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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts • Page 18
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts • Page 18

The Boston Globei
Boston, Massachusetts
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Eighteen THE BOSTON DAILY GLOBE MONDAY, NOVEJITSER 14. 193S Bonn May Reverse Alliances In Favor of Soviet Union Birdman of Alcatraz Cfje Baity (lube fE.ibhfhfrt March 4. 1B7I Kicrmr first iMIKd Mutch 7, 1S78. Sundsv fdftion f.rrt irafl Ort. J4, i77) Puhiuhed by GLOPE NEWSrAFFR COMPANY n. vv nriiiiK inn nniun miHf. MONDAY, NOV. 14, 1955 SUBSCRIPTION KATEs LW1IV Sundav Jr Per Per Per Mo. Yr. Kennan on Germany Nightmare Shaping Up By JOSEPH AND STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Just a little more than 10 years ago, George F. Kennan sent from Moscow the dispatch that grimly and brilliantly charted the course of the cold war for the American Mo, Yr. IS 00 12.00 is no IB 20 1200 11.40 13 0 40 no .65 1 1 1 20 Ponton Postal Zrne New Eneland Stairs El.pwhere in United States At Canada 1 25 1.00 I 25 1.3S S.SO no no 22 no ISO olicr Foreign cnuniriM Globe Man's Daily Story Oisen, Chicago reporter, was writing brut expose magazine! which he said, leelc to convince you that io-and-o did such-and-such by the fort of logic used by Zeke "I law i rabbit climb a tree," laid Zeke. "And if you don't believ me, I'll show you the tree." ft tPieane do not lend rash, ue money orders or cherks.J 4 Park numbfr. iDer codvi: week or older. Sc riUy.20c Sundays: over 3 months old, out of print. F.ntered as "frond class mall matter at Rotnn. under the act of March 3, 1B7! 242 Washington St. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use tor renuhliiatlon of all-tht local nwi printed In this newsoaoer. THE STROUDS ARRIVED IN, SEATTLE only to gaze upon a charred, still smoking ruin. THE VANQUISHED A tvf i Government. Some weeks ago, George Kennan returned from a journey of inquiry in Europe. He then wrote a long letter about Soviet policy in Europe and especially about the German problem, which is the key to the European future. This Kennan letter shatters almost as many happy illusions as the historic Kennan dispatch of a decade past. It suggests, in fact, that the current Foreign Ministers' meeting at Geneva is a mere way station to the grand nightmare of Western diplomacy, which is a German reversal of alliances in favor of the Soviet Union. It needs prayerful pondering. His Trouble Started Before He Was Born Grandfather Left $1,000,000 but Parents Bequest Was Worry, Hate Robert Stroud has been in solitary confinement for 39 years. His crime two murders. He is forbidden to read newspapers or listen to the radio. He practically does not know anything about the world outside his jail Alcatraz. But for a while he was per-icounlry, discovering the cure of mitted to breed canaries in his a mysterious bird disease no one cell and has become one of the else could banish, greatest bird experts in the! to that. Eut he is no longer nis own master. A social revolution has made him a vassal where once he was lord of creation. He's never going to rise again, either. He is as permanently vanquished as ever were the Saxons by the Normans. In fact, he has so far forgotten how to be lord of creation he wouldn't know how to play the part. Whether this situation is good or bad there's no use debating. What is important is that both men and women realize their changed relationships, and try to make the best of them. Man will continue to take orders. He fought and lost, long ago. But women might try to be more gracious. The West Pointer, trained to command, generally makes a better officer than the 90-day wonder who feels his new importance. Women have come to power without learning how to rule. Everybody knows the bossy woman, the office tyrant, the whip-cracker in the home, the rigid enforcer of harsh rules. She gives the new ruling class a bad name. Indeed, she endangers all the new arrangements. Perhaps far-seeing women leaders of today should set up girls' schools for instruction in how to give orders. From such institutions could come women trained to boss men in such a way they wouldn't mind it. Among the graduates would be Governors, Senators and, no doubt, the first woman President. Even before 1920, of course, woman had her weapons. The sigh. The tear. The sob. The smile. The kiss. Charm. Today she uses other methods. The crisp command. The barked order. The brush-off. The deaf ear. Hiring and firing. Man dotsn't ask much. All he wants is a boss who knows the bossing business. UNCLE DUDLEY. Again, just the other day, somebody said that the American husband is a doormat. There's more to it than that. The American male's lot is that of the conquered. He made one bad mistake and he lost his freedom. When women demanded equal suffrage he should have granted it with a smile, at once. Instead, he resisted. Women turned feminists felt compelled to learn to fight. They did learn. In 1920 they won a battle which, we may now see after 35 years, was the beginning of man's utter rout. All of this happened gradually, without deliberate purpose. Women went into business by the millions. The school-houses they already owned. They entered the learned