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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 285 Blythevlllt Courier Blythevllle Dally Newi Blythevllle Herald Mississippi Valley Leader BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 1, 1955 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Erupting Volcano Drives Hawaiian Villagers to Cover State of Emergency Declared As Lava Boils Down on Town By ROY ESSOYAN PAHOA, Hawaii (AP) — A spectacular volcanic eruption spouted with new fury today and civil defense officials declared a state of emergency. One small village was virtually abandoned. An estimated 100 acres of sugary cane fields and Limber were ablaze with molten lava. More than 400 persons fled their homes in the path of the fiery rivers moving relentlessly forward. Civil defense headquarters reported tons of fluid rock spreading out in three directions. Fountains of boiling lava shot 50 to 100 feet in the air from four white hot craters rising higher by the hour. The state of emergency will permit officials to -order people out of their homes. Some have refused. Sightseers are stopped at Pahoa. There have been no casualties and no home has fallen before the boiJing streams. Watchful Eye Through the night, officials at Red Cross headquarters in Pahoa High School cast worried glances westward, where fumes were reported breaking out of a new rift of dormant craters five miles from here. "If that erupts, Pahoa will be in danger," said Robert Spence, Red Cross disaster chairman. Early today the main lava stream had traveled about 1\2 miles, and Was still about 4!& miles from the ocean. Police said it was amazing no Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks and Manila Win in First Round of District 3A Tourney . . . Meet Tomorrow Night . . . Spring Baseball Training Opens Today . . . Colorado Wins First Blf Seven Cage Crown . . . Sports .... Pages 8 and 9. . . . How the Air Force Began . . . Picture Feature . . . Page 5. one was hurt among the estimated 20,000 sightseers whose cars choked five miles of access roads from the eruptions to Pahoa. Started Yesterday The eruptions started at 8:10 a.m. yesterday when a cane field five miles southeast of Pahoa in the Puna district blew up in a shower of molten lava. Since then three other fissures have opened, filling a blazing triangle bounded by the villages of kapoho, Opihikao and Pshoa. It was the first sign of life from Puulenn crater in more than 50 See VOLCANO on Page 3 RED CROSS DRIVE STARTS — Alvin Huffman, Jr,. (left), genera) chairman for the Red Cross fund drive which opened today, is shown with Fred S. Saliba (center), Blytheville chairman, and 0. E. Knudsen Just before workers got started in downtown Blytheville this morning (Courier News Photo) Already, Mr. Huffman pointed out, some 51,735 in advance of solicitation has been collected. This Includes the following donors: $350—Ark-Mo Power Co. $20i)~Federal Compress. 150—Miss. Co. Electric Co-Op. Inc. 110—Hays Store & Implement Co. 100—Cobb Funeral Home, BLy- theville Water Co., First National Bank, Farmers Bank & Trust Co., Ritz, Gem & Roxy Theaters, R. D. Hughes Gin Co. 75—Coca Cola, Arkansas Grocery & Central Cash & Carry, Blytheville Fertilizer Co. 50—-KLCN, Jiedel's Inc., Hufl- man Bros. Lbr, Co., Missco Implement. Missing A-Scientist In Russia British Expert Blasts West in Letter to Paper By STANLEY JOHNSON MOSCOW (AP) — Bruno Pontecorvo, the Italian-born British scientist who disappeared from the West in 1950, said in a letter to Soviet newspapers today he has been working on "peaceful" atomic "i the Soviet Union Sen. Knowland Predicts Veto of Income Tax Cuts Prospects of Bill] Getting Through Senate Are Dim The letters accused Britain and I WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Krov.-land (R-Calif) said at the Wiiiie House today he "would not be surprised" if Secretary I of the Treasury Humphrey the united states of "usin and nuclear weapons as of achieving world domination" and appealed to Western scientists to protest against the use of atomic energy for military purposes. (Pomecorvo took part in British- I rprn mmpnriprl that Prpsirlpnt T recommended mat nesmeni / atomic mean* | Eisenhower veto any bill providing for a S20 per person income tax CUt. The Senate Republican leader made the statement to newsmen after he and other GOP congres- American work on the first atomic | sional leaders had held their regu bomb. .The U.S. Joint Congression- 1 lar weekly meeting with the Presi- al Atomic Energy Committee in | dent. Fire Department Gets New Funds';Faubu$ f Sales lax In 5 5 Budget Submitted by Mayor grease Bill Gets Coo! Reception Brilliant New A-Flash Lights Nevada Desert LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AP) — The third shot of the 