The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on September 18, 1958 · 20
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 20

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Thursday, September 18, 1958
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THE BOSTON DAILY GLOHE THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 1?,. 1958 'Er . . . Sherman . . Alsop on Formosa W onders: Is Chiang Cracking Up? flM Wihrrl Mr 1K72 Evening rdi'lmi first issued Mar. 7, Published by GLOBE NEWSPAPER COMPANY 1878. Sundiiy rrlitirtn first Issued Ort. 14. 1S77. ) 135 Morrissey Blvd.. Boston 7. Mass. THURSDAY, SEPT. 18, 1958 SUBSCRIPTION RATES Evening Mornin Sunday Per Mn Boston Postal Zone 1.75 New Ergland States 1 40 Per Per Per Pc-i Ter Globe Man's Daily Story When one of his customers entered his store in Westwood and asked for a loaf of Italian bread Monday, Carl De Vasto replied: "Sony, ma'am, there's no Italian bread today because of the Jewish holiday.- Yr. lino 16.80 Mo Yr. Mn 1.25 1.25 Yr. 15 00 15.00 1.25 1.00 1500 12.00 Elsewhere in U.5. and possessions 1.75 21.00 1.25 15.00 1.50 18.00 Canada. Npwf'dland. Labrador 1.75 foreign Countries 3 00 21 00 36 00 1.35 11.20 1.50 1R.00 3. 50 30 00 2.50 30 00 (Please do not send cash: (jse noney orderi or checss.) Rack daily. numbers (ner copy): 1 week or older, 7c 25c Sunday: ever 3 months old out of print. Twenty He Cannot Defend Islands Without Attacking Mainland; Will U.S. Back Offensive? By JOSEPH ALSOP Entered as second class mail matter at Boston. Mass. under the Act of Mar. 3 1879 135 Morrissey Blvd. The Associated Press use for republication this newspaper. is entitled exclusively to the of all local news printed in IN HIS OWN COUNTRY . . . 111 There was something rather disgraceful in the way the American chess champion, 15-year-old Bobby Fischer of Brooklyn, was forced to travel to Europe and back in order to play in the Candidates Chess Tournament in Yugoslavia. To raise his fare over, he had to appear on a television quiz program. He paid his way back with prize money. He placed fifth in the competition to win the title of international grand master and a chance to play in the Challengers Tournament. The winner of that will play the world's champion, Mikhail Botvinnik. Honored in Europe, Bobby was all but ignored on his return to Brooklyn. His case parallels somewhat that of the pianist Van Cliburn, for Bobby too was besieged by Europeans. Europe and Russia have always been long on chess, recognizing the intellectual quality of the game and its value as a mental and imaginative discipline. There, it is admired as an art, and considered a social grace. Child prodigies are not unusual, but Bobby was the delight of the tournament. The beginnings of chess are obscured in time. Half a dozen nations lay claim to its invention. The scholars lean to India. Whatever its origin, it bears today the hallmark of the genius of the Middle Ages. For 200 years Spain and Italy dominated the game. ' Later, England and France emerged. Then Germany and neighboring countries of central Europe had 100 years of hegemony, although it was during this period that the New World contributed two champions, Jose R. Capablanca, Cuban diplomat, and Paul Morphy, the American wizard who quit at 22. In 1930, Russia, took charge and the title remains there today. It is something of a national game in Russia. Interest runs high in all walks of life. Russians expect every educated man to be able to play chess. It is taught in the schools, and is in no sense the esoteric preserve of the intellectuals. Chess masters are national heroes, pampered by the government. So would be Bobby Fischer were he a Russian schoolboy. But in the United States the game has never been popular. Hundreds of reasons have been advanced to explain this. One of the most plausible is the widespread fallacy that it is a very difficult game to learn and time-consuming to an exaggerated degree. It is neither. There are many who believe that nationwide encouragement here would give America world pre-eminence in the sport. There certainly is good reason to believe that the presence of Americans in this field of endeavor where East and West meet without rancor would have high propaganda value among nations that regard us as hopelessly concerned with business. There is more reason to believe that the game would be an ideal supplement to education in this country. Yet Bobby is probably the only national champion in any field who in effect has had to thumb his way across the Atlantic to compete against foreign champions. And neither the State Department, with its substantial expenditures for cultural exchange, nor the numerous foundations with their concern for variegated precincts of knowledge, came to the young man's aid. UNCLE DUDLEY. The Dispute About Bases Changing circumstances, growing pressures of native nationalisms abroad, and, to some extent at least, diminished American prestige, are reflected in the multiplying difficulties this country faces in maintaining defense bases outside United States territory. Latest