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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT WBWSPAPW Of MOWIBEAST ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST AHSSODBZ VOL. LI—N0.8 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally Newt Blythevllla Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 30, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published bally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FTVK CENTS House Vote On Tax Bill Due Today Passage Seen For Measure Ike Supported By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON ,(AP) — House leaders drove to wrap up congressional action today on a bill to postpone for one more year about three billion dollars in corporation and excise tax cuts. House passage of the bill, expected late in the clay, would send President Eisenhower precisely the tax program he had urged— and little more than a day before the scheduled effective date of the cuts. Dead for this year was a Democratic proposal to give everybody a $20 annual income tax reduction. Cut Rejected The House tied this income tax cut plan to the administration's bill to continue present corporation and excise tax rates. But the Democratic plan was rejected by the Senate. A Senate - House conference committee accepted the Senate version of the legislation. But leaders in both parties are talking: now of possible moves next year to cut individual Income taxes. Under the tax bill, extension of present corporate and excise rates would run to April 1. 1956. Under the old ,law, corporation income rates would have dropped Saturday from 52 to 47 per cent, a revenue loss of about two billion dollars a year. (i Rates to Drop Excise tax rates were to drop by one billion dollars a year. These scheduled reductions, which now would be canceled: liquor, from $10.50 to $9 a gallon; automobiles, from 10 per cent to 7 per cent; gasoline, from 2 cents a gallon to Hi cents; beer, from $!) n barrel to $8; wine, from 12 cents to 10 cents a half pint, or $10.50 to $9 a gallon, depending on alcoholic content; trucks, buses and auto parts, 8 per cent to 5 per cent. Both Democrats and Republicans generally agreed an estimated $2.300,000,000 budget deficit antic i pitted for the fiscal year stnrt- Ing July 1 would not justify these cuts. But with administration officials talking of a possible balanced . budget the following year, lax-cut-1 as unification of Germany. Eisenhower Speaks Out Against War Speculation REDS'-EYE VIEW OF FORMOSA—Here's how the Formosa situation looks from Red China. Critical points, for U. S. policy, are Matsu Island and Quemoy Island, both within sight" of the Com-. munist mainland. Nationalists say that the 13,000-man garrison on Matsu has been reinforced to "two or three times" that strength, indicating a determination to defend it from Red attack. South Viet Nam Capital Quiet Following Night of Civil War By JOHN BRODERICK Inside Today's Courier News . , . Harlow Has New Approach to Tough Task at ASC . . . Giants Aren't 'Stand Pat' Club, Durocher Says . . . Sports . . . Papcs. 8 and 9 ... . . . The Atomic Future . . . First of a Scries . . . Page 7 ... . . April 15 Showdown Date in Formosa War of Nerves . . . Page 5 ... Charming Sir Anthony . . . Third of Scries . . . Page 2 ... SAIGON, Viet Nam (AP) — National troops were concentrated at vital points throughout Saigon today after beating back an attempt by a private army to oust American- supported Premier Ngo Dinh Diem by force. At least 16 persons were reported killed in the fighting which raged more than four hours early today. None of the nearly 1,000 members of U.S. diplomatic, military and economic missions here were injured. Except for the troop concentrations and a few roadblocks, there was little, evidence )f the battle which broke out shortly after mid- Knowland Asks Big 4 Meeting on Germany By ROWLAND EVANS JIl. WASHINGTON (AP) — Senate Republican Leader Knowland (R-Calif) today suggested a high-level big power conference this year to deal with European questions, such ting sentiment may be stronger in Congress in 1958. Hodge Hurt In Wreck At 'Bayou Louie Hodge, salesman at Noble Gill Ponttac Company in Blytheville was moved to Baptist Hospital in Memphis from Blytheville Hospital after being seriously injured ' In a car wreck a), Frenchman's Bayou late Monday night. Hodge was driving a 1955 Ponti- back from Memphis for a spec- He said ratification of the man rearmnment treaties, now before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, would appear to make a German settlement "a reasonable goal to shoot at for this year." "The question of Germany would seem to lend itself to settlement more readily than the situation In j the Far East," he salt 1 in an interview. Knowlimd has demanded in the past that the United States avok any East-West conference unti the Soviet Union shows by deeds that she wants to end the cold war. Wants Fall Meeting Sen. George (D-Ga) indicated in separate interview that majoi East-West problems in Europe ial order for Noble Gill Co. whenjmkfht be ripe for solution in n the vehicle he was driving struck > few months. He said a top-love