The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on January 17, 1919 · 7
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 7

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Friday, January 17, 1919
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i THE BOSTON GLOBE-FIUDAY, JANUARY 17, 1919 Annua! CannedQoodsSalsv rinat Wek-nniit Vegetable!, Fruit, Flih. Etc- at L,wi PrCi, SHELLSHOCK PROBLEM 'PAST 5 f - - .. Dr Williams Also Tells of Defectives iWnd in Army BODY FOUND IN TANK RUINS, .MORE SOUGHT Continued FVom tbe Firnt Pare. , f rrr H O I F ormoto Oolong, Eng. I ' fMt Gfn n BICk Orange Pakoo Ceylon Tea, Soffee 3i5? Lb. 29 Gulden Bon' Rich Stand Old Coffee Campbells Soups, Can 10c Lion Coni). Milkaoo Can 1 7c Wheaiena . Phg. 15c Keeker's Buckwheats 15c Flour! Other Brandt ! is Bag 75c-i Bag 1 .50 DAPfllJ Sugar Cured, Westphalia Style. Eitra Quality. 1 1, A UAuUll Machine Sllcad Lb. 53c. In 4-5 Lb. Strips LD. 4ZFC 34c riut-ola ASM0UR'. FINEST NUT M AMARINE Bay ft. try ft. A dainty iproad far your Daily Braad. Da Yolir B't on Food Conaer. atlas FREE MOST City Btawa Qtick Dalltrary 7Ae United Itrtei Food AdmnUtntlan Also 57 Suburban Stores Selling h'ENEY RENEWS HIS ATTACK ON MANN Says Fitzgerald Opposed a Investigation of Packers WASHINGTON, J,tn lfi-Rpsuming his tftlmony before the Henate Agricultural Committee, Francis J. Heney toddy road numerous letters describing the f,ai kers' efforts to prevent the pas-a.igc In the House of the Horland reso-1 lion providing for an investigation of the pueklng industry. Virtually all the httfi'a were taken by the witness from tudlmony presented to the Federal Trade (ommiHslon, lri connection with its recent Investigation. One letter which the witness said was limed by It. McManus, attorney for rmniir & l.'o, was a report on the dios-KitHof action on th norland resolution bv the House commit if". It said: "We inn relv on Webb. Carlin, Thomas. Tag gait. Tago. Williams. Wha-Ifv. bailev, t'mrawav of Arkansas and l'er. ... We are also sure that t.srd of Ohio ran lie controlled. "la tuHhe to Mr Hurd. .Mr Henev laid. "Ill wav he was not controlled. Mr Henev renewed his attack on Ken-bsentatlve .Mann of Illinois, lie read ftutmientH made In the House bv Mr wnn opposing an Investigation of the be hers by the Federal Trade Oomrrtis-l.n. "Representative Fitzgerald, leader of Uetiemoeiats was i j -1 us eetive in on-poslng this Investigation as was Mr Jeinti." Mr llenev declared. He said the commission has sent all its midenre to the Deportment of Jus-ti and that some work was being dine on it. Mr Henev rend a letter sent to President Wilson by Edward N. Hurley, hl!e chairman of the Federal Trade fimmlssinn, not opposing an investigation of the packers, but suggesting that It one was to be made it should be conducted by some other agency than the commission. These recommendations made by Mr Hurley, Mr lleney dot wired, followed out one of the recommendations made by the packers attorneys in attempting to prevent ail ImeMigation. In a ietter nated Jan IS. 1917, Chairman llurlev said it was indicated that the Invest gation was aimed at the present price. Mr Hui ley suggested the appointment S' m departmental committee which soukl invite various interests to appear friendly way and make their sug-Intions. " DENIES BIG FIVE CONTROLS OMAHA LIVESTOCK MARKET WASHINGTON. Jan It) Denial that f I packers control the livestock market !' viinah.i. Nib, was made today by rverett Huckingham. general manager ; stockyards there, appearing be-,nr the House Intel state Commerce jnmniiltte at hearings on the Adminis-'Mtinn hill for Government acquisition v cerlnin facilities of the meat industry , rntrol of packing houses through hlensmg system. Our ya-ds are open to all. Mr Buck- nam said, and I believe that the mgr number of Indep-ndent companies ummodated there shows that the big r does not control our yards. i, fd'frd that several valuable sites thp yaids had been sold to inde-Uny 1 My the stockyards com- Ho bS CEEAMERIBS Fancy Creamery iOTTEK uf CHEESE Full Cream ib. 34c fed Milk ci 16c Corn 'Kr can i c String Beans Can" 1 5C 'Sy. Salmon steak 18c Peanut Butter Lb. 21c Bd Coffee Lb. 37c tomatoes can i9ic J-OOK FOR THE COW HEAP SIGN "?rxn A"i enter, I8 Bowdoln St.. 17 Dudley St.. 10M Blue Hill Ave.l , Ae.. 1041 (ulMi Smith ltukton, 403 Broadna: Cambridge. S9 j. Everett C t1 ht.s Brook line. 71 llr rd St. : Chelx. Jwreac. 1&5 tLi1'" Bouton, 14 Central Square: Malden. Pleasant Salem. 