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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF,MOBTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 2 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Daily Newi Blythevllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 23, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Signs Indicate House Tax Cut Fight Doomed By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) — A House-Senate Conference Committee failed to reach agreement today on a personal income tax cut voted by the House but defeated by the Senate. Rep. Cooper (D-Tenn), chairman of the conference committee,, said the conflict was discussed for an hour at the first committee session but "w<! were unable to agree." Cooper said the committee will meet again Friday. All indications are the drive by House Democrats to cut everybody's income taxes next year is doomed. Cooper said Ihe conferees discussed "the whole proposition" for an hour. He declined to say whether any compromise moves were offered, or whether he plans to suggest a compromise Friday. As for any strategy by House IN ATOMIC TESTS — Second Lt. Russell Phillips, Jr., son of lAt. and Mrs. Russell Phillips nl Blytheville, is a member of the Third Marine Corps' provisional atomic exercise brigade which participated in atomic attack problems near Las Vegas. Lieutenant Phillips is a Marine Corps pilot. (Marine Corps J'holo) * * * Underground A-Blast Ready It'll Be First In U.S. Since 1951 Explosion Democrats, he said, "we will post no signboard notices now." In the House, Democrats pushed through, by a 210-205 vote, their plan to give a $20 annual tax cut to each taxpayer and each dependent, starting Jan. 1. They tied this to an Eisenhower administration bill to continue corporation and excise tax rates for one more year. Under present law these rates would drop by three billion dollars a year on April 1— just eight days away. The Senate defeated the $2Q-a- pcrson tax cut by a 61-32 vote. Then it passed the extension of corporate and excise tax rates, as strongly urged by President Eisenhower. Little Hope Left Highly placed House Democrats said they had little or n o hope of, getting Senate members of the conference committee, or the Senate itself, to change their stand against a tax cut. Thus, they conceded privately, they eventually will have to yield and accept the Senate bill to avoid the threatened big revenue loss from lowered corporate and excise taxes. Repeal Planned The House, meanwhile prepared to consider a bill to repeal two provisions of the 1954 act which rewrote almost all federal tax laws. The provisions have been attacked by Democrats as a business "windfall" of one to five billion dollars. Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey has urged repeal conceding the provisions were a "serious mistake." But he contended the threatened revenue loss would be in millions rather than billions. One section of the law gives some business firms a tax deduction for certain estimated future expenses. Another permits lirms to defer payment of taxes on income earned .in one year for services to be performed in the future. Cose Worker Report Listed By Auxiliary Not included in the yearly report of Blytheville's Junior Auxiliary was the work of its case worker, Mrs. Freeman Robinson. Blytheville is the onlv member of the LAS VEGAS, Nev. Wi - Army | NaUon:ll As . socia tion of Junior Aux- technicians early today readied Uiaries whlch has a trained case the first underground atomic blast | wor j. cr detonated 'in the United States since 1951. It was the first time since Atomic Energy Commission tests began that military personnel assembled and emplaced an atomic device. As usual with Ihe Nevada tests, unfavorable weather could cause a postponement. No maneuvers were scheduled, although 280 armed forces observers were on hand to witness the test from five miles away. Seventh in Scries The AEC said that Army engineers and ordinance experts would assemble and cmplace the device under the supervision of AEC technicians, Yesterday's explosion, .sixth in the current test series, caused a flash seen in Los Angelc.s. San Francisco and Phoenix and sent a thin, white streamer of radioactive cloud drifting slowly over Lns Vegas at -50,000 feet. The AEC said the total measurement of radiation received by Ln.s Vegas, 75 miles away, was 17-1 milliroentyens. It was termed "harmless" by AEC technicians, and business In the city went on as usual. In May 1IJ53. 