the bridge at Frenchman's Bayou, j meeting: between Western leaders. The car rolled over about three j and the Russians should be held times and Hodge was throun from the car into a near-by field. He \vs!5 taken to BlylhcviUe- Hospital where he remained unconscious until just before he was moved to Memphis. Then, he regained only partial consciousness. His physician, Dr. R. L. Johnson, described Hodge's condition as serious. He said although. Hodge suffered bodily injuries, that he had no broken bones. He also said that he was suffering from a state of shock :mcl hud a concussion, which could be serious. The new Pontiac which Hodge was driving was completely demolished, according to Leonard Oldhnni, manager at Noble Gill Pontiac Co. Dr. Don Smith Closes Office Dr. F .Don Smith, prominent Blytheville dentist, has, closed his offices here for a 24-month period, he announced today. Dr. Smith i.s entering the Army as n major and will report to Fort Snm Houston, Tex., to begin his two-year tour of active duty. He Is to bo at Sam Houston for six weeks prior to permanent assignment. by this autumn. George is chairman of the Foreign Relations Com mittee. But Sen. Sparkmnn (D-Ala) expressed doubt whether any big power conference could deal with just, one sector of the global cole war. Hearings to End The Foreign Relations Committee hoped (o wind up brief hearings lute today on two related treaties: H) to restore sovereignty to the West German Republ 1 - and allow it to rearm, and (2) to make West Germany the 15th member of the North Atlantic Treaty Orgnnizn lion. Senate approval appeared likely by Friday or Saturday. Secretary of State Dulles said yesterday new conditions to be brought about by German rearm nmeiU and sovereignty would, he hoped, "lead to n solution of other European problems." Kendall Berry Handled Sale of Son's Store Kendall Berry announced today that sale of R. D. Hughes Clothing Co., was made by his son, Alan Berry, to Mason and Walter Day. Mr. Berry pointed out that since his son is in the Navy, h? handled arrangements on the salt of the men's store, which Alan Berry purchased Sept. 1 of last year. Don's Hamra Cleared by Test Doris Hamra, a close friend of the slnln Hubert Utlcy, yesterday submitted to a lie detector test, rcsulU of which show "she has told us every thing she knows," Prosecuting Attorney James A. (Tick) Vlckrey said today. Mr. Vlckrey, who Is continuing to press investigation of the brutal Holland killing of Utlcy, said he and Highway Patrol Sergeant J. L. Petty yesterday took Miss Hamra to Jefferson City where she volun- turlly (Ubmltted to undergo Hie "We're satisfied that Miss Hamra has cooperated fully with us in our Investigation,' 1 Mr. Vickrey stated today. He also pointed out that the Investigation is progressing. "We're working as Tost us we know how. Each day, we get new Information and tips. Some of it Is worthless. All of It takes time to check out," he stated. Miss Hamra was with Utley at the time he was shot In his Holland liquor store where two unknown gunmen l»y In wait for him. , River Hearing Here Tomorrow Colonel Downing Will Preside A I 1 Court House night between the private army of the Binh Xuyen society of former river pirates and national units. Traffic moved normally over the Boulevard Gallieni, main artery between Saigon and its Chinese section of Cholon. The hottest fighting occurred around this thoroughfare. All major public utilities were functioning as usual —under French and Vietnamese military guard. Collins, Ely Confer President Eisenhower's special ambassador, Gen. J. Lawton Collins, conferred with Gen Paul Ely, French commissioner general to South Viet Nam, or measures to protect Commander of Matsu Garrison. Expects Reds But Won't Say When By FRED HAMI'SOX MATSU ISLAND (AP) — The commander of the Chinese Nationalist garrison on this far edge of the free world expects the Communists to attack at any time but will not commit I himself to a elate. Co!.'Hua told visiting; newsmen* today "it looks as though they in-» tend to come pretty soon, maybe j tomorrow, maybe next week—or i it might be next year, you can't j tell." Hua (the censor would not per- j rnit use of his full namej, a tough; 36-year-old Shansi fighter, says Red activity on the coast nine miles away from this bleak crag smells like trouble. The Reds are busier than they have ever been. Hua .said he had no idea which of the seven islands under his command the Reds might choose to attack but he said his forces (estimated at 11,000) are ready all along the island .chain. American Gear This six square miles of more or less perpendicular granite— whose defense is involved in Henslee Refuses Comment on Pen Irregularities But State Prison Superintendent Says He Welcomes Probe LITTLE ROCK Wi — State Prison Supt. Lee Henslee refused to comment today on charges of prison , irregularities but he said he would American foreign policy—seemed j welcome the investigation sched- remote indeed from America on j u ] e d next week by the state Peni- ihis warm misty day but it is full tentiary Commission No Official Word On Plans of Reds By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON (APj — President Eisenhower spoke out today against too much speculation and talk about war .He said it doesn't serve the cause of peace. Eisenhower also said at a news*—~- • The Commission chairman, Loid of things American. Its soldiers have American gear and guns vehicles and tractors and on the island is a handful of American Army men from the Military As-|dation in charges made to them sistance Advisory Group in For-i by Gov. Orval Faubus. However, conference that he has no information indicating the Chinese Reds pJan to launch an attack soon on the Nationalist islands of Quemoy and Matsu. The President's remarks carried an implied rebuke to Adm. Robert B. Carney, chief of naval operations. Carney has been identified as the source of a prediction, | given to newsmen last week, that the Communists would start striking at Quemoy and the Matsus around April 15. Asked specifically if would be reprimanded, Eisenhower said not by him. Attack Possible Eisenhower said he himself was not ruling out the possibility oi an attack in mid-April. But, he said, if anyone has information pointing clearly to such an attack, that person must have more information than the President of the United States. Under other questioning, Eisenhower again declined to shed any light on whether the United States might go to the defense of the two Nationalist offshore islands if the Reds do attack them. Official U.S. policy, as expressed Sadler, and iiis predecessor Mack • in a resolution passed by Congress West of Paragould, said yesterday that they doubted there was foun- Tliis area's wildlife and drainage interests will be on hand at a Corps of Engineers hearing here tomorrow in the court house. The hearing will be ..conducted by CoI.'E. B. Downing. Memphis District Engineer, who has indicated he first will hear from levee boards and other such groups, who j XiiyeiTfrom the'Tieadquarters""of residents of Saigon in case of further trouble. The two generals prepared to call on Diem at his Zindependence Palace to discuss the situation and offer help in stemming the civil strife. Heavily reinforced army units stood guard around the palace, a massive three-story building. The government said the green- be reted Binh Xuyen troops began their attack by shelling the palace compound and the botanical gardens, where two battalions of paratroopers were bivouacked. Five mortar shells feil in ihe palace garden but the building was not hit. Diem, who was inside, was unhurt. Two other actions were reported: a battle at the prefectural police headquarters and a diversionary Binh Xuyen attack on the national army headquarters. In both, the private soldiers were beaten off and driven back to a:i area their forces hold between Saigon and Cholon. Government troops pttempt to dislodge mosa. My visit to Matsu, largest island emergency of the seven, left me with two the foreign! strong opinions: 1. That Matsu itself is strongly defended and would be hard to take .but it is vulnerable like the Tachens were vulnerable to flanking antion. Others Weaker 2. The Reels may not be able to the board agreed, to start an investigation next Tuesday. Members of the board said that similar reports were received periodically. Check Is Asked Faubus asked the commission to check on reports that privately owned livestock is being maintained at pcntentiary expense; that a "considerable number" of privately owned fox hounds are being take Matsu but trie lesser islands I kept at penitentiary expense; and of Kaoteng or Peikantang seem I that convict labor is being used to less put strong Matsu and their loss would j u ~o''k on private farms without under artillery fire, making it hard to hold and even harder to supply. Col. Hua '-ays be will reinforce one island from another and will thus throw his full force wherever made the Bin] the attack comes. But when I stood atop a windy peak and scanned the sea, the other islands and the awful nearness of the Red that the prison mainland I couldn't help wonder- \ acute financial whether such interi.sland rein- about 560,000 a compensation to the state. Asked if the reports might have come from persons seeking to oust Henslee. the commission members replied that Henslee had strong support from the commis-! sion. earlier this year, gives the President authority to take whatever steps are necessary for defense of the main Nationalist bastion of Formosa and the nearby Pescadores. The news conference also dealt with these other matters: BIG FOUR COS'FERE.Vf E~- Eisenhower said he wanted to reiterate that the United States is ready to do anything to ease world tension. He added, however, that Experts See Oscar Race A Tossup By JAMES BACON HOLLYWOOD W) — Hollywood's smart money talked long shot to| day as even the experts differed Carney, violently on who .would win tonight's Academy Awards. Crosby or Brando? Garland or Kelly? "The Country Girl" or "On the Waterfront"? With those favorites, it was even money and take your choice. Only Edmond O'Brien, up for a supporting role in "The Barefoot Contessa," could make the experts agree. The closest finish in years raised the perennial possibility that the Oscar favorites might