466 Essex St.; I.ynn. 34 M unroe St. 8 o B Break - I M d 60e- OorPiieoPorLb. Othor Storoi Chargt 45' 60c. Vaiuo Elsewhere, Lb. 49c Ccflce Other Storos Charge 45c John Aldan Coffee Perfection Lb. 37 P&G Naptha Soap 4 Bars 25c Gorton Pew's HXt S;V. 27c Pea Beans lb. 1 2c Catsup Vs Cisip'i Ft. Bot. 25c POINT IS MILES S ORDER lltrnu Nat. Olf7gt - oaadir. - Quite Complete Line as Advertised FINDS ALL 46 OF I. VSAW. GUILTY Convicted at Sacramento of Antiwar Conspiracy SACRAMENTO, Calif. Jan 16-All the 46 defendants in the I. W. V. conspiracy rase were found guilty bv a jury in the United States District Court here tonight. The verdict "guilty as charged was returned at 6 oclock after the Jury had been out since 4:35 oclock. Sentences wll be imposed tomorrow by Federal Judge Frank H. Rudkin of Spokane. The defendants were charged with conspiring to conduct a campaign of destruction in this State and elsewhere, to block the Governments war program. Miss Theodora Pollok, the only woman defendant, was apparently unmoved by the verdict which was smilingly received by the others. The 43 defendants, who Joined in a silent protest and were not represented by counsel, sang In Union There is Strength to the tune of the Battle Hymn of the Republic as they filed from the courtroom. Prison terms ranging from two to 20 years may be imposed, it was said. Miss Pollok, Basile Safforeh and A. L. Fox, all of San Francisco, were represented by attorneys at the trial, which began a month ago. A Bcore of officials who assisted in raids on I. W. W. headquarters testified to the defendants nc tivity in obstructing war work, hindering enforcement of - war-time laws and ppeklng to create a reign of terror by sabotage. MAYOR PETERS URGES HELP FOR EX-SOLDIERS A So3ial Service Conference last evening, at Harvard University, was attended by about 100 students. It will be a breach of faith on the part of the United States if all blind, crippled or disfigured returning soldiers are not adequately provided for, said Mayor Peters. He declared that Boston wili do her share in taking care of the wounded and providing employment for those unable to follow their original trades. He suggested opening some college building or clubhouse in Cambridge and giving it an atmosphere of hospitality toward men who have worn the uniform. Other speakers were Charles F. Ernst, '68, of the South Bay Social Union; W. W. McLeod, 19, captain of last years varsity baseball team and lieutenant in the Aviation Service, and E. B. Schwulst, 19, secretary of the social service committee of Phillips Brooks House. SENATOR FRANCE ASSAILS USE OF WAR POWER IN PEACE WASHINGTON. Jan 16 Criticism of the exercise by the Government of its war powers In peace times, particularly the operation of railroads, telephones, telegraphs and cables, was made in the Senate today by Senator France of Maryland. Republican. He also assailed the Espionage act, declaring that the Government has attempted to do the thinking for Its people. Peas-raST Can 19c Nutneld Cocoa 1c.nb' 1 6c Red Seal Tea Lb. 55c STmte fancy Fresh Doz.77c L&o Selected Storage Dcz. 52c At the annual conference of the Massachusetts Society for Mental Hygiene, held In Lorimer Hall, Tremont Temple, yesterday afternoon. Judge Frederick P. Cabot presiding, MaJ Frankwood E. Williams, Medical Corps, U. S. A., spoke on the need and opportunity for mental hygiene as shown by the war. He outlined charts on some very interesting figures. For instance, 56,300 men were excluded from all American camps because of unfitness to serve on account of physical and mental defects, or about 1.6 percent of the whole Army. Of this the largest percent of exclusion In New England was from Maine with its 1.3 percent; Rhode Island. 1.6 percent; Massachusetts. 1.4 percent; Connecticut, 1 4 percent; Vermont. 1.2 percent and New Hampshire, 1.2 percent. There were 18.000 excluded for metal defects, or 33 percent of the exclusions from the whole Army. Of these exclusions 33 percent were from New England, or, divided among the States, Massachusetts. 29 percent; Connecticut, 29 percent; Maine, 53 percent: Rhode Island, 31 percent; New Hampshire, 23 percent, and Vermont. 38 percent. Exclusion Percentages Of the total exclusions from service, 15 percent werei for nervous defects; 17 percent being found in New England and of those 18 percent were from Massachusetts. Of the exclusions. 10 percent were for epilepsy, and of this number 11 percent were from New England, Masachusetts coming forward with 11 percent of that. The exclusions for alcoholism, acute and chronic, 3.3 percent of the whole. New England had 7 percent and Massachusetts 9 percent; Connecticut 6 percent: Rhode Island 7 percent, and Maine 3 percent. The dreg habit caused an exclusion of 3 percent of the whole. In New England there were 3 percent, 3 percent In Massachusetts and 5.5 percent In Rnode Island. For social disease, 3 percent in the whole country. New England 2 percent and in Indiana 8 percent, the highest in any State. The exclusions for St Vitus dance were less than 1 percent. Of the total exclusions, 64 percent were made after two weeks in