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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts • 20

The Boston Globei
Boston, Massachusetts
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0 Twenty THE BOSTON DAILY GLOBE THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1948 Wl)t Jiogton (globe Published bv GLOBE NEWSPAPER COMPANY 242 Washington St. Boston 7, Mass. Established March 4. 1872. Evening edition first issued March 7, 1878.

Sunday edition first Issued Oct. 14. 1877.) Female Medical College of 100 Years Ago Had Two Professors and Not Even a Skeleton Girl Students Called "Indelicate" When B. Medical School Opened THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21 SUBSCRIPTION BATES Daily Sunday Per Per Per Per Yr. Yr.

Mo. .80 .75 .95 By WALTER LI PPM ANN' Korea: Lesson for West in Germany "The side which first proposes a military withdrawal will have gained an immediate advantage The announcement from Moscow that Soviet troops have started to' evacuate North Korea, leaving behind a Communist-controlled "people's republic" and a conscript militia, may well afford a preview of things to come in Ger Mo. Boston Postal Zone 1.25 New England State 1.00 Elsewhere in United States 1.25 Canada, Newfoundland, Labrador. Central and South America 1 .35 15.00 12.00 15.00 115:20 30.00 8.60 8.00 11.40 1200 18.00 By MARY MURRAY O'BRIEN 1.00 1.50 Other Foreign Countries 2.50 tPlease do not eend cash'. Use money orders or At 2 Back numbers (per copy): 1 week or older.

5c daily; 2oc Sundays; over 3 raonthg old, out of print. Xntered as second class mail matter at Boston. under the act of March 3. 1879 S42 Washington St. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches.

ifcji rlT I ri many, latest intelligence from Berlin supports this idea with reports of a police force, of purges, and a forthcoming draft constitution in the Russian zone to prepare the ground for a proposal to withdraw the Armies of Occupation. Drew Middleton of the New York Times goes on to say that in the opinion of American officials in Berlin "a Russian withdrawal, announced by the -Russians Globe Man's Daily Story During the hurricane in Florida, a woman was terribly upset and couldn't sleep a wink. But her husband was sleeping as if nothing unusual was happening. Finally, she woke him up. "Darling," she said, this house is rocking as if it were going to blow away." go to sleep," he said.

"What difference does it make we only rent it." LM1 win r- at an international conclave, -would be an important Russian weapon in the Battle for Germany. For the freeing of Get-many from the occupation armies is a dream entertained by almost all German politicians. Most of them view it as a prerequisite of true German unity and a rebirth of the German state." There is little doubt that, if the I venture to suggest, mav at lert tCourtesy of. Frederick C. Waite, Ph.D.) snow us wnere.

to. look for th ORIGINAL BUILDING of the New England Female Medical College on Springfield st. in 1859 included a 12-bed hospital for women, largest in the United States at that time and forerunner of the New England Hospital for and Children A pioneer experiment in medical education, begun 100 years ago when 12 young women, enrolled at the New England Female Medical College for-instruction in medical subjects, is celebrated this week as the Boston University School of Medicine marks its centennial year. In 1848 the New, England Female Medical College, launched by popular subscription and without even a skeleton to illustrate lectures, consisted of two faculty members and the 12 students. Twenty-five years later it became the Boston University School of Medicine, a co-educational institution.

Today the school has 514 faculty members and students, 18 departments of instruction, and extensive clinical and research facilities. Founded by Dr. Samuel Gregory at Boston, the New England Female Medical College istarted In the parlor of a private residence in Franklin later occupied various quarters (-including the home of Dr. Winslow Leeds and rooms above a carpet dealer in Washington and in 1859 acquired an entire building, now the Home for Aged Men, in Springfield st. Finally, in 1870.

the corner stone of the building still used by the School, though considerably dwarfed by subsequent expansion, was laid. The courageous women who first studied at the school had more to worry them than the maneuvering of their hoopskirts. Opposition to their ambitions came from many quarters, including the Massachusetts Medical Society. Arguments against them ranged from the indelicacy of women entering the medical profession to the assertion that the ladies couldn't "get around." Financial difficulties beset the sponsors. Physicians balked at joining the faculty and some who made contributions insisted that they be credited to "a friend" to avoid the ill will of their professional brethern.

