PAQB TWELYB BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.)' COURIER NEW! FRIDAY, MARCH 11, 1958 Brainwashed POWs Pose Big Problem for Pentagon By HERB ALTSCIIULL WASHINGTON (AP) — Divergent military philosophies are confounding Pentagon efforts to lay down a genera! policy on how to deal with U. S. soldiers who are captured and broken down by Communist brainwashing. There are two schools of thought which, for lack of better words, have come to be called "tough" and "soft." They can be summed up this way: "Tough"—Follow the letter of* " the law and hold prisoners of wai to the rigid military code that suys a captured soldier may tell the enemy no more than name, rank and serial number. "Soft"—Recognize that any mai can be broken by physical or men tal torture and adopt a policy o leniency to POWS who, under such pressure, collaborate with their captors. In "Touh" School You might be oversimplifying, but you wouldn't be far wrong _ if you said the Army is "tough" school and the Air Force in the "soft" school. So far, the Navy hasn't had to choose. There is now no over-all Defense Department policy, and Pentagon officials willing to discuss the POW situation won't be quoted by name. Secretary of Defense Wilson is expected to appoint a commission of educators and psychologists to study the problem. Pending such a study, many Pentagon official say they don't see much hope of really solid solution. Brainwashing first become live issue in the Korean War. It would undoubtedly . take on new urgency in the event of hostilities with the Communists over Formosa. Not all POWs who collaborated with the Chinese Communists in Korea had to be browbeaten. A Pentagon authority noted that some captives were swayed to the Red side, temporarily at least, merely through lecturing. The Pentagon official said the POWs "heard the Commie line long they began to wonder whether they were right, after "The American soldier must be made to understand that the Communists are determined to use any means, from conversation to torture, to win converts to the Red conspiracy." No Charges By AF The Air Force has brought no charges against former POWs who collaborated with the Communists. The Army, on the other hand, has brought to court-martial five former POWs and plans to bring charges against several dozen more. Four of the five have been convicted. A fifth was acquitted. None of the cases has gone alJ the way through the long military appeals processes, so a final legal policy has not yet been formed. Maj. Ambrose H. Nugent, of Merrill, Wis., Was the man acquitted. Col. Harry Fleming, of Racine, Wis., was ordered dismissec from service with forfeiture of allowances. M .Sgt. William H. Olson, of Youngsville, Pa., got two years and Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, o: Cracker's Neck, Va., 10. Cpl. Claude J. Batchclor, of Kerm Tex., was originally .sentenced to life; later the penalty was reduced to 20 years, The Army explains the dive gence of sentences by saying esieh case should be considered individually. "We recognize that a man can be broken,' an Army spokesman said, "but we don't believe he should get away with helping the Communists if he hasn't been broken." Middle Line If and when an "er-all defense policy is laid down, it is expected to tread a middle line between the "tough" and "soft" philosphies R is likely to run this way: On the public record, a POW would, be held accountable for actions. He would not be authorized to give the enemy any information other than his name, rank and serial number. If he did KO he'd be subject to court-martial. But the military would accept the psychologists' argument, thai any man can be broken. Any ex- POW would be given the benefit of the doubt if it were established that his collaborative ad.s were the result of powerful mental or physical pressures. "Admittedly." a spokesman said. LITTLE LIZ— PACKAGED ICE CREAM ICE CREAM ICE.CREAM ICE CREAM ICE CREAM ICE CREAM ICE CREAM Guaranteed Quality We manufacture our own High Quality Jc« Cream KREAM KASTLE DRIVE .IN Overeating has often turned cheesecake into poundcake. BM w8 Testimony Over In Rubirosa's Divorce Suit CIUDAD TRUJILLO, Dominican Republic f.4 1 )—The testimony is over is Porfirio Rubirosa's suit for a divorce from Barbara Hut ton. But —the. judge has two months to make up his mind. That's just 12 days less than Rubi and Babs were married before announcing their "friendly separation" March 13, 1954, in Palm Beach, Fla. The Dominican playboy—diplomat's request for legal servance from his latest heiress wife came before Judge Anibal Sosa Ortiz here yesterday. Rubis suit said their 1 characters are incompatible. Rubirosa was in Miami. Fla.. preparing for a sports car race. His wife was last reported in Honolulu, Cops' Curfew Must Be Kept NEW YORK i'/P) — Curfew must ring at midnight for more than 1,500 rookie cops, including four women. Commenting on the rule laid down last month. Inspector John J. Murphy confirmed