The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on August 15, 1945 · 1
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 1

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Wednesday, August 15, 1945
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aarMI WEATHER WEDNESDAY Cloudy. THURSDAY Fair. Full Report, Page 8 r. rj. a. pt, xt. GUIDE TO FEATURES O Allen ...10 Bnrgess ...14 Cross W'rd.14 Cnlbertson. 7 Deaths IS Editorials .10 Financial .12 Obituaries. 15 Radio 14 Serial 7 HOME FRONT CALENDAR Society.... 7 Sports .... 6 Thetr,.lM3 V Forum ..10 Women ...11 10 Copyriht Br THT Ci nftF JCfTWSPAPTTR CO BOSTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1945 EIGHTEEN PAGES THREE CENTS In Nw England fti F.lwhir I p fl r i if -A Ml J w y t ' , ' ',,,.;, """" - ft ' ;--yv . . .. s '6 - ... i! )-T; .., MKT 1 " ' ' - '- ' - J f v- ' y 1 v ; -.v - . ' ' W - . .it' I TRUMAN'S VICTORY GRIN President is in jubilant mood s he holds Japanese ur-render message received at 6:17 p. m.f EWT, yesterday. 883 Die as U. S. Cruiser Is Sunk Indianapolis Torpedoed July 30 in One of Navy's Worst Disasters WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP) The heavy cruiser Indianapolis vas lost recently in the Philippine Sea from enemy action vith 100 percent casualties to her personnel totaling 119(5 officers snd men, the Navy announced tonight The famous vessel was lost shortly after completion of her last mission, sailing from San Francisco July 16 on a "highspeed run to Guam to deliver essential atomic bomb material, the Navy said. She was lost after safely delivering her cargo, (In a delayed dispatch from Peleliu, Palau Islands, it was revealed the 10,000-ton Indianapolis ,wa5 sunk in less than 15 minutes, presumably by a Japanese submarine, 12 minutes past midnight July 30 and 883 crew members lost their lives in rne of the Navy's worst disasters,) ' Casualties included five Navy dead, including one officer; 845 Navy missing, including 63 officers; 307 Navy wounded, including 15 officers; 30 Marine Corps missing, including two officers, and nine enlisted Marine Corps wounded. Near Top in One-Ship Losses ' Her casualties placed her near the top in weight of losses on a single vessel in this war. The ill-fated aircraft carrier Franklin suffered 341 dead, 431 missing and more than 300 wounded. The battleship Arizona, with a total of 1104 officers and men lost in the Pearl Harbor attack, leads the list In personnel killed. ' The Indianapolis, traditionally the flagship of the powerful 5th Fleet, had been at the Mare Island Navy Yard for repairs just before her last run. She had been damaged by a Japanese tuicide plane oft Okinawa March 31, 1945. Adm Raymond A. Spruancc was aboard at the time of the suicide attack but he escaped Injury.; Japs Hit With 6000 Tons of Fire in Roaring Wind-Up By the Aisociated Prewi During the last 24 hours of war ending early Wednesday, Tokyo time, superforts unloaded some 6000 tons of fire and demolition bombs on war industries and other targets on Honshu Island two within an hour's auto ride of the Imperial Palace. Night-flying B-29s struck heavily against the plane manufacturing cities of Isezaki and Kumagaya and the big Akita Oil Refinery. Earlier, Super-lorts blasted the Marifu railroad yards on Tokyo's main line, the Osaka Army Asenal and the Hikari Naval Arsenal rear Tokuyama. The Superfort flight to Akita was longest made from Marianas' bases. Meanwhile the United States 5d and British Pacific Fleets maintained vigil just off the Japanese coast. In an .unconfirmed broadcast Domei claimed five Japanese suicide planes crashed an anchored carrier at Okinawa. . Tank-led Russian , armies surged toward Harbin, arsenal city of Manchuria. The Soviets severed the last rail line for the Japanese forces battling in the Sungari-Ussuri River valley when they captured the strategic rail junction of Linkow, 177 miles east of Harbin. See PACIFIC Pare 2 President Declares Today, Tomorrow Legal Holidays V WASHINGTON, .Aug. 14 Tomorrow and Thursday are days off for government workers and premium pay days for other workers in general, President Truman announced tonight." V-J 'Day, he ; said, also would be a holiday when it comes. However, the United Press 'dispatch points out that the President can proclaim but cannot legally, establish holidays except or federal workers or within the District of Columbia. The President said the two holidays were added to the six heretofore specified in Executive Order 9240 covering overtime wage compensation which requires time and a half payment to war workers on the job these days. The amendment, he said, makes the victory holidays whether or not work is performed by a war worker holidays which must be counted as days of work in determining whether an employe has worked seven consecutive days in a week. . r The Associated Press says that local postmasters will have wide discretion in carrying out the President's wishes. It was indicated, that postal employees working' the two days will have compensating time oft at a later date. Comptroller of the Currency Preston Delano said that decision on whether national banks remain open on the two holidays depends on the individual boards of directors. Traman .; .-Accepts' Jap 0FM mm acme isicondifiosial Syrrender War ( to ppom s ulation for Allies; pyous. 