One of the few compensations the women students had was the current cost of food in this city board was $3 a week but even that was relative. The women's rights movement had gained a foothold in the country, however; proponents of the abolition of slavery were support- ing "liberal" ideas Harriet Beecher Stowe and William Lloyd Garrison, whose mother was a midwife, indorsed the school; and Boston, along with Philadelphia, Two Germanys At Bonn, this week, representing the several German Lander or "states" in the Western occupied area, have been putting the finishing touches on a draft charter of "basic law" for Western Germany. This document, after study by the Military Government, will, it is expected, provide the constitutional foundation for, an overall government in the West. The new German state thus devised would make provision for future adherence on the part of the Lander now within the Russian zone. These steps toward reestablishment of a German state have elicited counter action by the Russians in their zone.

Accordingly, on Friday of this week, a delegation in that part of the quondam Reich which has been drafting a "basic law" for Eastern Germany as a whole, will present its draft to the Communist-directed "Council" of Eastern Lander for adoption. The process of setting up two German states thus speeds along its way, East and West. It seems possible, however, that the Russians may be preparing a bit of drama in this matter. A few weeks ago, it will be recalled, the Russians proposed simultaneous withdrawal of all occupying forces from Germany as a means of halting the quarrels between East and West in Berlin. That suggestion fell flat.

Now reports of refugees and other observers from within the Eastern or Russian zone in Germany suggest that the Russians may be preparing to do in Eastern Germany, what they have already done in Northern Korea. There, after setting up a firmly-based Northern Korean Communist regime, with a strong army, they are evacuating their troops. Means at their disposal in Eastern Germany for such amove are ample. Recent purges of the Socialist Unity party, return of hundreds of painstakingly indoctrinated and trained former German war prisoners from Russia, and a heavy expansion of the Eastern zone police formations, lend strength to the re-" ports. A Russian military evacuation of Eastern Germany would complicate the plans of the West, delay formation of a German regime, and might add astronomically to the costs now borne by the United States.

It would also throw a monkey wrench into Allied export plans for Western Germany, thus maiming the Marshall plan. Showdown in France The hour of test in the coal strike has arrived for the de Queuille regime at Paris. Fortunately, results of the recent polling for electors who will select the new Council of the Republic have strengthened the hands of the government. Communist strength dropped nearly one-third, and de Gaulle has failed to fulfill his claims of growing popularity. This leaves the center parties stronger than they have been for months, at the moment when the Communist forces behind the continued coal strike have begun to try open sabotage of the mines and violent opposition to the laws of the Republic.

M. de Queuille and his associates cannot ignore this challenge, which is revolutionary in its implications. Their resolute response indicates that they have sized up the crisis correctly. V.f Hazards of Radio Listening While the Federal Communications Commission and the major broadcasting networks are locked in battle over the question of "giveaway programs," a farmer out in Ohio has demonstrated that this dispute is no academic affair. Preferring, himself, to listen to a "giveaway" program, he met with vigorous opposition from his tenant, who insisted on tuning in on a Jack Benny session.

He shot the tenant. Will this episode influence the hearings of the FCC? The commission says "giveaway" programs are lotteries and should be banned. The networks deny it. Perhaps the FCC is bringing the wrong indictment against the programs. If radio listeners take to.

shotguns over them, the real complaint should be that they incite to violence. was a stronghold of both move-, ments. It was no coincidence that the first two medical schools for women were established in -Bos-, ton and Philadelphia. The first students were chiefly interested in obstetrics and med- ical problems relating to their own A small dispensary for women and children was opened in 1852,. and part of, the building; in Springfield once the college had moved there, was converted into a 12-bed hospital for women, the largest of its kind in the country.

It was the forerunner of the New England Hospital for Women and Children, founded and directed for more than 30 years by Marie Elizabeth Zakrzewska, a faculty member of the Female Medical College. In 1873 the college fell upon hard times. The Boston fire of the previous year had put 1800 Boston firms out of business, many of them generous contributors to the school. The path of survival seemed to lie in affiliation with a strongly established university. -Harvard at first approved a plan to take over the college, to be run as a separate medical school for women only, but in view of its own fire losses downtown Inter decided against the proposal.