2,500 milliroentgcns —or 2.5 roenlgens—1'cll on St. George, Utah. Townspeople were ordered to stay indoors several i visiting here, has received Argen- hours. I turn's Order ol Naval Merit, Mrs. Robinson's duties include home visits to all the children who receive milk through the Junior Auxiliary milk program, to all those who have failed its visual screening tests and to the parents of the children enrolled in Lange Exceptional School. The case worker also makes personal calls on all of the families who apply for assistance to the Junior Auxiliary because their particular problems do not fall under the care of other welfare organizations. During the past year, she has made arrangements for medcal care and hospitalization for six children and has provided food and clothing for four families. A. total of $130.00 has been spent by this department. Ex-President Bill WASHINGTON i/P) — A bill has been introduced in the Senate to pay former presidents S25.COO yearly pensions and provide them with office space, clerical help and mailing privileges. * Thomas Is Honored BUENOS AIRES (>Pf—U.S. Secretary of Navy Charles S. Thomas, A-Tests May Cause Genetic Trouble, Physicist Warns LONDON (in— A British physicist sold today that if nuclear weapon tests continue fit Ihe present rate "there Is a probable risk ot running Into genetic trouble." Prof. Joseph Rolblnl, who once worked at the American Los Alamos atomic station ,nlso said a full-scale nuclear war would have disastrous genetic results even for residents of neutral countries. Botblat Is professor of physics nl the University of London and physicist nt St. Bartholmcw's Hospital here. Writing In the current issue ol Ihe Atomic Scientists' Journal Rot- blat said It probably would be safe to double the present natural radiation "but It would be rather risky, to assume that any higher activity Is safe." Explosion of 76 hydrogen-uranium bombs Ht arbitrary Intervals every 30 years would double the natural .radiation, he said. 'Rouub as this estimate may be," Rotblat added "it certainly shows thai we are sailing much closer lo the wind than many of us thoufiht." Britain, the United States and Russia have nuclear weapons. The number and frequency of Soviet test blasts have not been published. Rotblat said no one can see an escape from the genetic effect of nuclear explosions. He said it Is made "even more horrible by Ihe fact that it is not observed Immediately, although it may spell r. disastrous result for the, entire human species .some hundreds of years hence." Rotblat said the hydrogen-uranium bomb may be "a kind of cobalt bomb," and In "In some respects It is even worse." He did elaborate, Yalta Papers Release Gained Nothing—Ike No Big 4 Talks Until Paris Pacts Are Ratified, President Asserts By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower, commenting on publication of the Yalta papers, said today there is nothing to be gained by going back ten years to try to show whether someone may have been wrong. The President told a news conference he personally never questions any man's motives. That was in reply to a question as to whether he believes the participants in the 1945 Yalta conference were sincere. Eisenhower was asked v.'hether+ ————-— • — — • • he believed publication of the Yal- j i j f* |ta documents by the State Dpart-| SeHOtOr KnOWlCmd SOyS! ORIENTATION MEETING — Pictured are some of the members of Blytheville Chamber of Commerce who attended the orientation meeting held in the Chamber's office this morning. Bach morninR some member of the Board of Directors presides over the meetings while Worth Holder, executive secretary of the chamber, presents a detailed discussion of the functions and purposes of the Blytheville Chamber of Commerce. Morning sessions are held every weekday and are scheduled to run until ai! of the 400 members have been invited to one of the sessions. So far the meetings have been averaging about 60% of the 25 persons invited to attend. (Courier News Photo) City Considers Purchase of New Fire Truck and Anthony Building In what probably will he a brief, but important session, City Council will sit tonight at 7:30 to consider purchase of a new fire truck and the possible purchase of the Anthony Building. Charred Bodies Taken From Plane Wreckage HONOLULU (AP)— Ground crews resume today the grim and hazardous task of removing charred bodies from the wreckage of a big Navy plane which slammed into a mountain- j mcni last week mitrhi "cramp the j | style" of ihe lender?, of nations at I any future big power conferences. The President replied that he hoped that would not occur. He went on to say that in time of war treaties between nations always have fallen. He said he earnestly believes that all documents sealing with such conferences should be published but that we s h o u. 1 d be exceedingly careful whenever the good faith of any of our allies is involved in the situation. Light of After Events It was then that Eisenhower added he feels there is nothing to be gained by going back 10 years, in what he called the light of after events, and showing that some one may have been wrorg or ri^ht. The Yalta conference of Presi- . dent Roosevelt, Premier Stalin and + Both steps, if taken, would be in i p rime . Minister Churchill in 1945 the direction of improving Blythe- j has j 0n? been the target of Repub- vilLe fire-fighting facilities. [ ncan criticism in Congress. The aerial (ladder) truck is in line with recommendations handed Big Four Conference May Split US, Ailies WASHINGTON (AP)— Sen. Knowland R-Calif. said today United States faces "the great danger of being isolated