The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on October 26, 1935 · 14
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 14

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 26, 1935
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14 THE BOSTON GLOBE SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26. 1035 SATURDAY, OCT 26, 1935 Globe Man's Daily Story-Many years ago wien Calvin ' Coolidge firit met Hoty Long he in-. quired: "What part of tit Stat are you from? Oh," answered Huey with hi uanal aplomb: To a hill-billy like , yonreef., TO A BAD START IN the modern revival of the Olympic games the wrangling has usually come afterward. When, for Instance, the first place in the Marathon at London in 1912 was claimed for the staggering Dorando, who had been carried part of the way by English policemen, there was quite a row because the judges decided that a man must finish under his own power. In various years there have been squabbles concerning high jumps or short runs but usually after the event. It has been the custom as the games approached for all concerned to polish up their company manners and talk sweetly about the brotherhood of athletes. The meeting scheduled for Berlin next year lacks this atmosphere largely because of the intense racialistic and nationalistic panic in Germany. All the rest of the world is familiar with what the Nazis under Hitler have done to the Jews and of the only less severe attitude taken toward those Protestants and Catholics who declined to make their religious faith subservient to the teaching of the Nazi state. For months there have been scouting expeditions examining the German scene in an endeavor to find out what the authorities 'propose to do about the German Jewish athletes and also how foreign competitors of Jewish blood are to be treated. Mostly the official ob servers from thisv country have been disposed to report that the brown shirts ' do not cover black hearts. But Judge Mahoney of I?ew York, president of the A. A. U., has taken an opposite position. In Its support he published a brief denouncing in unmeasured terms the German attitude. The document represents much research and hard work, giving citations as it goes along. But the answer made to it by some others high in the athletic world is that Judge Mahoney is a candidate for public office with the election coming next month. Those who agree with him retort that his critics are looking ' for a free excursion to some foreign land and do not care where it is. In return there is pleading for the young men and the young women who will miss their chance after training for the team if the Americansido not participate in the Olympics this year. Gen Charles H. Sherrill, who was once the record holder of the 100-yard dash and has had much experience as a diplomat, is decidedly in favor of having the American team go over. His enthusiasm has carried him to such a point that he issues a warning against too much talk about discrimination against the Jews. He expresses the fear that it may stimulate anti-Semitism in this country. One concludes from his argument that he must have been rather inadequate in the diplomatic service, however excellent he was as a sprinter in the gay '90s. A leading Catholic weekly has come out with a demand that the Americans refrain from participation. But the point of vantage seems to be occupied by Avery Brundage, chairman of the American Olympic committee. He sayc our teams will positively go over and adds a few words about not permitting old world hatreds to be transported to this country. At the same time he frowns on any attempt to distort the decision of the Olympic committee, which he heads, into an indorsement of Hitler's policies. A slight dent seems to have been made on somebody in Germany. There is a young woman, Helene Mayer, now in this country, who i a German and has the reputation of being the best woman fencer in the world. She has represented Germany in this event but she is a Jewess, and for reasons that might be guessed has left her native land. Recent advices are that Miss Mayer has been urged by cable to return J to Germany and to compete in her event as a German. Whether she does or not the invitation is in the record. The city of Berlin wants the Olympics very much indeed because of the tourist trade. - The memory is fresh of how Los Angeles made money in 1932 in spite of the depression. An enormous athletic plant has been built and the thrifty landlords are fixing to raise their rents. y It looks as though the games would take place with Americans as starters, but it remains difficult to reconcile the prevailing German nationalism with support of an event that represents the furthest advance of internationalism. Any way, no one need go over expecting unlimited sweetness and light. Uncle Dudley. Retirement ' Announcement by Judge Joseph J. Corbett of the Land Court that he has reconsidered his request for retirement, made four