1955 atomic tests converted the predawn darkness into daylight for a brilliant moment at 5:30 a.m. today. Observers here said it was the largest flash of this year's series. H flared yellow at first, then orange and finally faded away. The flash lighted up light clouds and flash seemed to go up un- The flash was plainly visible in Los Angeles 250 miles to the south- Expenditure of some $348,880 by the city of Blytheville during 1955 is being proposed by Mayor E. R. Jackson in a budget to be submitted to City Council at its next regular meeting March 8. Largely on the basis of increases* for the fire department in an ef- ' fort to retain Blytheville's present sixth class rating, the proposed budget contemplates expenditure of approximately $23,000 more than 1234.5M spent by the city last year. .Proposals for Fire Department expansion and addition of new equipment to meet requirements of the state Insection and Rating Bureau call for exendltures of $61,600 this year. S44.000 Increase This is an Increase of aproxl- mately $40,000 over last year's expense of $20,844.46 Tor operation of the department. Largest Item In the estimates for the fire department is S33.000 for purchase of a new aerial truck, and construction of additional sleeping quarters In City Hall for the larger full-time staff planned. These are requirements listed by state off! clals. Another $15.000 Is listed for salaries of seven full-time firemen. This item is increased considerably over last year because it includes provision for four more full-time employes than the department has had In the past. Estimated revenues for the year, listed in the proposed budget also show a sizeable Increase over 1964. Millage "Take" Up With a large increase In county millage revenue, coming mostly from the 3-mill road tax which is being collected again for the first time In two years, anticipated revenues are listed at $381,400. This compares with $357.828.55 In receipts last year. Neither of these figures incluldes funds on hand at the beginning of the two respective years. Surplus funds were $17,000.60 as of Jan. 1, 1954 and $39,231 as of Jan. 1, 1955. Budget estimates of revenue and proposed expenditures for this year liidlcnle thnt the city's year-end net revenue will be $24,110. This will compare with last year's net profit of $22,000 and will go into the general fund along with the $30,231 surplus the city had on hand at the beginning of the present year, Opponents Begin Delaying Tactics To Block Vote 1951 rated him a-s a "first - class scientific brain" and "a storehouse of knowledge about Anglo- American - Canadian atomic projects." It said he also had, knowledge of later hydrogen bomb developments.) j Working In Moscow j Pontecorvo's identical letters, the first definite word of him since his disappearance, appeared in Pravtia and Tzvestia, the Soviet Communist party and government newspapers. Without saying so specifically, they indicated he is working in Moscow. Asserting he quit the West because preparations there for military use of atomic energy made him "ashamed of my profession," the letters said: "The atomic threat hanging over the world forces me as a scientist having- relations with atomic problems to make the present statement. ". . . The imperialists of such countries as the United States and Britain are subjugating the discoveries of atomic energy in preparation °f a new war, using atomic and nuclear weapons as a means for achieving world domination." Pontecorvo said he was convinced that the "chief attention of scientific forces in the Soviet Union is directed toward using this greatest scientific discovery (atomic energy* for the welfare of See SCIENTIST on Page 3 Knowland declined to say whether Eisenhower himself gave any indication whether he would veto ,n income tax reduction measure. In response to a question, however, the senator said that he personally would recommend a veto. Knowland said he was thinking specifically of such a bill as the House approved last week. In addition to calling for a. s20 income tax cut for everybody starting next year, the bill would continue corporation and excise taxes at their present levels beyond April 1, when they are now scheduled to drop. The administration wants the prevailing- rate on corporation and excise levies continued. Prospects Dim Prospects for getting the bill through the Senate Finance Committee with the personal income tax cut provision in it already appeared dim. "The show's over," said one committee Republican, asking anonymity, when he heard that Sen. George (D-Ga) had stated he would vote to knock out the cut. In any event, the issue appeared likely to be carried to the Senate floor later in the week. Republicans said their seven committee members were holding TON'E, PLEASE — L. D. Garner