The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts on August 27, 1980 · 1
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The Boston Globe from Boston, Massachusetts · 1

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Wednesday, August 27, 1980
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Red Sox sweep Angels, 5-1; Yankees lose to A's, 3-1, and Orioles to Mariners, 2-1 (Page 59) Guide to features ARTSFILMS 37 BRIDGE 58 BUSINESS 32 CLASSIFIED .... 68-84 COMICS . 40 CROSSWORD 40 DEATH NOTICES 22 EDITORIALS 14 HOROSCOPE 57 LIVING 25 TVRADIO 41 TWISTAGRAM .... 41 Your heat's too big WEDNESDAY Partly cloudy. 85-90 THURSDAY Sunny, around 80 HIGH TIDE 12:51 am, 1:02 p.m. FULL REPORT - PAGE 57 FOOD Pages 43-36 Vol. 218. No. 58 1980. Globe Newspaper Co. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 27. 1980 Telephone 929-2000 Jg 84 Pages - 25 Cents urvey: Many didn't register for draf Ik Bum Post offices across US. report no-shows far above 2 predicted By Alan M. MacRobert Special to The Globe When America's 19-and 20-year old men were ordered to register for the draft last month. Selective Service Director Bernard Rostker predicted that only 2 percent of them would not to sign up. A Globe sample of postal districts across the nation, however, suggests that the registration order was in fact defied or ignored by approximately 25 percent. One million of the 4.076,000 civilian American males born in 1960 and 1961 appear to be in violation of the draft sign-up law, which was called for by President Jimmy Carter in his State of the Union address last January and enacted by Congress in June after bitter debate. The draft registration program appears to be. if not a failure, at least in serious trouble. Each of the million or so nonregis-trants is technically liable for a penalty of up to five years in prison and a fine of $10,000. The penalties were highly publicized during the two-week registration period. Realistically, however, the nation's federal courts could only cope with a tiny fraction of these cases. By comparison, the government conducts about 40,000 prosecutions a year for all federal crimes combined. Registration figures for the greater Boston area are typical of much of the country. According to local postal officials. 32.950 young men filled out draft forms as instructed at post offices in 72 eastern Massachusetts cities and towns. The Massachusetts sampling . included the rural towns of Bolton and Carlisle. Within that territory, however, live 47,000 civilian young men who were supposed to register, according to the best available census data. The gap amounts to 30 percent. The Selective Service System has not released registration figures of its own. "All the forms have not bee"n keypunched and put on computer tape yet." a Selective Service public affairs officer Joan Lamb. says. "We don't want to talk from incomplete data." Lamb says that, due to many queries from the media and the public, a preliminary national registration figure will be announced at the end of next week. Exact figures, she says, will not be available until mid-. November. Figures are already available, however, from many post office districts. Some postal officials say they have been told by Selective Service not to release the numbers. Nevertheless, The Globe was able to obtain the registration figures from large postal districts that cover more than 10 percent of the nation's population. By matching these figures with census estimates of 19-and 20 year old civilian men in each district, it is clear that the registration program suffered major shortfalls nearly everywhere. In greater Baltimore, an area covering more than half the population of Maryland, 31 percent of those required did not did sign up. The nonre-gistrants in the greater Kansas City area totaled 27 percent. In the city of DRAFT. Page 10 j'y- ""'""i"""'""m" S - - ' " -if" jf rmnii - f i V iMi lir m .Mwnaijl ' - "- - n m tin' ' Young men register for draft in Bangor Post Office last month, ap photo ti if 111 f 1 1 i v no ; THE ART OF NATURE Standing like sculptures atop a row of pedestals, cormorants perch on the pilings of an old pier along the South Boston waterfront. globe photo by DAVID RYAN IN THIS CORNER The magic of a Pacific 'graveyard' By David J. Jacobs Newhouse News Service TRUK Clark Graham Was swept out to the Pacific islands on the crest of the wave of idealism that surged through the '60s. And he found a way of life here in a graveyard of ships, more than 3000 miles west of Hawaii. I met him one soggy morning several weeks ago in the dining room of the Truk Continental Hotel which looks out on the cloud-draped lagoon in the Eastern Caroline Islands where the monthly rainfall averages more than a foot. There, in February 1944, hundreds of US Navy planes sank more than 50 Japanese ships in one of the decisive engagements of the Pacific war. Today, those relics are an underwater museum attracting divers and snorkelers from all over. A slender man of medium height and with a full beard, Graham sat in a corner attacking a stack of pancakes and sausages. He wore sandals, trunks, and a wool watch cap, and was reading a paperback copy of Thoreau's "Walden." I paused at his table. "You're really not looking for a Walden out here?" I asked. He laughed, invited me to join him for coffee. "I might have once." he said, "but now I just enjoy the poetry in his prose." After graduating with a bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of Iowa in 1966. he joined the Peace Corps and went to Micronesia. "I felt a need to serve." he said, "so I taught the island kids." After a while, he felt another need. to retreat from the life of quiet desperation IN THIS CORNER. Page 6 His defense: Had to take risks , " ' ' v:-.. mv 4- . ( it Jf PETER KRUTSCHEWSKI . . . blames Vietnam By Charles Kenney and William F. Doherty Globe Staff Peter L. KrutschewskI freely admits he was an internation-' al drug smuggler, but he insists he quit after smuggling a boatload of marijuana into Folly Cove in Gloucester during the summer of 1975. KrutschewskI. 