-, !,-.';',...;;'si..!:-:':'.':i:.:,':;.',.......;;,,.: .,.0?...;..3...?',...:.:.,-.',..:,':,.:',..:.'...1f.'.a....:',4::.J.t-::... - ,,,,e,;::,,,.-.-r:.,..,..,,.,,,,:":--,-..,,I.,,., .,,,:;,,..i..,:,:r-:...-:;v.,-i..4 .-..,,:.:.,:.,....:.::,::::::.:::::, . :,,s.. ...,:,....,....7.7.:,.,.,,....-.,.,.., ,,,,...-2,..,,.....,:...,;....'....;,.:.,.:,...-..ii::.::.:!.qt.I.:.plii..'.:. ,...''....,,3,':Vte.!,,k,,g,.....KPN--'. 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Snyder is in background. BOSTON DAILY GLOBE . Surrender Continued from the First Page Is prepared "to authorize and ensure the signature by,, th Tokyo informed Mr. Truman that Emperor Hirohito -e Japanese Government and the Imperial General head. quarters the necessary terms for carrying out the provi- sions of the Potsdam declaration. "His Majesty is also prepared to issue his commands to all the military, naval' and air authorities of Japan and all the , forces under their control, wherever located, to cease active operations, to surrender arms, and to issue such other orders as may be required by the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces of the execution of the above mentioned terms." Thus was the "infamy" of Pearl Harbor fully avenged three years, eight months and seven days after Japanese planes struck a nearly-mortal blow against the United States without warning. - . . Japs Pay Full Penalty anese reply that carried he in- d evitable message: Surrender. Japan had paid the full penalty , for the treachery that plunged the i Atomic Bomb Seals Doom United States into a two-front war Japan's doom was all but sealed costliest in all history.. I when the fret minret;" 1,"--1, ...,... ...-. The terms of blood and treasure, the great conflict had cost the United States more than 1,000.000 casualties and $300,000.000,000. The cost to the world was more than 55.000,000 casualties and a trillion dollars in money, materials and resources. World War IT ended six years less 17 daysafter Germany precipitated it by marching into Poland. The end was announced calmly by Mr. Truman who declared a twodaytomorrpw and Thursdayfor all Federal employes throughout the nation. He also authorized Selective Service to reduce draft inductions immediately from 80,000 to 50,000 men per month as a result of Japan's capitulation. ICaplial In Bedlam I Bedlam broke loose in u,u'lly reserved N14-ashing1on the mornent tr-e : Whe Wu:se fts,54,'!,,ed the worvil C-4'1 i'it's all over.' A snowstorm of ticker tape went cascading into the streets. Horns tooted endlessly. Firecrackers exploded.' Crowds boiled out of restaurants, office buildings, hotels and tavernsshrieking and singing. Within a few minutes a tremendous crowd gathered in front of the House and in Lafayette Park lacross the street. 1 They stopped all traffic. Harry S. Truman, the Missouri boy who made good; the ex-bottle-1 washer and haberdasher who be-1 came the No. 1 man of the landj stepped out on the lawn of the Executive Mansion with Mrs. Truman. A thundering cheer went up. Mr. Truman, speaking into a microphone hitched to a public address system, had a few words to say. This Is a great day." he began. "This is the day we've been looking for since Doc. 7. "This." he continued, "is the day when Fascist and police governments cease to exist in the world. This is the day for Democracy." Thus did the President speak at one of the greatestand most triumphantmoments in American history. The finish of Japanhastened by the awesome fury of the atomic bomb, but long since assured by the sweat and blood and tears of an Allied peoplecame after endlesshours of waiting for the Jap .. ... - WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15, . 1 egtuur. Atomic Bomb Seals Doom 1 Japan, which also has devoured Japans doom was all but sealectIMalaya, Singapore and the Dutch when the first atomic bomb was un-1 East Indies, thought then that she leashed with terrifying destruction had the United States lick-1. upon Hiroshima, Aug. 5. Then-1 four days laterRussia threw the weight of her mighty Armies into -- -,, ,- .4A,A. aaLibLALjr 4-14 ililUb linti the conflict. ; But the United States was just. i on Aug. 10, Japan sued for peace. !starting. She offered to surrender provided' The home front took another hitch the sovereign prerogatives of the in l its belt. It produced a bridge Emperor were not compromised. , ' prodof ships; an unbelievable multitude I But the Big FourUnited States lot warplanesfighters and bombers; ! Britain, Russia and Chinawould it , uced weapons not only for brook no compromise. They so informed Tokyo in a note half boys lighting two wars I ;half a world apart, but for their l dispatched from Washington at 10:30 !Allied comrades on two global a. m. (E. W. T.) Saturday. Japan, 'fronts. they said, must surrender uncondi- tionally. The Emperor could re- can On the fighting fronts, the Amer'. boy dug in and stemmed main, but' he must take orders from oraPan's advance. Japans Imperial the Supreme Allied Commander Fleet was slowed down in the Coral MacArthur. ' ' Sea battle of May, 1942. It 'was Tokyo pondered the fateful Issue. gravely wounded in an abortive It stalled. It sparred for timeand invasion attempt at Midway Island then it yielded. the following month. That turned I Tonight, another note went to the tide. Tokyo. It directed the Japanese Then. on Aug. 7, 1942, the United ; Government to: States went on the offensive. Ma- 1Order prompt cessation of hos rin - es invaded Guadalcanal, . lcanal, tili:te And i,r1tf,orn !,,t,&e.kr117.