yesterday that violation of the home-by-mkl- night order meant probable dismissal from the police academy. "Like Cinderella," Murphy said, "if you are not home by midnight, your own home, you've got a good chance of becoming a civilian again." Most of the rookies are about 25, many are war veterans and are marriel. The academy daily routine, including a great deal of physical exercise, involves an 8 a.m. 4 p.m. schedule. It is a three- month course. INDIAN BEAUTY — This was the title given Virginia Whatley of Blytheville and four other girls at Arkansas State College by the student body which will be featured in the College annual, The Indian. All five girls are sophomores. Half Moon News Music Loving, Talking Starling Is7-YearsOld NASHVILLE, Tenn. (fP)— Rastus, a talking starling who digs classical tunes, is observing his seventh birthday. Kastus' birthday isn't known exactly, but it has been fixed at about this time by his owner Mrs. Harry Titus, who found him at her kitchen door with a broken leg In 1948. Since entering the Titus household Rasius has been taught to speak English fluently—naturally, with a Southern accent. Mrs. Titus says Rastus simply loves piano classics, especially Schumann's "Traumerei" and Rachmaninoff's Prelude in C sharp Minor, and sits transfixed as they are played for him by her daughter Virginia. Dr. George R. Mayfietd, author of an outdoor column in the Nashville Banner, says he's heard of talking starlings in Europe, but Rastus is the first to come to his attention in this country. Hollywood Continued from Page 4 inous portrait of her once owned by Hildegarde. Berrys Reconcile LOS ANGELES UP) — Mrs. Maxine Jones Beery, 37, has withdrawn divorce suit against actor Noah Beery Jr.. 41. The couple reconciled after Mrs. Beery had filed suit, charging cruelty. They were married in 1940 and have three children. Mrs. Jim Alexandra, who has been quite ill. is much improved. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Penter of j zsa Zsa Gabor about her dates j Dell visited her parents, Mr. and [ during Rubirosa's absence from Mrs. Ira Hawkins, Sunday. ! Hollywood- Mr, and Mrs. Barnes and family! .. He shou i dn > t vorr _ rm just of McCormick, Ark., were the week- ] d a ti n g friends." end guests of Mr. and Mrs. Guy this would be a pretty general tind of policy. The cases would have to be studied on an individual basis." Must Like the Place LOUISVILLE, Ky. (J?) — Mrs. Elizabeth Scelye left the hospital after treatment for an ankle fracture, Fifteen minutes later she was back—with a wrist fracture suffered in an automobile accident on the way home. An aquatint is an etching on copper or steel with nitric acid, giving the effect of a water color or India ink drawing. Brown and family. NOTICE OF ANNUAL SCHOOL ELECTION, DELL DISTRICT NO. 23 Notice is hereby given that the Annual School Election for the year 1955 will be held in Dell School District No. 23, of Mississippi County, Arkansas, on Saturday, March 19th, for the purpose of electing school directors, voting on school taxes and on such other measures as may properly be submitted at said election. The polls will open at 8:00 A. M. and close at 6:30 P. M. at the following place: Dell School Agriculture Building 1 . GIVEN THIS 24th DAY OF FEBRUARY. 1955. M. R. GRIFFIN, President. R. B. CRAWFOR.D, Secretary. 2/25-3/4-11 Cbrinne Calvet, the French cutie, has been signed for a tele- film series, "Cafe Istanbul." Marlene Dietrich created the role on radio , Virginia Grey is back on the Universal lot after 28 years for role with Rock Hudson in "AH That Heaven Allows." She was movie moppet who played Little Eva there in the 1926 "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Remembers Virginia: "Instead of growing up at home I almost grew up on the set. The film was in production for a year and a half." After25YearsWinchelltoQuitABC "Hobo Day" is observed Aug 27 at Britt, Iowa. It was there the first so-called hobo "union" was formed in 1897. This lamp test shows what a difference Gulf super-refining makes. Gulf refines out the "dirty-burning tail- end" of gasoline—at the refinery—to bring you new, clean-burning Gulf NO-NOX, 1955 No-Nox burns clean like this... and protects your engine like this! Compare clean piston "A" from engine using new NO-NOX with piston "B" from engine using the "dirty-burning tail-end" of gas- oline that Gulf refines out. Both pistons shown here, from Gulf test engines, ran the same number of hours under the same conditions. what's more... No gasoline-no, not a single one-has higher octane than This is GULF'S PLEDGE to the motoring public • We at Gulf make this promise to America's motorists. \Vc will not permit a single competitor—no, not a single one—to offer a gasoline superior to our own .superb No-Nox. • ItisoursincercbcliefthatNo-Nox is the finest gasoline on the market today, and no matter what others do or say we will keep it the finest—in power, in performance, in engine protection. • Tin's