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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOOTHIAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 291 Blythejrille Courier Blytbevllle Dally Newt Blyttwvllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVJLLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 8, 1955 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Sales Tax Bill Is Delayed Further by House Move Approval Measure Similar To One Defeated In House Earlier By RAY STEPHENS LITTLE ROCK W) — A new attempt to impose a more rigid Sunday closing law on grocery and dry goods stores in Arkansas' larger towns was approved yesterday by the Senate. The bilJ, authored by Rep. Max Howell of Little Rock, was almost Identical to a bill offered earlier by Howel 1. Th a t measure a Iso passed the Senate, but was defeated in the House. Howell said the intent of his new bill Was twofold; It Would help keep holy the Sabbath, and it would equal the competition for business between small grocers nnd big chain stores. The bill won a 26-4 vote from the Senate despite the bitter opposition of Sen. Morrell Gathright, who flayed the measure as a violation of the government principle of separation of church and state. Gathrfffht Opposed H Opponents Force Reading of Journal LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The House in the midst of the increasingly bitter sales tax fight, forced reading of the journal of yesterday's proceedings today in a series of maneuvers in which both administration friends and toes apparently got their strategy confused. Reading of the journal is a formality customarily dispensed with except in stances when someone demands it in order to kill time. The proposed tax increase must clear both houses within the next two and a half days. The Legislature adjourns Thursday noqn. Speaker Charles F. Smith warned the House that reading of the Journal would consume practically the entire day and said rules forbade any interruption of such a reading. This morning Rep. Talbot Peild Jr., of Hempstead County, an opponent of Gov. Faubus' bill to increase the sales Lax from two to three per cent for 13 months, made a motion that reading be omitted — the customary formal motion that someone makes each morning. Demanded Reading Rep. Jack East, Jr., of Pulaski Bill to Tighten Blue Laws Gets Senate Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks Play Center Ridge in State Tournament Tonight . . . North Little Rock, Ft. Smith, Green Forest and Blythevllle Are Four Favorite Teams in Tourney . . . LaSalie Opens Defense of NCAA Title Tonight Against West Virginia . . . Sports . . . Pages fi and 7 ... . . . Editorials , . . Page 4 ... . . . Society News . . . Page 2 ... County, chairman of the Journal Committee, apparently had not been advised of Peild's plan and demanded that the Journal be read. A noisy House voted 51 to 35 to suspend the rules and dispense with the reading but this wasn't enough. Sixty seven of the 100 votes in the House were necessary to carry the motion. Feild told newsmen he made the motion because proponents of the sales tax increase had changed their plan. He said that advocates originally had planned to try to call the bill up in the "morning hour" before the House settled down to its specified Tuesday routine of considering Senate measures. Pcild -suid that last night the proponents decided to try to get ihe bill up as an appropriation inea.siire immediately after the morning hour. Not Appropriations Measure Appropriations measures may be considered at any time. Feild said he nnd other opponents would have objected on grounds that this is not an appropriation measure and the House undoubtedly would have been called on to decide. Mrs. Elizabeth Hendry, the journal clerk, .started the weary task of the reading. Several times an attempt was made by the opposing sides to try to reach an agreement which would permit a declaration that the journal had been read and a ruling by the Speaker that the morning hour had expired. .Speaker Smith said that he would cooperate if an agreement could be reached that the bill would not be called up in the morning hour. Some sales tax proponents demanded that the reading continue. -, ,. . ._, i "Caught In Own Trap" Gathright, u Baptist deacon from R L H Autl of Mississippl ;— r»i,.ff Pine Bluff, vehemently attacked the bill as a "sacreligious" attempt by small grocers to use piousness to gain protection for their business interests. "I too think people oucjht to close (their stores) on Sunday," said Gathright, "but their failure to do so is the fault of the churches and not of the Legislature." "I think it is my duty as a Christian layman not only to observe the Sabbath, but to allow others to do in the way (hey see fit, and don't think its right to do it by legislative act." Gathright added that