-,:,- or t -,r--m C:;7.r.-4.. 11,1. :::,eve G-h.:rtk,1 xvvrn-14 the e1eetivv date arid hot:A 1 oals.n, bloody- Tarawa. Marshalls, i 2--Stmd , emissaries at once to 1 Guam. Aleutians. MacArthur's , re- 1 MacArthur with full power to make turn to the Philippines. unforget- all arrangements necessary for Mac- table Iwo Jima. Okinawa. - Arthur to arrive at the place desig- By land. sea and air. Allied forces nated by him for the formal sur- !poured it on. B-29 superfortresses render. I blasted -Tang Ampri en n Anti IcIrit- May Sign on U. S. S. Missouri The formal surren&r will take place either aboard an American battleshipprobably the Missouri or somewhere in Okinawa. Japan's defeat was complcte most crushing she has suffered in more than 2000 years of her history. She fell before the greatest concentration of might in all history. , For the Allies, the road to victory and peacewas long and hard and bloody. moony. , Japan had hoped to conquer all of Asia; to rule all the Pacificand divide up the world with Germany. This was her hope on Sunday. Dec. 7, 1941, when her warplanes streaked in over Pearl Harbor while her emissaries talked ''peace" in Washington. This was their hope when the Japanese naval leaderIsoruku Yamahotosaid soon after Pearl Harbor we would dictate the peace from the White House. The peace was dictated from the White House, but not by Yamamoto who is long since dead. It was dictated by a Missouri boy President Trumanin collaboration with Allied leaders. When Japan hit Pearl Harbor and left most of the American battle 1 1 1 .E. Secretary of State Hull and in three-way handshake after m., EWT, yesterday. Recong' 0 1945 ',V;111 1;01 fleet a blazing shambles, she thought the war was over then and there. But she reckoned without the fighting spirit of America. Prior to Pearl Harbor, the United States was divided on the issue- of having to go to war. But the "infamy" of Pearl Harbor was Japan's greatest mistake as Hitler's was the invasion of Russia. In its darkest hour, the United States emerged completely united and answered the threat to her very existenceanswered it with a miracle of might and production such as the world never dreamed of. Out of the ashes of Pearl Harbor there came the mightiest fleet in all historythe Navy. There came the mightiest aerial armada of all time the United States Army and Navy Air Forces. And there came a mighty array of ground forcesthe United States Army and the United States Marines. For six months after Pearl Harbor, the Japanese Navy roamed the Pacific at will. American possessions in the Pacific were gobbled up by the then Japanese juggernaut. Tiny Wake Island and Guam were first to go. Then came the Philippinesthe glory and the agony of ha States was divided on the issue- of having to go to war. But the "infamy" of Pearl Harbor was Japan's greatest mistake as Hit - ler's was the invasion of Russia. In its darkest hour, the United States emerged completely united and answered the threat to her very existenceanswered it with a miracle of might and production such as the world never dreamed of. Out of the ashes of Pearl Harbor all came e m te he there came the mightiest fleet in all mhiisgtohrtyie--sttaheerNiaalvayrm. There armada of the United' States Army and N avy Air Forces. And there came a mighty array r g y y of ground forcesthe United States Army and the United States Marines For six . . z months after Pearl Her- lbor, the Japanese Navy roamed the Pacific at will. American possessions in the Pa- cific were gobbled up by the then i Japanese juggernaut. I Tiny Wake Island and Guam were 'first to go. Then came the Philip- 1 pinesthe glory and the agony of (Bataan and Corregidor. 1 Japan, which also has devoured 'Malaya, Singapore and the Dutch i rimet Tinelioa nft"Isniftl. 