The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 8, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, April 8, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Published ft«U» FOURTEEN PAGEI Exwptsund.y SINGLE COPY FIV1 CENT! YOL. LI—NO. 18 BlythevlUe Courier BlytlMvilto Dally Nem Blythtvllle Herald lppI VaUcj Lnder BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 8, 1955 Foreign Cotton Market Lacks Dollars: Benson WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Agriculture Benson told members of Congress today the most serious obstacle in expanding sales of U. S. cotton abroad is a shortage of dollar earnings by importing countries. * The most practical measure MacMillan Gets Eden's Cabinet Post in Shakeup Friend of U.S. U Picked as New Foreign Minister By STANLEY GODFREY LONDON tfl — Britain has a Bliffhtly younger Cabinet today. Prime Minister Eden's first government shakeup shifted Defense Minister Harold Macmlllan to the Foreign Ministry and elevated Selwyn Lloyd from supply minister to the defense job. The new appointments were announced last•' night after Eden's first cabinet, meeting since he took over Wednesday from Sir Winston Churchill. They cut the average age of the 18 ministers from 58Vz years to 55Yz years. Eden himself Is 57. 9 Other Changes The reshuffle involved nine other government posts, including one Cabinet job, two non-Cabinet ministries and six lower level appointments. The comparatively small number of changes—generally considered about the fewest Eden could make without retaining the Foreign Ministry—increased still more the speculation that he may be planning to call a general election soon, possibly May 26. Macmillan's appointment to the Foreign Ministry, the post Eden formerly held, had been widely predicted. Like Churchill, he is half American. His mother is the former Helen Tarleton Belles, of Spencer, Ind. A diplomatic trouble shooter during World War II, the handsome, 60-year-old Macmillan was" named housing and local government minister when the Conservatives came to power in 1951. His success at that job led to his appointment to the Defense Ministry last October. Like both Eden and Churchill, he is a staunch friend of the United Slates and a believer in step-by- step diplomacy. Ex-Mlnlster of State Lloyd is a genial, bustling lawyer who made his mark as one of Eden's two ministers of state at the Foreign Office. Before taking over the Supply Ministry six months ago, he was Britain's chief delegate at the United Nations. There he gained renown for his agility in debates with Russia's Andrei Y. VIshinsky. The other Cabinet change involved the secretaryship for commonwealth relations. Viscount Swinton, 70, retired from the post and Was replaced by the Earl of Home. Swinton was awarded an earldom, a step up in the peerage, for his work in Churchill's administration. These were the two non-Cabinet; ministry replacements: j Reginald Maudling, 40, former I economic secretary to the Treasury, was given Lloyd'r old Supply Ministry. Dr. Charles Hill, 51, a popular radio personality and former junior official in the Health Ministry, was named postmaster general, succeeding Earl de la Wnrr, who resigned. to aid in expansion of agricultural markets abroad, he declared, i passage of the reciprocal trade legisltion now pending in the Senate. Benson replied to a group of House members who recently urged him to dispose of surplus U. S. cotton abroad at competitive world prices. Producers Need Protection "In doing this," Benson wrote the Congressmen, "it is necessary to consider not only the time and manner in which it will take to dispose of the cotton but also to provide adequate assurances that the producers and the government will be adequately protected." Benson said, because of their dollar shortages, other count] importing cotton have, attempted to meet their needs through purchases from nondollar areas. Production Stimulated "Cotton production has thereby been stimulated in other parts of the world directly in competition with the U. S.," he said. Enactment of the reciprocal trade act would aid in expansion of markets abroad, Benson said, adding: "In the case of cotton, it will be necessary to increase exports to nearly 40 per cent of the U. S. annual production in order to achieve our goal of six million bales. This can be done only if other countries are permitted to earn