The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on May 26, 1966 · 3
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 3

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Thursday, May 26, 1966
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V v V.V The Boston GlobeThursday, May 2S, 196$ NEWS ANALYSIS Viet Escalation: A Baited Hook A Dubious Encounter By MART McGRORT WASHINGTON It was a dubious encounter between the senators and the psychiatrists at the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The trouble was that all senators are amateur psychiatrists and the two psychiatrists were avowedly amateur geo-poli-ticians. Both sides were so afraid of trespassing on each other's territory that they never really met Chairman J. William Fulbright, who has been analyzing American character as revealed in its foreign policy, called in the two experts Charles E. Osgood of the University of Illinois and Dr. Jerome D. Frank, Johns Hopkins University to corroborate his view that Americans can break the obnoxious behavior pattern of the large, rich nations cf history. The psychiatrists would not commit themselves to his "arrogance of power" theory or help him expose what he considers our neurotic fear of other nations. Finally, Fulbright said, with some asperity, "It is the duty of psychologists to change that, isn't it? Who is going to change human nature if you are not?" The two mind readers looked at him with compassionate smiles. They were apparently accustomed to being mistaken for magicians. It was a clash of two disciplines. Politicians want answers to problems. Psychologists ventilate situations. "What is the matter with us?" Sen. Fulbright demanded. Osgood, a gray-haired man rather given to the language of his trade, said, "We are rotating our sense of responsibility onto the parallels with this great fear." If Fulbright was frustrated in his attempt to lind professional endorsement of his diagnosis of our power syndrome, other senators suffered evn more from the communications gap. Sen. Bourke B. Hickenlooper (R-Ia.) was simply dumbfounded by the presenta- a full moment and admitted he didn't know what to ask. Finally, with not so much as a nod at Freud, he waded in boldly. "We are all biological mechanisms, aren't we? Is there any question about that? Is there any question that survival is the prime law of nature?" The experts who had finished presenting long papers designed to show that people of every nation are in the grip of some ideological obsessions which give them a larger identity but which clouds their vision and judgment, sighed. Dr. Frank said, "People give up their bodies to preserve themselves." Sen. Hickenlooper went to the animal world. "What about lions and tigers?" Osgood explained that "one of the main things which divides man from animals is his language and his capacity to symbolize." Hickenlooper retreated. "I don't know how you get hold of the psyche and push it around to where you want it." Sen. Clifford P. Case (R-N.J.) seemed even more unnerved by the large, vague concepts being run past him. He demanded therapy, not analysis. How would they advise Britain to deal with Rhodesia, he wanted to know. How should Israel regard the Arabs? How should the Russians cope with the Red Chinese? The experts begged off, pleading the limited application of their observations. Finally Sen. Case decided that the experts and Sen. Fulbright were being entirely too clinical about their native land. "We're not as bad as many countries," he said stoutly. Sen. Fulbright tried to soothe him. "I don't want to leave the impression we're acting worse than any other great nation." The chairman seemed resigned to the fact that if the country was ready for the couch, the senators were not. He abandoned his pioneer experiment in professional soul-searching with a tentative, "Well, the point is, if there is any point. . ." PSYCHOLOGY. Continued from Page 1 Dr. Jerome Frank, professor of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University School of the day, particularly qualified their analyses of national behavior patterns "no psychiatrist or psychologist," said Frank, "would be so rash as to claim that one can make son- committee "Ppnnlp vthn aro fitrMinw for their ideals seldom if vr from that of Individuals, can