The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 26, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, March 26, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEW8PAPBR OT HORTU***! ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 5 Blythevllle Courier BlythevWe Dally New* filythevllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MARCH 26, 1955 EIGHT PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Benson Terms US DA Attack Propaganda' By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Agriculture Benson has termed "poltical propaganda" a House Appropriations Committee report charging his department with negligence and irresponsibility. A continuing farm policy split Cold Expected To Hang Around Frigid Weafher Moves Into State Causing One Death By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Bitter winter weather — with freezing temperatures ruinous to fruit crops — moved into Arkansas yesterday and is scheduled to remain for the weekend. One death in Arkansas was attributed to the cold. A 78-year-old fanner of Cnve Springs, in the Fayetteville area, was found early today on the door .step of his house. Coroner W. F. Burns of Benton said H.P. Holley died of over exposure. Heavy damage has been reported to fruit and flowers. The peach crop is considered a total loss. In BlythevilLe, citizens awoke this morning to the chill of a 15- degree temperature as the mercury skidded to its lowest late-March mark in recent years. A hard freeze accompanied the cold which is feared to have seriously hurt blooming shrubs and flowers.' Aside from this, however, the cold wave is not expected to cause any serious agriculture damage in this area. Backwaters of the Current and | the Black Rivers in the Pocahontas area were reported frozen this morning, The main currents, however, remained free of ice. The U. S. Weather Bureau at Liltie Rock forecast fair and continued cold weather this afternoon and tonight. Sunday is supposed to he fair with slowly rising temperatures in tlie afternoon. Below Normal The long-range forecast calls for temperatures from five to 10 degrees below norm hi through Wednesday. The forecast called for lempem- See WKATHKK on Pane 8 Sewer Work Needs Only A Go-Ahead A preliminary sewer survey, conducted here during the past several weeks by Max Mehlburger, the city's consultant engineer on the sewer project, has been completed and actual contracting of construction work awaits only formation of the Southern Improvement District, Mayor K. R. Jackson said j today. I A few minor changes were made in the original design of the system :is a result of the survey, Mayor Jarkson said. I-'crmntmn of' the Southern District may be m\ir nt hand. Chamber of Cunuju'rci 1 ol finals arc clicking the valuation of property whose owners have signed petitions calling for the formation of the district to determine whether the required two-thirds of the assessed valuation in the district has been sifncd. One hundred ei»hty-i?i<4ht names of the estimated 200 needed several weeks ago have been obtained. between Benson and some members of Congress broke out anew yesterday when the House Appropriations Committee blistered the agriculture secretary "and others around-him" for what It said were "political and other considerations" governing many of their official acts. The blast was contained in a committee report recommending funds for the Agriculture Department in the fiscal year starting July 1. Lack of Courage Firing back at his congressional foes, Benson said in a .statement: "This appears to be an intent to fix blame o n this administration for an unsound and unworkable program . . . which has been continued 10 years beyond the (World War II) emergency because of the apparent lack of political courage to change it." Benson referred here to a war- born system of high, rigid price props for basic farm commodities. This system was dropped by Congress last year, but the House Agriculture Committee has approved a bfll to restore it. Two members of the Appropriations Commlt'ee, Reps. Horan (R- Wash) and Vursell (R-I11), defended Benson. They said in a separate statement: "We believe that Secretary Ben courageous job." They said, too, they felt the majority report was "fraught with political Implications and inaccuracies." Committee Approved It The report actually was prepared on behalf of a seven-man subcommittee on agricultural appropriations composed of four Democrats and three Republicans, including Horan, Vursell and Rep. j H. Carl Andersen of Minnesota. However, the full appropriations committee of 30 Democrats and 20 Republicans approved It, with the only publicly-stated opposition that of Horan and Vursell. The committee's criticisms,were leveled chiefly at the Commodity Credit Corp. which handles the price support operations, and the rate at which the department has been disposing of government-held surplus farm products, now total- Ing about l r -2 billion dollars. The congressional group also spoke of lower farm income and charged the administration production control programs with forcing farmers off the land. Benson replied "any decline in Income that farmers have experienced occurred while we had an unrealistic rigid support law." He also blamed