the dollars With which to increase their purchases In this country." Russia Farmers Chicled Again Khrushchev Warns Of Lack of Initiative In Crop Outputs MOSCOW Itfj—Communist party boss Nikita S. Khrushchev wound up a top-level agricultural conference last night by chiding Soviet farmers for failing to show initiative in boosting their crop output. The session, closing a three-day farm managers' parley in the Kremlin, was part of the mammoth Soviet campaign to boost lagging food production and especially the output of grain and livestock. Bulg-anin Attended Khruschhev has been attending number of such meetings throughout the Soviet Union, but the Kremlin conference took on particular importance in view of attendance by Premier Nikolai Bulganin, Minister of Electric Power Stations Georgi Malenkov and other top Soviet officials. The meeting was held for agricultural leaders of the Russian Republic, largest of the 16 Soviet republics. Khrushchev said too many collective farm managers were relying on Moscow to do their thinking and warned that they had bet- i ter Icarn quickly to use their own I judgment. He ,-,'aid the Central Committee of the Communist party hac spelled an end to strict centralization last January and had placec responsibility for most farm planning on the Individual collective farms. Under the new setup, be said fanners had a chance to sow what Duluth. Minn. (An—Albert WoU- \ crops they thought best, for their fj\vn region. But, he said, too man> had failed to meet the challenge arid were content to follow blanket directives. FACE LIFTING — Blytheville's Courthouse underwent a small face lifting as workman pictured here replaced the old canvas awnings with new green aluminum ones. The work was done by Smith Awning Co. of Blytheville. Earlier this week men from the county farm began preparations for black-topping the alley between the courthouse and the county jail. The ,olcl awnings were torn by the high winds that prevailed here during the winter months. (Courier News Thoto} State Department Abolishes Job Held by Edward J. Corsi By LEE GARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) — The State Department is abolishing the job it gave only, three months ago to Edward J. Corsi, who since has become the target of repeated attacks by Rep. Walter (D-Pa). ' Corsi confirmed last night that he is being dismissed, effective Sunday, as special consultant to Secretary of State Dulles on refugee and immigration problems. He said he was told Wednesday the job was "a temporary one" and that it was not being renewed. "I would not have taken the job* —. .— . ,o begin with if I had known it was a 90-day appointment," Corsi said. Walter and Corsi have dilfered sharply on basic immigration policy, but Walter has based his at- ,acks largely on charges that Corsi lad associated with. Communist- dominated groups. Corsi has Old Veteran III son, 108, last surviving Union soldier of the Civil.War, had a "pretty good" night" at St. Luke's Hospital where he is confined with lung congestion. Meditat Mis for LENT By DR. .1. CARTER SWAIM Dcpt. of English Bible, National Council of Churches Written for NEA Service At the southernmost tip of Africa is the Cape of Good Hope. The promontory has not always borne this name. The Portuguese navigator, Bartholomew Diaz, was the first to sail around It, in 1488. He called it Cape Troublesome. All that he could see was a rocky point with boundless watery wastes to the right and the left. What better name than one #hich would suggest turbulent waters and the danger of shipwreck on a lonely shore? Yet his sovereign officially named it Cape of Good Hope. Is this x mere euphemism arising out of the primitive belief that if you give an evil object a good name its dangers will disappear? Or did the monarch know that this was the opening not only of a new trade route but of new lanes of knowledge, and that here one day a great city would be built? It was on Friday of Holy Week that our Lord was done to death: "when ther came to the place which IK called The Skull, there they crucified Him" (Luke 23:33, RSV). Had we been naming this day, we should no doubt have called it fl Day of Gloom, or Day of Infamy, or Blnck Friday. But thp church has seen fit to call it Good Friday. Is this an attempt to gloss over an evil memory Dy a beneficent name? Nay, rather, it is our assurance that this is God's