illustration comes from Morocco. Under a strictly Franco-American agreement prior to the achievement of Morocco's independence from France three years ago, the United States built, at great cost, five air bases in what is now a free Arab nation. Morocco wasn't consulted. King Mohammed's friendly government has striven for two years to induce Washington to renegotiate these treaties on a basis of Moroccan sovereignty. It was rebuffed by delay and evasion. The temper of Moroccan nationalism has sharpened as a result. Ten days ago the Rabat regime demanded total evacuation of the American bases within a reasonable time, plus neutralization. Washington's demand this week for a seven-year contract keeping the bases operational meantime, has had a chilly reception. Undoubtedly an agreement will be reached, but it may prove difficult. To maintain the bases without one, or in defiance of Rabat, would invite needless embroilment. Our bases in Japan, meantime, have stimulated new arguments between Moscow and Tokyo, with Japan administering a sharp rebuff to Soviet threats. A similar diplomatic scrimmage on the same issue recently ended in West Germany. In Iceland, the bases issue slumbers uneasily. Also in the Middle East All this may not signify any immediate danger to free world defenses. It does post a warning to the West that a system devised a decade ago needs re-examination and possible overhaul. t College on the Cuff Prof. Seymour E. Harris, the Harvard economist, urges an old-fashioned procedure with modern trimmings for the college student facing financial hurdles. In the latest issue of the Bulletin of the Association of University Professors he proposes instalment tuition systems, with payments deferred until the graduate goes to work. This is a mid-twentieth century version of an old New England practice. Many a young man, 30 or 40 years ago, borrowed to go to college and paid off when graduated and in a job. Character was the credit basis usually. Sometimes the family or a friend reinforced it. Almost never did such investments go sour. Prof. Harris' plan would systematize this method on a more efficient basis. As a supplement to other programs now available to the worthy student in need, it might play ah important role. Editorial Points All of a sudden Dixie parents discover there's a catch to closing the schools. No tree baby sitting. o The motorist who likes to drive at 35 should be looking out for the law of averages, instead of the speed cops. o Authors of old times produced some rather good stuff, perhaps because, lacking typewriters, they never wrote faster than they could think. French troops, w ho report killing 746 Algerians in a week recently, may soon have the revolt crushed. No more Algerians. Those who can remember the Great Depression note with interest that $10.98 is now described as a paltry sum. o In the Far East, democratic Amica is supporting Chiang Kai-shek, a do-it-yourself politician who elected himself president. For the next few weeks, the well informed man will do well to try to remember what's a spinnaker. o Many of the world's success stories begin with the boy who was poor but dishonest. Modern missiles take off in a cloud of flame which would be appropriate to the appearance of the Old Boy himself. The theory of monarchy is that the symbol of loyalty is the crown, whether or not it wears a head. o One test of character is whether a person is able to carry on a cheery conversation at breakfast. Field Marshal Montgomery may be remembered for running a victorious campaign in the ideal place for a war, a desert. o The fact that people voted for the candidate is no sign they're going to support his actions after he's elected. Not only are women useful in business efficcs. They improve the looks of the place and their presence promotes politeness. Half the population spends half its time wondering how to get easy money without stealing it, and every once in a while somebody hits on a scheme. o Fortunate indeed is the person whose job is so interesting he doesn't care to take the last allowable minute of the lunch period. o . Hypocrisy so often proves so useful, perhaps there should be a college course in how to practice it most profitably. - o Were it not for their governments, people would seldom be so misguided. o The skyscraper of the future, developments along Route 128 suggest, will be no more than two stories tall, o . Perhaps one aim of instruction In hygiene should be to persuade children they should remain slim all their lives. ALSOP New England: Treasury of Treasnres-X With Aid of Torch And Bit of Muscle By ROBERT W. MORGAN JR. A disquieting story about a Harvard student has it that hey attended a series of history lectures, or something like that, at the Fogg Building " asrfwa. m Cambridge without ever realizing he was in an art museum. ZS Now it has been with malice aforethought that this series ot articles has avoided mention ot tpe collections around Boston. The idea has been to try to "discover" art treasures in the outlying areas. y However, in view of developments at Harvard, it