'Hysteria Sweeps the United Nations By ERNEST BARCELLA WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (UP) Peace came to the world tonight when President Truman announced that Japan has accepted unconditional surrender and Allied forces have been ordered to cease firing. Gen Douglas MacArthur, "the man who came back," was named Supreme Allied Commander to receive the formal Japanese surrender, World War II bloodiest conflict in all of human history was at an end, except for the formality of signing surrender documents. V-J Day will not be proclaimed until after the instruments of surrender are signed. The three Allies in the Pacific War Great Britain, Russia and China will be represented at the signing by high ranking officers. Mr. Truman proclaimed the glad tidings at 7 p. m. (EWT), shortly after he received Tokyo's formal reply to the Allied surrender terms. Summoning reporters to his office, he read a statement which said: "I deem this reply a full acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration which specified the unconditional surrender of Japan. "In the reply there is no qualification." .See SURRENDER rtJ Hirohito Blames Japan on Atomic Bomb A Domei dispatch broadcast by the Tokyo Radio aaid last night that Emperor Hirohito had told the Japanese people by radio that "the enemy has begun to employ a new arid most cruel bomb" and should Japan continue to fight "it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization." The dispatch was recorded by the Associated Press in New York. "The enemy has begun to employ a new and most cruel bomb, the power of which to do damage is indeed incalculable, taking the toll of many innocent lives," the Emperor was quoted as saying. . "Should we continue to fight, it would not only result, in an ultimate collapse -nd the obliteration of the Japanese na- tion, but also it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization. See HIROHITO Fag. X Is Truman's Statement Is WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP) Following i the text of President Truman's statement on the Japanese surrender: , I have received this afternoon a message from the Japanese Government in reply to the message forwarded to that government by the Secretary of State on Aug. 11. I deem this reply a full acceptance of the Potsdam declaration which specifies the unconditional surrender of Japan, In the reply there is no qualification. " Arrangements are now being made for the formal signing of surrender terms at the earliest possible moment. Gen Douglas MacArthur has been appointed the Su-preme Allied Commander to receive the Japanese surrender. Great Britain, Russia and China will be represented by high ranking officers. ' ' Meantime, the Allied armed forces have been ' ordered to suspend offensive action. The proclamation of V-J Day must wait upon the formal signing of the surrender terms by Japan. " DamiiIiii CfllllldlMA w Regular Editions of tht EVENING GLOBE W R6 DnM eherl Today & Thursday r"s t a THr. i One Nip Plane Attacks Hour After Surrender .By the UnlW Press A broadcast from the United States 3d Fleet said Tuesday night that Adm Halsey's great armada of warships had an air raid alert an hour after Japan's total surrender was announced. Fourteen minutes after Adm Halsey's ensign was raised in victory, a Japanese airplane was shot down over the Fleet. The apparent attack against the Allied ships was attempted .while the 3d Fleet hovered only a few miles off the Japanese coasfline, and after the cease fire order had been issued to the Pacific Fleet, Petain Is Convicted, Sentenced to Death; Jury Asks Clemency PARIS, Wednesday Aug. 15 (AP) Marshal Henri Philippe Petain was convicted and sentenced to death early today by three judges and a 24-man jury who deliberated almost seven hours. The high court of . justice added it "hoped the sentence would not be executed." ' (This . recommer dation ' for clemency presumably- will be considered by Gen deGaulle, President of the French Provisional Government.) Besides condemning the 80-year-old former chief of the Vichy state to death for "plotting against the internal safety of France," the courts also sentenced him to ; i ational indignity and ordered confiscation of all his property. What Happens Now? DRAFT For those under 2 the draft will continue, with 30,000 fewer month. SERVICEMEN Between 5,000,000 and 5,500,000 men will be out of uniform within the next 18 months. MANPOWER All controls over manpower ended yesterday. RATIONING Gas rationing will end shortly. CONTRACTS $6,000,000,000 in war contracts canceled yesterdays by the Navy. FIRST PROBLEM Unemployment. CENSORSHIP Over on V-J Day. OWI Soon to go. wpb To help industry reach peacetime footing. WLB Predicts no rash of strikes. NEWSPRINT Distribution controls will continue. CONGRESS Will reconvene Sept. 5. Unemployment first consideration. TODAY AND TOMORROW Legal holidays. LEGISLATURE Will consider postwar jobs. WORLD SERIES Will be played thisFalL BOXING Joe Louis wants to get back in the ring. FLETCHER PRATT, war expert, bows out The war is over. , Boston Becomes Bedlam of Jubilant Demonstrators By SEYMOUR R. LINSCOTT News of Japan's unconditional surrender turned Boston into a joyous madhouse within minutes last night. Pent-up tension, which had been mounting since the first surrender hint five days ago, exploded like a giant