this now-superseded law for forcing farmers from their farms. A.s for the surplus problem, Ben- .son said his department is "pushing to the limit" its expansion of bo'th domestic and foreign markets for excess farm commoclities ac- ctimulated by the government under rice support operations. But he stressed that the administration does not propose to "dump surpluses in n manner that will break he markets." Bulletin MOSCOW W> — Premier Nik- olni lliileanin s:iid today tie takes a "positive attitude" toward views expressed by President Kiscnliower concerning a Big Four meeting:. Bulgiinin granted a special interview to a Tass correspondent in which he said the Soviet Union approved Kisenhower's Idea "If then- is ID view a conference whicli would contribute to lessening- of tension in international relations." Seized by , _ _,. _ Communist Chino / £ost Chino 5e U.S. Officials Study Red Threat to China Islands Attack on Matsus Could Come Within 3 Weeks, Report Says WASHINGTON (AP) — Intelligence reports under serious study here indicate the Chinese Communists could launch a big attack on Matsu within a few weeks, and on Quemoy perhaps a month later. A number of American military men say the Reds give every indication they intend to make the attack, but several factors could affect the decision, and the timing of any attack. Among them i.s the April 24 open-* • • in'-? date of a conference at Ban- On Disarmament Talk: CHINA REDS SEEK COASTAL CONTROL—By seizing Nationalist-held cd-shore islands, the Chinese Reds now control their own coast from Shanghai to Foochow for the first time since 1949. Important port cities like Haimen. Wenchow and Foochow have no rail links with the rest of China. Road links are sketchy. Therefore the ports have always been supplied by coastal ships from Shanghai on the north to Hong Kong, far to the south. They had to run the Nationalist blockade, based on the off-shore islands However, since the Nationalist evacuations, Chinese Red ships have swarmed into these harbors. The only major off-shore islands left to the Nationalists are the Matsu; and Quemoy Military build-up opposite the Matsus indicates Reds may be preparing all-out assault on them. v House Committee Hikes VA's Budget, Others Cat By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON (AP) — The House Appropriations Committee today recommended $4,463,126,000 to run the Veterans Administration during the fiscal year starting July 1. This was $10,756,000 more than President Eisenhower requested, with the increase earmarked for repair and modernization of older veterans hospitals. duns, Indonesia, to which 30 African and. Asian nations have been invited. Communist China will be among those represented, and there has been speculation an attack might be delayed beyond that date. No Official Word The two island groups, which lie near the Chinese mainland, are major outposts of Chiang Kai- shek's Nationalist forces based on formosa. The united States has declined to say definitely whether it would move only if the attack, were considered the start of a major Asked about that possibility, I bring to the world "a release from the horror of mass de- Press secretary James c. Hager-: struction and a real freedom from fear." ty said any discussion of foreign - -- -- Minister of State Anthony Nut-1 tions" leaked by the Russians ting made the appeal at a news j from the secret five-power disar- conference he said was called "to j mament talks. His statement fol- correct the untruths and distor-1 lowed similar ones last night by Britain Urges USSR 'Show Good Faith' By SEYMOUR TOPPING LONDON (AP) — Britain called on Soviet Russia today to work in good faith for a disarmament accord that would The VA allocation accounted for almost 80 per cent of a $5,845,595,375 money bill to finance 18 independent federal agencies. Due prin- cipaJJy to a 250-million-doIlar pay- , 375. ment to the Civil Service retirement fund, the bill's total exceeded presidential requests by $205,805,- Missco's Population Decrease Continues, New Report Reveals In the last four years Mississippi County was the only county in Arkansas, with cities of 10,000 or more, which lost population, according to an estimate by the U. S. Bureau of Census. The main factor in the loss was seen as the decreased cotton acreage during the past few years. The 1950 census showed Missis-1 ber of banks in the state and the sippi County with 82.375 people and | second largest total of bank de- second only to Pulaski in total population. .The 1953 estimate by the census bureau showed n decrease in population to 78,777 people and the 1954 census estimate listed the county with having 75,166 persons posits. The county has the second largest number of school students in the state and is second in the number of births over the four-year period. —a loss of 7,209 people over a period of four years. In the special census which covered several towns in northern Arkansas. Leachville showed a pop- j illation gain from 1,230 to 1,454. Sixth in Income Mississipm County ranks sixth in the state among the counties in the spocial income census. In the years between 1949 and 1954 the census showed Mississippi having lost a little over S2.000.000 in income with a listed total