f JVy ni'S'nt e wse t conclude this series with two articles which . mention, at least briefly, the museums right close to home. Some of them may be as little known to the public as the ones in Maine and Vermont. IS. The layout of the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard is unusual, it's true. Nevertheless if one has perseverance, carries a powerful torch, ventures into narrow corridors, and is willing to move an occasional packing case, one finds what Prof. S. Lane Fai-son Jr. of Williams College calls the most extensive art collection owned by any university in the world. The Fogg's major work is perhaps the small, simple and eloquent "Crucifixion,"' by Fra Angelico. Personally I am more attracted to the immense (though damaged) "St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata," thought to be the work of Giotto. Within a few blocks of the Fogg are the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (harassed mothers, note: Cub scouts and birthday groups are occupied for hours with collections of giant totem poles, cliff ' house models, masks, etc., here) and the Busch-Reisinger Museum of Germanic Sculpture (featuring the provocative "Mulatto" of Emil Nolde, the bronze 'Prometheus" of Gerhard Marcks, and paintings by Beckman, Kandinsky, and Klee). With these three museums, plus the rare books and il- luminated manuscripts at the Widener and Houghton Libraries, "the total wealth of Harvard's artistic resources puts it in a class by itself among universities the world over," Prof. Faison observes. Just outside Greater Boston, the "imaginative and daring" collection of American paintings at Phillips Academy, An-dover, includes the works of Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins, George Bellows, Edward Hopper and Ben Shahn, among these the famed "West Wind" which many consider to be Homer's masterpiece. Wellesley's new art center, due to open next month, will house a varied collection that includes African Negro sculpture, modern painting, and such pieces of sculpture as Wilhelm Lehmbruck's "Bust of a Woman" and Giovanni da Bologna's noted "Rape of the Sabine Women" (a bronze reduction of the marble group in Florence). . For other museums in the Boston area, in fact for discussions of 61 New England collections in all, the reader is referred to Prof. S. Lane Faison Jr's "A Guide to the Art Museums of New England," on which this series of articles is based. The largest segment of the book is de- voted, of course, to the two monumental collections in Boston itself. Assorted vital statistics: FOGG ART MUSEUM, Har-' vard University, Quincy st. and Broadway, Cambridge; open free 9-5 weekdays; closed Sunday, holidays, Saturday in July and August, and several weeks in Summer. BUSCH-REISINGER MUSEUM of Germanic Culture, Kirkland st. at Divinity av., Cambridge; open free 9-5 Monday to Saturday. PEABODY MUSEUM of Archaeology and Ethnology, Divinity av., Cambridge; open free 9-4:30 weekdays, 1-4:30 Sunday. ADDISON GALLERY OF AMERICAN ART, Phillips Academy, Andover; on Route 28; open free 9-5 weekdays, 2:30-5 Sundays or by special arrangement; closed Labor Day, Christmas, New Year's and July 4. JEWETT ARTS CENTER, Wellesley College, due to open next month; collection pres ently in Norumbega Hall, open free 8:30-5 weekdays and 3-5 Sunday during college term. NEXT The two museums in Boston. Conclusion, TAIPEI,' Formosa If one knew the answers to three questions, it would be easy to predict the future , development of this baffling, immensely dangerous offshore islands crisis. Question No. 1 is whether the Chinese Communist representatives at Warsaw will agree to an informal cease-fire in the Formosa strait. The American policy-makers faintly, palely hope for cease-fire at Warsaw. If the hope is realized, the artillery blockade of Quemoy will be automatically lifted; and the immediate problem will be solved. The crisis will then subside into another interminable, probably fruitless round of ambassadoral talks, as happened in 1955. The Chinese Communists could have got this much without creating the crisis. Hence the odds against any Warsaw-arranged cease-fire would seem to be pretty heavy. Yet this will most emphatically not "defend Quemoy," as the American government has promised to do. No one in his senses can suppose that such a position can be indefinitely held in such a manner, without a military or political or psychological crackup some-where. The attempt, if prolonged, will be nothing more or less than an invitation to a crack-up; and there are plenty of signs here in Taiwan that a crackup will result. In other words, if the President and Secretary Dulles really mean what they have said, the only way to defend Quemoy is in the classical manner, by meeting force with force. If the firm intention to do this is revealed by turning loose the Chinese Nationalist pilots to attack mainland targets, for instance there will then be some chance that the Chinese Communists will agree to a cease-fire. If Peiping will not agree to a cease-fire after the United States has manifested ,a firm