The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 12, 1955 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, April 12, 1955
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Page 3
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TUESDAY. APRIL It, 195S BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE THRU Salk Vaccine Safe, Effective, Potent (Continued from P»«e tt Jy du* to some bud or impotent vaccine In order to step up the effectiveness of the Vaccine. He it id the shots should be spaced two to four weeks apart with the third one delayed for at least seven months afterward. Only Two ShoU Dr. Salk said he finds the best protection comes when the shots are spaced this way instead of being given all within five weeks as was done last year. He said some variations in the vaccination results were apparent- batches of vaccine. Salk also' urged that children vaccinated last year b« given a booster shot as soon as the vaccine is available. Licensing of the vaccine by the National Institute of Health is ex* pected within 48 hours to make possible a quick beginning, of the huge vaccination program. 45 Million It is estimated there will be enough vaccine for 30 million children, but if Dr. Salk's recommendation of two shots Instead of three immediately is followed this would make possible innoculatlon of 45 million children. Dr. Francis revealed his report at a meeting of 400 scientists and doctors. Out of 1,800,000 children in the test program, 1,013 cases of polio developed. In areas where the vaccine and dummy shots were used interchangeably 428 out of 749,236 came down with polio. In observed control areas where only second graders were inoculated 585 of 1,080,680 children developed polio. Of children receiving dummy shote 115 became paralyzed. 38 to 330 In the areas where vaccine was used on some and others merely observed 38 children became paralyzed as opposed to 330 who did not get the vaccine. Four children who received dummy shots died of polio as against none of those vaccinated in.areas where dummy shots and vaccine were used interchangeably. In areas where it was known that children received vaccine not one died while there were 11 deaths among children who were being merely observed. The vaccine protected well against outbreaks of polio within families. Only'one out of 223 vaccinated children developed polio from family contacts as against eight out of 244 who receive-^ dummy shots. The report said the choice in picking field trial areas had been fortunate in the fact that polio was more prevalent in those areas last year than in previous years, thus giving a more effective test of the vaccine. In areas where dummy shots were used there were 7,049,236 children in the first through third grades. Of the 60.8 per cent asked to participate in the tests 26.8 per cent, or 200,745, received three shots of vaccine and 26.9 per cent, or "201,299, three dummy shots. None to Adult* ki the observed control areas there were 1,080,680 children in the first three grades and 221,958 second grade children or 20.5 per cent received the three shots. The vaccine was given only to children—none to adults. However, it has been recommended that vaccine in future be given pregnant women. There is not yet sufficient vaccine for injection of adults generally. On the question of safety, Dr. Francis said 931 children who were vaccinated and 300 given dummy ahots had minor reactions, each the same percentage, .04. Of the so called "major" reaction*, none could clearly be attributed to inocuation'. There were nine in children receiving vaccine snd 18 such reactions in those getting dummy shots. These findings failed to implicate the vaccine as a significant cause of untoward reactions. There was no evidence to blame the vaccine as a source of infection, the report declared. Among children who developed paralysis there was no evidence that the paralysis localized or involved the left arm where all injections were given. Dr. William G. Workman of the National Institutes of Health declared the vaccine 'warrants careful consideration for licensure" attesting: to its safety, purety and potency. "It may be taken as a reasonable assumption that with the excellent cooperation that the manufacturers have always given it will For Expert Plumbing Repair PH. 3-6175 Wt repair • LwKy