Friday, the day on which Cbrisi'a wow, tht center of «ternlty, decame thi center of hlstor/. strongly denied the allegations. Corsi said he was notified of his dismissal by Asst. Secretary of State Loy W. Henderson, who he said "wanted me clearly to understand my situation is not a matter of security." Was Confirmed State Department officials confirmed this and said they have not completed their investigation of torsi's background and the charges Walter has made. At his home Easton,, Pa., Walter said he lad no comment on the develop- nent. Corsi said he was (old lie would ie offered another unspecified post n the State Department, "but I mve not made up my mind whether I care to continue or not." Corsi was appoint id by Dulles especially to .speed up the refugee mmigrant program. The law au- horizes special admission for 214,r 000 immigrants by the nnd of 195i>, but only about 22,000 have been given visas to enter the United States since the program became effective 17 months ago. At the time of his appointment, Dulle.s addressed Corsi as "my dear friend," and said he Was the man best qualified in the United States to get the program moving. President Eisenhower, at his news conference last week, said he knew nothing of Walter's charges, but that Dulles had said Corsi was very valuable in the post. Denied Membership Walter ha.s* charged repeatedly that Corsi was associated with the Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born, an organization since listed by the attorney general as subversive. He has said Corsi's name appeared on a 1940 pamphlet of the organization as a member of the board of directors. Cor.si has denied membership in the organization and has said any .such use of his name was unauthorized. Walter, also declared that Cor.si was associated with the National Lawyers Guild, now fighting to avert a subversive listing by the: attorney general, and the United Office and Professional Workers Union (UOPWA), which was ousted by the CIO in 1950 as Communist-dominated. Walter later .said he was in error in mentioning the Lawyers' Guild. Claims Evidence Corsi, a former New York state industrial commissioner, said he may have addressed a union dinner in that capacity, but has denied membership or any diract as- U. S. French Officials Plan Indochina Talks WASHINGTON (AP) — American and French officials are reported planning to meet April 20 to seek better coordination of their sometimes conflicting policy in Red-threatened Indochina. John M. Stevens Rites Tomorrow Came to Area In 1916 and Became Pioneer Farmer 1 The sessions probably Madison , Stevens, Sr., 74 pioneer Mississippi County Soil District Hearings Set Hearings to study organization of a Mississippi County Soil Conservation District have been scheduled for April 19. First hearing will be at 10 a.m. n the Osceola Court House. A sirn- lar hearing Is scheduled for Bly- thevllle's Court House at 2 p.m, that day. Hudson Wren of Wilson ic to pre•id* John of Dell, fanner nnd owner of extensive farm and business holdings, died yesterday afternoon at n hospital in Meridian, Miss., following lengihy illness. In addition to farm business interests throughout Mississippi County, Mr. Stevens, until his th failed, was a stockholder and director of First National Bank here. Coming to this area in 1B16 from Gore Springs, Miss., where he was born. Mr. Stevens went Into partnership with C. C. Langston and formed tho Barksdale Farm. Founded Gin He continued to increase his land holdings and in 1923 founded the Stevens Gin Company at Dell in partnership with his brother, the late Coleman Stevens, He also held stock in Osceola Foods, Inc., Osceola Products Company and Blytheville Fertilizer Corp. In 1918 be married the former Miss Amber McC'argo of Olive Branch. Miss. Mr, Stevens has been credited with having helped a number of young men get started in farming in this area. He was a member of the Dell Methodist Church nnd a Mason. Rites Tomorrow Services will be al 10 a, m, tomorrow at Dell Methodist Church by the Rev. -E. H. Hall assisted by the Reverends M. £. Griffin, Grndy WHk.