The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 17, 1955 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, March 17, 1955
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF HORTMtASl ARKANSAS AND 8OCTHIAST iGSSOUM __„ 4lyth«vU)» Couriw fclythavllle Herald VOL. L—NO. 299 BlythevUl* bally Nnra KtMitslppl Valley Uadw BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 1955 Published Dailr EIGHTEEN PAGES Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS JAYCEES TACKLE SEWER TASK — Members o[ Blytheville's Junior Chamber of Commerce lent a hand yesterday in the drive to complete formation of the Southern Sewer District necessary before actual work ori the city's sewer project can begin. Some of the 12 Jaycees who took part in the work yesterday are shown above re- ceiving Instructions from Chamber of Commerce secretary Worth Holder (left). The group secured 28 additional signatures on sewer petitions cutting the estimated number still needed to 34. (Courier NCWB Photo) UN Truce Chief Ready to Put Gaza Incident Blame on Israel UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — The U. N. Palestine truce chief was reported ready to place full blame today on Israel for the recent Gaza, battle in which 38 Egyptians and eight Israelis were killed. Informed sources said the head of the truce supervisory organization, Maj. Gen. E. L. M. Burns of Canada, also would call on the U. N. to strengthen his group's machinery for its watch on the tense Arab-Israeli borders. Inside Today's Courier Newt , . . Chick Trackmen Begin Workouts . . . Dayton and Duquesne Favored as NIT Enters Semi-Final Round . . Sports . . . Pages 8 and 9 ... What Happens Now In Yalta Issue Page 10 . North Korean Army Growing but Holland School $100,000 Bond Issue Asked for Negro School, Other Work " HOLLAND — The Holland School Board Is asking approval of a $100,000 bond Issue at Che annual school election to be held April 5. Purpose of the issue is for construction of a new Negro elementary school to replace the one which burned Feb. 18, and for repairs to present buildings, according to L. N. Kinder. No Increase No tax millnge increase will be needed this year for payment of interest and principal ori the bond issue, Mr. Kinder said, though it mny be necessary to ask for a small increase next year. The proposed Negro school would be a six-classroom building and would Include a principal's office,: all-purpose room, rest rooms and! possibly a kitchen, Mr. Kinder; See SCHOOLS on Pajje 2 • Burns was scheduled to give his personal report on the Ga?,a incident and his recommendations at a meeting late today of the 11-na- tfon Security Council. The general arrived in New YorK Tuesday after making a personal investigation of the Feb. 2c8h sal at Gaza, on the Egyptian-Israeli frontier. He brought with him a resolution adopted by the Egyptian- Treaty Power Curb Asked By Senators WASHINGTON M 3 }— Two Senators Urged prompt action on a curb on treaty-making power today in the wake of 71-11 confirmation of Judge John Marshall HarJan's appointment to the Supreme Court. Harlan, nominated by President Eisenhower last November to fill the vacancy left by the death of Justice Robert H. Jackson may take his seat, March 28. when the court next meets. Two Republican senators, Welker of Idaho and Langer of North Dakota, vpted against confirmation, as did nine Democrats, all Southerners The Salk Vaccine Plans Outlined Plans are being made now for a Salk polio vaccine program in this area this summer. principal argument of op- i poncnts was that Harlan, a New Yorker, had declined to comm himself on whether he believed th United Nations charter or otlie treaties could override the Consti tution and state nnd federal laws. Sen. Jcnner R-Ind and Dirkse R-J1J., both of whom voted for con firmntion, expressed concern abou Miss Jewell Lee, cminty vaccine thc scope of [reat y power The chairman for the National Foundn- Snid thc solution lay in amend tloii for Infantile Paralysis, attended a training meeting in West Memphis with Mrs. George Dillahunty. Purpose of the meeting. Miss Lee said, u'iis to consider pLnns for ad- minislrntion of the vaccine in Arkansas. A final report on effectiveness ol la.st year's trials will not be available until April, thc group in West Memphis was told. Israeli Mixed Armistice Commission holding: Israe) responsible. Top Western diplomats also have been working on a resolution which reportedly would condemn Israel and call for stronger border patrolling. Will Deny Blame Israeli Delegate Abba Ebtm was prepared to deny the accusations against his country and to counter with a charge that Egypt started the