El Paso Herald from El Paso, Texas on April 20, 1912 · Page 9
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El Paso Herald from El Paso, Texas · Page 9

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Saturday, April 20, 1912
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Real Estate and Too Late To Classify Real Estate and Too Late To Classify Berlin Cable Budget Germany Plans Naval Base Oa North Sea Ancient Tower In Rome Is Restored Cable Budget Emperor William Decides to Establish Naval Base on; North Sea. j 1 GERMAN SOCIALISTS DENY RACE SUICIDE Kee, it is alleged, endeavored t< low the money, which consisted of eight tens and a $20 bill. The money was recovered, it is said, though slightly mutilated by mastication. The'city council has officially can- rassed the returns in the election for 14 free holders who will frame a nev.’ city charter for Globe. I'he following "were declared elected: X. M. Allred, R. W. Grabe, A. T. •Hammons, John JTarper, Harry C- Houser, J. J. Keegan^ R. D. Kennedy, J. T, Kinvig, Sid F. Mauk. R. W. Wayne, W. J. Porter, ,T. N. Purdum, A. W. Sydnor, John Warren. Each one was ¡)resented -with a certificate and the law provides that they meet and organize w'ithin the next five days, after which they will commence active work formulating a new charter. It is believed that the short ballot; commission form of government, modified: initiative, referendum and recall; mujiicipal oAvnership and broud powers of financial obligation will be the principal features of the new charter, since a majority of the freeholders have expressed themselves in favor of th.ese things. The charter will be referred to the people for .their ratification or rejection after yf is completed. Thirteei/politicians appeared at the Roosevelt rally here. It is said the formation of a Roosevelt league in Phoenix has been postponed for a week. RUINS OF SPRUCE TREE HOUSE Tumbling Caused of Great Tower Consternation in Eternal City. / AFTER TEN YEARS IT IS AS IN OLDEN DAYS Berlin, Ger., April 20.—Emperor "William visited Cuxhaven before leaving for Corfu and held conferences there with high naval orncors. • and he has now decided to establish a war harbor there. At present the only naval harbor on the North Sea is W'il- helmshaveti, w’hlch is not capacious enough to accommodate -----------uoy-l iri decided “Von der more vessels than are comprised in the first squadron. As it has just been d^^cided to transfer the big new cruiser Tann” and several others from the Baltic to the North Sea, it becomes nec- essory to increase the harbor on tliat coast of Germany. The change is dictated by that Britain has the its naval strength in and it has come to be German naval men and laymen that the German navy will find its chief use in that sea if it should ever com© into- action. Rnt'o Suicide In Germany. suicide is encouraged by of Prof. Julius Breslau imi- facllities the fact larger part of the North bea, axiom with as well an That race Socialism is the opinion Wolf, the economist of ___ versity. He attemps to prove this by studying the election returns of different parts of Germany In comparison w'ith the birth rate. He found that the birth rate in Berlin in l'908 was only 1000 of the population, and of the Berlin voters supported Socialist candidates In the previous year. For the whole province of Brandenburg, t)ie birth rate was 28.4 and the ¡Socialist vote was 40.6 percent. On the other hand, in the province ^ of "West Prussia the birth rate was j the Socialist vote only seven ] Posen the figures i General Knowledge Is No Longer Desired in Business and Professions. i:3.H that per 66 percent TEACHING TEACHERS NEWEST PROFESSION ; î 8.5,' and pet-cent, were 29.'( while in per thousand and nine per- Wolf does not fair and known fact spread more with Inrge cent respectively. Prof. confine liimself merely to demonstrating his opinion with statistics, but also tries to show that the irreligious or atheistic opinions of most Socialists are unfavorable to the production of large families. The Socialists meet Prof. Wolf’s views by pointing out that a comparison of the two almost purely agricultural provinces of West Prussia and Posen with Berlin is un- misleading, since it is a well- that Socialist opinions easily in crowded cities industrial establishments, where the struggle for existence is sharp. Moreover, this struggle itself, j say the Socialists, makes for fewer j marriages and fewer births. I ’“tTew 31 ethod for DS.scoverlng Ore. | A now method for discovering de- j posits of ores, coal and oil, has been j bv Prof. Jacob Koenigsberger. | in many boreholes ) as dei, found, the rate rate at about Fahrenheit, but found After taking i:ests ___. w'ith the most varied local surroundings, lie iound that the rate at which the earth’s crust grows warmer at lower levels is far from uniform. ITe gives thi^ average è4 feet for one degree 1-----near a seacoast it requires as much 200 feet in some cases to get one degree higher temperature. It was however, that over coal deposits is only 47 to 55 feet. Oil heats the earth still more ' rapidly, causing a gain of one degree 15 to 20 feet. It is believed that _____ berger’s investigations will prove of great use in prospecting for mineral and oil deposits, since it will be determine by taking the for every Prof. Koenlgs- possible to determine u> temperatures in a borehole several hundred feet deep whether it is approaching valuable deposits: and it will not be necessary to waste large sums ot. money in boring verj’ deep holes without discovering anything. A Costly StruKsrle. It Is a costly and unpromising struggle that Prussia is w^aglng to convert the Polish province into German territory. It has cost the government not less than $6,000 for every German fam- brought into th' the Germanisation of lation is Tnaking no progress IS ^X\^hat — iiver, notwithstanding the settlement of Qiltnnans in the two provinces from other parts of the country. This conclusion is warranted by the annual report just published of the Settlement commls.slon, the public board having charge of the work of buying PoJisli lands and parceling it out and selling it to Germans. From a total of 85,600 acres of land bought in 1905 the purchases of the commission dropped last year to only 22,076 acres, and of this latter amount only 2,970 acres were bought from Polish owners. All the rest was bought from Germans. The total cost of the government’s land purchases since the year 1S86, when the commission began Its work, has been above $90,000,000. Durlnff this period 19,570 families, consisting of 141,200 persons, have been settled on the land parceled out by the commission. More than one-fourth of these families, however, w’ere already living in the two provinces. :Making an allowance for this fact It appears that the number of German families brought In was only 14728. and this number includes nearly 5,000 families of Germans from Russia. * Many people think that the success of the commission has been very disappointing considering tho huge sum of money spent. PRESBYTERY MEETS WITH GLOBE CHURCH Work of Framing New Charter for Globe to Be Taken Up. Globe, Ariz., April 20.—The Southern Arizona Presbyterians are here for Presbytery, which w'lll last until Monday. Prominent ministers of the Presbyterian church from all over Arizona are here to address the Presbytery. Six Mexicans, charged with entering and robbing the store of the Miami Mercantile company, on April 9, hare been arrested. The grand jury has indicted J. S. McKee for grand larceny. McKee, it is alleged, appropriated $100 in currency which was the ]>roperty of one Gleason. When the officers airestcu him, Mc- (B 5 ' Frederic .T. Ilaskin.) Washington, L>. C., April 20.—Time was when there were but three professions, law, medicine and theology. The universities turned out lawyers, clergymen and physicians, and men whose lives were to be devoted to any other i work were not considered to be worthy j objects of higher education. T^w was i taught to students of law by lawyers: f theology was taught to students of theology by doctors of divinity; and medicine was taught to medical students by ph 5 ’sicians. It was not deemed necessary for teachers to be, above all j things else, teachers. ; All that has changed. The change ! came with the era of specialization, i and largely on account of its more Hq- ) uid constitution, has been most heartily | v.elcomed by the American university. ,\o Call for 31edlority. The ‘spirit of the American university ! has said that in this utilitarian age, ed- i ucation must be of practical value. | While general culture is not over- i looked, new courses of ' training are | being developed which will fit a man ; or a woman to enter at once upon a re- j munerative work. The demand for the j properly trained worker is greater than i the supply. While for mediocrity ther*i j is little call, the expert may be sure of a comfortable income in whatever vocation he chooses. There are lawyers, doctors and preachers enough, but there are too few highly trained men in the newer professions. It sounds like a paradox, but it is true that the profession of teaching is the newest profession of all. The time has passed when knowledge of a subject is considered sufficient training for a teacher. Now the fact is recognized that a man may be a scholar without being able to produce scholars. A