camp, while the rest dragged along, going out from time to time. In other words, 64 percent showed their unfitness inside two weeks, while the remainder stuck it out from four weeks to a year. In Massachusetts the greatest percent of exclusions was from Middlesex County, while for feeble-mir.dedness Essex County got the record. Shell Shock Problem Past Shell shock has not, he said, been a serious problem in the Army. Of the 7500 victims in the hospitals just back of St Mihel and Argonne Forest fighting line 65 percent were returned to active duty in three days and only 1 percent were returned to the United States. Less than 1 percent of shell shock victims have been concussed by anything and 99 percent of the trouble is purely psychological, the result of exhaustion, etc. There have been thousands of cases in training camps. Shell shock Is a form of hysteria. There is nothing dishonorable about it. Some of its victims become blind, mute, lose their memory or are paralyzed. They suffer from terrible battle dreams, some times repeating the dream four or five times during a single night. Among the officers shell shock often results In a trembling, great mental depression, extreme agitation and neuras-tnenia. The victim cannot eat, his rest at night is broken by awful dreams, colored bv the war. He is afraid he will be afraid. The cure comes from rest, nourishing food and explanations for the condition. Of the 7500 in France suffering in the beginning from shell shook, there are about 300 now left and it is expected that the most of these will be cured by the time they return to this country. So the United States has no shell shock problem on its hands. Dr H. Douglas Singer. State alienist of Illinois, spoke on the need for instruction in mental hygiene in medical, law and theological schools. Pres W. A. Neilson of Smith College, described the Smith College experiment with the training of mental hygiene aids. Disorders of Children Pres1 William H. Burnham presided at the evening session, which was largely attended. The speakers were Dr Arnold Gesell of Tale University, Dr Walter F. Dearborn of Harvard and Dr C. Macfle Campbell of Johns Hopkins University. Prof Campbell, in speaking on nervous children and their training, stated that nervous disorders of children are usually not to be explained by any disease of an individual organ, but by a special sensitiveness of the whole child or by an inability to deal healthily with some difficult situation. He said that symptoms often become quite intelligible when we realize that the child has had some depressing experience or some personal worry, or that he is not able to support the usual stress and strain of school and playground. It is not enough. he said, to give the child good food; we must develop good habits with regard to the food. Headache, bad dreams, St Vitus dance, morbid fears, habitual spasms and bad sex habits may require Investigation. A nervous child demands a thorough personal analysis as well as a physical examination. To train the nervous child one requires the cooperation of physician, teacher and parent. The social worker and the school nurse are invaluable aids in making the hospital and school advice efficient in the home. EVERETT COMMITTEE ON AMERICANIZATION NAMED EVERETT, Jan 16-Fulfilling the intention as expressed in his inaugural address on Jan 6, Mayor William E. Weeks today announced the appointment of a committee of citizens on Americanization to consider the problem of more completely Americanizing the foreign born population. The commission will consist of Mayor Weeks, United States Atty Thomas J. Poynton tan ex-Mayor). Representative Fred P. Greenwood, Senator James F. Cavanagh, Joseph Larson,, John G. Blount, Daniel OGrady, Ex-Mayor Charles C. Nichols, Mrs A. J. Hughes, w ife of the pastor of the First Baptist Church; Mrs George A. Brown, School Committeeman Elmer E. Spear, Supt of Svhools Fairfield Whitney, Councilman Max Zweigenbaum, Principal Wilbur J. Rockwood of Everett High School, Mrs Fi-ed F. Driscoll, and Mrs Earle A. Brooks, wife of the pastor of the First iTesbyterian Church. This commission will take up the movement inaugurated by Mayor Weeks last year for a civic program to bring the inhabitants of all nationalities together. It will submit a report to the City Government not later than March 1. TEXAS BREWERS ADVANCED $25,000 TO FARMERS UNION WASHINGTON. Jan 16 German propaganda was put aside today by the Senate Investigating Committee, which, turned its attention again to the-activities of brewing interests. -A. J. Arnold of Fort Worth. Tex, said the Texas branch of the National Farmers Union received $25,000 for 1914 to 1916 from Robert L. Autrey of the Texas Brewers Association, and between $10,-OoO and $15,000 from Edward Landsberg of Chicago.