41...., 41 ..t... U. S. Just Starting I starting. I The home front took another hitch in its belt. It produced a bridge of ships; an unbelievable multitude Of warplanesfighters and bombers; lit produced weapons not only for 'American boys fighting two wars , half a world apart, but for their !Allied comrades on two global 1 'fronts. On the fighting fronts, the American boy dug in and stemmed ,Japans advance. Japans Imperial Fleet was slowed down in the Coral Sea battle of May. 1942. It 'was gravely wounded in an abortive invasion attempt at Midway Island the following month. That turned the tide. Then, on Aug. 7, 1942, the United States went on the offensive. Marl-nes invaded Guadalcanal ! -,r-..olt c$,7,,,,,- t,,-,,,,, :ST,e,a, G-..:-e.a AL...am-- pa:4n, tIoudzt Tztrawa. :N. LirshaLls. Guam.. Aleutians. MacArthur's , return to the Philippines. unforgettable Iwo Jima. Okinawa. By land. sea and air. Allied forces poured it on. B-29 superfortresses blasted laps. American and British warships badly swept within sight of the enemy homeland and let the enemy have it. Allied land forces moved closer and closer to Japan. They were, poised for an invasion of Japan when the first atomic bomb fell. l While Tokyo frantically assessed, the awesome destruction wrought; by the atomic bomb, Russia hurled' her might against the bleeding, battered, groggy foe. . . Two days later, Japan decided Ole had had enough. Truman Continued from the First Page i Surrounded by Secret Service men, the President and his wife walked down the steps, across the lawn and around a fountain to the high iron fence which fronts the White House on Pennsylvania ay. There the President waved and smiled to the crowd. Speaks From Porch ' I As the throng continued cheering, IMr. and Mrs. Truman returned to I the White House porch, where he 1 Ibeen set up there hastily. spoke into a microphone ..that had j I The text of his extemporaneous The text of his extemporaneous speech, as transcribed from shorthand notes: "Ladies and gentlemen, this is the great day. This is the day we have been looking for since Dec. 7, 1941. This is the day when Facism and police government ceases in. the world. "This is the day for the democracies. "This is the day when we can start on our real task of implementation of free government in the world. "We are faced with the greatest task we ever have been faced with. The emergency is as great as it was on Dec. 7, 1941. "It is going to take the help of all of us to do it. I know we are going to do it?' Later in the evening. with the crowd sill packed solidly in front of the Executive Mansion, the President reappeared on the White House portico, waved several times to the crowd and then went back into the residential quarters. Washington Soviets Quaff Champagne WASHINGTON, .6ug. 14 (UP) At the Russian embassy the news of surrender found a reception in progress for a Soviet Trade Union delegation. The Embassy promptly broke out champagne. Vassili Kuznetsov, president of the Russian Union movement, toasted peace for the world and friendship between the Soviets and the United States. 'Stern, Long Controls Face Japs Under Potsdam Terms WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AM The Jap-nese let themselves in for stern. and probably long, controls tonight when they accepted the Potsdam surrender terms. And althougl they didn't say so in so many words. they agreed that their Emperor will take orders while the Allies haul them back into the ways t.f peace and destroy their capacity to follow any other path. Here are the Potsdam surrender terms. the Japanese Aug. 10 "understanding" that the Emperor's powers would not be taken away and the United States note of Aug. 11 setting forth the r mpercr's status, plus immediate surender steps. (I) Terms There must be eliminated for all time the authority and influence of those who have deceived and mislead the people of Japan into embarking on world conquest. for we' insist that a new order of peace. security and Justice will be impossible until irresponsible militarism is diven from the world. Until such a new order is established and until there is convincing proof that Japan's war-making power is destroyed, points in Japanese territory to be designated by the' Allies shall be occupied to secure the achievement of the basic objectives we are here setting forth. The terms of he Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japan' ese sovereignty shall be limited to 'the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, IKyushu, Shikoku and such minor lislands as we determine. l Japanese military forces, after be1 ing completely disarmed. shall be I permuted to return to their homes Iwith the opportunity to lead peaceful and productive lives. We do not intend that the Jape' nese shall be enslaved as a race or destroyed as a nation, but stern justice shall be meted out to all war criminals, including those who have visited cruelties upon our prisoners. The Japanese Government shall ,remove all obstacles to the revival l and strengthening of democratic tendencies among the Japanese peoI pie. Freedom of speech and re- 1 ligion and of thought, as well es ' respect for the fundamental human rights, shall be established. Japan shall be permitted to main-Jain such industries as will sustain l her economy and permit the pay: ment of just reparation in kind, but ' not those