The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 25, 1955 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, March 25, 1955
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PAGE EIGHT BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1955^ REVIEW ™° FORECAST Cotton. Booming As Central America Enters Competition The Uniwd Slates laces increasing competition in the world cotton market as a result of expanding cotton production in Central America. following a first-hand study of cotton growing potentials in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala, Charles Barber of the Foreign Agricultural Service's cotton division, said that efficient use of excellent land has brought about a six-fold increase in Central American cotton production in the past five years, and that a further rise can be expected. Cotton growers in Nicaragua. El Salvador, and Guatemala have nearly completed picking the largest crops ever recorded in those countries. It is expected that the 1954-55 crops (harvested from December to April) will total nearly 300,000 bales after a steady rise from only 50,000 four years ago. A further increase of about 100,000 bales is expected in 1955-56 and potential production estimates after a few years of development range from 700,000 to 900,000 bales. Nearly all cotton in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala is grown on large-acreage farms using tractors and other heavy equipment for cultivation and airplanes for Insecticidal dusting and spraying. "Central American growers have excellent cotton land," Mr. Barber states, "and have quickly adopted United States methods, equipment and varieties. Including United States certified seed. "They have started in high gear, so to speak, on the efficiency level prevailing in this country, and are producing as high as two bales to the acre without irrigation in some areas. This yield compares favorably with that of some of our best producing areas." Cotton picking labor is adequate in Guatemala and El Salvador at a wage scale of U. S. $1.00 to $1.50 a hundred pounds. It is inadequate, however, in Nicaragua where more than 100 cotton picking machines have been imported. The machines have not been fully satisfactory for use in Nicaragua because only one gin has the special equipment needed to handle machine picked cotton, and because the cotton stalks are too high for efficient machine operation. Only 20 to 25 machines have actually been put into use. Most of the Central American cotton land was formerly pasture, but much of it has been diverted from corn, rice, sesame, sugarcane and citronella grass. Additional acreage will be brought into production by further pasture diversion, and by clearing jungle areas. Much more fertilizer will be used in 1955. especially in Nicaragua and El Salvador. All cotton grown is American upland type, mostly Dclfos in Nicaragua and DPL 15 In El Salvador and Guatemala.' Staple length averages about 1 1/16 inches, and grades are mostly middling and strict lower middling except the late-season harvest which averages a little lower. Ocean port facilities are inadequate on the Pacific Coast in Guatemala and Nicaragua where most of the, cotton for export is loaded on ships by lighters. Port improvements are under official discussion in both countries. El Salvador has adequate wharves and there is no shipment delay lor lack of loading facilities. Pemiscot Notes By W. F. James. Pemiscot County Agent • :_....Tmnonqn^nnH^E- I-M i i —™«~" —,~^ FFA V/INNERS — Mississippi County's Future talent; (back row) Bobby Hamey, Nelson Harris, Farmer of America Federation^ convened in Blytheville this week and these were judged top winners. They are (first row) Danny Born-land, public speaking; Bobby Lewis and Benny Gill, Ray Gulp, Jerry Stallings and Koehler Blankenship, all members of the winning parliamentary procedure team along with Lewis and Gill. (Courier News Photo I Shift to New Crops Is Discussed in Booklet Drainage Conies First The use of yield improving practices on crop land comes after drainage. Good seed and fertilizer won't bail you out if water stands Canvas, Plastic Pipes Are Used Common Equipment In Lonoke County LONOKE—Aluminum, canvas, or plastic pipes are common equipment on irrigated cotton farms in Lonoke county, according to H. E. Maxwell, county agent. Approximately 52,580 feet, ataut 10 miles, of pipe was in use in 1954. Over five miles of canvas tubing was used. Some farmers find it- to their ad- Vantage to use pipe of this kind Realise they can usually carry water to a high point in their field without field ditches, Maxwell said. Farmers using canvas pipe in 1954 were Roy Chaney, Coy; Theron Landrum, Coy; and Coy Scott, England. Plastic tubing WHS used by Turner and Robert Johnson of Coy. C. R. Heron and Carl Sleeks used aluminum pipe with their irrigation system. By using this equipment farmers can irrigate their fields without spending excessive amounts of money on canals. Maxwell said. ou your crop and smothers it or else keeps you from cultivating until