years ago, illustrates the reluctance to retire repeatedly shown by judges who do not like the official who would appoint their successors. Judge Corbett was willing to retire when uov Ely was in office. He feels differently now. . When Ben Butler was Governor of Massachusetts the judges of the state not only did not retire but clung so determinedly to life that Gov Butler did not appoint a judge during his tempestuous year in office. Justice Stephen J. Field of the Supreme Court of the United States, though a Democrat, was so bitterly hostile to Grover Cleveland that he took special care of himself throughout Mr Cleveland's term. Also judges accept retirement with the greatest regret under any circum stances. Many judges continue to work long years after they are eligible for pension. On the present Supreme Court five of the justices could now retire, having passed the age of 70 and having served more than 10 years on the bench. But the possibility of any of them accept ing the generous pension and quit ting active work is small. Judge Corbett, announcing that his request for retirement had lapsed" when Mr Ely left office, is following the tradition of his profession. Naval Conference Calling ef a naval conference in London under present circumstances is unlikely to further the cause of international disarmament. In the present state of world affairs no government is in a mood to make concessions impairing its freedom of action. The best that can be hoped for the conference in London is that it will not add to tensions already existing. - For our part our most important consideration must be our relations with .the British. Under existing treaties the navies of the United States and Great Britain are placed on parity. The present is no time to attempt to preserve this status except "in principle," as the diplomats say. An effort to limit our navy to a size agreeable to the British, or vice versa, will probably only lead to controversy and antagonism. The best we can do is each to build the navy suitable to its needs without worrying about what the other is doing. x Pacific Air Mail Report that regular air mail across the Pacific is to be inaugurated in the near future may come as a surprise and cause some wonder why this service should have spanned the Pacific before it was established over the Atlantic. , But the explanation may be simple. The Atlantic is now only a four-day ride on a steamship. The Pacific is still a couple of weeks or more. The efforts of the airplane company setting up regular passenger and mail service to the Orient will draw the opposite shores of the Pacific much more closely together. Testator's Joy (London Times) Among the pleasures of . old age few can compare with that of will-making. To insert, to strike out, to insert again, to devise conditions and to tighten them up, to study expectant faces and to keep people guessing, to drop half -hints and to lead the gullibly greedy up the garden path, these are the pastimes that give savor to the most limited and invalid existences. There has just taken to the streets of Budapest a young man whose uncle's will has left him $150,000, but on conditions. The fortune may only come to him after it has been spent on firewood, and no one can eat firewood. The legatee can only sell the firewood after he has chopped it with his own hand, day by day, and he must sell it personally. Another nephew, and a lawyer at that, is appointed by the will to watch, what happens, and himself becomes the heir to.everythlng if he can prove a breach of the conditions. The Hungarian nephew has been fortunate to escape without any description of his failings appearing in the will. The story is on record of George Sand, who could not wait to open her husband's will and discovered it to be full of curses aimed at her, whereupon she left him and set up as an authoress with a room of her own., ( Editorial Points Judge Holly of Chicago says "Profanity is now customary and . is accepted ,by the best people." WelL perhaps' the best Chicago people. - o It is hard for even kindly Gov Cur-ley to do favors. He would have made Councilor Baker a judge, only Judge Corbett wouldn't retire and Councilor Baker isn t sure he wants the job. o - You'll find it a good deal easier to give up $10 voluntarily to charity than to pay $10 extra, under compulsion, in your next year's income tax. o - Frank E. Bailey Jr says there's no danger of Communism so long as the average man can get gas for his car. Now there's an idea for the government! Movements and demonstrations for peace are very well if one can be sure the other fellow feels the same way. Selassie was strong for peace. o ' Turns out that the New York critics' prize for the best play is only a medal; never mind finishing Act I, brothers. - . o . That deep drone in the sky yesterday was from Washington where the President has set things humming. o California is in the news with high income taxes, gales, conflagrations