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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 296 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Daily New Blythevllle Herald Mississippi VaUey Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS RELIGIOUS EMPHASIS BEGINS — The Rev. Bay W. Wallace (second from left) this morning conferred with Blytheville High student government leaders preparatory to launching Religious Emphasis Week in Blytheville. The Rev. Mr. Wallace spoke at high school assembly this morning and will conduct services at First Baptist Church at 7:30 tonight. He's pastor of Ft. Smith's F.irst Christian Church and was obtained as REW speaker by Blythe- ville's Ministerial Alliance, in cooperation with the high school student government. Above are (seated from the left) Danny Cobb, general chairman; the Rev. Mr. Wallace; Miss Prances Bowen, student council faculty sponsor; LaNeal Sudbury, discussion group chairman; (standing) Oail Whitsitt, general chairman; Glen Ladd, song leader. (Courier News Photo) Spy Ring Uncovered In Sweden Czech, Romania Diplomats Face Quick Expulsion STOCKHOLM, Sweden (AP) — The Swedish government is kicking out all members of the Romanian and Czechoslovak legations involved in military spy cases, a reliable source said today. He reported "everybody concerned" was ordered to get out of Sweden right now. Sweden moved quickly against the legislations of the two Soviet satellite countries after security police dug up two nation-wide Communist spy rings and jailed 11 suspects. Number Withheld The police linked the spy ring to Romania and Czechoslovakia. The number of Romanian and Czechoslovakian legation officials declared persona non grata was not disclosed and they were not immediately identified. Police picked up 10 suspects over the weekend and the llth today. They include five Swedes, three Czechs, a Romanian, a Germnn and one unidentified foreigner. A well informed ~our said For- eigh Minister Oesten Unden probably would summon diplomatic representatives of Romania and Czechoslovakia this week "for some stern conversation." A government announcemem said the 10 were .suspected of spying for two East European Communist countries. "Reliable sources said the countries are Czechoslovakia and Romanin. Under arrest were rive Swedes, three Czechs, a Romanian nnd a German, public prosecutor Werner Rhyninger reported. The prosecutor Is expected to ask for the arraignment of some of them early next week. One of the Swt'des was reported to be a worker at the big Knrl.sko- ga armament factories, which arc turning out an improved model of (he World War II 40mm. Bofors antiaircraft gun. Deeply Involved Informed sources said the Romanian Iciiatio was deeply involved in the alleged spy plot and might be closed as a result. Czechoslovakia's military attache in Sweden, Cmdr. Frantisek Nemec. was reported .to have left for Prague last Friday. Rhyninger said the ring was alleged to have participated in 'gross military espionage" and in spying on East European refugees in Sweden. Joint US-Nationalist Command Plans Said Now in Talking Stage By SPENCER MOOSA TAIPEH, Formosa (AP) — Preparations for a joint LJ. S.-Nationalist Chinese command in case of war with Red China reached the talking stage today. Sources who should know scribed :is premature reports that machinery for such a joint command had been erected. They conceded, however, that men.sure.s for closer coordination to cope with all eventualities had been discussed and presumably would be put into effect to meet any situation. "Scl-Up" Told It appeared safe to assume, as the U. S. 7th Fleet commander, Vice Adm. Alfred M. Pride rejoined his fleet after surveying the situation here since "'arch 2, that this would be the setup if Red China triggers a war: 1. Americans would command air and naval operations. 2. A Nationalist would command ground fighting. 3. Only Nationalist ground forces would be committed. Washington lias made plain repeatedly (hat intervention would depend on events. Logistical Support 4. If events lead to an American decision to help ' •> Nationalists Inside Today's Courier News Carl 'Pheenom' Spouner Is Rookie Ft. Smith Wins Stock Credit Ban Termed Undesirable FRB Chairman Testifies at Market Probe By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON ( A P ) — Chairman William Mac Martin Jr., of the Federal Reserve Board declared today banning Slate Basketball Championship | of credit in stock buying U.S. Leads Pan-American | WO uld have some undesirable Senate's Tax Cut Voting Set to Start Tomorrow Ike Cites Asian Aid Increase Congress Told Of Big Step-Up In Past Year By WARRE.V ROGERS, JR. 11 f A r»i TTM*-"n/-mr ** i * n ' un }' ul UIJIIIMILCU ueuale uu LUC [Jiu- WASHINGTON, March 141 posa i with voting to start tomor- Both Sides Predict Close Vote as Showdown Nears WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) said