Bos- ton University, two of whose founders Jacob Sleeper and Isaac Rich were wealthy men, accept ed the application for merger. The college became the Boston University School of "open to students of both sexes on uniform terms and conditions." The history of the institution since that time has been one of steady growth. During the horse-and-buggy period, 1873-1900, when Dr. E. Emmons Paine (now 96 and the oldest professor emeritus) was superintendent of the West-boro State Hospital, a large barge drawn by two horses brought B.

U. students to his psychiatric clinic at Westboro. Dr. Paine lectured for 38 years at the school, always without compensation ict even the expenses of traveling to and from Westboro. After the turn of the century, clinical facilities were increased with the addition to the Massachusetts Homeopathic Hospital fnow Massachusetts Memorial Hospitals) of the Haynes Memorial, for contagious diseases, the Robinson Maternity Department, and the Evans Memorial for Clinical Research and Preventive Medicine.

In 1918 the school formally abandoned the teaching of homeopathy. Today the school is rated class A by the school is rated class A by the American Medical Association, numbers many distinguished scientists among its faculty, and has 2500 graduates all over the world upholding its fame. Russians actually begin to withdraw their army, as in North Korea, or if they come forward with a proposal that all the armies withdraw, Mr. Marshall and Mr. Bevin could be caught off balance and seriously embarrassed.

The question, perhaps the weightiest in its immediate difficulties and its long consequences, is whether Mr. Marshall and Mr. Bevin are prepared to deal with a Russian initiative of this kind. It could be the decisive event in the so-called cold war for political influence upon the destiny of Europe. For the side which first proposes a military withdrawal will have gained an immediate political advantage, not only in Germany, but in Eastern Europe, and in most other countries, over the side which refuses to withdraw and has been maneuvered into arguing that military occupation should continue.

The main consideration which has prevented us from seizing the initiative, from making ourselves the champions' of the liberation of Europe from the Russian armies, is the knowledge that if and when the Russian armies go they will Jeave behind them, as in Korea, a Communist puppet government with the apparatus of secret police and native Communist military forces. This is in truth the problem to which an answer must Le found. In considering it we must, however, remember that an answer will have to be found if Moscow-proposes the withdrawal. We cannot count much longer, as we have for over a year, on avoiding this difficult problem by not making the proposal ourselves. If we proposed withdrawal, we should, of course, need to have the answer.

But if the Russians propose it, we shall also need to have the answer. Therefore, the difficulty of answering it is not a'sufficient reason, is indeed no reason at all, for renouncing the initiative, and all the moral and political advantages that will go to the side which first proposes the end of military occupation, and of the dreadful danger of war rising from the fact that non-European armies confront each other in the heart of Europe. There is a crucial difference between Korea and Germany which. answer to the question: What happens in western Germany if all the occupation forces retire, leaving eastern Germany under Communist control with German Communist military forces? Korea has never in this century had an army. If Northern Korea has an army now, it had to be trained by Russians.

If Southern Korea has no army, it is because we have not -ained an army. But the situation in Germany is radically different. Virtually the whole adult male population of Germany has had military training. Millions cf the Germans are veterans, and there is no dearth' of Germany officers. Therefore, if there are German military forces in the Russian zone, it is not because the Russians have, as in Northern Korea, organized them.

It is because they have authorized them. In the western zones, unlike Southern Korea, the Germans are demilitarized because we insist on it, not because there is a vacuum of military force. We could easily fill that vacuum by authorizing the Germans to fill it. The real problem in Germany is, therefore, what German- military force is to be authorized. There is no doubt that from the Germans of the West a larger force can arise than from the much smaller eastern zone.

Consequently, the West is a very good position to negotiate with the Russians on the crucial question of the size, the composition, the political cr-trol of a German, police, militia, and constabulary. It is not true a proposal to withdraw the occupying armies would leave us with a situation like that ir. Korea; with organized power in the former Soviet zone and a military vacuum in cur zone. The vacuum in our German zones would be filled rapidly, perhaps instantly, by the German veterans and their officers. The fact that it would probably be-filled, if not with Nazis, cer-tainly with German Nationalists, would be a most compelling Tea-son, both for the Russians and for ourselves, to negotiate an agreement which regulates German military recovery, and provides guaranties against the revival of German aggression.