Cleft), Bell's wire chief here and fast aeainst the cut. although some , Switchman Bob vvalden work on a new piece of equipment in South- expressed uncertainty about Sen. I . • - .. , . . . Approximately $12,000 of the increase In county millage revenue is expected to come from the county 3-mill road tax. Expected mill- flge revenue for this year is $56,000 while last year's income from the county taxes was $42,555. One other source Is expected to provide a major revenue increase over lost year. $30,000 In Rent* Thk is the Veteran's Housing Unit at Blytheville Air Base. Rents from expanded operation of the unit are expected to rise $14,000 from $14,451.08 last year to approximately $30,000 this year. Another revenue item shows a large gross increase over last year, though the not payment to the city remains about the same. This Is payment by Arkansas Missouri Power Compnny to the city. Under terms of the franchise, the power company pays the city a certain percentage of gross profits At* FIRE on P»f« ft County Lacks $7,000 in Its TB Campaign Mississippi County is about $1,000 behind in its quest for a $12,000 County Tuberculosis Association fund campaign, First report showed a total which was just short of the $11,000 mark, W". J. Denton, county seal chairman, stated today. A Certificate of Award Is to be presented Mr. Denton and all community chairmen will be recognized for their work at the Association's annual meeting. Executive committee of the Association meets at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning In the Association's offices in Blytheville. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and cooler this afternoon and tonight. Clear to partly cloudy and mild Wednesday and Thursday. Moderate to locally heavy showers again Friday or Saturday. High this afternoon, mid to high 00H. Low tonight, mid 30s to low -MB. MISSOURI — Clearing northeast mostly fair elsewhere this afternoon; pnrtly cloudy with occasional showers south cast and extreme south tonight and Wednesday forenoon; not quite so warm south this afternoon; low tonight 25-30 extreme north and 36-40 south; high Wednesday 40 extreme northwest to hear 60 southwest. Minimum this morntng—at. Maximum yeslcrclny—70. Sunrise tomorrow—9:27. Sunact today—3:36. Mean torn pern tu re—M.S. Precipitation Iftlt 24 hour* to 7 p.m. —.50. Prrclpitntion Jnn. 1 to rtutt—A:41. Thin luif I «•( YMF Maximum yctterdny—90. Minimum thli morning—M. PreolplUttOft J»IUI»T 1 to dtt* — 11.0*. west. Cloud Formed Shortly after the flash, the familiar mushroom cloud formed, rising straight into the still sky. In darkness, the cloud was a deep blueish purple .shadow. Gradually the top turned pink from reflected light of the sun, which had not yet risen. The shot went off about 70 miles northwest of Las Vegas. Low hills lay between the 3.00-foot detonation tower at Yucca Flat and this re- i sort city. j No appreciable jolt was felt here. ' The lack of wind allowed the | LITTLE ROCK '.Pi — Gov. Orval; Fnubus' proposal lor a temporary [ sales lax increase got the coolest i of receptions when it arrived in j the General Assembly yesterday. | Opponents of the bill promptly j started delaying tactics designed : to keep the bill from coming up i for a vote. Any delay will hurt the j bill's chances because there are only eight working days remaining in the legislative session. In tho Senate, a move to place the bill on the calendar — and put it into position for prompt consideration — was rejected. The Senate voted to send the bill to the Revenue and Taxation Committee, where it is certain to receive stern opposition. Objection to the routine "second rr.iehnf,'" of the bill in the House left the measure lying dormant on the cierk's desk. Under legislative ruins, a bill must be read twice 1 it ran be sent to committee. cloud to maintain a perfect mush-1 The effect of the House maneuver room shape as it rose and ex-! i.s to cut one extra day off the time panded. Newsmen Track Cloud Earlier reports from the Southern California city said many householders there had set their alarm clocks so they could rise in time to see the flash. A group of newsmen will track the atomic cloud for the first time. Scheduled to take off in a B25 15 .minutes after the detonation, the reporters were prepared to fly a regular fallout, - tracing mission with a crew picked and trained by the Air Force, Along with 18 other aircraft from Indian Springs Air Force Base, near the test site, the plnne was designated to follow the ntom- ic cloud for a minimum of 2'/a hours. Newsmen Listed Extra radiation monitoring equipment was loaded on the plane for the benefit of the observers. Including Gladwln Hill, New York Times; C. V. McKtnlay, representing the Lns Vegas Sun and United Press; Joe McClnin, Las Vegas