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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of HOBTHKABT ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MMSQURI VOL. L—NO. 286 Blythevllte Courier Blythcvillo Daily News Blythevtlle Herald Mississippi VaUey Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 2, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Foes of Tax Cut Bill Are Optimistic But House Floor Fight Is Predicted By JOE HALL WASHINGTON (AP) — Foes of a plan lo cut everybody's taxes by $20 next year predicted today the Senate would back up its Finance Committee's rejection of the proposal. But Sen. Byrd (D-Va), chairman of the Finance Committee and one of the strongest opponents of the tax cut proposal, said in an interview the big; fight would come when the bill goes to a conference 'with the House, which has voted a $20-a-head income tax reduction to take effect Jan. 1. Hot. Dispute Soon Both sides in the politically potent disptue were rearing for hot Senate debate, possibly starting- Friday. The Democratic Senate leadership indicated it plans to make a party fight for the tax cut. But one source said about 8 to 10 Democratic senators, mostly Southerners, might refuse to go along, Byrd said he was confident the Senate would not reverse his committee, which yesterday voted 9-6 to knock the income tax cut out of a bill that would also extend corporation income tax and certain excise tax rates for another year. Sen. Millikin '(R-Colo), senior Republican on the committee, expressed a view similar to Byrd's. He said he expected very few Republican senators to desert the »d- mlnlstrntion on the Issue. President Elsenhower vigorously opposes' an income tar reduction at this time because of the continu-, ing budget deficit. i Deadline April 1 Congress is working against a deadline of April 1, when corporation income tax and some excise tax rates are scheduled to drop value before Jan. 1, 1957. The meas- enough to cost the Treasury about I we Is aimed at drastically Increas- three billion dollars a year. Bothji'ig House and .senate bills would extend these rates for another year The Income tax cut wiped out of [he Senate bill yesterday would For the first time the state is MONTICELLO, Ark. (AP) — An Air Force T33 jet train cost about $2,200,000.000 a your. armed with n powerful weapon to e r and a small propeller-driven craft collided and crashed gi ri.± B ^cc rg ^mi^ "^^n^™£ f" 1 , 1 ? mi ' eS(eaSl ' ° f here '° day - AU three men ab ° ard P 3 ™ Democrat, joined with the .seven governmental financial problem in j CnUted 10 salety. Republicans on the group yester- Arkansas. The bill IIAVK SOME BATTER — J. L. Westbrook (left) and Eddie Ford mix a little batter in preparation for the annual Kiwanis Club pancake breakfast tomorrow at the Jaycee Clubroom. Hours for the breakfast are 6 a.m. to noon. Proceeds will go into the club's underprivileged children's fund. Mr. Westbrook is chairman of the event and Mr. Ford led the club membership in ticket sales. (Courier News 1'hoto) Property Assessment Bill Goes to Governor BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Enforced equalization of property assessments — generally accepted as the most far reaching measure of the GOth General Assembly — now needs only the signature of Gov. Orval Faubus to become law. The state Senate approved the House version of the bill, drafted by a joint legislative committee, yesterday, completing action on the measure. Under the hill, .ill real and per** -— sonal property must be re-assessed _ Air Force Jet, Small Plane Collide in Mid-Air AF Plans Wing of 852 Jets By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON (AP) Air Force wing will equipped beginning late this spring with jet-powered B52 atomic bombers. The huge Boeing Stratofortresses (ly over 600 miles an hour and have a range of over 6,000 miles without mid-air refueling. First wing lo get them will be the 93rd Bomb Wing at Castle Air An be West Has Always Held H-Bomb Lead, Ike Says But Size of Margin Is Pointless Speculation, President Admits By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today the Western world has enjoyed a!l along a great lead over Russia in development of hydrogen bombs and atomic weapons. announced"todTy'''Eventuaiiy,*B525| He said he thinks it would be pointless to speculate on how long the lead may prevail. will replace the