- Arnold said money advanced by Autrey was spent largely for plate matter sent out to newspapers. ARREST W. B. COOK ON QUINCY BREAK CHARGE QUINCY, Jan 16 Walter B. Cook of Batavia st, Boston, was arrested in court here, today, on complaint of Capt A. V. Goodhue on a charge of breaking and entering the Hancock Garage in this city, on the night of Oet IS. and the larceny therefrom of an automobile. It is claimed by the police that Cook broke & pane of glass and entered by a windowand that after selecting the car he wanted he left by the Adams-st door vt the garage. The case was continued till Jan 23. CHAS. DEIHL, EVERETT, DIES ON WAY TO HOSPITAL EVERETT, Jan 16 Charles Deihl, aged 68, of 41 Prescott st. West Everett, who died on the way to the hospital ; a the result of a sudden illness which seized him while at work on the United States Army base hospital in Boston, had been a resident of this city for a number of years. His wife was notified tonight by- the police of her husbands death . day forenoon, is also believed to be a victim. Shaughnessey is a teamster for Johnson & Co, truckers, of 198 Essex st, and was In the North Bnd district at the time of the disaster. His horse, covered with molasses, was found dead yesterday, near North End Park, and the wagon was found wrecked. No trace of the ypung man was found. Young Shaughnessey is widely known in South Boston, where he was born and educated, attending the Bigelow School. During the past year he was a chauffeur for D. W. Dunn, and it was only Wednesday morning that he went to work for Johnson. He is the son of Mr and Mrs Thomas Shaughnessey. Truck Horses Killed Clo.'.c to the wrecked fireboat headquarters yesterday the wreckage of a double truck was visible. The horses attached to the truck, the property of the Gulf Refining Company, probably were killed outright, but it Is hoped that the driver was at dinner when the catastrophe occurred. Nevertheless, in view of the fact that the carcass of a horse, presumably blown into the water from the city stables close to the scene of the explosion, was found floating In the North Ferry slip at East Boston yesterday, the harbor police are keeping a sharp watch on the waters that, it is feared, will reveal more victims of the disaster. In the meantime speculation continues as to the probable cause of the happening, although it is understood the majority of the experts who have been called into the case scout the idea that there was an explosion. Federal and city authorities are conducting vigorous investigations. The United States Industrial Alcohol Company, which owns the property, is likewise prosecuting a diligent search for the cause, but, unlike the National and city officials, the company openly asserts that there was no explosion; that the tank did not collapse because of structural weakness and declares that some outside influence, perhaps an explosion, or tampering, caused the base of the tank to weaken and allowed the 14,000 tons of molasses, some 2,300,000 gallons, to seep through, slowly at first, but later in great volume, and carry away the steel sides of the structure and hurl them with great force against the Elevated structure and buildings in the direct path. Federal Inspector Reports But in absolute opposition to the companys claims is the opinion of Daniel T. OConnell, United States Inspector of Explosives, who last night forwarded his xeport to Washington. In the opinion of Inspector OConnell, the tank, 50 feet high and fO feet in diameter at the base, collapsed because of some fermentation inside and because of weakness at the bottom of the structure. i He said he had examined the plates used in the construction of the tank and found that the holes were considerably larger than the rivets, permitting considerable loose play between rivets and holes. In combating the opinion of Inspector O Connell. Harry F. R. Dolan of Cambridge. attorney for the United States Industrial Alcohol Company, last night declared that the molasses experts of the company ridicule the idea of there being any fermentation in the stored fluid or of weakness in the structure. He said: "We know beyond question that the tank was not weak. We know that an examination was made of the outside i of the base of the structure a verv few minutes before its collapse. We knv or our experts feel satisfied, that there could have been no fermentation, be- ! cause the molasses was not of sufficient temperature to ferment. It has been erroneously reported that there were coils of steam pipes inside the tank to keep the molasses fluid in order that it could be drawn off. There were no colls of pipe inside the tank. Nedher was it necessary to alter the tempera-cure of the molasses, since it flowed by gravity from the larger tank into the smaller ones. If there had been any