« and Harvey Kidd. Burial will be In Elmwood Cemetery with Holt Funeral Home in charge, , Survivors include his wife, Mrs. Amber Stevens; a son. John Madison Stevens, Jr., of Dell: a daughter, Mrs. Martha Stevens Edwards of Kansas'City, Mo.; a sister, Mrs. S. A. Ramsey of Drew, Miss.; ;ind three grandchildren. Pallbcars will be Charle.s S., Armstrong, U. S. BlanK^n.smp. Clyde Whistle, Ray Veach, Rus.seJ Gill, and Sam Finr.her. be held In Washington, although the French are said to be pressing Paris as the site. Undersecretary of State Herbert Hoover Jr. will hcud the American delegation. One of the major aims will be to seek a clearer French-American understanding of moves to be taken to b o 1 s t er the nntl- CoiritnunLst government of Premier NRO Dlnh Diem in Southern Viet Nam. Congressional .sources said the National Security Council spent much of Its sessjon yesterday con- sklerinR how far the United states should go In strengthening Dlem's hand. riCMlRRd id IHl'MI Frwncc is formally pledged Vo support the American - backed Diem but most American officials believe the French could do far more to insure the success of hi.s policies. Ever since Diem took over control of the government lie has been embroiled in numerous arguments with dissident groups having private armies. There has been a brief tinned struggle between troops loytil to Diem and forces of one of these groups. Special U. S. Ambassador J Lawton Collins nrrnnged a truce in the fighting for a wcok. A major difference between French and American officials has been an effort by France to make some sort of economic deals with the Communists in Red-controlled North Viet Nam. Rich Recovery BOGOTA, Colombia f/?i -- An Insurance company expedition has recovered a I'/a-milllon-dollar goi.j and platinum shipment from the wreckage of an airliner which crashed in the jungle March 8. Sparkman Warns of Red China's Big Air Buildup Nationalists Claim New Base in Use By SPKNCKK MOOS/1 iiX'i, Formosa '.•}!-- The Nn- UonnJinl Chinese Defense Ministry itl to:!ay the Communists befifui ing their MR newly built air base at Luchiao (Lukiuo), '200 miles nor Hi of the Mat.su Islands, April 3. The base Is reported Ihe largest ami best in the whole of lii'i 1 Chinn and is livable, by every lypo of phmc from jets to heavy bomber*. The ministry also .said the Reils airfield at. Fonehow, 40 miles west of the Miilsus and 120 miles north- we.st of Formosa, is being modeled.' It added there arc Indications that an airfield at Swatow, 120 miles southwest of Quemoy which Is directly across the Strait of Formosa, Is being revamped. Control of Air The ministry's statement was issued through its official spokesman, Col. Hsiimg En-ten, It buttressed recent assertions by top Nationalists that the Reds are working toward eventual control of the air over the StrnJt of Formosa which, if achieved, would imperil Formosa itself. Previous reports said the LU- chlao air base wifs completed April 2 after a feverish round-theclock: effort which finished well ahead of predictions here. Taipei newspapers said without confirma Lion that more than 40 MI<315 fighters already are stationed there. RunwHYfl Lengthened • The ministry's statement ,011 the Foochow airport followed press reports that its runways are being lengthened for the uso of jet These reports suld qunrters for thousands of workers lined the road to Urn fluid and at nitfht more than 200 trucks carried construction materials to the Gen. Wang snu-mlng, commander of Chiang Kal-shck'.s air force, told Associated Press Correspondent Fred HampHon he would do his be«l to bold air control over Que over Que- Imt that it moy nnd the Mataus 1: would be difficult as soon us the Rods finish the fields they arc working on. Wang's planes must fly three times as far to reach the Mntsus. The stocky Formosa aerial boss. spmeUmes referred to as Tiger Wang, said In nn interview he reels SCR AIR BASK on I'IIRC 14 Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Fair and slightly warmer this itftfinoon, tonight and tomorrow. Sunday oartly cloudy and warm. Outlook Monday through Wednesday, mild temperatures until cooler Wednesday, widely scattered showers. High this afternoon low to mid 70s, low .onifjht mid -10s. MISSOURI —Pair and wnnncr Welfare Rolls Up LITTLE ROCK i.fl — More than 1,100 persons were added to Arkansas wolfaro rolls during March, but Welfare Commissioner Carl Adams says that only 300 additions could be attributed to the repeal of the 1953 relative responsibility law* ' this afternoon and tonight; Saturday fair and warmer .south and oast central and partly cloudy elsewhere; low tonight In the -10s; high Saturday in ihe 70s. Maximum ycsl'-rday~ flS. Minimum this rnornlnfj—• 40. SunriAc tomorrow—5:31. aiin«ct today—C ,2V. Mean l«rnperatiir<!