Strategic Air Com- i He just doesn't know, mand's present fleet of piston-and- jet-engine B36s in all 11 wings. No Reference to "Bugs" Secretary of the Air Force Harold E. Talbolt's official announce- i at 30 per c-ent of actual market the assessment rotes, which now range as low as eight per cent, and boosting local revenue for local services. For l.he first time the state is armed with a powerful weapon to day to knock the $20 provisions out of the bill and to defeat various coopromise proposals. The six committee Democrats who voted for the tax cut announced they would file a minority report by Friday. George indicated in an interview today he might go along with Home compromise "if an impasse develops" in conference. Blytheville Youth Injured Slightly When Hit by Car James Travis Nicholas, 10-year- old of 923 Cliirk. suffered lacerations of the chin and ).ct;s and minor bruises yrsfmlny at. noon when he was struck by a vehicle, driven by Lloyd Roberts of 525 Parkway. Young Nicholas rctuniiin: home to lunch from school on his bicycle, when IIP was hit. Roberts also was going home to lunch. Thn accident occurred at the intersection of Cherry and Lil.lv .-u. 12:30 p.m. The youth was Riven emergency treatment nl Ohicka- sawba Hospital and then n-Ien^ecl. According to invcst.i»ationp Officer Willie Hooper, neither of the two saw the other approaching. says that liny county, school district or city which fails to bring up its assessments to 20 per cent before the deadline can he deprived of a portion of the state oid to which it is entitled. Applies to Cities For example, if n County's as- .sc.s.sm<?nts on Jan. 1, 1957 amount to only 1(1 per cent of market value, ' then that county will lose four per cent of Us turnback funds from the state (government. The same rule will apply to school districts and cities. There i.s a twofold purpose behind the bill. The first is to try to Set enough money from properly taxes — which are levied only by counties, school districts and cities — tn provide a major portion of the money needed to finance those is to reduce state aid. and perhaps stnte taxes, or tit least to hold the line on present expenditures. At present, the slate is bearing most of the cost of local governmental functions, and is under in- crcu.sintr pressure for additional taxalion to meet those obligations. Gov. Fiinbus, who originally sug- n;\'-!cci the t:>x equalization proposal, has offered a bill to the Legislature to increase the state's two per cent, sales tax to three per cent for (he next 33 months. His bill is designed specifically to pro- j vide enough school money until the WASHINGTON i/P) — President! equalization measure cnn be put Eisenhower has named Georpe Wai- into operation, bridge Perkins ns U. S. pern-i.-im'nt, | Individual county tax assessors representative on the North At- j will get the job of equalizing,. Inntic Treaty Council, repairing; sassmcnl..s, but the bill empowers John O. Huphcs, who resigned loUhe stale Public Service Commis- return to private life. ' See ASSKMIILY on Page 2 Perkins to NATO Mnlitalions toi I,KM By I)K. ,!. CARTKR SWAIM Dcpt. of Kngllsh Hi 1 >[<.•, Niilioiiiil Council of Churches Written for N12A Service Lent commemorates the Temptation of Jesus. Matthew 4:1 (RSV) tells us that "Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness." Let us not vocrlook the root me/ming of Hie word "wilderness." Like Lent, It is nn Anglo-Saxon term. It is built up on the roots "wild" and "deer." A wilderness is a tract of land, whether forest or barren plain, that is neither cultivated nor Inhabited by human beings. It is a wilderness, a place for rude and savage animals. Wilderness has acquired a technical significance in our American conservation prognun. A wilderness area is now n section of forest land set aside by the national government for the preservation of natural conditions, either for recreation or for scientific study. Among us, the word wilderness therefore suggests the rank growth of trees and don.se underbrush. The New Testament word, however, refers to a wilderness of another kind, a barreii, desolate landscape which wo should call a desert. The visitor to Pn1n.slinn sees the traditional site of. the Temptation on his way from Jerusalem lo the Dead Sea. Nearby there is a refreshment stand where there are some crudely stuffed wild animals; two porcupines, a jackal, a