income in 1954 of $54.300.000. The live other counties listed above this county in income are Garland. Jefferson, Pulaski, Sebastian and Union. They also have such cities a.s Fort Smith. Little Rock, Hot Springs. Pine Bluff and El Dorado and have industries such as oil, timber, tourists and coal. The 16 school districts in Mis>is- I sippi i.s the largest number in any 1 SO | county In the state. Mississippi County also was listed a.s having the second largest num- Poultry Men Map Plans to Fight Opposition to Feed Tax Exemption Leaves Family With No Clothing Aid is'being sought for a mother. father and their three children today after fire struck their farm home last night and destroyed practically all their possessions. The Arlu Foster family escaped with little but what they wore to bed when fire hit their home in the Cole Ridge area, around midnight. Clothing, including shoes, are needed by nl! members of the family. A boy, age 12 and two girls, nine and five, comprise the family. along with the parents. Household articles and food also may be left for the family at the Courier News office. DANVILLE, Ark. (/PI — Arkansas chicken growers, fighting to keep their hope for exemption from the state Kales tax, last night laid plans for a move against their opponents. One course of action suggested at the meeting here was a campaign for an initiated net to broaden the two per cent sales tnx to cover items now exempt. Stftte Sen. Boss Mitchell of Danville said another meeting had been called for Tuesday night to mold the preliminary strategy into a working plan. Meanwhile, Mitchell said he would ask Atty. Gen. Tom Gentry whether -such a move would be legal. Wnnt U On Ballot Lust night's meeting was aimed at countcrpunchlng efforts of south Arkansas people to refer the 1055 act exempting poultry and livestock feed from the sales tax to the 195fi .general election. Alex Washburn, editor of the Hope Star and leader of the referral movement, said Ihe act wns "an outrag« to tht schools." In answering this, Mitchell said: "Since these people are concerned about getting more money for the .schools, we'll pitch In and help them. We want to bring in such Items ns oil field equipment, bus and railroad parts, cotton seed and other cotton products, and radio and newspaper advertising. "We also think those exempt border towns such as Texarkana should have to pay the tax." Rep. Clayton Little of Benton County, who steered the poultry growers' exemption through the last Legislature, said: "Kendy For Team" "Some of those people profess such nn interest In the schools, nnd yet they fought Increasing the sales and Income taxes, which would have brought about actual, Instead of token, relief for the schools." • At Hope, Washburn said he wns ready for Mitchell and the other supporters of the bni to "turn loose their dog.s." H« aaM be ag4-«*4 Uut IU poul- try growers needed some relief, but he added, "They went to the wrong capital to get it." One of the major disputes concerns how much revenue will be lost n.s a result of the act. Opponents claim the total loss will run nearly three million dollars a year. Gov. Orval Paubus has estimated the loss at one million dollars annually. A spokesman for the Arkansas Poultry Federation said no more than three quarters of a million would be lost. Cherry Vetoed It The battle to remove the sales tax from poultry and livestock feed began In the 1053 Legislature, which also approved the bill. Gov. Francis Cherry vetoed It on the ground that the state could not replace the lost revenue. It became a hot Issue In Inst summer's Democratic primary In which Faubus defeated Cherry. Wnshburn and his spportcrs will hnvfc to get 21,000 signatures of qualified voters on petitions In order to reler the act lo populni vott. Ike Still Opposes Red China in UN WASHINGTON (W) — President Eise.shower is represented as st-ill against letting Red China take a seat In the United Nations. This was reported by a delegation of Catholic War Veterans who sow the President yesterday. Thomas J. Guile, national commander of the CWV, told newsmen it was "refreshing" to hear that the President sees no reason for a change In this government's attitude. Culte and other officers of the CWV invited the President to their national convention banquet Aug. 20 In New York City. The Invitation was taken Into consideration. He's Not Cured TOKYO W — Police found Klichl Kltngawa yesterday peeping through a window at actress Kelko Tsushima. He had only recently been released from prison, His crime: pooping in Miss Tsushi mft'i wiadow. The committee commended the agencies for having "controlled very carefully" their budgets and for having kept personnel to a minimum. It directed the Civil Service Commission to comply with a previous congressional directive that qualified persons be given an opportunity for federal employment. 