the General Assembly doesn't have the moral right to "legislate a religious noli' day." Sen. Marshall Shackleford Jr., of El Dorado also opposed the bill contending that it was discriminatory because it covered only grocery and dry goods .stores. Howell explained the several exemptions written into the bill which he said was an effort to strengthen the state's 1887 "Blue Law," 5 Mile Radius First, the bill applies only to within a five-mile radius of towns of 10,000 persons or more. Second, it says rural grocery and dry goods stores may remain open so long as See ASSEMBLY on Page 10 Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Fair and warmer this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. High this afternoon in the low flOs. Low tonight in the micl-jOs to low 40s. MISSOURI — Fnlr and warmer this afternoon and tonight with southwesterly winds 25-35 mph this afternoon; Wednesday fair, windy nnd continued mild; low tonight 35-10; high Wednesday 60 northeast to 7o' southwest. ' Minimum tills mornlnfi—33. Maximum ynHtordny—SO. Sunrise tomorrow—fi:lfl. Sunset todny—6:02. Menu temperature—fl5. rrcdpltfUlon IftBt 24 liOurB to 7 p.m. Precipitation Jan. 1 to (Into—7:25. This "«tfl Last Year Maximum ycBtcnlny—07. Minimum thin morning—38. Precipitation January i to tfnte — 12.10. ' County, .speaking for the advocates, got the microphone nnd snid: "We had no intention of trying to get the bill up in the morning hour. They're caught in their own trap and let them stay there." Apparently, the only faiiit hope left for passage of the tax increase is House action on it tomorrow and quick passage in the Scnae. This appeared highly unlikely because Hou.se opponents have prepared 30 or more proposed amendments designed to cripple or kill the bill. Adoption of even one of these Income Tax Hike Measure Strikes Snag in Senate Bill Is Expected To Die in Revenue, Taxation Committee LITTLE ROCK OP)—The Arkansas Senate, for all practical purposes, today killed the bill designed to get more money from the state Income tax. The bill was consigned by the Senate to the Revenue and Taxation Committee, headed by one of the measure's most outspoken opponents. Sen. J. Lee Bearden of Leachville. Bearden has indicated he will not allow the bill to come out of the committee. Under the rules, a committee can keep a bill 10 days and there are only 2'/ 2 days remaining in this session. Passed by House The administration-backed measure, which would increase the tax an estimated 2!-b to 3 million dollars yearly, got through the House yesterday. It was sent to the Senate immediately after House passage and seven senators objected to a second reading. . Sen. Russell Elrod moved unsuccessfully to have the rule suspended to permit the vote against his motion was 21-12. Foes In Control The result indicated that foes of the tax increase were in control and that the bill still would be dangling when the session ends Thursday noon. The bill wouldn't technically increase tax rates or broaden the tax base. But It would set up a new system of "tax credits," as opposed to the present personal exemptions. Rep. Clayton Little of Benton County, the author, said net result .would be the estimated 2*2 million dollars increase in collections. Little lost in the House with a similar bill earlier in the session. The vote yesterday was 54-43 for the new bill. Leader In Feed Fight Several of Gov. Orval Faubus' chief lieutenants were in the House chamber during the debate and roll call. House opponents took the opportunity during the debate to recall that Little was a leader in the successful exemption of poultry and livestock feed from the sales lax. And to urgings of proponents that the added revenue was needed for welfare clients, Rep. Marcus How of Phillips County declared that "maybe we wouldn't need more money for welfare if we hadn't repealed the relative responsibility law." Eden Urges Chiang To Abandon Islands Asks Removal of Troops From Quemoy and AAatsus PLAN TB X-RAY EVENT — Mrs. Randall Hawks (right) Is Blytheville's general chairman of the free TB x-ray unit which comes to Mississippi County first on April 5 when it will be at Leachville. Goal of the unit is to x-ray 500 persons each day. Mrs. Hawks is pictured with Mrs. Frances Gamniill, executive secretary of the county TB Association, (Courier News Photo) LONDON (AP) — Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden today called on Chiang Kai-shek to wi.Iidraw his Nationalist armed forces from the coastal islands off China. # * X # # # Giving ihe House of Commons a report on his Bangkok meeting with U.S. Secretary of State Dulles and tour of Southeast Asia, Eden praised both the United States and Chinese Communists for relaxing tension over Formosa. Praised U. S. However, he said sounding out Peiping on a cease-fire had led him to "come reluctantly to