—523. Precipitation Iftst 2* bourn to 7 p.m —none. Precipitation Jiui. 1 lo d«to--l5 fit). Mnxlmum yrfttordrty—f)6. Minimum tills mornliiK—49. Prficiplttttloa Jimuary 1 to datn — JS.M. I Bataan Day Observance Is Planned SANTA FE, N.M. M')—The whl'.e Hag of defeat will fly tomorrow over the Cnpltpl grounds monument to New Mexico's lamed 200th Coast Artillery Regiment. It, was 13 years ORO, on April U Philippines time that the Ameri- :ttn-Phlllpplnc defenders — Vastly outnumbered and outRimiied—gave way U) the Japanese invaders and Hainan fell. Congress last year proclaimed April f) at, Bataan Duy. Manuel Arm)Jo, luwistant director of the Veterans Service Commission, was on Bataan that clay. lie and some 1,800 other New Mexico men in the 200th Raiment had Kone U the Philippines only two months before war broke nut. The local unit of the Bataan Veterans' Organization, organized two >oars ago, will hold ceremonies at the 2(Kth's memorial tomorrow at II a.m., approximately by the hour the surrender took place. "Our official UVO Man will My from the monument'. 1 ! staff day," Armijo said, Hug of surrender, nurpose of It—to remind people of the surrender. "We want to remind the peopl.fi that surrender happened to us once (ind^lt could happen again, unless we remain strong. People don't like Lo be told that, but it's true." Says US Should Act If Invasion Indicated By KO1V1.ANI1 EVANS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) said today it would be "folly" to allow the Chinese Communists to continue building up air strength opposite Formosa "once it becomes apparent their purpose is to launch an attack." But unless Prosid <;r tiockics "iliul. the tionrenlrnlioiiK liavo (lovploiifil to n point whcro the United Suites itself should act." •Simrkmnn said In an Interview, (he Chinese Nationalists .should not be nllowcd In bomb nlr bases and oilier Inslnlhitions iV|iort»lly under eonsti-urtion iiloiiK tlio South China coast. > One Republican .senator , asking anonymity suicl the Eisenhower iicl- ininlslralion is scrutinixiny iiilor- tnnUon from Formosa Unit (he reported buildup could Klve Red China's air foix-o supremacy over the Formosa Strait. Under Study Gen. Sun Ll-Jcn, Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek's personal chief of staff, said in Formosa yesterday that when tho Communists hnvo completed building new jet airfields they can challenge the combined air and nuyy superiority of the Nationalists nnd the United Slates. Administration officials, questioned on said only Qen. thnl Run's statement, all questions Involved In a buildup of Communist forces along the coast have been under study for many weeks. These officials reflected no special sense of alarm or urgency. Nationalist China has agreed, In connection with Its mutual defense treaty with the United Stntes, not to launch any attacks against the mainland wlhout U.S. agreement. jor Inside Today's Courier News . . .All Top Contenders in Ma- lA'iiirmw Hiivtt Some Bl(f "Ifs" MurkR Takes tfarly Lead in Sports . . . Page 8 Masters . and !> . . , . Fa nil N'IMVS . . . I'ajjes 10 and II ... Soeiely \etvs . . . . . . I'IIRC 4 ... Editorials . . . I'IIRC B . . . Sparkmim snld this covers bomb- Ing of the mainland, Mainland Not Hit Nationalist warplanes have repeatedly bombed Communist coast- nl shipping; but have not attacked any mainland points. If the Nationalists did launch bombing forays over the mainland, Sparkman said, Bed China certainly would retaliate. That would "almost Insure war," Sparkman Bald, nnd he continued: "It would be folly, however, t« let a buildup .continue beyond t stage where their purpose Is apparent, and the threat real. This will bear close watching and I am .certain the administration ia watching It. If the President come* to the conclusion that the Communist purpose is to invade Formosa and represents R real threat, thea It would be up to us • to act." Red China Ends State Of War with Germany TOKYO {AP) —- Chairman Mao Tez-tung of Communist China today ordered an end to the state of war with Germany, the Peiping radio announced. Mao's proclamation Imploment-'fr- ed n resolution adopted yesterday by the standing committee of the Nn tlonnl Peoples Congress, the radio said In * broadcast heard here. Mao noted. In his proclamation: ". . . Because