by appeasement-minded allies" at any big power conference to end the cold war. The Senate Republican leader have demonstrated this by their side yesterday, killing all 66 persons aboard. The remains of 21 victims were brought down the almost perpendicular slopes of the Waianae Range by nightfall yesterday. Operations halted then because of the Senators Discuss Cotton Acreage Cotton States Solons Seek to Iron Out Increase Differences WASHINGTON — Senators from cotton states met this morning to try to iron out their differences concerning the proposed increase in the national cotton acre- descent and heavy treacherous rains. The Navy R6D crashed about 15 miles northwest of Honolulu early yesterday in darkness and rain. The plane, operating under the Military Air Transport Service, was returning to Hickam Field after developing radio trouble on a flight to Travis Air Force Base, Calif. 66 Killed Nine crewmen and 57 passengers perished when the four-engine plane hit the bare face of Pali Kea peak, about 200 feet from the top. The passengers had boarded in Tokyo. The crew was changed in Honolulu. Col. Willis Bond, commander of the 150th Air Force Wing, said there was no known explanation for the tragedy. The pilot was eight miles off course, although visibility was g-ood—despite the heavy rain— age allotment. ! and the engines seemed to be func- Several hours of debate yester- j tionincr normally. day. resulted in what Sen. Stennis j Bond said (D-Miss) called confusion. He said there had been so many small huddles and conferences during the afternoon that no one knew who was committed to what. So the Senate postponed its decision until the dispute between southeastern states and western states is settled. Arkansas is included in the group referred to as western states. May Bring Defeat Stennis said he feared confusion might result in defeat of any proposal to boost the cotton acreage allotment. The dispute centers on two questions: How much the allotment should be increased and how the increase should be divided among the states. The Agriculture Department has set the 1955 allotment at 18.113,000 acres, compared with 21.379,000 last year. Many growers complained the cuts reduced their operation below an economical production. Amendment A bill before Ihe Senate would increase the present allotment about 258,000 acres. The bill is in the form of an amendment to legislation previously passed by the House to increase the allotment about ,543,000 acres. Also before the Senate is an amendment offered by Stennis and Sen. McClclInn (D-Ark) to increase the allotment about 271,000 acres. The House bill would give each state n three per cent increase in Its allotment with Instructions to use the increase first to give growers a minimum of five acres. The Senate bill, however, specifies that each small grower should get a minimum allotment of about four acres, thus giving each state an Increase of one half of one per cent in Its allotment. Nevada Gets Tax CARSON CITY, Nev. (/I 1 ) — Nevada's traditional status HS a "haven for the tax weary" came to an end yesterday. The Legislature approved the stale's first retail sales tax, a 2 per cent levy. Geisha Girls Quit KANAZAWA, Japan (/Vi—For the first time In 300 years this city has no geisha glrte. All 160 of them quit yesterday. Taxes too high. ry inquiry would be held. Saw Peak Eyewitnesses indicated the pilot saw the 2.500-foot peak Just second:; before the crash. One said the pilot tried to bank away, "but it was too late." Authorities said it might be several days before all bodies are recovered. It take.s at least two men to bring each body down the rain-slick hillside. Among- 'the victims were three members of one family — a young Navy man, his wile and their 3- year-old daughter. Teleman l.C. Nathan Webb, of Louisville, Ky., was bringing his. family home after two years in Japan. down by the Arkansas Inspection and Rating Bureau, which has labeled Its purchase a necessity if the city is to retain Its present fire insurance rating. In two bids received and opened last night on the new truck, Amer- ican-LaPrance bid S40.455.40 and Peter Pirsch Co., bid $37,950. No Action Council took no action last night because a quorum wasn't present for the special session. City officials said Tom A. Little Realty has offered the Anthony Building to the city for S30.COO. If purchased, the -city intends to convert the office building into a central fire station. As such, it would house three trucks, a fire chief's office and sleeping and Rating accommodations for full-time firemen, who would form the skeleton force of the department under reorganization. Parking on Second Street, it ha been pointed out, would be curtail ed somewhat in the event this action was taken. Part of the additional space gained by vacating the present CiU Hall department would be USBL foi enlarging and improving the city jail, under plans now under consideration. These are the only two items of businpss =lated for review at tonight's meeting, Mayor E. R. Jac son stated. Some GOP lawmakers have