the grass takes U. The recent rains will afford you an opportunity to see how well your present drainage system is operating. Some of the best farm drainage systems I've seen have been worked out by farmers who studied their farms carefully following a period of heavy rains. Land levelling to improve drainage as well as improve operational efficiency of nmchinery is the ideal goal on every farm. However, in many cases levelling requires a large cash outlay and besides it lakes several years to actually get the land level. A system of field ditches can be worked out on. most farms to remove surface water and yet cause a minimum of inconvenience to the farm operator. Land levelling can then be worked in as time and money permit. Tn Pemiscot County we have a Soils District Organiatzion which provides the services of U. S. Soil Conservation Service technicians to assist farmers free of charge with their drainage problems. The men working in this county include Harry Barker, farm planner; Don Karwick, farm planner's aid and Bob Axon, engineer. Headquarters for these *inen is in the Armory building in Caruthersville LITTLE ROCK — Points farmers need to consider in reaching decisions on what to do vjith diverted acres are covered in a new leaflet received this week in dounty Agricultural Extension Serifce offices. Controls this year on cotton and f rice have diverted for new uses nearly one-half million acres of Arkansas land. And Extension specialists have compiled cost, expenses, and farm management considerations for various crops which farmers may want to plant on the diverted land. The leaflet, entitled Diverted W A R N I N O ORDER George White; Ruth Cooper; Aiv na Lee Tucker; the unknown heirs of Lillie White, deceased; and the inkiiown husbands and wives of the heirs o( the said Lillie White, de ceased, are warned to appear in the Chancery Court for the Chickasawba District of Mississippi Coun ty. Arkansas, within thirty days after the date hereof, to answer complaint filed against them bj Blytheville Federal Savings and Loan Association. Dated this 3rd day of March 1955. SEAL GERALDINE LISTON. Clerk By OPAL DOYLE. D. C Marcus Evrarct, Atty. for Pitt. Jesse Taylor, Atty. Ad. Litem. 3/4-11-18-25 Pie fillings will be thicker when cooked over direct heat than when a double-boiler is used. It Will Be LATE To Obtain ALL RISK Federal Crop Insurance After April 10th Do It Now PROTECT YOUR INVESTMENT. YOU WILL STILL BE ABLE, HOWEVER, TO BUY HAIL-STORM & FIRE CROP INSURANCE, ON YOUR GROWING CROPS AFTER APRIL 10th. See or Call A. F. "Off" DIETRICH, Agent FEDERAL CROP INSURANCE CORPORATION (U. S. Department of Agriculture) and UNITED INSURANCE AGENCY ALL FORMS OF INSURANCE Call Blytheville, I'Oplnr 3-6812 Phone PO 3-6258 For the BEST in Cottonseed Delinking Service We guarantee (lelinting t( Your specifications. Seed treated with the proper chemicals for better stands. Fast, economical service. We also sell pure cottonseed in many varieties. Equipped with the most modern seed cleaning facilities available. Blytheville Delinting Corp. Ph. 3-6258 S. Hlwny 61 Acre's—1955. point.3 out that on ini-. For crop production, major con- mediate adjustment problem is se-1 siderations are listed for soybeans lecting enterprises of crops or live- Maloch Says stock that can be sold at a profit. Controls on other basic crops i nake the problem more difficult lecause farmers throughout the' lation will have land for ne« uses. In the past relatively little' of this acreage was utilized for soil building practices alone. The specialists say that experience has shown that very little of the land can be planted to truck crops without pushing prices below the point of profitable returns Similarly, only a few producers cai .urn to seed production. ; The only other group of alterna-; tives is feed production and oil seed | crops, according to the specialists. I This was the route selected by most Arkansas farmers last year. They say to dispose of such enormous feed potential would require either (1) grain feeding a lot more livestock and poultry or i2) the ^ exportation of large quantities of i feed grains, | Types of livestock enterprises are ; based on the kind and amount of i feed a farmer will have. For in-1 stance, if he is high on grains and j low on pasture or hay the special- j ists recommend a sow and litter fed | out to market, and dry lot feeding j of calves, yearlings or two-year- j old steers. i ^ , 0 sorgnums. lespedeza, alfalfa, silage, and truck crops. 