and an earthquake, all together. California, here we stay! o The mackerel are getting scarcer, but there's still creamed salt cod to eat on baked potato ' these cold nights. o Discovering that he is paying $22 a year tax on his cigarettes, one is inclined, though not perceptibly, to swear off. o It's still a long time to the next international cup race, the only time when we all hope the home team loses. o - Tech students will not throw eggs or vegetables at the Field Day this year. Might as well rename it Sissy Day and go wearing veils. - o - Best comedy on the radio: a newscaster struggling to describe the Duchess of Roxburghe's wedding gown. . o Going to see Harvard dancing on the Green this afternoon? ' No, you're not., . . o We are still importing Argentine corn, but by gosh we're selling potatoes to Cuba! . .. o - If the country repudiated the Administration policy would Quoddy Dam be abandoned half finished? o How pleasant is Saturday night when you've tried all the week to be good! . o Loyalty is safe in Saugus: the Jehovah's Witness children have been expelled from school. o Old Man Sun is saggin off to the south'ard pretty fast these days. o Winston Churchill says Germany is now the real war menace. So is every other European nation except the Scandinavians. o Sure Uncle Sam'll go to the naval parley; wouldn't miss it! Ex-Slave Goes .... to Washington (St Louis Foit-Disroatchl The appointment of Dr George Washington Carver, director of agricultural research at Tuskegee Institute, as v collaborator in the United States Department of Agriculture, calls attention to one of the most unusual of contemporary careers. Born In slavery on a farm near Diamond Grove, Mo, during the Civil War, he was stolen in infancy, subsequently to be exchanged for a race horse valued at $300. He worked his way through high school in Kansas and through Iowa State College, where he earned his master's degree in science in 1896. Notwithstanding his color, on graduation he was made a member of the faculty, but soon gave up his post to become one of the early shapers of Booker T. Washington's Tuskegee Institute. Truly amazing results have come from Dr Carver's researches. For , the lowly peanut he has found some 200 uses, extracting a wide variety of products, including oils, pharma ceutical preparations, paper, ink, rubber, wood stains, soap, axle grease, and synthetic milk and cream. The sweet potato has yielded him many foodstuffs, among them flour, starch, vinegar and tapioca. He has taken paints and dyes from common clay; Egyptologists claim that one of his deep blue pigments amounts to the rediscovery of a lost process. Grandstand Quarterback WtftHE$ 6W0F;SCORE 0-0. 1b RUN frtE EHDS WAHT5 1b KH0W0F IH PARTICULAR UWfUEVPOH'f Mi 51AR FULLBACK RUN WllH frtE BftU. FiHDS HE WAS -TAKEN O0fOF6AME m FiRSf QUARTER (Copyright, My sterious s Their Christianity. Is Sometimes Diluted MEASURING ETHIOPIA Published exclusively In thi territory in the Boston Globe by - arrangement with Little. Brown & Co. Copyright. 1935, by Carleton Stevens Coon. - -By Carleton S. Coon. F1AR more interesting than the Europeans of Addis Ababa, but . also much more difficult to study, are the native occupants of the country. Of the : many peoples who inhabit Ethiopia, two are most numerous, the Amharic-speaking Ethiopians themselves, and the Gallas, who are in the majority. The Ethiopians proper are ' the descendants of Semitic-speaking people who formerly . professed the Jewish religion, but who were converted to Christianity of the Coptic variety in the very early days of that- faith. Their habitat originally was and still Is the inaccessible highlands of the north, where they - are divided into five principal tribes, each under feudal leadership. Although these tribesmen form today the backbone of the Ethiopian Empire, they cannot be considered Hailie Selassie's most loyal subjects, for their personal fealty goes rather to their own tribal cnieis, who are often indifferent to the central government. The Gallas. on the other handVare the descendants of wild raiders who attacked Ethiopians in the 16th century from the southeast, cutting the kingdom into pieces, and occupying most of the grasslands on all sides of the mountains except the north. These Gallas, originally footmen, took over the horse very rapidly from the Ethiopians and developed into cavalry experts as quickly as did the Indians of our own plains during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.' Essentially cattle-breeding nomads, it was some time before the Gallas, finally quieted and settled in the present Ethiopia, took to farming, and some of the more primitive of them still disdain the thought of agriculture. Gradually the Gallas in most parts of the Empire have taken over Ethiopian Christianity, although some of them have accepted Islam from the Somalis and Arabs. The Christianity of the Gallas, however, is but a feeble masquerade. When no Ethiopians are