clash by sending a military unit across the border. The Arab position was indicated yesterday by the U. N. observer of the Arab League, Kamil Abdul Rahim, who cadcd for day-and- night patrols along all trouble areas. At present the U .N. sends observers to investigate clashes fter they occur. The Egyptians took the Gaza in cident to the Security Council with complaint charging Israel committed "violent and premeditated aggression" in violation of the 1949 armistice agreement between the two countries, he Israelis countered by accusing Egypt of "con- cinuous' violations" of the same agreement. Tenson Runs High Tension continued to run high, meanwhile, on both sides of the troubled Israeli-Egyptian border. An Israeli military spokesman said in Tel Aviv yesterday that nine incidents have taken place along No Invasion 3 Feared Page If Ihe report indicates last summer's tests were effective. Miss Lee stated, the National Foundation intends to vaccinate nil first and second-graders this year. ment of the Constitution .rathe than in appointments to the Sir preme Court. Manila Tops Heart Quota MANILA—I. D. Shedd, chairman of the Manila Heart Fund drive reported that Manila citizens contributed J-3G3.45 to the cause. Thej exceeded their quota by $10.45 nnd lopped the 1!)54 amount by $84.45. Mrs. Jim Cheadle and Miss NeL- clean Poe were as co-chairman. Meditations for LENT By DR. .1. CARTER SWA1M Dept. of English Bible, National Council of Churches Written for NEA Service Jesus taught that temptation hns its origin in inner desire. James 1:15 gives an Interesting analysis of the psychological process by which evil desire comes swiftly to its logical conclusion: "desire when it has conceived fives birth to sin; and sin when It is full frown brings forth death." This is illustrated in the Genesis story of how sin entered the world. Our first parents desired what was not for them. Desire led to disobedience, nnd disobedience resulted In expulsion from the garden. This is precisely paralleled, alas, in contemporary human experience. The bank official has the desire to enjoy luxuries which he cannot afford. The desire leads to falsification of accounts. He gets away with this for a time, but when his sin Is full-grown he can no longer conceal the Juggled entries, and his cnrccr ends'in disgrace. A poor boy desires to drive n car, as other boys do. Ills parents cnnnot afford one and so he steals. Not knowing how to drive, he violates traffic laws, steps on the gas to escape the cops — and journey's end comes in death on the highway. It Is sobering in this connection to remember Utnt others mny wnnt to follow our manner of life. Do we live In extravagance that arouses envy? High school youngsters desire to drink as they have seen their parents do. Their Joy ride endfi in head-on collision, and death for all, Desire, sin, ricnth ~ ft is a logical and fatal sequence. The only place to stop It li before it begin*. the frontier since the Feb. 28 clash. In Cairo, the government-sponsored newspaper Al Giimhuriya charged yesterday that Israel has proclaimed a state of emergency in the adjoining Negev Desert j area, reinforcing garrisons there, '• ordering fl blackout and arresting Arab residents. There was no immediate reply to this from Israel. Contest Seeks Young Farmer Nominations Asked On Youthful Farmer Award An Outstanding Young Farmer Contest will be sponsored Jocall, by the Blytheville Junior Chambe of Commerce with the count agents office cooperating. Nominations are being asked fo a young farmer between the age of 21 and 35 for the Mlssissipp County nominee who will represen the county in the state contest. Recognition will be given thi County winner. The winner of thi State contest will get a free tri; to Minneapolis where the nationa winners will be chosen June 1-3. The public is asked to send in nominations now. Entry deadlini will be March 28. Name, age and address of each nominee, along with nominator name and address, may be sent to Charles Moore, Blytheville Jaycees Box 707, Blytheville. A Jaycee representative will contact nominators for additional information necessary for the Stati entry blank. In making nominations, the following points: may be considered I) nominee's farming history: (2i his community activities; (3) his Yalta Papers Fail to Still Debate on Concessions Why Were Popers Releosed? Angry Dulles Refuses To Answer Question WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State Dulles angrily refused to answer and stalked away today when a reporter asked why he released the controversial Yalta papers at this time. ~ -+ Earlier he had told newsmen he m ^ expected the controversy over