industries which will e - !able her to rearm for war. To this end access to, as dis after tiler, be- nesusa a LIIC 4 ling.Jajelifve.trie-ft;d-riY.e-aironrzs., I permitted to return to their 1omes1Cf a 1 with the opportunity to lead peace- issu ful and productive lives. nes( We do not intend that the Jape- ties 1 nese shall be enslaved as a race thei or destroyed as a nation, but stern ceas justice shall be meted out to all rent war criminalst including those who otht have visited cruelties Won our mar prisoners. to tl 1 ra enmd o vstrengthening e all I obstacles otto tdheemroeevr revival l e t t. hr e n a The Japanese Government shall In ' 'tendencies among the Japanese peo- villi tple. Freedom of speech and re- as d 1 ligion and of thought, as well es be p respect for the fundamental human I TI rights, shall be established. of J Japan shall be permitted to main- i the tam n such industries as will sustain ilishi her economy and permit the pay- I of t o t ! me n just reparation ion in It. f t t Ind. but j TI not those industries which will en- Pow sable her to rearm for war. the I I To this end access to, as dis- dam i ' 1 !Allied World Reim R 'Allied World ejotces I Pnv-ceiliFfirtrr Remv Ear-Splitting Roar Rises A Ion; ,.,!, v"' wal diti mai V In I hist E ,, st'1.2 auti the thel 1A-el bla: , E t,'-tt' wr peal "1 glad TI hat) rom 500,000 I My the Associated Press.) I An Allied world that had waited long and sacrificed heavily for this i victory gave thanks in its manifold ' ways last night for Japans unconditional surrender, and then went mad in an ecstasy of jubilation. 1t7the war, the costliest war In blood, dollars, and resources in historywas over, , Evert as the whistles . began shrieking. as the wildly- honking automobiles began racing through the streets, as the victory bonfires !blazed and the lighting men and their home - folks embraced and i wept unashamed ' Evert as thes.e thinrs happered. the churtil be::s pe4:ed azki the words of the psairrust were repeated, reverently: "This is the day which the Lord bath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it." The rejoicing was undiminished for all that it had started, and had been checked repeatedly, last Friday when the enemy of the western. world bared its breastbut asked the shadow of an emperor for armor.- In Times Square. New York. last, night, a crowd of 150.000 that almost lost heart during a day of alternate hoping and doubting. swelled to halfl a million when the news finally' Halsey's Cease Fire Order aMIONINIIMIEMMIN If You See Enemy. Planes, Shoot 'Ern Down in Friendly Fashion lANCISCO, Aug. 14 (AP) word of Japan's surrender came, nd of combat reached Paige related. 'They heard Adm Halsey's ; mighty fleet In almost words--It looks like the war is Id fashion, Norman Paige over. Cease firing, but if you see American Broadcasting any enemy planes in the air shoot radioed from the flag- them down in friendly fashion.' w And the pilots, Paige added. Indreds of carrier planes "were rightfully enough the onLy a few seconds from their ones to indulge in a noisy celebrai the Tokyo area, ready tion"--they jettisoned their bombs out their first lethal at sea en route back to their fat-his delightful day," when tops. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 14 (AI') The end of combat reached Americas mighty fleet In almost Hollywood fashion, Norman Paige of the American Broadcasting Company radioed from the flagship. "Hundreds of carrier planes were but a few seconds from their targets in the Tokyo area, ready to carry Out their first lethal strike of this delightful day," when .caL ti.0 vit.?' u Luca, reaoy TIon'--they jettisonecl their to carry out their first lethal at sea en route back to the strike of this delightful day," when I tops. ank Troops on Okinawa Alerted for Duty in Japan WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP) The Army' s Military Government forces are ready to go into Japan with the fIrst troops landing after the Nipponese surrender, it was learned today., Officers now on Okinawa and In the Philippines are only awaiting the signal to move. and others will be speeded from the Monterey staging base for civil affairs officers. Within a few weeks some 2000 or more are expected to be on the job. GIs and WA CS from the Rainbow Corner, which is the main Red Cross club for Grs. Parade in Paris down the boulevard Des Capucines. through the Place de L'Opera, back around through the Rue Scribe, and By JOHN O'REILLY then back toward the Rainbow Cor(CoPYrisht, 1945. Boston Globe-New York , ner. Tribune, Inc.) I The celebration was strickly PARIS, Aug. 14 Thousands of Military authorities here remained Amarienn NE in Purls h ft bNuft I silent. American G.I.'s in Paris, who had held in their enthusiasm over the approaching end of the Japanese war, broke loose tonight in a loud and boisterous celebration. Waving Allied flags, singing