present they still conduct their ancestral forms of worship. Theirsis an animistic religion. All nature is pervaded by an omnipotent spirit, called Wakaimu, which has neither sex nor corporeal form. Wakaimu's chief dwelling places are mountains, streams and trees, and these natural objects are deeply venerated by the Gallas. Bulls are sacrificed to mountains and to rivers, and dead children are hung in trees instead of being buried. Medicine men called kalitchas have the power of conversing with Wakaimu and of interpreting his wishes to common people, and through their control over the avenues to the supernatural they are usually rich and powerful. For some reason they choose to appear in female guise, for they plaster their hair with butter after the fashion of women and wear women's clothing. Perhaps they are supposed to be the wives of Wakaimu, but that would imply that he is male, and seems improbable. At any rate these kalitchas are not beloved by the Coptic priests whom the Ethiopians send into Gal-la villages, and at times they prac-j Monday: No Clippers :By DomM B. Will.rd: SO a guy just lets his hair grow, so far as he has any hair, for week after week and month after month. For half a dollar and in 20 minutes he could have it all cut off or all trimmed up. He could look like a well-groomed gentleman, instead of a maned lion, it would be very simple. For some obscure reason, however, he keeps postponing the evil MvSiOAN NO SiR, aay. Why he should dread the barber's chair, no one knows. It may be that he is full of energy, so that he dislikes to sit still. But, in any other chair he would sit and rest and loaf for two hours, particularly if he had any work to do. ' Sometimes the man is afraid. He has a fear of those busy shears, flashing and snapping at his ears, VARDS -fHR0u6H THE ltit . f Wrtttf Pi DUMB PJ.ACE lb -TRV )f, NAfdRAlLY OPPONENT'S WERE EPEcrtW6 If ANOWEfc P1AV BEK SMEARID. NEVER SEEN A WORSE CHOICE OF PLAY&, OR A DUMBER QUARTERBACK 1935, by The Bell Syndicate, Iue.) 4 Origins of the Ethiopians mmmmmmmmmmm3BBmTL ' '7ZH"'l1B9t&'i . :MISHBBHSMHSSSBflBMBMM f Lull ' 'z" (A. p. photo SELASSIE'S ONE OF tice their rites in secret, at others bribe the officials not to molest them. In Addis Ababa itself there are several kalitchas, who of necessity conduct their ceremonies in great secrecy. I was promised an interview with one of them, and an opportunity to witness him at his rites, but such was the character of later events that this interview became impossible. Isolated in Galla country are two islands of Ethiopian-speaking people, the Kafacitos and Guraghes. The former, who occupy the old kingdom of Kafa, claim Portuguese blood, and were isolated by the Galla invasion. The latter, the Guraghes, live just to the southwest of Addis Ababa and are numerous in the capital. They are patient, hard-working, intelligent people. Most of the porters in the city are Guraghes, and one sees many pf their women, easily distinguished by three hatched lines of tattooing stretching around their necks from ear to ear. It is usually claimed that the Guraghes are whiter than any other people in Ethiopia and yet are looked down upon as a despised caste. It did not seem to me, from a casual observation, that they are really lighter than the Amharas as a whole, but my opinion has no fact to sup port it. Many theories have been advanced as to the origin of the Guraghes, but one seems most likely, that their ancestors came from Tigre, the northernmost Province of Ethiopia, a large part of which lies in Italian Eritrea., The reason for this contention is that the Guraghe language is very similar to"tI.e dialect of Tigre, from which it is most widely separated by distance. Why the Guraghes should be despised is another problem, for no more industrious and inoffensive people can be found anywhere in the Empire. Even more interesting In a way than the others, and by far the least j "White"' Men Among the Varied and he is afraid of those clippers which climb up the back of his neck into the wool. How does he know that the barber is competent to handle those scissors? And besides, why do barbers keep snapping their scissors all the time, whether they are cutting hair or not? Is it just a nourish? So the hair just grows longer and longer, anyway. Some like it long. Some find long undulating waves come naturally to their heads, and secretly they admire themselves. Some think long hair adds to their dignity. And there's one prominent educator in this town, full of dignity, who wears his hair long on the hack of his neck because, in his youth, he was walloped on the squash by a control handle in the paw or a motorman he d been impolite to. Only a few are violinists. Most are lazy.. They'd rather do their sleeping in their own chairs, at meir own desxs. Tubercular Cattle Eliminated MOUNT PLEASANT, Tex (A P) Seeking to eliminate all tubercular cattle in Camp, Morris, Franklin and Titus Counties, a crew of veterinarians