Faucet* • Running Closets • Burst Pipes • Water Pumps Charles J. Duncan Master Plumber Plumbing: £ Heating Paint Closeout IMv TTPH Ml Mm 1 Pric* Hubbard Hardware be possible to provide the immunity which miy reasonably be expected," Dr. Workman said. , The vaccine Is designed to protect against all three types of virus which caufe human paralysis but it varied In its apparent ability to halt the diifereni types. Dr. Prncis said in the dummy- vaccine shot areas, the Salk vaccine was 68 per cent effective against Type 1 > 100 per cent against Type 2, and 92 per cent against Type 3. "This clearly agrees with pre> vious demonstrations that most lots of vaccine were less antigenlc or potent against Type 1 than against the other two types. In addition the effectiveness of different lots of vaccine varied considerable as measured by the occurrence of polio," Dr. Francis said. He said It is not possible to give a single figure expressing the numerical or percentage effectiveness of the vaccine in a complete sense. "It may be taken as .•> reasonable assurance that with tlje excellent cooperation that the manufacturers hve always given it will be possible to provide the immunity which may reasonably be expected," Dr. Workman said. "If the results from the observed study areas are employed the vaccine could be considered to be 60 to 80 per cent effective against paralytic polio, 60 per cent against Type 1 polio, and 70 to 80 per cent against disease caused by Types 2 and 3," he said. "There is, however, greater confidence in the results obtained from the strictly controlled and almost identical test populations of the placebo (dummy shot) study areas. "On this basis it may be suggested that vaccination was 80 to 90 per cent effect"--; against paralytic polio that it was 60 to 70 per cent effective against disease caused by Type 1 virus and 90 pel- cent or more effective against disease from Type 2 and Type 3 virus. "The estimate would be more seeure had a larger number of cases been available." Dr. Francis said there was no significant difference in the rates of nonparalytic polio in test and control groups. Against bulbar polio the vaccine was estimated to have been from 81 to 94 per cent effective in preventing paralysis in .the' dummy shot control areas' The effect was less striking in spinal paralytic polio. About 60 per cent down to a lower limit^of 30 per cent. ^ From limited numbers of children tested in Canada and Finland the vaccine, also was credited with showing a significant effect. Dr. Salk, in a separate report, said the best effect of the booster shot of vaccine conies if it is given at least seven months after the first one or two shots. In the series of shots the third Commodity And Stock Markets- N«w York Cotton <lt:M qpoUM.ni) May 3344 3349 3343 3348 July 3364 3379 3363 3369 Oct 3384 3389 3384 3388 Dec 3392 3397 ' 3391 3395 N«w Orltans Cotton May 3339 3347 3339 3347 July 3361 33G8 3361 3368 Oct 3382 3388 3382 3384 Dec 3390' 3393 3390 3393 Chicago Corn May .... 1421'a 142ft July .... 144?, 145 141% 144(1, 142'i 144% Chicago Soybeans May 248 243',.| 241'i 249 July .... 240 240 5 i 238?.', 240 Sept .... 232',i 232 3 j 230'4 231 3 i Nov 230 (4 230V: 229 229 !i Chicago Wheat May .... 209^ 209^ 207'.. M8K, July .... 194 H 194!:, 1925k 192*'s New York Stocks A T and T ................ 181 3- Amer. .Tobacco ............. 68 1- Anaconda Copper .......... 65 1- Beth steel ................ 134 1- Chrysler ................... 74 1 Coca-Cola ................ 122 7 Gen. Electric .............. 51 5- Gen. Motors .............. 953- Montyomery Ward ........ 78 1 N. Y. Central .............. 39 3- Int. Harvester .............. 36 3- Republic Steel ............ 84 3- Radio ..................... 43 1- Socony Vacuum ..... ..... 53 3- Sou. Pacific .............. 591- Standard of N. J .......... 114 5- Texas Corp ............... 97 3- Sears .................... 82 1- U. S. Steal ................ 