(Copyright. 1948 Boston Glnbe-New Yorsi Herald Tribune, Inc.) What People Talk About Count on Farmers to Garry -Truman's Home State for Him Pickpocket's Victim To The Editor There's probably nothing that a city the size of Boston can do about pickpockets except to take a little friendly advice from a couple of heartbroken young newlyweds, who lost a week's pay at the hands of some light-Angered Louie on the Park-to-Coolidgo Corner rapid transit the other day. Perhaps it can be blamed on the overcrowded, tightly-packed subway cars; perhaps, because of public indifference, the fault lies -partly with something rotten in Boston, or perhaps shoulder strap bags are too great a temptation. My wife was on the last lap of her hour-long trip home, after teaching all day in Quincy, with her arms full of books and teaching materials. The story is easy to construct from How quickly a dark cloud can settle on a gay heart! And Mother Hubbard's cupboard was bare.

I'm a non-veteran graduate student at Boston- University, which is not far from our home; therefore, my experience with street cars is limited. But I fully understand the plight of those who must spend two hours a day in them. You may class this letter as either a complaint or a catharsis, but I hope that it may prove helpful to someone. ROLLAND W. JONES.

Brookline. A BOSTON TEXTBOOK Of all the subjects taught in the schools, civics the science of government appears to be one of the easiest and is, in fact, one of the most difficult. Government is so much a part of everybody's daily life, its activities are so thoroughly reported and discussed, and its tools are so widely used, even by citizens who pretend to no part and no interest in public affairs, that the task of. teaching the subject would seem to be a simple matter of giving shape and meaning to everyday knowledge. Civics teachers and their pupils know better.

Government is a highly complex set of problems whose solutions seem easiest only when they are least understood. A fair presentation of these problems, and the preparation of boys' and girls' minds to cope with them intelligently, tax the energy and the resourcefulness of both instructor and student; It is not surprising, therefor that Prof. John J. Mahoney, in writing the foreword cf a new civics textbook about Boston, should, by way of praise for this particular effort, describe the hazards of authors in this field of study. "Secondary school students sometimes dislike the subject of civics," he says, "because, as sometimes taught, it is concerned for the most part with government as it would operate in a Utopia and does not deal realistically with the vital problems which are featured in the press as matters of prime importance.

This criticism, when it can be justified, is a valid Instruction in civics lacks value if the subject is looked upon by students as one to be studied, passed, and gratefully forgotten. The main purpose of teaching civics is to produce an abiding interest in issues that, affect the public welfare, and a disposition to translate that interest into intelligent civic action." "Surging Cities," the book in which these remarks of his appear, cleaves stoutly to Prof. Mahoney's suggested main purpose. Sponsored by the Greater Boston Development Committee, an organization of 200 men or women who work for the advancement of planning and the construction of physical improvements for the Boston region; written by three of the committee's staff its executive director, its engineer and, its planning analyst and published with the assistance of the Edward A. Filene Good Will Fund, it is aimed "at developing among the young citizens of Greater Boston a better understanding of planning problems, and at encouraging a broader participation in their solution." No student who uses the book is likely -to complain of a want of realism, in its approach to the subject.

The more than 280 pages of text, maps, photographs and plans which take the reader from consideration of the growth of cities generally to examination of the growth of American cities and, finally, Boston, gloss over none of the tragic mistakes of planning, or the lack of it. On the other hand, the authors do not rest their case, for this region's future on a record of lost opportunities. Every current proposal for Greater Boston's improvement, now and in the future, is included. The student who is asked to work with the book must develop the strongest sort of resistance to ideas if he is to come away without considerable knowledge of the region's traffic, transportation, housing and industrial handicaps and the efforts being made to overcome them. Publication of the book is an unusual community enterprise, which will be rounded out whfcn a copy is made available to every student in the local high schools and academies.

What comes of the effort then no one can foresee. But, as the book itself says, "Many good plans for needed public improvements have never been carried out due to lack of public support. Many other plans have been onlys partially carried out because the public that once supported them was willing to work only for a short while, and then lost interest. The moral is clear. Working for civic needs it not a one month's job, nor even a one year's job.

It demands many years of devotion to the cause. of the public service." Is it not probable that a textbook like this one, its lessons made more memorable by good teaching, should fire some imagina-' tions, inspire the necessary devotion to the cause in some minds, and work for Greater Boston's future good? UNCLE DUDLEY. itself admirable), V. Saxon from time to, time presents Gen. Charles dcGaulle as a model savior of France.