tested cattle herds here for two months. Among 27,701 cattle were found 20 "reactors.'1 appraised and disposed of by the Government. By Gluyas Williams -TEAM -ftJES AN JfllfelCAlE FORWARD pfcss which tails. snoof6 F0R Prfr"S SAKE 1b PR6P -friAf RlCkf STUFF MiU PiAV T&CrfBWL fEAM SCORES OH A FORWARD CriERlK6.SUBSJPES, ANNOUNCES frtAf 3 lVi fVPE OF P1AV HE'S lUti lEUiHSTriEMfO USC - BUGLERS known, are the purely Negro tribes which live in the hot, moist lands below the Ethiopian plateau, to the west of the escarpment. These are lumped by the Ethiopians under the general term Shankalla, or, in Arabic, Beni Shangul, and are not held in the highest esteem by their political masters. These Negroes vary tremendously in height, for some tribes run rather short, while others contain men of gigantic stature. ' We were shown pictures of these men, taken alongside moderately tall missionaries, with the missionaries' heads under the Shankallas' armpits. The tall men are not spindly, but heavily built and well muscled. For centuries the Shankalla country has been the resort of slave raiders, who chain these harmless people in long lines and prod rhem with spears into the highlands, where they sell some to local dealers and whence they send others to the Eritrean coast for shipment to Arabia. Needless to say this slave trade is still nourishing, despite the declara tions of the Ethiopian Government that it is doing all in its power to stop it. Not only do Ethiopians themselves participate in this lucrative industry, but tso Arabs and even Europeans. Despite the at tempts of the Government to sup' press them, photographs of slave caravans en route. 01 runaways being speared and tied up to trees horribly mutilated, are shown in secret in many Addis Ababa drawing-rooms. It is partly through fear that ex peditions bent on scientific purposes will stumble upon these caravans that the Government is so anxious to have as few foreigners traveling about the country as possible. At times one may meet a caravan and not realize its nature, for the slaves often march unchained and cannot to the inexperienced eye be distinguished from other travelers. Ethiopians. THE Once Over By H. I. PHILLIPS Entitled "Knock Us Over! Here's a Feather" (Haile Selassie denied to correspondents that the Italians had used dumdum bullets or poison gas against his soldiers. News item.) FIRST COR RESPONDENT Would you care to comment on the use of dumdum bullets against your men? Selassie No dumdum bullets were used. Second Correspondent Why, Your Majesty, it was so reported all over the world! Selassie My investigation reveals that the report was false. Third Correspondent (quite amaejad) Do you understand us clearly? The report was that Italy had been guilty of this atrocity, NOT that Ethiopia had so far forgotten the code. Selassie (quite calmly) I under stand. First ' Correspondent But the re port was made by an American Red Cross leader. You can't have any thing more convincing than that. Your Majesty. Selassie Nevertheless. I am satis fied that it was untrue! All the Correspondents (aghast) Tst! Tst! Tst! First Correspondent What have you to say about Italy using poison gas? Selassie Nothing! Second Correspondent What! Noth ing to say about your enemy using - - . Y . 11 poison gasf nuw, rcauy, x must . . . Selassie There is no evidence that Italy used it Third Correspondent (tearing his hair) Imagine itl He wants evidence! All the Correspondents (wild-eyed) Are we dreaming? First Correspondent There is the report that the Italians drove tanks over helpless natives, crushing them to death. What about that? Selassie Bunk! Second Correspondent (groggily) Quick! The spirits of ammonial Third Correspondent The report was carried on the first page of newspapers all over the world. It creates tremendous sympathy for your country. Selassie Nevertheless, It Is 'a take report, a lie! Firit Correspondent Are you certain? v - . Selassie I had It Investigated per- a 1 ir. vr John Bull's Rising Temper By James H. Powers AN event of vast importance in European history occurred this put week. The responsible leader of the Government of the largest Em pire on earth, an Empire which controls 7.288.000 . square miles of colonial territory and knits together populations aggregating 446,192,-000, formally announced at Lon-' don that his Government are CHURCH 1 1 .1, convinced a second Great War impends, that emergency preparations to face thi threat are imperative, and that the electorate in Great Britain must go immediately to the polls in a general election, the sole issue of which shall be a rearmament of the British Empire, at top speed, and on a tremendous scale. Premier Stanley Baldwin cautiously predicted that the trouble may come by January, though he refrained from giving any further Inkling of Its nature. The fact which stands forth is that the Premier has definitely aligned himself with views expressed by the more experienced foreign correspondents