Yal j ^^ i i 4- la " wl " go on tnrou S n lne I Q j^ ^^ ^| I This was in response to Issue to Get Rest progress being made and <4> his use of good farming practices. Horse Begins Its Last Trip — To Soap Factory A soap factory in Jonesboro had more raw material today after a horse from Blytheville made the GO mile journey there to become soap. The horse had to be shot by a Blytheville policeman early this morning after it was hit by a large hauling van on Highway 61 north of Blytheville. Evidently the hor.se was a stray that had wandered on to the highway from a nearby farm. The owner's name hadn't been learned by police at noon today. Ashcraft Sets Up Egg Factories L. K, Ashcraft Co., of Blytheville hns set up two more egg producing farms in the Blytheville arei according to Bryon Nail, manager of the company. Each farm will have a capacity of 2,000 hens and were built at cost of 512,000. The annual combined production of the farms will be l, 460,000 eggs. Tliis will mean about 121,666 dozen more eggs on the local market, he said. The company is to sell the eggs to wholesale houses. One farm will be located about \\2 miles northwest of town am the other will be located near Promised Land community. Each farm will employ two persons. Information Sought on Ellis Family Anybody know Lloyd and Louise Morris Ellis? The Courier News has received a letter from Mrs. C. M. Murphy of Pine Bluff, sister of Mrs. Elis, seeking- the whereabouts of the Ellis family. They were last heard of by Mrs. Murphy 22 years ngo when they re- sided here. Mr. Ellis was employed by the Chicago Mill and Lumber Company. They had three sons; Frank (now about 28), Howard (now about 25) and another whose name was unknown to her (now about 19). Mrs. Murphy would like to hear from anyone who has information about the family. WASHINGTON Ufh- The congressional battle over a Democratic tax-cutting drive settled today into a nervous waiting game. The issue rested for the time being with a Senate-House conference committee not scheduled to meet until next week. Meanwhile, both sides fired new verbal blasts. Rep. Daniel A. Reed fR-NY) said Democratic insistence on an income tax cut year could bring an "unconscionable windfall" to the liquor industry. The dispute is delaying action on a bill which would extend present corporation and excise tax rates now due to expire April 1. Taxes Will Drop Unless the extension is voted, liquor taxes would drop from $10.50 to $9 a proof gallon, and Reed ;aid that would give the liquor industry a "windfall" of 132 million dollars. House Speaker Rayburh (D- Texi and Rep. Boggs fD-La) discounted any such possibility. They said agreement would be reached by April 1. The conference committee was appointed yesterday to iron out the sharp dispute Involved in tax bills See TAX on Paye 2 ages." question whether he thought publication of the voluminous record of the wartime Big Three meeting would quiet the pa rtisan political furor about what took place at the Roose- veH-Churchill-Stalin meeting in the Soviet Crimea in February 1945. The incident'occurred at the Military Air Transport Service terminal as Dulles was about to board a plane for Ottawa and his first state visit to Canada. With Ambassador With Canadian Ambassador Arnold Heeney, Dulles took up a position before microphones and cameras. The first .question, from CBS reporter Pete Clapper, was: "Mr. Secretary, why did you release the Yalta papers at this time?" Dulles flushed, took a couple of steps toward Clapper and thrust out his jaw. "I'm not going to stand here at this time (to) make a statement about Canada and have a question like that shot at me." With that, he stalked away toward his Waiting plane . Paper Had Copy An official who declined to permit the use of his name said, last night that the documents were released at that time because at least one newspaper already had obtained a copy. There also were reports of heavy pressure from Republican members of Congress Dulles' own plan, for the time being had been to make them available to certain key members and committees of Congress on a confidential basis. Adminstration Seeking To Repudiate 'Deals' By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) indicated today the administration is seeking ways to denounce Russian violations of the Yalta agreement without giving the ^^ Japan surrendered Aug Documents Verify Deals with Russia By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER and WARREN ROGERS, JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — Publication of long-secret Yalta papers failed today to still the controversy that has raged for a decade over the wartime Big Three meetings. The half-million-word American, .y. ^ * Churchill Tells Commons.