is not a boasl, not a claim. It is a pledge to you, the motoring public—a pledge backed by the resources —and the integrity—of the Gulf R<- fim'ng Company. Always remember: Octane alone is not enough. Only a gasoline that burns clean can make its full octane power really work for you. New NO-NOX is super- refined to burn clean for lasting power. Fill up and feel the difference in: • More complete protection than with so-called "miracle-additive" gasolines. • Extra gas mileage in short-trip, slop- and-go driving motorists do most. • Stall-proof smoothness . . . inslant It's super-refined...to burn clean! Tb« '55 gasoline for all high-compression engines starts . . . fast, fuel-saving warm-up. • No knock, no pre-ignition —even in today's high-compression engines. S. E. TUNE, Distributor REFINING CO. PRODUCTS TIRES, BATTERIES, and ACCESSORIES PH. PO 3-3251 NEW YORK Wt-Walter Winohell says he's quitting ABC radio and television by next Christmas after nearly 25 years with the network. He said last night he asked for and received a release from a con tract running into six figures in a letter Peb. 10 to the American Broadcasting Co.'s directors. The commentator expects to stay on the air either with another network or producing his own newscasts. Winchell said an accumulation of grievances resulted in his request for a contract release and added: "I'm very grateful to ABC for granting me what I requested. If nobody wants me in radio or TV I'll just do my column in the (New York Daily) Mirror." Winchell's daily column also is widely syndicated. ABC President Robert E. Kintner said: "Honest Disagreement" "ABC regrets the termination of Mr. Walter Winchell's long relationship with its networks. "An honest disagreement in our relations could not be resolved and ABC felt its long and mutually beneficial association with Mr. Winchell required consent to his request for a release from his ABC contract effective Dec. 25, 1955, or sooner if contractual details will permit." For the last three years Winchell has simultaneously broadcast over 365 stations and telecast over 45 at 9 p.m. on Sundays. Winchell said his TV commitments prevented him the latitude le had in radio when he could broadcast from Miami Beach or Hollywood. He said his grievances came to head when he found what he considered loopholes in a million- dollar insurance policy against accusations of libel, slander and malicious malice. Last month he successfully defended himself In an $800,000 libel action brought against him by two men be labeled on a broadcast as "cancer racketeers." He said he was under the impression that such an action was covered under terms of his ABC contract. But, he said, he discovered that ABC regarded the coverage as the obligation of the insurance company rather than of the network. Also, he said, he was promised an option on 10,000 share] of ABO stock In lieu of a raise In salary. But, he contended, the executlvt who made the promise later professed not to recall it. He said lie had had a $520,000-a- year offer for 45 weeks of broadcasting from CBS six or seven years ago. He added that ABO matched it and he remained wltli that network. ' Navy Can't Accomodate Little Janet WASHINGTON UP] — Janet, little girl who wears her hnir in pigtails and lives out on a rural delivery route, has posed a supply problem for the Navy. Her letter came to the Pentagon today although she had addressed it to "U.S. Navy, Pacific Ocean." She wrote: "Dear sailors "Sand me a salor suit with a nice collar Wrong Number Is Good News BRISTOL, England W'l — Mrs. Georgina Stubbs got the wrong number yesterday and was pleased. Doctors at Southmead Hospital had told the 27-year-old housewife to prepare for quadruplets. She only had triplets—two boys and a girl. Said the beaming Mrs. Stubbs: "Considering we already have two boys .triplets are quite enough." Food tor Thought DENVER Wi — Sign on rear of florist's delivery truck: "Drive carefully or—the next load of flowers may be for you." "Love "Jnnet." Janet, the Navy concludes, must be the "J. Roslund, RD 2, Elizabeth, Pa.," whose name appeal's on the envelope and whose snapshot is enclosed. The "sailors" who run the Navy here as \rell us the one in the Pacific Ocean would like Janet to have that suit with the nice collar but there are a couple of obstacles. The law dosen't allow the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts to send sailor suits to anyone except the Navy's sailors. And if it did, Janet's picture indicates there would be none of that small size. F Make Your Whiskey OLD AMERICAN eiSTILLING co, IRC mix, fij ~ - - - ^ •*' FRIDAY & SATURDAY ONLY Men's Nationally Advertised Jackets Suedes — Gabardines — Wools Smart Styles and Colors MEN'S LEATHER BELTS All Nationally Advertised Fine Quality 45c to $3 Values. Rayon and Wool Hoisery All Nationally Advertised Brands—High Qaulity Long Wearing PRICE H Iff For a Man — Mead's Will Hare It!
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