knowledge of pedagogy is as important as a knowledge of a subject, if one is to be a successful teacher, even in a special subject. The different departments of the great universities supply the means of gaining the know'ledge of the special subject and in addition, their colleges of education now train the expectant teacher in the practical methods of teaching his science to others. This is one of the newer developments of edu- ntional work. W’ithout it, a complete utilization of all the resources of the expensive equipment of the university plant could not be secured. i lletter Training Xeeded. •While the normal shcools of the American public school system are admirably filling their part In training teachers for w’ork in tho elementary schools, there has be<^n until lately a lack of facilities for training teachers to teach in the higher schools and colleges. On account of this the time of the universities ha-s been wasted by the admission of students who were not l>roperly prepared. This fact wn.s recognized some years ago by the National Education association and as a result most of the largest universities of the country are now provided with a department of college ediication. The American university was the first to recognize the value of education as a science in Itself. I..efes than 50 years ago, a prominent English educator opposed the establishment of r chair of education in 'the University of St. Andrew's, declaring that there could be no such thing as “a science of education.” Now' the Englisii universities, profiting by the work done in the United States, teach education, although department in America. The first professor of education in an lOngiish speaking university died less than tw'O years ago. He held the first chair of this subject In the University of Michigan. Nlw there are over 200 colleges and universities In tliis country having a professor of education. In the larger institutions, the subject of education has advanced from a struggling department In charge of one or two mediocre professors, to n school or college of education having a faculty of high priced experts who teach each subject with special skill. The University of Chiago includes 10 main subjects In its department of education besides a large number of minor branches. In order that those preparing for educational ivork may have practical experience the university maintains system of eiementary schools. These serve the organized as in teaching, a complete and secondary the students in education as laboratories for their worij; just as the physic.il laboratories help the students in that department. Education is thus placed upon a scientific basis and the students gain a knowledge of the principles of educational psychology, % hoo] organization and methods, and a sui"iey of the his- (.Contiiiued on Next Page.) Rome, Italy, April 20.—Aa the Venetians stood about the utter ruins of tlieir campanile, just ten years ago, to them it seemed irrevocably lost, “gone glimmering through ihe dream of things tliat were.” In those first moments the disaster appeared irremediable, but still there is their tower today, refashioned just as before, and they rub their eyes almost thinking it all a bad dream. The campanile fell on the morning of .July 14, 1902, and already in the spring of the next year work had betn begun on the new structure, but not before much time had been lost and angry passions roused over the form it should take and where it should stand. One party argued that the ancients when ona of the great buildings was destroyed' did not erect another just like it in its* place, but built the best which living architects coiilJ produce. ’I'hey also said that the oUl tower had broken the symmetry of the piazza and that thus the site of the new structure I should be elsewhere. The othei- party was for an absolute rei>roduction of the j old tower and in the old place, and it wou the day. Xot So Had A m Imftslned. It was soon discovered that matters migh^ have been much worse than they were; the campanile was indeed a rubbish heap, but out of that rubbish , came wonderful things, bells cracktu but not destroyed, pieces of marble showing the designs and stiapes of wliat l;ad been, old bricks bearing the names of all tho em])orors, from Nero to Theodosius, the angel v.hich stood on the top was little injured, and so on. After careful examination it was decided to use the old foundations (too small for the weight which they haq been made to carry for so many hundreds of years), as tliey were perfect. ■^o In 1903 the Count of 'I'urin. with I’ope E’ius X., then patriarch of Venice, to bless it. layed the cornerstone of th© reincarnation, in the center of the original foundations. Around them wore driven, over an ai-ea of 12 feet, 3,076 fresh larchwood piles, from Cadore. the l)iles being, more or less, nine inches in diameter and twelve and a half feet long. Larch has two qualities which make perf**ct j>iles; they harden, almost petrify, in the pjeculiar clay of Venice, and they are straight. They averaged J2 to every three square feet, making a total enlargement of 300 S(iuare yards, and were driven in by u 570-pound weight, raised four feet six lnche.