-Papers Are U.S. Version record of the historic session was made public last night by the State Department, reportedly over the objection of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Secretary of State Dulles had said only Tuesday that the 334 pa ges of documents would not be made public now. The papers disclosed that Premier Joseph Stalin had made a veiled threat of "difficulty" in taking Russia into the war against Japan unless President Roosevelt agreed to sweeping concessions. Roosevelt did agree, giving Russia new strategic positions in the northwest Pacific and a powerful hand in Manchuria. Arg-uments Told The record disclosed also that Roosevelt told .Stalin and Churchill it was "very embarrassing" to him to yield to another Russian demand for Ukrainian and White Russian membership ; n the United Nations—giving Russia three votes in the General Assembly. And they disclosed long arguments by Roosevelt and Churchill with Stalin over ihPir demands for creation of free governments in postwar Poland and other liberated Eastern European countries. Stalin agreed to a declaration and procedures for setting up democratic regimes. But within a few years the Soviets solidified Communist rule from the Baltic to the Black: Sea. The Big Three conference was held at Yalta in the Russian Crimea in February 1945. Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill had met some earlier at Tehran, mainly on coordinating military strategy against Nazi Germany. At Yalta they grappled with great political issues, including the future of Germany. The record shows they agreed on "dismemberment" of Germany in principle but not on how it should be cut up, But the overriding problem was Russia's prospective entry into ihe war against Japan, Russia agreed to come in once Germany was defeated. The war in Europe ended May 7, 1945. Russia entered the Documents Said Nof Necessarily Official Records LONDON (J» — Prime Minister Churchill told the House of Commons today the Yalta papers released in Washington were "of course the American version and in no sense an agreed official record of the powers concerned." Churchill said: "I have not seen anything but the extracts which now are appearing in the press. Even these disclose some serious mistakes." The Prime Minister, who was answering legislators' questions, indicated his displeasure at Washington's publication of the decade- old documents by saying: "Might Hamper Exchange*' "If this became an established practice it might hamper the free exchange of views at future conferences. In any case, it would seem a good thing to consult together on the text of any publication during the lifetime of the individuals concerned." The 1945 Yalta conference in the Crimea was attended by President Roosevelt, Premier StaJin and Churchill. The 80-yenr-old British leader is the only survivor of the big three. Britons generally were shocked and angered .by disclosures in the documents—particularly President Roosevelt's suggestion that Hong Kong be turned over to China. The Foreign Office and British press generally consider Washington's publication of the records a diplomatic blunder. The man in the street was hopping mad on conflict with Japan on Aug. 9, 1945, j learning some of the inside ma- three days after the United States neuvers at Soviets any legal advantages. Sen. McCarthy (R-Wlsi called on, him," McCarthy said. President Eisenhower in the Sen- i The White House had no corn- ate yesterday to "announce the rnent. Efforts to reach Milton Ei- support of his administration for formal congressional action repudiating the Yaltn agreements." Knowland. Republican lioor leader, did not comment on McCarty's demand. But he said in an interview that as far as he is concerned, any action will have to .wait "full "study" of the 1945 conference record mnde public last night by the State Department. There may be ways to denounce or repudiate'these agreements, in view of the Soviet failure to comply with them, which would not put the Russians in tte position of being able to reap some bene- its," Knowland said. "Study the Facts" "Before w-e reach any final decision, it would be well to study the facts as they are disclosed in the conference record." McCarthy told the Senate yesterday Republicans had failed to live up to a 1952 platform pledge to repudiate the Yalta agreements. He said he is "not optimistic" about GOP chances in 1956 "if we come before the merican people with a series of broken campaign >romises." He blamed Eisenhower's brother vlilton and "holdovers from the Roosevelt regime" for swaying