the conclusion that the necessary conditions for progress do not yet exist." "The U.S, government have already given positive proofs of their WASHINGTON fAP) - Secretary of State Dulles was deslre to relax tenslon and reduce described today as believing the Chinese Communists are not I the risks of war," Eden said. "I bluffing and will shortly make some military move against I am convinced that they wish to see Nationalist-hold islands onnositp. Formosa. conditions created which would put In School flection — Board Races, Bond Issues on Ballot Four school board races, two bond issues and one mil- lage increase issue highlight school elections scheduled for ! March 19 in Mississippi County's 16 school districts. j •* School elections in the remain. Taylor Is Named To Far East Post Will Replace Hull As Commander of U.N. Command Duties Sees Further Chinese Aggression Gfjical Bourses Say By JACK BELL Nationalist-held islands opposite Formosa. ] der of the districts will be more or i Jess routine approval of school mil- j lace rates and election of unopposed school board candidates. Blytheville has the only proposal for increasing millage rates and has one of the four contests for school board positions. Five Mills The Blytheville district is asking The secretary, who returned-;. Sunday from a tip to the Far East, had plenty of opportunity today to outline such a view, either at secret briefings to congressional committees or in a report tonight to the nation. He is making a day of it: The Senate Foreign Relations Committee in the morning, the House Foreign Affairs Committee in the afternoon and national radio-television networks tonight. On TV Tonight | The recorded half-hour talk will i be carried over radio by CBS (10 I p.m.) AB '10:30 p.m.) and NBC (11:30 p.m.). A film will be televised over Columbia (11:15 p.m.). Officials said Dulles appeared .convinced the Chinese Communists would make some move toward carrying out their threats to attack Formosa. He was represented as feeling that military action against coastal islands probably would be coupled with subversion efforts directed at Chiang Kai- for a five mill increase over Its i shek's Formosa refuge and its oui- present 40 mill tax rate. The m-jp OS ts. crease is to be used for erecting and equipping additional school buildings and classrooms. Only two bond issues proposed in TOKYO W — Gen. Maxwell D Taylor was named U. S. Far East th ~ county are at Burdette and commander and head of the Leachville United Nations Command today. ( Burdette has a $35,000 issue up Effective April 1, he will sue-] f or approval and Leachville is asking $36.500. i ceed Gen. John E. Hull, who I retiring at his own request after 37 years in the Army. Appointment of Taylor wa.s expected. He has been given increasing responsibilities in recent months until he commanded all ground forces in Japan, South Ko- Blytheville district has three positions open on the school board with a two-man race in one of them. Paul Pryor, incumbent and president of the Blytheville board, is seeking re-election. He is being a mend merits apparently See SALES TAX on Pii would 10 Chick Boosters To Meet Tonight Chickasaw Boosters Club will meet tonight to make final arrangements for the J. B. Whitworth banquet which also will honor the Chick basketball team. Members may inquire at the desk as to vhfch room the meeting will he held. GETS EAGLE ll.MK'.F — Cnlvln Wllklns lust night received his Eagle Scout budge from his mother, Mrs. T. D. Wllkins. til a South Mississippi County District Court of honor In Luxora. Calvin, n member of Liixorn Air Explorer Post 35, Is one of three boys selected from 3,000 Eastern Arkansas Scouts to attend tho International Jnmborce In Cnmula this summer. Nearly 200 persons were on hnml In last night's court when approximately 90 awards were given Scouts from buxom, Wilson, Osceola, Victoria nnd Reiser. (Courier News 1'holo)' rea and Okinawa. Hull to Washington Hull will spend a month in the | office of the Army chief of staff j^ I year term, and John Caudill, one- year term. Osceola Race A three-way race for two posi- Washington before he retires. He has been Far East commander since October 1953. Taylor assumed command of the 8th Army in Korea Feb. 1!. 