professions. They joined the Army and the Navy. In fact, to get out of the home became women's dearest ambition, and the invention of mechanical housekeeping aids (and the baby sitter) left them little to do there. They went into politics, the ministry, civic affairs, committees of all kinds. Long ago they conquered the suburbs, which they administer in the absence of the commuters. Nobody says women don't do things well. They do. They manage communities and homes. They are absolute social rulers. They even devised the cocktail party as a means of keeping men from doing their drinking with other men. They determine the education of children. They choose the destination of the Sunday afternoon drive. They decide what's to be eaten. They handle most of the money. They choose men's clothes. There's no use laboring the point. Human nature hasn't changed, but circumstances have. Man's lot, as always, is blood and sweat and toil. He's used He has written books, one bestseller. How he got into that grimmest of American jails, how he has survived four decades in solitary and why he has no hope of release this is the gripping story Thomas E. Gaddis tells in his new book, "The Birdman of Alcatraz," Random House. By THOMAS E. GADDIS If our troubles are those of our planned a new city even as the parents, Robert Stroud's began last embers smoked, before he was born. Ben found a tent, quartered his Ben and Elizabeth Stroud had family, and took a clerical job. not been married lone before For another, the situation in East Germany is now "beginning to become crucial." Almost all hope of liberation has been lost in East Germany since President Eisenhower's journey to the summit and West German Chancellor Adenauer's journey to Moscow. The East Germans who have not fled are accepting the Communist regime, and the youth are even becoming converted to it. For similar reasons, the situation in West Berlin also "shows signs of deteriorating." All these trends, In turn, are giving an extra edge to the desire for re-unification among the West Germans. The West Germans "fear that unless something is' done about unification soon, the whole eastern part of Germany will be morally and spiritually alienated." "Finally," continues Kennan, "there is the effect of the recent visit to Moscow by Adenauer and the large number of German figures who accompanied him. Leaving aside the Chancellor, I think it generally fair to say that the Germans returned from this experience somewhat shaken in the political sense, by what they saw please don't misunderstand me. These men are as much Westerners, In every fiber of their being, as you and I the last thing they want is to see Germany detached from the West. "They know, in the wooing of which they are the objects, that they have to do with a siren, and they are miserably conscious of the frequent and, in this instance, wholly probable wages of sin. And still the lady's image haunts their dreams, and they can't get away from it. "Why is this? It is partly because the West Germans know Now that the Geneva fiasco it drawing to its close, these reporters have been permitted to quota the following excerpts: "The Russians," writes Kennan, "will aim their diplomatic action from now on exclusively at the Germans, simply by-passing the Western governments, who have lent themselves most obligingly to being by-passed by working themselves into rigid, sterile, positions without alternaUves and without latitude for maneuver. Moscow may take Its time about wooing the Germans, confident that the Western governments are safely boxed in by walls of their own making. "Moscow's game, with regard to the Germans, will be first (to give) the East German Government a position of political respectability, so that it may have a voice in the eventual discussion of unification. Then the ventriloquists of Moscow will speak through Pankow (the East German capital); and what they will surely suggest to the Western Germans is that only one thing stands in the way of (German) unification the military bond with tha United States." "Surely ft Is not reasonable, it will be said to Bonn, that you should come into the discussion of unification, with your freedom of decision prejudiced by a military tie to another Great Power. Drop this and real discussion of unification can begin. Moscow figures it cannot lose by this approach." Kennan comtinues that Moscow's calculations seem likely to prove correct, for several reasons. For one thing, "the unification problem has now been activated for fair in German minds." that we cannot negotiate any further for unification (while) the Soviets lead them to hop that perhaps unification (can) had by direct German-Soviet ne. gotiations. Furthermore, they ara psychologically tired of us. For 10 years, they have wrestled with Western disunity, inde-cisiveness and vague pretensions of idealism. "It is more than refreshing, it ii downright intoxicating, now to meet up with the (Soviet) political personality which (shows) without sham a knowledge and assumption ef human evil; which speaks with e-ne voice rather than three; which hat something to give and is capable of delivering it if it wants to; and, above all, which talks the language of political realism to which central Europeans are accustomed: brutal, cynical, in one sense, but in another infinitely tubtle and sensitive." Kennan adds that Jn the exposed and ill-defended Berlin position, the Soviets can find many levers to force the West Germans to begin talking to the East Germans. levers, he thinks, will be ineffective unless tha Western powers "are determined to react, if necessary, -with real military preparations, and to the first encroachment (at Berlin) and not to the last and the French, not to mention the others, could not be further from any such readiness." Hence Kennan grimly concludes: "All these things lead me to believe that the chances are not bad for a Soviet success (in Germany). Adenauer may hold the line; but his successors are. not likely to." There could be no darker commentary on the smarmy public optimism of these last months. snouicierea nis out friction devel-o between them. Ben Stroud was a tall, handsome, pleasure-loving Indianan Elizabeth later claimed that he shared it with the bottle, and became abusive and The Stroud tent was exchanged for furnished rooms as Seattle swiftly rebuilt itself with a center of brick and iron, allowing wooden houses only farther out. In one of these, at the cold end of a January night in 1900, Robert Stroud was born. i of good family. He was sociable. IV ''X he enjoyed life, and when times were good made money. He had a roving eye and was not above sharing a bottle when the company was right. In Elizabeth he married a woman older than himself by several years, a widow with two small girls. She must have attracted him deeply. Elizabeth McCartney Schaeter Stroud was an attractive and What People Talk About formidable woman. First-born in a mixed family of 12, she grew up in a virtual dynasty founded by a remarkable pioneer, Judge J. F. McCartney. Frustration and High Blood Pressure McCartney had risen to Lincoln's call, fought through the Civil War, mustered out as a cap on Talbot-Blue Hill Av. Bus Line tain and settled in Metropolis, Elizabeth's long boy-hunger was fulfilled in this baby, and she nursed him with fierce protective tenderness. "When the child was born," she later wrote President Wilson, "his father ignored it. As he grew, the father became abusive toward him and often beat him and threatened to kill not only the child, but the entire family, in his drunken frenzy. As a result the child was never like other children." There is evidence that her picture of Ben was overdrawn. Elizabeth was to become a bitter and unforgiving woman, and she painted a dark picture in her subsequent fight for her son's life. She hugged her baby ever tighter against Ben indifference; and there is little doubt that Robert drew in father-hatred with his mother's milk. She called him Robbie. She nearly lost Robbie when, at 2', he fell ill with pneumonia. Elizabeth kept him from other children; the neighbors remarked that her apron strings were too long. While other boys were at marbles, Elizabeth taught him American history. She read aloud "The Ancient Mariner," and Robbie learned this by rote. She dominated him 111. He practiced law, founded a bank and helped organize the Prohibition Party. Later becom Editorial Points The Spirit of Geneva still is holding up pretty well except in Geneva. One of life's rude awakenings comes when you say "this side of 50," then realize. that you're talking about the other side. More people are defatigable than indefatigable, but are just too tired to look in the dictionary and discover what ails 'em. "Hand to mouth" was an expression which denoted poverty in Grandpop's day, when just being even was considered a hardship. The political experts feel that there's going to be a Solid South again in 1956, but can't seem to agree who'll be happy about it. Heather isn't as common in America as the number of streets named "Heather Drive" in new developments would indicate. In football, a "stubborn foe" is one which hasn't won a game, but usually holds the opposition to four or five touchdowns. Summer people in the country are the clever ones. They go home before the Fall people arrive with the artillery. To attract public attention, a citizvn need courtesy of railroads, the relatively small irritations of finding a parking space for an automobile and the half-dozen other reasons people will find for not riding the M.T.A., they might very well look homeward for their great deficits and the huge success of the automobile industry. i Dorchester. J. E. HAGLUND. ing a judge, he left a $1,000,000 estate whenie died at 48. No one could recall that ever chewed, drank or swore. His strongest epithet in anger was "Judas Priest." His oldest daughter, Elizabeth was married young to a serious farmer named Schaefcr. According to family sources, Schaefer administered beatings to the self-willed Elizabeth. When he set upon her during the pregnancy of her second daughter, she To the Editor In my opinion, although the M.T.A. has caused many a heartache, headache and earache, I think the people living in the vicinity of the Talbot and Blue Hill av. bus line must be the most stricken of any. Never have I seen situations more conducive to ulcer, panic, nervous frustration, unemployment and high blood pressure as I have had to witness in two years of riding this particular branch of the system. If