songs and yelling like wildcats, they formed an impromptu victory march which kept growing in size as it moved along the Paris boulevards. Included in the parade were trucks and jeeps literally covered with Gra and WACS. The motorized section of the spontaneous parade was preceded and followed by several thousands on foot. From hotels occupied by ,Amerian soldiers clouds of torn paper floated down on the paraders. They marched 4 tinguished from control of, raw materials shall be permitted. Eventual Japanese participation in world trade relations shall be permitted. The occupying forces of the Allies shall be withdrawn from Japan as soon as these objectives have been accomplished and there has been established in accordance with the freely expressed will of the Japanese people a peacefully inclined and responsible government. We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces, and to provide proper and' adequate assurances of their good faith in such action. The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction. (2) Japanese "Understanding" The Japanese government are ready to accept the terms with the understanding that the said declaration does not comprise any demand which prejudices the prerogatives of his majesty as a sovereign ruler. (3) U. S. Attitude and Immedlatl Surrender Steps This is what the Japanese said "Yes" to tonight along with all the Potsdam declaration). From the moment of surrender the authority of the Emperor and the Japanese government to rule the state shall be subject ta the supreme commander of int Allied powers who will take such steps as he deems proper to effect the surrender terms. The Emperor will be required to authorize and insure the signature by the government of Japan and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters of the surrender terms necessary to carry out the provisions Cf the Potsdam declaration, and shall issuehis commands to all the Japanese military, naval and air authorities and to all of the forces under their control wherever located to cease active operations and to surrender their arms. and to issue such other orders as the Supreme Commander may require to give effect to the surrender terms. Immediately upon, the surrender the Japanese Government shall transport prisoners of war and civilian internees to places of safety, as directed. where they can quickly be placed aboard Allied transports. The ultimate form of government of Japan shall, in accordance with the Potstam declaration, be establishedby the feeely-expeessed will of the Japanese people. The armed forces of the Allied Powers will remain in Japan until the purposes set forth in the Potsdam declaration are achieved. in New York 'came, and never had there been such jubilation. Not on Armistice Day, 1913, and not on the day in 1945 when General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower came hoine from the wars to an unparalleled ovation, had there been so thunderous a roar, so joyous an occasion. So it was to the east and west to the bloodstained Pacific islands en humbled Japans doorstep. to bomb-battered but undaunted London. to the scarred soil of recently conquered Germany. The veterans of this war. this war of the name-thrower and the atomic bomb. celebrated if they were able , to celebrate, and the cheers that echoed down the Iorg, siient ectr:rl&-)rs 'of hets1-!tal luArds were me )ess telr: cc L tze outsIde. This was a celebration that burst forth spontaneously in tense. overwrought Washington as in a New York already tired from the "false alarms' of Friday and Sunday night it reached the staidest farm community and the loneliest island outpost. Washington blew its top when the official announcement came, and not an instant before. Paper showers burst from the windows and long-hoarded fireNtorks exploded in a frantic salute. Girls kissed soldiers and sailors, in Washington as elsewhere. The Navy also will send In military government officers for a joint administration similar to the setup on Okinawa where the task is shared by the two services. Details of the military government plan for Japan had not been disclosed but informed sources say it calls for a stern rule similar to the administration effective in Germany. The military government is expected to establish headquarters only in key areas, largely on the large Japanese island of Honshu. Boston Retailers Pledge Highest Employment Edward L. Hubbard of Belmont. president of the Retail Trade Board of the Boston Chamber of Commerce, stated last night on hearing the news: "The retailers of Boston join all civilized people in thanksgiving that the day of peace has at last ar- rived. We pledge ourselves to the most efficient distribution of merchandise, to the end that the highest possible employment shall be mate tamed." .1 .., , . Lm.....,.,,,,,..,..........,...

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