5250 Million Allotted Eisenho-.ver had requested no new funds for the Civil Service retirement and disability fund, but had indicated he would a.sk later for 216 millions. The committee said it alloted 250 millions to keep the fund on a "Sound financial basis" and to prevent it from "deteriorating further." The committee pointed out that no federal contribution has been made to the fund for the past two years. The committee cut $5.900,000 from a $58.775.000 request for the Civil Defense Administration. The total includes $12,400.000 for federal contributions .to .states and 30 millions for stockpiling emergency supplies and equipment. For Study Eighty thousand dollars of the Federal Communication- Commission's $6.870,000 allotment was earmarked for a study of problems of radio and television network broadcasting . A request for ?52! .500.000 for stockpiling strategic and critical materials was approved in full. The committee said such materials on hand or on order as of June 30, 1956, would total 56.460.000,000. The bill contains no new authorization for public housing construction. The committee pointed out that the President's public housing program for this session has not been forwarded to Congress 1 . No funds were provided for continuing the National Security Training Commission. The committee said Congress has repeatedly turned down proposals for Universal Military Training and that continuance of a commission to .study the subject would be a "waste of public funds." The Selective Service System was given $26,958,875, a reduction of $515,125 from requests. affairs undoubtedly would touch on Formosa. But he noted that the luncheons had been scheduled for some time. Defense Urged Some military leaders reportedly are urging a strong defense of Matsu, both to save that outpost and to discourage an even larger effort against Quemoy. The reports indicate that unless j the Reds are given a very rough , time in an assault on Matsu, they I could be ready for a heavier blow aainst Quemoy by May. They have built a road from the ] port of Foochow to the tip of a peninsula within heavy artillery range of Matsu. A number of fast motor torpedo boats are known to be secreted | between Foochow and Matsu. j And the Chinese Communists have been improving a World War II Japanese airbase at Kienning, only about 100 miles frorn the j Paris Treaties Face Final Fight In French Senate Foes Preparing for Last Ditch Stand At Closing Session threatened island. Formosa is j roday about the same distance from Mat- By CARL HARTMAN PARIS '.?-—Last-ditch enemies of West German rearmament girded su. Red planes thus might be able to strike the island and be safely on their way home before defending planes could mosa. arrive from For- for the their Paris • final chance to accords in the French Senate. It was the fourth and closing day of the debate. The deciding vote on ratification of the four in- j iresentatives of the United States and France. Asked if there was hope of an eventual agreement, Nutting replied "if we all work in good faith and above all in private I believe we can at any rate narrow points • of difference." But he warned that further Russian leaks would "make it very difficult to see how any progress can be achieved." Proposal Turned Down The Soviets have turned down a Western proposal to cut the U.S., Russian and Red Chinese armed forces to between I and I'/a million each, Western informants say. This was one of the points made last night by U. S. and French delegates who outlined their versions of the monthlong talks. They pledged to continue the negotiations to "cast aside the horrible threat of H-bomb warfare." The Western views were presented after London, Paris and Washington accused .Soviet Deputy For- 3 Killed as Jet Planes Crash Air Force Men Die As B47 Falls; Two Missing in Trainer EL PAP.O. Tex. <.-}'i — Two jets crashed within fin hour of each terlocking treaties was expected .to! ci § n Minister Andrei A. Gromyko come late tonight or early tomor-! of violating conference secrecy row j rules by leaking to the Soviet News Opponents were expected to try ' every trick in the book and any might trip Premier Edgar Faure in his attempt to push through ratification. If rejected, the treaties must go back to the National Assembly, where prospects of being approved again were uncertain. First Test Earls- It was expected the first test would come early in the Senate session — a procedural vote on whether to turn from general debate to discussion of the articles Agency Tas.s a plan presented by him at the talks. The three Western powers also charged that Gromyko's Tass interview misrepresented their position and attempted to give the impression that only Russia was trying to reach a disarmament agreement. "Unacceptable" The Russian turndown of the Western-proposed cut in armed forces was reported by Jules j Moch, chief French delegate. Un- j fier the plan, French forces would the flaming wreckage of a B47 medium jet bomber as the plane legislative action on the pacts. The others are West Germany, Italy, zoomed in for a landing in a howl-j Britain, Canada .Norway, Greece. | before. suggesting a one- third reduction all around, an idea Russia has presented many times dust storm. The crash o'ccur- ! red in the miclst of a housing de| velopment, but the plane did not j strike full force any houses. Two other nen, as yet unidentified, were aboard a T33 jet trainer that crashed and burned a short time later. Turkey, Portugal and Iceland. Belgium, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United States have not yet completed action. Amendments Tried The opposition in the French Senate has been striving to shove through amendments which would Ground parties have not yet' delay, ratification until a West reached the scene, but were to re- European arms pool is set up. Moch described it as "unacceptable." U. S. Ambassador James J. Wads worth, chief American delegate, said in a statement that such a cut "would merely perpetuate the present Soviet superiority in mass armies." "The U.S.S.R. will not say what the figure would be for their forces when they began a one-third cut Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay ! ,, nd wnat - lhey will be altcrwar(ls •• told the senators yesterday the wadsworth said. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Fair and continued cold this afternoon and tonight. Suntiay, fair with sLowly rising temperatures Sunday afternoon. Monday, partly cloudy and wanner. High this afternoon in the mid-20s to near 30. Low tonight from 10 to 18 degrees. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy west and mostly cloudy east portion through Sunday with snow flurries north and east central this afternoon and over extreme east tonight and Sunday; not quite so cold tonight; warmer Sunday; low tonight 8 to 15 above; high Sunday generally in ,10s; west to northwesterly winds 20 to 30 miles nn hour this afternoon. Maximum yesterday—53. Minimum tills morning—15. Sunrise tomorrow—5 :M. Sunset today—6:17. Mean temperature—3-1. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7 p.m. — .08. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dato—12.23. This Dale Last Year Maximum yesterday—Gfl. Minimum this morning—53. Precipitation January 1 to date — U.M. To Review Conviction sume their search at daybreak. The wreckage was believed to have burned out late last night, and was! government was giving priority to no lower visible from low-flying j getting agreement on such a pool, planes " ' ^ ut - ne S!i id. anv attempt to make The B47 struck the freshly-laid! it a condition for approving Ger- foundation of a house in an addi-1 man rearmament would only slow lion near the International Airport j things down. I WASHINGTON up — The U. S. a.s the speedy jet made its ap- Yesterday's session lasted until; court of Military Appeals will reproach. Visibility was cut to one-i 3 a - m - More than 4( > o£ lhe 33 ° \ view Army Cpl. Edward S. Dlcken- half mile by blowing dust and senators spoke. 'son's court-martial conviction and sand Air Force officials said the F.ven those who had promised to [sentence for unlawfully dealing poor visibility was a definite fac- volc for the accords made it plain .with the enemy while a Red pris- tor in the crash. i they were stilt worried by the • oner in Korea. No date has been There were no civilian casualties although an unoccupied house nearby was ignited by burning debris. Damage to civilian property was estimated at 350,000. Emergency crews from Biggs, clad in asbestos, hauled the three dead B47 crew from the smoking debris. The airmen, all stationed at Forbes Air Force Base, Topeka, Kan., were identified as Maj. J. M. Pnntell, 1st U. J. R. Wilson and Capt. J. R. Kingstow. Each was married. Thousands of curious El Pasoans i»nd Biggs personnel watched the plane burn. The crash wns about 17 miles north an'' east of El Paso. Opening Delayed For Star-Vue Opening of Star-Vue drive-in theatre here has been delayed due to wind damage to the screen, Ritz- Roxy Theaters, owners of the theater, announced today. Originally scheduled to open on April 1, official opening of the theater has been delayed several weeks. A new 80 • foot Cinemascope screen'will be installed to replace the damaged screen, it was announced. prospect of a rearmed Germany, iset, however. MiMliliilioiis lor I,KM By DR. J. CARTER SWAIM Dept. of English Bible, National Council of Churches Written for NEA Service A retired minister tells how a young mnn came to him for help with a sermon whose preparation was giving him trouble. "I want to preach," he said, "on the theme, 'How to get the most out of life,' and the sermon doesn't seem to oe unfolding as It should. I was wondering if you could give me some suggestions." "No wonder you are having trouble," said the older man. "You are starting it the wrong place. You are not asking the right question. The Christian does not begin with, 'How can I get the most out of life?' but rather, 'How can I put the most into life?' " Jesus warned that there would be trouble ahead lor anyone who started by asking what he could get out ot life. "For whoever would save his life," He said (Mark 8:35, RSVl, "will lose It; and whoever loses his llfo for My sake and the gospels will save It." Hardly any other saying of Jesus occurs so often. Allowing for parallel accounts of the same Incident, It seems to have been uttered under at least three different sets of circumstances: when peopls were asking what were the signs of the coming kingdom (Luke 17:2I)f, 33); when the twelve were setting out on a preaching tour (Matthew 10:Sf, 39); when Jesus, trying to prepare the disciples for Journey's end, warns of His own impending death (Matthew 18:22-35), What was so often on our Lord's lip: ought to be much la our iMuru and mlndil

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