Review-Journal; Julian Hnrtt, Los Angeles Examiner nnd International News Service, and Bill Becker, The Associated Press. The Indian Springs plnncs (ire a vital pnrt of the radiological safety team thnt protects the public from fallout from the atomic cloud. The Air Force usually has about 100 men aloft tracking clouds in each test. Additionally, the AEC nnd U.S. Public Health Service have 100 radiation monitors on the*test site, nearly 200 persons within n 300- mile radius, nnd perhaps 500 others at various Weather Bureau nnd AEC stations throughout the nation. Under wcnthor conditions prevailing now, it takes the atomic cloud from 48 to 72 hours lo reach the East Const. The AEC snld radioactive clouds from Nevnda shots never have blown westward. Jaycees Vote To Handle NCPC Again Blytheville Junior Chamber of Commerce last night voted unanimously to sponsor the National Cotton Picking Contest again this year. The proup also voted to sponsor the candidacy of Joe Warren for vice president of the Arkansas Junior Chamber of ComniPrce at the state convention at Harrison m April. Chairman for this year's cotton picking contest, which will be the 1,5th annual presentation. is to be named soon, Jaycee President Frank Harshman said. Malone (R-Nevt. Malone declined to say how he would vote. But with Chairman Byrd (D-Va) and George committed to vote to [ strike out the tax cut. the GOPJ side could win even with one de-: fection. . | Compromise Proposed j Sen. Barkley (D-Ky) proposed aj compromise to put into gradual j | effect the income tax reduction, j i It would provide a SlO-a-person cut i | in 1956. $15 in 1957 and $20 starting j i in 1958. This attracted no. imme- I diste support from those opposing any cut at this time. ! The House bill would make the S20 - a - person reduction effective ! .Jan. 1 next year. It would cost | the. Treasury about. S3,200.000.000 a year. : It would also extend for a year the present corporation and excise , rates scheduled to drop April 1.j This provision, asked by Presidpm ; Eisenhower, would continue abo'i three" biilion in annual revenue. Secretary of the Treasury Hum phrey vigorously attacked the $20 for consideration of the bill. 13-Month Boost Faubus' measure seks to boost j the sales tax from t\vo to three j per cent over a 13-month period. | The governor estimates that the | bill will provide 14 million dollars ! A*, ——x^— in new revenue, most of which will j f Q55G5 co to public schools. It was the distribution of funds sql out in Faubu.s' bill which .spurred the delaying action in the House, legislators from counties in which the six .state supported collies are located objected to un- Congressional Pay Hike Bill equal distribution of money. The amount .set aside Tor the col- loses ranged from .26 per cent for Henderson late Teachers of Ark- adclphia to .66 per cent for Arkansas late of Joncsboro. Paubus' bill is (he third sales tax boost proposal now before the Legislature. Organized school forces arc pressing for an increase over a Iwo-year period, and Rep. W. L. Ward of Lee County has introduced a bill for a year's increase. However, Ward sponsored Paubus' bill yesterday, indicating he won't push his own measure. All three measures are designed lo provide enough money to carry the destitute schools until local property lax assessments can be equalized. Of Ihc estimated 14 million dollars to be provided annually by Ihc measure, $10,300,000 of It would go to public schools. Cl 19 Foils; One Reported Killed TOKYO,(/}')—The U.S. Air Force snld a twin-engined C119 ftyinpt hoKcnr cnuthcd tonight, 18 miles north of Ashiya Air Base in Kyushu island. A spokesman snid all seven men Aboard bailed out over wnter and were picked up by rescue crews, One mnn died later. Names were withheld. F u r t h e r, he s.iid the Umir-n Starrs hr.s an ovfnvhelniinc :e;m over Soviet Ri:>.=i:i in the "know- led ere nr.d power to mnice nucleni 1 weapon = ." "The ihre.'U of s hydi')-^ ,•>:plan yesterday before the commit-i tack on ihe.^e i?Inntis 1;^ m 'iv tee, arguing it could set off an-1 future." Churchill told t!i<? Hnu -c other round of inflation. He termed [ of Commons in opening a dc-b.iie "strictly phoney" a compromise j on defense pUinmne. advanced by some Democratic pen-1 --jj- j^ nn i \v::h us no'.v. a^ o:\i- western Bell office which will provide new dial tones, busy signals and audible rings for all city telephones. The S15.000 piece of-equipment goes into operation in about three weeks. (Courier News Photo) Churchill Tells Commons— U. 5. Has Big Lead In H-Bomb Output LOXDOX iAP) — Prime Minister Churchill said today the United States is the only country in the world able to deliver a full scale hydrogen bomb attack "on a few hours notice." '.