you don't wait at Ashmont, with a hundred others, to try and get home at night, you wait and wait and wait in the morning at Blue Hill trying to get to work. One thing in favor though is that after waiting 20 minutes for a bus, three of four com along together. It is always a great source of wonderment to me when I see the comparatively fast service with the Washington buses out of Ashmont as opposed to the Talbot av. buses, and yet they both go to the same terminal and over much the same route. Bv the same token I am con ended the mismatch. Against her family's will, Elizabeth persuaded Ben to no west. They hoped to escape their Another Small Voice Raised in Protest To the Editor I wish fo add my voice to that of "Colleg Professor's Wife," who so eloquently described the injusticel of the salaries paid to cnllesa professors in this enlightened community. What of their salaries? Ask the college professor's wif who is trying to raise a famity in spite of not being able to bills (for essentials, mind you), hesitating to call a doctor when the children are ill becaus of the cost, not having the money to pay for the medicine he prescribes, not being able to clothe the children properly (never mind Daddy and Mommy a slight air of Bohemia is expected of the intelligentsia), not being able to make repairs though the house is falling apart, etc. ad infinitum. Yes, there is much talk about doing something about professors' salaries, but talk is cheap. Meanwhile, the colleges continue- trj spend millions on mortar and stone for splendid, beautiful, expensive new buildings. It ia-de plorable! We professors' wives cannot da much about it. The administrators would consider us crackpots and out-of-liners if we appeared before them (in our out-of-styl clothes and rundown heels), but at least we can each raise on small voice of protest in the pub. lie prints. A. P. 3. Newtonville. Military Politics Intrusion of the military into political domains normally reserved to civilian authority spells trouble for any nation. Especially is this true in country still struggling to build the tradition of democratic government. Brazil and Argentina are providing two conspicuous examples of truism, though curiously enough the military pressures operating in Brazil are being exerted in an effort to preserve constitutional rule, whereas the succession of military coups in Argentina stems from a bitter quarrel between exponents of extreme political reaction and champions of moderation. In both countries, the contemporary heritage of disturbances comes from preceding dictatorships, which subverted democratic rule to demagnguery, thus preparing the way for the present struggles. Vargas in Brazil, and Pernn in the Argentine, were precursors of today's ructions. But the real trouble in both countries la'y further back. It began when ultra conservatism a generation ago sought to stop the clock of political and social progress. Can This Be Virginia? While a majority of the states reveal, in reports just madeTniblic at Washington, their desire for Federal aid in school-building programs, Virginia is moving toward the idea of banishing all Federal connection with elementary and secondary education. That is the upshot of recommendations given Gov. Stanley by his Educational Studies Commission. By seeking to amend the yVir-ginie State Constitution to set up state-subsidized schools' for pupils whose parents want segregation continued, and to enlarge the authority of local school boards to act "in the interest of the community," obviously what this commission wants is to by-pass the Supreme Court decision. Some other dissident Southern states are moving in the same direction. This will surprise few, and dismay fewer. The struggle for non-discrimination in public schooling is bound to take time. Its outcome is a foregone conclusion regardless of political subterfuge. troubles by framing them in new surroundings. They chose Seattle and arrived utterly, and he gave her the in the Summer of 1889. only to v.hole his hrooding hrart (From "Birdman of Alcatraz. hy Thomas E. Gaddis. Random House. Copyright, 1955. by Thomai E. Gaddis. gaze upon a cnarrea, suu-smon-ing ruin. The town of 20,000 had burned to the ground two days before they arrived. Built entirely of wood, even to wooden sidewalks, town had collapsed in flame. Ben Stroud stood in the fringes of the 600 businessmen who NEXT The Stroud home cracked wide open when he was 13. He disappeared for eight monthi with tramps, "wobblies," bums. stantly amazed at the tolerance uf the people. The continue to put Pigeon Hill No Mystery To the Editor I have read the recent write-up about "The Mystery of Pigeon Hill" by K. S. Bartlett. There is no mystery about Pigeon Hill; it has gone by that name CO years or more to my knowledge. I know a lot about the hill, as I have lived there many years. I also knew the last of the Pigeon family. It could make a story nearly as good as the one K. S. Bartlett wrote. As I look at the pictures, I think someone made a mistake. The Hatch home is on Evergreen av. and not on Pigeon Hill road. If history is wanted, it is not found in the newer homes. Old homes is where that is found. There must be maps somewhere with Pigeon Hill marked on them. MRS. ELSIE V. BAILEY. Auburn, Me. Red