be forced into surrender ing by punishment President, Lyndon B. John- ting "glued to an escalator," "We are rational in fits and especially in a democracy starts," Frank replied; "I think we are operating under a great deal of fear and emotional tension, which inter-feres with clear thinking ... We have a right to be afraid of nuclear weapons." where "a sense of commit ment is created which makes mitted himself to either iicult politically." "I do not believe, said Osgood, "he has fully com- .fui;,;.. u KVJ"-J rj"-", tauicr "nZZi i. soli or Positive inferences is probing and testing the Both Osgood and Frank ad about the behavior of nations feasibilities and consequences vocated "a breathink spell" ox each." or "a strategy ol calculated But observations of indi- . But if the United States ingful communication of in tion of two experts. When it was his turn to ask questions, he sat absolutely still for BJiiiiiiiiinilllllllllllllllllllllllllllltlllllllllN Osgood principal and Frank, witnesses of the the gjpp? t 'IT' 'ft " - HOME FROM VIET NAM Anthony Alfama, 20, of East Boston kisses his godson, Stephen Jones, 3 months, while latter's mother, Mrs. John Paul Jones of Arlington holds sign. (Bill Brett Photo). For One GIHappy Homecoming; for 2d-Silence the mind of one man our The "hook," he said, is get- son?" Fulbright asked Frank, stand themselves." ABCD Analysis Both Good and Bad By RAT RICHARD Staff Keaerter . xjui uwci vauuus ui ll Ui- . .;.u l.. 0 . ... t- .:J..., is experimenting with calu- tentions. "In anv conflict situ- He said the Vietnamese iauaAS Bna rouPs- ne saia lated esaclation as a strategy atio- said rwood. "i is war "has assumed an ideo- may provide "insights' on for dealing with 'wars of easjer to believe an oppo-logical character similar to national behavior. national liberation," said Os- nent's aggressive statements the holy wars of former times, good, "I think we are in dan- (sucn as 'We will bury you' and this has ominous impli- Osgood said the competing ger of swallowing a baited than hia conciliatory state-cations." strategies" of "hawk" and hook." ments." "dove" policy in ihe Viet- "The ( notion," said Dr. namese war "come to ulti- "GLUED TO ESCALATOR" "Do you really think a hu- Frank, "that one can cause mate confrontation within man being is a rational rer- peopie io aoanaon tneir ideologies by inflicting pain on them should have died in Rome with the Christian martyrs." Dr. Brock Chisholm, a Canadian psychiatrist and former director-general of the World Health Organization and former president of the World Federation for Mental Health, cautioned about the racial complications of United States involvement in Viet Nam and elsewhere. The United States, Chisholm said, cannot escape the fact that non-white nations are suspicious of the white race. An underlying image of the foreign "exploiter exists, he said, even where there is "a degree of cooperation." In Viet Nam, he said, the United States tends to receive some of the hostility about foreigners that in the past has been directed against the Chinese and the French. In Viet Nam," said FuLi de-escalation" to permit mean- bright, "it sometimes seem aimosi int reai Die 10 me inas in order to give an election to a people that never had a election we are willing to kill thousands of ther ... it seems to me to be irrationaL" "If there is any good t come out of these hearings," Fulbright said, "it is to try to make Americans under-' gram. Give them a pat on the ruled the administration was back. And there are Negro justified in firing a youth The directors of ABCD teachers doing a wonderful counselor, Martin Ross, but (Action for Boston Community job in all-white neighbor- mishandled the case by dis-Development) set their own hoods. Give them credit." missing him too abruptly. For agency on the analyst's couch He delivered his charge aft- an nour " debated this re-for nearly four hours Wednes- er Mrs. Melnea Cass, a lead- P01 and .a companion report day night and like most such ing civil rights worker, in which said the dismissal of sessions, heard lots of good complaining that the Boston atrick Cusick and Mrs. Edna School department wasn't ad- '"'. tuuiiaeiurs, things and lots of bad were justified. xne Kooa news inciuaea a ministprintr Headstart cor clean bill of health from