firecracker with President Truman's announcement at 7 p. m. and sent deliriously happy crowds pouring into the downtown area. Calm through the hectic days of false peace flashes, Boston threw its traditional conservatism to the winds with a spontaneous but orderly cele- Drauon wnicn grew steadily in size and hilarity as the evening progressed. Veteran police officers said the demonstration made that of the 1918 Armistice look like "a flea circus." It was a perfect evening, warm and clear. People were keyed up to the breaking point by days of uncer tainty. The city was filled with servicemen. The result of these various factors was a celebration that was J ike a dozen New Year's Eves rolled into one. See LOCAL Pafe 3 How Public's Affected by TwO'Day Holiday If you don't perform vital service chances are you won't have to work today and tomorrow. The breakdown: FOOD STORES Closed today, open tomorrow for 'emergency food needs. DEPARTMENT STORES Closed today: announcement to come concerning tomorrow. BANKS Closed today and tomorrow. LIQUOR AND PACKAGE STORES Open 1 p. m. to 11 p. m. both days. TAVERNS. RESTAURANTS, HOTELS AND CLUBS Open both days. TRAINS. BUSES. AIRLINES, STREET CARS Normal service. STATE, COUNTY AND CITY OFFICES Closed both days. POSTAL SERVICE No mail deliveries either day. DRUG STORES Open except 1 to 5 p. m. today. FILLING STATIONS "Enough will be open in Massachusetts for emergency cases," says spokesman. 'Great Day9, Truman Tells Crowds at White House WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP) In an impromptu speech on the Yhite House lawn early tonight President Truman told a large crowd of spectators that this was a great day for democracy. . He said it marked the. final triumph over Fascism and would go down in history as one of its most noteworthy days. The whole country now should unite, the President said, in efforts to preserve the future peace of the world. America, said Mr. Truman, now can start "on our real task of implementation of free government in the world," When thousands of spectators who had waited patiently in Lafayette Park across the street from the Executive Mansion began a chant: "We want Truman," the President appeared on the White House steps with Mrs. Truman. See TRUMAN Par Cancel Contracts, Free Manpower Draft Curtailed, Nation Shifts to Peace WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP) President Truman tonight turned the . whole machinery of government loose to try to carry the nation swiftly and smoothly into the broad path of peace. , The .magnitude of the job ahead getting industry back on a peacetime basis and getting people into jobs was vividly revealed by the President when he declared shortly after announcing the Japanese surrender: "The emergency is as great as it was on Dec. 7, 1941." Promptly he disclosed these two prime points: 1. The draft is ' finished for men 26 years of age or over. Only those under 26 will be Se RECONVERSION rage 3 Most Boston Stores Will Be Closed Today All department and specialty stores belonging to the Retail Trade Board of Boston will be closed all day today, Daniel Bloomfield, manager of the board, announced last night after the news flash announcing peace. Reconvening of Congress Set for Sept. 5 WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 (AP) Congress under the urgency of transforming the nation from war to peace, was called today to reconvene Sept. 5. Senate Democratic Leader Bark-ley, Dem., of Kentucky, voiced the hope that the Legislative body would work with the same harmony in "the momentous transformation" that marked "the greatest victory ever won in a war for freedom." He added tax adjustments, with reduction of individual and corporate income taxes, as the sixth major point on Congress' agenda. See CONGRESS Ttt I Board to Start Finding Jobs for Bay State Vets A state-wide survey to find jobs for returning veterans and unemployed war workers will be undertaken immediately, the presiding officers of the two branches of the Legislature indicated yesterday when they appointed 10 members of the Commission on Post-War Problems. The leading post-war problem is the finding of jobs, declared Pres. Arthur W. Coolidge of the Senate and Speaker Frederick B. Willis of the House at a conference when they announced their appointments to the Commission authorized at the recent session of the Legislature. "With the cooperation of private industry and the Federal, state, city and town governments every reasonable step must now be taken to provide employment for the See SURVEY Tage 3 Jap War Minister Takes Own Life NEW YORK. Aug. 15 (AP Jap anese War Minister KorechiKa Anami has committed suicide, the Japanese Domei agency reported today. The broadcast was recorded by the Federal Communications Commission. The Domei dispatch said Anami had taken his life at his "official residence" to "atone for his failurt in accomplishing his duties as hit majesty's minister." MacArthur Bids Japs Make Radio Contact NEW YORK, Aug. 15 Gen MacArthur. in his first communication to Japan, has just ordered the Japanese Government and Ian perial General Staff to put a radi station at his continuous disposal for communication of his orders to Japan, N B.C.'s Merrill Mueller, radioed from MacArthur's head quarters in Manila today. , t

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