indication of weakness in the structure, it would have been apparent to the two men who examined it twice that day. Supt William White and another employe had looked over the outside Just before they departed for lunch. It is customary, at molasses tanks, to search for traces of leakage, or weeps, all over the outside. This leakage, or weakness, is generally termed seepage, and if there had been any evidence of such a condition when clupt White left at 11:55, less than an hour before the collapse, it surely would have been apparent to his trained eye. Fermentation Preposterous As regards fermentation, the idea Is preposterous. Nevertheless, experts will be asked to conduct chemical analytical tests to determine definitely whether there had been any fermentation. The company contends that there was no explosion from the inside, or structural weakness, but we do venture the opinion that something from the outside opened up the tank. Assistant Corporation Counsel George A. Flynn, who with Supt of Buildings Herbert A. Wilson and Commissioner of Public Works Thomas F. Sullivan, was delegated to investigate and make a report to the city, said last night that he was unprepared to make a definite report on the accident, and that because of the many ramifications it may be a day or two before he submits his report to the Mayor. Walter L. Wedger, State chemist and expert on explosives fo- the Massachusetts District Police, who nad been assigned to the case by Chief Plunkett of the State Police, declared last night that inasmuch as the District Police investigations are limited to affairs of the kind accompanied by fire, the department decided that the accident was not within its jurisdiction, since there was no evidence of fire. Mr Wedger. therefore, declined to discuss the natter, although he readily admitted that he had made an examination in conjunction with the city officials. While the Investigators, other than Federal Inspector OConnell, refuse to comment, it is understood that they generally lean to the belief that there was no explosion, and that the tank simply collapsed. The records of the Buildings De- artment of the city show that the rity Distilling Company of Cambridge applied for a permit to erect a molasses tank according to plans submitted by Charles H. Gannett. The plans dealt with the foundation only, however, and Mr Gannett did not design the steel structure, which was erected from plans furnished by the Hammond Steel Company of Pennsylvania by the Nawn Company. The Purity Distilling Company operated the plant from Jan 1, 1916, until Dec 31, 1917, when it and the United States Industrial Alcohol took over the operation of it. Doubt Explosion Theory The tank, resting on a solid cement base, was firmly riveted to the upright circular sides and reinforced bv steel frame trusses inside. At its base the tank was 9u feet in diameter and was 50 feet in height. Its capacity was 2,380.000 gallons, the molasses averaging about 11 80 pounds to the gallon. Last Sunday 650, OuO gallons had been pumped into the tank, bringing the molasses to a height of 48 feet 10 inches. The tank, in the past, has had 49 feet 10 inches of molasses stored inside, but te usual height is said to have been 35 feet 4 inches. The investigators yesterday learned that the wrecked tank was equipped with four manholes and a vent, and that the manholes were supplied with iron covers that fitted over lips and that they were not fastened on the underside. The fact that these covers had not been blown off, and that there was no smearing of molasses on the roof of the tank, convinced the investigators that there had been no explosion. They discovered an arc of the base of the tank xn the Comercial-st side where the rivets had pulled up through the bottom of the tani and a section of a steel collar had been pulled away. It was their opinion that when the rivets began pulling through they caused the sharp ripping or rumbling sounds, described oy so many prior to the collapse of the structure. The lack of evidence of an explosion or the expansion of the lower stratas of the molasses has led the investigators to beleve that the damage done to the Elevated structure on Commercial st was what would naturally be expected when a section of the steel tank weighing tons was .swept against the upright pillars, designed to sustain an enormous weight, but not intended to sustain a great lateral pressure. The collapse of the two houses across Commercial st, both wooden structures. is explained on the theory that when the -'.a of molasses flooded across the street with a rush, slapping against the stone wall of the Copps Hill section of North End Park to a height of 15 feet, the cellars were flooded and the receding tide of molasses carried the buildings off their foundations and