audi- rectly asked the other mem- f tors who had gone over their bers of the board, "Who wants iflri AUU books for the four months of the Boston School Committee C OSfotl mil? Iofte 1966 through Apr. 30. The un- to have a name with anything Pubii,hi bT globb newspaper pieasani mtiuaea a xongue- to do with the poverty pro- Ma. 02107 idMung jium meir presiaeni, gram7 Arthur J. Gartland charges Then Mrs. Nora Priest had from their own members that moved that the ABCD Board while three counselors who notif thfi natio offfce of wer?.fire.dJlre missed jus- th h . thfi tinaoiy abwj mishandled the board is "dissatisfied with the MS-diif5 1500 former member of the staff had co-sponsorship principle" un- Estahlihfd March 4. lH7i CimIik edition first issued March 7. 1878. Sunday edition first issued Oct. 14. 18771 RTOSCKIPTION BATES MorninR Evening Sunday Per Per Per Per Per Per Wo. Vr. Mo. Yr. Mo. Yr. nosion rosiai one 2 00 24 00 1 K5 19 80 1 2S 1S 00 CU..k... I- I ' a . n . i der which the agency shares s.so moo, 200' 24.00 1.50 isoo S.50 30.6o' 2 00 24 00 1.50 18.00 Fsreirn Cnnntrle. 4 00 48 00 3.25 39.00 2.50 30 00 ( Please do not send cash. Use money onanpa fh. Ill naiMh.re than . . ,o . ci r- i n..o..u. oiiu mc leauiiers JL -ft ,i. ,u. montns oia out ot print. tu. cov,i r. j u4V. present, after more than tnree second-class posu u i Tr j.T hours of discussion, did not vx ...... . v ...aU ij constitute naa oeen given a going over I J : 1 : i : UC1HUH.M..UICU idLidi ptejuuiL-e. ,u Headstart Droeram with Gartland chastised the di- gf deU'tmenT Gar Tf u?uad rS t0 -h.e 1efens1 land ruled her motion invalid Ul Will OUlUUHMldlUI) fl a quorum. "T nt'p nf 1 .Ira V.ro J vmam. 1? boardi. memvbers du"nS bers," admonished the presi-the early three hours of dis- ripnt. ..Ynil .r- nnt enng tn Dostaffe paia at ioston. Mass. It yes want th Globe deHvered e your horn recalarly, call lAVeno J-8000. The exciting Burgundy wine is imported . . . from California. I By Pastene; For you. Pastene Wine & Spirits Cb , !nc 1 Boston, Massachusetts J4 cussion. "I'm sick of hearing all teachers reviled," he said in apparent protest of generalization against teachers made by some board members during discussion of the pre-kin-dergarten Headstart Program. A.B.C.D. and the school de partment jointly this program get rid of the school system, Let's be constructive." He reminded the board members they constituted a policy-making body, not an administrative group, that it should give "a little credit to the people" on the staff of ABCD who "are workine operate here and stayed here during the heat of battle." He alluded By GLORIA NEGRI Staff Keporter It has become a familiar sight at Logan Airport these days. A big jet comes in. A coffin is unloaded, a somber military escort by its side. A ground stewardess is asked about the arrival time of a serviceman's flight and she will say routinely: "If you're looking for a Marine or soldier from Viet Nam, perhaps you should check the air freight service. We have an average of three bodies arriving from Viet Nam a week." It was different at Logan Wednesday. A Marine came home from Viet Nam, 3.5 pounds lighter than when he left 13 months ago. Twenty-year-old Cpl Anthony J. Alfama, who joined the Marines after graduating from Sacred Heart High School in East Boston three years ago, will be home for good after August. The Alfama home is at 205 Saratoga St., East Boston. Around 4:15 Wednesday afternoon, the Alfamas and their friends started to arrive at the TWA terminal. The plane was due at 5. Mrs. Elvira Alfama, petite with dark eyes, recalled that it was just 13 months ago on the same spot that "Al," had said goodbye. Asa Alfama, had taken half a day off. He is a foreman at International Rubber Corp. "Al served first on Okinawa and for the last eight months in Chu Lai in Viet Nam," Asa Alfama said. "I forgot to order the cake and we're having the party tomorrow (Thursday) night," Elivira Alfama confided. "But," she added, "I got ravioli for tonight and all the favorite sweets Al likes to eat. And he'll have his own bed. I never took his bed apart after he left." Pretty blonde Linda Lee of Arlington, the Marine's girl friend, arrived. Her blue eyes were red. His sister, Rosemary, 24, and brother, Paul, 23, his friend, Ronald Kelly of Medford, his cousin, Karen