-,-por.?,. Of these, the United :,;'rs ;? ovenvhflmmply the chief." Church:!! ?n;d Britain has slart- i !n;iii:ri^ a hydrogen bomb. •;:iid the United States nm.-u be able in the !• (o strike at a num.- WASHINGTON w — congress gave final approval today to a 50) per cent pay increase for its members, raising them to 522,500 a year. House .passage sent to President Eisenhower the bill accepted by the Senate yesterday. With the President's signature, the lawmakers will begin drawing the higher pay KS of March l. It is the second major piece of domestic legislation to clear congress in this session. The first was a bill continuing GI educatiqnal benefits for men who entered the armed services prior to Jan. 31. House leaders sought to pass the pay proposal on a voice vote, with relatively few members present. But Rep. Gross (R-Iowa) forced a roll call. Fertilizer Use Session Friday Fertilizer use and soil testing will be featured topics of discussion at n conference on cotton production In Manila Friday. The session gets started al 10 a.m. and will, be conducted in Manila's vocational agriculture building. On hand to answer questions will be Woody Miley, extension service soils specialist; Dick Mnplcs, head of the university's branch soil analysis inboratory at Marlanna, along with county agents and vocational agriculture personnel. The meeting lic. on«n to the pub- ators to make the effective date for the S20-a-person cut July 1, 195fi, and to continue the corporation and excise rates until then. Advocates of this plan had been hoping George, the dean of the committee and its former chairman, would go along with this. But he dashed their hopes, although he left the door ajar slight- See TAX on Page 3 ing to the mfoirnauon which we have been able to obtain." Opening a debate in the Hou.ie of Commons on Britain's defen.se plans, the Prime Minister declared: "Overwhelming Chief" "Only three rounnre? posse??, in varying decrees, the knowledge nnd the power to make micleur !)(•:• of Connnuni.si bases in the :;:vi !'"'.v hours and deal a paralyz- •r.™ blo\v nt the outset. • T ii f :• P is mi defense — no .ib.-oluie defense — against the r.ycirogen bomb.' 'he said. By DR. J. CARTER SWAIM Dept. of English Bible, National Council ofChurchc! Written for XEA Service Lent is a Christian custom, yet Jesus gave no rule for its observance. In connection with what He had to say about fasting, older versions of the Bible read: "Thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly" (Matthew 6: 18). The Revised Standard Version dt this point has rather: "Your Father who sees in secret will reward you." Why did earlier translations add "openly"? Remember that until the invention of printing, all Bibles were copied out by hand. Scribes sometimes wrote words in the margin. Later scribes included these notes in the text, with the result that old documents kept getting longer. Some copyist, reading God "will reward you," wrote a marginal note to the effect that this reward would be outward and visible. His successor, careful to leave nothing out, included this ns a part of the saying of Jesus. Discovery of older manuscripts proves that the original saying of Jesus read simply; "Your Father who sees in secret will reward you." The Sermon on the Mount begins with a warning against re- ligfon which is external: "Beware of practicing your piety before men" (Matthew 6: 1, RSV). If Jesus had gone on to guarantee that God wolud give open rewards, thnt would have been a denial of the very point He sets out to makcl Actually, It accords with our human experience that God's rewards are inward and secret rather than outward and obvious. God's rewards come to us In the satisfaction and deltRht we hfivc In doing HU will. Perhaps only we ever know About them. Nothing New On Bonk Job JOINER — There were no new d tlrpiLPts f rly this morning in th< \tt-\irrt robbery of .51,990 [ n ht 1 Jo i ri branch of Missis- ,jpi County Bank of Osceola, ac- (nrdinG to Sheriff William Berry- ni;in. The bank was entered and the vault combination unlocked with •he loss of SI.990 in currency sometime between Saturday evening and Monday morning. Investigation was proceeding to- dny with the FBI and Mississippi County officers working together on the case. Assault- Case Is Bound Over Charges have been filed in Criminal Division of Circuit Court neainst Leslie Hill. Hill is charged with assault with the intent to kill In ft case bound ovor from municipal court. Hill Is charged with the snooting of M. C. Curry with a .22 caliber rifle. The shooting occurred during an argument over money. In municipal court. Hill's witnesses stated he shot M. C. Curry wfth the rifle. According to police officials, Curry was struck In the side of th« neck with a bullet from t .22 oil- ber rifle and the bullet cam* out an the other side. Hill has been t* a murder charg«.