<, to absolute resistance. However the work presented many difficulties, as for instance, during the ’driving,,the nortliv.'est corner showed a depression of half a foot, due to a dif, ference of soil, so longer •'piles had to ' be selected and run through a sandy I deposit into the clay below. On this bed of piles were placed large blocks of stone cemented together, which when finished, it was estimated, would hold a weight of 90,000 tons, while the completed tower is about 20,000 tons. Requires T^v« 'I ears. This work took two years, and a year after the structure was already IS feet high. Work was then suspended for over a year, due to disagreements so that the end of 1908 arrived before the shaft was finished. All this time artists were working over the recomposition of the beautiful Loggia dl Sansovino, whicli stood at the foot of the tower, a work of wonderful perseverance, as. for instance, the celebrated group of the Madonna with Christ and St. John, in terra cotta, which have been patiently picked out of the debris, and, with even more patience, fitted together in such a manner that what is really patchwork appears a perfect whole; that is, the Madonna and Christ, but St. .John was so reduced to dust that not one piece w'as found. The four bronze figures which stood in tlie niches are now there as before, and the marvelous gates which were literally torn apart into fragments have been reconstructed piece by piece, a i)erfect mosaic, an impossibility but for old prints which gave the designs. The marble plJlars are practically the original ones, and where the missing chips ^and pieces could not be found the necessary material was taken from th.e insidp of the pillar^ themselves. The only really new things are the doors, wliich are of wood, but on the old model. The Restore«! Tower. The tower as It now stands ("and as It was when it collapsed) is 322 feet high, the shaft, an absolute reproduction, Is composed of about 1,200,000 copper-colored bricks, each handmade ovor a wood fire, according to antique measurements. Each was tested before being put in place, and if not absolutely perfect was rejected. The belfry looks out over the same entrancing view, one of its pecularities being that not a canal can be seen, and holds the recast bells, and the one old one which escaped injury, the “Maran- gona,” the largest of all. which was brought from Crete centuries ago. Over the belfry stands the original golden angel. She is 30 feet high and is made of gilded copper with the extremities in bronze. The total cost of the reconstructed tower as It now stands comi)leted has been about $225.150, almost entirely contributed by Venice and the province of Venice. The Inauguration takes place on April 25, coincidin.g w'ith the openln.g of the great bi-annual International Exhibition of Paintings and Sculi)ture, which will take place on April 23. Tt is difficult for strangers to understand what the campanile meant to Venetians, and therefore what its reappearance signifies to them. It was begun as far back as 888. and was a watchtower to signal the arrival of the enemy, of course from the sea. In 1*‘^29 it had already been transformed into a bell tower; in 1417 in was provided with a marble belfry, and in 1517 boasted an angel as Its crown of glory •W'hlch was later destroyed and replaced by the present golden one. In all these centuru-s tne campanile has been the protection of tlie city, through it no enemy could ai»pr<>acli unexpectedly, while the peal of bell.s called the citizens to arms oz‘ t; thanksgiving, as the case might be. Goveniment Restores and Protects Ancient Ruins of Prehistoric City. INTEREST IN ORIGIN OF CLIFF DWELLERS One Theory Is That They Came From Asia by Way of Alaska. K1 Paso Elks are to have a Home surpassing in elegance and grandeur any I'odge home in tl)e state of Texas, if the plans of exalted ruler W. W. Bridgers are carried out. The plan embraces the sale of the tiorth half of the local lodge’s property on the northeast corner of Campbell street and Myrtle avenue, the dfinolition of the present structure ajul the erection In Its place of a $90,0 (t(< reinforced concrete or brick and steel structure, eight stories