knock each ' other off. Outside Chance Humphrey uogart, Dorothy Dandridge and the musical "Seven Brides for Seven Brothers" thus rated better than an outside chance. Hollywood's international element saw a win for Miss Dan- dricige, first Negro ever .nominated for a top Oscar, enhancing United States prestige abroad. So closely contested was this year's race that even such famous stay-at-homes Marlon Brando and Bing Crosby did everything but rine; doorbells for votes. In favor of Brando, nominated for his role in "On the Waterfront," i.s the fact that the Academy ran't go on much longer ig- KO far as any top-level conference j noring the man many regard as of the Western powers with Russia • ihe greatest living actor. But then is concerned there would be many dangers involved in holding a conference without a specific list of topics to be covered. Reminded that Secretary of State John Barrymore never won an Oscar either. Hard to Beat Crosby, who has made millions playing Crosby on the screen, de- Dulles said yesterday that prepara- cided on playing someone else in tion for "The Country Girl." Add such The commission also said at its meeting with Faubus yesterday system is i crisis. They month is need Big Four conference might take months. Eisenhower j performance to Crosby's vast per- See IKK on Page 12 I See OSCAR on Page 12 forcing could succeed. Aeain the \ for routine operations and only old provisional remark comes in— j about $24,000 is in the treasury, if America helps. But nobody; They said that no more money knows whether America intends to i will be available until crops are help defend Matsu. have cooperated in various sissippi River projects. All other persons may present testimony at the hearings, Colonel Downing pointed out. Ask Survey Local wildlife interests will not make any specific recommendations in regard to the Big Lake area, if all goes according to previously disclosed plans. They'll merely request a joint engineer-wildlife survey of the Big Lake area to determine how both j wildlife and drainage needs may i be successfully met. | Tomorrow's Hearing i.s due to got started at 9 a.m. Today, Colonel Downing was conducting a similar hearing in Charleston, Mo. R. A. Nelson of BIylhcvflle: Joe Morton, federal game warden at Big Lake, and W. L. Overtoil, resident engineer for the Gnme and Fish Commission, nil were scheduled to attend the hearing Charleston this afternoon the Surete Nationale, the national police which it controls. The society, which has grown rich from its monopoly of local gambling and vice, also had controlled the 4,000-man police force in the Saigon and Cholon prefecture but Diem ordered it taken See VIET NAM on Page 12 :° Little Hope For Tax Fiqht Compromise u. Victoria Pilot Dies in Crash In New Jersey MILLVILLE, N. J. Ml (J. G.) George W. McClendon of Victoria, Ark., died In tlie crash of his plane nenr here yesterday. McClendon, 23, was on a routine training flight from his bn.se at Atlantic City Naval Air Station 25 miles away when his single- sent, propeller-driven plane crashed and burned near the Mll- vlllc Airport, Navy officials were Investigating the cause. McClendon was the son of Mr. nnd Mrs. Cleorgc A. McClcn- don of Victoria In Mississippi County. hanging in Mexico QUEFIETARO, Mexico (/P)—Au- horltlcs reported » mob hanged wo men accused of witchcraft In he town o: Juarez. Mrs. Coo/ey Succumbs In Memphis Mrs. Paul Cooley, 73, longtime resident of Blylheville, died this morning at Campbell's Clinic in Memphis of complications arising from a broken hip suffered in a fnll Saturday. Funeral arrangements, in charge of Cobb Funeral Home, were incomplete today. Mrs. Cooley was the daughter of the lute W. W. HolHpeter. Her husband was .Mississippi County Auditor until his retirement several years ago. Born In Indiana, Mrs. Cooley came to Blytheville from Wisconsin, She was very active In the First Methodist Church here. In addition to her husband, she is survived by a daughter, Mrs, Eisner Bcal of Wilson, and four grandchildren. LITTLE ROCK tlPi — Alex Washburn. editor of the Hope Star, today said that he saw little hope of a compromise \vith members of the Arkansas Poultry Federation on his fight to repeal the law that I harvested in the fall. | Faubus yesterday vetoed a S300,- | 000 supplemental appropriation for the pentitentiary. He said the Legislature failed to authorize the transfer of the money from general revenues to the Penitentiary Fund. The penitentiary Is authorized to draw money only from the Penitentiary Fund. Under special legislation, the penitentiary has been able to borrow from the General Revenue Fund each spring arid repay after crops are harvested. In the recent Legislature, the legislation never 119,000 County Children To Get Salk Vaccine cr.me up for a vote in either house. The commission is scheduled to exempts poultry and livestock feed j mcet with Budget Director Frank from the two per cent sales tax, storey to seek a solution. State Sen. Boss Mitchell of Danville,. Ark., said at a meeting of the organization was losing the bat- Hunger Invasion tie to keep the sales tax exemption. KATMANDU, Nepal (#>}-—Nearly Washburn said at Hope that he ; I>O QO hillmen from famine-stricken All Slississippi County school children in the first four grades — some 9.000 of them — will receive Salk polio vaccine this year, according to reports from a planning meeting held here yesterday. * Excluded from the group receiving the vaccine will be the youngsters who received shots last year. Points from over Mississippi County were represented at yesterday's meeting. Schow Confers With Nationalists TAIPEI (.