81 3- Livestock NATIONAL STOCKYARDS, 111. —(DSDAl—HORS 11,500 fairly lower choice 180-220 Ib 17.50-75 choice No. Is and 2s 17.85 about three decks 18.00 220-240 Ib 17.25- Ib 17.00-75 sows 450 Ib down 15.0050 heavier sows 13.15-14.15 boars 10.00-13.00. Cattle 4.700 calves 1,100 little done on steers, cows utility and commercial kinds about steady at 12.00-15.00 bulls utility and commercial 13.50-15.00 cnnners and cutters 10.00-13.00 good light yearling bulls 16.00-18.0Q fat bulls 12.00 down vealcrs and calves steady good and choice 18.00-25.00 prime 27.00 commercial and good 13.0018.00 cull and utility 8.00-12.00. one is called the booster shot. Dr. Salk said this system of give immunity at least into 1950 for an indefinite period, perhaps years. He called it necessary to give a booster shot to children vaccinated last year because the three doeses given them over only a five-week period could not have been x- pcted to produce more than a prl- may or beginning effect. Obituary Maggie A. Hale Rites Conducted CARUTHERSVILLE — funeral services for Mrs. Maggie Acox Hale, 81, long-time resident of Caruthers- vitle who died of n heart attack at her home here Monday morning, will be held at 10 Wednesday morning from the Sncred Heart Church.. Father Wallace Ellinger will officiate. Burial will be in Little Prairie Cemetery with H. S. Smith Funeral Home in charge. Born in Union City, Terai., she was married to F. M. Carpenter in 1887. He died seven years later and she moved to Caruthersville in 1901. She was married to Edward Hale that same year. They lived here until 1937 when they moved to Parma, Mo. Mr. Hale preceded her in death in 1947 and she returned to Caruthersville. She was fi Catholic. Mrs. Hale is survived by three daughters. Mrs. viola Moad of Cai uthersville. Mrs. Nellie Morgan and Mrs. Edna Briggance, both of Kalamazoo, Mich.; three sons, Floyd Hale of Portageville, Mo., Edwin Hale of Caruthersville and Nathan Hale of Kalamazoo; two sisters, Mrs. Nellie Folk of Hfli- risbu'rg, Ark., and Mrs. Jennie Me- Guffin of Griffithville, Ark.; and a brother, Marion Acox of Seagrave, Texas. Scientists estimate that the eyes consume about one-fourth of the total nervous energy of the body. Caruthersville Negro Burns To Death CARUTHER SVIU.E — A 86- year-old CHnithersvUle Negro burned <o rtfiuh Saturdny night after ft kerosrat- (con! oil) lire flamed up. Fire Chief Clt'in Hill said It was uppnriMitly an accident which began around 8:00 p.m. The dead man WBB AUred "Stk'k- nian" Harris. Cliff Jackson, a Negro urocery owner, was seemingly the last person vo see Harris alive. He snid tluu when he sitw him about 10 minutes betore the fire "there \vas nothing wrong with him." Harris went to his mewl trailer home and bepan to cook his supper on a kerosene cooking stove. Fire Chief Hill said the (ire apparently got out. of control anrt Harris was fighting tlie fire when it overcame him. A neighbor SKM' the flames and notified the fire department. Services for Harris, who had no known relatives, were held Sunday morning at Wood's Funeral Home Chapel with Rev. R. L. Blackmail of the Bethal A.M.E. Church otfl- mlating. Burial was in St. Paul's Cemetery here. STEVENSON (Continued from Pagt 1) public service by the CBS »nd NBC networks. Friends s»ld he decided to give his views on Pur Eastern policy in response to "hundreds of letters, telegrams nnd phone calls," He said the United Nations General Assembly also should seek a permanent solution to the Formosa problem. . At U.N. headquarters. In New York, diplomats s»td the question of any U.N. action 1ms been resting quietly on H shelf since several weeks ago when Red China refused to even discuss the Security Council's attempt to arrange a cease-fire. Stevenson said the administration has been "pursuing « dead- end policy in Asia" dictated by political expediency at home. He said allies fear the United States will go to war against Red Chlnn to defend Quemoy mid Matsu. "The division of our coalition over these offshore Islands—the weakening- of the grand alliance of free nations pledged to stand together to defend themscves—Is in my judgment a greater peril to enduring peace than the Islands themselves," he said. He snid tlie United states talked big about preventing the Cominu- SEGREGATION (Continued from Pago 1) courts, spottswood W. III. attorney for Negro parents in Virginia and South Carolina, suggested possible contempt proceedings or civil action. Ally. Gen. Harold B. Falzer of Kansas said he believed the Federal District Court In his state could "enforce its own decrees." In arguing that the high court should order desegregation "forthwith." Robinson sild he was unable to find any case in which the Supreme Court had found u constitutional