high. The upper portion of the building will be made into a hotel and will surpass anything heretofore attempted In In in as the lodge building line in Texas, fact, there will be no other city the United States of the same size El Paso that can boast of a lodge building equal to El Paso’s when the plans are completed. W. W. Bridgers, the present exalted ruler of the lodge here, discussing the plans, said; ‘‘Our present quarters ara inade(juate and unsulted to our needs. We own more real estate than we have any use for, and a part of the building is not being utilized. “The proposition to enlarge the present building seems to meet with no encouragement, on account of the building being an old one. 'I'hat it should be torn down, and a new', modern, flre- proof building of six or-eight stories built In its place, seems to be the most general sentiment. “In that event, Ave would build on the south half of the present property and sell tiie north Half. I Itave appointed a committee to look into the matter, the committee consisting of V. R. Stiles, .T. F. Coles, H. S. Beach. Winchester Cooley and Numa Buchos.’’ The present lOlks’ club Avas for many years the Central public S(>hool. It was purchased by the Elks and remodeled in 1906, and has two courtyards which are seldom use(l. The property is valued at the present time at about $65,000 and when purchased cost only half that much. Santa Fe, N. M., April 20.—Among the mystic measas of the arid southwest has been established a government reservation of strange and fascinating Interest. In the high and almost inaccessible recesses of the cllif.*» which border the cavernous canyons of the San .Tuan and the Rio Manccs, near the common corner of Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico, are found the long abandoned homes of the ancient and extinct inhabitants of this novv' deserted country, the cliff dwellings of a race of prehistoric men of the stone agt. Little Is known ay to the extca era of the cliff dw'ellers’ existence. The archaeologists tell us that the cliff cities w'ere in ruins at the time of tho coming of the Spaniards and place a thousand yeari ago as the most recent date of occupation in the localities described. The cliff dweller.? themselves were small of stature, a ,?5 shown by the undersized and dwarf- like mummies found in their dwellings. Tho lived in communities for mutual protection, all evidences pointing to a peaceable and industrious people, who. unable to wage successful derenslve warfare w'ith the hostile bands of Indians on the south, fortified themselves in their cliff houses far up In the rocky walls of the canyons. Reached Only by Xnrrow Trails. Access to these lofty fortresses Is obtained only by follow'lng narrow trails along the face of the cliffs. In places reduced to merely hand and foot holds, carved in the sheer precipice, and through tunnels cut in rock barely large enough to admit the entrance of th*^ diminutive cliff dweller. From some of the structures the rod: formations which permitted entrance have caved away, leaving them isolated on high ledges and balconies in cliffs, inaccessible and unexplored. Uved In Stone Kra.« On the level mesa above the cliff.-< these ancient people cultivated the soil and raised their crops. Here are found the quaint and prehistoric mounds from which have been unearthed stone arrow heads, grinders for grain’, pottery and other objects of peculiar interest. The absence of any metal from their abodes shows beyond doubt tha: their age was a stone era; the attractive decoration of their pottery and their geometrical pictographs indicate a high state of artistic development, and the masonry of the cliff house« demonstrates an advanced stage of architectural and engineering skill. That the cliff dwellers were not Indians is the latest archaeological word on the subject. The mummies of the cliffmen are narrow'-headed. while the neighboring Pueblo Indians are broad-headed. The hair of the mummies is of fine texture; not coarse like Indian hair. One theory of their origin which is gaining wide but by no means universal acceptance assumes that they were Asiatics, w'ho came to this continent by w'ay of the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. and thence southward. The Cliff Palace. The principal and most Impressive ruin in the ^lesa Verde National park Is the Cliff palace, an imposing structure approximately 300 feet In length, built under the rock roof of an enormous cave, which rises in an arch above the ruin. Cliff palace contains over 200 living rooms, with numerous larger chambers, called kivas. used for assembling places for the purpose of worship, ceremonies, councils and the like. The