caused them to collapse. The high water mark of the molasses is easily discernible upon the stone walls and steps of the park. Trunk Carried 100 Yards The great adhesive strength of the molasses was attested on every side yesterday. The flood of molasses, for instance, carried a trunk, believed to be the property of Martin Clougherty, whose mother was killed when her home collapsed, more than 100 yards toward the Charles River. The trunk was identified bv letters, and it also contained, according tef reports, five Liberty Bonds. It was taken to Station 1 to await identific-atidn. That much property will be salvaged from the river and harbor is the hope of the freight company and others. Yesterday the harbor police recovered much merchandise, including five rolls of cloth, five rolls of tar paper, IS boxes of oleomargarine, a bale of cotton, cheese cloth, a barrel of bottled ale, five gallons of floor dressing and tubs of butter and lard. ... j Great forces of men wallowed around in the sticky mass yesterday in an endeavor to clear away th debris. Last night scores of calcium lights made the work easier, and all day and all night firemen played streams of water upon the streets, the park, buildings, platforms and wreckage with a view to expediting the work. In Commercial st, loads of sand were spread over the pavements which had been partly washed of molasses, and today the city will direct that at least one fireboat direct powerful streams of salt water upon the mass of molasses, since it has been stated that salt water will cut the substance better than any other liquid. Many Had Close Calls Many tales of exciting escapes were i elated yesterday. One of the most fortunate men in the neighborhood was Supt William White of the molasses plant. Supt White left the establishment at noon in response to a telephone call from Mrs White, who insisted that her husband join her at an uptown store to look at a new dress she intended to buy and later join her at luncheon. According to an official of the United State Industrial Alcohol Company, Wednesdays accident was the first of its kind along the Atlantic seaboard. The accident was unique In the molasses industry, since there has never been an instance before of that style of tank, which is generally used, collapsing. All day yesterday and last night iron and steel workers were employed in melting the huge sections of the tank, that they might be more readily cleared away, and today it is expected that the work of searching the ruins and wreckage will be much easier than yesterday. The investigation as to the cause of the accident and the further search for victims will be resumed today. THOMAS F NOONAN LONG A RESIDENT OF CHARLESTOWN Thomas F. Noonan, who was killed in j the explosion of the molasses tank in j the North End Wednesday afternoon, 1 had lived in Charlestown IS years. He was born in Ireland and served in the .V i', :y .' a? -SSu U'S'W '"V' 'i2-v -X : THOMAS F. NOONAN British Army nearly 10 years. He was for seven years with the Army in India and he also took part in the Boer " ar. He was attached to the officers quarters during the latter part of his service in the British Army. , Ha came to Charlestown m ana since had worked along the waterfront as a longshoreman. He and his son, Carthage Noonan, were returning home from South Boston and when on Commercial st were caught in the flood of molasses and wreckage. They were taken to a hospital, where Mr Noonan died. His son is at the City Hospital suffering from injuries on his head and is believed to have a fracture of the skull. Mr Noonan was 44 years old, and besides his wife, Margaret, is survived by five sons, John, Carthage, Thomas, William and Joseph, and three daughters, Margaret, Mary and Rita Noonan. Arrangements have not yet been made for the funeral. CEREMONIES OF PEACE CONGRESS TOMORROW PARIS, Jan 16 The inauguration of the Peace Congress on' Saturday will be carried out with ceremonies befitting such an occasion. A detachment of troops will pay honors to the arriving delegates, and Stephen Pichon, the French Foreign Minister, will receive President Wilson at the head of the steps of the Foreign Ministry and accompany him to the room where the meeting will begin at 3 sharp. The plenipotentiaries will sit around a horseshoe table, the middle part of which will be reserved for officers. The delegations will be grouped by States in alphabetical order as they appear in the Almanach de Gotha. American delegates will be at one end. then those of the British Empire, Prance, Italy and Japan in the order named. After them will come representatives of the other States, also seated alphabetically. President Poincare will take the presidential armchair to make the opening address and will conclude by declaring the session open and will