In Europe and Asia, none of whom gives peace another 18 months to run. Against what is the. British Empire deciding to arm in almost panic haste? Why has the Government of France, already deeply in the financial red ink, tossed another huge appropriation into the insatiable maw of militarism this past week? What is back of the unease, stirring throughout the whole' Eurasian Continent? Clews are furnished by recent events in the Mediterranean, and by the speech of Winston Churchill, in the same Parliament Mr Baldwin addressed. Mr Churchill's inability to hold his tongue is one of his better-known-characteristics. Lashing out at Germany (whose expenditures on war preparation this year he estimates at no less than $4,000,000,-000), he demanded a fleet powerful enough to settle beyond any challenge the questioc of Britain's dominance in the Mediterranean. Thus he boldly identifies the foe as Fascism. The Anglo-Italian crisis in the Mediterranean has produced in England a notable growth of this view. The New Statesman and Nation, a London publication of importance, aligns itself with the conservative Economist in saying the same thing. What exigencies of diplomacy may make it expedient for Britain's diplomats to refrain from saying, the English public itself is saying bluntly. That public is convinced that unless Fascism is halted soon,. it will crush every nation whose political traditions are founded in the thesis of democracy. Fascism finds its mainstays today In three important powers, two of them In Europe and one in Asia. Significantly, each of these has certain characteristics in common with the other two. All three came out of the World War dissatisfied with the division of territory. Aain, all three faced tremendous problems as to population and raw materials resources. In all three living standards sagged, and a sense of national humiliation lurked among the populace. Fascism made its first bow in the nation confronted by the most difficult situation Italy where the movement began in 1922 and two years later held supreme power. It appeared next, after nine years had elapsed, in the nation which was second only to Italy in domestic economic disabilities Japan where it detonated In 1931 in the Man-churian campaign. Finally, after long delays, the impact of the world depression brought the same movement into being in Germany, in the Spring of 1933. The Fascist menace stirred little serious alarm at first. Beginning with the Japanese assault upon China, the threat began to assume new aspects, particularly for those nations 'having huge imperial holdings. Japan ran afoul of the League of Nations at Geneva and bolted that organization. She was successful in evading any serious penalties, owing to division within the League and to a curious error in British policy, whose directors imagined Japanese expansion could be directed away from the British Empire and against Russia and the United States. Within eight months after the filing of the Lytton report London realized its mistake, as Fascist-military Japan began to bombard British markets throughout the world. Still, Asia was far away from Europe; and Japan was a peculiar sonally, found it untrue and do not see how anybody could expect me as a responsible ruler, an honest man and trustworthy member of the hu man race to encourage further cir culation. All Correspondents (swoon in a) What a man! He's POSITIVELY UN CIVILIZED! (Cuitain with a thud.) . (Ceprrtsht. iws. . y r !i r country, lacking in Western traditions. Perhaps she wn a special case. So Europe doe4 along until Mussolini reached out with a Ion military afnj acrt the Mediterranean Sea for Ethiopia. The Fascist threat had riea in the heart of Europe. Tt threat is accompanied by overt and bold challenge to the Entijfc Empire, whose imperial communications are Jeopardz- whose -position hi Egypt and tb Sudan is endangered. whoe relations with its own myriad raws of color are placed on a precarious footing. John Bull waked up ss if a thunderbolt had' landed ca roof. The Leajrue. which be hi hitherto regarded indiJrerer.Ur, came to life as he began f unouiiy to operate the Lplomauc pI-motor ?t Geneva. His m.z,-r Ceet began to plow the seas toward the Mediterranean. Cra with Italy deepened. For the m time since Benito Mus&oLnj set out on his "March to Rome" 13 years before. Great Britain bejaa to examine Fascism more c'.oty and to appraise its objectives. She decided that those objectives consisted primarily in the destruction of her own Empir by Fascist hosts. Her opinion was strengthened when she noted the alacrity with which the French, led by M LavaL sought to t: themselves to the Fascist bandwagon as allies, that the attack might be diverted from a French empire, second only in size to that of John Bull himself. Laval's attempted dicker with Hitler illustrates the same policy. The spread of Fascism In Europe is a fact worthy of notice. It dominates Italy. Germany and Austria, thus forming