hyena. These, then, were Jesus' companions during the forty days! Mark Mono remembered to tell us that. Hi* brief account or llu- Temptation Adds a slfcnfflefint drtall not included by Matthew and Luke: "and He wai with the wild h*»aii" (Mark 1:13, RSV). Faubus Thinks Sales Tax Bill Chances Good LITTLE ROCK tfl — Gov. Orval Faubus said today that conferences with House members hud led him to >elieve chances for passing a temporary sales tax increase are "fairly good." "I am very optimistic at the 'moment," he told his news conference. The governor denied exerting any pressure on House members in favor of the bill, which would raise the sales tax from two to three per cent for 13 months. "1 have told them that there will not be enough funds to continue present services without new revenue," he said. "I have asked them what they would rather do, explain to the people that they voted for n tax increase to keep the services or explain lo them why services are being reduced." : Faubus added that. "I have made my choice. I don't want to see old folks cut off the welfare rolls or to see the State Hospital and other agencies operate without sufficient funds." Faubus was questioned about reports that Rep. Paul Van Dalsem, chairman of the powerful House Revenue and Taxation Committee, was refusing <o let the sales tax bill out of committee until the administration agrees to Van Dalsem's bill on distribution of state aid to schools. Van Dnl.sem and Rep. L..H. Autry of Mississippi County have introduced a bill thnt eventually wolud cut out all urban centers from any state aid for education. Faubus said that he has not discussed the matter with Van Dal- scm. 1 Two of the parachutists were picked up by an Air Force helicopter and taken to the Greenvi, Miss., Air Force Base. The third chutist reportedly was hanging from a tree in a swampy, wooded area. No Confirmation The Civil Air Patrol said at 11:15 a.m. (C.S.T) that a helicopter was Irving lo reach him. The collision occurred about 8:40 a.m. There was no confirmation of Ihe crashes or rescue from the Greenville base, which is located about 50 miles east of this south- that the ropeller-driven craft was demolished but did not burn. He said the T33 went down in flames. Greemvay said he had seen the wreckage- of the propeller plane. He said the police officers had not yet reached the wreckage of the T33. Numerous Witnesses L.L. Jones, the mayor of McGehee, a few miles east of here, said he saw a plane go down in a mass of flame. He said he saw one parachute. Numerous other witnesses said they saw the plane burn and crash and observed three parachutists. Barficld Handles Its Fund Drives with Ease Dnrfield wrapped up its Red cross drive in a one-dny campaign yesterday. IL happened like this: Bnrficld has a $100 quota. J. C. Ellis is community chairman for Barffeld. Mr. Ellis gave $100. Bnrficld then became ths first community to reach its goal, rural chairman A. Q. Hnllmnn reported. Inside Today's Courier News , . . Chlckft Piny Manila Tonight hi Quartcr-Finr.ls of District 3A Tournament , . . Arkansas Hatters TCU 110-89 to Let SMU Win SWC Championship , , . Sports . . . Tajfcs 8 and it ... . . . Congressional Pay Increase Makes Sen. McClellan Ineligible for Judicial Position . . . P«*e J . . . Traffic Cases Bring $854 Traffic violations brought a total of $854 in fines and forfeited bonds to the municipal court today on 10 cji.se.s. W. D. Vastblndcr forfeited a speeding charge. Paul Gillard forfeited a like amount on a charge of driving without a license. Troy Equipment Co. forfeited a S75 bond on a charge of hauling for hire without a permit and with improper lease. A $90 bond \vas forfeited by D. C. Sharp on R sim- iliar charge. Ward Transport Co. and Earl Prevatt each forfeited bonds of $125 on a charge of hauling for hire without a permit. Glister Milling forfeited a $75 bond on n charge of violations Act 367 and party to an improper agreement with Arno Winkleman, who also forfeited fl bond of $150 on ft charge of hauling for hire Without a permit and under an improper len.se. Ringle Truck Lines Inc., pleaded guilty on a charge of hauling for hire without a permit and drew n fine of $50 and costs. Robinson Truck Lines forfeited a $125 bond on the same charge. Nautilus in Berth GROTON, Conn. (^)— The atomic submarine Nntulius was back in a berth here today after tsctlng her thick hull agalnnst the pressure