withdraw. Premier Clemenceau will take his place in the chair ind will request the assembly to elect officers, which, besides a president, will include vice presidents and a general secretary. Regulations for the congress will then be read. Formal invitations to attend the first sitting were sent out last night by the French delegation to Ambassadors and Ministers, asking the diplomats to transmit invitations immediately to the person or persons chosen to attend. The great Salle de la Pnix at the Foreign Office was prepared today for the first meeting of the congress, at which it is not expected that any of the large questions aside from those of organization and procedure will be considered. When the actual business sessions begin on Sunday or Monday, the conference, it is expected, wilt be ready to plunge into its real work the creation of the proposed League of Nation8 and the making of the preliminary peace. The British and American statesmen feel that once the work is under way. steady progress will be made. It seems probable that no Russians will be seated as representatives of their Nation, but they may be consulted from time to time. The America., view tnat food is the best ammunition against Bolshevism seems also to le that of the British, and a number of plans are being worked out to get food into Germany, and certainly to the war-ravaged new States of Southeastern Europe. DROP BILL FOR FEDERAL CONTROL OF WIRELESS WASHINGTON. Jan 16 By unanimous vote today the House Merchant Marine Committee decided to attempt no action at this session of Congress on the Administration measure proposing Government acquisition of all wireless stations. Representative Alexander of Missouri chairman of the committee, said members realized it was useless to attempt to frame a bill so that it might be considered by Congress during the few remaining weeks of the session Republican members of the committee voiced opposition to the bill, which they declared was the opening wedge of a general i-ohcv of Government ownership of public utilities. denies SECURITY LEAGUE I SOUGHT KUCHINS DEFEAT! WASHINGTON. Jan 16 Charles D. Orth chairman of the Congressional Committee of the National Security League, testifying today before the House committee investigating, the league, said that although six wrong" votes were recorded against Representative Kitchln of North Carolina, on the leagues Congressional chart, no campaign was waged against the Democratic House leader last Fall because his district was regarded as "hopeless.' The leagues educational campaign, he said, was conducted on an intensive scale only in the 47 Congressional districts where the fr ote wae expected to be close. - - DEPLORES DRIFT OF DEMOCRACY IN U. S. Atwood Believes I. and R Against Constitution The kind of democracy the United States has been drifting into the past 16 years, since the quack-medicine type of politician came into vogue, la no better than Bolshevism. said Harry H. Atwood, secretary of the National Association for Constitutional Government, at the Boston City Club last evening. ; He was speaking on the adoption of ; the Constitution the greatest event in i American history. ! Dr David Jayne Hill. ex-Ambassacior to Germany, was also to have spoken j on the same subject, but was unable to be present. Everett W. Burdett presided. He explained that the object of the National Association for Constitutional Government was to make the general public more familiar with the fundamental law i and make more clear the difference j between that law and statutory lav.-. Mr Atwood said the Constitution was the greatest instrument of government ! ever devise 1 in the world, and next to; the birth of Christ was the most im- portant event But he insisted that . the fathers who framed the Constitu- non had no Idea of founding a democracy. but rather a Republic, in which , the inherent rights ot man should be J preserved by means of the Constitu-1 tion through a representative govern- J ment with executive. Legislative and i judicial departments. When the English statesman William j Pitt read the American Constitution he ! said: ' It will be the vender of all j future generations and tbe model of all i future Governments, Gladstone said: ' "It is the greatest piece of work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man. "People are confusing constantly. said Mr Atwood, "the question of Constitutional law with statutory enactments. The Constitution is the basis and statutory law the application. If there are wrongs and evils these are not the fault of he Constitution. As the statute laws have grown our political ideals have changed. Weve substituted candidates for principles. In less than a decade we have put G2.0a) statutes into j 632 new volumes until no one has the faintest conception of