today the Senate must choose between "the American people or hig business corporations" when it votes this week cm a Democratic income tax cut proposal. But another Humphrey — Secretary of the Treasury George M—contended the Democratic plan "works against the making of new and better jobs." He called it "misleading to argue that the plan is really in the interests of the little folks." Both spoke out in statements —, row. the senator today and the secre-1 Both sides conceded the vote tary last .night — as the Senate | would be close, with the edge give n moved toward a ^howdown vote. [ to opponents. The Senate itself scheduled its last 1 day of unlimited debate on the pro- Games . . , Sports . . . Pages 8 and 9 ... . , . Stalemate Means Defeat to Nationalist Air Force . . . I'a&e 3 ... defend the offshore islands of Quemoy and Matsu, it is believed here that the United States woukl provide logistical support as well as air and na%'nl cover. The Communists keep saying they will liberate the islands. The Nationalists insist they will fight to defend them, with or without American help. Less Senatorial Advice To President Is Urged By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Jackson (D-Wash) called on his colleagues in Congress today to quit giving President Eisenhower public advice on how to conduct American affairs in the Formosa area. Jackson said in an interview he thinks only the President can decide, for instance, what should be done about halting the delivery by \ Finnish tanker of jet aircraft fuel to Communist China. Sen. Knowland of California, the Republican leader, said in a weekend interview th.it if all other means fail, the 7th Fleet should intercept the tanker Aruba. The tanker is now en route to China from Red Romania. Knowland said H would be "folly" to permit delivery of fuel the Reds might use against this country in an attack on Formosa. Sen. George (D-pa) opposed use of the 7th Fleet, however, saying the United States has imposed no blockade of Red China and "I wouldn't think we had any right" to stop ships going there. Sen. Morse (D-Ore) agreed, telling a news conference in Minneapolis he deplored the shipment but felt this country has no right under international law to stop it. He said such action could lead to an act of war. Jpckson said he thinks the President has more information on the situation than anybody in Congress and has "enough problems on his hands" without getting public advice from all sides. Speaking more generally. Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) said yesterday many Congress members have acquired the habit of "talking too much" about foreign policy. He suggested a return to the era of "diplomacy by secret negotiation" so that other countries will not become confused. Chairman McClellan (D-Ark) has announced that the Senate Investigations subcommittee soon will investigate what he called the "fail- I ure of our government" lo do anything about the "disgraceful, deplorable" trade of Western nations with Red China. affects. He.said it should not be undertaken without careful :onsideration. Martin declined to give a direct answer to the Senate Banking Committee, however, when asked if margin requirements—that is, the amount of cash which must be put up in buying securities- should be raised in the near future. "I wouldn't want to make any comment," Martin said, "because I an 1 in the position of being able to do something about it ... I don't want to be a tipster." In a prepared statement given to the committee, Martin said he sees signs of "unhealthy tendencies when businessmen or the public generally become unduly preoccupied with the stock market and stock prices." "Unsound Psychology 7 ' "An unsound speculative psychology may then develop that can have adverse effects throughout the economy," he said. The stock market had its sharpest break in 15 years last week after the Banking Committee, headed by Sen. Fulbright ir>Ark), started a "friendly study" of its operations and of the rise in stock prices during the last 18 months. It is widely debated whether the (AP) President Eisenhower reported today a "significant acceleration" of foreign aid operations last year in Asia, "where communism is stepping up ifs efforts of expansion." A report covering July-December of 1954 was prepared for Congress by the Foreign Operations Administration, headed by Harold Stassen. It told how the agency is spending the $2,800,000,000 in new appropriations for the fiscal year ending nejtt June 30 and '2 l / 2 billion dollars in carryover funds from previous appropriations unused but earmarked for military equipment. The report did not say specifically how much had been spent during the six-month period, but it said Far Eastern military aid from Its start through December 1954 had reached $1,900,000,000. Programs Increasing One-fourth of the new appropriations were earmarked for