1953. opposed by W. H. Wyatt. The term is for three years. re Alvin Huffman. Jr.. 2- Xot Talking He was said to be unwilling, even in private conversations, to spell out American . intentions defense of the Nationalist-held islands of Quemoy and Matsu, just off the Red mainland opposite Formosa. Dulles and President Eisenhower have said Quemoy and Matsu will be defended if attacked by China in an obvious drive to conquer Formosa. Dulles reportedly says he made no commitments when he and Cotton Acreage Hike Approved By Committee Measure Calls for Increase of 259,000 Acres to 1955 Crop WASHINGTON f/Pr—The Senate Agriculture Committee today approved a bill to increase the 1955 cotton acreage allotment by 259,000 acres. Of ' this amount 168,000 acre: would go to provide small growe —with a minimum allotment. The remaining 91,000 acres would be divided among the cotton states to give each a one-half of per! Ft • f ular allot- flOFlQO an end to active military hostilities in the area and reduce the dangers of a wider conflict. "They have effectively restrained the Chinese Nationalists in recent weeks from initiating attacks against the Chinese mainland. They have persuaded the Nationalists to evacuate the Tach- en ,and Nanchi Islands." As for the Chinese Communists, Eden said "for their part they have refrained from attacking Quemoy and he Masus." He expressed hope "they will continue to exercise this restraint and that they will make it apparent that, while maintaining intact in all respects their positioa in regard to Formosa and the Pescadores, they will not prosecute their claims by I forceful means." *|$2 Million Farm Deal By British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden discussed the Formosa situ- j acreage cent increase in its reg ment. The bill differs from one passed recently by the House to increase each state's allotment by three per cent—or a total of 543,000 acres. Under the Senate bill the minimum allotment provided is four ] acres or 75 per cent of a grower's " "J [ highest planted acreage the past ' three years, whichever is smaller. For Hardship Cases Additional acreage provided each state is to be used to relieve hardship among growers whose 1955 ation in the Far East. was cut heavily. This the South Korea will be taken by Lt. Gen. yman L. Lemnitzer, deputy chief of staff for plans and research. Lemnitzer will be relaced by Maj. Gen. James M. Gavin, assistant chief of staff for operations. Taylor is in Thailand to check on the military situation. Known for Bravery He is known for his record of bravery and a quiet, studious personality which does not advertise his knowledge of eight languages, including Japanese, Chinese and Korean. In World War n Taylor went on a dangerous mission behind the lines prior to' the Italian surrender. He joined his surrounded division in the Batogne forest by a daring parachute jump during the Battle of the Bulge. / Clubbers Begin Soap Sale Tomorrow year's allotment was set by Department of Agriculture at 18.113,000 acres, compared with 21,379.000 acres last year. If anything is eoing to be done i Crouthers" Cotton Gin. About 150 or about changing the allotment it j 200 persons live on the land. ' Mr. Crouthsrs still owns about 5.0CO acres m the area Six. thousand acres of Southeast Missouri farm land has been purchased for an estimated $2,000,000 by Mortgage Investment Co. of Osceola, it was disclosed today. The Osceola firm is owned by the Florida brothers and E. M. Radcliffe, president. Mr. Radcliffe handled the purchase from Paul D. Crouthers who owned the land. The property is in New Madrid County in the area of Catron and includes the town of Catron. The sale includes about 60 rural buildings, 18 buildings of which i make up the town of Catron, and $5,600 from Here To Dimes Drive A check for $5.664 has been sent county March of Dimes Chairman James Hyatt in Osceola by Bill Stelnsieck, who headed the Blytheville campaign. .All of this money came from Blytheville. Mr. Steinsieck said, with the following exceptions: Manila — $200. Huffman, Forty and Eight^$139. Number Nine — $102. Yarbro — $177. Armorel — $229. Dell — $290. Some March of Dimes funds are still out, Mr. Steinsieck reported, and this amount does not take in- o account contributions mailed rom Blytheville directly to county headquarters In Osceola. Ike Has Cold WASHINGTON (/P) — President Elsenhower stayed away from his office for a while Mils morning because of "slight symptoms of a cold" but later decided to keep most of his engagements. Mrs. Eisenhower was ill with flu and con- lined to bed. A soap sale gets started today [ by members of the YMCA's club ler and Harold Ohiendorf, defending their posts against Robert F. Morrow. The term is for three years. Osceola district voters also will j members, who'll be cut to raise be asked to approve a 50-mill levy j 5270 which will co toward aiding Y for the coming year. This is the! \vork over the world. same as the present millage,rate. Gosnell district ha,s one five-year term open with two seeking the school board position. ,•,,,. , , Woodrow Cook and B. R. (Pete)! chlded m lhe re?ular , Pate are runnine for the position: Last . vpnr - in a canriy s ; lle raised over $200 for I World Service Fund. will have to be done soon because cotton planting time is nearly here. Various proposals have been advanced. A 348.000-acre increase was promised by Sen. Johnston iD-SC), ' chairman of a .special Senate subcommittee set up