of deep water dives for three days Mninc. An announcement on the re.su Its . waa , expected . Irom . the Navy today. ment made no reference to recent j statements on Capitol Hill reporting that "bugs" had developed in the big jet bomber. The timing of the announcement seemed to serve as a reply to those reports. The 93rd wing is now equipped with B47 Boeing nedium jet bombers. More than a score of the eight- jet, swept-wing B52s are understood to have been produced so far by the Seattle plant of Boeing Airplane Co. The company also is beginning to produce B52s at Wichita, Kan. With a minimum of 30 bombers required for a wing of heavies, it may be a year or more before the 93rd is a trained .and combat-ready organization for operation as a unit of the Strategic Air Command. j terday in announcing The B52 uses a six-man crew,! mand for release of 41 American compared with three in the E47, civilians held behind the bamboo medium Jet bomber and 10 in the ] Curtain. Red China again replied B50 piston-engine medium, which I that no Americans are being "un- being rapidly replaced with! justly detained " , .Vo Relations The two countries do not maintain diplomatic relations, but they did set up a system of direct negotiations at Geneva last summer to discuss the cases of Americans Solon Fears Soviet Can't Halt Chinese WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. George (D-Ga) said today danger of war in the Far East may lie primarily in an inability of Russian leaders to veto aggressive plans of the Chinese Communists. George, chairman of the Senate* Foreign Relations Committee, said in an interview he thinks the Red Chinese "may be disposed to press the issue on Formosa" but doubts that the Soviets favor any aggressive move at this time. Some further hope of easing one source of tension between this country and Red China was held out by the State Department yes- ;w de- B47s. First in 1952 The first experimental B52 was test-flown April 15. 1952. Even before that, the Air Force had placed a production order for 50. First production model came off the line last March 18. embodying McCarthy Again Blasts Officers Al Ft. Monmouth Charges 'Grossly Negligent' Handling Of Security Cases By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON ttfi — Sen. McCarthy (R.-W1S) today accused j Army officers of "grossly negligent held by Teiping. Eleven talks have j and incompetent" handling of se- some changes from the experimental model. The B52 has a wing span of 185 feet with wings swept back at a 35-degree angle, and a n over-all j cans needing medical length of 156 feet. Gross takeoff weight (the weight of the airplane, its fuel an. load of bombs) is over 350,000 pounds. Thr big plane been held. I curity risk cases at th: radar labo- State Department Press Officer j ratories at Ft. Monmouth, N.J. Henry Suydam said the Red Chi-1 He mac je public a document al- nese consul general stated Ameri- j i eg j n? tna t "Army officials dis- care would; pj a y e( j an uncooperative and de- Eisenhower's news conference remarks were in response to a re* quest for comment on Prime Minister Churchill's statement yesterday that the United States has "many times" the H - bomb strength of the Soviet Union. Churchill added that Russia would be in a position, however, to launch a full-scale nuclear attack against the United States in two to four years. Pure Speculation A reporter asked whether Eisenhower felt that Russia might be able to pull even with this country in three or four years. After a pause, the President said any conclusions he might make in .hat field would be nothing more than speculation. He went on to say we do know ;hat the Western world has enjoyed a great lead in the H-bomb and the atomic weapons field in general. How long that lead may last 'ie iust doesn't know, Eisenhower said. There does come a time, he said. when if you get a big enough sup- oly of a particular weapon, there is doubt as to whether it Ls important that you acquire a lot more such weapons. The news conference also touched on these other matters: POLITICS — Three times the President laughed off attempts to find out whether he will seek reelection next year. Once was when he was asked for comment on a. statement by Sen. Goldwater <R- Anz) that the Republicans prob- driven by eight Pratt and Whitney See AIR FORCE on Page 2 Weather Delays Big Atom Blast Big Shot of