structure is flanked with parapets and crowned with towers, turrets and bastions, like a castle of but none the less interesting ruins, are scattered throughout the adjacent canyons, 375 cliff houses having completed topcgraphlcal map of tho been located and noted on the recently comi>leted topographical map of the park. If* Now In National Park. The region described Is now Included in the Mesa Verde National park, created by the act of congress approved .Tune 2y, 1906 . and placed by that legls- j lation under the jurisdiction and con- 1 trol of the secretary of the interior. I The park was established for the pro- (Contlnued on Next Page.) RUMOR SAYS RING WILL DITCH MONTOYA Plan >S;ii(l to l-5e on Foot to Su])i>ort Stiiiidish for Oonstahlo. TOWNS COOPERATE ! fl| ; T H IN HOLDING FAIRS 11, n L | 1 T’olitical rumors are running rife Domingo Montoya, canditiute for re- elei'tion as constabiC on ’’the ring’’ tick(‘t. to be sacrificed for 1^'. C. is Standish. Monto.VH says that he does not know anything about ;t, an«l is .still a candidate on “tlie ring’ tickt^t, but it is re- poited from men who know that he may be droi>ped at the last minute. ‘•'rh<' anti-ring” has a labor man on its ticket. In Charles H. Escott. candidate for county t ommissioner from precinct No. 2, and “the ring” has none. Now it depends on Hscajeda to swing the Mexican vote, and it is understood he will support Standish, to carry the labor vote. Thereby^ it is expected to defeat “tJie anti-ring,” but the latter is working along, has head(iuarters and has ])een In the fight strong, while “the ring” has not yet opened quarters. If ”the ring” does knife Montoya it will not be the first time that it has taken such action, for. when Manen Clements was running for that place it tlitched him in favor of R. F. Mitchell the Ttepublican, who was victor at the polls. Ostrich growers have organized an association for the handling of th(' Immense ft'ather yield at Phoenix. Plumage from about 7000 birds in the Salt River valley will be handled by special ajit-nt for ihe growerSf ecos, Bi^- S|>riiig and Midland to Work in I'nion. Pecos, Texas, April 20.—President I. 13. Smith and secretary S. Fernbery of the Big Spring Commercial club; secretary T. C. C'arrington, of the ^.lidland Commercial club, and president Will P. Brady and secretary Porter A. Whaley, of the Peco.s (’ommercial club, held a conference In this city regardin^j plans for the Big Spring, Midland and Pecos fairs, and decided to cooperate and work in unison in handling the fairs, and selected dates as follows; Big Spring, last week in September; Midland, first week in October; Pecos, second week in October. Secretary Carrington, of Midland, will work up concessions, secretary Whaley, of Pecos, will handle amusements, and president Smith, of Big Spring, will handle the poultry exhibits. It is annonuced here by II. C. Jones, superintendent of I’ecos city schools, that the University of Texas, after examining work done at the high school here, has decided to give Pecos high school affiliation with the State university. liilL Withdrawal of Cone Johnson Creates Ne-w Phase to the Texas Senatorial Situation—J. F. Wolters in Contest Against Congressman—Said That Sheppard Has Solid Support of the Prohibition Element—Charges and Counter Charges Being Made. The Pacific Coast Fair and Racing circuit at a meeting In San Francisco, Included Phoenix in a list of cities to have meetings. There is a splendid and equipment at Phoenix. Con- Austin, Texas, April 20.—The recent withdrawal of Cone Johnson, of Tyler, from the race for United States senator to succeed J. W. Bailey and the reentry of congressman Morris Sheppard, j of Texarkana, places a new phase on ( this Interesting political situation. Mr. .iohnson w^as in poor health and that was his reason for his decision to withdraw his candidacy for the office. Mr. Sheppard retired from the contest a few weeks ago, after being In it for about two months. He was also actuated at track and equipment at dltions are ideal for fine blooded stock. | the time by the condition of his health, but he now* announces to 'the people cl Texas that he has entirely recovered his physical strength and will soon begin an active campaign. It is known that when the fact became public that Mr. Johnson would probably withdraw, a flood of petitions were sent to IMr. Sheppard urging him to reconsider his determination not to seek the senator- Phlp. It Is claimed by many of his supporters that he had the fight as good as won when he retired from tha contest and now that he has reentered he w'lll walk away with his chief op- CContinued on next page.)

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