Tarco, 3, and his aunts Virginia Nuzzo, Emma Gelormini and Esther Cornacchia, all of East Boston, arrived. "If there was a piano here, I would play the "Marine Hymn," Aunt Emma said. The Marine's cousin. Mrs. Gloria Jones of Arlington, her husband, John, and their three children arrived. Their youngest, Stephen Anthony, was born three months ago, and Cpl Alfama was godfather by proxy in Viet Nam. Stephen wore a sailor suit. They couldn't find a Marine outfit in his size. He carried a sign that read, "Welcome home, Al, You're the Greatest!" "The sign is just a joke," Mrs. Alfama said. "Every time Al wrote he always told me not to worry because the Marines were tough and that he was 'the greatest.' " Then at 5 o'clock, the jet whined to a stop. Down the ramp came a tanned, slim Marine in khaki. There was his mother, dabbing her eyes, and his dad, standing behind her, looking almost shy and awfully proud. He swept his mother into his arms, shook hands with his father and hugged his godson, who bawled and made faces at him. "Isn't he beautiful?" the Marine said. . Then, he .saw Linda Lee, but his girl cousins and his Sister closed in on him in happy confusion. But he found Linda Lee again, and they walked ahead of the crowd, hands entwined behind their backs. "He looks fabulous," Linda said. "She looks great," said the Marine. Asa Alfama walked a discreet distance behind, laughing and crying at the same time. Soon, they all had left the terminal. Five hours later, another plane landed from the West Coast with a soldier from Viet Nam. He was sent through the Air Freight terminal. '-vL i f t ill iy A 1 1 EXERCISING THEIR RIGHTS Pacifist David Reed pickets and Milton policeman looks him over. (Joe Dcnnehy Photo). 'Come Get Me' Drafted Pacifist Eight Army inductees went off to boot camp from Milton Wednesday morning, but another who was called stayed behind to picket. David Reed, 19, who was supposed to have gone with the others, declined, saying, "They'll have to come and get me." Instead of reporting as scheduled, Reed picketed the draft board-at 60 Adams st. with 11 other members of the New England Committee for Non-Violent Action. Reed, a former Harvard student, is currently free in $1000 personal recognizance from Federal Court, where he appeared last Monday on a charge of destroying his . draft card. John Donnellon, auditor of Milton Board 125, said Reed's case would be turned over to the U.S. attorney's office. i.eis De constructive," tie to the controversy which urged. "I know there are sore arose over the agency last spots in our school system. But Fall when discrepancies were there are many white teach- uncovered with one of its ers in Negro neighborhoods youth work programs, doing a good job. Some of Earlier, the board accepted them taught your children last a report from its personnel year in the Headstart pro- grievance committee which 'Common Bible' Use Ecumenical Key it BIBLE could use the same Bible- Continued from Page 1 Tne only restriction placed on , . , , the use of the Common Bible Fr. Casey emphasized the is within the liturgy such approval does not mean a the Mass. Only a national con-special Roman Catholic version ference, the National Catholic of the Bible has been approved, Welfare Conference, could ap- but that the version used by "f . f ihe ,'?mm!J , . . . , , Bible s text in the Mass and Protestants is now acceptable other forms of liturgy, for Catholics. No changes were made in the text. However, footnotes, articles on geography, language and other commentary have been added, and these, too, are approved. The 14 footnotes added gen erally deal with interpretation of language. One explains the use of the phrase "the brothers of Jesus, and points out that Catholics interpret "brothers" broadly to mean cousins or relatives. The Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha is a direct descendant of the King James Bible of 1611. Then followed the American Standard Ver sion of 1901 and the Revised Standard Version of 1951. None of the original Protestant material has been elimi nated, thus fulfilling the hope! of the Vatican Council that all! Catholics and Protestants! IMAGINE stereo record sets with 5 records per set for a mere $2.99 How Often SO LOW! sn WIRg 1 be early FRIDAY st 9:30 A.M. SURPLUS LOTS-JUST UNPACKED