the President from a policy aimed at 'liberation" of the Iron Curtain Countries to one of "coexistence" with communism. "I merely mention Milton Eisen- lower because he fs typical of the •alace guard of New Dealers which ead Ike around without his knowing exactly where they are taking senhower were unsuccessful. Presi- dropped an atomic bomb on Hi- 14, 1945. Years of Controversy The agreement between Roosevelt and Stalin on Russian entry dent of Penn State University, he j into the Pacific war has produced has sometimes acted as adviser to years ihe President on Latin-American affairs. Might Counteract Claims Knowland indicated repudiation of the Yalta agreements might counteract American claims that See ADMINISTRATION on Page 2 Weather afternoon, tonight and Warmer this afternoon NORTHEAST ARKANSAS— Mostly cloudy with occasional showers and thundershowers this Friday. and tonight. Saturday, partly cloudy and mild.' High this afternoon in the mid-50s. Low tonight In the mid- 405. MISSOURI — Showers and scattered thunderstorms this afternoon tonight and most of Friday; slowly rising temperature this afterripon and tonight — turning colder west and north Friday; low tonight .40 northwest to near 50s southeast; high Friday 40s northwest to 60s southeast. Minimum this morning—W. Maximum yesterday—59. Sunrise tomorrow—6:07. Sunset today — 8:09. Mean temperature—49.5. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7 p.m. —none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—7.78. This Date Last Yew Maximum yesterday—53. Minimum this morning—27. Precipitation January 1 to date — 12.10. of political controversy the conference. Top Topic Talk on the mornina: commuter trains coming into London was more concerned with Yalta than even the current split in the British Labor party over rebel Aneurin Sevan. Critical references to the late the United States. President Roosevelt as a political Many Republican senators and j schemer could be henrd from Brit- others denounced Roosevelt's con-1 ons who heretofore have almost cessions as an unnecessary grant universally revered him as a great of position and power to Stalin, statesman. , Roosevelt's defenders have replied j The average Briton's pride ap- it was the price he had to pay peared hurt particularly by two to assure Russian military action Roosevelt suggestions— to turn over against Japan. Hone Kong to China and to. exclude State Department officials are j the "British from the postwar ad- See YALTA on Page 2 | ministration of Korea. Deer Reports: We're Working on Delinquents County Judge Philip Deer ,'cslerday told members of Mythevillc's Kiwanis Club the uvcnile delinquency problem n Mississippi County is no vorse than in any other area lut he "definitely believes we re doing a better job with thc iroblcm than some areas." Speaking at the weekly meeting t thc club In Hotel Noble yesterday, Jud«e Deer lold the Klwanlans of the work his office and other county agencies arc doing with the county's Juvenile delinquency problem. "We attack the problem from an angle of trying to prevent it, correct It or stop It," Judge Deer said but he added that the "final solution Is golnc to take a lot more thought and a lot more work." He praised the vork of the sheriffs office, thc prosecuting attorney's office nnd the Child welfare office In thi work they arc doing *ith juvenile delinquents in the county. Thc Causes He told the Klwitnlans that through his work lie hns found .the basic causes of juvenile delinquency to be: 1. abnormal home life, 2. Irregular school attendance nnd 3. Irregular church attendance. "The final solution to the Juvenile problem," he said, "lies within these three causes. When these •re eliminated, then we can better control the problem. '1 uk you, where would you w business men nnd citizens be if you had been deprived of a normal home, .school and church life? Where else can these youngsters turn? "The juvenile . problem Is with us, has always been with us and probably always will be with us but we can decrease the number of children growing ui. Into the Juvenile delinquency pattern by helping to strengthen the home, school- and church lives of our youngsters." Judge Deer was Introduced by Adolph Helnt-Jte, the club's program chairman for the month. OKAY, DOOt — Tills youngster looking apprehensively nt Dr, W. W. Workman was one of 51 pre-school children examined at Ml»- slssippl County Health Unit here yesterday. Dr. Orll* Purkcr, dentist, cooperated In the free examinations. Yesterday's examination was for children who'll enter Lnnge School In September. (Court** New> Photo)

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