right was violated and then "delayed In effcctuinp: that right" because of "local hostility" or custom. Attorneys for Kansas. Dehuvare and the District of Columbia nil argued they were milking progress toward school desegregation and should be allowed to continue their efforts. nlsts from taking Northern Viet Nam, but did nothing. "We now face the bitter consequences of our government's Formosa policy once again—either another damaging and humiliating retreat, or else the hti/.ard of war. modern war, unleashed not by necessity, not by strategic Judgment, but by a policy based more on our political difficulties hero at home than the realities of our situation lu Asia," he said. College Choir To Appear At Harrison Gym Carter's Temple CMC Church will present the choir of MlulHippl Industrial College, Holly Spring*, in a rcctial at aHrrison High School gymnasium on May 5 nt 8 p.m. Proceeds of the program, R*v. £ O. Walls, pastor, said, will go to 0» church's building fund. D. W. Clayton ii chairman of Uv* finance committee; Leo D. Jefferv. heads the publicity committee, and Tyson Lofton, is chairman of th* entertainment committee. POLIO (Continued from Page I) will not take them again. Following IE the schedule set ^) for the Blythevllle area at the Health Unit here Tuesday, April 19. If the serum does not arrive by that time a postponement will be announced: 9 a.m.—Sudbury and Robiiuon 9:30—Armorel nnd Burdett* 10:00 Dell nnd Gosnell 10:30 Lost Cane nnd Central 11:00 — Catholic, Number Win*. Clenr Luke, Yarbro 11:30—Lone Oak, Promised Land 1 p.m.—Limge and Elm Street, $80,000 to ARC SEOITL M — The 8th Army stiid today it contributed more than j $80,000 to the American Red Cross j durine a 41-dny campaign. START PROMOTION — Salesmen ami mid-south sales mnnngers lor McDonald Brothers convened In Blylheville to kick of) the International BliU Week promotion. Manila's Fanners Truck and Tractor Co., and Blylhevllle's Delta Implements are participating in the campaign. There's a HEATMASTER Styled for your kitchen When you buy a Hentmiislei water henler you select an automatic unit made by I he world's largest manufacturer of \vatcr heating equipment. Superb! y finished, handsomely designed, tht Heatmaster fits in perfectly in tht modern kitchen or utility room. Tabk Top HmintMt*r Round HMt«M«t«r Buy From Your Plumb«r or Plumbing & Htating Dealer MIDSOUTH PLUMBING SUPPLY COMPANY (Wholesale Distributors) Rear 213-215 W. Walnut BLYTHEVILLE n - 3 ' 83S3 388 E. Johnson JONESBORO ph - 2 3S62 How much wou.'J you contribute fora socialistic U.S.A.? Not a nickel, you'd say. But you are helping to pay for one more atepping&tone toward a socialistic America tvery time the federal government builds an electric power plant that business stands ready to build. There are persuasive groups of people who iv^nt to push government farther and farther into the electric business. They are encouraging government to keep on building new power plants—with your tax dollar. 1 -. Al! that spending of tax money by government is not necessary. For there is a better way lo produce electricity's benefits for Americans. It's simply tbe way the hundreds of electric light and power companies, with money from millions of investors, have built tlie grealr*! electric industry in the world. Thai way is still a better way lo build. • // ge/s the job done quickly and efficiently. • It doesn't use your lax money, • It's why Americans today enjoy far more low-price electricity than people anywhere else- Since America's clficlrir; light and pms^r companies arc ready, willing and able lo provide plenty of power, isn't it wasteful of lax dollars for government to try to do the same job? The government way leads straight downhill to a federal electric power monopoly .. . and socialism. "YOU ARE THERE : '-CBS i Ark-Mo Power Co. Come In! - Call In! - Cash In! FANTASTIC On 21" Console RCA VICTOR TELEVISION New NOW! turn your TV Info a MI, Phono-Combination RCA victor 21-inch Fdion ••AH clear" picture - new "easy-see" dial. Grained mahogany finish 21S521 ..... With New "All-Clear Picture" and "Golden Throat'' Fidelity Sound No set too old ... No screen too .small... and no DOUHI-E TAMC! Greatest, trade-in offer we've ever made! Amazing new Slide-O-Matic "Viclrola"45 record player! 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