Sox Lost Prestige? To the Editor If ever the Red Sox lost prestige, in my opinion it was in the recent deal with Washington. What are they thinking about? Can thev now blame the late Eddie Collins? Their general manager admits in your paper that if one player makes good in Washington the Senators got the best of the deal. yes. Washington made twice as many phone calls the Red Sox. MARY E. WALSH. Boston. "You Can't Tell What Might Come Out of Those Things" up witn Sloppy, siow service, sassy bus drivers who seemingly are allowed to set their own schedules, close the door on. your heels or slam it in your face. In all fairness, we must commend the excellent service where it is such, and it is no exaggeration that we hav one of th very best underground systems in America. However, in attempting to compete with the comfort, speed and Example of True only -find himself a member of the Board of Health when an epidemic starts. Astronomers predict the wirld will end in 10,000,000,000 years. Those with more faith in man's ability think he'll manage to blow it up long before that. Many honest persons don't want their fingerprints taken. Their notion is that they mean to stay honest, but if they happen to go bad they don't want to be easily traceable. Speedometers are marked up to 120 miles an hour, which isn't to be construed as a guarantee that you'li last an hour if you go even half that fast. Maybe the surpluses in cotton and olives could be wiped out in one stroke if somebody invented a real cotton gin. Farmer's aren't too concerned about the state of affairs, probably feeling that the gasoline pump will see them through the off season for vegetables and antiques. The average fisherman is a fellow who wonders whether it would be as much fun to catch a really big one and tell the truth about it. Argentina certainly is living up to its reputation as a big beef producer! Next logical step is for some of the old automobile designers to strike back by fashioning women's hats. Vacation cruises are blamed for the wreck of a marriage occasionally, but in the long run they do consfderably more damage to the institution of single blessedness. Folks usually look for a receipt when paying anything, including compliments. The dieter, suffering starvation pangs, can't help thinking that on a pig fat looks good. Germany and Japan lost the right to keep heavily armed, so have to be content with getting rich on the American toy market. Kext big headline; "Ike Swings Niblick." Favors Pensions for Children To the Editor I agree with th letter writer (What People Talk About, Nov, 9) about pension! for children. In England, when I was there two Summers past, I was told every child under II receives $1 for its own and th fathers cannot take that dollar and use it. The mother has it to use on the child or she can put it in the bank to start an account for it. Just before I came home. I saw In a paper where some man had been fined for using it. TJiey also have their orange juice and milk free. too. What do they do for little ones here, except through charity, and many would rather starve than let anyone know the father's pay wasn't enough to give the littl ones what they thould hav Taunton. I. Resolution Religious Help To the Editor In the Nov. 9 Globe Archbishop Richard J. Cushing has given an example of true religious help by inviting elderly people to a dinner given by him on Thanksgiving Day. Let everyone cooperate. Other churches could cooperate in tending baskets of fruit to their shut-ins, elderly and lonely. ALICE S. HARRISON. Quincy. Cartoonist Wins Praise To the Editor Congratulations to Dal Curtis for the wonderful work he is doing. The important message he injects into each story in the seriet "Rex Morgan, M. is a tribute to his fin ability. He has done mi ch to give the average person a clearer understanding cf mental iilness and cerebral palsy, and in this age of ignorance and fear his contribution to socxety is indeed praiseworthy. MRS. E. B. The Peacemaker The peacemaker has a proverbially hard time of it in this turbulent 20th century, when failures are more often publicized than victories. Yet, in the larger economy of human efforts to throw road blocks in the road to war, the energy and dedication of such figures as Sarah Wambaugh will be remembered gratefully by millions. This brilliant daughter of Kadcliffe, now dead at 73, was honored the world over for her labors in adjusting border disputes, both an official of the League of Nations and in the service of the United Nations. She per-aonified the idea that moderation and application of the principles of justice serve man better than periodic holocausts. of Thanks To the Editor We are happy to advise that the following resolution was passed at the 45th annual convention of the New England Section Jewish Welfare Board at Springfield, cn Sunday, Nov. 6: Be it resolved that we express our thanks and appreciation to the Boston Globe for its cooperation in publicizing the work of the National Jewish Welfare Board, the New England Section and its censutuent organizations. ABBEE W. TALAMO. Prtiiteat. Boston. Likes Rimes To th Editor I lov, Rimel of th Times Th'T're ful! HELEN TUTELBAUM. Eoston. (Hirblockl, 1

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