of the consistent policy of the United States, Britain and France! of dividing Germany, reviving militarism In West Germany and bringing it Into aggressive military blocs, Germany l.s now still In u state of division and It is still impossible lo conclude R peace treaty with Ger- muny" as provided by the Potsdam conference in Supports 1C "The state of war 1045, between the Peoples Republic of China and Germany shall end forthwith "and peaceful relations shall bo established between the two countries." Mao indicated .strong Communist Chinese support for Soviet 'Russia's of forts to halt the rearmament of West Germany. Red China l.s only Die latest of tlu; Communist countries to end Its state of war with Germany since the , Jan. followed sit lust month. The Western Allies took simllat action several years ago. Union took that step '25. Romania and Bulgaria "Tl'B the white and thats' the X-Ray Unit Comes To Town Today The mobile x-ray comes to Bly- thevillo today after working In Ucil yr-.slordny when f>00 persons received their free che,<a x-rays. Mrs. John Milc.s Miller. Mrs. U. S. Blankenship and Mrs. Noble Gill were volunteer workers at. Dell. The unit was (n Armorrl lliis Big A-Blast Is Delayed By Weather LAS VEGAS, Nev. (A — Detonation of perhaps the most powerful atomic device of the 1955 scries — n 400-foot lower shot — was postponed today after a weather conference. Conditions were not acceptable for the explosion, the Atomic Energy Commission Bald. Another conference will be held tonight to determine If weather conditions improve. The 400-foot tower blast is designed to test nuclear age logistics, which means the transportation of materials and men for battle. As was the case today, the AEC will have a choice tomorrow between the logistics test and another from a 300-foot tower. The latter, of lesser power, would be held at Yucca Flat nt 4:30 a.m. and involve Air Force and Navy planes on indoctrination missions. yeses fo Sell Tape Tomorrow 171;. thevilif Jitycivs will return to Railroad R i reel, between Main and Walnut Ininnrrmv after a week's postponement to .sell anri apply red reflective scotch-lite safety tape. The "lite-a-bumper" campaign, renewed for ihc first lime in two yenrs here hy ,I;iycees, was scheduled to Ret, underway last Saturday morninc and in W-st End this af-!bui, rain forced a postponement,, tftrnoon. H come. 1 ; lo thr Court House square here I onion ow, Saturday, Monday and Tuesday, Sale ->f tin: (ape, if wenther permits, will continue tomorrow and Saturday work, wording to chairman Eiwry Francis. Christians Observe Good Friday By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Christians around the world made pilgrimages to Good Friday services today, commemorating the death of Christ on the cross. In village church and vast cathedral, the faithful gathered for centuries-old ceremonies. Thousands from many lands assembled at St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City to attend the solemn Mass of the Prc-sanctlfied Host. In the Holy Land, .some 5,000 pilgrims, many of whom had to pa.ss through the no man's land dividing warring Israel and Jordan, flocked Info Arab Jerusalem, Once again they followed the narrow, twULlug oobblutoo** Vtoi Dolorosa— the Way of the Crass. Gathered according to nationality, each group bore at Its head a massive cross as they halted briefly Rt each of the 14 stations of the cross. The procession formed a few hundred yards inside Jerusalem's east wall, whore Christ was tried before Pontius Pilate. Its route followed the path which tradition says Christ's burdened steps took to Calvary, the site now of the sprawling Church of the Holy Sepulchre. In and the United Protestant Stales, Catholic churches from const to coast threw open their doors for Good Friday services. Mtny MhwluJed fern-bow MT- mons commemorating the hours on the cross. A vast throng ol Argentines turned out in Buenos Aires for Holy Week olxservnnces, although their church and President Peron's government have been at bitter odds for months. Yesterday, an estimated 100,000 marched in the traditional Holy Thursday parade in Peron's capital. It was the first religious procession allowed in Argentina in four months. Tho procession was orderly, but marchers defied government orders to keep off main streets and paraded directly t*

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