a solid barrier across the Continent from the Baltic to the Mediterranean. This past week it took charge of the Yugoslav Parliament, next door to Austria. It has penetrated the Baltic slates. It still holds rwy in Poland, and exercues a formidable influence in Finland. The Scandinavian countries have been fighting it off during the past year, but in Bulgaria. Rumania, and Czechoslovakia in the south of Europe, it is increasingly powerful. In every one of these countries the people have had little or r.o experience of democratic traditions. The ideals of Fa;cism are the logical consequence of this lack of democratic tradition, plus the postwar facts which these nations had to face. These idea!s represent a throwback to hysterical nationalism, militaristic ambition, single-minded devotion t brute force and the suppressioa of human liberties in ail directions. Fascism is the quintessence of the old 19th century imperialism, stripped of all its modifications and denuded ruthlessly of all its tendencies to compromise with the masses. It envisages government as an exploitive rule-by-force of masses who are to be multiplied for wars of eon-quest and debased to a living standard similar to that of the Asiatic coolie. Consequently, Fascism Is at mortal clash with all forms of representative government, uproots all Western conceptions of tice. to replace them with the whims" of its own lactionaries. assails religious liberty, suppresses all freedom of communication among its victims, seeks to detour science exclusively to its own purposes, erases all individual rights, and a.cp;res to throttle that human curiosity by which civilization has hitherto developed during twenty-five centuries of recorded history. Politically, it would cancel as worthless the whole experience of the past 1000 years in the West in the development of human institutions of government. Economically it plumps for a new industrial and economic serfdern of the multitudes. In the name of abolishing -politics it makes politics the accompaniment ef every human activity twenty-four hours a day. Such a conception of huarsn society is big with trouble frr democratic traditions. John BuIL sifting recent events, seems to feel that a showdown js approaching between thee two irreconcilable doctrines. That is tfca story behind his plans tor rearmament. pOStOll I0UE XUbliihKi Vrri 4. im avoiM aiboa Tira lmnte THZ BOSTON SUNDAY CUOBS Tart Issued Oct. 1. 1"? SUBSCRIPTION RATES TBS DAILY GLOBE fKtnuil 1, 2 and 3. Including ail few Eax!na (except Maine . New York citr, p" New York, PennaarHaiua. MTT-land and aU cat New JrracF . Per meata tT er year . The remainder 9 the Travt States Zooea 4. S. a. 7 aad . tn-etudwe r"aat Minna Per mor.Ui J Per year In the Boston Portal Dumci Per monta - I! Par year All Cardar'NeVouidland". taaraaar arvd South America. SOe per month. eian countries. S300 per mootlt. tfr2 cop lea br mail. 3 cent. Back number aj mall S cents per eopr; 3 oioi". " months old. 10 eenta per copy: " months o!d. 1 5 cenU per rtrry : a P" . to IS months old, SS cenu pes ropy. t?TW one Fear eld out o print. THE SUNDAY GLOBE Portal Zones 1. a and 3 . Per nranlli -T Per eac -T S'.nsle copies by mail Postal Zones 4. S. ft. 1 and I - : flat In la copies' W'tna'd" !!!"! toe Boston Postal District All of Canada "vwmiArf;i"."l JW and South America. ?Oc per aton'J) " etn countries. Sl-Su per month- B-c bers by ica-1. 1 monin to 9 niontos od. .' cents per copy; S months to nxoifc SO cents per copy; moo'ns to n"1?, old. JS cents per copy: mooln to" months id. M ccou per copy. Cos y" old out of print. 1 tit GLCrE NcWSPAFT-R rOStFA' X3 Wf-unrt on St.. JEo-oo.3?5 The Avociated Pres is esciu-.ey entitled to the use for publication a:l news dispatches credited to it or bxm otnerwiae cred-ted in I b:i paper ad aLo Ute local news puthshed herr.a. AU Tights of republication of spectai dispatches herein are a.o jryrfc Any advertisement the sense and vaiua of which Is maWiaUy affected by an error will bo ien a retnjb 'nation without extra charts upon votico In wTlune given to the Globe Newspaper Company within twenty-four heurs after tne Insertion of fie advertisement. If the advertiser dne wish republication, or tf notice as foresaid is net riven within twenty-fovr hours, the Globe Newspaper Company, if requested within tturty days, will return to tne aoverusrr tne jn paid toy the advertiser for the publication. Except to the extent aforesa'd. the Gkibo wiU not be liable to th aiertlser for misuses or errors J the publication of advsrtisrmeots. r money will be returned, on account ol an error which does not affect toe meanuui or value of the dvertief5 or on account of an error roads by too republication will be given, and . no advertiser in the copy. Please do not aeft4 rash throush the naa In payment of advertising or suSscripliors. M ' PmtAflii. mm.. nrAr. rhrir or SSW I press gaonty order. The Boston Oiaoa.

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