intention to meet force with force, then it will be abundantly clear that Peiping is ready to run all risks in order to gain a smashing victory here. Question No. 2 is how much longer the American government, can persuade Chiang Kai-shek to hold his hand. Yesterday, the president-generalissimo indicated to this reporter that the effort to supply Quemoy by convoy over open beaches under heavyfire was a very poor stopgap at best which is a charitable judgment. Chiang further revealed his determination to strike rather soon at the heart of the trouble, by sending his crack air squadrons against the Communist gun positions and lines of communications. If a cease-fire is not soon produced, Chiang will be very hard to hold back any longer. And if his air squadrons begin to operate over the mainland, the fat will be in the fire whether the American government likes it or not. As for question No. 3, it is whether the American policymakers will come round to Chiang Kai-shek's view of the problem if their Warsaw hopes are disappointed. Bv a costlv combination of air and sea supply, it is theo-rpticallv nossible to eet enoush tonnage into Quemoy to feed the garrison and civilian population, even with the beaches and landing strips under neavy fire. If we are not ready to use force as a last resort, the President and Secretary of State ought never to have talked so big and bold. What People Talk About Why Should Last Signal and Derail Be Placed So Close to R.R. Bridge? To the Editor In view of the New Jersey drawbridge wreck, can anyone explain why the last signal and the derail are placed so close to a drawbridge opening? For example, at the New Haven's Neponset River drawbridge in Quincy, going north, the derail is so close I to the bridge that it would throw a train into deep water if not into the draw itself. The signal is only two car's length from the draw and hidden by a curve. A more distant,' or "approach,'1- signal is supposed to display caution but can this always be depended on? Why not stop a train well back from a drawbridge and, if signals are passed, derail it there? G.A. Squantum. Anent Herblock And the Chinas To the Editor Herb Block's world by the Communist bloc, ability to scathingly slam home his views was well-illustrated by his recent sarcastic cartoon on "Reckless Peace Talk." i can let these offshore islands fall into Red hands and still keep in friendly hands Formosa, then the Philippines, whose islands are only 90 miles away, then Australia, a The question is not whether plan partially executed by the Chiang would like the United japs, and, perhaps, then the States to help him liberate rest of the free world, those millions of Chinese un- Other Herblock cartoons il- der the Communist heel (un- lustrate that he hates the less one still feels that those Communists, but he seems, un- in control of mainland China fortunately, to hate even more are "reformers"), but whether those who oppose the Com- the United States in self- munist plans with anything defense and as the last main but talk. I f State Could Use A Few Million To the Editor A headline in the Globe reads: CRABS KEEP BEACH CLEAN If this is' the case, why doesn't the state import a few million, and put 'cm to work? DALE WARREN. Boston. obstacle, with or without allies, to the control of the NATHANIEL J. YOUNG JR. Cohasset. f L "THE i 'But We Were Great After the Dance" of C MULATTO" by Emil Nolde (1867-1955). Lippmann Faces Reality To the Editor The articles written in the Globe by Walter Lippmann on foreign policies are outstanding and very informative. He faces reality and is truthful and sincere. I look forward to his articles and wish he would write more often. Brighton. LENA BASKIN. ' To the Editor Not two years ago, President Eisenhower and our government looked the other way as a brave and desperate Hungarian people literally fought to the death for freedom from their "protectors." Did we raise one hand to help in the battle? No, but we were great after the dance. If our government had any convictions concerning Freedom and Justice, which seems a bit doubtful at this point in our jangled history, do you think one person in the Middle East, in Poland or Hungary would believe them? And yet, speaking for the government's foreign policies, President Eisenhower declares that to sacrifice Quemoy to Communist China would be the first step in losing the entire East. Even to a housewife it appears ob vious that the Gencralisimo (Chiang) is more interested in self-preservation than in the liberation of "his" country, great China. Come to think of it, who in America, let alone the rest of , the world, knows what to believe or expect of our foreign policies any more? BARBRO NORDSTROM. Westboio on Another Reas For Small Vote To the Editor The article in the Sept. 12 Globe suggests reasons for the small vote for the Senate candidates. One other, reason: In Ward 22, precinct 13 in Boston, the lever above the name Vincent Celeste could not be turned, and so at least one vote wag Inst there. JOSEPH SPEAR. Boston.

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