Southeast Asia and the Southern Pacific FOA said that through March 1 this year it had approved 555 millions in that area for various mutual security programs other than military assistance. Eisenhower, in a letter transmitting the report, noted the stepped up activities in Asia and, speaking of the over-all program, added: "These worldwide progarms of military aid, economic development and technical cooperation are increasing the military security and economic progress of the United States and our cooperating partners in the free world." The report emphasized strongly the shift from Europe to the underdeveloped areas of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Key Factor It said Europe's amazing economic recovery was a key factor in permitting- this change. "Together the underdeveloped countries hold the bulk of the world's population, occupy the largest part of its land area, constitute the major source of its key minerals and raw materials, and See ASIA o n Page 5 Sen. Smathers (D-Fla), supporting- the tax cut, said his side was "shy four or five votes" yester- Demos' Charge Disputed USEconomySound, GOP Solons Claim By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (APj — Senators Watkins (R.Utah) and Goldwater (R-Ariz) declared today the nation's economy is showing "a healthy vitality." They thus countered Democratic claims that recovery from a 1954 business recession has been slow. The two Republicans filed minor-.fr ity views to a Senate-House Economic Committee report which said that while business has been improving since last year, there is "unevenness in this advance and certain regions and industries continue to be in very serious economic straits. ' Watkins and Goldwater, although subscribing to thes r f.'ndings, said in their supplemental report things are not so bad as committee Democrats painted them in separate views of their own. "Soft Spots " The committee report was issued after a behind-the-scenes Republican vs. Democrat dispute over proposed wording in a draft prepared by Chairman Douglas (D-I11). The upshot of the argument was deletion of some criticism of President Eisenhower's policies and some pessimistic forecasts. And both sides drew up separate reports pointing up their divergent views. Conceding there are some ' 'soft spots," Watkins and Goldwater said it was "unreasonable ... to inquiry influenced the Senate break. Martin, a former president of the New York Stock Exchange, told the committee margin require- See STOCKS on Page 5 UAW and GM Officials Open Negotiations for New Contract DETROIT tm — CIO United Auto Workers officials sit down today with Gencrnl Motors Corp. to outline negotiations for what could be the UAW's toughest goal — a guaranteed 52 weeks pay each year. The UAW has threatened to strike If necessary to gain a guaranteed annual wage (OAW) for 000,000 workers In the Industry's Big Three — OM, Ford and Chrysler. Kxplrug Mny 2!) With General Motors' contract expiring first (May 29), today's meeting wns sot up to determine tjic size of negotiating teams, where and when meetings will be held and countless details. Both sides are awnro that 360.000 OM workers could leave their jobs nny time after May 29. A similar Ford-UAW meeting will begin Wednesday. Ford's union contract, involving 135,000 workers, expires June 1. 'Chrysler, with 115,000 workers, rides on its contract until Aug.. 31 and hopes the strife may be over by then. Approval Expected The union hns indicated It Will hand details of its OAW demand to the Big Three this week. However, actual bargaining with GM Is expected to start April 11 — n week nfter Ford opens formal negotiations. Delegates to the UAW's annual convention starling, Mnrch 27 In Cleveland «re expected to overwhelmingly approve * 2fi-mlllion- dollar utrlk* fund. Three Violations Are Expensive Driving while drunk and speeding charges cost motorists $250 In the Municipal Court today. Two cases were heard on each of the two charges. Milton Moss was found guilty ol driving a vehicle while under "the influence of liquor and was fined $100 and costs. Henry Jones forfeited a »111.75 on a similar charge. William Sykes and Kenneth C. Kimber each forfeited bonds of $19.75 on speding charges. W. F. Floyd made $200 bond on a driving while drunk charge lo appear In court at a later date. Sewer Work Progress Is Slow Eighty-eight of the estimated 200 names needed for completion of the Southern Sewer Improvement District have been signed to petitions, according to Worth Holder, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce. Volunteer workers are still on the job, though more are needed, it was pointed out. Charles F. McGowen has been most active in securing signatures Of property owners in the district, Mr. Holder said. He hns turned in 50 names. Mayor E. R. Jackson said this morning he had asked Mr. McGowen to turn in the number of hours worked and he would be