where e are at. where were going, or where well land. If some Governor in his inaugural would only say: Dont pass any morv laws let us repeal the dead and useless ones, he would voice a public desire. He condemned commissions and said that Illinois a few years ago abolished 124 of them and never missed them any more than we would any other com- , mon nuisance." ! One trouble with commissions, he contended, Is that they have executive. Legislative and judicial power and con- ! flict with those departments of Govern- ' j ment. and as they usually consist of I three members they lack initiative. He believed the initiative and refer-I endum was contrsrv to the spirit of the I Constitution as it was an infringement j on representative Government. People 1 were called upon to vote on things they ( knew nothing about. The Constitution makes no recogni-i tion of class." said Mr Atwood. "Char-i acter and capacity are the supreme ' tests for promotion In all the wains of life ! He said that no such progress had j ever been made in the history of the i world a has been made under the i Constitution of the United States. ! INQUIRY INTO CASUALTIES OF j 35TH IN ARGONNE SOUGHT j WASHINGTON. Jan 16 Investigation of casualties in the 3oth Division in the I battle of the Argonne Is proposed tn a resolution introduced today by Repre-j sentative Campbell of Kansas. ! Gov Allen of Kansas recently asserted that the division lost 7JuO men because it was not given proper artillery support; was not supplied with ammunition and food and was not given proper support from the air. . Order next Sunday's Globe in advance from your newsdealer or newsboy. PASS BILL TO NAME GIANT TREES ROOSEVELT PARK WASHINGTON. Jan 16-The bill des-Lfn.ailg the California giant redwood district as "Roosevelt National Park was passed unanimously today by the Senate and now goea to the House, 1 i i I CLAIM STRIKERS VIOLATE AGREEMENT War Labor Boards Opinion on G E. Trouble Electric Company Yiiling to Cperats Under Award Made WASHINGTON. Jan 16-In an opinion today holding recent strikes at the Schenectady and Pittsfield plants of too General Electric Comi any in vlola'ion of its awards, the War Labor Board recommended that all questions concerning alleged discriminations in h curtailment of forces or restoration of former strikers be referred to it- examiners at Schenectady, Pittsflejd and Erie. The examiners will be emroaered to pass upon any failure or. the pnrt of the employes or the company to Is' up to the agreements made. "Due to changed condition fol.nsin the cessation of hoatiinie..." the board's decision said, the company's p:od action at the Schenectady :.n-S l'sttsfleld plants has been neces.-.ny urtaiied with a consequent necessary m Ldin-rtt of employes, and the company nas expressed Its willingness to continue operating under the conditions of the award of this board. The decision refers controversies at Fort Wayne. Ind, between the General Electric and employes to the sco retary of Labor. THREATEN STRIKE IF G. E. DOESN'T ACCEPT EXAMINERS PITTSFIELD. Jan 16 If the Gen-rai Electric Company turn down the War Labor Board or its examiner's office. he Electrical Manufcun;.g Inrte-Tial Federation of Genera Eiciric En-1 loyes will call a general atnKe in all plants of the General Electric Company, according to a statement by the employee" committee hem today. Neither the company imr t n- employes' committee had leceived any word from the War Labor Board this afternoon regarding the board a decision in the trouble between the company and Us employes. It was said that the boaid planned to send an examiner to every Plan of the General Electric Coinpai) where trouble had occurred to conduct an invest.ga-tion. GEORGE W. PERKINS HAS PNEUMONIA IN FRANCE PAP. I?. Jan 16 George W. Perkins, chan man of the Finance Committee of the Y. M. C. A. is suffering from an attack of broncho-rneurror.: at ths American Hospital here. Tbe attending Physicians say that the attack la a light one. TRY THIS FOP, A COLDHTS FINE! Papes Cold Compound ends severe colds or grippe in few hours. You can end grippe and break up a severe cold either la head, chest, body or limbs, by taking a dose of Pape's Cold Compound every two hour until three doses are taken. It promptly opens clorged-up nostrils and air passages in the head, stops bad discharge or nose running, relieves sick headache, dullness, feverishness, sore throat, sneezing, soreness and stiffness. Don't stay stuffed-cp. Quit blowing and snuffling. Ease your throbbing bead nothing else In the worl4 gives such prompt relief as "Pape's Cold Compound," which costs only a few cents at any drug store. It acts without assistance, tastes nice, and causes no inconvenience. R ' sure you get the genuine. AdvL i

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