contended that Roosevelt made unnecessary territorial concessions to the Russians. I Release of the Yalta documents has rekindled Ihe row between the Republicans and the Democrats. Today's news conference dealt almost exclusively with foreign affairs. Talks Must Wait Aside from Yalta, there was much discussion of the proposal by Sen. George (D-Ga), chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, that the President take the initiative in arranging as soon as practicable for a top level Big Four See IKE on Page 12 said he opposed the suggestion of Sen. George (D-Ga) for what Knowland called an "open end" conference. He defined that, as one in which no advance evidences of good faith would be required from the Soviets, Knowland said in an interview he fears any meeting in the near future would find the free world j allies badly .divided. "Some of our allies are appeasement minded," he said. "They One serviceman missed certain death because he didn't hear the loud-speaker ask passengers to board. Pvt. Robert A. Kemp, of Davenport, Iowa, was eating in the Hickam base Cafeteria when the call was made. "I didn't hear it, I didn't get the word," he said when he landed safely at Travis on another plane and heard of the crash. Utley's Son Administrator For Estate CABUTHERSVILLE — Hubert Utley's son, Roy S. Utlcy of Holland was appointed administrator of the ambushed whiskey store owner's estate yesterday, according to Probate Judge N. C. Hawkins. Hawkins also said a will had not bccu found, but there might be one in the dead man's safely deposit box In a Blythevllle bank. Mrs. Pauline Utley of Memphis, wife of the dead man, was not appointed administrator because she does not live in Mwsourl, Judge Hawkins said. The son has 30 days to open the safety deposit box and file an inventory of the estate. It will lake a year under state law for all debts to be paid before the remainder of the estate ban be divided among the hell's. Witnesses appointed by the Pro- bale Court to be present when the deposit box is opened are Byron Holly, Holland; Herb Ballentlnc, Stccie; and Paul German, Steele. River Claims Keiser Infant Father of Wafers Shows No Signs Of Letting Up High water, which has inundated much of the lowland in Southern Arkansas and in Mississippi and | has brought the Mississippi River its suggestions that Quemoy and Matsu be turned over to the Chinese Communists as part of th» price for a cease-fire in the Formosa area. "Face Isolation" "We would face the great danger of being isolated by these appeasement-minded Allies in any conference. While fighting for our principles we might be presented to the world as the one nation standing in the way of a settlement, even though it was one of appeasement. "There Is no evidence the Russians would use any high level conference other than for propaganda and procrastination. They certainly have not indicated in any past conferences they are willing to act with any sincerity." Sen. George, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, has called for a Big Four conference of heads of state, perhaps this year. He attached only one condition — prior approval of the West European defense setup Including Blytheviile Man Held on Charge Of Swindling Hays Hew Head on 31,500 bond after being charged! x-t / M I ,J, L-,., ',ll~ with swindling a blind man. ilif D/V tf?GV/l/8 County Atty. Pelham McMurry I / School Board highest point in several \ears, was responsible for the death yesterday of a nine-month- old Keiser infant. Frank R. Brown, son of M Sgt. and Mrs. Marsham C. Brown of Keiser, drowned yesterday when is parents' car was swept from a water-covered highway near Corinth, Miss. Swift currents across Highway 72 12 mile? west of Corinrh forced the cnr from the road and wirlins Ha;chie River. ,mt's parents were able to save themselves by hanging onto branches of trees beside the road. It icing Steadily The Mississippi River in the area of Mississippi County, rising stead- ly during the past several weeks. s reportedly out of its bank? south f Thr Barfiold land me and has washed over the riverisde road to Tomato at one point. The southwest route to Tomato is still open. The river, which is near the top oi its bank at Barfield, slill has not reached its expected crest. ity Atty. identified the Blythflville man as Smith -Johnson. McMurry said the blind man also was an Arkansan, Claude Rush of El Dorado. McMurry quoted Rush as saying he had made an agreement with Johnson to take $4.000 in counterfeit money for $1,000. Rush was quoted as saying, however, that when he turned over his $1.000 at Paducah, Johnson did not give him the $4,000 in counterfeit money. Russell Hays was elected presi- McBride Gets Seven Years dent of the Blytheville School j Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS: Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon; partly cloudy tonight. Thursday, mostly cloudy and cold Thursday afternoon. High this afternoon near 60. Low umlght in the upper 30s. MISSOURI — Cold wave warning northwest; cold wave northwest this afternoon and tonight and turning much colder remainder of west and north tonight: partly cloudy north and west and becoming cloudy southeast this afternoon and tonight; Thursday partly cloudy north and west and becoming cloudy southeast this afternoon and tonight; Thursday partly cloudy to cloudy and quite cold; low tonight 15-20 northwest to 30 southeast; high Thursday 25-30 northwest to ihe 30s southeast. Maximum yesterday—-18. Minimum this morning—10, Sunrise tomorrow—5:50. » Sunset today—6:14. Mean temperature—44. 