1,000 Soil Samples Approximately 1.000 soil samples have been processed by both laboratories (total) during the month of February. Results are being- mailed within seven days of sample arrival on the average. Samples which are still wet on arrival, or samples requiring fruit and truck crop recommendations, may take up to 14 days for returns. Many results are being returned within five days. There are no "backlogs" of samples or recommendations at either 1 laboratory. Consequently, farmers should be encouraged to continue sending in samples through March and April for this coming spring-planted crops, rather than assuming that results will be "too late" for plant- ng time as has happened In past years. Treat Soybean Seed According to Arkansas State Plant Board reports, soybean seed quality and germination is mucn lower this year than usual, with •crmination averaging around 10 per' cent. Seedlings have a tendency to be somewhat weaker. Low quality soybeans also have a tendency to de- cUne in germination with age. In view of this. 1955 tests on low quality seed may be more reliable than those made soor. after harvest last fall. Seed treatment with a good fun gicide should be a must this year. ; This is especially true where soy- j beans are planted early, on damp soils, or on soils where soybeans were grown last year. Weak seedlings are more apt to be killed by seed and soil borne organisms wen favored by poor soil conditions and unfavorable weather conditions. Treating the seed with a good fungicide such as Arasan, Arasan By D. V. MALOCH Mississippi County Agent SF, or Spergon Is strongly recom- Plant To Prosper Plant "THE BELT'S BEST COTTON" DELTAPINE 15 & D & PL FOX Ark. Cert. Deltapine 15 Ark. Cert. D & PL Fox Non-Cert. Deltapine 15. . (Was subject tn rerlifiralion) Non-Cert. D & PL Fox ... $145 per ton $150 per ton $125 per ton $130 per ton Also Ogden & Dor man Soybeans (Breeders, Certified, Non-Certified) THE PAUL D. FOSTER CO. N. Highway 61 Ph- PO 3-3418 Office i Slocks in Blytheville Warehouse Bulldins 1955 U. S. ROYAL FARM LINE New Features • New Value -New Performance! Recapping & Repair Truck-Tracror-Passenger Tires Fully Guaranteed — I''nsl Service BURNETTS ROYAL TIRE SERVICE S. Highway 61 mended. Seed may be treated now to avoid the r,ush season later on. For best results, soybean seed should also be inoculated, especially for land where soybeans are to be grown for the first time. The inoculant should be added to the seed just before planting. Always apply the inoculant after treatment with a fungicide which is relatively safe for the inoculant. Then plant in a moist soil within a couple of hours after inoculating. Planting Rates for Soybeans The recommended seeding, rate for soybeans is usually exceeded by most Mississippi County farmers. The heavy seeding rate is followed to offset a number of factors —such as early planting, poor seed bed preparation, low germinating seed and some people just like to have a very thick stand which may help hold back other vegetation. The experiment stations have found that 45 pounds of good high germinating seed, when planted the last of April or first half of May. will make as high a 1 yield as any other rates of planting'. For years your county ageui. ha» recommended one bushel of soybean seed per acre for seed that will germinate 81) per cent or bet- If soybean seed will not germinate above 15 per cent, it usually piivs to buy new seed. To more rapidly expand the registered Lee soybeans, with 90 per cent germination from the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, growers of these seeds should plant only 'h bushels per acre. Trend I" Broader Point of View <\s a whole, farmers who have becil by the county agent's office this spring have been interested in fitting their cropping plans into a farm management plan that would increase employment and produce a dependable income over a long period of time. This trend is a very good one and yonr county agent loves to aid with this type program. 1955 Price Supports Price supports that are of special interest to Mississippi County farmers which have been recently announced (national average) are: 1954 1955 Oats — bushel Barley — bushel 15 .. 1.15 Christopher Columbus is buriefl in the cathedral at Ciudad Trujillo, capital of the Dominican Republic. Ph. 3-8662 South Pemiscot Oil Co. ANNOUNCES the opening of its new Anhydrous Ammonia Plant Now In Operation Located at site of PHILLIPS 66 BULK PLANT Steele, Missouri When soil locks Nitrogen, crops an disappointing. That's why you need Phillips 66 Agricultural Ammonia. This 82% Nitrogen fertilizer produces rapid tarly growth for bitter grazing, larger crop production! Apply hi directly to soil with tractor equipment, or meter it into irrigation water. See m for full informa- tion on Phillips 66 Agricultural Ammonia. —Also dealer for applicators— SOUTH PEMISCOT OIL CO. Ph. 117 —STEELE, MO.— Ph. 273 —Serving S.E. Missouri & Surrounding Territory— FUEL OIL G. 0. POETZ OIL CO. A | Sell That Stuff" Phone 2-2089 Visit Conny's Conoco Service, Ash & Division RUSTIC INN Is Now Offering CURB SERVICE Drive Out For A Snack Or Full Meal !/z doz. Fried Jumbo Fanlail Shrimp ......... $1.00 Vi doz. Extra Select Fried Oysters ............ $1.00 Chicken 'N the Basket ....................... $1 .25 Special Daily Luncheons ____ 85c Real Pit Bar-B-Q Pig Double Thick Malted Milk Walnut & Division . ..... 35c \ . ' . ' 3 0c p|,_ 2-2202 BESTWAY CLEANERS Invite* you to viiit their NEW LOCATION Phont 2-2408 2012 W. Mali. Now Equipped to Serve You Better

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