RECORD SETS EACH WITH 5 RECORDS STEREO only select from 8 TITLES BUDGET Continued from Page 1 "We have tried to allocate the money that is available in the general fund as best we can," Scibelli said. "Unfortunately, we can't appropriate money we don't have." This statement provoked an inquiry from Rep. John J. Toomey (D-Cambridge), who asked Scibelli why the ways and Means Committee did not provide the House with a balance sheet, as is normally done, to show how much surplus money is available. Scibelli said, only that there was a "small surplus" left over in the . budget, but that it would "disappear mighty fast if all the Republican amendments were adopted." Actually, there were very few Republican amendements . STARS IN STEREO VOLUME 1 Ray CharlM. Frank Sinatra, Harry Belafonta, Lasts Prima, Kly Smith, ftarl Bailey, Ttnmy Domy. 2. STARS III STEIEI VOL- VME 2 Laaa Ntraa, Jimmy Oian, Sank Vaaahaa, Kay Starr, lay CharlM. 1 3. STARS IN STEREO VOL UME 3 Davli Ron, Johnny Demand. Llintl Hamitan, EMch Liaht, Andn Privla. '209 4. COUNTRY AND WESTERN. 5. DISCOTHEQUE. 6. SHOUTING ON BROADWAY HIT SHOWS. 7. GREAT THEMES THE CLASSICS. FROM t. GREAT THEMES FROM. THE CLASSICS VOLUME 2. 1 Because this fine importer discontinued one of this patterns YOU SAVE FRIDAY 9:30 FAMOUS MAKE pattern SOLD only li FINE GIFT SHOPS III II II M discontinued its - 5 PC. Stainless Steel PLACE SETTING SAVE TWICE AS MUCH IMPORTED FROM SWEDEN r dinner fork, soup spoon, tea spoon, dinner knife, salad fork. Buy for yourself or for gifts. also extra matching pieces SOME LIMITED LOTS TABLE SPOON $149 ICE TEA SPOON 69c COFFEE SPOON 89c SERVING FORK COCKTAIL FORK $1 SERVING SPOON Plenty of HOT SUMMER days ahead BEAT THE 1 1 EAT PLAY IT COOL BUY 2 SUITS FOR LESS THAN THE PRICE OF ONE SAVE $$$$ FRIDAY at 9:30 A.M. LAST SUMMERS MEN 7 . 1 $2 J CAN YOU TELL the DIFFERENCE? adopted. 11111111 iiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiin iiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiniiiiiiiiiiif iiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii Gangland Murder Pushes 2-Year Total to 30 Underworld guns threat- And police quietly acknow- Charlestown. Hughes, a 36-year-old Mai- The car spun out of control, ened to erupt again Wed- ledged they anticipate step- Police attributed Hughes' den resident with a police careened over the center strip iiwua; " fcv..-ujj a.-ioaaaiiiaiiuiis. aeain io nis one-time close record dating back to his of longshoreman Cornelius Lt. John J. Donovan, head association with Edward teens, was believed heading Hughes. of the Boston Police Depart- Punchy McLaughlin, reputed home, just gafpre dawn, when Hughes, riddled with bu'l- ment homicide division, hud- gangland leader. another car pulled alongside lets as he drove on the North- died with state police and McLaughlin was shot to and open fire. east Expressway early Wed- M.D.C. detectives late Wednes- death last October as he was Bullets from a high pow nesday morning, Decame day at Boston ponce neadquar- Doaroing aous in west Kox- gangland's 30th victim over ters. - bury to attend his brother the past two years in Greater They indicated the investiga- George's murder trail at Suf- Boston. tion was beging centered in folk County courthouse ered automatic rifle, police said, pierced Hughes' car' sending several into the longshoreman. and burst into flame when it struck an expressway abutment in Rever, near the Chelsea line. Hughes was dead when passing motorists, and police responded. The assassins sped away unnoticed. SURPLUS TWO FINE MEN'S SHOPS see original prices, see labels, previous niarkdowns taken FAMOUS MAKE $3995 s5995 DACRON and COTTON SUMMER SUITS YOU SAVE FROM $20 to MO-$1 QC MOSTLY WASH 'n WEAR mostly wash 'n wear, dacron and cotton, and other colors include black, blue, tan, olive, solid colors or striprs IX LOT. 36 to 46 REGULAR, 37 to 42 SHORT, 39 to 46 LONG in lot. SIZES Our Unlqu Automttlo Plin Everything mull b EXTRAORDINARILY LOW priced to tell on Ight beforo reduction! of '4, 44 after 12, 18, or 24 selling dayteny remaining lots given away after 30 Mlling days to charity outleta. 8-t-r-a-t-c-h your dollara In Fllenet Banment. VISIT OUR NEW DRAPERY HARDWARE DEPARTMENT: " f iirirlri iTTU f wttjjgi ti.,tf1r.,jg,ilfl.

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