to study the complaints of cor ion growers. : The subcommittee onrlier hrid : approved a 543.iK)fi-j-icre increase Memphis Paper Plans Opening Of Off ice Here are running for the position \ being vacated by R. L. Maxwell whose term expires this year. Gosr.cll has a 40-mill tax rate on the ballot, unchanged from last year. Contest At Dyess The other school bonro contest is at Dycss where George Linton is seeking to replace incumbent Wayne Taff on the board in a race for the five-year position. A 40-mill tax rate at Dyess is unchanged this year. Burdette is asking a 45-mill tax rate which includes 5 mills as a continuing building fund tax to pay for the proposed $35,000 bond issue. The millage rate is the same as now levied, however. The proposed bond issue is to be used for construction of a Negro elementary school. The new school building will replace a rented building formerly used for Negro students which recently burned. One position on the school board at Burdette has incumbent Hollis Jumper unopposed for a five-year term. No Increase Leachvllle's proposal for a See BOARD on Page 10 the To stimulate interest in the cam- I'aign. a list of five prizes, is being offered i'>p salesmen in boys' and girls' rhius. Fnzes consist of baseball glove. li.TSkftball and three official base- bnLls for the boys. Girls uiil get a chance at a camera and. four additional prizes. The projects is to end on March 23 and winners will be guests at the annual YMC'A membership dinner at First Methodist Church on March 24. When world service Chairman Harvey Morris will award prizes, Bulletin LITTLE ROCK W) — The Arkansas Senate, led by Sen. Max Howell, today virtually killed by amendment n Iiill ilesijjncd lo main tn In rnclnl xcRrecntioii In the public, schools. The Senate adopted '8-15 on a standing vote two a mend incuts by Howell which say the bill will not take effect until July, 1 Kiwanis Teacher Day Recognized The. Blytheville Kiwanis Club's Teacher Appreciation Week project received additional nationwide publicity this week when it was featured In an article In the March issue of Kiwanis Magazine, official organ of Kiwanis International. The Club's project was outlined briefly in the magazine's "Kiwanis In Action" column. The Blythevllle club inaugurated the project, in which recognition is paid to botli white and Negro teachers of Blythevllle's school district, four years ago. Accept Invitation WASHINGTON (/P) - President and Mrs. Eisenhower have accepted an Invitation to the annual dinner of the Women's National Press Club May 19. would the House bill. After the subcommittee approved this version, however, the full committee directed it. to hold a Hear in? on the m;it'er. Needs Department Approval At. th.i' session Asst. .Secretary of Agriculture ./.imes A. MrCon- ne!I reiterated the department 's opposition to ;in increase m view Sre COTTON on Pace 10 Memphis commercial Appeal's Tn-SUtes Editor Eueone D. Rut- Innd u-ns in Rlythftville today lay me proimdwork for opening of a Commercial Appeal news bureau in Blytheville, it was reported this rnornins. Rutland, accompanied by an- noTher Commercial man, made i inquiries regarding availability of | office space in the cit,y. ! It was miriprstood the two i newspapermen would be in town I several days. *Tj|" U.Mi/f»I/Jv«BS ?*tlfr.-Ml ill 1 By DR. ,1. CARTER SWAIM Dept. of English Bible, National Council of Churches Written for NBA Service Lent is a season of cross-bearing. Jesus declared. "He who don not take his cross and follow Me is not worthy of Me" (Mirk 10:3*. RSV). Note that Christ's cross is something voluntary, something that must be taken up. We bear it, not because it is Inevitable or Inescap. able, but because it is involved in our faithful acceptance of Chriat'i way of life. People sometimes speak of chronic pain, financial reverses, or a wayward child as a cross that must be borne. To be sure, the Christian may endure these with courage and fortitude and make others wonder at the secret sources that sustain his life. These, however, are not crosses, and may not have anything to do with whether we are Christians or not. They are a part of our human mortality. The cross is something extra. It Is something which we carry, not because we cannot escape It, but because we shoulder It willingly and deliberately. Muriel Lester, brought up to a life of ease, found that she could not go on worshipping "the Eastern Carpenter in white Sunday clothes" whom the churches had placed In a stained glass window, For her, being a Christian meant doing something about the conditions under which the Joiners' Union lived I The Japanese ChrUtUn Kagawa gave up an assured position with the government that n« might work among the laboring people of Japan, a Uak wMcb eventually broiiRht him into disfavor with *« government, IM* to what It mean* to take up the oros*.