Current Tests Called Off; May Come Off Friday LAS VEGAS. Nev. Iff) — Atomic Energy Commission scientists, after a last-minule conference, called off the ."big- shot" scheduled for just before dawn today. They said weather conditions were unacceptable. A spokesman said that no shot would be fired tomorrow either, but that n weather evaluation session would be held tomorrow to determine if the detonation would be rescheduled for Friday morning. No reason was given for the postponement other than "weather conditions." Presumably winds were too strong aloft. The shot, to have been fired from a 500-foot tower, was the one originally scheduled to open the spring test series. It has been postponed repeatedly. Weather conditions were consid- would be another meeting. Suydam noted that since the negotiations .started, 18 Americans have been freed, and he added: ^ ^ TTI _^ ^ "We naturally hope more will be ] w itrfthe subcommittee's°parcnt. the released." Thc.se negotiations are being carried on .separately from United Nations efforts to obtain release of 15 U. S. airmen who foueht for the U.N. in Korea and were captured by the Chinese. T\vcty - six American civilians remain in jail in Red China. Three are under house arrest, and 12 are denied exit permit?. Dulles to Report Son. Georce said Secretary of 'to the Forei-n Relations Committee on his Pacific tour, which includes a conference scheduled tomorrow with Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader. The Chinese Communists have said repeatedly they intend to as- McCarthy had planned to file the Nixon regarding Nixon's statement document as a report to the Sen- yesterday that he hopes Eisenhow-' ate. In a last minute switch, he e r will run apain. The President announced he was filing it instead sa id he had no message for the vice president but probably would have something to .say to him when Nixon returns Saturday from hia Latin American trip. The third attempt came when a new.sman asked whether it could Government Operations Commit- :ee. Declined to Sign II The subcommittee's three Democratic members declined to sism it, up current espionage Monmouth and "may on the basis of available evidence, still be oper- sault Formosa. Chiang's refuge j ating." which the United States has guar- Secretary of the .Army Stevens antced to defend. George, express-'said during McCarthy's probe that ing belief the Russians don't "want' any war now." said; "But they may not be in a position to veto any move the Red Chinese make. That is the principal danger in that part of the world right now." "The Chinese Communists seem to have adopted the theory of ex- _, declaring in a statement that "we! be laken for Canted ihat Ei.sen- nn nnilhpr -ir-rpnt ihp rrprtit nr i hower will attend the Republican ^ no ™b^ ^^£^^ s w"e | FrancWln August 1956. Eisen- hpld durine six months in which | "ower s hot back * crls P no they boycotted the subcommittee | in a row with McCarthy. The three are Chairman McClellan iD-Ark> and Sen. Jackson < D-Wshj and Symington ' D-Mo i. ' McCarthy'? document said the in- \ vestigations showed that the Rosen-; berg spy ring had stolen Signal j Corps secrets for Russia at Ft ! President would have no occasion ' to go to the convention unless it was to make a speech accepting the nomination. pansion but they will have to depend on the Rusians to provide them with the hardware, the air power and the sea power for any large-scale undertaking. "I believe the Russians are worried by the demands that may be BAFB Light Pact Up Next Runway and approach lighting systems for Blytheville Air Force Base will be •installed under a contract to be awarded by the Corps of the Army's own investigation had! Engineers after bids are received turned there. McCarthy's inquiry was one of the sparks that set off last year's McCarthy-Army hearings, but his report mentioned those hearings only as source material ori what witnesses had said about security at Ft. Monmouth. He urged that the subcommittee continue 'to seek for Communist subversion in the Signal Corps and in related private commercial establishments. Quake Hits Tokyo about April 6. Plans and specifications will be available early next week. Col. Staunton Brown, district engineer, stated today. Modification of existing equipment and installation of approximately 86.000 linear feet of electric cable and copper conductor are among items listed