A recent letter appreciatively mentions two other strong men in the history of that nation. One was the Emperor Napoleon, a wrecker, who for 20 years, more or less, bled France white with his senseless wars; the other was Louis Napoleon, a nephew of the first, who became Emperor a couple of years after taking the Presidential oath of faithfulness to the republic. This versatile gentleman chHllenccd the Monroe Doctrine by trying to pull a plum out of the Mexican pie while the United States was occupied with the Civil War, but with the Union victory he beat a hasty retreat. In 1870 he attacked Prussia and was promptly defeated. After this debacle, France again became a republic, When so-called strong men achieve power, disaster almost always follows.

If deGaulle does the Napoleon act in France, civil war quite likely will result. If he wins, or if there is no civil war, he may have a year or two in-which to reflect upon what happened to strong man Mussolini and strong man Hitler. ALEXANDER E. WIGHT. Wellesley Hills.

Reserves Lacked Funds To the Editor President Truman has ordered a vigorous program to build up and train military reserve units and Charles G. Ross, Presidential secretary, has "made the announcement that the Navy and Marines got ahead of the Army and Air Forces in or ganizing their reserves. The National Guard also has made greater progress than the Army and Air Force Reserves. What the general public may not know is that funds were not appropriated by Congress to conduct an organizing of reserves such as has been undertaken by the National Guard, the Navy and Marine Corps. Many members of the Officers Reserve Corps and Enlisted Reserve Corps have given freely of their time and services to hold some semblance of organized activity.

Commencing in January, 1949, -some money has been appropriated in inactive duty training pay to officers and enlisted men of the Organized Reserve Corps. This will be distributed over the ensuing year to perhaps some 500,000 personnel. However, many reservists will not be included, as sufficient funds have not been appropriated. This lack of funds, however, has "not deterred and will not deter those of us who have been actively interested in the future security of our nation. It appears to be the policy of the present administration to withhold the facts concerning that which is vital to our national security.

Let us hope and pray that it does not jeopardize our might in peace as well as in war. HAROLD L. EMRICH. Roslindale. i By DORIS ST.

LOUIS The new allegiance of farmers to President Truman willhelp him win his home state in an election certain to bring I EDITORIAL POINTS Maybe one reason politics is popular is that it provides a good excuse for a little character assassination. out a heavy rural vote because of a road-building gasoline-tax proposition. The Democrats claim this, as a mathematical certainty and various polls support FLEESON county courts with the remaining $4,000,000 going to cities and towns. Ordinarily, the bulk of the rural Missouri vote is Republican and it has taken St. Louis Democratic majorities to overcome it.

This year the St. Louis registration i disappointing: instead of an ex- pected 425,000, the total is 398 ooo. i But here, as elsewhere. Democrats confidently claim the farm vote in larger proportions than appeared in other years. Republicans angrily claim, that agents of the Department of Agriculture have feloniously aroused the fears and anxieties of the farmer, but they are forced to admit that the 80th Congress and its economizing is unpopular on the farm.

In an case, Democijats are assiduously cultivating that soil and predict a large crop of votes. them. They also A rely on labor An stadium for Boston is proposed, so that there'll be room for more persons to be trampled in the ticket rush. Inventing a foolproof automobile would be easy, if motorists would be content to get along without wheels. France's 'Strong Men' To the Editor With admirable persistence (if persistence is in grievances against the Republican state ticket, as well as its national hate against the Taft-Hartley act.

And they expect solid Negro backing especially important in St. Louis, where between Nothing like the record of Uncle Sam's proteges in Greece and China has been seen since the day the village spendthrift picked eight losers in a row at Wonderland. How to Torture Your Husband By H. T. Webster QUICK Get UPVWD CHANGE VouR CLOTHES The a lourtn ana a nrm or tne state total vote is polled.