paid, but Mr. McGowen has said he will not accept pay for the work, The City Council last week authorized Mayor Jackson to hire someone on a full-time basis to work on the petitions. Ike Reports $70.5 Billion In Military Aid WASHINGTON tfl — President Eisenhower's report to Congress ,on .the mutual security program said j today the United States has shipped 10 V 2 billion dollars worth of military aid throughout the world from October 1949 through last December. The report gave this breakdown.,, of major items delivered: 146.644 ! pr- • d. dwell upon these uncertainties to the point where one can only view the outlook as a whole with misgiving and pe^sir i .n. The facts simply do not warrant such a view." Seven committee Democrats joined in a statement that said [here was still 11) a "disturbing level o' unemployment." i21 risk of a "prince and pauper economy" if distressed areas do not get park- aid and i3> a "growing squeeze upon small business." They said also they were "disturbed by the drag which reduced farm income places upon the economy as a whole." Mills Signed It Signers of this statement included Douglas. Senators Sparkman of Alabama and O'Mahoney of Wyoming, and Representatives Patman of Texas, Boiling of Missouri, Mills of Arkansas and Kelley of Pennsyl- day. Administration leaders have said regularly that an almost solid co"ps of Republicans will be supported by enough Democrats to beat the tax cut. $20 Reduction The Democratic proposal would cut $20 from the income levy against the taxpayer plus $10 for each dependent except a spouse, effective Jan. 1 next year. It would be limited largely to those rtiak- ing less than S5.000 a year. To offset that loss of revenue, estimated ,at 908 million dollars a year, it would also repeal two features of the 1954 tax revision law: (1) reduced taxes on dividend Income and (2) faster depreciation allowances for business firms. The plan also proposes to extend for 27 months, until July 1, 1957. excise and corporation income tax rates now scheduled to drop April 1. The administration had asked that these be extended for one year. The tax cut plan would be added to the administration bill. Billion Dollar Lost Sen. Humphrey said the depreciation allowance alone would cost the Treasury nearly a billion dollars in revenue in 1956 "and nearly 20 billions in 18 years from now." "It is both morally and economi- gue on the one hand that it good policy to give away billions of dol- iars of revenue to large corporations, and on the other hand that the Treasury cannot afford modest relief to low income families." The secretary of the treasury contended, however, that the proposed tax cut would amount to "but a few cents a week for only part of the people," and added: "Confidence in trn government's handling of. its financial affairs in a sound and healthy way is far more important to the people, both Southern Bell Workers Strike Nine Southeastern States Affected By Walk-Out ATLANTA (fp) — About 50,000 Southern Bell Telephone Co. em- ployes in nine Southeastern states went on strike today after negotiators failed to reach agreement on a new contract. Dial service was not expected to to the 'little people' they ta'lk about be materially affected but compa- j so much and to the great middle ny officials said long distance calls class . . . than any political quickie and local cnlis made through manual exchanges "might be delayed" during peak hours. The walkou*. started in Atlanta, company naunnal headquarters, at 4 a.m., four hours after the con- gimmick: can possibly be." tract expired. the company Pickets arrived at office and several workers immediately Ipft their shift Proclaimed King NEW DELHI (fl-Crown Prince Mnhendrn. today wns proclaimed King of Nepal. He succeeds his father, ^year-old King Trlbhu- vnnft, who died yesterday in Zu- rlcb of a prolonged heart ailment. Red Fishermen Saved MOJI, Japan (ft 1 } — A Japanese lx>at rescued six Communist Chinese fishermen drifting In n disabled craft 60 miles south of Tflchen islands, the Martime Safety Board wild today, and planned *o turn them over to Chinese Communist tt M*. Watkins and Goldwater said that employment had shown since last September a monthly gain "clearly err enter" than could have been ex- electronics and communications items; 206,836 motor transport vehicles; 36,714-tanks nnd combat vehicles; 36,538 artillery pieces; 6,416 aircraft; 868 navy vessels; 50,000,000 rounds of artillery ammunition; 2,200,000 small arms and machine guns; 1.600,000,000 rounds of small arms and machine gun mmunition. Bids Are Asked On Headquarters Building at BAFB LITTLE ROCK — Bids were invited today for construction of a wing headquarters building at Blytheville Air Force Base. The bids will be received April 7 in the office of Col. Staunton Brown, Little Rock District Engineer, Corps of Engineers. The building:, approximately 37 by 144 feet in size, will be two