in the Job, Menace Exaggerated? ..CHICAGO UP) — Sen. Fulbright D-Ark. says the 'administration is overemphasizing the Red Chinese ered near perfect when yesterday's small nuclear shot was fired from 300-foot tower on Yucca Flat. Although the blast was in the, lower range of nuclear devices, the j flash was seen in five states within j radius of 475 miles. Atmospheric, maf]e on lhem by lneir Chinese conditions were near perfect. The i p artne! - s because the extent they) TOKYO <IP\ —Tokyo was shaken ! menace. He told a newsman that atomic cloud stretched out nearly i can exert control over them cer-i by a slight earthquake today. There • China won't become a power poten- 200 miles and no radiation fallout ' ...... was reported outside the test site. The AEC said the device, designed by its Livermore, Calif., laboratory, had a yield of "several kilotons." This is a fraction of the standard A-bomb's power of 20 kilotons, or 20.003 tons of TNT. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday; a little warm- tonight. Friday partly cloudy and warm .with widely scattered showers. High this afternoon, high 60s; low tonight, upper 40s. MISSOURI — Generally fair this afternoon and tonight becoming jartly cloudy over, most, of the state Thursday; continued mild; low tonight 30.s north to 40s south; high Thursday's 50s northeast to 60 e tee where. Minimum this morning—42. Mnxlnuim yesterday—70. Sunrise tomorrow—6:27. Sunset toriiiy—,1:56. Menn temperature—56. PreRlpttfitlon Iftst 24 hours to 7 p.m. —D one, Preclnltntlon Jan. 1 10 etatc—6:41. This Date Usl Y«r Maximum yosterdny—60, Minimum this mornLnu—37. "-^clplUtlon January l to date — 1.00, tainly seems uncertain." Uvas no damage. 'tial until it is industrialized. Flying into Atom Cloud Awesome Experience for Five Newsmen Ry BILL BECKKR LAS VEGAS, Nev. lip—What's it like flying throuyh the atomic cloud? Scratch any one of five newsmen .who were on such an Air Force flight yesterday—this one, for example—and you might get five different answers. But agreements would be general on n few things. First, there's the awe you feel for the massive, rolling column of brown and reddish particles of dust and nitrogenous matter towering before you. You have the fa^cimtt- ing beauty—the beauty of a cobra or water moccasin—us It begins to slither across the sky. Rises Too Fast You've heard so many tales of its dendliness that you have relief not to be flying Into the serpent's mouth. The main portion of the cloud, the so-called mushroom, rises too fn.st for a low fly- Ing B25 to touch. Looking up at its brownUh gray underside Is om- inous enough from less than 10,000 feet below. The real testing of its volatility Is left to the P84G Jet flyboys who can hit and run a lot faster and higher than we can. Their job does not arouse our envy. Although the heat has gone out of the cloud, there's a natural apprehension about radioactivity. Despite official assurances that It takes sustained, heavy exposure to get a harmful or even latently injurious dosage of radiation, you can't help but feel that every rule has Its exception—and you'd Just as soon not be exceptional. Feed No Different Yet as the plane pierces the gauzelike fabric of the lower cloud, or stem, you feel no different than on previous flights through nature's clouds, ion chamber .recorders and gelger counters point briefly to figures that would cause an X-ray technician no worry; several hundred mllllorocntgens (MR) could take pictures of your chest or teeth, but lltUe else. The film badge you are wearing looks about the same after 3 hours, 20 minutes of flying as when it was Issued to you. Radiological laboratory development will show exactly how much radiation you were exposed to. Unofficially dosimeters indicated total In-flight exposure of 64 to 78 Mil Inside the plane. Outer surfaces picked up 160 MR. Just Wa«h Them Newsmen's boots registered 6 MR and some had almost that much on their hands. AH they had to do was wash them. Finally, there's the feeling of admiration for the skill and coolnexs of the Air Force men who fly the»e cloudtracklng and sampling missions on every test In Nev«di or the Pacific. They're sclentlot* too, and their competence In collecting data on atomic cloud structure and radioactivity la bulldlnt up * vital find of knowledtt. It could mean th* dlflcrtnc* bt- tween victory tnd defett' la ttx drud *v«at d ttoale WM.