1'rcclpltntlon last 24 hours to 7 p.m. — nontt. Precipitation Jnn 1 io (Into—12.02. Tills Date Last Year Maximum yesterdny—SO. I^lnlmum this morning—42. Precipitation Jummry 1 to date — 12.S8. meeting of the group j In the first case tried in Circuit Court yesterday in Osceola Eugene McBride, Osceola Negro, was found guilty on a charge of illegally en- ter.ine.an Osceola residence. McBride was sentenced to seven years in the slate penitentiary by Circuit Judge H. G, Part-low. Board at a last night. The meeting was primarily for reorganization of the board since last Saturday's school election. Mr. Hnys replaced W. Paul Pryor as president of the board. Mr. Pryor was defeated in a bid for re-election by William H. Wyatt. who assumed his new position last night. Other officers elected last night were R. A. Nelson, vice president: Alvin Huffman, Jr., secretary; and Clarence L. Moore, assistant secretary. The board hopes to take some definite action on the approved building, program in the near future, it was reported. Bryce Grant Wins Board Post Another successful write-in candidate from Saturday's school elections in Mississippi County was reported to the Courier News yesterday. Bryce Grant of Lost Cane received 29 write-In votes In defeating incumbent E. M. Bourland, unopposed on the Brinkley ballot, who polled 21 votes, It was reported, Jesse Taylor, chnlrmfin of the Mississippi County Election Commission, said todny two districts In the county still had not been turned in for certification. He has had difficulty in rounding up complete and official returns of the election, he said. rearmed Germany. , Knowland, emerging from a White House meeting yesterday, said that is not the position of the Eisenhower administration. He said It will continue to insist on some evidence of Communist sincerity as a prelude to such a meeting. Confusion A later succession of statements from the White House and State Department left considerable confusion as to just how close George into the ]and the administration are. Tne in-i Georze. .indicating he was sticking' to his views, commented that the officials would have to "reconcile their statements." Son. Humphrey iD-Mmm said George "has broken the logjam" with his Big Four idea, "putting our nation on a psychological offensive." Sen. Barkley iD-Ky.t said he felt thai at such a conference "the worst that could happen would be failure," and he added: "These continuous grimaces between the East and West, the mafc- inc of faces at each other across ihe world, arc not contributing to peace. The world's leaders have sat down in the past and brought about some constructive results." Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) said he was opposed to any "town meeting." More Groundwork "We should have evidences of good faith in advance and there should be an agreed agenda before any high level conference is held," he declared. Senators Mansfield (D-Mont) and Fulbrisht, i D-Ark) stressed what See BIG FOUR on Page 12 t-mif-"'!*!?!*!* /-..,'•• « ,— w^my™. Mediations for LENT By DR. J. CARTER SWAIM Depl. of English Bible, National Council of Churches Written for NBA Service Jesus, in the Sermon on the Mount, sets on incredibly high goal lor human hie. "You, therefore, must he perfect," He says (Matthew 5:48. RSV), "as your heavenly Father is perfect." Since man is made in God's image, nothing loss than the Divine standard will do as the measure of man's character. The word here translated "perfect" means well-rounded and complete. Man is to look upon people as God does, with a wise and active desire for their well-being. He is to be "all Inclusive In MB good will." The people we most admire are those consciously striving toward such a goal. Significant commentary on this passage Is provided by a recent happening in the literary world. A few weeks ago, William Faulkner won the National Book Award, his work, "A Fable." having been judged the best of last year's fiction. Faulkner was once asked to name the five best contemporary writers. It Is Interesting that hs rated himself second. Ernest Hemingway fifth. The reason he put Hemingway last he explained, was that his aim had never been high enough. It is part ol Faulkner's philosophy that "even failure Is worth while and admirable, provided only that thr (allure Is iplendld enough, Ihe dream splendid enough, unattainable enough yel forever valuable enough, since It was of perfection." Hemlniiw»y'i Uull, thought Faulkner, lay Just here: "he stayed within wlUt he buw. Ht did It fine, but he didn't try lor the Impossible."