stories high with masonry walls and wood frame. Interior and exterior utilities, driveway and parking area, walks, curbs, and gutters will be Included in the work to be done. The construction time will be 210 calendar days. Col. Brown announced the award of a contract In the amount of $198,892,75 to L & M Construction Company, Memphis, Term., for rehabilitation of three hangars at the Blytheville field. Bids for this work were received ftobruuy JH. Democrats said hf.t in pointing out "soft spots" they were "certainly not forecasting a depression or a recession." "The economy is improving," they said. "The stabilizers buift into the economy in the 1930s over bitter Republican opposition will cushion and offset anv future decline just :IK they 1949 and 1954." did those of 'Hatch' Doan Succumbs Here Longtime Resident 1 Came to City in 1907 John Hatcher Doan. one of Blytheville's earliest residents, died at Blythevllle Hospital yesterday at, 6 p.m. after a long illness. He was 66. Mr. Doan came to Blytheville In 1907 from Lawrence County, Ark., where he was bonV. For years, \vhcn the mule was prominent on Mississippi County farms, he ran one of the area's largest mule barns and was associated in business here with the '"'^ "is^rmed in addition to hjs liveslock inter est3 and was a member of First Methodist Church. Services will be conducted at Cobb Funeral Home chapel at 10 a.m. tomorrow by the Rev. Harold Eggensperger. Burial will be in Tulia, Tex., where graveside services will be Annual roundup for pre-school held. children who wiU enter Langej He leaves his wife, Mrs. Maydee School next fall has been scheduled j Cavett Doan: one brother, Arthur for 1 p. m. on Wednesday at Mis-i Doan of Tulia: and one sister, Mrs. sissippi County Health Unit. | J. M. HaUield, Portia, Ark. Announcement of the clinic was made today by Mrs. Paul Lloyd, Lange PTA chairman of the event. No charge is made for the examination, which is necessary prior to entry in school. Dr. Orlie Parker and Dr. W. W. Workman will be examining dentist and physician. jobs. Employe? on the fi did not enter rhe building. J tun ped G un Union officials had set the strike hour at 6 a.m. A spokesman said pickets who jumped the gun did so on their own initiative. W. A Smalhvood. Commumca- !u>n Workers of America District 3 director, paid at 6 am. "The strike lias breun but negotiations are continuing." CWA and company officials met throughout the night in an effort j to settle differences. j A "no-strike clause" and wages • were reported to be major points of j contention. I Pre-School Exams For Lange Set For Wednesday Mediations for LENT By DR. J. CARTER SWAIM Dept. of English Bible, National Council of ChurctlM Written for NEA Service Christ endured temptation, and summoned us to take up the cross and follow. For us, one of the joys of testing-time may be that of knowing that we are linked with a great cause. John Bright, the English statesman, used to say to young people: "Link yourself with a great cause. You may never do the cause much good but the cause will do you a great deal of good." The good sport at school is more interested In the success of the team than he is in making a name for himself. If only the team can win, if only the honor of the school can be advanced, he is willing to crucify hl« own desire for recognition and fame. Perhaps In .our society Uiere are more people than we know who are experiencing this kind of Joy. Parent* and teachers often know it, and many doctors do. A-physlclnn cnme to address a group of young people concerned with life work. He told them of the long and expensive yearn of preparation, of the working week that did not allow much time off, of the necessity of being ready to respond to the cry of need at any hour of the day or night. But .ouch a life, h* awured U)«m, would bring wondrous joy. "The thrill of making a difficult diagnosis." ho said, "1* at least a* great M U»t at wlcniog a Federal Suit Opens LITTLE ROCK tfi — A three-mll- lion-dollar suit by the federal government against Westmoreland Manganese Corp. of Cushman, Ark., opened today in Federal District Court here. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Cloudy to partly cloudy thii aft«r- nobn, tonight and Tuesday with occasional bhundershowerB, High this afternoon in the upper 60i. Low tonight in the 50f. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy thii afternoon becoming mostly cloudy tonight and Tuesday with (ihowers and scattered thunderfltormu tonight and most of Tuesday; windy and mild; low tonight *0»; high Tuesday 66-70. Maximum Saturday—73. Minimum Sunday—55. Minimum thii morning—48, Maximum yentordny—». Sunrise tomorrow-HJ.'ll. Hunsct today—0:07, Mean temperature—40. Precipitation Ins I 48 noun to T p,m, —.20. Precipitation Jan. 1 to <S»tfr—7.4*, Thii rut* L*it YM* Mailmum yMtardty— It. Minimum this morning—JT, Precipitation January l to rt4ta — U.tt.