They do wish they had more money to combat a vigorous spending Republican campaign. Privately they admit to being very hard up. Gov. Dewey has had from the start the support of the Kansas City Star, and has lately picked up a new recruit, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

That liberal, crusading newspaper confessed to misgivings, but feeling it must take a position, found him the best of the possible alternatives. The President, as he is fond of relating, ran well in his last Senate race here after he had been all but written off. He was, inci eLCAFCfS AFtE OvER RIGHT AWAY AND "ThSYRG BRIMO lVO -TFieiF HOUSe GUESTS. You KWOW TneM LL-MR. AMD MRS.HORSeFeATHeFK-yGU CT THcM Two'VRS AGO AT Tfr" FROBISH'S THCRe IS MISS HOFFCMHOPPeR Vbu PLAVeD BRIDGE VJWH HeRONCe.

mrs. Dfp i hiTocrnu Vou A7erAT-me coumtrv club a Few MONTHS AGO. OONT ASK ABOUT HCR HUSBAWD TneV WfiKe divorccd last week. ftY wot To cll One Election Day result can be predicted with certainty right now. Ten thousand steady drinkers will forget that the bars are closed.

Residents of Boston who like to ride out through the interior suburbs take care to get home, it may be noticed, before the sun and the temperature start dropping. The Navy has so many ships it will celebrate Navy Day by sending a war vessel to every city in the country except Des Moines. For jacking deer, Massachusetts hunters have been fined $200, or rather more than it costs to jack humans in Maine. Punting a football barefooted is considered remarkable, but jt's really not so wonderful as sending a kick 560 miles through the mail. The trouble with Drain work is that nobody can be sure it's that kind when it's all done.

TrVe HORSfcTFcTATrWeRS HOfSG COLLAR WOW( AND CLEAN up rfns Mess lWmk ill'll CLEAN UPTfIS BEFORE YdCji Go uPfo DRess 'The Greater Values' To the Editor Residents of Sudbury, Wayland and Lincoln are much disturbed by the effort of the Edison Company to run an overhead power line through their woods and ancient pastures, and across their great water meadows. The proposed line could be put underground take a shorter course, but that would cost more. 'The company therefore goes in for the saving of money rather than the saving of the higher values of life the beauties and associations that it has taken hundreds of years to create. Utility and the saving of money are not the only things we need as human beings. We need beauty.

We. need the preservation of historic associations such as the site of the garrison house of. Walter Haynes. We need to save from long-lasting disfigurement such things as the flooded meadows on which 376 egrets settled during the Summer, and which hundreds of people came to look at. It would be easy to let the lovely country around Sudbury.

Wayland and Lincoln be spoiled in order to save initial expenditures, but the cost in the greater values of life would outbalance the money that would be saved. It is good that a utility company endeavor to Save the people's money. But it Is not good that a utility company, or any other group, should ravage the beauty which, in the deeper sense, constitutes the food of life; no less than do meat and drir.k. If it is insisted that we be "prac-; tical," let it be considered how the overhead power lines would lead to the devaluation of prop- dentally, never forgotten the name of anyone who was against him on that occasion. Some Mis-sourians think his present difficulties will arouse a helpfully chiv-arous emotion toward him this Fall.

There is no Missouri Senate race until 1950, when, if Mrs. Truman's wishes for her husband prevail, he may be one of the contestants. The two state tickets this year are described as unremarkable except that the Democrats have a vote-getter, Forrest Smith, running fpr Governor, who is stronger than Truman and could win even if Dewey nosed out the President. As state auditor, Smith sent the old-age pension checks from his office, a clerical job to which he astutely imparted over the years a highly personal flavor now standing him in good stead. The Republican candidate for Governor, Murray Thompson, is the present Speaker of the House of Representatives and a zealous legislator who angered labor with anti-strike bills and St.

Louis with a bill for local option. The rural counties are reported as believing that the gasoline tax proposals on the ballot will help them get out of the mud. It is aso popular because it will 'give $8,000,000 directly to those coun-. ties for road expenditure by their Revolutionists in Korea stole a train, but we won't be able to measure their success until we learn whether they made it run on time. For every man who notices women's hats, 59 get round shoulders from looking at ankles.

The cold war between East and West comes at an awkward time, when that old North and South trouble is coming up again. A correspondent nominates for meanest person the woman who gave for the rummage sale a picture puzzle with seven pieces missing. o- Europe has now so far recovered that its cleaning establishments are now able to give Uncle Sam wonderful service. Among interesting giveaway programs is that of the public speaker who reveals himself. New England town government would be a cinch if it weren't for the unpleasant business of taxes.

erty holdings. To put them underground would cost more at the moment, but we need to take the long view. WINFRED RHOADES. Sudbury,.

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