35. is on trial in US District Court in Boston, accused of having been the kingpin of an international operation that smuggled marijuana and hashish worth millions of dollars into the United States from 1973 to 1975. During a lunch break from court yesterday, the Vietnam combat veteran sat in a downtown pub and said he was indeed a smuggler, but he insisted he was not the kingpin the government claims he was. The major charge against KrutschewskI (pronounced Kur-chesski) is that he was the "organizer, supervisor and manager" of a "continuous criminal enterprise" involving at least three crimes in which he managed five or more people in all facets of the crime. Conviction under this rarely used statute carries a minimum sentence of 10 years in prison. KrutschewskI "almost made the big time." his lawyer told the jury. "Lord knows he tried. But the people he wanted to manage rejected his management." KrutschewskI said that, if he is found guilty on any of the five counts against him. he will plead insanity and contend that he became a smuggler because he suffered from "Vietnam Syndrome." an ailment caused by stress suffered during combat that causes a person to feel a need to Jake risks. KRUTSCHEWSKI. Page 68 School panel wants to talk to the may or By R.S. Kindleberger Globe Staff Boston Mayor Kevin White is playing Russian roulette with the city's school system by refusing to allow an increase over last year's $195-million budget, School Committee president John J. McDonough said yesterday. Saying he hoped "common sense would prevail," McDonough appealed to White to meet with the School Committee this week "so at least we could outline the seriousness of the situation to him . . ." Mayor White's vow to hold the budget to last year's level came on Friday, in the midst of negotiations between the School Department and the Boston Teachers Union, which represents an estimated 5000 teachers. The mayor later said he will not meet with school officials until Sept. 4, the day after school opens. SCHOOLS, Page 39 Poland concedes more to strikers By Murray Seeger Los Angeles Times WARSAW - The Polish government yesterday increased its efforts to end the strikes on the Baltic seacoast. broadcasting the sermon of a Roman Catholic prelate and making new political concessions even as walkouts spread to more industrial cities across the nation. Josef Pinkowski, named premier in a major government shakeup Sunday, was in the seaport of Gdansk drecting the government delegation in talks with leaders of an estimated 150,000 workers from 400 enterprises in the Baltic region. Tens of thousands of other Poles reportedly walked off their jobs in the cities of Lodz, Olsz-ton, Rzeszow, Wroclaw. Nowa Huta and Koszalin. Deputy Premier Mieczyslaw Ja-gielski told delegates of the Inter-Factory Strike Committee at the giant V.I. Lenin Shipyards in Gdansk that the government conceded that it should rewrite its labor law to make strikes legal when other means for redress break down. As the Gdansk negotiations recessed for the day, other developments marked the seriousness with which the government and Communist Party officials view the unrest in the country: National television, for the first time in the history of Communist Poland, telecast the complete sermon of a Roman Catholic prelate, Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski. The 79-year-old cardinal, who has been shown on the state television only a few times during his many years as head of the church in this overwhelmingly Catholic nation of 35 million, was addressing the annual church conference at the shrine city of Czcstochowa. A symbol of national courage and religious loyalty. Wysczyinski called for "prudence" on the part of the Poles, and reminded them of "the difficulties with which we regained our independence." POLAND, Page 5 Mavroules cleared of charge he took brihe US Rep. Nicholas Mavroules (D-Peabody) was cleared yesterday of an allegation that while he was mayor of Pea-body in 1975 he accepted a $25,000 bribe. US Atty. Edward F. Harrington announced that he decided against bringing criminal charges after his office had fully investigated the allegation made by Peter R. Aver, an admitted con man turned government informer who said he paid the bribe to Mavroules. But Harrington said Mavroules is still subject to an income tax investigation unrelated to the Aver allegation. "In the interest of Justice to both the public and to Congressman Mavroules the record in this matter must be clarified." Harrington said, referring to recent news reports about the investigation. MAVROULES, Page 32 K- it' L REP. MAVROULES Named by Peter Aver A A i China flap: major or minor? By Richard H. Stewart Globe Staff China specialists are divided over whether Republican Presidential candidate Ronald Reagan's statements concerning US-Taiwan relations are a minor international flap exaggerated by presidential politics or a dangerous intrusion into the delicate balance between the United States and Peking. China has reacted strongly to Reagan's use of the word "official" in reference to how he as President would deal with the government of Taiwan. He has proposed that the United States convert the unofficial American Institute office in Taiwan into an "official liaison office." The United States, in the Shanghai Communique of 1979, ended diplomatic recognition of Taiwan and adopted a one-China policy, recog- TAIWAN. Pae 8 nizing Peking as the "official" China, and Taiwan as a part of it. Reagan appeared to soften his stance somewhat Monday when he told a news conference he would accept the continuation of the existing relations with Taiwan carried out by the American Institute, a private foundation financed by the US government. But Reagan said "it is hypocritical to pretend" that the current relationship between the United States and Taiwan "is not something of an official relationship." John K. Fairbank of Harvard, one of the best-known of the China specialists, believes the Peking government "understands that we are foolish" during presidential elections. "Reagan is repeating some old stuff," said Fairbank. "The funny thing about his statement is that it is so out-of-date. It comes from

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