-?>—Maj. Gen. Robert A. Schow, deputy chief of U.S. Army intelligence, conferred today with Gen. Yu Ta-wei, Chiang Kai- shek's minister of national defense. Yu presumably gave him the Chinese Nationalist assessment on Communist military strength, cap| abilities and possible intent. Newspapers reported Schow would Kits, consisting of parental consent slips, registration schedules and educational material were prepared for North Mississippi County by Miss Kathryn Ball and Mrs. Mary p. Droke and were given to program administrators, except those in the Blytheville area. Forms to Homes Blytheville area administrators are to receive these materials late next week. would meet with a "peace" dele- j areas "havc"poured" into"the'capitai | try to establish closer liaison be- j hJjj?™ 6 ™ ^""childre^ "^ *° *" gation-sent by the federation atjof this Himalayan kingdom In j Hope today. Washbuni is the leader of a group of south Arkansans who plan to circulate petitions in an attempt to put the new law on the 1956 ballot. Mitchell previously had proposed In a counter-measure an initiated act that would extend the sales tax to cover not only poultry and live- itock feed, but many other items now exempt. Racial Bill Killed JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (/Pt—A Missouri House committee killed 13-6 last night a bill which would have ended racial segregn linn m public places of Missouri like restaurants," hotels and theaters. Southern Sewer Improvement District Is $79,000 Short After a check of property valuation of signatures received on the Southern Improvement district it was discovered thnt the signatures were a little over $19,000 short of the goal, according to Worth Holder, manager of Blytheville Chamber of Commerce. At the time or the last check on the total amount of property value of the sewer It was found that about $44,000 more was needed to complete the project. The check just completed by the Chamber found that only $24,880 of the $44,000 has been signed. That leaves $19,149 of the total amount to be signed. The City is to hire the necessary men to complete the petition. search of food. tween the Americans and Nationalists for evaluating intelligence. Meditations for LENT By DR. J. CARTER SWAIM Dept. of English Bible, National Council of Churches Written for NBA Service James 1:14 tells us that "each person Is tempted when he Is lured and enticed by his own desires." The Gospels represent the temptations of Jesus as having come through Satan. He was "tempted by the devil," says Matthew (4:1, RSV) and Luke (4:2, RSV); "tempted by Satan," says Mark (1:13, RSV). The Bible uses different figures of speech to represent the Evil One, In Genesis 3;13 it is a serpent; 3n I Peter 5:8, it is a lion; in Philippians 3:2 it is a dog; In Revelation 12:3 it Is a dragon. These creatures from the natural world are evidently intended to suggest subtlety, fierceness, roaming tendencies, unearthly power and violence. Evil does not have these characteristics. It does beset us in all these ways. Artists have sometimes represented Jesus' temptation as an encounter between Htm and a creature with horns iind a tail. These latter are not Biblical in origin, but no details cun oe too repulsive in attempting to picture wills thnt are rebellion against God. The Scottish people have not been especially noted for their contributions to the art of the world. Yet many suppose that the Scottish artist, W. Dyce, has given vis the most realistic of all representations of Jesus' encounter with evil. He shows a monotonous landscape and a Figure seated upon a stone. The hands are clasped and there is an expression of Intense thought on the beautiful but manly features of Htm who has gone alone Into th« desert. eligible to receive the anti-polio shots. They are to be returned to teachers and will be used in making up separate registration schedules. Dr. J. E. Beasley is county health officer and Miss Jewel Lee is volunteer chairman for the vaccine program in Mississippi County. 'Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon and Thursday with scattered bhun- dershowers Thursday night. Friday clearing and cooler. High thla afternoon in the upper GO's to low 70's. Low tonight In the high 30'g to low 40'a. MISSOURI — Mostly fair, windy and warmer this afternoon and tonight; Thursday Increasing cloudiness and mild; low tonight 40-46; high Thursday 66-70, Maximum yenterdny—«. Minimum thin morning—38. unrlBfl tomorrow—5;49, HunsK today—0:20. Mean temperature— 49. Precipitation Ian 46 hours I* 7 », m —None. Preclpltntlon Jfin. 1 to dftU—12,11, Thin Dite I,«it Y«ftf Maximum y«t«fd»y—75. Minimum th)4 morning—M. Precipitation Juaiury i to d*t*« 14.64.